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Book: First Samuel Principle: Character is foundational to Christian leadership. Key Verse: 1 Sam 12:3 Here I stand. Testify against me in the presence of the LORD and his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkey have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whose hand have I accepted a bribe to make me shut my eyes? If I have done any of these things, I will make it right. Explanation/Illustration of the principle Samuel was one of the greatest leaders that Israel has known. He was called by God as a child and was later ordained by God to replace Eli, the Great priest. As great priest and judge of Israel, Samuel anointed Saul, the first king of Israel and later David, the second king of Israel. After serving the people of God for so long and made so many decisions, at the end of his carrier, Samuel asked the people, Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkey have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whose hand have I accepted a bribe to make me shut my eyes? ( 1 Sam 12:3). Samuel understands the need to have the people evaluate his character before he left the scene of biblical history. The people testified, You have not cheated
or oppressed us," they replied. "You have not taken anything from anyone's hand (1 Sam. 12:

4)." As men of God, the best testimony of who we are comes from those we lead.

Book: Second Samuel Principle: Trust in God is a key ingredient to effective ministry. Key Verse: 2 Sam 22:3 My God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation. He is my stronghold, my refuge and my savior from violent men you save me.

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Explanation/Illustration of the principle Although David was the king of Israel, he believed that God was Israels supreme King. He saw himself as Gods servant. His intent was to obey God even when obeying God hurts. It is Davids trust in God that allowed him to confess his sins with Bathsheba, and the murder of Uriah. The king of Israel confessed to Prophet Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD (2 Samuel 12:13.)" Howell was correct when he wrote, David recognizes the true source of life and extols the Lord as his lamp who turns his darkness into light (2 Sam 22:29).1 It is this trust in God that allowed David to successfully lead the people of Israel for forty years in the mist of difficult times.

Book: First Kings Principle: A leaders style is key to influence. Key Verse: 1 Kings 18:24 - Then you call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of the LORD. The god who answers by firehe is God." Then all the people said, "What you say is good. Explanation/Illustration of the principle The personality of Prophet Elijah is so charismatic that all people around him got affected one way or the other. As a leader, Elijah has a directors style. Malphurs calls it The strong

Don H. Howell, Servant of the Servant: A Biblical Theology of Leadership. (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2003), p. 91.

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leadership style2 This is because leaders with such a style are task-oriented. The prophet showcased his charismatic personality when he defeated the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel. He connected very well with the people of Israel, and they agreed with his decision, what you said is good (1 Kings 18:24). He clearly told the people what he wanted done, Get two bulls for us. Let them choose one for themselves, and let them cut it into pieces and put it on the wood but not set fire to it. I will prepare the other bull and put it on the wood but not set fire to it (1 Kings 18:23). His speech was so persuasive that the people supported him until the prophets of Baal got defeated.

Book: Second Kings Principle: A leaders vision gives direction to his or her mission. Key Verse: 2 Kings 23:25 - Neither before nor after Josiah was there a king like him who turned to the LORD as he didwith all his heart and with all his soul and with all his strength, in accordance with all the Law of Moses. Explanation/Illustration of the principle Josiahs vision was for the people of Judah to obey the laws written in the Scriptures. To achieve his vision, Josiah, the king of Judah, destroyed the heathen altars and the shameful idols on the hills (2 Chronicles 34:3) in the cities of Judah, Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, and Naphtali. He later repaired the temple with money collected from the people. He gathered the elders and communicated to them the need to put the Temple of Lord in order. For the first time since

Aubrey Malphurs, Being Leaders: The Nature of Authentic Christian Leadership, (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2003), p. 95.

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Samuel era, Passover was celebrated in Israel. The nation of Israel had experienced a tremendous religious revival due to King Josiahs vision. Josiah accomplished his vision as Malphurs described it, a clear, challenging picture of the future of the church [Temple of the Lord]3

Book: First Chronicles Principle: A good leader always takes responsibility for his or her actions. Key Verse: 1 Chr. 21:17 - David said to God, "Was it not I who ordered the fighting men to be counted? I am the one who has sinned and done wrong. These are but sheep. What have they done? O LORD my God, let your hand fall upon me and my family, but do not let this plague remain on your people." Explanation/Illustration of the principle First Chronicles 21 tells the story of David who made a census of the people of Israel without Gods approval. God was so angry at David that He sent Davids seer, Gad, to tell David that he only had three options, three years of famine, three months of being swept away before your enemies, with their swords overtaking you, or three days of the sword of the LORDdays of plague in the land, with the angel of the LORD ravaging every part of Israel. 1 Chr. 21:12). David went and interceded to God on behalf of the people. Davids action is what a leader is expected to do. David had shown love for those under his leadership. He did not put his interest first but his followers. So, David had demonstrated that love for others was an integral part of his leadership.

Ibid., p. 60.

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Book: Second Chronicles Principle: Credibility is critical to leadership. Key Verse: 2 Chr. 32:7 - Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or discouraged because of the king of Assyria and the vast army with him, for there is a greater power with us than with him. Explanation/Illustration of the principle These words proceeded from King Hezekiahs mouth to his people when Sennacherib king of Assyria came and invaded Judah. A leaders words are very important. People who follow us rely on what we say. The people trusted the word of the king, And the people gained confidence from what Hezekiah the king of Judah said. (2 Chr. 32:8). As Hezekiah prophesized, the Assyrians army was defeated by the angels of the Lord ( 2 Chro. 32:21-22). Those who are in a position of influence must guard over their mouth about what they say. This is one of the marks of a Christian leader. Malphurs was correct when he said, A Christian leader is a servant with credibility.4

Book: Ezra Principle: A Christian leaders source of truth is the Bible. Key Verse: Ezra 7:10 For Ezra had devoted himself to the study and observance of the Law of the LORD, and to teaching its decrees and laws in Israel.

Ibid., p. 49-50.

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Explanation/Illustration Ezra was a great example of godly leadership. He knew that he had great tasks ahead of him. He had the tasks of rebuilding the Temple and teaching the Word of God to the Israelites. He understood that Gods word was his supreme guide. He then became a devoted and disciplined student of the laws of God. Ezra shows that effective Christian leadership requires a studious devotion of Gods Word. An effective Christian leader must first become a lifelong student of the Bible. This is what Malphurs alluded to when he wrote, Scripture provides the truth-grid through which Christian leaders filter all their information.5 A good Christian leader is a learner.

Book: Nehemiah Principle: Effective Christian leadership begins with a passion. Key Verse: Neh. 2:5 and I answered the king, "If it pleases the king and if your servant has found favor in his sight, let him send me to the city in Judah where my fathers are buried so that I can rebuild it." Explanation/Illustration Nehemiah had a deep passion for God, for his people and his country. His passion sent him straight to King Artaxerxes to ask for permission to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem. I believe there were some risks associated with Nehemiahs demand since rebuilding Jerusalem will strengthen Israel as a nation. However, Nehemiah cared more for the mission than his own life.

Ibid., p. 16.

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Since he heard of the destruction of the wall in Jerusalem, he became overwhelmed with grief for the disgrace of God and His people. This grief created a great passion within Nehemiah. This great passion gave Nehemiah the strength to stand against all odds until the Wall was rebuilt. Nehemiahs determination to rebuild is a great example of what Malphurs describes as a Godgiven capacity to commit oneself fervently over an extended period of time to meeting an objective.6

Ibid., p. 78.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY Howell, Don H. Servant of the Servant: A Biblical Theology of Leadership. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2003. Malphurs, Aubrey. Being Leaders: The Nature of Authentic Christian Leadership. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2003.