A Green Solution to Enhance Our Future

Vetiver System:

The Vetiver Network (International) 709 Briar Rd, Bellingham, WA 98225 USA
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network
<#>

OUTLINE
Vetiver System The Vetiver Plant Past Achievements
On-farm soil & water conservation Infrastructure stabilisation Environmental protection Other applications

Future Direction
Poverty alleviation Crop protection Carbon sequestration Fuel Phytomining
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 2

Vetiver Systems (VS)
VS is a low-cost technology using Vetiver grass. VS can help solve serious problems realting to: o Soil and water conservation (on-farm and off-farm) o The stabilization of soil related infrastructure, and the containment of sediment from such structures o Rehabilitation of wasted and ecologically damaged sites and the containment of such sites agianst future disaters o Water-pollution and waste management In addition Vetiver grass leaves and roots can be used: As a source of feed for livestock and wild life For pest control (intercropping, bio-pesticide) For handicraft (baskets, hats) In building construction (bricks, roofing) For water purification and medicinal purposes As an ingredient for cosmetics
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 3

Vetiver Grass - The Plant
Special attributes
•A deep, penetrating and extensive root system that binds the soil, and reinforces the structure. •Erect and stiff stems and leaves forming a dense hedge that is very effective in reducing the erosive power of strong water flows • Vetiver is tolerant to a wide range of climatic conditions, temperature ranges from –140C to 550C • Vetiver is tolerant to drought, saline, sodic and acidic soil conditions. • Vetiver survives under prolonged and complete submergence and it resumes growth after the water recedes. • Vetiver regenerates quickly after a fire
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 4

Above Ground
A one year old Vetiver stand showing stiff and erect leaves that form a thick hedge when planted in rows

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

5

Nine month old plant with 3.3m deep root system

Below ground!!
Vetiver roots have a tensile strength equivalent to 1/6 strength of mild steel reinforcement

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

6

Past Achievements
On-Farm Soil & Water Conservation
The application of the Vetiver System has resulted in:
Soil loss reduction up to 90% Rainfall runoff reduction up to 70% Crop yield increases up to 50% Soil Fertility improvement Rural biproducts Overall poverty reduction and sustainable farming
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 7

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Acid sulfate Soil - a problem often associated with tropical flood plain and coastal areas The Solution

The Problem

Australia

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

8

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Flood Erosion Control

Australia

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

9

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Flood Erosion control
Australia

Three months after flooding

Vetiver hedges protected crops and land from flood erosion
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network

After 7 years

Six years later
10

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Erosion control - Problem crop -Cassava
The Problem

Thailand

The Solution
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 11

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Erosion control - Madagascar
The Problem The Problem

The Solution
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 12

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Erosion control - Bali - Indonesia
The Problem The Problem

The Solution

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

13

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Erosion control - Dabie Mountains - China

The Problem The Problem The Solution

The Solutions The Solutions

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

14

On-Farm Soil and Water Conservation

Erosion control - Central Coastal Vietnam

The Problem

The Solution

The Solution
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 15

Past Achievements
Infrastructure Stabilization

)

Vetiver Vetiver Australia Native grass

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

16

Infrastucture Stabilization
Malaysia Central America

The Problem The Solution

Road fill and batter stabilization Australia
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 17

Infrastucture Stabilization

The Problem

China

The Solution

Dam wall stabilization
Australia
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 18

River bank stabilization

Infrastucture Stabilization Vietnam The Problem
Cross rows

Malaysia
Horizontal rows

Flood Erosion Erosion Control

The Solution

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

19

Infrastructure Stabilization

Gas Pipeline Stablization
Before

Thailand

6 months later

3 years later

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

20

Infrastucture Stabilization

Disaster Mitigation
Cyclone damage

Madagascar

PK 75+900

FCE Railway proofed against cyclone damage
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 21

QuarryRevegetation

Infrastucture Stabilization

Extreme Eco-Engineering

China Regreening
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 22

Past Achievements
Sewage effluent infested with BlueGreen algae due to high Nitrate (100mg/L) and high Phosphate (10mg/L)

)

Environmental Protection

Same effluent 4 days after treating with vetiver, reducing N level to 6mg/L (94%) and P to 1mg/L (90%)
The Vetiver Network 23

5/19/2007

Environmental Protection

Australia - water purification

Clear water

Stagnant pond heavily infested with bluegreen algae Three months after planting
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 24

Environmental Protection

Treatment of domestic effluent Australia

Australia Treating sewage effluent at a church camp

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

25

Environmental Protection

China Treating piggery effluent

Vietnam

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

26

Environmental Protection
Highly contaminated with heavy metals

One year after planting

Treating landfill Leachate in Australia

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

27

Environmental Protection

Tertiary Treatment of Sewage EffluentAUSTRALIA

Australia

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

28

Environmental Protection

Vetiver Hedges

Vetiver Hedges

Trapping herbicides on cotton farms in Australia to prevent downstream fish kill

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

29

Environmental Protection

Coal mine rehabilitation - Australia

Before - unstable and eroding

One year after treatment
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 30

Vetiver planting promoted Dust storm the survival of other species to control dust storms

Environmental Protection

Gold mine rehabilitation in Australia

Typical dust storm on gold mine tailings dam

Gold mine tailings are high in heavy metals such as Arsenic
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 31

Crop Protection Pest Control

Past Achievements

)
Maize
Field experiment (20 x 20 m blocks of maize)
50 Damaged plants (%) 40 30 20 10 0 Surrounded by vetiver mono crop maize

Vetiver
5/19/2007

Damaged maize plants (%) in a block of maize surrounded by vetiver under field conditions
The Vetiver Network 32

Number of eggs / replicate

1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 Vetiver Maize

Crop Protection
Recent research in South Africa

Number of eggs laid by Chilo moths in 2-choice tests in a green house

Larval recovery (%)

200 150 100 50 0
130%

Number of eggs / plant

800 600 400 200 0 Vetiver Maize

Maize

Vetiver

Survival of Chilo partellus larvae after 28 days in a green house experiment.

Number of eggs per plant laid by Chilo moths in 2-choice tests in cages

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

33

Phytoremediation
Removal of heavy metals in mine tailings

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

34

Construction Materials

Thatching material in Africa and Asia

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

35

Construction Materials
Cement Replacement Material
Low-cost, environmental-friendly, energy-saving construction material can be made from vetiver grass ash as a mortar especially for the rural areas Can be used as pozzalanic material

Vetiver clay tiles

Rice storage silo

Thailand

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

36

Handicrafts

From shoots

From roots for insect repellant use
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 37

Medicinal Uses

Traditional Medicines
Dissolve gallstones; reduce fever; heal stomach discomfort; relief rheumatism, lumbago, headache, sprain, prostrate cancer, diabetes; improve skin conditions.

Aromatherapy
☯ ☯ ☯ ☯ ☯
5/19/2007

balance the activity of sebaceous oil gland normalize oily skin and clear acne prevent stretch marks of pregnant women strengthen central nervous system overcome depression, insomnia, anxiety, stress, tension and nervousness, etc.
The Vetiver Network 38

Medicinal Uses

Herbal Drinks
In India: Refreshing drinking water is made
from vetiver roots

In Thailand: Root and leaves in equal
proportions are boiled in water until the liquid is concentrated; it is taken as herbal drink

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

39

Fragrance

Fragrance
Vetiver roots contain essential oil, thus can be used to produce various aromatic products Natives of many countries where vetiver grows produce traditional fragrant products from vetiver such as potpourri, soap, hair pomade, volatile oil for skin treatment, etc.

Flavor
In India, vetiver essence is used to flavor a soft drink (Sharbat), syrup, and ice cream
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 40

Future Direction and Needs
Dissimination and Demonstration
Seminars, worshops and conferences to evaluate lessons learned, and promotion of VS applications in Asia, Africa and Latin America Demonstration sites to show the effectiveness of VS in various applications to farmers, local authorities, and potential vetiver entrepreneurs and businesses. Including VS applications in standard designs and policy

Research
Crop protection particularly rice, maize, sorghum in Africa and Asia. Vetiver selection and breeding to match different application needs Root system impact on soil permeability (impact on piping near dykes)
5/19/2007 The Vetiver Network 41

How You Could Help ?
By contribution or sponsoring:
General support Sponsoring a particular activity or project Sponsoring a specific project in certain regions or countries

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

42

Acknowledgements
The Vetiver Network thanks in particular Elise Pinners and Paul Truong for providing the basis for this presentation, and the many participants attending the Third International Conference on Vetiver (held in China in October 2003) who generously allowed the publication of their Power Point presentations from which many of the images in this presentation have been drawn.

5/19/2007

The Vetiver Network

43

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful