Survival Guide

Stranded on an Island?
By Jaafar Bennani

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WATER'.................................................................................5 RAIN%WATER% ..................................................................................6 MORNING%DEW%..............................................................................6 SOLAR%STILL%...................................................................................7 FOOD' .....................................................................................8 POISONOUS%PLANTS%......................................................................9 HUNTING%......................................................................................12 Weapons)....................................................................................12 Traps)...........................................................................................12
Paiute%Deadfall%..............................................................................................12 Bottle%Trap%......................................................................................................13 FISHING%........................................................................................13

Table of Contents

HOW'TO'START'A'FIRE' .................................................14 FRICTION%......................................................................................15 LENS% ..............................................................................................15 BIBLIOGRAPHY'...............................................................16

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Water

Rain Water
! Rain water is the best secondary source of water. It doesn’t need to be purified and is easy to collect. However, it is very scarce; you cannot rely on it for water.

Materials
• A Large Container • A Rainy Day

Procedure
1. If you do not have a large container, you need to make one. You can do so by putting large leaves together in a bowl shape. You should make sure that you would keep as much water as possible in the bowl you made. 2. Wait for a rainy day and leave your container outside to collect the rain.
Warning! Rain brings chemicals and smog down with it as it falls. If the air above is polluted, then do not drink the rain.

Morning Dew
! Morning dew is a very reliable source of water. Every morning, you will find a few droplets on plants; it doesn’t have to be raining or misty. However, it comes in small quantities.

Materials
• Cloth • Plants • Water container (coconut)

Procedure
1. Wake up early in the morning (it has to be before the sun rises, afterwards the water evaporates). 2. Carefully with the cloth, collect the water to drink in your water container.
Warning! Do not take the morning dew from poisonous flowers. See Page: 09 6

Solar Still
! Solar still Is the most complicated way of getting water explained in this guide. It takes time and effort. Yet, it is the fastest way to get a lot of water.

Materials
• A water pot or container • Rocks • Plastic sheets or large leaves • Something to dig a hole with

Procedure
1. Dig a hole in the ground which would receive the maximum amount of sunlight. 2. Place your water container in the center 3. Fill the hole with salt water, but do not fill the water container. 4. Place the plastic sheets or the large, thin leaves on top of the hole such as the water evaporating gets trapped. 5. Place rocks all around for the leaves or plastic don’t fly off. 6. Place a rock in the center for the fresh water to flow in the container. 7. Wait for the water to evaporate, leaving the salt behind, and condensing when it hits the leaves or plastic, and flows back into the water container. 7.1. This process can take up to three days. 8. When complete, you can drink the water from the pot.

Food

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Poisonous Plants
! Poisonous plants is seriously dangerous. If you eat the wrong kind of plant, you could die. This is why you should’t eat plants unless you are sure they are not poisonous. Although this can be a very difficult task, it is necessary for your safety.

The most dangerous plants you might encounter

10.Wisteria

9.Foxglove

8.Hydrangea

The most dangerous plants you might encounter

7.Lily of the valley

6.Anthurium

5.Chrysanthemum

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The most dangerous plants you might encounter

4.Oleander

3.Ficus

2.Rhododendron

1.Narcissus

Hunting
! Hunting might not always be available depending on your situation, but if it is, then it is a great way of getting food. It will provide you with nutrients such as proteins and will provide leather which can be used to collect water of keep you warm. ! There are several ways for you to hunt. You could make a weapon and aim at the animals, or you could set a trap and wait for the animal to get trapped.

Weapons
! Making a weapon is very simple.

Materials
• Long piece of wood • Sharp rock or knife • Rock • Twine

Procedure
1. 2. 3. 4. Carve the rock in a “v” shape and make it sharp. Carve two slots on the sides to attach the rock to the stick. Carve a small line across the diameter at one end of the stick. Tie the rock to the stick using the twine.

Traps
! A trap is more difficult to make, yet a well placed trap will bring in more food than a simple weapon.

Paiute Deadfall
! The Paiute Deadfall is one of the simplest traps you can make.

Materials
• Long pieces of wood • Large boulder • Twine • Bait

Procedure
1. 2. 3. 4. Attach the twine to one of the pieces of wood. Raise the boulder and sustain it with the wood. Place the bait under the rock and wait behind the bushes. When an animal arrives, pull the twine and the boulder will crush it.
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Traps
! A trap is more difficult to make, yet a well placed trap will bring in more food than a simple weapon.

Bottle Trap
! The Bottle Trap is designed to easily trap mice and voles.

Materials
• 2 Rocks • Log • Something to dig a hole with

Procedure
1. 2. 3. 4. Dig a hole about 40 centimeters deep (about your forearm-length). Make the walls go inward (so the mice does not escape). Use the rock to place the log about 5 centimeters above the hole. Wait for a rodent to get trapped in the hole.

Fishing
! Fishing is most likely going to be your choice for food. You should have an abundant amount of fish, for you are on an island. However, it is harder to catch and it doesn’t provide any other goods like leather. Yet, it is still one of the simplest ways of getting food. ! One of the ways you can fish is with a spear. See page 12 to make a spear. You would aim at the fish and shoot with the spear.

How to Start a Fire

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Friction
! Friction is probably your best chance at getting a fire started. You do not need anything special to start it and it is very simple. However, it is time consuming.

Materials
• Two dry branches • A pile of wood

Procedure
1. Keep one branch stable. 2. Spin the other one on top of it. 2.1. This will create heat and eventually fire. 3. Once one of the branches is on fire, place it in the pile of wood, setting the rest of the pile on fire.

Lens
! If you have a lens, then it would be the simplest way for you to start a fire. It is fast and effective. Unfortunately, you may not necessarily have a lens with you.

Materials
• A lens • Dry branches • A pile of wood

Procedure
1. Place the lens 20 centimeters above the dry branches. 2. Make sure the sunlight that passes through the lens is concentrated on the branches. 3. Once one of the branches is on fire, place it in the pile of wood, setting the rest of the pile on fire.
Warning! Do not keep the fire burning oft the whole night, you could set everything on fire.

Bibliography
Google%Images.%2K5%November%2011%<http:// images.google.com/>. "How%do%I%Make%Salt%Water%into%Drinking%Water%on%a%Desert% Island?"%eHow.%7%November%2011%<http://www.ehow.com/ how_6888030_doKdrinkingKwaterKdesertKisland_.html>. Kayser,%Renée%and%Pierre%Ballouhey.%"Copain%des%Bois."%Kayser,% Renée.%Toulouse:%MILAN,%2000. Lloyd,%Robin.%"Countdown:%Ten%Most%Common%Poisonous% Plants."%17%May%2007.%Live%Science.%7%November%2011%<http:// www.livescience.com/11356KtopK10KpoisonousKplants.html>. MCKAY,%BRETT%and%KATE%MCKAY.%9%Ways%To%Start%a%Fire% Without%Matches.%29%April%2008.%3%November%2011%<http:// artofmanliness.com/2008/04/29/9KwaysKtoKstartKaKbireK withoutKmatches/>. Myers,%J.%"JMyersPhotographs."%<http:// www.jmyersphotographs.com/keyword/macro %20photography/ 1/1133652122_2W75W#1133652122_2W75W>. "Traps%and%Snares."%Wilderness%Survival.%2%November%2011% <http://www.wildernessKsurvival.net/foodK2.php>.

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