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Disaster Risk Reduction through Sustainable development in Pakistan

1. Background
We know that catastrophic events which are always threatening the human population and their economic stability is considered as disasters and if this event in not effecting the humans in any way then it is considered as a natural event and not as a disaster. According to statistics of disasters the number of life losses and loss of financial capital is increasing in the recent years, there are many theories about the increasing vulnerability of humans around the world, as some people think that global warming is responsible while there are some people who even think that this increase is due to some more dramatic reason like End of the world or the Governments conspiracies In reality the reason for this steady increase in loss of human life and livelihood is due to unbounded increase in population which in turn stimulates unsustainable development in all aspects of life. It has become apparent that the risk of disaster can be minimized by carefuly planning the development, after identifying all possible hazards to which a community can be vulnerable, this approach may be the most beneficial method of disaster risk reduction as it can minimize the risk of almost all of the disasters. It can be implemented before and after the disaster occurrence. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them: here it has been strongly influenced by the mass of research on vulnerability that has appeared in print since the mid-1970s. It is the responsibility of development and relief agencies alike and it should be an integral part of the way such organizations do their work, not an add-on or one-off action. DRR is very wide-ranging, therefore. Its scope is much broader and deeper than conventional emergency management. There is potential for DRR initiatives in just about every sector of development and humanitarian work. Sustainable development (SD) is a pattern of resource use, that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come (sometimes taught as ELF-Environment, Local people, Future). The term was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Sustainable development ties together concern for the carrying capacity of natural systems with the social challenges facing humanity. As early as

the 1970s "sustainability" was employed todescribe an economy "in equilibrium with basic ecological support systems." Ecologists have pointed to The Limits to Growth and presented the alternative of a "steady state economy" in order to address environmental concerns. The field of sustainable development can be conceptually broken into three constituent parts: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and sociopolitical sustainability. Definition of Sustainable Development Scheme of sustainable development: at the confluence of three constituent parts.(2006) In 1987, the United Nations released the Brundtland Report, which included what is now one of the most widely recognised definitions: "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two key concepts: the concept of 'needs', in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs.

Sustainable development has more then just saveguarding the tommorow its also has the key to a better today, its helps us to understand the dynamics of nature and society so that we can plan better and effectively, we know that we are facing great losses of human lives just because we did not considered the possibilities.its simple maths that we can not manage the disaster when it has occurred as it is a complex continum of events which intersect the natural,social and economic aspects of our lives.when the word disaster management is used after the event primarily its just a reference to the rescuing and keeping the surviving community alive but sustainable development means that a community do not have to suffer if we can lead it to a path which does not intersect the paths with nature uncessarily where their livelihood is not environmental encroachment but a friendly relation.

2. Justification
In the recent years our country has faced some of the worst disasters in history, these disaster have raised the awareness of the population of pakistan and everybody is now actively involved in disaster management one way or the other but In this country most of the time disaster management is associated with post-disaster efforts and most of the time the efforts of risk reduction is left out, tireless efforts are needed to mainstream the idea of sustainable development with context to disaster risk reduction. A systematic study is needed to elaborate this approach for disaster risk reduction in Pakistan through Sustainable Development and that working models can be produced by employing this approach in the core of disaster management plan. One of the benefits of this approach to disaster risk reduction is that it can extensively and safely rely on modern techniques like GIS,scientific land use planning etc,. It has become very important to compare, relate and evolve the efforts of DRR, SD together in the light of Global standards and recommendations,the primary purpose of this research will be to link together the legislations,policies and grass root realities concerning the Disaster risk reduction through sustainble development in context with Pakistan. Disaster risk reduction through Sustainable developement is like a pre-emptive measure for any possible future event. This approach can be used in disasters of almost all natures and magnitudes. Earthquakes Landslides Hurricanes Cyclones Floods Droughts Desertification Social unrest Urban disasters Tsunami Heat waves

3. Obectives
Comparing the global standards and recommendation on integration of Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction ,with the local realities in Pakistan. To compare and analyse the legislature of DRR and SD in Pakistan. To compare and analyse the efforts in pakistan concerning integration of DRR and SD. Identification of Possibilities and limitations of integration of DRR and SD in pakistan.

4. Universe
It is a descriptive and comparative study of DRR through Sustainable develeopment in pakistan referring to Global standards and recommendations.

5. Research Methodology
The planned methodology is secondary research, The researcher will make use of published materials such as books, journals and newspapers to collect data and information regarding the topic. The researcher will also make use of the internet to obtain information about the current situation in our country and comparison with other successful models around the world. For the research, the researcher will mainly rely on secondary data in obtaining the information. model cases will be analysed to prove to sustainable development is primary step toward efficient disaster management. To collect accurate and reliable data on the problem, a mixed method approach will be beneficial, because it allows both qualitative and quantitative data collection, a mixed method research can be defined as the class of research where the researcher mixes or combines quantitative and qualitative research techniques, methods, approaches, concept or language in to a single study (Johnson & Onwuebuzie 2002, quoted in Steckley 2006).