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PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN
PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN

## SPM 2011 FIZIK KERTAS 2 PHYSICS PAPER 2 MARKING SCHEME

Q Answer 1(a) Switching circuit in computer and other electronic system (b)(i) AND gate (iii) Out put Y : 0, 0, 1, 0 Total 2(a) Change in momentum (b)(i) Distance travels in diagram 2.1 more than diagram 2.2 (ii) Impulsive force in 2.1 more than 2.2 (c) Kick with higher velocity, it will increase the impulsive force// Kick with more force, increase the velocity of the ball// Inflate the ball with more air, decrease the time collision/increase impulsive force Total 3 (a) Pascal Principle (b)
-2

Mark 1 1 2 (4) 1 1 1 2

(5) 1 1 1

## = 10 000 N m (c)(i) Increase (ii)

,
F2 = 2 000 N Total

1 1 (6) 1 1 1

4(a)(i) Alternating current / a.c (ii) Direct current / d.c (b) Diode as rectifier / diode change a.c to d.c / diode allow current flow in one direction (c) Half wave rectification (d)(i)

## 1 (ii) Capacitor Total

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5(a) Image that cannot be form on the screen (b)(i) (ii) (iii) (c)(i) Same Image size in diagram 5.1 > diagram 5.2 Image in diagram 5.1 is inverted but image in diagram 5.2 is upright 5.1 : real 5.2 : virtual

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Total (8) 1 1 1 1

(ii) Enlarge / bigger / magnified (d) The nearer the object distance, the bigger the size of image // vise versa

6(a) Induced current (b)(i) Number of turns of coil in Diagram 6.1 is more than 6.2 (ii) The deflection of pointer of the galvanometer in diagram 6.1 is more than 6.2 (iii) When the number of turns of the coil is increases, the deflection of pointer increase (c)(i) North (ii) Direction of induced current oppose the movement of the permanent magnet. The pole of solenoid is same with the pole of magnet/ repel (iii) Lenzs Law Total 7(a) Pressure Law (b)(i) Correct line of graph (directly proportional) Pressure /Pa

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(c)

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P2 = (d)

= 3.55 x 105 Pa

Kinetic energy increased Rate of collision between particles and the wall increase Use thicker aluminium wall / clamp or clip at the cover To withstand higher pressure in the pot Total

1 1 1 1 (10) 1 1

(e)(i)

8(a) The bulb dissipated 40 J energy in one second when it is connected to 240 V power supply. (b) I= = = 0.167 A (c)(i) E = Pt = = 8J (ii) E = Pt = x1

1 1

x1

1 1

= 32 J
(d)(i) Same Produce same brightness/light energy (ii) Bulb in diagram 8.2 is more efficient (iii) Bulb in 8.2 Less energy lost Total 9(a)(i) Rate of change of momentum. (ii) 1. Egg in diagram 9.2 break/ egg in diagram 9.1 does not break. 2. Force (act on the egg) on surface A is less than on surface B // vice versa. 3. Time of impact on surface A is less than on surface B//vice versa. 4. The egg breaks when the force is big because the time of impact on the egg is small. 5. The smaller the time if impact the bigger the force acting on the egg.

1 1 1 1 1 (12) 1

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(b) 1. 2. 3. 4. (c)

Soft material/ thick material reduce impulsive force act on the egg increase the time of impact the shorter the time impact, the higher the impulsive force Explanation Allow for better / fast air flow//produce more lift force // reduce air resistance Light// high velocity/ acceleration //further distance travelled//reduce inertia // smaller mass Light// high velocity/ acceleration //further distance travelled//reduce inertia // smaller mass Not easily broken //withstand high force Short time impact// high impulsive force Total

Modification Shape of the shuttle conical shape /oval /diagram Material used for shuttle feather / small mass/ low density Material used for base of the shuttle cork/ small mass/ low density Material used for the string of the racquet strong/ low elasticity High tension

## 10(a) (a) (b)(i)

diffraction wavelength 10.1 > 10.2 size of slit are same circular wave for 9.1 or plane wave for 9.2 10.2 size of slit > wavelength, plane wave bending at the edge/slightly bend plane wave is produced // 10.1 size of slit < wavelength, circular wave is produced The smaller the size of the slit compared to the wavelength, the diffraction effect more obvious. Radio wave is electromagnetic wave Radio wave have higher velocity than sound wave Radio wave can travel without medium but sound wave need the medium has high frequency / carry more information carry more energy/ can move further Modification Frequency of signal is low The location of transmitter higher the number of transmitter is more / many The strength of signal is higher The distance between two transmitter is closer Reason Longer wavelength/ diffraction easier no blocking / capture more signal

10 (20) 1 1 1 1 1

(ii)

(c)

Max 4

(d)

increase the strength of signal/ increase energy of signal / reduce energy lost during transmission have more energy / can move further 10 increase the strength of signal/ increase energy of signal

Total

(20)

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11(a) (b)

Buoyant force equal to the weight of water displaced Rod A float because weight of rod equal to the buoyant force Buoyant force equal to weight of water displaced Rod A sink deeper in olive oil because olive oil less dense than water When the density decrease, volume of water displaced increase = , = = 3.75 x 10 -3 m3 V=

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(c)(i)

1 1

(ii)

1 1 1

## Characteristics Volume of the balloon is bigger

(d)

reason Produced bigger buoyant force / displaced more volume of air Material used for balloon is nylon Stronger / does not break easily Material used for basket is rattan Lighter / low mass / increase the time impact / reduce impulsive force Temperature of air inside the Reduce the density of air / reduce the balloon is higher mass of air in the balloon / increase upward resultant force / can carry more load The best chosen is K because volume of the balloon is bigger, material used for balloon is nylon, material used for basket is rattan and temperature of air inside the balloon is higher Total

10 (20) 1

12(a)

Radioactive decay refers to the process of an unstable nucleus of a radioactive element disintegrate (break-up) in order to become more stable. Track alpha straight / thicker / diagram Alpha has higher ionization power / higher mass Track Beta twisted / thinner / diagram Beta moderate ionization power / low mass

(b)

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(c)

## characteristics Beta & Gamma

reason Beta can be trace by topography tracer. Gamma can kill cancerous cells. 8 days for beta and 6 Half-life of gamma decay is short to prevent damage hours for Gamma to surrounding cells. Half-life of beta decay is longer for the tracer to detect the possible spreading of cancerous cells because it is less harmful. Good absorption by Radioisotope captures and accumulates in the thyroid thyroid cells. to kill cancerous cell. No absorption by Reduce the damage to other normal cells // less other body cells damage to normal cells in the body. The best chosen is S because using beta & Gamma, shorter half life, good absorption by thyroid cells and no absorption by other body cells Time taken for unstable nucleus to decay to half of its mass/activity 30 years 8055-55 =8000 8000 4000 2000 1000 // 8055 4055 2055 1055(actual reading) 3 x 30 =90 years

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Total (20)

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