) I( ‫ ) تتحول‬ind ( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في نهايتها‬ ) d (‫ ) ول تنتهي بـــ‬ee ( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في وسطها‬ ‫الفعال التي تبقى كما

هي في جميع تصاريفها‬ ‫) في كل تصاريفها‬ou ( ‫الى‬ ) t ( ‫ ) ونضع في آخر الكلمة حرف‬e ( ‫تحذف منها‬ Cut \ cut \ cut Find \ found \ found‫في كل تصاريفها‬ .Cost \ cost \ cost .Bet \ bet \ bet. -Feel \ felt \ felt. -Grind \ ground \ ground‫) الى‬I ( ‫) تتحول‬ing-ink( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في نهايتها‬ .Hit \ hit \ hit Keep \ kept \ kept‫ ) في التصريف الثالث‬u( ‫ ) في التصريف الثاني و‬Hurt \ hurt \ hurt -Meet \ met \ met. )a .d ( -Sing \ sang \ sung (‫ ) و تنتهي بـــ‬ee ( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في وسطها‬ .Let \ let \ let- . .Ring \ rang \ rung‫ ) في كل تصاريفها‬e( ‫تحذف منها‬ .Put \ put \ put-Drink \ drank \ drunk. - Bleed \ bled \ bled. -Read \ read \ read. -Sink \ sank \ sunk. -Feed \ fed \ fed -Shut \ shut \ shut. .ought( -Run \ ran \ run ( ‫الفعال التالية تاخذ في كل تصاريفها‬ )ew ( ‫ ) تتحول‬ow \ aw ( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في نهايتها‬ .Buy \ bought \ bought. -Begin \ began \ begun‫ ) في التصريف الثالث‬own ( ‫في التصريف الثاني و‬ Know \ knew \ known -Seek \ sought\ sought. - Swim \ swam \ swum. aught)( ‫الفعال التالية تاخذ في كل تصاريفها‬ .. Grow \ grew \ grown. -Think \ thought \ thought .Draw \ drew \ drown. -Catch \ caught \ caught. -Fight \ fought \ fought Throw \ threw \ thrown. - Bring \ brought \ brought. - Teach \ taught \ taught. .*Show \ showed \ showed

‫الفعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬
.Drive \ drove \ driven. .Learn \ learnt \ learnt. .Mean \ meant \ meant.

‫الفعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬
- Tell \ told \ told - Write \ wrote \ written. - Ride \ rode \ridden Deal \ dealt \ dealt. -give \ gave \ given -Pay \ paid \ paid -Shine \ shone \ shone -Choose \ chose \ chosen.

) ea( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في وسطها‬ ‫تتحول الى النمط التالي‬

‫الفعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬
.Speak \ spoke \ spoken. .Wake \ woke \ woken. .Steal \ stole \ stolen. Bear \ bore \ born.

‫الفعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬

‫الفعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬

.Wear \ wore \ worn.
.Leave \ left \ left

- Bend \ dent \ bent.
-Build \ built\ built. -Burn \ burnt \ burnt. -Lend \ lent \ lent. -Spend \ spent \ spent. - Lose \ lost \ lost - Have \ had \ had .Light \ lit \ lit.Sit \ sat \ sat-Win \ won \ won -get / got /got

.Hear \ heard \ heard. .Beat \ bet \beaten .Eat \ ate \ eaten
.Take \ took \ taken .Spell \ spelt \ spelt

-Sell \ sold \ sold - Understand \ understood \ understood - Hide \ hid \ hidden -Say \ said \ said-Break \ broke \ broken-Lay \ laid \ laid-Lie \ lay \ lain .Tear \ tore \ torn- Fall \ fell \ fallen-Come \ came \ come-See \ saw \ seen-

-Do \ did \ done-Make \ made \ made- Go \ went \ gone-

‫ الوظيفة‬Function
*Obligation: -‫اللزام‬ *Advice ‫النصيحة‬ -(Must- have to- has to) -(Should- had better- ought to-need) *Giving opinion: -‫الراي‬ -If I were you, I would study hard. -Do you----------I can’t stand----*Apologizing: - ‫العتذار‬ -How about you? -Do you think so? -I’m sorry----I think------in my opinion -I apologize----It’s great -I believe-----I afraid------*Suggestions: -‫القتراح‬ *Agreement: -‫الموافقة‬ -Why don’t you----? -Let’s------Ok, -I agree -sure -How about--------? -What about-------? -No problem -that’s right. *Disagreement: - ‫عدم الموافقة‬ *Expressing sympathy ‫العطف‬ -I don’t agree -I don’t think so -Oh, -----Not really *Imperative )command(: -‫المر‬ *Expressing like/ dislike ‫الرغبة او عدم‬ -Open the door -What’s/ who’s you favorite? *Condition ‫الشرطية‬ -Do you like----? I dislike-----If \ unless *Contrast )concession( ‫التناقض‬ *causes ‫السببية‬ -Although-inspite of-despite-but -because-since-as-accordingly -Nevertheless- however-yet-still -because of- due to-for -On the other hand *instruction ‫الرشاد‬ *Probability -follow-firstly-obey -(Possible-probable-definite-likely-unlikely) *Apply for the job -)Probably-possibly-definitely) -may-might. -apply for the post. Complaining: -‫الشكوى‬ -That’s the trouble -I regret -there is fly in my soup *Preference: - ‫التفضيل‬ -I prefer--- -I’d prefer---I’d rather *Asking help: -‫المساعدة‬ -Can I help you? -Can you give me a hand? *Asking about quantity: -‫الكميات‬ -How much / many--------? *Comparisons ‫المقارنة‬ ----Adj + er / More –less +Adj ------Adj + est / Most –least +Adj ---(as---as) (similar to-same as- like) -different from * Result -So-hence-therefore-consequently * request ‫الطلب‬ -would-could +---------, please? -Can-may-might *Asking for information ---send me details--

Unit )1( 1-Badge: - Brooch awarded \ a design on apiece of cloth 2-Enterprise: - courage and ability. 3-Potential: - the abilities you are capable. 4–Participate: - take part in something 5–Reservoir: - a store of water 6- design: - plan something for a particular purpose. 7-Primary: - main\ connected with the first 8-assesment: Judgment 9-Award: Prize 10:challenge: compete or improve yourself. 11-Pitch: place where ball game. 12-Mental: mind or thinking 13-Fitness: health and strength 14-mixer: person who well with others. 15-Dynamic: energy and activity 16-Concern: care 17-Voluntry: done free. Unit )2( 1-dedication: - devotion 2-disposition: - personality or character. 3-abdicate: - give up the throne. 4-assassinate: - murder for political reasons. 5-Testimony: -proof of worth of someone. 6-instil: -give strong idea. 7-resolute: -fixed in determination. 8-rear: -bring up 9-selfless: -unselfish. 10-outstanding: - out of ordinary. 11-gracs: -added beauty to something. 12-betroth: - promise in marriage. 13-base: foundation 14-fortitude: strength 15-facilities: equipment or building provided for a particular purpose. 16-Mentor: advisor 17-Poise: calm 18-proclaim: announce 19-vision: see 20-witness: see something happen 21-charitable: helping people 22-endowed with: having certain quality 23-fomative: having influence on development 24-honorary: honour 25-integral: essential 26-preferential: better than 27-reliable: trusted 28-selfless: thinking for others. Unit )4( 1-asset: -useful. 2-Complexion: -the appearance of personal skin. 3-wordrobe: -cupboard for cloth. 4-Vague: -not clear. 5-competent: -efficient and capable. 6-affectionate: -loving 7-grant: money given to a student to help 8-hostel: a building where alive 9-alert: give attention 10-close: strongly connected Unit )7( 1-Arrest: -catch. 2-gang: -group 3-marksmen: -expert at shooting. 4-spotlight: -strong light 5-tolerant: -accepting 6-upset: -shocked 7-aggressive: -angry and violent. 8-rifle: -gun 9-outrage: -event causes shock 10-handcuffed: -rings locked around the twist 11-yell: -shout. 12- Mould: -given shape Unit )8( 1-cargo: -load. 2-gaint: -very large 3-hoax: -trick 4-dump: -throw away. 5-orginate: -come from 6-impound: -lock something up. 7-zoologist: -who studies a animals 8-monstrous: - large and ugly. Unit )10( 1-disguise: -hide yourself 2- encounter: -meeting 3-prey: - animal that is hunted by another 4-temtation: -like it 5-bait: -food that attract fish 6-isolated: -a long way from anywhere. 7-reef: -a line of rock 8-flipper: -rubber worn on the feet. 9-shallow: -not deep 10-plot: -map out. 11-ecosystem: plant and animals live in environment Unit )13( 1-banns: -announcement of marriage 2-bridesmaid: -friend of bride who helps her. 3-afford: -have enough money. 4-negotiation: -discussion between people leading to agreement. 5-register: -record of marriage. 6-mark: - show important event. 7-seal: -promise, agree. 8-customary: -traditional. 9-embroided: -sewn with pattern. 10-forthcoming: -happen 11- Traditionally: customs and beliefs 12-ritual:happen on a particular occasion. 13-observe:obey or follow 14-horoscope:a chart draw up to foretell someone’s future. 15-Compatible: suited. 16-tablesa stone with word on it. 17-compensate: give something in return 18-dragon: imaginary animal that breathes fire 19-phoenix: imaginary bird 20-offering: something given as a sacrifice. Unit )14( 1-cable: -bundle of wire 2-terminal: -computer receives information from outside. 3-unplucg: - take plug out 4-analogue: -using varying electrical signal. 5-cautious: -careful 6-covenient: -useful and suitable. 7-fierce: -strong, intense. 8-vocal: -voice. 9-broadband: -carrying a large amount of information at the same time 10-globle: the whole world 11-corporation: a large business 12-recipient: a person who receives something 1- Get back =Return / recover 2- Live on =be remember. 3- Give up =Stop / avoid/ leave. 4-Pass by=-Go past 5-Get by = Manage 6- Pop out = Go out for a short white. 7- Set out = Begin / start. 8- Talk through 20002 ‫ = علمي معاد‬Discuss 9- Get out of =Avoid 10-Get into\ across =Explain 11- Get through = Finish / complete 12-Get over. 2003 ‫ = علمي‬Avoid / recover 13-Set up = Establish / build 14-Turn into = Become / change into 15-Call on. 20002 ‫ = علمي معاد‬Visit 16-Call --- for. 2003 ‫ = صناعي‬Ask / invite 17-Gain approval= Agree 18-Loud and clear= Express opinion carefully 19-Get up=Get out of bed. 20-Put in =Add 21-Get on with something 2002 ‫ = علمي‬Continue. 22-Take to 2003 ‫ =صناعي و علمي‬Like 23-Get on with someone = be friendly / enjoy---. 24-Look on = Look at / consider 25-Come from = Organize 26-Seized upon = Show great interest / useful to 27-On your mind = Keep / in my opinion 28-Profit-motivated= Gain 29-Close \ keep------off =Take---away 30-On hand=Available 31-Chop off = Cut 32-Fill up= Put thing in----33-Blocked off. 2003 ‫ = صناعي‬Put-----across----stop / closed 34-Hand down = Leave something 35-Newly-weds= Recently married 36-Close off to= Not allow. 37-Well build= Strong body. 38-Get ---- down 20002 ‫ =علمي معاد‬Disappoint / feel bad 39-Get down= Come down. 40-Accordingly = for this reason. 41- made of = Think about 42-In advance 2002 ‫ =علمي‬Before/ head 43-Mark out.2003 ‫ = صناعي‬Painting line / draw 44-Struck a profound note of sorrow = Cause deep sadness

45-Push your self to the limit = Do your best, do your impossible. 46-Passed away 2002 ‫ = علمي‬Died 47-Give----away= Hand 48-With regard to 2003 ‫ =علمي معاد 20002- علمي‬concerning / connection with
49-Bearing in mind= Understand / remember. 50-Go too far = can’t be tolerated / over limit 51-Come forward=Show yourself

52-Keep in touch 2002 ‫ =علمي‬Contact / call 56-Fund-raising= Getting money. 57-Scuba-diving= Type of dive 58-Set---ahead of = In the first step. 59-Foe a while= for a short period 60-A strong as horse= Strong 61-School of 20002 ‫ =علمي معاد‬Group 62-Have no hesitation= Sure / firm opinion 63-Large scale= Large. 64-Hard evidence= Clear / strong proof 65-Lend a helping hand= Useful / help 66-Play with fire= Dangerous. 67-Supply and demand= Give and get or take 68-Plead guilty= Agree / confess 69-By chance= by accident
70-Over board= on the ship 71-Come to the fore=on the spot/ ahead 72-Church service= Religious ceremony

73-Ago-between= Massage between people-74-Hen-party= Party for the bride’s friends. 75- Key benefit=Important 76-Stage party= Party for the groom’s friends 77-Fast lane= Road where cars move with high speed 78-Provide with 2002 ‫ =صناعي 3002- علمي‬Give 79-Career break= A period of time to leave a working. 80-Self-image= Do it / opinion of yourself 81-Get together= Socially / become friend

Unit )1( 1-Badge: - Brooch awarded \ a design on apiece of cloth 2-Enterprise: - courage and ability. 3-Potential: - the abilities you are capable. 4–Participate: - take part in something 5–Reservoir: - a store of water 6- design: - plan something for a particular purpose. 7-Primary: - main\ connected with the first 8-assesment: Judgment 9-Award: Prize 10:challenge: compete or improve yourself. 11-Pitch: place where ball game. 12-Mental: mind or thinking 13-Fitness: health and strength 14-mixer: person who well with others. 15-Dynamic: energy and activity 16-Concern: care 17Voluntry: done free. Unit )2( 1-dedication: - devotion 2-disposition: - personality or character. 3-abdicate: - give up the throne. 4-assassinate: - murder for political reasons. 5-Testimony: -proof of worth of someone. 6-instil: -give strong idea. 7-resolute: -fixed in determination. 8-rear: -bring up 9-selfless: -unselfish. 10-outstanding: - out of ordinary. 11-gracs: -added beauty to something. 12-betroth: - promise in marriage. 13-base: foundation 14-fortitude: strength 15-facilities: equipment or building provided for a particular purpose. 16-Mentor: advisor 17-Poise: calm 18-proclaim: announce 19-vision: see 20-witness: see something happen 21-charitable: helping people 22-endowed with: having certain quality 23-fomative: having influence on development 24-honorary: honor 25-integral: essential 26preferential: better than 27-reliable: trusted 28-selfless: thinking for others. Unit )4( 1-asset: -useful. 2-Complexion: -the appearance of personal skin. 3-wordrobe: -cupboard for cloth. 4-Vague: -not clear. 5-competent: -efficient and capable. 6-affectionate: -loving 7-grant: money given to a student to help 8-hostel: a building where alive 9-alert: give attention 10-close: strongly connected Unit )7( 1-Arrest: -catch. 2-gang: -group 3-marksmen: -expert at shooting. 4-spotlight: -strong light 5-tolerant: -accepting 6-upset: -shocked 7-aggressive: -angry and violent. 8-rifle: -gun 9-outrage: -event causes shock 10-handcuffed: -rings locked around the twist 11-yell: -shout. 12- Mould: -given shape Unit )10( 1-disguise: -hide yourself 2- encounter: -meeting 3-prey: animal that is hunted by another 4-temtation: -like it 5-bait: -food that attract fish 6-isolated: -a long way from anywhere. 7-reef: -a line of rock 8-flipper: -rubber worn on the feet. 9-shallow: -not deep 10-plot: -map out. 11ecosystem: plant and animals live in environment Unit )13( 1-banns: -announcement of marriage 2-bridesmaid: -friend of bride who helps her. 3-afford: -have enough money. 4-negotiation: -discussion between people leading to agreement. 5-register: -record of marriage. 6mark: - show important event.

7-seal: -promise, agree. 8-customary: -traditional. 9-embroided: -sewn with pattern. 10-forthcoming: -happen 11- Traditionally: customs and beliefs 12-ritual:happen on a particular occasion. 13-observe:obey or follow 14-horoscope:a chart draw up to foretell someone’s future. 15-Compatible: suited. 16tablesa stone with word on it. 17-compensate: give something in return 18-dragon: imaginary animal that breathes fire 19-phoenix: imaginary bird 20-offering: something given as a sacrifice. Unit )14( 1-cable: -bundle of wire 2-terminal: -computer receives information from outside. 3-unplucg: - take plug out 4-analogue: -using varying electrical signal. 5cautious: -careful 6-covenient: -useful and suitable. 7-fierce: -strong, intense. 8-vocal: -voice. 9-broadband: -carrying a large amount of information at the same time 10-globle: the whole world 11-corporation: a large business 12-recipient: a person who receives something Phrase verbs 1- Get back =Return / recover 2- Live on =be remember. 3- Give up =Stop / avoid/ leave. 4-Pass by=-Go past 5-Get by = Manage 6- Pop out = Go out for a short white. 7- Set out = Begin / start. 8- Talk through = Discuss 9- Get out of =Avoid 10-Get into\ across =Explain 11- Get through = Finish / complete 12-Get over. = Avoid / recover 13-Set up = Establish / build 14-Turn into = Become / change into 15-Call on. = Visit 16-Call --- for. = Ask / invite 17-Gain approval= Agree 18Loud and clear= Express opinion carefully 19-Get up=Get out of bed. 20-Put in =Add 21-Get on with something = Continue. 22-Take to = Like 23-Get on with someone = be friendly / enjoy---. 24-Look on = Look at / consider 25-Come from = Organize 26-Seized upon = Show great interest / useful to 27-On your mind = Keep / in my opinion 28-Profit-motivated= Gain 29-Close \ keep------off =Take---away 30-On hand=Available 31-Chop off = Cut 32-Fill up= Put thing in----33-Blocked off. = Put-----across----stop / closed 34-Hand down = Leave something 35-Newly-weds= Recently married 36-Close off to= Not allow. 37-Well build= Strong body. 38Get ---- down = Disappoint / feel bad 39-Get down= Come down. 40-Accordingly = for this reason. 41- made of = Think about 42-In advance= = Before/ head 43-Mark out. = Painting line / draw 44-Struck a profound note of sorrow = Cause deep sadness 45-Push your self to the limit = Do your best, do your impossible. 46-Passed away = Died 47-Give----away= Hand 48-With regard to = concerning / connection with

49-Bearing in mind= Understand / remember. 50-Go too far = can’t be tolerated / over limit 51-Come forward=Show yourself 52-Keep in touch = Contact / call 56-Fund-raising= Getting money. 57-Scuba-diving= Type of dive 58-Set---ahead of = In the first step. 59-Foe a while= for a short period 60-A strong as horse= Strong 61-School of = Group 62-Have no hesitation= Sure / firm opinion 63-Large scale= Large. 64-Hard evidence= Clear / strong proof 65-Lend a helping hand= Useful / help 66-Play with fire= Dangerous. 67-Supply and demand= Give and get or take 68-Plead guilty= Agree / confess 69-By chance= by accident 70-Over board= on the ship 71-Come to the fore=on the spot/ ahead 72-Church service= Religious ceremony 73-Ago-between= Massage between people-74-Hen-party= Party for the bride’s friends. 75- Key benefit=Important 76-Stage party= Party for the groom’s friends 77-Fast lane= Road where cars move with high speed 78-Provide with= Give 79-Career break= A period of time to leave a working. 80-Self-image= Do it / o Unit )1( 1-Badge: - Brooch \ a design of cloth 2-Enterprise: - courage 3-Potential: - abilities . 4–Participate: - take part 5–Reservoir: - a store of water 6- design: - plan something 7-Primary: - main 8-assesment: Judgment 9-Award: Prize 10:challenge: compete 11-Pitch: place where ball game. 12-Mental: thinking 13-Fitness: health and strength 14-mixer: person who well with others. 15-Dynamic: energy 16-Concern: care 17-Voluntry: done free. Unit )2( 1-dedication: - devotion 2-disposition: - personality or character. 3-abdicate: - give up the throne. 4-assassinate: - murder for political reasons. 5-Testimony: -proof of worth of someone. 6-instil: -give strong idea. 7-resolute: -fixed in determination. 8-rear: -bring up 9-selfless: -unselfish. 10-outstanding: - out of ordinary. 11-gracs: -added beauty to something. 12-betroth: - promise in marriage. 13-base: foundation 14-fortitude: strength 15-facilities: equipment or building provided for a particular purpose. 16-Mentor: advisor 17-Poise: calm 18-proclaim: announce 19-vision: see 20-witness: see something happen 21-charitable: helping people 22-endowed with: having certain quality 23-fomative: having influence on development 24-honorary: honor 25-integral: essential 26preferential: better than 27-reliable: trusted 28-selfless: thinking for others. Unit )3( 1-Curriculum vita:-personal details 2-demand:what has to be done 3-grade:mark 4-investment:something is used in future 5-post:job 6-undergraduate:student at university 7-coach:teach sport 8-enclose:include with 9-graduate:university degree 10-relate:tell 11-relax:lazy way 12-trust:ensure 13-wish:hope 14-alternative:instead of 15-broad:wide 16-intensive:deep 17-necessary:needed 18-extremely 19-favourably:

Unit )7( 1-Arrest: -catch. 2-gang: -group 3-marksmen: -expert at shooting. 4-spotlight: -strong light 5-tolerant: -accepting 6-upset: -shocked 7-aggressive: -angry and violent. 8-rifle: -gun 11-yell: -shout 9-outrage: -event causes shock 10-handcuffed: -rings locked around the twist . Unit )10( 1-disguise: -hide yourself 2- encounter: -meeting 3-prey: animal that is hunted by another 4-temtation: -like it 5-bait: -food that attract fish 6-isolated: -a long way from anywhere. 7-reef: -a line of rock 8-flipper: -rubber worn on the feet. 9-shallow: -not deep 10-plot: -map out. 11system: plant and animals live in environment Unit )14( 1-cable: -bundle of wire 2-terminal: -computer receives information from outside. 3-unplucg: - take plug out 4-analogue: -using varying electrical signal. 5cautious: -careful 6-covenient: -useful and suitable. 7-fierce: -strong, intense. 8-vocal: -voice. 9-broadband: -carrying a large amount of information at the same time 10-globle: the whole world 11-corporation: a large business 12-recipient: a person who receives something
Verbs
1-Live on. 2-Give up. 3-Pop out 4Turn into 5Call on. 20002 ‫علمي معاد‬ 6Call --- for. 2003 ‫صناعي‬ 7- Put in. 8Look on. 21-Come from. 22-Seized upon 23-On your mind 24-Close------off. 25-On hand. 26-Blocked off. 2003 ‫صناعي‬ 28-Fill up. 30-Close off to 35- Made of 36-Mark out.2003 ‫صناعي‬ 37-Struck a profound note of sorrow 38-Push your self to the limit 39-Passed away 2002 ‫علمي‬ 41-With regard to . 2003 ‫علمي معاد 20002- علمي‬ 44-Keep in touch 2002 ‫علمي‬ 45-Fund-raising 46-Scuba-diving 47-Set---ahead of 48-For a while 50-School of 20002 ‫علمي معاد‬ 54-Lend a helping hand 56-Play with fire 57-Plead guilty. 60-Come to the fore. 66-Fast lane 67-In advance 2002 ‫علمي‬ 69- Key benefit 70-Loud and clear

Meaning
-Be remember -Stop / avoid/ leave - Go out for a short white. -Become / change into - Visit - Ask / invite -Add -Look at / consider -Organize -Show great interest / useful to -Keep / in my opinion. -Take---away. -Available -Put-----across----stop / closed -Put thing in-----Not allow -Think about -Painting line / draw -Cause deep sadness - Do your best, do your impossible - Died -Concerning / connection with - Can’t be tolerated / over limit -Getting money. -Type of dive -In the first step -For a short period -Group -Useful / help. -Dangerous. -Agree / confess. -On the spot/ ahead -Road where cars move with high speed -Before--/ ahead - Important. -Express opinion carefully

71-Profit-motivated 73-Self-image 75-Keep----off. 76-Take to 2003 ‫صناعي و علمي‬ 78-Pass by 79-Provide with 2002 ‫صناعي 3002- علمي‬

-Gain -Do it / opinion of yourself -Take---away. -Like -Go past -Give

) d (‫ ) ول تنتهي بـــ‬ee ( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في وسطها‬ ‫الفعال التي تبقى كما هي في جميع تصاريفها‬ ‫ ) في كل تصاريفها‬t ( ‫ ) ونضع في آخر الكلمة حرف‬e ( ‫تحذف منها‬ Cut \ cut \ cut Feel \ felt \ felt Cost \ cost \ cost .Meet \ met \ met Bet \ bet \ bet Hurt \ hurt \ hurt ) I( ‫ ) تتحول‬ind ( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في نهايتها‬ Let \ let \ let ‫) في كل تصاريفها‬ou ( ‫الى‬ Hit \ hit \ hit Read / read / read Find \ found \ found Grind \ ground \ ground. Put / put / putd ( (‫ ) و تنتهي بـــ‬ee ( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في وسطها‬ ‫) الى‬I ( ‫) تتحول‬ing -ink( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في نهايتها‬ ‫ ) في كل تصاريفها‬e( ‫تحذف منها‬ ‫ ) في التصريف الثالث‬u( ‫) ) في التصريف الثاني و‬a Sing \ sang \ sung. Bleed \ bled \ bled Feed \ fed \ fed. Ring \ rang \ rung. Sink \ sank \ sunk .Drink \ drank \ drunkRun \ ran \ run ew( ( ‫ ) تتحول‬ow \ aw ( ‫فعال التي تحتوي في نهايتها‬ Begin \ began \ begun Know \ knew ‫ ) في التصريف الثالث‬own ( ‫في التصريف الثاني و‬ Swim \ swam \ swum \ known ought( Grow \ grew \ grown ( ‫الفعال التالية تاخذ في كل تصاريفها‬ Draw \ drew \ drown Buy \ bought \ bought Seek \ sought\ sought. Throw \ threw \ thrownShow \ showed \ showed -Think \ thought \ thought. Fight \ fought \ fought Bring \ brought \ brought ea( ‫الفعال التي تحتوي في وسطها‬ ‫تتحول الى النمط التالي‬ Teach \ taught \ taught. (aught( ‫الفعال التالية تاخذ في كل تصاريفها‬ .-Catch \ caught \ caught Learn \ learnt \ learnt Deal \ dealt \ dealt Mean \ meant \ meant Speak \ spoke \ spoken ‫الفعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬ Break \ broke \ broken. Sell \ sold \ sold Bear \ bore \ born Tell \ told \ told Steal \ stole \ stolen Understand \ understood \ understood Pay \ paid \ paid Tear \ tore \ torn Wear \ wore \ worn Lay \ laid \ laid Shine \ shone \ shone Lie \ lay \ lain Choose /chose / chosen Say \ said \ said ‫افعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬ ‫لفعال التي تتحول الى النمط التالي‬ Drive \ drove \ driven. Build \ built\ built Write \ wrote \ written. Burn \ burnt \ burnt Hear \ heard \ heard Lend \ lent \ lent See \ saw \ seen Hide \ hid \ hidden Spend \ spent \ spent Leave \ left \ left Fall \ fell \ fallen ride/rode /ridden

give \ gave \ given Come \ came \ come .Make \ made \ made Wake \ woke \ woken -Sit \ sat \ sat. -Beat \ bet \beaten -Do \ did \ done. Eat \ ate \ eaten Take \ took \ taken Lose \ lost \ lost Go \ went \ gone. Spell \ spelt \ spelt have\ had \ had. -Light \ lit \ lit. -Win \ won \ won -get / got /got

Look at the following information and write a 5 sentences paragraph about Jordan. Country / capital: Jordan / Amman Area \ Population: 96000 KM \ about 5 million King: Abdullah 2 Language \ Official religion: Arabic \ Islam Exports: Phosphate, fruit and vegetables. People: Hospitable, generous, kind, helpful. *The country is Jordan and the capital’s is Amman, and the area of its is about 96000 KM which has Population about 5 million. *The name’s king of Jordan is Abdullah 2, and people have hospitality and generous about others people. *Jordan exports many things likes: Phosphate, fruit and vegetables. *The main Language is Arabic, and the official religion is Islamic. Comparing between them Brand Polaroid Toshiba G.E Canon price 18 16 20 39 Guarantee 1 year 9 months 24 months 6 months size(in m³) 340cc 200 cc 180 cc 450 cc reliability 2 3 4 5 weight 530 g 600 g 575 g 623 g

-Canon is the most expensive of all brands but guarantee for 6 months, and weight is about 623 g. -G.E is more expensive than Toshiba, and a G.E guarantee is more than Toshiba, and Toshiba’s weight is 600g. - Toshiba is more expensive than Polaroid, but Polaroid guarantee is more than Toshiba. - Toshiba is the cheapest of all brands.

*Look at the table below which compares and contrast two cars Features to compare Lancer -Country of origin -Japan -Cost -JD 3000 -Maximum speed (miles\hours) -100 -Petrol consumption (miles/ gallon) 30 -Number of seats -2 -Number of doors -2

Mercedes 200 -Germany -JD 5500 -100 -20 -2 -4

- Mercedes 200 was made in Germany is more expensive than Lancer was made in Japan, but Petrol consumption of Lancer is more than Petrol consumption of Mercedes 200. - Maximum speed (miles\hours) of Lancer and seats is similar to Maximum speed (miles\hours) and seats of Mercedes 200.

Vitamins

source

function

deficiency

A

fish , oil, liver fresh Vegetables and eggs

important for health of skin and hair

lead to dry hair and skin disease

B

milk, chicken, tomatoes and leafy vegetables citrus fruits

convert blood sugar to energy and important for brain and digestion helps prevent cold, promotes healthy bone growth

nervous symptoms, dizziness and muscular weakness lead to brittle bones wounds may also take longer to heal.

C

L-Use the given information to write a five-sentence paragraph about a famous personality: -

-Name -Date -Birthplace -Childhood -Career -Reason for fame

-Charles Dickens -1812-1870 - near Portsmouth, England -Eldest son of John Dickens, an office clerk. Father lost job, went to prison for debts Charles had to work and live alone at age 12. -At 15, became office boy. In 1835, became reporter. In 1836 started writing stories. became very successful. During rest of life, traveled a lot in America and Europe. -style goes in and out of fashion but his stories are still of universal interest.

L-Use the given information to write a five-sentence paragraph about a famous personality:)

-Name -Date -Birthplace -Childhood -Career -Reason for fame

-King Hussien -1935-2000 - Amman -Eldest son of king Talal, poor health forced king Talal to abdicate, so Queen Zien remained her son’s mentor and his most trusted advisor -At 15, became king of Jordan. Many great achievements were achieved especially in the field of peace, we get back our land and stolen water and also lived peacefully after many decades of violence -peacfull man, supported poor people, and orphan’s child, love from all Jordinian people.

*** make conservation for the following: 1-student A: - you are a shop assistant working in a sports store make a short list of the articles you sell (tennis rackets ,footballs.) and the prices you charge for them your partner is a customer Answer his /her questions. 2- student B: - you are a customer in a sports store. Think about what articles (tennis rackets, footballs, etc.) you can see there. Your partner is a shop assistant. Ask him her (politely) if he / she sells the articles, and how much they cost A: Hallow, How are you? B: Hallow, I’m fine. A: can I help you? B: yes, I want to buy football. A: which color? B: white and black. A: please, you can take it. B: how much? A: It's on sale for $1.88 B: because it is very cheap and strong studying.
N-You are going to write a report describing the results of your investigation into the relationship between air pollution, traffic
congestion and asthma. With your partner, talk about what you are going to write. Here are some ideas: -

Introduction: Explain about the problem and what you hope to show. Method: Say what data was collected and how it was presented. Results: Describe the graphs. Discussion: Talk about the relationships between the graphs. Conclusion: What general statements and recommendations can you make?

Question number seven

Use the information in the two graphs to compare between of two companies. a five –sentence paragraph about exports of fruit product in Jordan. WEST COMPANY 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 10% ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

-These graphs show the production of fruit in Jordan between the years 1999 and 2003:
-In 1999 the exports of fruit were nearly 20%, but the exports of fruit were nearly 80% in 2000. -In 2001 the exports of fruit were the lowest point but in 2002 they were increased about 40%. -In 2003 the exports of fruit were the highest point about nearly 100%.

‫ الوظيفة‬Function
*Obligation: -‫اللزام‬ *Advice ‫النصيحة‬ -(Must- have to- has to) -(Should- had better- ought to-need) *Giving opinion: -‫الراي‬ -If I were you, I would study hard. -Do you----------I can’t stand----*Apologizing: - ‫العتذار‬ -How about you? -Do you think so? -I’m sorry----I think------in my opinion -I apologize----It’s great -I believe-----I afraid------*Suggestions: -‫القتراح‬ *Agreement: -‫الموافقة‬ -Why don’t you----? -Let’s------Ok, -I agree -sure -How about--------? -What about-------? -No problem -that’s right. *Disagreement: - ‫عدم الموافقة‬ *Expressing sympathy ‫العطف‬ -I don’t agree -I don’t think so -Oh, -----Not really *Imperative )command(: -‫المر‬ *Expressing like/ dislike ‫الرغبة او عدم‬ -Open the door -What’s/ who’s you favorite? *Condition ‫الشرطية‬ -Do you like----? I dislike-----If \ unless *Contrast )concession( ‫التناقض‬ *causes ‫السببية‬ -Although-inspite of-despite-but -because-since-as-accordingly -Nevertheless- however-yet-still -because of- due to-for -On the other hand *instruction ‫الرشاد‬ *Probability -follow-firstly-obey -(Possible-probable-definite-likely-unlikely) *Apply for the job -)Probably-possibly-definitely) -may-might. -apply for the post. Complaining: -‫الشكوى‬ -That’s the trouble -I regret -there is fly in my soup *Preference: - ‫التفضيل‬ -I prefer--- -I’d prefer---I’d rather *Asking help: -‫المساعدة‬ -Can I help you? -Can you give me a hand? *Asking about quantity: -‫الكميات‬ -How much / many--------? *Comparisons ‫المقارنة‬ ----Adj + er / More –less +Adj ------Adj + est / Most –least +Adj ---(as---as) (similar to-same as- like) -different from * Result -So-hence-therefore-consequently * request ‫الطلب‬ -would-could +---------, please? -Can-may-might *Asking for information ---send me details--

Verbs
1-Live on.

Meaning
-Be remember

2-Give up. 3-Pop out 4Turn into 5Call on. 20002 ‫علمي معاد‬ 6Call --- for. 2003 ‫صناعي‬ 7- Put in. 8Look on. 21-Come from. 22-Seized upon 23-On your mind 24-Close------off. 25-On hand. 26-Blocked off. 2003 ‫صناعي‬ 28-Fill up. 30-Close off to 35- Made of 36-Mark out.2003 ‫صناعي‬ 37-Struck a profound note of sorrow 38-Push your self to the limit 39-Passed away 2002 ‫علمي‬ 41-With regard to . 2003 ‫علمي معاد 20002- علمي‬ 44-Keep in touch 2002 ‫علمي‬ 45-Fund-raising 46-Scuba-diving 47-Set---ahead of 48-For a while 50-School of 20002 ‫علمي معاد‬ 54-Lend a helping hand 56-Play with fire 57-Plead guilty. 60-Come to the fore. 66-Fast lane 67-In advance 2002 ‫علمي‬ 69- Key benefit 70-Loud and clear 71-Profit-motivated 73-Self-image 75-Keep----off. 76-Take to 2003 ‫صناعي و علمي‬ 78-Pass by 79-Provide with 2002 ‫صناعي 3002- علمي‬

-Stop / avoid/ leave - Go out for a short white. -Become / change into - Visit - Ask / invite -Add -Look at / consider -Organize -Show great interest / useful to -Keep / in my opinion. -Take---away. -Available -Put-----across----stop / closed -Put thing in-----Not allow -Think about -Painting line / draw -Cause deep sadness - Do your best, do your impossible - Died -Concerning / connection with - Can’t be tolerated / over limit -Getting money. -Type of dive -In the first step -For a short period -Group -Useful / help. -Dangerous. -Agree / confess. -On the spot/ ahead -Road where cars move with high speed -Before--/ ahead - Important. -Express opinion carefully -Gain -Do it / opinion of yourself -Take---away. -Like -Go past -Give

Look at the following information and write a 10 sentences paragraph about Jordan. Country / capital: Jordan / Amman Area: 96000 KM Population: about 5 million King: Abdullah 2 Language: Arabic Official religion: Islam Exports: Phosphate, fruit and vegetables. People: Hospitable, generous, kind, helpful. *The country is Jordan and the capital’s is Amman, and the area of its is about 96000 KM which has Population about 5 million. *The name’s king of Jordan is Abdullah 2, and people have hospitality and generous about others people. *Jordan exports many things likes: Phosphate, fruit and vegetables. *The main Language is Arabic, and the official religion is Islamic.

Comparing between them

Brand Polaroid Toshiba G.E Canon

price 18 16 20 39

Guarantee 1 year 9 months 24 months 6 months

size(in m³) 340cc 200 cc 180 cc 450 cc

reliability 2 3 4 5

weight 530 g 600 g 575 g 623 g

-Canon is the most expensive of all brands but guarantee for 6 months, and weight is about 623 g. -G.E is more expensive than Toshiba, and a G.E guarantee is more than Toshiba, and Toshiba’s weight is 600g. - Toshiba is more expensive than Polaroid, but Polaroid guarantee is more than Toshiba. - Toshiba is the cheapest of all brands.

*Look at the table below which compares and contrast two cars Features to compare Lancer -Country of origin -Japan -Cost -JD 3000 -Maximum speed (miles\hours) -100 -Petrol consumption (miles/ gallon) 30 -Number of seats -2 -Number of doors -2

Mercedes 200 -Germany -JD 5500 -100 -20 -2 -4

- Mercedes 200 was made in Germany is more expensive than Lancer was made in Japan, but Petrol consumption of Lancer is more than Petrol consumption of Mercedes 200. - Maximum speed (miles\hours) of Lancer and seats is similar to Maximum speed (miles\hours) and seats of Mercedes 200.

Vitamins

source

function

deficiency

A B

fish , oil, liver fresh Vegetables and eggs milk, chicken, tomatoes and leafy vegetables citrus fruits

important for health of skin and hair convert blood sugar to energy and important for brain and digestion helps prevent cold, promotes healthy bone growth

lead to dry hair and skin disease nervous symptoms, dizziness and muscular weakness lead to brittle bones wounds may also take longer to heal.

C

L-Use the given information to write a five-sentence paragraph about a famous personality: -

-Name -Date -Birthplace -Childhood -Career -Reason for fame

-Charles Dickens -1812-1870 - near Portsmouth, England -Eldest son of John Dickens, an office clerk. Father lost job, went to prison for debts Charles had to work and live alone at age 12. -At 15, became office boy. In 1835, became reporter. In 1836 started writing stories. became very successful. During rest of life, traveled a lot in America and Europe. -style goes in and out of fashion but his stories are still of universal interest.

L-Use the given information to write a five-sentence paragraph about a famous personality:)

-Name -Date -Birthplace

-King Hussien -1935-2000 - Amman

-Childhood -Career -Reason for fame

-Eldest son of king Talal, poor health forced king Talal to abdicate, so Queen Zien remained her son’s mentor and his most trusted advisor -At 15, became king of Jordan. Many great achievements were achieved especially in the field of peace, we get back our land and stolen water and also lived peacefully after many decades of violence -peacfull man, supported poor people, and orphan’s child, love from all Jordinian people.

*** make conservation for the following: 1-student A: - you are a shop assistant working in a sports store make a short list of the articles you sell (tennis rackets ,footballs.) and the prices you charge for them your partner is a customer Answer his /her questions. 2- student B: - you are a customer in a sports store. Think about what articles (tennis rackets, footballs, etc.) you can see there. Your partner is a shop assistant. Ask him her (politely) if he / she sells the articles, and how much they cost A: Hallow, How are you? B: Hallow, I’m fine. A: can I help you? B: yes, I want to buy football. A: which color? B: white and black. A: please, you can take it. B: how much? A: It's on sale for $1.88 B: because it is very cheap and strong studying.

N-You are going to write a report describing the results of your investigation into the relationship between air pollution, traffic
congestion and asthma. With your partner, talk about what you are going to write. Here are some ideas: -

Introduction: Explain about the problem and what you hope to show. Method: Say what data was collected and how it was presented. Results: Describe the graphs. Discussion: Talk about the relationships between the graphs. Conclusion: What general statements and recommendations can you make?

Question number seven Use the information in the two graphs to compare between of two companies. a five –sentence paragraph about exports of fruit product in Jordan. WEST COMPANY 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 10% ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

-These graphs show the production of fruit in Jordan between the years 1999 and 2003:
-In 1999 the exports of fruit were nearly 20%, but the exports of fruit were nearly 80% in 2000. -In 2001 the exports of fruit were the lowest point but in 2002 they were increased about 40%. -In 2003 the exports of fruit were the highest point about nearly 100%.

*Use the information given in the graph to write about the production of Phosphate In Jordan. 995

700 450 200 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 -This graph shows the production of wood in Jordan between 1990 and 1994.

*Use the given information to write about the "Anaconda -snake" -One of the largest in the world -length: 6 m \ weight: over 100 kg -color leather: green and brown. -where? In and around rivers -Food: small animals- Wraps itself around them- squeezed them to death. {The anaconda is one of the largest animals in the world. It is 6 meters long and weight more than 100 kg. It is green and brown color, and lived around rivers, it eats small animals. It kills preys by wrapping itself around them and squeezing them to death.} *Ali came back from Syria last week. He met his friend Ahmed at work. Ahmed: when did you come back? Ali: Last week. Ahmed: Which places did you visit? Ali: Damascus, Halab and Hims. Ahmed: What is the weather like? Ali: It is too cold. *Use the given piece of information to compare and tell the differences between Ali and Ahmed. Ali: Quiet, shy, likes music, physics, Maths and English. Ahmed: Noisy, full to fun, likes sports and games. Hates school subject

* Study the following two pairs of sentences:A-I am thinking of going to university B-my father thinks I should have an alternative plan. (Write down the sentence, which expresses verb of perception) A-my father has small farm. B-I was having a bath when he rang (Write down the sentence, which expresses relational verb)

A-I have read the book which I borrow from you yesterday. B-the book that consists huge paper is mine. (Write down the sentence which expresses reduced relative clauses) A-I will go to Amman. B-I am going to take medicine. (Write down the sentence, which expresses decision made previously) A-Ali is starting college in October. B-yesterday, he and his parents visited the college. -(Write down the sentence, which expresses that we are thinking of a particular college) -(Write down the sentence, which expresses that we are thinking of the institution or idea of college) A-the key with which we lock the door is lost. B-the key which we lock the door with is lost. (Write down the sentence, which expresses that informal relative clause) A-he had finished exam, before he went to market. B- he had finished exam, before going to market. (Write down the sentence, which expresses that complex sentence) A-please, let me go out. B-Ali will get out tomorrow. (Write down the sentence, which expresses that literal meaning) A-I remember playing tennis in Chicago. B-I remember to get money from bank. (Write down the sentence, which expresses that something happen in the past(have done)) A-When it begins to rain, I was going to school. B-When it began to rain, I had gone to school. (Write down the sentence, which indicates that I got wet) A-We took some children on a picnic. The children, who wanted to play football, ran to an open field as soon as we arrived at the park. B- We took some children on a picnic. The children who wanted to play football ran to an open field as soon as we arrived at the park. (Write down the sentence in which the relative clause identifies the sort of children we are taking about) A-Ali allowed the prisoners to purchase their freedom. B-Ali reassured him that he should take medicine. (Write down the sentence in which show the speaker is trying to influence the listener take this pattern) A-I will see you on Friday. B-I’ll be leaving school next year. (Write down the sentence, which indicates that something will happen as a matter of course) A-I was working with my father when I was in Amman. B-I work with my father in Amman. (Write down the sentence, which indicates that action is permanent) A-Ali helps the poor. B-Ali is helping the poor.

(Write down the sentence, which indicates that has habit of helping the poor) A-Ali isn’t as good as his friend. B-Ali is the same as his friend. (Write down the sentence, which expresses unequal comparison) A-My close friend called me last night. B-The hotel in which I stay is quite close. (Write down the sentence, which gives meaning of close as intimate ) A-If I made that mistake, I would apologize. B-If I had made that mistake, I would have apologized. ( Write down the sentence, which means I didn’t make that mistake) A-I’m trying to learn English. (make an effort) B-I tried turning on the fan but I was still hot. (Make an experiment) A-I am writing to you with regard to the post of science teacher. (Incomplete action) B-I took several courses in biology and Math’s. (Complete action) * on the provided line, write down the function that each of the following statements expresses 1-would you mind closing the window? 2- Please, leave the door of my room open 3-Ali is not as interest as Ahmed 4-I wish I had high grade in exam 5-I prefer driving a car to driving a bus. 6-he definitely get high salary in the company. 7-having drunk his tea, the guest wipes the rim of the bowl with his finger. 8-In spite of the high prices, my daughters insist on going to the movies every Saturday. 9-before playing football, he had made practice. 10-If the coat isn’t expensive, I will buy it. 11-it is a fact that career breaks are advantageous to women. 12-I would rather a pilot than a teacher. 13-I would be very grateful if you would send me a new catalogue. 14-I would appreciate it you would send me details of your product. 15-I would like to apple for the post of secretary. 16-I recently bought a pair of shoes from your store and I regret to say they were below standard. 17-If I were you, I would study hard. 18-You need to drink Vitamins regularly.. 19-This is your fault. 20- my father thinks I should have an alternative plan. 21- because she was unable to afford a car, she bought a bicycle. 22-Do you mind joining us to bed early? 23-What good news! 24-What’s about going to Aqaba? 25-I don’t agree about bad behaviors on street by careless boys. 26- No problem, I will do accept that your apologize. 27- Please pay the following companies by direct debit.

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