LTE Advanced

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LTE Advanced
LTE Advanced is a preliminary mobile communication standard, formally submitted as a candidate 4G system to ITU-T in late 2009, was approved into ITU, International Telecommunications Union, IMT-Advanced and expected to be finalized by 3GPP in early 2011.[1] It is standardized by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) as a major enhancement of the 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard.

Background
The LTE format was first proposed by NTT DoCoMo of Japan and has been adopted as the international standards.[2] LTE standardization has come to a mature state by now where changes in the specification are limited to corrections and bug fixes. The first commercial services were launched in Sweden and Norway in December 2009[3] followed by the United States and Japan in 2010. More first release LTE networks are expected to be deployed globally during 2010 as a natural evolution of several 2G and 3G systems, including Global system for mobile communications (GSM) and Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) (3GPP as well as 3GPP2). Being described as a 3.9G (beyond 3G but pre-4G) technology the first release LTE does not meet the requirements for 4G—also called IMT Advanced as defined by the International Telecommunication Union—such as peak data rates up to 1 Gbit/s. The ITU has invited the submission of candidate Radio Interface Technologies (RITs) following their requirements as mentioned in a circular letter. The work by 3GPP to define a 4G candidate radio interface technology started in Release 9 with the study phase for LTE-Advanced. The requirements for LTE-Advanced are defined in 3GPP Technical Report (TR) 36.913, "Requirements for Further Advancements for E-UTRA (LTE-Advanced)."[4] These requirements are based on the ITU requirements for 4G and on 3GPP operators’ own requirements for advancing LTE. Major technical considerations include the following: • Continual improvement to the LTE radio technology and architecture • Scenarios and performance requirements for interworking with legacy radio access technologies • Backward compatibility of LTE-Advanced with LTE. An LTE terminal should be able to work in an LTE-Advanced network and vice versa. Any exceptions will be considered by 3GPP. • Account taken of recent World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07) decisions regarding new IMT spectrum as well as existing frequency bands to ensure that LTE-Advanced geographically accommodates available spectrum for channel allocations above 20 MHz. Also, requirements must recognize those parts of the world in which wideband channels are not available. Likewise, 802.16m, 'WiMAX 2', has been approved by ITU into the IMT Advanced family. WiMAX 2 is designed to be backward compatible with WiMAX 1/1.5 devices. Most vendors now support ease of conversion of earlier 'pre-4G', pre-advanced versions and some support software defined upgrades of core base station equipment from 3G. The mobile communication industry and standardization organizations have therefore started to work on 4G access technologies such as LTE Advanced. At a workshop in April 2008 in China, 3GPP agreed the plans for future work on Long Term Evolution (LTE).[5] A first set of 3GPP requirements on LTE Advanced has been approved in June 2008.[6] Besides the peak data rate 1 Gbit/s that fully supports the 4G requirements as defined by the ITU-R, it also targets faster switching between power states and improved performance at the cell edge. Detailed proposals are being studied within the working groups.

LTE-Advanced provides almost 3.[9] . Example performance: 100MHz aggregated bandwidth. In the feasibility study for LTE Advanced. The next significant performance leap in wireless networks will come from making the most of topology. femtocells and new relay nodes. Self Organized Networks methodologies Multiple carrier spectrum access.LTE Advanced 2 Proposals The target of 3GPP LTE Advanced is to reach and surpass the ITU requirements. A summary of a study carried out in 3GPP can be found in TR36. Within the range of system development. LTE-Advanced and WiMAX 2. and should share frequency bands with first release LTE. Advanced network architectures combined with distributed and collaborative smart antenna technologies provide several years road map of commercial enhancements.912. In the research phase many proposals have been studied as candidates for LTE Advance technologies. measurement tied to network management and optimization Enhanced precoding and forward error correction Interference management and suppression Asymmetric bandwidth assignment for FDD Hybrid OFDMA and SC-FDMA in uplink UL/DL inter eNB coordinated MIMO SONs.912. and ensures user fairness. [7] One of the important LTE Advanced benefits is the ability to take advantage of advanced topology networks. The proposals could roughly be categorized into:[8] • Support for relay node base stations • Coordinated multipoint (CoMP) transmission and reception • UE Dual TX antenna solutions for SU-MIMO and diversity MIMO • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Scalable system bandwidth exceeding 20 MHz.3Gbit peak download rates per sector of the base station under ideal conditions. LTE Advanced should be compatible with first release LTE equipment. and brings the network closer to the user by adding many of these low power nodes — LTE Advanced further improves the capacity and coverage. The results of the study are published in 3GPP Technical Report (TR) 36. optimized heterogeneous networks with a mix of macrocells with low power nodes such as picocells. can use up to 8x8 MIMO and 128 QAM. LTE Advanced also introduces multicarrier to be able to use ultra wide bandwidth. Up to 100 MHz Carrier aggregation of contiguous and non-contiguous spectrum allocations Local area optimization of air interface Nomadic / Local Area network and mobility solutions Flexible spectrum usage Cognitive radio Automatic and autonomous network configuration and operation Support of autonomous network and device test. up to 100 MHz of spectrum supporting very high data rates. 3GPP determined that LTE Advanced would meet the ITU-R requirements for 4G.

org/ ftp/ Specs/ html-info/ 36912. Antti Toskala. 2008.[11] • In 2009. 2011. agilent. ITU global standard for international mobile telecommunications ´IMT-Advanced´ (http:/ / www. LTE Advanced Evolving LTE towards IMT-Advanced (http:/ / www. asahi. de/ home/ technology/ white-papers/ progress-on-lte-advanced---the-future-4g-standard) [9] 3GPP Technical Report: Feasibility study for Further Advancements for [[E-UTRA (http:/ / www.com/technology • Harri Holma. com/ books?id=uhr3KwSww2kC& pg=PA19& dq=LTE-advanced& hl=sv& cd=1#v=onepage& q=LTE-advanced& f=false [15] http:/ / books. which was frozen in March 2011. Chapter 8. Major vendors support software upgrades to final versions and ongoing improvements. nomor. Technology Demonstrations • In February 2007 NTT DoCoMo announced the completion of a 4G trial where it achieved a maximum packet transmission rate of approximately 5 Gbit/s in the downlink using 100 MHz frequency bandwidth to a mobile station moving at 10 km/h. html) [3] TeliaSonera first in the world with 4G services (http:/ / www. com/ english/ TKY201101030115. 3gpp. Agilent Technologies demonstrated the industry's first test solutions for LTE-Advanced with both signal generation and signal analysis solutions. LTE and the Evolution to 4G Wireless: Design and Measurement Challenges. Agilent Technologies Publication 2009. rohde-schwarz. John Wiley & Sons 2009. [13] References • Qualcomm: http://qualcomm. China (http:/ / www. ISBN 978-0-470-99401-6 Chapter 2. ericsson. htm)] (LTE Advanced)] [10] SA-51 Highlights (http:/ / 3gpp. Mogensen. itu. 3gpp. [8] Nomor Research: White Paper on LTE Advanced (http:/ / www. Rohde & Schwarz launched the CMW500 Wideband Communication Tester [12] • In February 2011 at Mobile World Congress. VTC 2008-Fall. html) [14] http:/ / books. Vehicular Technology Conference. com/ about/ newsroom/ presrel/ 2011/ 02feb-em11015. org/ ftp/ Specs/ html-info/ 36913. 2011.6: LTE Advanced for IMT-advanced [14].. com/ res/ thecompany/ docs/ journal_conference_papers/ wireless_access/ VTC08F_jading. htm) [6] 3GPP specification: Requirements for further advancements for E-UTRA (LTE Advanced) (http:/ / www. 6 . March 8. agilent. Analysis Solutions (http:/ / www. page 425 • Preben E. com/ media/ press-releases/ 2009/ 12/ teliasonera-first-in-the-world-with-4g-services) [4] "Requirements for further advancements for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) (LTE-Advanced)" (http:/ / www. Anders Furuskär et al. Robert Syputa.LTE Advanced 3 Timeframe Standardization work was done in 3GPP Release 10. com/ litweb/ pdf/ 5990-6706EN. Footnotes [1] Stefan Parkvall.LTE Advanced: The Path towards Gigabit/s in Wireless Mobile Communications [16]. org/ ftp/ Specs/ html-info/ 36913. Ericsson.OFDMA and SC-FDMA Based Radio Access. html). Introducing LTE-Advanced. pg. pdf). pdf). page 19-21. 2008 Page(s):1 . Pedersen 1. htm) [5] Beyond 3G: “LTE Advanced” Workshop. google. int/ ITU-R/ information/ promotion/ e-flash/ 2/ article4. Nokia Siemens Networks. org/ SA-51-Highlights) [11] NTT DoCoMo Achieves World's First 5 Gbit/s Packet Transmission in 4G Field Experiment (http:/ / www. 3gpp. literature. htm) [7] Agilent (http:/ / cp. 3gpp. ISBN 978-0-470-68261-6. • Moray Rumney (editor). Wireless VITAE'09. google. org/ news/ 2008_04_LTE_A. Shenzhen. nttdocomo. et al. IEEE 68th 21-24 Sept. com/ product/ cmw500. Maravedis. Erik Dahlman. com/ pr/ 2007/ 001319. com/ books?id=boePyryvxRAC& pg=PT443& dq=LTE-advanced& hl=sv& cd=4#v=onepage& q=LTE-advanced& f=false .[10] Trials have taken place based on pre-release equipment.7: Proving LTE Advanced [15]. teliasonera. LTE for UMTS . html) [12] http:/ / www2. html [13] Agilent Technologies Introduces Industry's First LTE-Advanced Signal Generation. accessed July 28. Klaus I. [2] Faster cell phone services planned (http:/ / www.5. Tommi Koivisto.

Application Note ._Spectrum. technical papers.6/Regulation.3gpp.html) page on Qualcomm site • 3GPP Official 3GPP Standardisation Page on LTE Advanced (http://www.31/ ITU-R_Confers_IMT-Advanced_(4G)_Status_to_3GPP_LTE.radio-electronics. det. application notes) • ITU-R Confers IMT-Advanced (4G) Status to 3GPP LTE (http://lteportal.php) • Future use of LTE A femtocells (http://www.org/article/lte-advanced) • LTE Advanced overview (http://www. dedicated portal created for information sharing.lteportal.LTE Advanced [16] ftp:/ / lenst.ict-befemto. May and November 2010 publications are now available • Introducing LTE-Advanced (http://cp. and networking Resources (White papers.com/products_services/airlinks/lte_advanced.com/MediaChannel/Articles/ LTE__LTE-Advanced.1735?2) – LTE Advanced is officially 4G!] • The LTE / LTE Advanced Guide (http://lteportal.com/litweb/pdf/5990-6706EN. unifi.com/info/cellulartelecomms/lte-long-term-evolution/ 3gpp-4g-imt-lte-advanced-tutorial.eu/) • LTE Portal (http://www. it/ pub/ LenLar/ proceedings/ 2009/ wv09/ WVITAE09/ PDF/ AUTHOR/ WV091418. collaboration.literature.com) – 3GPP LTE / LTE Advanced Technology.com/LTE_Business_Guide) – a semi-annual publication on LTE / LTE Advanced.qualcomm.pdf) .agilent. PDF 4 External links • LTE Advanced (http://www._Standards.

Crati. Tif20320. Maryhit. Khr0n0s.wikipedia. WiMAXPro. Darin-0. Badmachine.org/w/index. Jimthing. Mange01. Mojodaddy. Jasynnash2. Jofeu. Siddhant. Sanpitch. TheMightyPirate. Biscuittin.0/ . Tcho2. Allisond04. D2lraq.0 Unported //creativecommons. Magioladitis. 66 anonymous edits License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.php?oldid=459745540  Contributors: Agujero Negro. Retroneo. Kinema. Meewam. Bender235. OneRyt. Ariconte. Brandon. Wksam. Muhandes. Basangbur. Rich Farmbrough. Irdepesca572.org/licenses/by-sa/3.Article Sources and Contributors 5 Article Sources and Contributors LTE Advanced  Source: http://en. Ffirmin. Eikoseidel. David Eppstein. Lproven. Dougher.

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