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1. An ideal fluid is defined as fluid which a. Is compressible b. is incompressible c. is incompressible and non-viscous (in viscid) d.

has negligible surface tension. 2. Newtons law of viscosity states that a. shear stress is directly proportional to the velocity b. shear stress is directly proportional to the velocity gradient c. shear stress is directly proportional to shear strain d. shear stress is directly proportional to the viscosity. 3. A Newtonian fluid is defined as the fluid which a. is incompressible and non-viscous b. obeys Newtons law of viscosity c. is highly viscous d. is compressible and non-viscous. 4. Kinematic viscosity is defined as equal to a. dynamic viscosity density b. dynamic viscosity / density c. dynamic viscosity pressure d. pressure density. 5. Dynamic viscosity () has the dimensions as a. MLT2 b. ML-1T-1 b. ML-1T-2 d. M-1L-1T-1 6. Poise is the unit of a. mass density b. viscosity c. kinematic viscosity d. velocity gradient. 7. The increase of temperature a. increase the viscosity of a liquid b. decrease the viscosity of a liquid c. decrease the viscosity of a gas d. increase the viscosity of a gas. 8. Stoke is the unit of a. surface tension b. viscosity c. kinematic viscosity d. none of the above 9. The multiplying factor for converting one poise to MKS unit of dynamic viscosity is a. 9.81 b. 98.1 c. 981 d. .981 10.Surface tension has the unit of a. force per unit area b. force per unit length c. force per unit volume d. none of the above. Answers: 1. c 2. b 3. b 4. b 5. b

6. c 7. b, d 8. c 9. b 10. b

11.The gases are considered incompressible when mach number a. is equal to 1.0 c. is more than 0.3 b. is equal to 0.50 d. is less than 0.2

12. Pascals law states that pressure at a point is equal in all direction a. in a liquid at rest c. in a laminar flow b. in a fluid at rest d .in a turbulent flow.

13. The hydrostatic law states that rate of increase of pressure in a vertical direction a. is equal to density of a fluid b. is equal to specific weight of fluid c. is equal to weight of fluid d. none of the above. 14. Fluid statics deals with the following forces a. viscous and pressure forces b. viscous and gravity forces c. gravity and pressure forces d. surface tension and gravity forces 15. Gauge pressure at a point is equal to a. absolute pressure plus atmospheric pressure b. absolute pressure minus atmospheric pressure c. vacuum pressure plus absolute pressure.

d. none of the above 16. Atmospheric pressure head in terms of water coloum is a. 7.5m b. 8.5m c. 9.81m d. 10.30m 17. The hydrostatic pressure on a plane surface is equal to a. Ah b. Ah sin2 c. Ah d. Ah sin 18. Centre of pressure of a plane a plane surface immersed in a liquid is a. above the centre of gravity of plane of surface b. at the centre of gravity of plane surface c. below the centre of gravity of the plane surface d. none of the above 19. The resultant hydrostatic force acts through a point known as a. centre of gravity b. centre of buoyancy c. centre of pressure d. none of the above 20. For a submerged curved surface, the vertical component of a. mass of the liquid supported by the curved surface

b. weight of the liquid supported by the curved surface c. the force on the projected area of the curved surface on vertical plane d. none of the above. Answers: 1. d 2. b 3. b 4. c 5. b 6. d 7. a 8. c 9. c 10. b

21. For a floating body, the buoyancy force passes though the a.centre of gravity of the body b. centre of gravity of the submerged part of the body c. meta-centre of the body d. centroid of the liquid displaced by the body. 22. The condition of stable equilibrium for a floating body a. the metacentre M coincides with the centre of gravity G b. the metacentre M is below centre of gravity G c. the metacentre M is above centre of gravity G d. the centre of buoyancy B is above centre of gravity G. 23. A submerged body will be in stable equilibrium if a. the centre of buoyancy B is below the centre of gravity G b. the centre of buoyancy B coincides with G

c. the centre of buoyancy B is above the metacentre M d. the centre of buoyancy B is above G 24. The meta-centric height of a floating body is a. the distance between meta-centre and centre of buoyancy b. the distance between the centre of buoyancy and centre of gravity c. the distance between meta-centre and centre of gravity d. none of the above 25. The necessary condition for the flow to be steady is that a. the velocity does not change from place to place b. the velocity is constant at a point with respect to time c. the velocity changes at a point with respect to time d. none of the above 26. The necessary condition for the flow to be uniform is that a. the velocity is constant at a point with respect to time b. the velocity is constant in the flow field with respect to space c. the velocity changes at a point with respect to time d. none of the above 27. The flow in a pipe is laminar if a. Reynold number is equal to 2500 b. Reynold number is equal to 4000 c. Reynold number is more than 2500 d. none of the above. 28. A stream line is a line

a. which is along the path of a particle b. which is always parallel to the main direction of flow c. across which there is no flow d. on which tangent drawn at any point gives the direction of the velocity. 29. Continuity equation can take the a. A1V1=A2V2 b. 1A1=2A2 c. 1A1V1=2A2V2 d. 1A1V1= 2A2V2 30. Pitot-tube is used for measurement of a. pressure b. flow c. velocity at a point d. discharge Answers: 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. d c d c b b d c

29. 30.

c c

31. Bernoullis theorem deals with the law of conservation of a. mass b. momentum c. energy d. none of the above 32. Continuity equation deals with the law of conservation of a. mass b. momentum c. energy d. none of the above 33. Irrotational flow means a. the fluid does not rotate while while moving b. the fluid moves in straight line c. the net rotation of fluid particles about their mass centers is zero d. none of the above 34. The velocity components in x and y directions in terms of stream function () are a. u= d /dx , v= d /dy b. u= d /dy , v= d /dx c. u= d /dy , v= d /dx d. u= d /dx , v= d /dy

35. The velocity components in x and y directions in terms of stream function () are a. u= d /dx , v= d /dy b. u= d /dx , v= d /dy c. u= d /dy , v= d /dx d. u= d /dy , v= d /dx 36. The relation between tangential velocity ( ) and radius (r) is given by a. V r = constant for forced vortex b. V/r = constant for forced vortex c. V r = constant for free vortex d. V/r = constant for free vortex. 37. The pressure variation along the radial direction for vortex flow along a horizontal plain is given as a. d/dr= V2/r b. d/dr= V/r2 c. d/dr= V2/r d. none of the above. 38. For a forced vortex flow the height of paraboloid formed is equal to a. /+v2/2g b. V2/2g c. V2/r2g d. r2/2g 39. Bernoullis equation is derived making assumptions that a. the flow is uniform, steady and incompressible b. the flow is non-viscous, uniform and steady

c. the flow is steady, non viscous, incompressible and irrotational d. none of the above 40. The Bernoullis equation can take the form a. 1/1+V12/2g+Z1 = 2/2+V22/2g+Z2 b. 1/1g+V12/2+Z1 = 2/2g+V22/2+Z2 c. 1/1g+V12/2g+gZ1 = 2/2+V22/2g+gZ2 d. 1/1g+V12/2g+Z1 = 2/2+V22/2g+Z2 Answers: 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. c a c d d b, c c b c d

41. The flow rate through a circular pipe is measured by a. Pitot-tube b. venture-meter c. orifice-meter

d. None of the above 42.The range for coefficient of discharge (Cd) for a ventury meter is a.0.6 to 0.7 b. 0.7 to 0.8 c. 0.8 to 0.9 d. 0.95 to 0.99 43. The co-efficient of velocity (Cv) for an orifice is a. (Cv) = 4x2/yH b. (Cv) = 2x/4yH c. (Cv) = x2/4yH d. None of the above. 44. The co-efficient of discharge (Cd) in terms of Cv and Cc is a. Cd = Cv /Cc b. Cd = Cv Cc c. Cd = Cc /Cv d. None of the above. 45. An orifice is known as large orifice when the head of liquid from the centre of orifice is a. more than 10 times the depth of orifice b. less than 10 times the depth of orifice c.less than 5 times the depth of orifice d. None of the above. 46.Which mouth piece is having maximum coefficient of discharge a. external mouth piece

b. convergent divergent mouth piece c. internal mouth piece d. none of the above 47. Coefficient of discharge Cd a. for an orifice is more than that for a mouthpiece b. for internal mouth piece is more than external mouth piece c. for a mouthpiece is more than an orifice d. none of the above. 48. A flow is said to be laminar when a. the fluid particles move in a zigzag way b. the reynold number is high c.the fluid particle move in layers parallel to the boundary d. none of the above. 49. For the lamionar flow through a circular pipe a. the maximum velocity = 1.5 times the average velocity b. the maximum velocity = 2.0 times the average velocity c. the maximum velocity = 2.5 times the average velocity d. none of the above. 50. The loss of pressure head for the laminar flow through pipes varies a. as the square of velocity b. directly as the velocity c. as the inverse of the velocity d. none of the above

Answers: 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. b,c d c b c b c c b b

51. For the laminar flow through a pipe, the shear stress over the cross- section a. varies inversely as the distance from the centre of the pipe b. varies directly as the distance from the surface of the pipe c. varies directly as the distance from the centre of the pipe d. remains constant over the cross section. 52. For the laminar flow between two parallel plates a. the maximum velocity = 2.0 times the average velocity b. the maximum velocity = 2.5 times of the average velocity c. the maximum velocity = 1.33 times the average velocity d. none of the above. 53. The valve of the kinetic energy correction factor () for the viscous flow through a circular pipe is

a. 1.33 b. 1.50 c. 2.0 d. 1.25 54. The valve of the momentum correction factor () for the viscous flow through a circular pipe is a. 1.33 b. 1.50 c. 2.0 d. 1.25 55. The pressure drop per unit length of a pipe for laminar flow is a. equal to 12UL gD2 b. equal to 12U gD2 c. equal to 32UL gD2 d. none of the above. 56. For viscous flow between two parallel plates, the pressure drop per unit length is equal to a. 12UL gD2 b. 12UL D2 c. 32UL

D2 d. 12U D2 57. The velocity distribution is laminar flow through a circular pipe follows the a. parabolic law b. linear law c. logarithmic law d. none of the above. 58. A boundary is known as hydrodynamically smooth if a. k = 0.3 b. k > 0.3 c. k < 0.3 d. k = 6.0 where k= average height of the irregularities from the boundary and = thickness of laminar sub layer. 59. The co-efficient of friction for laminar flow through a circular pipe is given by a. = 0.0791 (Re)1/4 b. = 16 Re

c. . = 64 Re d. none of the above 60. The loss of head due to sudden expansion of a pipe is given by a. hL =V12-V22 2g b. hL = 0.5V12 2g c. hL =(V1-V2) 2 2g d. none of the above. Answers: 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. c d c a d d a c b c

61. The loss of head due to sudden contraction of a pipe is equal to a. ( 1/Cc 1 )2 V2 2g b. (1 1/Cc)2 V2 2g c. 1/Cc (1 V22 ) 2g d. none of the above. 62. Hydraulic gradient line (H.G.L.) represents the sum of a. pressure head and kinetic head. b. kinetic head and datum head c. pressure head,kinetic head,and datum head d. pressure head and datum head 63. Total energy line (T.E.L.) represents the sum of a. pressure head and kinetic head. b. kinetic head and datum head c. pressure head and datum head d. pressure head kinetic head and datum head. 64. When the pipes are connected in series, the total rate of flow a. is equal to the sum of the rate of flow in each pipe b. is equal to the reciprocal of the sum of rate of flow in each pipe c. is the same as flowing through each pipe d. none of the above

65. Power transmitted through pipes will be maximum when a. Head lost due to friction =1/2 total head at inlet of the pipe b. Head lost due to friction =1/4 total head at inlet of the pipe c. Head lost due to friction = total head at inlet of the pipe d. Head lost due to friction =1/3 total head at inlet of the pipe 66. The valve closure is said to be gradual if the time required to close the valve a. t= 2L c b. t 2L c c. t < 4L c d. t > 2L c where L= Length of pipe C= Velocity of pressure wave 67. The velocity of pressure wave in terms of bulk modulus (K) and density () is given by a. c= k b. c= K c. c= K d. none of these

68. Reynolds number is defined as the a. ratio of inertia force to gravity force b. ratio of viscous force to gravity force c. ratio of viscous force to elastic force d. ratio of inertia force to viscous force 69. Froudes number is defined as the ratio of a. inertial force to viscous force b. ratio of inertia force to gravity force c. ratio of inertia force to elastic force d. ratio of inertia force to pressure force 70. Mach number is defined as the ratio of a. inertia force to viscous force b. viscous force to surface tension force c. viscous force to elastic force d. inertia force to elastic force Answers: 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. d d d c d d c

68. 69. 70.

d b d

71. Eulers number is the ratio of a. inertia force to pressure force b. inertia force to elastic force c. inertia force to gravity force d. none of the above 72. Model are known undistorted model if a. the prototype and model are having different scale ratios b. the prototype and model are having small scale ratios c. model and prototype are kinematically similar d. none of the above 73. Geometric similarity between model and prototype means a. the similarity of discharge b. the similarity of linear dimension c. the similarity of motion d. the similarity of forces 74. Kinematic similarity between model and prototype means a. the similarity of forces b. the similarity of shape c. the similarity of motion

d. the similarity of discharge 75. Dynamic similarity between model and prototype means a. the similarity of forces b. the similarity of motion c. the similarity of shape d. none of the above 76. Reynolds number is expressed as a. Re = L V b. Re = VL c. Re = VL d. . Re = V d 77. Froudes number (Fe) is given by a. Fe = V L g b. Fe = V g L c. Fe = V Lg d. none of the above.

78. Match number (M) is given by a. M = C V b. M = V C c. M = V C d. none of the above 79. Boundary layer on a flat plate is called laminary boundary layer if a. Reynold number is less than 2000 b. Reynold number is less than 4000 c. Reynold number is less than 5 105 d. none of the above 80. Boundary layer thickness () is the distance from the surface of the solid body in the direction perpendicular to flow, where the velocity of fluid is equal to a. Free stream velocity b. 0.9 times the free-stream velocity c. 0.99 times the free stream velocity d. none of the above Answers: 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. a b b c a

76. 77. 78. 79. 80.

c c c c c

81. Displacement thickness (*) is given by a. * = (1 U ) dy


0

b. * = u (1 u ) dy
0

UU

c. * = u (1 u2 ) dy
0

U U2

d. none of the above. 82. Momentum thickness () is given by a. = u (1 u ) dy


0

UU

b. = (1 U ) dy
0

c. = u (1 u2 ) dy
0

U U2

d. none of the above 83. Energy thickness (**) is equal to

a. u (1 u ) dy
0

UU

b. u (1 u2 ) dy
0

U U2

c. u (1 u )2 dy
0

UU

d. none of the above. 84. Von-Karman momentum integral equation is given as a. 0 = d U2 dx b. 0 = d U2 dx c. 0 = d 2U2 dx d. none of the above. 85. The boundary layer separation takes place if a. pressure gradient is zero. b. pressure gradient is +ve c. pressure gradient is negative d. none of the above 86. The condition for boundary layer separation is a. (du/dy)y=o =+ ve b. (du/dy)y=o = ve

c. (du/dy)y=o = 0 d. none of the above. 87. The boundary layer flow will be attached to the surface if a. (du/dy)y=o = 0 b. (du/dy)y=o =+ ve c. (du/dy)y=o = ve d. none of the above. 89. Drag is defined as the force exerted by a flowing fluid on a solid body a. in the direction of flow b. perpendicular to the direction of flow c. in the direction which is at an angle of 45o to the direction of flow d. none of the above 90. Lift force is defined as the force exerted by a flowing fluid on a solid body a. in the direction of flow b. perpendicular to the direction of flow c. at an angle of 450 to the direction of flow d. none of the above Answers: 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. d a b b b

86. 87. 88. 89. 90.

c b c a b

91. Drag force is expressed mathematically as a. FD = U2 CD A b. FD = U2 CD A c. FD = 2U2 CD A d. none of the above 92. Lift force (FL ) is expressed mathematically as a. FL = U2 CL b. FL = U2 CL A c. FL = 2U2 CL A d. FL = U2 CL A 93. Total drag on a body is the sum of a. pressure drag and velocity drag b. pressure drag and friction drag c. friction drag and velocity drag d. none of the above 94. A body is called stream-lined body when it is placed in a flow and the surface of the body

a. coincides with the stream line b. doesnot coincides with streamlines c. is perpendicular to the streamlines d. none of the above 95. A body is called bluff body if the surface of the body a. coincides with the streamlines b. doesnot coincides with the streamlines c. is very smooth d. none of the above. 96. The drag on a sphere (FD) for Reynolds number less than 0.2 is given by a. FD = 5DU b. FD = 3.DU c. FD = 2DU d. FD = DU 97. The skin friction drag on a sphere (for Reynolds number less than 0.2) is equal to a. one-third of the total drag b. half of the total drag c. two-third of the total drag d. none of the above 98. The pressure drag on a sphere (for Reynolds number less than 0.2) is equal to a. one-third of the total drag b. half of the total drag c. two-third of the total drag

d. none of the above 99. Terminal velocity of a falling body is equal to a. the maximum velocity with which body will fall b. the maximum constant velocity with which body will fall c. half of the maximum velocity d. none of the above 100. When a falling body has attained terminal velocity ,the weight of the body is equal to a. drag force minus buoyant force b buoyant force minus drag force c. drag force plus the buoyant force d. none of the above. Answers: 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. a b b a b b c a b c

101. The tangential velocity of ideal fluid in any point on the surface is given by a. u = U sin b. u = U sin c. u = 2U sin d. none of the above 102. The lift force (FL) produced on a rotating circular cylinder in a uniform flow is given by a. FL = LU b. FL = LU c. FL = U d. FL = LU Where L= Length of the cylinder U = Free stream velocity = Circulation. 103. The lift co-efficient (CL) for a rotating cylinder in a uniform flow is a. CL = U R b. CL = R U c. CL = RU given by

d. CL = RU 104. The circulation developed on a airfoil is given by a. = C U sin b. = C U sin c. = C U sin d. = sin CU Where C = chord length U = velocity of airofoil = angle of attack 105. Equation of state is expressed as a. p = RT b. p = RT c. = RT p d. p = R T

Where p = Absolute pressure T = Absolute temperature

R = Gas constant = Density of gas. 106. The continuity equation in differential form is a. dA + dV + dP A V

b. AdA + VdV + d = 0 c. A + V + = constant dA dV d d. dA + dV + d = constant A V

107. Velocity of sound wave (C) is given by a. C = p/ b. C = kp/ c. C = p d. C = p/k 108. Super-sonic flow means a. Mach number = 1.0 b. Mach number < 1.0 c. Mach number > 1.0 d. none of the above 109. Sonic-flow means a. Mach number < 1.0 b. Mach number = 1.0

c. Mach number > 1.0 d. none of the above 110. In a sonic-flow, the disturbances, created by a projectile, moves a. along the projectile b. ahead of the projectile c. behind the projectile d. none of the above Answers: 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. c b c b b a a,b c b a

111. In a super-sonic flow, the projectile (which creates disturbances) moves a. ahead of the disturbances b. along the disturbances c. behind the disturbances

d. none of the above. 112. Match angle () is given by a. sin = V C b. sin = VC c. sin = C V d. sin = 1 VC 113. For sub-atomic flow. if the area of flow increases a. velocity is constant. b. velocity increases c. velocity decreases d. none of the above. 114. Kinematic viscosity () is equal to a. b. c. d. none. 115. Compressibility is equal to a. (dV/V)

dp b. dp

(dV/V) c. dp d d. dp/d 116. Hydrostatic law of pressure is given as a. dp = g dz b. dp = 0 dz c. dp = z dz d. dp = constant dz 117. Four curves are shown in fig.1.1 with velocity gradient (du/dy) along x axis and viscous sheer stress () along y-axis. Curve A corresponds to

a. ideal fluid b. Newtonian fluid c. non-newtonian fluid d. ideal-solid 118. Curve B in fig. 1.1 corresponds to a. ideal fluid b. Newtonian fluid c. non-newtonian fluid d. ideal-solid 119. Curve C in Fig. 1.1 corresponds to a. ideal fluid b. Newtonian fluid c. non-newtonian fluid d. ideal-solid 120. Curve D in fig. 1.1 corresponds to a. ideal fluid

b. Newtonian fluid c. non-newtonian fluid d. ideal-solid Answers: 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. a c c b a a d c b a

121. The relation between surface tension () and difference of pressure ( p) between the inside and outside of a liquid droplet is given as a. p= 4d b. p= 2d c. p= 4 d d. p=

d 122. For a soap bubble, the surface tension () and difference of pressure ( p) are related as a. p= 4d b. p= 2d c. p= 4 d d. p= 8 d 123. For a liquid jet, the surface tension () and difference of pressure ( p) are related as a. p= 4d b. p= 2d c. p= 4 d d. p= 2 d 124. The capillary rise or fall of a liquid is given by a. h = cos 4gd b. h = 4 cos

gd c. h = 8 cos gd d. none of these. 125. Manometer is a device used for measuring a. velocity at a point in a fluid b. pressure at a point in a fluid c. discharge of a fluid d. none of the above. 126. Differential manometer is a device used for measuring a. velocity at a point in a fluid b. pressure at a point in a fluid c. discharge of a fluid d. None of the above. 127. The pressure at a height Z in a static compressible fluid under going isothermal compression is given as a. p = p0 e gR/ZT b. p = p0 e gT/RZ c. p = p0 e RT/gZ d. p = p0 e gZ/RT Where p0= Pressure at ground level. R = Universal gas constant T = absolute temperature

128. The pressure at a height Z in a static compressible fluid under- going adiabatic compression is given by a. p = p0 [ 1 gZ RT0 ] 1/ 1 RT0 ] 1/

b. p = p0 [ 1 1 gZ

c. p = p0 [ 1 RT0

1 gZ ] 1/

d. none of the above 129. The temperature at a height Z in a static compressible fluid undergoing adiabatic compression is given as a. T = T0 [ 1 gZ 1 gZ ] 1 RT0 ]

b. T = T0 [ 1 RT0

c. T = T0 [ 1 1 gZ

RT0 ]

d. None of the above 130. Temperature lapse-rate is given by a. L = g R [ ] R[ 1]

b. L = g 1

c. L =

g[ 1]

d. none of the above Answers: 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. c d d b b c d c b c

131. When the fluid is at rest, the sheer stress is a. maximum b. zero c. unpredictable d. None of the above 132. The depth of centre of pressure of an inclined immersed surface from free surface of liquid is equal to a. IG + h Ah b. IG A sin2 + h h

c. IG sin2 + h Ah d. IG h + h A sin2 133.The depth of centre of pressure of a vertical immersed surface from free surface of liquid is equal to a. IG + h Ah b. IG A + h h c. IG h + h A d. Ah + h IG 134. The centre of pressure for a plane vertical surface lies at a depth of a. half the height of the immersed surface b. one-third the height of the immersed surface c. two-third the height of the immersed surface d. none of the above 135. The inlet length of a venturimeter a. is equal to the outlet length b. is more than the outlet length c. is less than the outlet length d. none of the above 136. Flow of a fluid in a pipe takes place from a. higher level to lower level b. higher pressure to lower pressure

c. higher energy to lower energy d. none of the above. 137. The point, through which the buoyant force is acting, is called a. centre of pressure b. centre of gravity c. centre of buoyancy d. none of the above 138. The point, through which the weight is acting, is called a. centre of pressure b. centre of gravity c. centre of buoyancy d. none of the above 139. The point, about which a floating body, start oscillating when a. centre of pressure b. centre of buoyancy c. centre of gravity d. media centre 140. The media centric height (GM) is given by a. GM = BG V b. GM = V BG I c. GM = 1 BG 1

V d. none of these Answers: 131. 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140. b c a c c c c b d c

141. For a floating body, if the meta-centre is above the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable c. neutral d. none of the above 142. For a floating body, if the meta-centre is below the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable

c. neutral d. none of the above 143. For a floating body, if the meta-centre is coincides with the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable c. neutral d. none of the above. 144. For a floating body, if the centre of buoyancy is above the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable c. neutral d. none of the above 145. For a sub-merged body, if the centre of buoyancy is above the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable c. neutral d. none of the above 146. For a sub-merged body, if the centre of buoyancy is below the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable c. neutral

d. none of the above 147. For a sub-merged body, if the centre of buoyancy is coincides with the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable c. neutral d. none of the above 148. For a sub-merged body, if the meta-centre is below the centre of gravity, the equilibrium is called a. stable b. unstable c. neutral d. none of the above 149. The meta-centric height (GM) experimentally is given as a. GM = W tan wx b. GM = w tan Wx c. GM = wx W tan d. GM = Wx w tan where w = movable weight, W = weight of floating body including w, = angle of tilt

150. The time period of oscillation of a floating body is given by a. T = 2 GM g / K2 b. T = 2 K2 / G M g c. T = 2 GM /g K2 d. T = 2 gK2 / G M Where K = radius of gyration, GM = meta-centric height and T = time period Answers: 141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150. a b c d a b c d c b

151. If the velocity, pressure, density etc., do not change at a point with respect to time, the flow is called a. uniform b. incompressible c. non-uniform

d. steady 152. If the velocity, pressure, density etc., do change at a point with respect to time, the flow is called a. uniform b. compressible c. unsteady d. non-uniform 153. If the velocity in a fluid flow does not change with respect to length of direction of flow, it is called a. steady b. uniform flow c. incompressible d. rotational flow 154. If the velocity in a fluid flow changes with respect to length of direction of flow, it is called a. unsteady flow b. compressible flow c. irrotational flow d. None of the above 155. If the density of a fluid is constant from point to point in a flow region, it is called a. steady flow b. uniform flow c. incompressible d. compressible flow 156. If the density of a fluid changes from point to point in a flow region, is called

a. steady flow b. unsteady flow c. non-uniform flow d. compressive flow 157. If the fluid particles move in straight lines and all the lines are parallel to the surface, the flow is called a. steady b. Uniform c. compressible d. laminar 158. If the fluid particle move in a zig-zag way, the flow is called a. unsteady b. non- uniform c. turbulent d. incompressible 159. The acceleration of a fluid particle in the direction of x is given by a. Ax = u du + d +w dw + du dx dy dz dl

b. Ax = u du + u d + u dw + du dx dy dz dl

c. Ax = u du + du +w du + du dx dy dz dl

d. none of the above. 160. The local acceleration of a fluid particle in the direction of x is given by

a. u du + d dx b. dl. c. u du dx d. none of the above Answers: 151. d 152. c 153. b 154. d 155. b 156. d 157. d 158. c 159. c 160. b du dl

161. The connective acceleration in the direction of x is given by a. u du + d + w dw dx dy dz

b. u du + u du + u du

dx

dy

dz

c. u du + u d + u dw dx dy dz

d. u du + du + w du dx dy dz

162. Shear strain rate is given by a. (du/dx +dv/dy) b. du/dx +dv/dy c. (dv/dx +du/dy) d. dv/dx +du/dy 163. For a two dimensional fluid element in x-y plane,the rotational component is given as a. z = (dv/dx +du/dy) b. z = (du/dx dv/dy)

c. z = (du/dx + dv/dy) d. z = (dv/dx du/dy)

164. Vorticity is given by a. two times the rotation b. 1.5 times the rotation c. three times the rotation d. equal to the rotation 165. Study of fluid motion with the forces causing the flow is known as a. Kinematics of fluid flow b. dynamic of fluid flow c. statics of fluid flow

d. none of the above. 166. Study of fluid motion without considering the forces causing the flow is known as a. Kinematics of fluid flow b. dynamic of fluid flow c. statics of fluid flow d. none of the above 167. Study of fluid at rest, is known as a. kinematics b. dynamics c. statics d. none of the above 168. The term V2/2g is known as a. Kinetic energy b. pressure energy c. kinetic energy per unit weight d. none of the above 169. The terms p/g is known as a. kinetic energy per unit weight b. pressure energy c. pressure energy per unit weight d. none of the above 170. The term Z is known as a. potential energy

b. pressure energy c. kinetic energy per unit weight d. none of the above Answers: 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. d c d a a a c c c c

171. The discharge through a venturimeter is given as a. Q = A12A22 2gh

A12 A22 b. Q = A1A2 2gh

2A12 A22 c. Q = A1A2 2gh

A12 A22 d. none of the above

172. The difference of pressure head (h) measured by a mercury-oil differential manometer is given as a. h= x[1 Sg ] S0 b. h = x[ Sg S0] c. h = x[S0 Sg] d. h = x[Sg 1] S0 Where x = difference of mercury level, Sg = specific gravity of mercury and S0 = specific gravity of oil 173. The difference of pressure head (h) measured by a differential manometer containing higher liquid is a. h= x[1 Sl ] S0 b. h = x[Sl 1] S0 c. h = x[S0 Sl] d. None of the above where Sl = specific gravity of lighter liquid in manometer S0 = specific gravity of fluid glowing x = difference of lighter liquid levels in differential manometer. 174. Piot-tube is used to measure a. discharge b. average velocity

c. velocity at a point d. pressure at a point. 175. Venturymeter is used to measure a. discharge b. average velocity c. velocity at a point d. pressure at a point 176. Orifice-meter is used to measure a. discharge b. average velocity c. velocity at a point d. pressure at a point 177. For a submerged curved surface, the horizontal component of force due to static liquid is equal to a. weight of the liquid supported by curved surface b. Force on a projection of the curved surface area on a vertical plane c. area of curved surface pressure at the centroid of the submerged area d. none of the above 178. For a submerged curved surface, the component of force due to static liquid is equal to a. weight of the liquid supported by curved surface b. Force on a projection of the curved surface area on a vertical plane c. area of curved surface pressure at the centroid of the submerged area d. none of the above 179. A oil of specific gravity 0.7 and pressure 0.14 kgf/cm2 will have the height of oil as

a. 70 cm of oil b. 2 m of oil c. 20 m of oil d. 80 cm of oil. 180. The difference in pressure head, measured by a mercury water differential manometer for a 20 cm difference of mercury level will be a. 2.72 m b. 2.52 m c. 2.0 m c. 0.2 m Answers: 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179. 180. c d a c a a b a b b

181. The difference in pressure head, measured by a mercury-oil differential manometer for a 20 cm difference of mercury level will be

(sp. Gravity of oil = 0.8) a. 2.72 m of oil b. 2.52 m of oil c. 3.20 m of oil d. 2.0 m of oil 182. The rate of flow through a ventury meter varies as a. H b. H c. H3/2 d. H5/2 183. The rate of flow through a V-notch varies as a. H b. H c. H3/2 d. H5/2 184. Orifice are used to measure a. velocity b. Pressure c. rate of flow d. none of the above 185. Mouth pieces are used to measure a. velocity b. pressure

c. viscosity d. rate of flow 186. The ratio of actual velocity of a jet of water at veena-contracta to the theoretical velocity is known as a. Co-efficient of discharge b. Co-efficient of velocity c. Co-efficient of contraction d. Co-efficient of viscosity 187. The ratio of actual discharge of a jet of water to its theoretical discharge is known as a. Co-efficient of discharge b. Co-efficient of velocity c. Co-efficient of contraction d. Co-efficient of viscosity. 188. The ratio of the area of the jet of water at veena-contracta to the area of orifice is known as a. co-efficient of discharge b. Co-efficient of velocity c. Co-efficient of contraction d. Co-efficient of viscosity. 189. The discharge through a large rectangular orifice is a. 2/3 Ca b 2g ( H2 H1) b. 8/15 Ca b 2g ( H2 3/2 H1 3/2) c. 2/3 Ca b 2g ( H2 3/2 H1 3/2) d. none of the above. Where b = width of orifice, H1 = Height of liquid above top edge the orifice,

H2 = Height of liquid above bottom edge of orifice 190. The discharge through fully submerged orifice is a. Ca b ( H2 H1) 2g H3/2 b. Ca b ( H2 H1) 2gH c. Ca b ( H2 3/2 H1 3/2) 2gH d. none of the above. Where H = difference of liquid levels on both sides of the orifice, H1 = Height of liquid above top edge orifice of upstream side. H2 = Height of liquid above bottom edge of orifice on upstream side. Answers: 181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. c b d c d b a c c b

191. Notch is a device used for measuring a. rate of flow through pipes.

b. rate of flow through a small channel c. velocity through a pipe d. velocity through a small channel 192. The discharge through a rectangular notch is given by a. Q = 2/3 Cd L H5/2 b. Q = 2/3 Cd L H3/2 c. Q = 8/15 Cd L H5/2 d. Q = 8/15 Cd L H3/2 193. The discharge through a triangular notch is given by a. Q = 2/3 Cd tan /2 2gH b. Q = 2/3 Cd tan /2 2gH H3/2 c. Q = 2/3 Cd tan /2 2gH5/2 d. none of the above = total angle of triangular notch H = head over notch. 194. The discharge through a trapezoidal notch is given as a. Q = 2/3 Cd1 L H 3/2 + 8/15 Cd2 tan /2 2g H 3/2 b. Q = 2/3 Cd1 L H 5/2 + 8/15 Cd2 tan /2 2g H 3/2 c. Q = 2/3 Cd1 L H 3/2 + 8/15 Cd2 tan /2 2g H 3/2 d. None of the above 195. The error in discharge due to the error in the measurement of the head over a rectangular notch is given by a. dQ = 5 dH Q 2 H

b. dQ = 3 dH Q 2 H

c. dQ = 7 dH Q 2 H

d. dQ = 1 dH Q 2 H

196. The error in discharge due to the error in the measurement of the head over a triangular notch is given by a. dQ = 5 dH Q 2 H

b. dQ = 3 dH Q 2 H

c. dQ = 7 dH Q 2 H

d. dQ = 1 dH Q 2 H

197. The velocity with which in water approaches a notch is called a. Velocity of flow b. Velocity of approach c. Velocity of whirl d. None of the above 198. The discharge over a rectangular notch considering velocity of approach is given as a. Q = 2/3 Cd L 2g ( H 3/2 hd 3/2) b. Q = 2/3 Cd L 2g ( H ha) 3/2

c. Q = 2/3 Cd L 2g [( H + ha) 3/2 ha 3/2] d. none of the above. Where H = head over notch, and ha = head due to velocity of approach. 199. The velocity of approach (Va) is given by a. Va = Discharge over notch Area of notch b. Va = Discharge over notch Area of channel c. Va = Discharge over notch

Head over notch Width of channel d. none of the above. 200. Francis formulae for a rectangular weir with end contraction suppressed is given as a. Q = 1.84 L H5/2 b. Q = 2/3 L H3/2 c. Q = 1.84 L H3/2 d. Q = 2/3 L H5/2 Answers: 191. 192. 193. 194. 195. b b c c b

196. 197. 198. 199. 200.

a b c b c

201. Franciss formula for a rectangular weir with end contraction suppressed given as a. Q = 1.84 [L 0.2 2H ] H3/2 b. Q = 1.84 [L 0.2H ] H3/2 c. Q = 1.84 [L 0.2H ] H5/2 d. none of the above.

202. Bazins formula for discharge over a rectangular weir without velocity of approach is given by a. Q = m L 2g H5/2 b. Q = m L 2g H3/2 c. Q = m L 2gH d. None of the above. Where m = 0.405 + 0.003 and H =head over weir. H

203. Cipolletti weir is a trapezoidal weir having side slope of a. 1 horizontal to 2 vertical. b. 4 horizontal to 1 vertical c. 1 horizontal to 4 vertical

d. 1 horizontal to 3 vertical

204. The co-efficient of friction in terms of shear stress is given by a. = 20V2 t0 b. = 2 t0 rV2 c. = t0 2rV2 d. = V2 2t0

205. Reynolds shear stress for turbulent flow is given by a. t = ru b. t = du dy c. t = du dy d. none of the above. Where u, = fluctuating component of velocity in the direction X and y and = eddy viscosity

206. The shear stress in turbulent flow due to prandtl is given by

a. t = r2 (du/dy)2 b. t = r2 (du/dy)2 c. t = r2 2 (du/dy) d. none of the above. Where = mixing length.

207. Shear velocity (u*) is equal to a. rt0 b. t0/r c. r / t0 d. 1/rt0 Where t0 = shear stress at the surface.

208. The velocity distribution in turbulent flow for pipes is given by a. u = Umax + 5.5 u* loge (y/R) b. u = 2.5 u* loge (y/R) c. u = Umax + 2.5 u* loge (y/R) d. none of the above Where u* = shear velocity, R = radius of the pipe, y= distance from pipe wall, Umax = centre- line velocity

209. When the pipes are connected in parallel, the total loss of head a. is equal to the sum of the loss of head in each pipe

b. is same as in each pipe. c. is equal to the reciprocal of the sum d. none of the above

210. L1,L2,L3 are the length of three pipes, connected in series. If d1,d2, and d3 are their diameters ,then the equivalent size of the pipe is given by a. L = L1 + L2 + L3 d5 d15 d25 d35

b. d5 =d15 +d25+ d35 L L1 L2 L3

c. Ld5 = L1d5 + L2d25 d. None of the above Answers: 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. 209. 210. b b c b a a b c b a

211. The power transmitted through pipe is given by a. w Q H 75 b. w Q h 75 c. w Q (H-h) 4500 d.w Q (H -h) 75

212. Efficiency of power transmission through pipe is given by a. H -h H b. H H+h c.H -h H+h d. None of the above

213. Maximum efficiency of power transmission through pipe is (a)50% (c) 75% (b) 60-67% (d) 100%.

214. Diameter of nozzle (d) for maximum, over transmission is given by a. d= ( D4 )1/5 8fL

b. 8fL

d= ( D5 )1/5

c. 8fl

d= ( D5)1/4

d. none of the above

where D= Dia. of pipe, L=length of pipe.

215. Water-hammer is pipes takes place when a.fluid is flowing with high velocity b.fluid is flowing with high pressure c.flowing lluid is suddenly brought to rest by closing the valve d.flowing fluid is gradually brought to rest.

216. The pressure rise (pi),) due to water hammer, when the valve is closed suddenly and pipe is assumed rigid, is equal to a. V K/ b. V K c. V K d. VK where V=velocity of flow, K= bulk modulus of water and p=density of fluid.

217. The pressure rise (pi) due to water hammer, when valve is closed gradually is equal to (a) LV (b) LV T (c) t VL (d) LVt

where t=time required to close the valve.

218. The pressure rise (pi),) due to water hammer, when valve is closed suddenly and pipe is elastic, is equal to a. V KEt D

b. V 1/K+ D/Et c V 1/K+D/Et d. None of the above where E = Modulus of elasticity for pipe material, D= diameter of pipe,t=time required to close valve and K=bulk modulus of water

219. The pressure rise (pt) due to water hammer depends on () the diameter of pipe only (b) the length of pipe only (c) time required to close the valve only (d) elastic properties of the pipe material only (e) elastic properties of liquid flowing through pipe only (f)all above. 220. The valve closure is said to be sudden if the time required to close the valve a. t= 2L/c b. t < 2L/c c. t > 2L/c d. None of the above where c=velocity of pressure wave produced and L=length of pipe.

Answers: 211. 212. 213. 214. 215. 216. 217. 218. 219. 220. d a d c c b b c f b

221. For a viscous through circular pipes, certain curves are shown in Fig. 1.2. Curve A is for :

a. shear stress distribution b. velocity distribution

c. pressure distribution d. None of the above.

222. Curve B ill Fig. 1.2 is for

a.shear stress distribution b.velocity distribution c. pressure distribution d. none of the above.

223. Fig. 1.3 shows four curves for velocity distribution across a section for Reynolds number equal to 1000, 4000, 6000 and 10000. Curve A corresponds to Reynold number equal to a. 1000 b. 4000 c. 6000 d. 10000

224. Curve B in Fig. 1.3 corresponds to Reynolds number (a) 1000 (b) 4000 (c) 6000

(d) 10000.

225. Curve c in Fig. 1.3 corresponds to the Reynold number (a) 1000 (b) 4000 (c) 6000 (d) 10000.

226. Curve D in Fig. 1.3 corresponds to the Reynold number (a) 1000 (b) 4000 (c) 6000 (d) 10000.

227. The shear stress distribution across a section of a circular pipe, having viscous flow is given by a. t = dp dx b. . t = dp dx c. t = dx 2 2 dp r r r2

d. t = dp 2r dx

228. The velocity distribution across a section of a circular pipe having viscous flow is given by a. u = Umax [ 1- (r/R)2 ] b. u = Umax [R2 - r2] c. u = Umax [ 1- r/R ]2 d. None of the above

229.The velocity distribution across a section of two fixed parallel plates having viscous flow is given by a. u = 1/2(-dp/dx)(l2-y2) b. u =-1/2(dp/dx)(ty-y2) c. u = 1/2(dp/dx)(y-ty) d. u =-1/2(dp/dx)(t-y2) where t= distance between two plates and y is measured from the lower plate.

230. The shear stress distribution across a section of two fixed parallel plates having viscous flow is given by a. v =-1/2 (dp/dx)(t2-y2) b. v =-1/2 (dp/dx)(t-2y) c. v =-1/2 (dp/dx)(ty-y2) d. v =1/2 (dp/dx)(y-ty) where t= distance between two parallel plates and y is measured from the plate.

Answers: 221. 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227. 228. 229. 230. b a a b c d c a b b

231. The ratio of inertia force to viscous force is known as (a) Reynold number (c) Mach number (b) Froude number (d)Euler number.

232. The square root of the ratio of inertia force to gravity force is called (a) Reynold number (c) Mach number (b) Froude number (d)Euler number.

233. The square root of the ratio of inertia force to force due to compressibility is known as (a) Reynold number (c) Mach number (b) Froude number (d)Euler number.

234. The square root of the ratio of inertia force to pressure force is known as (a) Reynold number (c) Mach number (b) Froude number (d)Euler number.

235. Model analysis of pipes flow are based on (a) Reynold number (c) Mach number (b) Froude number (d)Euler number.

236. Model analysis of free surface flow are based on (a) Reynold number (c) Mach number (b) Froude number (d)Euler number.

237. Model analysis of aero planes and projectile moving at super sonic speed are based on (a) Reynold number (c) Mach number (b) Froude number (d)Euler number.

238. The boundary-layer takes place (a) for ideal fluids (c) for real fluids (b) for pipe-flow only (d) for flow over flat plate only

239. The boundary layer is called turbulent boundary layer if (a) Reynold number is more than 2000 (b) Reynold number is more than 4000 (c) Reynold number is more than 5X 105 (d) None of the above.

240. Laminar sub-layer exists in () (b) (c) (d) Laminar boundary layer region Turbulent boundary layer region Transition zone None of the above.

Answers: 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. a b c d a b

237. 238. 239. 240.

c c c b

241. The thickness of laminar boundary layer at a distance c from the leading edge over a flat plate varies as (a) x4/5 (c) x1/5 (b) x1/2 (d) X3/5.

242. The thickness of turbulent boundary layer at a distance x from the leading edge over a flat plate varies as (a) x4/5 (c) x1/5 (b) x1/2 (d) X3/5.

243. The separation of boundary layer lakes place in case of (a) (b) (c) (d) negative pressure gradient positive pressure gradient ZERO PRESSURE GRADIENT none of the above.

244. The velocitv profile for turbulent boundary layer is a. u/U = sin (/2 y/) b. u/U = (y/)1/7

c. u/U = 2 (y/) (y/)2 d. u/U = 3/2 (y/) (y/)

245. The drag force exerted by a fluid on a body immersed in thefluid is due to a) b) c) d) pressure and viscous force pressure and gravity forces pressure and turbulence forces none of the above.

246. For super-sonic flow, if the area of flow increases then (a) velocity decreases (b) velocity increases (c) velocity is constant (d) none of the above.

247. The area velocity relationship for compressible fluid is a. dA = dV [ 1- M2 ] A v

b. dA = dV [M2-1] A v

c. dA = dV [ 1- V2 ] A v

d. dA = dV [C2-1]

248. The flow in open channel is laminar if the Reynold number is (a) 2000 (b) less than 2000 (d) none of the above.

(c) less than 500

249.The flow in open channel is turbulent if the Reynold number is (a) 2000 (6) more than 2000 (d) 4000.

(c) more than 4000

250. If the Froude number in open channel flow is less than 1.0 the flow is called (a) critical flow (b) super-critical (c) sub-critical (d) none of the above.

Answers: 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. b a b b a

246. 247. 248. 249. 250.

b b c b c

251. If the Froude number in open channel flow is equal to 1.0, the flow is called (a) critical flow (b) streaming flow (b) shooting flow (d) none of the above

252. If the Froude number in open channel flow is more than 1.0, the flow is called (a) critical flow (b) streaming flow (c)shooting flow (d) none of the above.

253. Chezys formula is given as a.V = i mc b. V= Cmi c. V = m ci d.none of the above

254. The discharge through a rectangular channel is maximum When a. m = d/3

b. m = d/2 c. m = 2d d. m = 3d/2 where m = hydraulic mean depth d = depth of flow.

255.

The discharge through a trapezoidal channel is maximum when

(a) Half of top width = sloping side (a) (a) (d) Top width = half of sloping side Top width = l.5 X sloping side None of the above.

256. The maximum velocity through a circular channel takes place when depth of flow is equal to a) 0.95 times the diameter b. 0.5 times the diameter c. 0.31 times the diameter d. 0.3 times the diameter.

257. The maximum discharge through a circular channel when depth of flow is equal to (a) 0.95 times the diameter (b) 0.3 times the diameter (c) 0.81 times the diameter (d) 0.5 times the diameter.

258. Specific energy of a flowing fluid per unit weight is equal to a. p/w + V2/2g b. (p + h)/w c. (V2 + h) / 2g d. p/w + V2/2g + h

259.The depth of How alter hydraulic jump is a. d2 = d1/2 [1+8(Fe)12-1] b. d2 = d1/2 [1 + 3+8(Fe)12-1] c. d2 = d1/2 [d12/4 +8(Fe)1] d. none of the above

260. The depth of flow at which specific energy is minimum is called (a) Normal depth (c Alternate depth (b) Critical depth (d) None of the above.

Answers: 251. a

252. 253. 254. 255. 256. 257. 258. 259. 260.

c b b a c a c a b

261. The critical depth (he) is given bv a. b. c. d. e. (q2/g)1/2 (q/g)1/3 (q2/g)1/3 (q2/g)2/3 where q= rate ol flow per unit width of channel.

261. For a circular channel, the wetted perimeter is given by a. R/2 b. 3R c. 2R d. R where q = radius of circular channel and =half the angle subtended by the water surface at the centre

263. For a circular channel, the area flow is given by a. b. c. d. R2 (2- (sin2)/2) R2 (- (sin2)/2) R2 (- sin2) None of the above

Where = half the angle subtended by water surface at the centre and R = radius of circular channel.

264. The hydraulic mean depth is given bv a.P/A b.P2/A c.A/P d.A/P where A =Area and P=wetted perimeter.

265. A most economical section is one which for a given cross sectional area, slope of bed (i) and co-efficient of resistance has a. maximum wetted perimeter b. c. d. maximum discharge maximum depth of flow None of the above.

266.

Specific speed of a turbine is defined as the speed of the turbine which

a. b. c. d.

produces unit horse power at unit head produces unit horse power at unit discharge delivers unit discharge at unit head delivers unit discharge at unit power.

267.

A pump is defined as a device which converts

(a) Hydraulic energy into mechanical energy (b) Mechanical energy into hydraulic energy (c) Kinetic energy into mechanical energy (d) None of the above.

268.

A turbine is a device which converts

(a) Hydraulic energy into mechanical energy (b) Mechanical energy into hydraulic energy (c) Kinetic energy into mechanical energy (d) Electrical energy into mechanical energy.

269. The force exerted by a jet of water on a stationary vertical plate in the direction of jet is given by (a.) F = AV2 sin2 (c) F = AV2 (b) F = AV2 [1+ cos ] (d) none of the above.

270. The force exerted by a jet of water on a stationary inclined in plate in the direction of jet is given by

() F = AV2

(b) F = AV2 sin2 (d) F = AV2 [1+ sin ]

(c) F = AV2 [1+ cos ]

Answers: 261. 262. 263. 264. 265. 266. 267. 268. 269. 270. c c b c b a b a c b

271. The force exerted by a jet of water on a stationary curved plate in the direction of jet is equal to (a) AV2 (b) AV2 sin2 (d) AV2 [1+ sin ]

(c) AV2 [1+ cos ]

272. The force exerted by a jet of water having velocity V on a vertical plate, moving with a velocity u is given by (a) F = A (V-u)2 sin2 (b) F = A (V-u)2 (c) F = A (Vu)2 [1+cos ] (d)None of the above.

273. The force exerted by a jet of water having velocity V on a series of vertical plates moving with velocity u is given by (a) F=AV2 (c) F=AVu (b) F=A (Vu)2 (d) None of the above.

274. Efficiency of the u jet water having velocity V striking a series of vertical plates moving with a velocity u is given by a . = 2V (V-u) / u2 b. = 2u (V-u) / V2 c. = u2 / V2(V-u) d. none of the above.

275. Efficiency, of the jet of water having velocity V and striking a series of vertical plates moving with a velocity u, is maximum when a. b. c. d. u = aV u = V/2 u = 3V/ 2 u = 4V/3

276. Maximum efficiency of a series of vertical plates is (a) 66.67% (b) 33.33% (c) 50 % ( d) 80%. .

277. For a series of curved radial vanes, the work done per second per unit weight is equal to a. 1/g Vw1 u1 + Vw2u2 b. 1/g [V1u1 + V2u2] c. 1/g[ Vw1 u1 + Vw2u2 ] d. none of the above.

278. The net head (H) on the turbine is given by () H = Gross Head + Head lost due to friction (b) H = Gross Head Head lost due to friction (c)H = Gross Head + V2 /g Head lost due to friction.

279. Hydraulic elliciency of a turbine is defined as the ratio of a. b. c. d. Power available at the inlet of turbine to power given by water to the runner Power at the shaft of the turbine to power given by water to the runner Power at the shaft of the turbine to the power at the inlet of turbine None of the above.

280. Mechanical efficiency of a turbine is the ratio of d. d. d. d. Power at the inlet to the power at the shaft of turbine Power at the shaft to the power given to the runner Power at the shaft to power at the inlet of turbine None of the above.

Answers: 271. 272. 273. 274. 275. 276. 277. 278. 279. 280. c b a b b c c b d b

281. The overall efficiency of a turbine is the ratio of a. b. c. d. Power at the inlet of turbine to the power at the shaft Power at the shaft to the power given to the runner Power at the shaft to the power at the inlet of turbine None of the above.

282. The relation between hydraulic efficiency (h) mechanical efficiency (m) and overall efficiency(0) is a. h =0 m b. 0= h m c. 0= m/ h d. none of the above.

283. a. b. c. d.

A turbine is called impulse if at the inlet of the turbine total energy is only kinetic energy total energy is only pressure energy total energy is the sum of kinetic energy and pressure energy None of the above.

284.

A turbine is called reaction turbine if at the inlet of the turbine the total energy is

a. kinematic energy only b. kinetic energy and pressure energy c. pressure energy only d. none of the above.

285. a. b. c. d.

Tick mark the correct statement Pelton wheel is a reaction turbine Pelton wheel is a radial flow turbine Pelton wheel is an impulse turbine None of the above.

286. Francis turbine is a. b. c. d. an impulse turbine a radial flow impulse turbine an axial flow turbine a reaction radial flow turbine.

287. Kaplan turbine is a. b. c. d. an impulse turbine a radial flow impulse turbine an axial flow reaction turbine a radial flow reaction turbine.

288. Jet ratio (m) is defined as the ratio of a. diameter of jet of water to diameter of pelton wheel b. velocity of vane to the velocity of jet of water c. velocity of flow of the velocity of jet of water

d. diameter of Pelton wheel to diameter of the jet of water.

289. Flow ratio is defined as the ratio of a) b) c) d) Velocity of flow at inlet to the velocity given by 2gH Velocity of runner at inlet to the velocity of (low at inlet Velocity of runner to the velocity given by 2gH None of the above.

290. Speed ratio is given a. u/2gH b. Vt/2gH c. 2gH / Vt d. Vw / 2gH

Answers: 281. 282. 283. 284. c b a b

285. 286. 287. 288. 289. 290.

c d c d a a

291.The speed ratio for Pelton wheel varies from (a) 0.45 to 0.50 (b) 0.6 to 0.7 (c) 0.3 to 0.4 (d) 0.8 to 0.9.

292. The discharge through Pelton Turbine is given by (a) Q= DBV (b) Q=/4 d2 2gH (c) Q=/4 [Da -Db] (d) None of the above.

293. The discharge through Francis Turbine is given by (a) Q= DBV (b) Q=/4 d2 2gH (c) Q=/4 [Da -Db]

(d) None of the above.

295. Draft tube is used for discharging water from the exit of (a) an impulse turbine (b) a Francis turbine (c) a Kaplan turbine (d) a Pelton wheel.

296. Specific speed of a turbine is defined as the speed at which the turbine runs when a. working under unit head and discharging one litre per second b. working under unit head and develops unit horse power c. develops unit horse power and discharges one litre per second d. None of the above.

297. a. b. c. d.

The specific speed (Ng) of a turbine is given by Ng = (N p) / H Ng = (N Q) / H Ng = (N p) / H 5/4 Ng = (N p5/4) /H

298. Unit speed is the speed of a turbine when it is working (a. ) under unit head and develops unit power (b) under unit head and discharge one m3/sec (c) under unit head (d) None of the above.

299. Unit discharge is the discharge of a turbine when a. b. c. d. the head on turbine is unity and it develops unit power the head on turbine is unity and it moves at unit speed the head on the turbine is unity none of the above.

300. a. b. c. d.

Unit power is the power developed bv a turbine when head on turbine is unity and discharge is also unity head = one metre and speed is unity head on turbine is unity none of the above

Answers: 291. 292. 293. 294. 295. a b a c b,c

296. 297. 298. 299. 300.

b c c c c

301. The unit speed (Nu) is given by the expression a.Nu = N / H 3/2 b. Nu =N / H c. Nu = N / H d. Nu = N / H5/4

302. The unit discharge (Qu) is given by the expression a. Qu = Q / H b. Qu = Q / H3/2 c. Qu = Q / H3/4 D. Qu = Q / H5/4

303. Unit power (pu) is given by the expression a. Pu = P / H b. Pu = P / H3/2 c. Pu = P / H3/4 D. Pu = P / H5/4

304. The unit discharge and unit speed (V) curves for different turbines arc shown in Fig.1.4 curve A is for H= constant a.Francis Turbine b. Kaplan Turbine c. pelton Turbine d. Propeller Turbine.

305. Curve B in Fig. 1.4 is for

a.Francis Turbine b. Kaplan Turbine c. pelton Turbine d. Propeller Turbine.

306. Curve C in Fig. 1.4 is for a.Francis Turbine b. Kaplan Turbine c. pelton Turbine

d. Propeller Turbine

307. Tick mark the correct statement a. Curves at constant speed are called main characteristic curves b. Curves at constant head are called main characteristic curves c. Curves at constant efficiency are called operating characteristic curves d. Curves at constant efficiency are called main characteristic curves.

308. Main characteristic curves of a turbine means (a) curves at constant speed (b) curves at constant efficiency (c) curves at constant head (d) none of the above.

309. Operating characteristic of a turbine means (a) curves at constant speed (b) curves at constant efficiency (c) curves at constant head (d) none of the above.

310. Muschel curves means a.curves at constant head b. curves at constant speed

c. curves at constant efficiency d. none of the above.

Answers: 301. 302. 303. 304. 305. 306. 307. 308. 309. 310. c a b c a b b c a c

311. Governing of a turbine means a. the head is kept constant under all condition of working b. the speed is kept constant under all conditions c. the discharge is kept constant under all conditions d. none of the above.

312. The work done by impeller of a centrifugal pump on water per second per unit weight of water is given by (a) (1/g) Vw1u1 b. (1/g) Vw2u2 c. 1/g (Vw1u2- Vw1u1)

d. none of the above.

313. The manometer head (Hm) of a centrifugal pump is given by a. Pressure head at outlet of pumppressure head at inlet b. Total head at inletTotal head at outlet c. Total head at outlet total head at inlet d. None of the above.

314. The manometric efficiency (man) of a centrifugal pump is given by a. Hm

gVw2u2 b. gHm V w2u2

c. V w2u2 gHm d. Hm gVw2u2

315. Mechanical efficiency (mech) of a centrifugal pump is given by a. (Power at the impeller)/S.H.P b. S.H.P./ Power at the impeller c. Power possessed by water/power at the impeller d. Power possessed by water/S.H.P.

316. To produce a high head by multistage centrifugal pumps, the impellers are connected (a) in parallel (b) in series (c) in parallel and in series both (d) none of the above.

317. To discharge a large quantity of liquid by multi-stage centrifugal pump, the impellers are connected (a) in parallel (b) in series (c) in parallel and in series (d) None of the above.

318. Specific speed of a pump is the speed at which a pump runs when a. head developed is unity and discharge is one cubic metre b. head developed is unity and shaft horse power is also unity c. discharge is one cubic metre and shaft horse power is unity d. none of the above.

319. The specific speed (Ng) of a pump is given by the expression a. Ng = N Q Hm5/4

b. Ng = N P Hm3/4

c. Ng = N Q Hm3/4 d. Ng = N P Hm5/4

Answers: 311. b 312. b 313. c 314. b 315. a 316. b 317. a 318. a 319. c

320. The operating characteristic curves of a centrifugal pump are shown in Fig. 1.5.

Curve A is for () Head (b) Efficiency (c). Power (d). None of the above.

321.Curve B in Fig. 1.5 is for () Head (b) Efficiency (c). Power (d). None of the above.

322. Curve B in Fig. 1.5 is for () Head (b) Efficiency (c) Power (d) None of the above.

323. Cavitation will take place if the pressure of the flowing fluid at any point is a. more than vapour pressure of the fluid b. equal to vapour pressure of the fluid c. is less than vapour pressure of the fluid d. none of the above.

324. Cavitation can take place in case of (a) Pelton Wheel (b) Francis Turbine

(c) Reciprocating pump (d) Centrifugal pump.

325. Tick mark the correct statement

Centrifugal pump convert mechanical energy into (a) hydraulic energy by sucking liquid into chamber (b) Reciprocating pumps convert mechanical energy into (c) Centrifugal pumps convert mechaiiical energy into hydraulic energy by means of centrifugal force (d) Reciprocating pumps convert hydraulic energy into mechanical energy.

326. The discharge through a single acting reciprocating pump is a. Q = ALN 60 b. Q = 2ALN 60 c. Q = ALN d. Q = 2ALN

327. The pressure head due to acceleration (ha) is reciprocating pump is given by a. ha= a 2 r sin g A

b. ha= A 2 r sin g a

c. . ha= A 2 r cos g a A 2 r sin

d. . ha=

a where A = Area of cylinder, a = Area of pipe and r = radius of crank.

328. Indicator diagram shows for one complete revolution of crank the a. variation of kinetic head in the cylinder b. Variation of pressure head in the cylinder c. Variation of kinetic and pressure head in the cylinder d. None of the above

329. Air vessel in a reciprocating pump is used a. to obtain a continuous supply of water at uniform rate b. to reduce suction head c. to increase the delivery head d. none of the above.

330. The work saved by fitting an air vessel to a single acting reciprocating pump is (a) 39.2% (b) 84.8% (c) 48.8% (d) 92.3%

Answers: 320. 321. 322. 323. 324. 325. 326. 327. 328. 329. 330. a b c c b, d c a c b a b

331. The work saved bv fitting an air vessel to a double acting reciprocating pump is (a) 39.2% (b) 84.8% (c) 48.8% (d) 92.3%

332. The pressure, at which separation takes place, is known separation pressure or separation pressure head. For water, the limiting value of separation pressure head is (a) 2.5 m (abs.) (b) 7.5 m (abs.) (c) 10.3 m (abs.) (d) 5 m (abs.).

333. During suction stroke of a reciprocating pump, the separation may take place () (b) (c) (d) at the end of suction stroke in the middle of suction stroke in the beginning of suction stroke none of the above.

334. During delivery stroke of a reciprocating pump, the separation may take place () (b) (c) (d) at the end of suction stroke in the middle of suction stroke in the beginning of suction stroke none of the above.

335. Hydraulic accumulator is a device used for (a) lifting heavy weights (b) storing the energy of a fluid in the form of pressure energy (c) increasing the pressure intensity of a fluid (d) none of the above.

336. Hydraulic intensifier is a device used for

(a) storing energy of a fluid in the form of pressure energy (b) increasing pressure intensity of a liquid (c) transmitting power from one shaft to another (d) none of the above.

337. Hydraulic ram is a pump which works (a) on the principle of water-hammer (b) on the principle of centrifugal action (c) on the principle of reciprocating action (d) none of the above

338. Hydraulic coupling is a device used for (a) transmitting same torque to the driven shaft (b) transmitting increased torque to the driven shaft (c) transmitting decreased torque to the driven shaft (d) none of the above.

339. Torque converter is a device used for (a) transmitting same torque to the driven shaft (b) transmitting increased torque to the driven shaft (c) transmitting decreased torque to the driven shaft (d) transmitting increased or decreased torque to the driven shaft.

340. Capacity of a hydraulic accumulator is given as equal to (a) pressure of water supplied by pump volume of accumulator (b) pressure of water area of accumulator (c) pressure of water stroke of the ram of accumulator (d) none of the above.

Answers: 331. 332. 333. 334. 335. 336. 337. 338. 339. 340. a a c a b b a a d a

341. Kaplan turbine is a propeller turbine in which the vanes fixed on the hub are (a) non-adjustable (c) fixed (b) adjustable (d) none of the above

342. If the head on the turbine is more than 300 m, the type of turbine used should be (a) Kaplan (c) Pelton (b) Francis (d) Propeller

343. If the specific speed of a turbine is more than 300, the type of turbine is (a) Pelton (c)Francis (b) Kaplan (d) Pelton with more jets

344. Run-away speed of a pelton wheel means a. Full load speed b. No load speed c. No load speed with no governor mechanism d. None of the above.

345. Spouting velocity means (a) Actual velocity of jet (b) ideal velocity of jet (c) half of ideal velocity of jet (d) none of the above.

346. Surge tank in a pipe line is used to a. reduce the loss of head due to friction in pipe b. make the flow uniform in pipe c. relieve the pressure due to water hammer d. none of the above

347. Hydraulic ram is a device used for (a) storing energy of a water in the form of pressure energy (b) increasing pressure intensity of water (c) lifting small quantity of water to a greater height by means of large quantity of water falling through small height (d) none of the above.

348. For low head and high discharge, the suitable turbine is (a) Pelton (c) Kaplan (b) Francis (d) None of the above

349. For high head and low discharge, the suitable turbine is (a) Pelton (c) Kaplan (b) Francis (d) None of the above

350. The flow of water, leaving the. impeller, in a centrifugal pump casing is (a) Forced vortex flow (b) Free vortex llow

(c) Centrifugal flow

(d) None of the above

351. Rotameter is used for measuring (a) density of fluids (c) discharge of fluids (b) velocity of fluids in pipes (d) viscosity of fluids

352. A current meter is a device used for measuring (a) velocity (c) current (b) viscosity (d) pressure

353. A hot wire anemometer is a device used for measuring (a) viscosity (b) velocity of gases (c) pressure of gases (d) none of the above

Answers:

341. 342. 343. 344. 345. 346. 347. 348. 349. 350. 351. 352. 353.

b c b c b c c c a b c a b