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Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2E/85

Guide Signs Design And Application

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Roads Branch Public Works Department Malaysia Jalan Sultan Salahuddin 50582 Kuala Lumpur

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ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2E/87

JABATAN KERJA RAYA

GUIDE SIGNS DESIGN AND APPLICATION

CAWANGAN JALAN, IBU PEJABAT J.K.R, JALAN SULTAN SALAHUDDIN, 50582 KUALA LUMPUR.
Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

HARGA : RM 13.00
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GUIDE SIGNS DESIGN AND APPLICATION

PREFACE
This Arahan Teknik: (Jalan) 2E/87 - "Guide Sign Design And Application" - is an addition to the Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2/85 series on "Manual on Traffic Control Devices" which was published in 1986. It is to be used for the design and application of guide signs. Nevertheless there are parts of this Arahan Teknik which not only include, but add information on standard traffic signs i.e. regulatory, warning and temporary signs. Since this Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2E/87 has in parts superseded Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2A/85 and Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85, it must therefore be read or used in conjunction with them. Attached within is also a summary of addendums and amendments to both the Arahan Tekniks mentioned. It must be noted that the sign design and application standard indicated in this Arahan Teknik and those others in series 2/85 are to be followed at all times. This Arahan Teknik. (Jalan) 2E/87 will be updated from time to time and in this respect any feedback from users will be most welcome. Any comments should be sent to Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, Kuala Lumpur

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Guide Signs Design And Application

SUMMARY OF ADDENDUMS AND AMMENDMENTS TO ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2A & 2B / 85
ARAHAN TEKNIK SECTION DESCRIPTION PAGE REMARK

2 3 2A/85 4 Part 1 Part 2

Types of Guide Signs Colour Code for Traffic Signs

2 3

Amended - see Section 1.3 Amended - see Appendix E Amended - see Appendix C Addendum - see Appendix F Addendum - see Appendix F Addendum - see Section 2.4 Addendum - see Section 2.5 Addendum - see Appendix E Amended - see Section 1.3 Ammend - see Section 2.1 Addendum - see Table 2.2 Addendum - see Table 2.2 & 2.3 Amended - see Table 2.2 & 2.3 Amended -see Section 2.3 Amended - see Sect. 3.1 & 3.2 Amended - see Section 3.3 Amended - see Section 3.4 Amended - see Section 3.5

List of Acceptable Abbreviations for Traffic Signs 4 Regulatory Signs Warning Signs 7-11 21-40

2.12

Post & Mounting of Traffic Signs

11

2.14 2.15

Traffic Sign Materials Colour Code for Traffic Signs

12 12

2C.2

Classification of Guide Signs

15

2C.3 2C.4 2B/85 2C.5 2C.6

Colours and Shape of Guide Size of Guide Signs Lettering on Guide Signs Border on Guide Signs

15 15 16 17

2C.7 2C.8

Directional Symbols on Guide Signs Destination Signs

18 18

2C.9 2C.10 2C.11

Distance Signs Information Signs Route Markers

20 20 22

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Guide Signs Design And Application

CONTENTS PART ONE: GENERAL ON TRAFFIC SIGNS 1.1 Purpose Of Traffic Signs 1.2 General Principles Of Traffic Signs 1.3 Classification Of Traffic Signs

PAGE

1-8 1-8 1-8

PART TWO : GENERAL DESIGN CONSIDERATION ON TRAFFIC SIGNS 2.1 Colours Of Traffic Signs 2.2 Lettering And Borders On Traffic Signs 2.3 Symbol On Traffic: Signs 2.4 Post And Mounting of Traffic Signs 2.5 Materials Used Can Traffic Signs 2-9 2-9 2-9 2-9 2-10

PART THREE: LAYOUT DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF GUIDE SIGNS 3.1 General 3.2 Destination Signs 3.3 Directional Signs 3.4 Distance Signs 3.5 Information Signs 3.6 Route Number Markers APPENDIX A APPENDIX B APPENDIX C APPENDIX D APPENDIX E APPENDIX F (Addendums, Supplementary And Sizes) Placenames On Guide Signs on Federal And Major State Roads Standard Abbreviation for Place Names Application Of Guide Signs Colour Codes And Chromaticity Coordinates Additional Standard Traffic Signs 3-19 3-19 3-1 9 3-19 3-19 3-27

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Guide Signs Design And Application

LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 3.1 3.2 Layout Design Of Destination Signs Layout Design Of Directional Signs PAGE 3-20 3-22

3.2A An Example Of Directional Sign And Information Sign Mounted On The Same Posts 3.3 3.4 3.5 Layout Design Of Distance Signs Layout Design Of Information Signs (General Service Sign) Layout Design Of Information Signs (Recreational or Historical and Cultural Interest Area Sign) Layout Design Of Information Signs (Service and RecreationalSigns) Layout Design Of Information Signs (River Name Sign) Layout Design Of Information Signs (Town or Village Name Sign) Layout Design Of Information Signs (Government Building Sign)

3-24 3-25 3-28

3-29

3.6

3-30

3.7

3-31

3.8

3-32

3.9

3-33 3-34 3-35

3.10 Layout Design Of Information Signs (Message Sign) 3.11 Layout Design Of Information Signs (Example Of Message Signs) 3.12 Layout Design Of Information Signs (Warning Message Sign) 3.13 Layout Design Of Information Signs (Examples Of Warning Message Signs) 3.14 Layout Design Of Information Signs (Examples of Warning Message Signs) 3.15 Layout Design Of Route Number Markers (Type A) 3.16 Layout Design of Route Number Markers (Type B and Type C )

3-36 3-37

3-38

3-40 3-41

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Guide Signs Design And Application PAGE A-64 A-65 A-66 A-67

FIGURE A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 D.1 Directional. Arrow Diagramatic Pointers Gantry Arrow Expressway Logo Typical Application Of Guide Signs For T-Intersection Leading To Place Names in Appendix B Typical Application Of Guide Signs For T-Intersect Lion. Not Listed And Not Leading Names In To Place Names In Appendix B But Major State Links Typical Application Of Guide Signs For T-Intersection Of Minor Roads Typical Application of Guide Signs For X-Intersection Leading To Place Names in Appendix B Typical Application Of Guide Signs For X-Intersection Not Listed And Not Leading To Place Names in Appendix B But Major State Links Typical Application Of Guide Signs For X-Intersection Of Minor Roads Actual Example Of Guide Signs Application Details Of The Guide- Signs Indicated In Fig.D.7 Application of Recreational Area Signs Chromaticity Diagram

D-114

D.2

D-115 D-116

D.3 D.4

D-117

D.5

D-118 D-119 D-120 D-121 D-122 E-125

D.6 D.7 D.8 D.9 E.1

F.1 F.2 F.3 F.4 F.5 F.6

Supplementary Standard Warning Signs Addendums To Standard Warning Signs Addendums To Standard Warning Signs Addendums To Standard Warning Signs Supplementary Sign For RM1 Addendums To Standard Regulatory Signs

F-128 F-129 F-130 F-131 F-132 F-133

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LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3.1 3.2 A.1 Colour Of Traffic Signs Types And Sizes Of Letterings And Borders On Traffic Signs Letter Height And Border Width Directional Symbols Arrangement Of Directional Arrows In Descending Order Information Signs Details Of Route Markers Series 1 & Lower Case Unit Letter Width, Spacing Constants, Mosaic Width Series 1 Unit Numeral Width, Spacing Constants, Mosaic Width Lower Case - Letter Width Lower Case - Spacing Between Letters Lower Case - Spacing Factor Series 2 - Letter And Numeral Dimensions Series 2 Letter And Numeral Spacings - Spacing Between Letters Series 2 Letter And Numeral Spacings - Spacing Factors Chromaticity Coordinates Size Of Standard Traffic Signs

PAGE 2-11 2-13 2-15 2-17 2-18 3-27 3-39

A-45

A.2

A-46 A-54 A-55 A-56 A-58 A-62 A-63 E-124 F-127

A.3 A.4 A.5 A.6 A.7 A.8 E.1 F.1

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PART ONE: GENERAL ON TRAFFIC SIGNS 1.1 Purpose Of Traffic Signs
The purposeof traffic signs is to help ensure the safe and informed operation of every road user on the highway. Traffic sign, are used to regulate, warn, or guide road users. They are essential where special regulations apply at specific times only, or where hazards are not self-evident. They also give information as to highway routes, directions, destinations and places of interest. e) The signs should be placed so that they are obscured as little as possible by vehicles and other objects. f) The signs should be designed and the driver is left with sufficient time to take any necessary action with safety. g) The signs should be effective both by night and day. The critical factors in meeting these requirements are colour, shape and size of sign, lettering and symbol sizes used, layout of its face, its position and illumination or reflectorization.

1.2

General Principles Of Traffic Signs
The following general principles are the most important requirements to consider in order to achieve the greatest efficiency of traffic signs: a) The signs must be designed for the foreseeable traffic condition and speeds on the roads on which they are to be used. b) The signs should be conspicuous so that they will attract the attention of drivers at a sufficient distance and should be easily recognizable as traffic signs at that distance. c) The signs should contain only essential information and their significance should be clear at a glance so that the driver's attention is not distracted from the task of driving. d) The signs should be legible from sufficiently far away to be read with out diverting the sight through too great an angle.

1.3

Classification of Traffic Signs
Functionally, traffic signs are generally classified into the following types : a) Regulatory Signs b) Warning Signs c) Temporary Signs d) Guide Signs i. Destination Signs ii. Directional Signs iii. Distance Signs iv. Information Signs v. Route Number Markers vi. Kilometer Posts e) Other Traffic Signs Gantry Signs This Arahan Teknik only covers the design and application of guide signs.The guidelines for the design and application of regulatory, warning and temporary signs are covered by Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2A, 2S and 2C/85 respectively while that for gantry sign will be covered by another Arahan Teknik.

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Guide Signs Design And Application are those that provide information with out the use of word messages. Sizes and templates of standard symbols used on traffic signs are shown in Appendix A. Types and uses of directional symbols are shown in Table 2.4. Information symbols which may in some ways indicate the direction of travel, such as the aeroplane, should be used with caution.

PART TWO: GENERAL DESIGN CONSIDERATION ON TRAFFIC SIGNS.
2.1 Colours Of Traffic Signs Colour plays an important role in distinguishing the nature of one traffic sign from another such that road users may not only recognize the traffic sign as such but may also perceive a general idea of the information before they reach the point at which the message on the sign becomes readable. Sets of colour combination used for the various type of traffic signs are shown in Table 2.1. The colour codes and coordinates indicated in Appendix E have been established and identified for use on traffic signs and posts. 2.2 Letterings And Borders On Traffic Signs Three types of lettering and two types of border are used on traffic signs. The letterings used are standard lettering Series 1, Series 2 and Lower Case with height -stroke width ratio 1:5,1:7.5 and 1:4 respectively while the borders used are the light coloured extended to the edge and the dark coloured set-in from the edge types. Standard letterings are shown in Appendix A. Types and sizes of letterings and borders used for the various type of traffic signs are shown in Table 2.2 and 2.3. 2.4

Post And Mounting Of Traffic Signs Traffic signs should be installed according to the requirements of Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85. Traffic sign posts shall be of steel posts of not less than 62mm outside diameter, and painted with alternating black and white stripes/bands of 300mm intervals. Traffic signal posts, on the other hand, should be painted with alternating black and orange stripes/bands. It should be noted that the first stripe/band from the ground level for both posts is always painted black. The back of every traffic sign shall be painted grey and on it a template with the date the sign was manufactured arid: the naive of the maufacturer shall be stated clearly. Traffic signs exceeding 1.00m in any dimension shall be stiffened by the attachment of backing frames. Purlins shall be required for those traffic signs exceeding 1.50m in any dimension.

2.3

Symbols On Traffic Signs The two types of symbols used on traffic signs are directional and information symbols. Directional symbols are those that indicate directions while information symbols

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Guide Signs Design And Application 2.5.2 Screening Ink Screening ink is a transparent or opaque coloured ink of nonreflective element which is used at times on retro-reflective sheetings to provide colour fast pigmentation. Screening ink cannot be affective, and thus cannot be used on traffic signs, unless it is first applied on a retro-reflective sheeting by means of the silk screen process. It should be noted that a screening ink of one brand that has been specified for use on one type retro-reflective sheeting cannot be screened over another brand or type of retro-reflective sheeting. The use of screening inks is to be limited only to standard traffic signs (regulatory, warning and temporary).

2.5

Materials Used Or Traffic Signs The following are the trio types of material to be used on traffic signs: a) Retro-reflective sheeting b) Screening ink

2.5.1

Retro-reflective Sheeting. Retro-reflective sheeting a material consisting of one or more retroreflective elements embedded within a transparent film having a smooth, flat outer surface.Two types of retro-reflective sheeting that have been established and identified for use on traffic signs are High Intensity and Engineering Grade retro-reflective sheetings. Both these sheetings are available in sheets and rolls with either heat activated-or pressure sensitive adhesive. Heat activated , adhesive sheeting are bonded to sign substrate by means of the vacuum-heat application method with the heat Lamp vacuum applicator while bonding of pressure sensitive adhesive sheeting to sign substrates is by the application of pressure with hand roller, rubber squeegee, hand or electrically powered squeeze roll applicator. Types of retro-reflective sheeting to be used on the various type of traffic signs are stated in the notes of Table 2.1.

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TABLE 2.1 : COLOUR OF TRAFFIC SIGNS

TYPES OF TRAFFIC SIGNS

LETTERING/ BACKGROUND SYMBOL & BORDER

REMARK

I II III IV

REGULATORY SIGNS WARNING SIGNS TEMPORARY SIGNS GUIDE SIGNS a. Destination Signs

AS SHOWN lN ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2085 AS SHOWN IN ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2A/85 AS SHOWN IN ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2C/ 65 WHITE BLUE Except on LLM expressways which should be white letters / border on green background. Those leading to or/and on LLM Expressways except on leading to LLM expressways . Those leading to roads within a local council i.e local streets should have yellow letters for the street name.

b. Directional Signs

WHITE WHITE

GREEN BLUE

c. Distance Signs

WHITE

BLUE

Except an LLM expressways (white on green )

d. Information Signs : i. General Service ii. Recreational/Historical & Cultural lnterest Areas iii. River Name WHITE iv. Town/ Village Name BLACK v. Government Building YELLOW vi. Message WHITE vii. Warning Message WHITE RED BLUE GREEN WHITE GREEN WHITE BLUE Applies only to those indicating situations of extreme danger GREEN WHITE

e. Route Marker f. Kilometer Posts OTHER TRAFFIC SIGNS a . Gantry Signs

BLACK

YELLOW

AS SHOWN IN ARAHAN TEKNIK 1 JALAN) 9/86 Applies to all roads except LLM expressways. Local streets should have yellow letters for the street name.

v

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NOTE: 1) Type of Retro - Reflective Sheeting to be used on Traffic Signs a. All standard traffic signs are to use High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting on their faces. b. Guide sign are to use the following : i) On U4 to U6 and R3 to R6, High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting is to be used. ii) On other then the above roads, Engineering Grade retro-reflective sheeting is to be used. c. Those traffic signs with white background are to use Engineering Grade retro- reflective sheeting for the background Nevertheless, the letterings/symbol and border are to adhere to the above statements (a ) and (b). 2) LLM Means Lembaga Lebuhraya Malaysia.

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TABLE 2-2: TYPE AND SIZES OF LETTERINGS AND BORDERS ON TRAFFIC SIGNS
TYPES OF TRAFFIC TYPE OF LETTER TYPE OF BORDERSIGNS LETTERING HEIGHT BORDER WIDTH (mm) (mm) (mm)
I II III IV REGULATORY SIGNS WARNING SIGNS TEMPORARY SIGNS GUIDE SIGNS a. Destination Signs b. Directional Signs c Distance Signs d. Information Signs i. General Services ii. Recreational/ Historical & Cultural Interest Areas iii. River Name 100 iv. Town/Village Name 300 v. Government Building Refer To Table 2.3 Fig. 3.2A Series 2 vii. Warning Message e. Route Markers f. Kilometer Posts v Series 2 Refer To Table 2.3 Refer To Table 2.3 Refer To Table 3.3 100 Series 1 And Lower Case Refer To Table 1.3 Fig. 3.2A 20 Green And Refer To Set-in Table 2.3 WhiteAndE xtended 10 Black And Set - in 20(15) Use Letter Mosaics Refer to Table 2.3 White And Extended Refer to Table 2.3

REMARK

AS SHOWN IN ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2A/15 AND SEE ALSO APPENDIX F AS SHOWN IN ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2C/85

Yellow And Refer Extended ToTable 2.3 White And Extended While & Extended Refer To Table 2.3 Refer to Table 2.3 Use Spacing Factors

vi. Message

Black 6 Set Refer To - in Table 3-1

AS SHOWN IN ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 9/06 While And Extended Refer To Table 1.3 Use Letter Mosaics

OTHER TRAFFIC SIGNS Series 1 And Refer To a. Gantry Signs Lower Case Table 2.3

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NOTE :

1. Values in ( ) refers to the width borders should be set in. 2. In order for Iong place name to fit into a sign of size not exceeding 5m by 4m, the size of the lettering used may be reduced to 3/4 of the recommended letter height and the place name may also be abbreviated if it uses any of the abbreviated words listed in Appendix C . 3. A long place name may have the words placed one on top of another with a vertical spacing of I/2 of the recommended letter height between them and the first letter of the words an the bottom row indented 3/4 of the recommended letter height away from the first letter of the words on the upper row. This method should not be used in Conjunction with (2) above and a not required when the recommended letter height is 100 mm or less . 4. For safety reasons, borders and corners of sign should be rounded on a radius approximately 1/16 of the lesser side dimension, but not to exceed 300mm

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TABLE 2.3 : LETTER HEIGHT AND BORDER WIDTH

Road Road RURAL Design Categories Terrain Letter Border width Area Standard Height (mm) Type (mm) Series I Series 2
R6 U6 Expressway F R M 250 200 200 50 40 40 30 30 30 I II III

URBAN Letter Border Width Height (mm) (mm) Series I Series 2
200 200 200 40 40 40 30 30 30

R5 U5

Highways Primary Road Arterial Road

F R M

200 150 150

60 30 30

30 20 20

I II III

150 150 150

30 30 30

20 20 20

Primary Road Secondary Road Arterial Road U4 Collector Road M 150 30 20 III 100 20 20 F R 150 150 30 30 20 20 I II 150 150 30 30 20 20

R4

R3

Secondary Road Collector Road

F R M

150 150 100

30 30 20

20 20 20

I II III

150 100 100

30 20 20

20 20 10

U3 Local Street R2 U2 R1/R1a U1/U1a Minor Road Local Street Minor Road Local Street

F R M F R M

150 100 100 100 100 100

30 20 20 20 20 20

20 20 20 20 20 20

I II III I II III

100 100 100 100 100 100

10 20 20 20 20 20

20 20 20 20 20 20

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NOTES : 1. Refer to Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 3/56 'A Guide On Geometric Design of Road' for classification details of road design standard where 'R' stands for 'Rural' and 'U' stands for 'Urban'. 2. Terrain : F - Flat R - Rolling M - Mountainous 3. Area Type I - Relatively free in road location with very little problems as regards to land acquisition , affected buildings and other socially sensitive areas. II III Intermediate between I and III Very restrictive in road location with problem as regards to land acquisition, affected buildings and other sensitive area.

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Guide Signs Design And Application
TABLE 2.4 : DIRECTIONAL SYMBOLS

TYPE OF DIRECTIONAL SYMBOLS

USES

1. DIRECTIONAL ARROWS

a) b)

Used on stack type signs. Can be made to paint horizontally, Vertically or at 45'c) If there is more than one arrow the arrangement must be in anti - clockwise direction as shown in table 2.5

2. DIAGRAMATIC POINTERS

a) b)

Used on map type signs. Should only be used for roundabouts and other more complicated interchanges.

3. GANTRY ARROWS

a) b)

Used on overhead signs. Can only be used for lane control on high speed multilane highways.

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TABLE 2.5 : ARRANGEMENT OF DIRECTIONAL ARROWS IN DESCENDING ORDER

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PART THREE : LAYOUT DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF GUIDE SIGNS

3.1

General The place names on all, guide signs shall be limited to those in Appendix B only. Except for directional signs within town limits, where the next state capital should be shown, all other guide signs shall show the next immediate place names as indicated in Appendix B.

3.4

Distance Signs Distance signs are signs which give a road user his route confirmation and distance information after leaving a city or municipality, and after maneuvering into a turning roadway or juntion leading to any of the place names listed in Appendix B when traveling on Highway and Expressway. Distance signs should be located at the following location : a) 200m from a turning roadway or 150m beyond an acceleration lane. 100m outside the city or municipality limits or at the edge of the built-up districts. 20km intervals along the route.

3.2

Destination Signs Destination signs are signs which give a road user the information as to his route before he reaches a major turning roadway or junction leading to any of the place names listed in Appendix B when travelling on Highways and Expressways. They should be located at a distance lkm and 500m in advance of the turning roadways or junctions. Layout design and application of destination signs are shown in Figure 3.1and Appendix D respectively. 3.5

b)

c)

Layout design and application of distance signs are shown Figure 3.3 and Appendix D respectively. Information Signs Information signs are. signs which inform road users of the names of town and villages, recreational and historical/cultural places, the availability of facilities or services, and remind them of road etiquette, etc. that have very little or no relation to giving route information. Information signs may be either symbols or word messages, and shall be erected according to the nature of the information to be given. Types and uses of information signs are shown in Figure 3.4 to Figure 3.14.

3.3

Directional Signs Directional signs are signs which give a road user his route information as he reaches a turning roadway or junction. Two types of directional sign are the stack type and the map type signs. Layout design and application of directional signs are shown in Figure 3.2 and Appendix D respectively.

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FIG 3.1 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF DESTINATION SIGNS
LEGEND : H : height of capital letter used. (Series I) a,b,c : Distances showing that words or symbols must be centralized.

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NOTE : 1) Not more than 4 names should be used in combination but only 2 names can be shown per route or direction. 2) Route numbers should he placed on the left side of place names. 3) Places of great interest that do not have their names listed in Appendix B such as Taman Negara, Genting Highlands, Desaru etc. may also be shown provided the routes to these places coincide with the routes to those listed ones. 4) Sign A and B are examples of destination signs at junctions wide Sign C is an example of destination signs at interchanges.

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FIG.3.2 LAYOUT DESIGN OF DIRECTIONAL SIGNS
LEGEND : H : height of capital letter used. (Series I) a,b,c, d : Distances showing that words or symbols must be centralized.

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NOTE : 1) Not more than 5 names should be used in combination (except for round abouts with more than 6 legs) but only 2 names can be shown per direction. 2) Route numbers should be placed on the left side of place names. 3) Unlike on destination and distance signs, places of great interest that do not have their names listed in Appendix B may not be shown on directional signs. These places should be shown as information signs mounted on the same posts. ( see Fig. 3.2) 4) The destination shown per direction should be the next principal destination i.e the next state capital for those within a town limit, rather than a more distance one. If there are two destinations per direction, the nearer one should be placed on top of any other farther away. 5) A place name can only appear once on the same signs. 6) All directional signs on JKR roads leading to LLM expressways must be white letters /border/ symbol on green background as shown by Sign A 7) All directional sign on JKR roads leading is roads within a local council (local streets with street names) must have yellow letters for the street name as shown bellow by Sign B. 8) LLM expressway logo which is white in color should be shown and Iocated opposite the directional arrow on directional signs leading to LLM expressways.

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FIG. 3.2A :

AN EXAMPLE OF DIRECTIONAL SIGN AND INFORMATION SIGN MOUNTED THE SAME POSTS.

NOTE : 1) The example above shown a directional sign and on information sign (in this case a recreational area sign ) mounted on the same posts. 2) Information signs mounted this way must always adhere to the following requirements: a) b) The height of the capital letter used should be equal to that used for the directional sign. The information sign must always be mounted below the directional sign. If there are more than one, the information signs should be placed on a separate panel whereby the anti-clockwise arrow convention should be followed.

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FIG. 3.3 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF DISTANCE SIGNS
LEGEND : H=

height of capital letter used (Series 1)

a,b = distances showing that words or symbols must be centralized.

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NOTE : 1) Not more than 5 names should be used in combination but only 3 names can be shown per route. 2) Distances should be shown an the right side of place names. 3) On-the-route route marker should be attached to the top at the sign and on and off-the-route route number should be placed on the left side of the on and off-the route place names. 4) The nearer on-the-route destination should be placed as top of any on-the-route destination farther away. 5) Destination(s) with the nearer off-the-route junction should be placed on top of any destination with the off -the-route junction farther away. 6) Places of great interest that do not have their names listed in Appendix B such as Taman Negara, Genting Highlands, Desaru etc. may also be shown provided the routes to these places coincide with the routes to those listed ones. 7) Only the route marker attached to the top of the sign is required if there is no off-the-route placed names as shown above by sign A.

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Guide Signs Design And Application Unlike other guide signs, route markers are ordinarily incorporated in the shape of JKR logo, for Federal and State roads, and due to their application, have three fixed sizes. The relationship between sizes and other details of route markers is shown in Table 3.2. Layout design and application of route markers are shown in Figure 3.15 to Fig. 3.16 and Appendix D respectively.

3.6

Route Number Markers Route Number Markers are markers which identify and mark all numbered roads. They are used for identification of roads, for route confirmation and for guidance and reassurance along the road .In State roads, the route number markers should be initiated with the same alphabet designated on car registration numbers which has already been assigned for that particular state.

TABLE 3.1 : INFORMATION SIGNS

TYPES

USES

1. GENERAL SERVICES SIGNS 2. * RECREATIONAL OR HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL INTEREST AREA SIGNS 3. RIVER NAME SIGNS 4. TOWN OR VILLAGE NAME SIGNS 5. * GOVERNMENT BUILDING SIGNS 6. MESSAGE SIGNS

In form road users of the availability of facilities or services such as petrol, telephone etc. Inform road users of the names of and directions to these places. Inform road users of the name of rivers Inform road users of the names of towns/Villages Inform road users of the names of and directions to these buildings such as Sri Perdana , Kementerian Kerjaraya etc. Normally give advices or reminders to road users in the form of messages such as 'IKUT KIRI JIKA TIDAK MEMOTONG', ' KENDERAAN BERAT IKUT KIRI; etc. Used only to indicate existing or potentially extreme hazardous condition and should only be applied where deemed necessary.

7. WARNING MESSAGE SIGNS

NOTE : * THESE SIGNS MAY BE PLACED ON THE SAME POSTS AS DIRECTIONAL SIGNS BUT THEY MUST NEVER BE PLACED ON TOP OF ANY DIRECTIONAL SIGN .
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FIG. 3.4 LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGN GENERAL
2. SERVICE SIGN

NOTE : Also shown in Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2A/84

SPECIFICATION COLOUR MATERIAL LETTERING PLACEMENT

LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER.

White Height Intensity retro- reflective sheeting Series 1 To be located where and Lower Case. ever Capital letter necessary. Height : 100mm.

BACKGROUND

Blue

BACKING FRAME

Light Grey (No. 631 B.S.381C)

Aluminium (HS-30wp)

POST

Black and WhiteStripes (B.S.873)

Steel (B.S.1387).

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FIG. 3.5 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGNS
3. RECREATIONAL OR HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL INTEREST AREA SIGN

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER / SYMBOL AND BORDER. Sign A : Green. Signs 1, 2,3 & 4 : Green, (recreational signs). Signs 5,6,7 & 8 : White. ( service signs)

MATERIAL

LETTERING

PLACEMENT
To be located where ever necessary, as shown in Fig. D.10 in Appendix D and Fig. 3.2A

BACKGROUND

Sign A : Series 1 and Lower Case. Height Intensity Capital letter retro-reflective height : refer to sheeting but Table 2.2. Engineering Grade retroreflective sheetSign A : White. Signs ing for background 1, 2,3 & 4 : White, (recreational signs). Signs 5,6,7 & 8 : Blue. ( service signs)

BACKING FRAME POST

Light grey (No. 631B.S.381C) Black and WhiteStripes (B.S.873)

Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

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FIG. 3.6 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGNS

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. BACKGROUND BACKING FRAME POST White Blue Light Grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white stripes (B.S.873)

MATERIAL
High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting. Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

LETTERING

PLACEMENT
To be located with recreational or historical and cultural interest area signs only (see Fig.3.4)

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. BACKGROUND Green White

MATERIAL
High Intensity retroreflective sheeting but Engineering Grade retro-reflective sheeting for the background. Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

LETTERING PLACEMENT
To located with recreational or historical and cultural interest area signs only (see Fig.3.4)

BACKING FRAME POST

Light Grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white stripes (B.S.873)

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FIG. 3.7 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGNS

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. BACKGROUND BACKING FRAME POST White Green Light Grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white stripes (B.S.873)

MATERIAL
High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting. Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

LETTERING
Series 1 and Lower Case Capital Letter Height : 100mm

PLACEMENT
To be located with recreational or historical and cultural interest area signs only (see Fig.3.4)

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FIG. 3.8: LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGN

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. BACKGROUND BACKING FRAME POST Black White Light Grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white stripes (B.S.873)

MATERIAL
High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting. Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

LETTERING

PLACEMENT

Series 1 and To be located where Lower Case ever Capital Letter necessary Height : 300mm

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FIG.3-9 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGN

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. BACKGROUND BACKING FRAME POST Yellow Green Light Grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white stripes (B.S.873)

MATERIAL
High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting. Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

LETTERING
Series 1 and Lower Case Capital Letter Height : refer to Table 2.2

PLACEMENT
To be located where ever necessary

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FIG. 3.10 . LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGN

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. BACKGROUND BACKING FRAME POST White Blue Light Grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white stripes (B.S.873)

MATERIAL
High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting. Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

LETTERING

PLACEMENT

Series 2 Capital To be located where Letter Height : ever refer to Table 2.2 necessary

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FIG. 3.11 LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGNS (EXAMPLES OF MESSAGE SIGNS )

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FIG. 3.12 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGNS

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. BACKGROUND BACKING FRAME POST White Red Light Grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white stripes (B.S.873)

MATERIAL
High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting. Aluminium (HS 30-wp) Steel (B.S.1387) or equivalent

LETTERING

PLACEMENT

Series 2 Capital To be located at Letter Height : hazardous locations refer to Table 2.2 only.

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FIG-3.13 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGNS (EXAMPLES OF WARNING MESSAGE SIGNS)

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FIG. 3.14: LAYOUT DESIGN OF INFORMATION SIGNS ( EXAMPLES OF WARNING MESSAGE SIGNS )

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TABLE 3.2 DETAILS OF ROUTE NUMBER MARKERS

SIZE OF ROUTE MARKERS (mm)

APPLICATION NO. OF LETTER TYPE OF LETTER WIDTH OF ROUTE NUMERALS & HEIGHT ROADS SPACING (m) NUMBER ALPHABETS (mm) MARKERS
1 or 2 Numerals 3 Numerals To be attached to the top of distance signs STATE 1 Numeral & 1 Alphabet 2 Numerals & 1 Alphabet 3 Numerals & 1 Alphabet 1 or 2 Numerals 3 Numerals To be placed / pasted on destination, directional, distance and gantry sign faces 1 Numerals & 1 Alphabet STATE 2 Numerals & 1 Alphabet 3 Numerals & 1 Alphabet 1 or 2 Numerals 1 Numeral 1 Alphabet 2 Numerals & 1 Alphabet 3 Numerals 300 180 Medium Narrow 7.5mm (7.5mm set in)

FEDERAL

1. Type A 600mm x 450mm

300

Medium

180

Narrow

140 100

Narrow Medium

FEDERAL

110

Narrow 5.0mm (5.0mm set in)

2. Type B 400mm x 300mm

100

Medium

120

Narrow

100

Narrow

150

Medium 3.75mm (3.75mm set in )

To be mounted FEDERAL 3. Type C on Type A and MAJOR 300mm x 215mm Type C Kilometer STATE posts.

90

Medium

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FIG. 3.15

LAYOUT DESIGN OF ROUTE NUMBER MARKERS

SPECIFICATION COLOUR
LETTER/SYMBOL AND BORDER. White

MATERIAL
High Intensity retro-reflective sheeting.

LETTERING

PLACEMENT

Series 2 Capital Refer to table 3.2 Letter Height : refer to Table 3.2

BACKGROUND

Red

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FIG. 3.16 : LAYOUT DESIGN OF ROUTE NUMBER MARKERS

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APPENDIX A
Standard letterings and Symbol

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TABLE A-1 UNIT LETTER WIDTH, SPACING, CONSTANTS, MOSAIC WIDTH
SERIES 1 LOWER CASE

Alphabet A B C 0 E F G H I J K L M N 0 P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

K1 0.04 0.13 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.04 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.04 0.13 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.04 0.13

K 0,04 0.11 0.08 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.08 0.04 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.04 0.13 0.04 0.04 0.88 0.04 0,11

W1

W

Alphabet K1 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

K

W1 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.41 0.63 0.63 0.19 0.38 0.63 0.19 1.05 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.48 0.63 0.49 0.63 0.75 0.94 0.75 0.81 0.63

W 1.03 1.03 0.94 1.03 0.94 0.67 1.03 1.13 0.67 0.68 0.98 0.69 1.56 1.13 0.93 1.03 1.03 0.83 0.88 0.76 1.13 0.98 1.17 1.01 1.04 0.95
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1.00 1.09 0.80 1.04 0.80 0.99 0.80 1.04 0.74 0.74 0.80 0.80 0.17 0.75 0.81 0.74 0.92 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.83 0.80 0.80 0.74 0.80 0.91 1.05 0.86 1.00 0.80 0.95 0.95 1.03 1.06 0.44 0.93 1.02 0.91 1.19 1.07 1.03 1.04 1.06 1.04 1.03 0.82 1.06 0.99 1.14 1.02 1.09 1.04

0.15 0.25 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.11 0.15 0.25 0.25 0.05 0.25 0.25 0.16 0.25 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.10 0.25

0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.25 0.25 0.13 0.13 0.25 0.11 0.11 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.10 0.13 0.15 0.25 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.16

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TABLE A.2 UNIT NUMERAL WIDTH, SPACING CONSTANT, MOSAIC WIDTH SERIES 1

NUMERAL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

K1 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.01 0.11 0.11 0.04 0.11 0.11 0.11

K2 0.1.3 0.11 0.11 0.01 0.11 0.11 0.04 0.11 0.11 0. 11

W1 0.30 0.80 0.80 0.92 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.83

W 0.56 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.04

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H = height of lettering Series 1 Hm = height of mosaic

To obtain the required size of letters and mosaics, multiply the values from the tables by the desired height e.g H = 200mm for number ‘3' above

HU and Hb

= spacing constants defined as in figure above.

W = k1 + k2 + W1 w1 W = unit letter width = unit mosaic width = unit spacing constants.

Width of the numeral : w1 (200) = 0.80 x 200 = 160mm Width of the mosaic: W(200) = 1.01 x 200 = 202mm Height of the mosaic : Hm = ¼ (200) + 200 + ½ (200) = 350mm

k1 and k2

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EXAMPLE 1 : Series 1 for non -- place names.

For letter 'U' ( Series 1 ) H - 250mm ',' Height of letter mosaic Hm = Hu + H + Hb = ¼ (250) + 250 + ½ (250) = 437.5mm > 438mm K1 from Table A1 = 0.13 ',' K1(250) for 250mm letter height of 'U' = 0.13 x 250 = 32.5mm K2 from Table A.1 = 0.13 ',' K2(250) for 250mm letter height of 'U' = 0.13 x 250 = 32.5mm w1 from Table A.1 = 0.80 ',' w1(250) for 250mm letter height of 'U' = 0.80 x 250 = 200 mm

',' Width of letter mosaic W(250) = K1 (250) + K2 (250) + W1 (250) = 32.5 + 32.5 + 200 = 265mm

CHECK : Width of unit letter mosaic W = K1 +K2+W1 = 0.13 + 0.13 + 0.80 = 1.06 = 250m, W(250) = 1.06 x 250 = 265mm

For H

Size of mosaic for letter 'U' = 438 x 265mm Repeat for letters 'S' and 'R'.

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EXAMPLE 2 : Series 1 & Lower Case for place names.

For letter 'K' ( Series 1 ) H - 250mm ',' Height of letter mosaic Hm = Hu + H + Hb = ¼ (250) + 250 + ½ (250) = 437.5mm > 438mm K1 from Table A1 = 0.13 ',' K1 (250) for 250mm letter height of 'K' = 0.13 x 250 = 32.5mm K2 from Table A.1 = 0.08 ',' K2 (250) for 250mm letter height of 'K' = 0.08 x 250 = 20mm w1 from Table A.1 = 0.81 ',' w1 (250) for 250mm letter height of 'K' = 0.81 x 250 = 202.5 mm ',' Width of letter mosaic W(250) = K1 (250) + K2 (250) + W1 (250) = 32.5 + 20 + 202.5 = 255mm

CHECK : Width of unit letter mosaic W = K1 +K2+W1 = 0.13 + 0.08 + 0.81 = 1.02 For H = 250m, W(250) = 1.02 x 250 = 255mm Size of mosaic for letter 'K' = 438 x 265mm

For Letter 'a' ( Lower Case ) H = 250mm Hm = 438mm (must be the same as for the letter 'K') K1 from Table A1 = 0.15 ',' K1 (250) for 250mm letter height of 'K', 'a' = 0.15 x 250 = 37.5mm

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Guide Signs Design And Application CHECK : Width of unit letter mosaic W = K1 +K2+W1 = 0.15 + 0.25 + 0.63 = 1.03 For H = 250m, W(250) = 1.03 x 250 = 258mm Size of mosaic for letter 'a' = 438 x 258mm Repeat for letters '1', 'n' and 'g'

K2 from Table A.1 = 0.25 ',' K2 (250) for 250mm letter height of 'K', 'a' = 0.25 x 250 = 62.5mm w1 from Table A.1 = 0.63 ',' w1 (250) for 250mm letter height of 'K', 'a' = 0.63 x 250 = 157.5 mm ',' Width of letter mosaic W(250) = K1 (250) + K2 (250) + W1 (250) = 37.5 + 62.5 + 157.5 = 257.5mm <258mm

EXAMPLE 3 : Series 1 & Lower Case for distances.

For Letter '1' ( Series 1 ) H = 250mm ',' Height of letter mosaic Hm = Hu + H + Hb = ¼(250) + 250 + ½(250) = 437.5mm < 438mm K1 from Table A.2 = 0.13 ',' K1 (250) for 250mm letter height of '1' = 0.13 x 250 = 32.5mm

K2 from Table A.1 = 0.13 ',' K2 (250) for 250mm letter height of '1' = 0.13 x 250 = 32.5mm w1 from Table A.1 = 0.30 ',' w1 (250) for 250mm letter height of '1' = 0.30 x 250 = 75 mm

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',' Width of letter mosaic W(250) = K1 (250) + K2 (250) + W1 (250) = 32.5 + 32.5 + 75 = 140mm

For letters 'k' and 'm" (Lower Case) Repeat procedure shown in Example 2 for the Lower Case letter 'a' NOTE: I) Lower Case letters do not use mosaic except when used with Series 1 2) Mosaic size of ',' should be that of Lower Case 'i' while ' / ' and '-' should be that of Series 1 'Z'.

CHECK : Width of unit letter mosaic W = K1 +K2+W1 = 0.13 + 0.13 + 0.30 = 0.56 For H = 250m, W(250) = 0.56 x 250 = 140mm Size of mosaic for letter '1' = 438 x 140mm Repeat for number '5', and '0'

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Letter Width

Alphabet a b c d e f g h i j k 1 m n 0 p q r s t u v w x y z H = height of capital letter used.

Width 0.6250H 0.6250H 0.6250H 0.6250H 0.6250H 0.4125H 0.6250H 0.6250H 0.1875H 0.3750H 0.6250H 0.1850H 1.050H 0.6250H 0:6250H 0.6250H 0.6250H 0.4750H 0.6250H 0.4875H 0.6250H 0.7500H 0.9375H 0.7500H 0.81250H 0.6250H

NOTE: This table is necessary in the calculation of spacing, between Lower Case letter when letter mosaic is not used

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TABLE A.4: LOWER CASE Spacing between Letters (in millimeter) Followed by cde goq 19 5 14 0 15 0 19 5 15 14 0 19 5 19 19 5 19 5 14 19 19 5 19 5 14 0 14 0 19 95 14 0 14 5 19 5 12 5 13 0 13 5 12 5 14 5 bhiki mnpru 245 195 200 245 200 195 245 245 245 245 195 245 245 245 195 195 245 150 195 200 1145 180 180 185 180 200 fw 185 130 140 185 140 130 185 185 185 185 130 185 185 185 130 130 185 90 130 135 185 115 120 12.5 115 135 j 140 85 95 140 95 85 140 140 140 140 85 140 140 140 85 85 140 40 85 90 140 70 75 80 70 90 st 180 125 135 180 135 125 180 180 180 180 125 180 180 180 125 125 180 80 125 130 180 110 115 120 110 130 vy 180 125 135 180 135 125 180 180 180 180 125 180 180 180 125 125 180 80 125 130 180 110 115 120 110 130 x 190 135 145 190 145 135 190 190 190 190 135 190 190 190 135 135 190 90 135 140 190 120 125 130 120 140 z 200 145 155 200 155 145 200 200 200 200 145 200 200 200 145 145 200 100 145 150 200 130 135 140 120 150

Initial or preceding letter a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

NOTE : This table shows the spacings between Lower Case letters before they are factored.

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Spacing Factor

Letter height, mm Factor Lower Case 90 105 120 135 150 180 210 240 255 300 360 420 480 Capitals/Numerals 120 140 160 180 200 240 280 320 340 400 480 560 640 0.188 0.219 0.250 0.281 0.313 0.375 0.438 0.500 0.531 0.625 0.750 0.875 1.000

Example: To determine spacing between 120mm ‘e’ followed by ‘r’ in Lower Case: From Table A.4 , spacing for ‘e’ followed by ‘r’ = 200mm From Table A.5, factor for 120mm Lower Case = 0.250 Required spacing NOTE : = 200 x 0.250 = 50 mm

This calculation of spacing between Lower Case letters is not required when letter mosaic is used. Hence, this calculation is only necessary when Lower Case letters are not used with those of Series 1

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TABLE A.6 : SERIES 2 LETTER AND NUMERAL DIMENSIONS

Letter And Letter and numeral width (mm) J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

Letter and Numeral stroke width (mm)

Numeral

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

height

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

40

25 22 22 22 20 20 22 22 6 20 22 20 26 22 23 22 23 22 22 20 22 24 30 24 25 22 8 22 22 24 22 22 22 22 22 23

6 8 11 14 17 20 23 25 28 34 39 45 48 56 68 79 90

60

38 33 33 33 30 30 33 33 8 30 33 30 39 33 35 33 35 33 33 30 33 37 45 35 38 33 12 33 33 37 33 33 33 33 33 35

80

50 44 44 44 40 40 44 44 11 40 44 40 52 44 48 44 48 44 44 40 44 49 60 47 50 44 16 44 44 49 44 44 44 44 44 48

100

63 55 55 55 50 50 55 55 14 50 55 50 65 55 50 55 50 55 55 50 55 61 75 59 63 55 20 55 55 61 55 55 55 55 55 50

120

75 66 66 66 60 60 66 66 17 60 66 60 78 66 69 66 69 66 66 60 66 73 90 71 75 66 24 66 66 73 66 66 66 66 66 69

140

88 77 77 77 70 70 77 77 20 70 77 70 91 77 81 77 81 77 77 70 77 85 105 82 88 77 28 77 77 85 77 77 77 77 77 81

160

100 88 88 88 80 80 88 88 23 80 88 80 104 88 93 88 93 88 88 80 88 98 120 94 100 88 33 88 88 98 88 88 88 88 88 93

180

113 98 98 98 90 90 98 98 25 90 98 90 117 98 104 98 104 98 98 90 98 110 135 106 113 98 37 98 98 110 98 98 98 98 98 104

200

125 109 109 109 100 100 109 109 28 100 109 100 130 109 118 109 118 109 109 100 109 122 150 110 125 109 41 109 109 122 109 109 109 109 109 118

240

150 131 131 131 120 120 131 131 34 120 131 120 156 131 139 131 139 131 131 120 131 146 180 141 150 131 49 131 131 146 131 131 131 131 131 139

280

175 153 153 153 140 140 153 153 39 140 153 140 182 153 162 153 162 153 153 140 153 171 210 165 175 153 57 153 153 171 153 153 153 153 153 162

320

200 175 175 175 160 160 175 175 45 160 175 160 208 175 185 175 185 175 175 160 175 195 240 188 200 175 65 175 175 195 175 175 175 175 175 185

340

213 186 186 186 180 180 186 186 48 180 186 180 220 186 197 186 197 186 186 180 186 207 255 200 213 186 69 186 186 207 186 186 186 186 186 197

400

250 219 219 219 200 200 219 219 56 200 219 200 259 219 231 219 231 219 219 200 219 244 300 235 250 219 81 219 219 244 219 219 219 219 219 231

480

300 263 263 263 240 240 263 263 68 240 263 240 311 263 278 263 278 263 263 240 263 293 360 282 300 263 98 263 263 293 263 263 263 263 263 278

560

350 306 306 306 280 280 306 306 79 280 306 280 363 306 324 306 324 306 306 280 306 341 420 329 350 306 114 306 306 341 306 306 306 306 306 324

Guide Signs Design And Application

640

400 350 350 350 320 320 350 350 90 320 350 320 415 350 370 350 370 350 350 320 350 390 480 376 400 350 130 350 350 390 350 350 350 350 350 370

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Spacing between letters ( in millimeter)
Initial or preceding AVWX letter 5 A H C D E F G H 1 1 K L M N 0 P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 165 185 180 175 180 150 130 245 245 245 145 145 245 245 175 175 175 175 160 150 245 165 165 165 160 230 245 160 185 225 165 165 150 175 175 175 Followed by BDEFHIK LMNPRU 245 165 260 150 260 230 260 325 325 325 225 225 325 325 250 250 250 250 240 230 325 245 245 245 240 310 CGOQS 24890 175 185 185 180 185 160 185 250 250 250 150 150 250 250 180 180 180 180 165 160 250 175 175 175 165 240 250 165 195 230 175 175 160 180 180 180 J T7 Y 160 180 175 165 175 145 175 240 240 240 135 135 240 240 165 165 165 165 150 145 240 160 160 160 150 225 Z1 230 250 145 240 245 215 245 310 240 240 240 240 225 215 310 230 230 230 225 215 310 230 230 230 25 295 310 225 250 290 230 230 215 240 240 140 260 175 200 240 180 180 165 185 185 185 3, 6

145 150 165 160 150 160 130 175 165 160 165 135

160 165 225 230 225 225 120 120 225 225 150 150 230 230 130 130 230 230 160 160

150 160 150 160 135 145 130 135 225 145 145 145 135 230 150 150 150 145

210 215 230 145 175 210 150 150 135 160 160 160

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TABLE A.8 : SERIES 2 LETTER AND NUMERAL SPACINGS Spacing Factors Capital letter and number height (MM) 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 240 280 320 340 400 480 560 640 SERIES 2 SPACING Wide 0.051 0.077 0.102 0.128 0.153 0.179 0.2.05 0.230 0.256 0.307 0.358 0.409 0.435 0.511 0.614 0.716 0.818 Medium 0.038 0.058 0.077 0.096 0.115 0.134 0.153 0.173 0.192 0.230 0.269 0.307 0.326 0.384 0.461 0.537 0.614 Narrow 0.026 0.038 0.051 0.064 0.077 0.089 0.102 0.115 0.128 0.153 0.179 0.205 0.217 0.256 0.307 0.358 0.409

Example:

To determine spacing between 120mm E followed by R in Series 2 with medium spacing: From Table A.7, spacing for E followed by R = 260 Series 2 medium spacing factor (Table A.8) = 0.115 Required spacing = 260 X 0.115 = 30mm approx.

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NOTE : a = 15/32 HEIGHT OF CAPITAL LETTER USED

FIG: A.1: DIRECTIONAL ARROW
ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETER

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NOTE : a-4 times stroke width

b - 20 times stroke width c - 18 times stroke width d - 24 times stroke width e-4 f -2 times stroke width times stroke width

Stroke width = 1/5 HEIGHT Of CAPITAL LETTER USED

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NOTE : a = 4/5 HEIGHT OF CAPITAL LETTER USED

FIG. A-3: GANTRY ARROW
ALL DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETER

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NOTE : H = Height of Capital letter Used All Dimensions in Millimeter

FIG. A.4 : EXPRESSWAY LOGO

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APPENDIX B
Placenames For Use On Guide Signs On Federal And Major State Roads

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PERLIS

NAME OF TOWN

ABBREVIATED NAME

1

Kangar

-

2

Padang Besar

Pdg. Besar

3

Kuala Perlis

K. Perlis

4

Arau

-

KEDAH

NAME OF TOWN

ABBREVIATED NAME

1

Bukit Kayu Hitam

Bkt. Kayu Hitam

2

Jitra

-

3

Alor Setar

-

4

Gurun

-

5

Sungai Petani

Sg. Petani

6

Baling

-

7

Kulim

-

8

Yan

-

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NAME OF TOWN

ABBREVIATED NAME

1

Telok Bahang

Tlk. Bahang

2

George Town

-

3

Bayan Lepas

-

4

Balik Pulau

-

5

Nibong Tebal

-

6

Simpang Ampat

Spg. Ampat

7

Bukit Mertajam

Bkt. Mertajam

8

Butterworth

-

9

Kepala Batas

-

MELAKA

NAME OF TOWN

ABBREVIATED NAME

1

Melaka

-

2

Alor Gajah

-

3

Jasin

-

4

Masjid Tanah

-

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NAME OF TOWN
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Parit Buntar Bagan Serai Kuala Kangsar Sungai Siput Ipoh Kampar Tapah Bidor Slim River Tanjong Malim Sitiawan Ayer Tawar Teluk Intan Lumut Bagan Datoh Bruas Parit Kuala Sepetang Taiping Kroh Grik Batu Gajah Selama

ABBREVIATED NAME
Parit Buntar K. Kangsar Sg. Siput Tg. Malim A. Tawar Tlk. Intan K. Sepetang Bt. Gajah -

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SELANGOR

NAME OF TOWN
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Kuala Kubu Bharu Rawang Petaling Jaya Shah Alam Klang Sepang Banting Kuala Selangor Tanjung Karang Sungai Besar Sabak Bernam Subang Jaya Cheras Kajang Sungai Buloh Kepong Gombak

ABBREVIATED NAME
K. Kubu Bharu K. Selangor Tg. Karang Sg. Besar Sg. Buloh -

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NEGERI SEMBILAN

NAME OF TOWN
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Seremban Rembau Tampin Gemas Kuala Pilah Bahau Port Dickson Kuala Kelawang (Jelebu)

ABBREVIATED NAME
K. Pilah Pt. Dickson K. Kelawang

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JOHOR

NAME OF TOWN
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Segamat Labis Yong Peng Ayer Hitam Kulai Senai Johor Bahru Kota Tinggi Mersing Pontian Kechil Batu Pahat Muar Kluang Pasir Gudang Tangkak Kukup Sungai Rengit Simpang Renggam

ABBREVIATED NAME
A. Hitam Bt. Pahat Psr. Gudang Sg. Rengit Spg. Renggam

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PAHANG

NAME OF TOWN
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Karak Temerloh Maran Kuantan Pekan Kuala Rompin Bentong Raub Benta Kuala Lipis Triang Muadzam Shah Bukit Fraser Tanah Rata Brincang Jerantut Mentakab Cameron Highland

ABBREVIATED NAME
K. Rompin K. Lipis Bkt. Fraser -

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TERENGGANU

NAME OF TOWN
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Jerteh Kampung Raja Permaisuri Kuala Terengganu Dunggun Maran Chukai Kuala Brang Paka Kerteh Kemasik Ajil

ABBREVIATED NAME
Kg. Raja K. Terengganu K. Brang -

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KELANTAN

NAME OF TOWN

ABBREVIATED NAME

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rantau Panjang Pasir Mas Kota Bharu Kubang Krian Pasir Puteh Tanah Merah Machang Gua Musang Kuala Krai Pengkalan Chepa Tumpat

Psr. Mas Psr. Puteh K. Krai Pgkl. Chepa -

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APPENDIX C
Standard Abbreviations For Place Names

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COMMON INITIAL NAME

ABBREVIATED NAME

ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Ayer Batu Bukit Changkat Gunung Hilir Hulu Jalan Kampong Kuala Lapangan Lembah Padang Parit Pasir Pelabuhan Pengkalan Permatang Pulau Simpang Sungai Tanah Tanjung Telok Universiti

A. Bt. Bkt. Cgkt. G. Hr. H. Jln. Kg. K. Lpg. Lbh. Pdg. Prt. Psr. Plbh. Pgkl. Pmtg. P. Spg. Sg. Tnh. Tg. Tlk. Univ.

Water (old spelling) stone, rock Hill Mountain Downstream Upstream Road Village Estuary Airport Valley Plain Canal Sand Port Base Earth Bund Island Junction River Land Cape Bay University

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APPENDIX D
Application of Guide Signs

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FIG. D.7 ACTUAL EXAMPLE OF GUIDE SIGNS APPLICATION

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APPENDIX E
Color Codes And Chr omaticity Coordinates

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TABLE E1 : CHROMATICITY COORDINATES

COLOUR X RED 0.600

1 Y 0.280 0.360 0.440 0.400 0.080 0.280 X 0.700 0.600 0.540 0.200 0.180 0.360

2 Y 0.300 0.380 0.440 0.400 0.140 0.340 X 0.640 0.600 0.540 0.200 0.180 0.320

3 Y 0.360 0.400 0.460 0.520 0.200 0.360 X 0.580 0.520

4 Y 0.320 0.400

ORANGE 0.520 YELLOW 0.460 GREEN BLUE WHITE
NOTE:

0.460 0. 540 0.080 0.080 0.280 0.600 0.160 0.320

0.080 0.120 0.030

The colours coded below are to be used on road furnitures OTHER THAN TRAFFIC SIGN FACES, such as road markings, traffic signal and traffic sign posts, delineators, etc, and should be of gloss finish paint or higher quality material : YELLOW ORANGE GREY WHITE BLACK - No.356 British Standard 381C (Golden Yellow) - No.557 British Standard 381C (Light Orange) - No.631 British Standard 381C (Light Grey) - Part 1 Clause 1.:3.2 and 1.3.3 British Standard 873 - Part 1 Clause 1.:3.2. and 1.3.3 British Standard 873

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APPENDIX F
(Addendums, Supplementary And Sizes)

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TABLE : F.1 : SIZES OF STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGNS
ROA D DIAME TER OR WIDTH OF STA NDA RD TRAFFIC SIGNS (mm) ROA D DESIGN STA NDA RD ROA D CA TEGORIES

URBA N REGULARTORY WARNING

RURAL REGULARTORY WARNING

U6 R6

E XPRESSWAY

750

900

750

900

ARTERIAL. U5 R5 HIGHWAY PRIMA RY ROA D 750 750 750 750

ARTERIAL COLLECTOR U4 PRIMA RY ROA D R4 SECONDA RY ROA D COLLECTOR U3 R3 LOCA L STREE T SECONDA RY ROA D U2 R2 LOCA L STREE T MINOR ROA D LOCA L STREE T 600 MINOR ROA D 600 600 600 600 600 750 750 750 750 750 750

600

600

600

600

U1 U1a R1 R1a

NOTE : 1. Except for BERHENTI sign ( RP 1) and those signs used with traffic signals (e.g. RP 2, standard traffic signs with varying sizes should be made to size as tabulated above. 2. BERHENTI sign should always be of the 900 mm width except in areas where the offset from the edge of the Curb is less than 0.3mm or less than 3.6mm from edge of pavement . 3. Regulatory signs of 300mm diameter may only be used with traffic signals while Warning signs of 600mm width may be located in urban areas where space is very limited.

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FIG. F-2: ADDENDUMS TO STANDARD WARNING SIGNS

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FIG .F-3 : ADDENDUMS TO STANDARD WARNING SIGNS

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FIG. F-4: ADDENDUMS TO STANDARD WARNING SIGNS

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This sign is to be used with sign RM.1.

DIMENSION COLOUR

: :

As shown Background - blue Border - white Lettering - white

LETTERING

: Series 2 , medium spacing with lettering height of 100mm.

FIG. F.7 : SUPPLEMENTARY SIGN FOR RM. 1

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LEGEND NOTE

: :

a, b, c = symbol and words should be centralized Details of speed limit symbol refer to sign RP. 7 in Arahan Teknik (jalan) 2A/85.

SPECIFICATION COLOUR MATERIAL LETTERING LETTERING/ SYMBOL AND BORDER BACKGROUND BACKING FRAME POST High intensity retro-reflective sheeting Series 1 medium spacing

PLACEMENT

Black Yellow light grey (No.631 B.S.381C) Black and white

Aluminium (NS 30-wp ) Steel (B.S. 1387)

To be located within speed zone

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WD. 52 : WARNING SIGNS APPROACHING TO SPEED ZONE

SPECIFI CATION COLOUR LETTERING/ SYMBOL AND BORDER BACKGROUND MATERI AL LETTERI NG PLACEMENT

Black

High int ensity ret ro-reflective sheeting To be loc at ed before s peed zone

Yellow light grey (No. 631 B.S.381C) Black and white Stripes ( B.S. 873) Series 2 medium s pacing

BACKING FRAME

Aluminium (NS 30-wp )

POST

Steel (B.S. 1387) or equivalent

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