# Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors

. Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability; Partial Derivatives; Maxima and minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series. Vector Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems. Diferential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchy's and Euler's equations; Laplace transforms; PDEs Laplace, heat and wave equations. Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression analysis. Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; integration of trapezoidal and Simpson's rule; single and multi-step methods for differential equations. Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Textile Fibres: Classification of textile fibres; Essential requirements of fibre forming polymers; Gross and fine structure of natural fibres like cotton, wool and silk. Introduction to important bast fibres; properties and uses of natural and man-made fibres; physical and chemical methods of fibre and blend identification and blend analysis. Molecular architecture, amorphous and crystalline phases, glass transition, plasticization, crystallization, melting, factors affecting Tg and Tm; Process of viscose and acetate preparation. Polymerization of nylon-6, nylon-66, poly (ethylene terephthalate), polyacrylonitrile and

polypropylene. roller arrangements in drafting systems. principles of cotton combing. roving twist.g. lap preparation. Density. ring & traveler designs. thermal methods (DSC. optical and electron microscopy. Methods of investigating fibre structure e. mechanism of bobbin building. causes of mass irregularity introduced by drafting. cause of fibre migration and its estimation. specific volume & packing coefficient. combing efficiency. causes of end breakages. single and folded yarn twist. twist strength relationship in spun yarns. . X-ray diffraction. fibre structure and property correlation. mechanism of cop formation. properties of double yarns. the technology of carding. fibre configuration and orientation in yarn. carding of cotton and synthetic fibres. irregularity index. TGA). moisture sorption in fibres. working principle of ring doubler and two for one twister. structure and morphology of man-made fibres. combing cycle. mechanism and function. forces acting on yarn and traveler.. Principle of ring spinning. Drafting operation. twist less spinning and friction spinning. cleaning and mixing/blending of fibrous materials. I. yarn diameter. compact spinning. tow-to-top conversion and different texturing methods. birefringence.R. roller and apron drafting principle. mechanical properties of fibres. Yarn contraction. principle of non conventional methods of yarn production such as rotor spinning. polyamide and polypropylene spinning. wrap spinning. air jet spinning. Yarn manufacture and yarn structure & properties: Principles of opening. heat setting. properties of ring. post spinning operations such as drawing. characteristic features of PET. absorption. wet and dry spinning of viscose and acrylic fibres. working principle of modern opening and cleaning equipments. rotor and air-jet yarns. recent developments in comber. Roving production. production of core spun yarn. DMA/TMA. Melt Spinning processes.

Basic woven fabric constructions and their derivatives. twist and hairiness. sample size and sampling errors. tensile testing of fibres. FAST and Kawabata instruments and systems for objective fabric evaluation. basic weft and warp knitted structures. compressibility. principles of multiphase and circular looms.Fabric manufacture and Fabric Structure: Principles of cheese and cone winding processes and machines. drape. production and areas of application of nonwoven fabrics. tear strength. measurement of cotton fibre maturity and trash content. package faults and their remedies. Measurement of fibre length. bursting strength and abrasion resistance. features of modern cone winding machines. Principles of weft and warp knitting. fabric appearance and weaving performance. crimp. effect of their settings and timings on fabric formation. Peirce's equations for fabric geometry. Measurement of yarn count. Textile Testing: Sampling techniques. crease recovery. warp and weft stop motions. strength and reflectance. testing equipment for measurement test methods of fabric properties like thickness. rovings and yarns. yarn clearers and tensioners. modern sizing machines. fineness. mechanics of weft insertion with shuttle. HVI and AFIS for fibre testing. dobby and jacquard shedding. leno and double cloth constructions. cord. Correlation analysis. warp protection. Classification. functional principles of weft insertion systems of shuttle-less weaving machines. principles of pirn winding processes and machines. crepe. gauze. elastica model of plain woven fabrics. sizing of spun and filament yarns. primary and secondary motions of loom. thickness. different types of warping creels. random and precision winding. yarns and fabrics. different systems of yarn splicing. significance tests . features of modern beam and sectional warping machines. weft replenishment. terry. air permeability. cover and maximum sett of woven fabrics. Statistical data analysis of experimental results. different sizing systems. evenness testing of slivers.

Finishing: Mechanical finishing of cotton. Evaluation of fastness properties with the help of grey scale. Printing auxiliaries. Transfer printing of polyester. Resist and discharge printing of cotton. Dyeing of cotton knitted fabrics and machines used. Preparatory Processes: Chemistry and practice of preparatory processes for cotton. Printing of cotton with reactive dyes. wool and silk. Batchwise and continuous dyeing machines. light and rubbing fastness. Dyeing of cotton. silk. Milling. Dyeing polyester/cotton and polyester/wool blends. nylon with acid and metal complex dyes. Stiff. Treatment of textile effluents. Methods of dye fixation after printing. nylon and acrylic with appropriate dye classes. Heat setting of polyester. Methods for determination of wash. Pollution: Environment pollution during chemical processing of textiles. Soft. frequency distributions and control charts. water repellent. Printing of polyester/cotton blends with disperse/reactive combination. Energy Conservation: Minimum application techniques. . polyester. polyester and acrylic and polyester/cotton blends. Printing thickeners including synthetic thickeners. decatizing and shrink resistant finishing of wool. silk. Introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics of dyeing. Antistat finishing of synthetic fibre fabrics. Mercerization of cotton. flame retardant and enzyme (biopolishing) finishing of cotton.and analysis of variance. wool. silk and polyester. Dyeing: Classification of dyes. Dye fibre interaction. Printing of polyester with disperse dyes. Printing of wool. Preparatory processes for nylon. Printing: Styles of printing. Developments in inkjet printing. wrinkle resistant.

1 11-14 29-43 39 23-4 Initial modulus(gf/tex) 600-1200 200-300 200-300 600-700 225-900 225-450 500-800 350 300 400-750 210-310 750 .14-1.8-5.34 6.04-.34-1.6-7.9 0.8-5.0-6.3-1.28-1.32 4 1.0 1.5 0.55 7-8 1.17 1.Fibre Polyester Nylon 66 Nylon 6 Acrylic PP Polyester Viscose Acetate Triacetate Cotton Wool Silk Density(g/cm3) Moisture regain (%) 1.46-1.38 0.14 2.5-1.4 1.0 1.14 2.34 10 Tenacity Breaking (gf/tex) elongation (%) 25-54 12-55 32-65 16-65 32-65 30-55 18-30 20-50 35-80 15-35 30-60 10-45 20-51 8-20 13 24 12 30 19-46 5.10 0.54 11-13 1.5 1.32 14-16 1.95 0 1.