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A VISION FOR PARKVIEW GARDENS

C O N N E C T I N G P E O P L E , P L A C E S & P A R K S PUBLIC WORKSHOP #3 DRAFTING THE PLAN: PUTTING THE PIECES TOGETHER

U N I V E R S I T Y C I T Y, M I S S O U R I

H3 STUDIO
N O V E M B E R 9 , 2 0 1 1

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AGENDA
INTRODUCTION PLANNING PROCESS PUBLIC WORKSHOP #2 REPORT PREFERRED OPTION: NEIGHBORHOOD SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PLAN small-group work session report back & conclusion

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A Vision for Parkview Gardens

INTRODUCTION
INCEPTION :: OBJECTIVE :: BOUNDARIES :: SCOPE :: SCHEDULE :: PARTNERS

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PROJECT INCEPTION
HUD-DOT PARTNERSHIP FOR SUSTAINABLE COMMUNTIES The City of University City, in partnership with Washington University, the Parkview Gardens Association, Great Rivers Greenway, Trailnet, RHCDA, developed a grant proposal entitled

Parkview Gardens: A Sustainable & Accessible Community for a HUD-DOT


Partnership for Sustainable Communities grant. On October 20, 2010, University City The grant application and this planning process was notified of their receipt of the grant award. is one of the early-action implementation

items specified in thecommunity that Gardens Parkview has more housing A sustainable community is a and transportation choices, is closer to jobs, shops or by the Parks and Open Space Plan, adopted schools, is more energy independent and helps protect clean air and water University City, City Council on February 22, 2010

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OBJECTIVE
The overall objective is to continue to revitalize and redevelopment Parkview Gardens neighborhood in a manner that builds upon its history, diversity and character so that new housing, parks and public spaces, green infrastructure, and economic development projects complement existing and planned public transportation resources to

increase community & environmental sustainability and improves the quality of life and access to employment opportunities.
The intent is that this plan is implemented over the long-term (15-20 years) in a manner that does not require the use of eminent domain.

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BOUNDARIES
CONTEXT AREA
Forsyth Blvd. to south Tezel Ave. to the north Big Bend Blvd. to west Hamilton Ave. to the East

OVERALL STUDY AREA


Alley north of Olive Blvd. Alley south of Delmar Blvd. Alley west of Kingsland Ave. Hodiamont Ave. to the East

DETAILED STUDY AREA


Alley north of Olive Blvd. Alley south of Delmar Blvd. Kingsland Ave. to the west Skinker Blvd. to the East

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SCOPE
1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 SITE INVESTIGATION GUIDING LIVABILITY PRINCIPLES ENVISIONING A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE DRAFT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PLAN Preferred Option Sustainable Development Plan PPP Committee Meeting 03/Public Workshop 03 Refinement of Economic Development Assessment Parkview Gardens Parks 30% Design Development Preliminary Integrated Funding Plan FINAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PLAN Draft Neighborhood Sustainable Development Plan Refinement of Integrated Funding Plan Parkview Gardens Parks 50% Design Development PPP Committee Meeting 04/Public Workshop 04 Final Neighborhood Sustainable Development Plan Final Public Presentation

5.0

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SCHEDULE
August to present: Plan Commission: approved #3 Traffic Commission Green Practices Com. Historic Preservation Com. Stakeholder Interviews City of St. Louis

Week of November 7: PPP/Public Workshop 03 Week of November 21: PPP Committee Review Week of January 16: January 25: February 13: Week of February 20: March 26: PPP / Public Workshop 04 Plan Commission City Council Work Session Final Public Presentation City Council Presentation

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PARTNERS
The City of University City Washington University In St. Louis The Parkview Gardens Association Great Rivers Greenway District St. Louis Regional Arts Commission Regional Housing & Community Develp. Alliance Arcturis Trailnet

ADVISORS
The City of St. Louis Gateway Foundation University City Parks Commission University City Arts and Letters Commission Metro

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A Vision for Parkview Gardens

PLANNING PROCESS
HISTORY :: NEIGHBORHOOD ANALYSIS :: MARKET ANALYSIS :: BENCH-MARKING Parkview Gardens Parks and Open Space Plan February 2010 Sustainability Strategic Plan for The City of University City, Missouri October 2010 HUD-DOT Partnership for Sustainable Communities Livability Principles

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MARKET DEMAND

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PUBLIC MEETING II
PROCESS :: GOALS :: PREFERRED OPTION :: CONCERNS :: IDEAS

August 30, 2011

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PUBLIC WORKSHOP II SUMMARY


PROCESS residents and community members reviewed Development Options for Parkview Gardens after a detailed presentation on the Park Plan, ex. conditions of the neighborhood, Residential Market Analysis, and the Development Options. GOAL Identify preferred development option Cross check issues and ideas with the Vision Statement and Goals generated at Public Workshop # I

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PUBLIC WORKSHOP II SUMMARY


OPTION 3 MIXED USE + RESIDENTIAL MARKET + was consistently selected as the preferred option. There was overall support for the suggested building heights, massing and economic development program There was support for the public space network (streets and parks), and the access, circulation and mobility proposals. There was support for the range of housing & building types

OPTION 3 (MIXED-USE) BEST FOR COMMUNITY, JOBS + RESIDENTS

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PUBLIC WORKSHOP II SUMMARY: CONCERNS


1. Metcalfe Park _improve park uses _remediation issues 2. Condominiums & Loop Parking concerns with Condo location and the impact this will have on free Loop Parking 3. Delmar/Skinker Corner Grocery concerns about location at corner, especially with Traffic Impacts 4. Economics of Student Housing concern about housing not being on the tax roll

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PUBLIC WORKSHOP II SUMMARY: IDEAS


1. Move Grocery Store to Skinker and Olive Intersection 2. Integrate housing into the mixed use buildings along Skinker 3. Make sure uses in mixed-use buildings are compatible with neighborhood needs 4. Redevelopment areas should not require residents or businesses to relocate 5. Preserve Community Gardens 6. Green Roof on the Condo Parking Structure

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PREFERRED OPTION: NEIGHBORHOOD SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PLAN


ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT :: JOBS | HOUSING BALANCE :: SMART COMMUNITIES ACCESS, CIRCULATION & MOBILITY :: PARKING STRATEGY :: PUBLIC SPACE NETWORK REGULATORY PLAN :: BUILDING HEIGHTS :: LAND USE CODE :: :: BUILDING TYPES SUSTAINABLE URBAN & ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS URBAN DESIGN PLAN

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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
JOBS|HOUSING BALANCE SMART COMMUNITIES

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT JOBS | HOUSING


Immediacy of employment: potential to access alternate forms of transportation for employment

While it is acknowledged that households face tradeoffs when selecting a place to live, it is useful public policy to offer a greater mix of uses so households have the choice of living closer to work and other amenities in order to improve the quality of life.

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT JOBS | HOUSING


Immediacy of employment: potential to access alternate forms of transportation for employment Parkview Gardens is linked to major centers of employment via the Loop Trolley and MetroLink. Parkview Gardens & adjacent areas, and any jobs related development will have a greater in | out transit employment commute-shed

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT JOBS | HOUSING


Immediacy of employment: potential to access alternate forms of transportation for employment Number of jobs: roughly equal number of jobs and housing units Relationship to Housing: Housing should provide a range of types and prices that match the range of jobs types

(all numbers approximate)

To develop a healthy and choice neighborhood HUD recommends a 1.5 :1 relationship between jobs and housing units. Parkview Gardens needs 5,850 jobs nearby in order to match this ideal ratio. This could be accommodated along Delmar and in five storey buildings along the Skinker and Olive Blvd. edge

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT JOBS | HOUSING


Type/range of jobs: type of jobs should match the labor force skills, demographic profile, and/or educational/training resources Range of business types includes: food service; supermarket / grocer; small general office; retail / sales; hospitality; non-profits; janitorial; arts / entertainment; educational university; industrial; manufacturer; storage / trucking; Local Govern.; School District; newspaper; neighborhood services; etc.

There is an opportunity to build upon the educational, arts and cultural resources of the area to further diversify the economic development opportunity that will support the market program for housing

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT JOBS | HOUSING


RECOMMENDATION Develop an incentive program to increase the number and range of businesses that match potential labor force Encourage the development of a mixed use office district along Skinker Blvd. and the continued re-development of North Campus Provide a 21st century digital technology infrastructure as well as the Industrial Park

that responds to the new knowledge based digital Locate more jobs near transit to economy and reposition the broader neighborhood as create regionally accessible jobs a smart community and a center for innovation, arts and creativity
Encourage the mixed-use development of the Loop

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT SMART COMMUNITY


ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES Attracts new High Bandwidth business and industry Growth in small business Connected Institutions and Community Arts SOCIAL ADVANTAGES Free Wi-Fi in public realm for residents and visitors Equal access to job and educational information for the most economically disadvantaged residents.

Smart Community: one making a conscious effort to use information technology to transform life and work within its region in significant and fundamental, rather than incremental ways. (World Foundation for Smart Communities)

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT SMART COMMUNITY


ST. LOUIS CLOUD COALITION Internet connectivity and speed is essential for municipalities to: Attract and retain businesses Maintain quality of life Expand arts and culture

St. Louis Cloud Coalition is currently developing an information and communications technology (ict) master plan for the loop trolley area

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ECON. DEVELOPMENT SMART COMMUNITY


ASSETS Metro Link has an existing high speed Fiber Optic cable along its tracks consider as a source These cables could supply internet 100 times faster than existing to the surrounding area. CHALLENGES Seek out funders & partnerships -for construction, operation and maintenance of network to expand the use of Fiber Optic cable in this area

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Case Studies For A

SMART COMMUNITY
Chicago Cleveland

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ACCESS, CIRCULATION & PARKING


NEIGHBORHOOD TRANSIT RESIDENTIAL PARKING LOOP PARKING

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NEIGHBORHOOD TRANSIT

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TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT
NEIGHBORHOOD TOD Existing 12 units pa. At full-build out & with market+ program = 24 upa MIXED-USE CORRIDOR TOD Existing 0.8 FAR. At full-build out & with market+ program = 1.6 FAR

(all numbers approximate)

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING
STREET PARKING 1,160 actual spaces (all numbers approximate)

note: street parking cannot substitute for on-site residential

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING CODE


SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING APARTMENT / CONDO APARTMENT / CONDO APARTMENT / CONDO 2 Parking Spaces 1.5 Parking Spaces for 1 Bedroom 2 Parking Spaces for 2+ Bedrooms 6+ Units in the Building, 1 Visitor Parking Space Required

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING
EXISTING 3,350 code spaces 1,600 actual spaces 1,750 DEFICIT BY CODE PROPOSED 2,863 add. code spaces 1,358 add. actual spaces 1,505 DIFFERENCE

ACTUAL PARKING RATIO IS: 0.5 PARKING SPACES PER BEDROOM 0.8 PARKING SPACES PER HOUSING UNIT
(all numbers approximate)

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING
EXISTING 3,350 code spaces 1,600 actual spaces 1,750 DEFICIT BY CODE PROPOSED 2,863 add. code spaces 1,358 add. actual spaces 1,505 DIFFERENCE

IF ENTIRE NEIGHBORHOOD IS BY CODE: 6,200 TOTAL REQUIRED SPACES


(all numbers approximate)

UP TO 2.0 MILLION SQ. FT. OF PARKING

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING
EXISTING 3,350 code spaces 1,600 actual spaces 1,750 DEFICIT BY CODE PROPOSED 2,863 add. code spaces 1,358 add. actual spaces 1,505 DIFFERENCE

IF NEW DEVELOPMENT MEETS CODE & ACTUAL PARKING IS UNCHANGED: 4,460 TOTAL SPACES
(all numbers approximate)

UP TO 1.5 MILLION SQ. FT. OF PARKING

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING
EXISTING 3,350 code spaces 1,600 actual spaces 1,750 DEFICIT BY CODE PROPOSED 2,863 add. code spaces 1,358 add. actual spaces 1,505 DIFFERENCE

IF ENTIRE NEIGHBORHOOD IS BY ACTUAL: 2,950 TOTAL SPACES UP TO 900,000 SQ. FT. OF PARKING
(all numbers approximate)

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RESIDENTIAL PARKING OPTIONS


1. 2. 3. 4. Keep Existing Parking Code & Require Compliance Maintain Actual Neighborhood Parking Ratio (0.5 per bedroom) Set A Maximum Number Of Parking Spaces for a TOD based upon best practices and proximity of transit Let Parking Be Market Driven with a minimum and maximum (0.5 per bed.) so that a developer has the option to respond to the proximity of transit Promote/Require Alternative Parking Strategies

5.

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LOOP PARKING
RESTAURANTS: 1 Parking Space for Every 50 SQ. FT. RETAIL: 1 Parking Space for Every 200 SQ. FT. OFFICE: 1 Parking Space for very 300 SQ. FT. THEATER: 1 Parking Space for Every 3.5 Seats in Main Room

*EXCEPTIONS FOR SHARED PUBLIC PARKING AND REOCCUPANCY*


On a case by case basis, a building owner can utilize city owned parking within 500 feet for a fee in order to meet required commercial parking

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LOOP PARKING
EXISTING 1,430 actual spaces 1 SPACE PER 500 SQ. FT.

Existing ratio of 1 PARKING SPACE PER EVERY

500 SQ. FT.


(all numbers approximate)

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LOOP PARKING
EXISTING 1,430 actual spaces 1 SPACE PER 500 SQ. FT. PROPOSED 470 add. actual spaces

1,900 total spaces needed. Two (2) new parking decks provide 1,900 total spaces @ 500 sq. ft
(all numbers approximate)

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LOOP PARKING OPTIONS


1. 2. 3. 4. Keep Existing Parking Code the Same Maintain Actual Parking Ratio for each Individual Property (1 Parking Space per Every 500 SQ. FT.) Create a Shared Parking District for The Loop that build, manages and operates sufficient parking for the entire district Promote Alternative Parking Strategies

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHT, MASSING & USE

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: LOOKING NORTH All Neighborhood Buildings

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: LOOKING NORTH All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: LOOKING NORTH All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: LOOKING NORTH All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: LOOKING NORTH All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories 3-12 Stories

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: LOOKING WEST All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories 3-12 Stories

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: LOOKING EAST All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories 3-12 Stories

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DELMAR BOULEVARD LOOKING WEST

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DELMAR BOULEVARD LOOKING WEST

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NORTH SKINKER BOULEVARD LOOKING NORTH

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NORTH SKINKER BOULEVARD LOOKING NORTH

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: THEORETICAL All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories 3-12 Stories

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: THEORETICAL All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories 3-12 Stories

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: THEORETICAL All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories 3-12 Stories BUILDING USE: GROUND FLOOR Primary Commercial Mixed Use Residential Civic/Institutional

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REGULATORY PLAN
BUILDING HEIGHTS: THEORETICAL All Neighborhood Buildings 2-4 Stories 3-5 Stories 3-8 Stories 3-12 Stories BUILDING USE: GROUND FLOOR Primary Commercial Mixed Use Residential Civic/Institutional BUILDING USE: UPPER FLOOR Mixed Use Residential Civic/Institutional

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RECOMMENDATION
Following completion of this planning process and adoption of the Sustainable Development Plan for Parkview Gardens, an overlay or replacement FORM BASED REGULATORY CODE is developed and adopted for this neighborhood to ensure that future development by right matches the intention and objectives of this plan

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SUSTAINABLE URBAN & ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS

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PLACE ECONOMIC MAKING, DEVEL. COMMUNITY & CHARACTER, PROSPERITY MOBILITY

ARTS & CULTURE

COMMUNITY HEALTHY, SAFETY, & EMPOWERMENT

WATER

ENERGY

LANDSCAPE

FOOD

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WATER
Potable Water Stormwater

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STORMWATER
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE

Impervious surfaces are impenetrable materials such as ASPHALT, CONCRETE, STONE, BRICK, ROOFTOPS that do not let water pass through. COMPACTED SOIL in urban areas is also highly impervious.

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STORMWATER
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
Streets = 15% of total Area Alleys = 1.5% of total Area Parking Lots = 23.5% of total Area Buildings = 20% of total Area

(all numbers approximate)

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STORMWATER
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
Streets = 15% of total Area Alleys = 1.5% of total Area Parking Lots = 23.5% of total Area Buildings = 20% of total Area

60% OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD IS IMPERVIOUS SURFACE, increasing the likelihood


of flooding, polluted runoff, sewer over flows, and heat island effects.
(all numbers approximate)

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STORMWATER
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
Streets = 15% of total Area Alleys = 1.5% of total Area Parking Lots = 23.5% of total Area Buildings = 20% of total Area

60% OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD IS IMPERVIOUS SURFACE, increasing the likelihood


of flooding, polluted runoff, sewer over flows, and heat island effects.
(all numbers approximate)

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RECOMMENDATIONS

PERMEABLE PARKING LOTS

GREEN ALLEYS

PERMEABLE STREET PARKING

GREEN MEDIANS

RAIN BARRELS

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ENERGY RECOMMENDATIONS

WEATHERIZATION

GREEN & WHITE ROOFS

RENEWABLE ENERGY

REFORESTATION

DISTRICT ENERGY

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FOOD RECOMMENDATIONS

QUALITY AND DIVERSITY OF FOOD OPTIONS

COMMUNITY GARDENS

EDUCATION/ YOUTH PROGRAMS

RESTAURANT/ GARDEN PARTNERSHIP

EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION

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LANDSCAPE RECOMMENDATIONS

NATIVE PLANTING

INCREASE TREE COVER

INCREASE BIODIVERSITY

EDIBLE LANDSCAPES

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PLACEMAKING RECOMMENDATIONS

TOD / PUBLIC TRANSIT

CREATE LIVELY STREETS

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY

PROMOTE MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT

INCREASE WALKABILITY BIKEABILITY

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ARTS & CULTURE RECOMMENDATIONS

SUSTAINABILITY CURRICULUM

DEVELOP PARTNERSHIPS

ARTS SPACE AVAILABILITY

INCREASE PUBLIC ART

ARTS FUNDING INCREASE

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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RECOMMENDATIONS

INCREASE NUMBER & DIVERSITY OF JOBS

PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE BUSINESSES

CREATE A SMART COMMUNITY

CREATE A HOUSING \ JOBS BALANCE

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COMMUNITY HEALTH & SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS

IMPROVE SENSE OF AND ACTUAL PUBLIC SAFETY

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION

INCREASE ACCESS TO SOCIAL & HUMAN SERVICES

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DRAFTING THE PLAN


PUTTING THE PIECES TOGETHER

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DRAFTING THE PLAN


PUBLIC SPACE PLAN Amended Street Network Amended Park Boundaries Permeable Street Parking Permeable Crosswalks Green Medians Green Alleys Parks & Public Landscape

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METCALFE PARK

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METCALFE PARK

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THE CITY OF UNIVERSITY CITY, MISSOURI

ACKERT PARK

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DRAFTING THE PLAN


PUBLIC SPACE PLAN INFILL DEVELOPMENT Existing Buildings Primary Commercial Mixed Use / Office / Residential Residential Infill Civic / Institutional Shared Parking Decks Permeable Parking Lots

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THE CITY OF UNIVERSITY CITY, MISSOURI

TOWNHOUSE INFILL (CW) CWE (x2), Omaha NE, Boca Raton Fl, Longmont CO, Old North STL (x2)

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THE CITY OF UNIVERSITY CITY, MISSOURI

CONDO INFILL (CC) CWE, PVG, Milwaukee (X2),

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DRAFTING THE PLAN


PUBLIC SPACE PLAN INFILL DEVELOPMENT DRAFT NEIGHBORHOOD URBAN DESIGN PLAN

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