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Find the values of WN k ,When N=8, k=2 and also for k=3. 3. Compare DIT radix-2 FFT and DIF radix -2 FFT. 4. Draw the radix-2 FFT–DIF butterfly diagram. 5. Draw the radix-2 FFT–DIT butterfly diagram. 6. What is the necessity of sectioned convolution in signal processing? 7. Define Correlation of the sequence. 8. State any two DFT properties. 9. Why impulse invariant transformation is not a one-to-one mapping? PART - B 1. a) Compute 4- point DFT of casual three sample sequence is given by, x(n) = 1/3, 0_n_2 = 0, else (10) b) State and prove shifting property of DFT. (6) 2. Derive and draw the radix -2 DIT algorithms for FFT of 8 points. (16) 3. Compute the DFT for the sequence {1, 2, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 1}. Using radix -2 DIF FFT and radix -2 DIT- FFT algorithm. (16) 4. Find the output y(n) of a filter whose impulse response is h(n) = {1, 1, 1} and input signal x(n) = {3, -1, 0, 1, 3, 2, 0, 1, 2, 1}. Using Overlap add overlap save method. (16) 5. In an LTI system the input x(n) = {1, 1, 1}and the impulse response h(n) = {-1, }Determine the response of LTI system by radix -2 DIT FFT (16) 6. Find the output y(n) of a filter whose impulse response is h(n) = {1, 1, 1} and input signal x(n) = {3, -1, 0, 1, 3, 2, 0, 1, 2, 1}. Using Overlap save method (16) UNIT-II: INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS

& UNIT-III: FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS

PART - A TWO MARKS: 1. Differentiate IIR filters and FIR filters. 2. Write the characteristics features of Hanning window 3. Define pre-warping effect? Why it is employed? 4. Give any two properties of Butterworth filter. 5. When a FIR filter is said to be a linear phase FIR filter 6. Write the characteristics features of rectangular window. 7. Write the expression for Kaiser window function.. 8. What are the advantages and disadvantages of FIR filters? 9. Write the characteristics features of Hamming window 10. Why mapping is needed in the design of digital filters? PART - B

Determine the filter coefficients for N =7.(16) 7.1 sec. 3 0 .Using Impulse (S+1) (S+2) Invariant Transformation . _/4 _ | _| _ _ = 0 . 7 (16) 11. for k =4.2 H(s)= ---------------.1 .707 _ |H(_)| _1. Design and implement linear phase FIR filter of length N =15 which has following unit sample sequence H(k) = 1 .with T=0. (16) 4. For a given specifications of the desired low pass filter is 0.414Sn +1 with a cutoff frequency of 0. (16) 2. Apply impulse invariant transformation to H(S) = (S +1) (S + 2) with T =1sec and find H(Z). Sampling frequency Fs =8000 Hz.4 . for k = 0. 7 (16) 10. With a neat sketch explain the design of IIR filter using impulse invariant transformation. Using frequency sampling method. 3 0.2)2 + 9 1 12. 0 _ _ _ 0. (16) 8.2_ |H(_)| _ 0.4 _ _ _ _ _ Design a Butterworth filter using bilinear transformation. for k = 5. 1. Cutoff frequency fc1 =1000Hz.Assume T=1sec .0. Explain the procedural steps the design of low pass digital Butterworth filter and list its properties. for k = 4 0 . using bilinear transformation. (16) . fc2 =3000Hz. 1. Determine the coefficients of a linear phase FIR filter of length N =15 which has a symmetric unit sample response and a frequency response that satisfies the conditions H (2 _k /15) = 1 . (16) 3. (8) 13. 1 Ha(Sn)= Sn 2 + 1.Assume T=1sec (16) (S + 0. | _| _ _/4 Using Hamming window with N =11 (16) 9. Design an ideal high pass filter with Hd(ej _) = 1 . Apply Bilinear Transformation to H(s)= ------------. Convert the analog filter in to a digital filter whose system function is S + 0.08. 6.4 _. (16) 5. List the three well known methods of design technique for IIR filters and explain any one. 0. design a band pass FIR filter with the following specification. 2. 5.Use Impulse Invariant Transformation . The normalized transfer function of an analog filter is given by. 6. (8) (S+2)(S+3) .Determine H(Z) . 6.. Design a low pass filter using rectangular window by taking 9 samples of w(n) and with a cutoff frequency of 1.2 radians/sec. 2. The Analog Transfer function H(s)= ----------------. for k = 0.

8z-¹ ) and H2(z)=1/(1-0. 3. What is the error range for Truncation and round-off process? PART .UNIT IV FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS PART .determine the dead band of the system when x(n)=0 and y(1)=13. Write a short notes on limit cycle oscillation (8) b.B 1. Derive the expression for Pe(n) and SNR. List the errors which arise due to quantization process. The output of an A/D is fed through a digital system whose system function is H(Z)=(1-_)z /(z-_). (8) 2.9z -¹ ). 9.Find the output noise power of the digital system. The output of an A/D is fed through a digital system whose system function is H(Z)=0. and list out the types. 7. 5. What is sampling? 6. 4. (16) .95y(n-1)+x(n). What are the differences between Fixed and Binary floating point number representation? 10.Determine theOver all output noise power.6. A digital system is characterized by the difference equation Y(n)=0. When zero limit cycle oscillation and Over flow limit cycle oscillation has occur? 8.6z/z-0. 0<_<1. Define limit cycle Oscillations. Discuss the truncation error in quantization process. Discuss in detail about quantization effect in ADC of signals. (16) 4 a. Write expression for variance of round-off quantization noise.A TWO MARKS: 1. Why? Scaling is important in Finite word length effect. What are the effects of finite word length in digital filters? 2. Explain in detail about signal scaling (8) 5. Find the output noise power of the digital system=8 bits (8) 3. (16) 6. Two first order filters are connected in cascaded whose system functions of theIndividual sections are H1(z)=1/(1-0.

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