Capricorn 30: A secret business conference

T h e w o r d s e cr et d e s c e n d s f r o m t w o r o o t s . T h e f i r st i s t h e I n d o E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t s (w ) e- w h i c h i s a “pronoun of the third person and r e f l e x i v e ( r e f e r r i n g b a c k t o t he s u b j e c t o f t he se n t e n c e ) ” a n d which appears “in various forms r e f e r r i n g t o t h e s oc i a l g r o u p a s a n e n t i t y ” , e . g . o u r - s e lv e s . 1 P a r o n y m s i n c l u d e se l f , se l ve s, go s s ip , s ib , b u s t le , s wa in , s u i ci de , s wa m i , s e c e de ,

s e c l u de , s e c u re , sedi t i o n , se du c t i o n , se gre ga t e , s e le c t , sep a ra te , s e ve r, s u re , s ob e r, s o l e, so l i t a ry , s o l it u de , so l o , de s o la t e , s o li lo q u y , s o da li t y, c u s t o m , ma s ti f f , e th i c , e t h o s, et h n o, idi o - , i di o m, i di o t , idi o s yn c ra s y , a n d K h o t a ne s e . T h e s e co n d i s t he I E r o ot k r ei - w hi c h m e a n s “ t o s i e v e ,
d i s c r i m i n a t e , d i st i n g u i s h . ” 2 P a r o n y m s i n c l u d e ga rb le , c rim e , c ri mi n a l ,

c e rt a in , c o n c e rn , co n c e rt , de c ree , disc e rn , e x c re m en t , se c re t a ry , c ri ti c , c ri t e ri on , e n do c ri ne , a n d h yp o c ris y .
T h e w o r d b usi ness d e s c e n d s f r o m t he O l d E n g l i s h b i si gn es ( c a re , a n x i e t y , o c c up a t i on ) a n d b is i g ( c a r e fu l , a n xi o u s, b u s y, oc c u p i e d, diligent). By the late 14 th century it was used in the sense of “work o c c u p a t i o n ” a n d b y t h e e a r l y 1 8 t h ce n t u r y i t a l s o w a s u s e d t o m e a n “ t r a d e , c o m m e r ci a l e n g a g e m e n t s. ” 3 F i n a l l y , t he w o r d c o nf er e nce i s t he a dv e r b i a l f o r m o f t h e a d j e c t i v e

f u rt i ve w h i c h d e s ce n d s f r o m t h e IE ro o t b h er- 1 , “ t o ca rr y ; a l s o t o b e a r
c h i l d r e n . ” 4 P a r o n y ms i n c l u d e a m p h o r, a n ap h o ra , b ea r , b arro w , b i rt h,

b o re , b ri n g, b u rden , b u ri a l, b u rl y , c on f e r , de fe r , di f f e r, e u p h o ri a , fe rre t ,
1 2 3 4 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 87 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 44 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=business Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 10 Starling Hunter © 2011 1

f o rb e a r , f o rt u n e , fu rt i ve , i n f e r, m et ap h o r , o f f e r, p re f e r, p ro f f e r , re f e r , s u f f e r , a n d t ra n s fer .
TH EMES : T a k e n t o ge t h e r, t h e k e y w o r d s a n d t he i r p a r o n ym s d e s c r i b e a w i d e v a r i e t y o f BUS I NE SS P ROCE SS ESS a n d F I NANC IA L AS SET S , s o me o f w h i c h a r e u ne t h i cal . T h e se i n c l u d e :  

Securities: an evidence of debt or of property, as a bond or certificate of stock Severance pay: “money, exclusive of wages, back pay, etc., paid to an employee who
has tenure and who is dismissed because of lack of work or other reasons beyond the employee's control”

       

Bearer bond: a bond not registered in anyone's name and payable to whoever
possesses it

Fortune
Public offering: “a sale of a new issue of securities to the general public through a managing underwriter”

Business ethics Business crime Secret transfers Preferred stock: “stock that has a superior claim to that of common stock with
respect to dividends”

Customs officials

Starling Hunter © 2011

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