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BY: Deepshikha Gandhi -1831482808 Madhuri Gambhir -1361482808 Deepanshu Kumar-1101482808

AIM: To setup a fiber optic voice link. APPARATUS: ST 2502 kit, microphone, connecting wires, optical fiber. THEORY: The fibre optic voice link setup consists of the following major stages: 1. AUDIO INPUT CIRCUIT The voice input from the microphone is fed into the audio input circuit which amplifies the voice.

2. EMITTER CIRCUIT The output of the audio input circuit is fed to the emitter which converts it into optical form and amplifies it for further propagation through the optical fiber.

3. OPTICAL FIBER (TRANSMISSION MEDIA) The transmission medium used here is an optical fiber that guides the voice signal in the form of guided light to the detector.

4. DETECTOR CIRCUIT The detector circuit receives the input from one end of the optical fiber, converts it back to analog voice form and then amplifies it again to feed to LPF.

5. LOW PASS FILTER (LPF) The low pass filter is used to filter out the high frequency components from the voice signal. This removes the noise.

The switched faults were put to OFF position.C. Amplifier to input of audio output circuit. What is an optical fiber? Where is it used? .C. The power supply was connected to the kit. c) Attach an optical fiber between emitter and detector circuit. 7. f) Output of A. 3. PROCEDURE: 1. The following connections were made: a) The microphone to input point of audio input circuit. AUDIO SPEAKER OUTPUT CIRCUIT The voice signal which was input at the microphone is heard at the audio speaker output. AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT The amplifier circuit is used to amplify the received voice signal. e) Output of LPF to input of A.C. 2. d) Output of detector circuit to input of LPF circuit. A. Microphone input AUDIO INPUT CIRCUIT EMITTER CIRCUIT DETECT OR CIRCUIT Optical fiber LOW PASS FILTER A. RESULT: The voice link was successfully established. b) Output of audio input circuit to input of emitter circuit. AMPLIFIE R CIRCUIT A VOICE LINK SETUP VIVA QUSETIONS: Q1. Amplifier circuit.C.BY: Deepshikha Gandhi -1831482808 Madhuri Gambhir -1361482808 Deepanshu Kumar-1101482808 6.

. Specially designed fibers are used for a variety of other applications. and are wrapped in bundles so they can be used to carry images. Q2. which permits transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than other forms of communication. Fibers are also used for illumination. transparent fiber made of a pure glass (silica) not much wider than a human hair.BY: Deepshikha Gandhi -1831482808 Madhuri Gambhir -1361482808 Deepanshu Kumar-1101482808 ANS1. thus allowing viewing in tight spaces. Fibers are used instead of metal wires because signals travel along them with less loss and are also immune to electromagnetic interference. It functions as a waveguide. The field of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and application of optical fibers is known as fiber optics. Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic communications. or "light pipe". What are the advantages of optical fiber over other media? ANS2. including sensors and fiber lasers. to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber. An optical fiber is a flexible.