This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
is the A¼ for it Usage of ktRiràyaeg ram> + su ⇒ ram> - here ram is the A¼ for ‘su’ àTyy
Samskrit is a declensional language. There are seven sets of declensional affixes (ivÉi´ i.e. sup!-àTyy) of three in each set standing for singular, dual and plural. We have seen that there are six kark i.e. factors related to action. The six kark are assigned six cases in all the àyaeg, For this the basic rules are –
1. A kark that is denoted by a àTyy always takes the first case.
e.g. . . . . . . . oadœ + zp! + it ⇒ oadit - ‘it’ denotes the agent The boy eats an ApUp. bal>1/1 ApUpm! 2/1 oadit balaE1/2 ApUpm! 2/1 oadt> . - The boy eats an ApUp
Action = eating. Root = oadœ (ICP) Agent (ktaR) = bal Object (kmR) = ApUp
- Two boys eat an ApUp - I eat an ApUp
bala>1/3 ApUpm! 2/1 oadiNt
Ahm! 1/1 ApUpm! 2/1 oadim I/2. Tvm! 2/1 ApUpm! 2/1 oadisII/2.
. - The boys eat an ApUp - You eat an ApUp
2. It is used to denote a àaitpidk, in general, i.e. as in a list. e.g. Aj>, gj>, "q>.
Assignment of Cases for the kark kark ktaR
kmRi[àyaeg> , Éaveàyaeg Third case, as it is understood by the verb First case because –
I case as it is denoted by the verb
Therefore, the rule is that the un-denoted ktaR will go in third case The kmR is denoted by the verb in kmRi[àyaeg there is no kmR in Éave àyaeg
II case as it is un-denoted by the verb
Therefore, the rule is that the un-denoted kmR takes the second case III case because it is un-denoted IV case because it is un-denoted V case because it is un-denoted
III case because it is undenoted IV case because it is undenoted V case because it is undenoted VII case because it is undenoted
Aixkr[m! VII case because it is undenoted
Note: The VI case represents a ‘connection’, hence it is un-denoted.
Declension of – ‘dev’ = Masculine Noun ending with an ‘A’ Questions/Answers I II III IV V VI VIII ktaR kr[m! kmR kae ne Nominative Accusative Instrumental Dative Ablative Genitive Locative Vocative who (the doer) whom, what (result of an action) by / with what (action is done) to, for (given, purpose) the origin from, out of, due to who's (relationship) where (in, on), (place of action) (calling out) Singular devm! devay deven dev> Dual devaE deva_yam! devaE Plural devan! devE> deva>
sMàdanm! Apadanm! sMbNxm! sMbaexn
ke ilye, kae ka, ke, kI he, Are me<, pr se
se, ke Öara
devSy he dev deve
deva_yam! deva_y> deva_yam! deva_y> devyae> devyae> he devaE deve;u devanam! he deva>