Basic Engine Concepts

WVEIS Code 1623

This course will introduce students to basic engine concepts, skills, technology and service of the automobile.

Standard 1: Perform general engine diagnosis, removal and reinstallations (R&R). (1623.S.1)
General Engine Diagnosis, Removal and Reinstallations (R&R) Objectives Students will: 1623.1.1 Interpret and verify complaint; listen to engine noises; inspect engine assembly for fuel, oil, coolant, and other leaks; determine needed repairs. 1623.1.2 Diagnose the cause of excessive oil consumption, unusual engine exhaust color, odor, and sound; determine needed repairs. 1623.1.3 Perform engine vacuum tests; determine needed repairs. 1623.1.4 Perform cylinder power balance tests; cylinder compression tests; cylinder leakage tests; determine needed repairs. 1623.1.5 Remove engine (front-wheel drive); prepare for disassembly; reinstall engine.

Standard 2: Demonstrate cylinder head and valve train diagnosis and repair. (1623..S.2)
Cylinder Head and Valve Train Diagnosis and Repair Objectives Students will: 1623.2.1 Remove cylinder head(s); inspect cylinder head(s) for cracks; check gasket surface areas for warpage and leakage; check passage condition. 1623.2.2 Install cylinder heads and gaskets; tighten according to manufacturer’s specifications and procedures. 1623.2.3 Inspect and test valve springs for squareness, pressure, and free height comparison; inspect valve spring retainers, locks, and valve grooves; replace as needed. Replace valve stem seals. 1623.2.4 Inspect valve guides for wear; check valve guide height and stem-to-guide clearance; inspect valves; inspect valve seats; recondition or replace as needed. 1623.2.5 Check valve face-to-seat contact and valve seat concentricity (run out), service seats and valves as needed. 1623.2.6 Check valve spring assembled height and valve stem height; service valve and spring assemblies as needed. 1623.2.7 Inspect pushrods, rocker arms, rocker arm pivots and shaft for wear, bending, cracks, looseness, and blocked oil passages (orifices); repair or replace. 1623.2.8 Inspect hydraulic or mechanical lifters; replace as needed. Adjust valves (mechanical or hydraulic lifters). 1623.2.9 Inspect and replace camshaft drives (including gear wear and backlash, sprocket and chain wear, overhead cam drive sprockets, drive belts, belt tension, and tensioners). 1623.2.10 Inspect camshaft for run out, measure journals and lobes for wear. 1623.2.11 Inspect and measure camshaft bearings for wear, damage, out-of-round, and alignment; determine needed repairs. 1623.2.12 Verify camshaft(s) timing according to manufacturer’s specifications and procedure.

Standard 3: Perform engine block diagnosis and repair. (1623.S.3)
Engine Block Diagnosis and Repair Objectives Students will: 1623.3.1 Inspect and replace pans, covers, gaskets, and seals. 1623.3.2 Inspect engine block for cracks, passage condition, core and gallery plug condition, and 1

test. and refill cooling system with recommended coolant and bleed air as required. inspect. measure.4 1623. combustion leakage.9 1623. 1623.3 Inspect.4.4 Inspect and replace engine cooling and heater system hoses. 1623.4. 1623. inspect rod alignment and bearing bore condition. pressure relief devices. and test fan(s) (electrical or mechanical).11 Perform oil and filter change.5 Inspect.3. 1623. Identify piston and bearing wear patterns that indicate connecting rod alignment and main bearing bore problems. Standard 4: Perform lubrication and cooling systems diagnosis and repair. and pump drive. replace. Inspect. determine needed repairs (includes the proper selections of bearings).10 Inspect.6 1623.3. and adjust drive belts and pulleys. and coolant recovery system. Deglaze and clean cylinder walls. 1623. measure journal wear.3. 1623.3. Inspect internal and external threads.8 Inspect and test radiator.S.3.2 Perform cooling system tests (pressure. Inspect and measure main and connecting rod bearings for damage.10 1623. remove. reinstall and time.4.7 1623.5 1623.4. service or replace pistons.12 1623. Remove cylinder wall ridges.14 surface warpage.4.4. intermediate. counterbalance or silencer) shaft(s). and end play. check oil passage condition. replace as needed.3 1623. clearance. Inspect auxiliary (balance. replace as needed. Reassemble engine components using correct gaskets and sealants. inspect oil pump ears or rotors. Prime engine lubrication system.4. and replace water pump. .9 Clean.6 Inspect coolant. determine needed repairs. fan clutch. remove.3.8 1623. inspect and test electrical fan control system and circuits. Inspect crankshaft for surface cracks and journal damage. remove and replace radiator. inspect shaft(s) and support bearings for damage and wear. and replace thermostat and housing. Inspect auxiliary oil coolers. (1623. fan shroud and air dams. determine needed repairs. test.3.13 1623. Inspect and measure cylinder walls for damage and wear.1623.4.4. 1623.1 Perform oil pressure tests. flush. measure. determine needed repairs. and replace oil temperature and pressure switches and sensors.4. Inspect. housing. 1623. determine needed repairs. repair or replace crankshaft vibrations damper (harmonic balancer). and install piston rings. Inspect flywheel or flex plate and ring gear for cracks and wear.7 Inspect. and replace crankshaft pilot bearing or bushing (as applicable). Inspect.3. measure run out and determine needed repairs. Inspect.11 1623. 1623. pressure cap.4) Cooling Systems Diagnosis and Repair Objectives Students will: 1623. idler.3.4.3. drain. repair as needed. 1623. and temperature) determine needed repairs.3.3. test.

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