§Ó vµng ®Çy r¬ng ch¼ng quý b»ng d¹y con häc mét quyÓn s¸ch.

Cho con ngµn vµng ch¼ng b»ng d¹y con biÕt mét nghÒ ( S¸ch H¸n Th) Language focus of unit 4

Gerund and Present Participle/ Perfect gerund and Perfect Participle
I. Gerund and Present Participle 1. Gerund (danh ®éng tõ) ®îc cÊu t¹o bëi mét ®éng tõ + ING ®Ó trë thµnh danh tõ. - Gerund cã chøc n¨ng lµm chñ ng÷ trong c©u. VÝ dô: Swimming in a swimming pool on a hot day is very interesting. -Gerund cã chøc n¨ng lµm t©n ng÷ trong c©u. VÝ dô : He likes playing football. - Gerund cã chøc n¨ng lµm bæ ng÷ trong c©u. VÝ dô : Conservation is safeguarding and preservation of natural resources. - Còng nh nh÷ng danh tõ kh¸c, Gerund còng ®îc dïng sau mét m¹o tõ, tÝnh tõ së h÷u,… VÝ dô: Do you mind opening the door? The reclaiming is important for farmers. Thank you for your coming. -Gerund ®«i khi ®Ó thµnh lËp danh tõ kÐp. VÝ dô : a diving board, driving licence, landing car 2. Present Participle( Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i) ®îc cÊu t¹o bëi mét ®éng tõ + ING _ Present participle (V_ing) ®i sau ®«ng tõ TO BE ®Ó diÔn t¶ hµnh ®éng ®ang x¶y ra. VÝ dô: I am studying English now. - Present Participle ( V_ing) ®îc dïng thay thÕ mét mÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ. VÝ dô: The train arriving at the station is one hour late. ( The train which is arriving at the station is one hour late.) Present Participle ( V-ing) dïng ®Ó miªu t¶ hai hµnh ®éng. + x¶y ra cïng mét thêi ®iÓm, mét chñ ng÷. VÝ du; We sat in front of T.V, watching football. + x¶y ra nèi tiÕp nhau, cïng chung mét chñ ng÷ VÝ dô: Closing all the windows and the door carefully, she went to bed. - Present participle ( V_ ing) còng ®îc dïng nh mét tÝnh tõ . VÝ dô: running water, a boring story… Present participle còng ®îc dïng sau cÊu tróc have + sb + V_ing VÝ dô: I had him cleaning his bike. Present Participle.: ®îc dïng sau ®éng tõ “go” VÝ dô: go swimming, go fishing. Present participle ( V_ ing ) cßn cã thÓ ®îc dïng sau mét sè ®éng tõ thuéc vÒ gi¸c quan nh: see, hear, smell…. VÝ dô : I see him passing my house everyday. Present Participle ( V_ ing) còng ®îc dïng sau c¸c ®éng tõ catch, find, leave, object. VÝ dô : I caught them stealing my apples. He found a tree lying across the road. I left her talking to my mother. II. Perfect gerund and Perfect Participle.

II.. 5.( lye) on the ground. . I went to bed. He was trapped in a (burn)………. They found the money ………. III. ( Tell) ……. 5. her English Pia’s promotion prospects are much better. hungry. ->……………………………………………………………………………………….(Win) ……… twice . Perfect gerund thêng dïng sau DENY VÝ dô: He denied having stolen her money.1. ( Feel) ………. she picked up her stuff and stormed out of the house. Hoµn thµnh c¸c c©u sau ®©y víi d¹ng ®óng cña ®éng tõ vµ cho biÕt chóng lµ Gerund hay Present Participle. he didn’t drive home himself. 2. In spite of ( miss) ……… the train . We have done two tests today. 7. 3. ( Improve ) ……. ->………………………………………………………………………………………. One of life’s pleasure is ( have) ………. ( Swim) ……….breakfast in bed. Perfect Participle. She had been to disco the night before and she overslept in the morning. he went into the kitchen and opened the fridge. is my favourite sport. Let’s give chances to other... perfect participle. 9. We switched off the lights before we went to bed. 8. She filled the washing machine and switched it on. 10.. we went to bed. 7. he walked down the road..( ph©n tõ qu¸ khø) cã cÊu tróc : Having + PII . 6. I. 1.. 3. 1. to himself. She admitted ( kill) her husband. we arrived on time. 4. As he had drunk too much. I reget ( write) ………… her that letter. – Will you enter for the next eloquence contest? . 1. Hoµn thµnh c¸c c©u sau ®©y víi d¹ng ®óng cña ®éng tõ lµ Gerund . 4.to work 3. She always puts off (go) ………… to the dentist. ( Whistle) ………. house. I’m tired of …………( work) eight hours a day... ->………………………………………………………………………………………. Ph©n tõ qu¸ khø dïng ®Ó nhÊn m¹nh hnµh ®éng ®· x¶y ra hoµn t©t tríc mét hµnh ®éng kh¸c x¶y ra trong qu¸ khø. 6. Perfect gerund ®îc dïng thay cho d¹ng hiªn t¹i cña danh ®éng tõ khi chóng ta ®Ò cËp tíi hµnh ®éng qu¸ khø. 2. 2. I don’t want to try again. ->……………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. VÝ dô : The boy was accused of having stolen/ stealing her money. so we are exhausted. The boy asked his mother’s permission and then went out to play. the accused man on the day of the crime. I enjoy ( play)…… tennis with my friends. Martin denied (see) ……. 5. Exercises. 2. me that she would never speak to me again . She apologized for having broken / breaking my vase. ViÕt l¹i nh÷ng c©u sau b»ng c¸ch thay thÕ phÇn in nghiªng víi PerfecParticiple mµ nghÜa ko ®æi. -> Having switched off the lights. VÝ dô: Having finished all my exercises.Present Participle. ->………………………………………………………………………………………. 6. My boss spends two hours a day ( travel) …….

Then I realized I was wrong. -> When ……………………………………………………………… 3. First she faced the matter. ->………………………………………………………………………………………. -> We’re ……………………………………………………………… 2. 2. IV. -> Before………………………………………………. 10. The volunteers couldn’t mow the old lady’s lawns because of the rain. 1. Grow your own food. David did his homework and the went to bed. 4. so she was sure of her winning in the competition. ViÕt l¹i c¸c c©u sau mµ nghÜa kh«ng ®æi. It is easy for anyone to learn how to cook. I realized I was wrong. It takes a long time to learn a foreign language. 2. -> After…………………………… 5. -> Learning……………………………………………………………. ->………………………………………………………………………………………. -> After having ………………………………………… …………… 5. 3. ViÕt l¹i c¸c c©u sau dïng After and Before. We are excited about that fact.. -> Before………………………………………………… 8. ->………………………………………………………… . 8. VII. 9. ->……………………………………………………… 3.. She had not slept for two days and therefore she wasn’t able to concentrate. A good way of keeping fit is to swim everyday. It’s less expensive. -> After……………………………………………………………….. We had worked in the garden all day and were sunburned in the evening. They argued.. -> After I had told him off. I told him off. Then I passed it. She went out for a walk.. He bought a radio. Then they fought. ->………………………………………………………………………………………. 9. Since I had not seen him for ages. First he checked the price. She wrote a letter. then we wrote the assignment.. -> After………………………………… 6. then she wrote a report. Entering the room. ViÕt l¹i c¸c c©u sau dïng Gerund Phrase ( côm danh ®éng tõ) 1. 11. First I considered what to study. Zoe had practiced a lot. -> After…………………………………………… 7. I didn’t recognize him. She decided to go away. I was surprised at what I saw. 1. ->………………………………………………………………………………………. -> Before……………………………………………………………. Nam won a scholarship. -> After……………………………. 10. Then she went to bed.7.. She watched the film. We read the book. I had not ridden a horse for a long time and I found it very difficult to keep in the saddle. Then she had a fatal accident. -> Swimming everyday is a good way of keeping fit. ->………………………………………………………………………………………. I worked very hard for the exam. Then I decided to major in Maths. -> After………………………………… VIII. -> The rain prevented ………………………………………………… 4.

/ʒ/. /k/ stopped /stɔpt/ laughed /la:ft/ worked /wз: kt/ passed /pa:st/ watched /wɔt∫t/ 3. /s/. C¸ch ph¸t ©m cña nh÷ng tõ tËn cïng lµ . locked D. Nh÷ng danh tõ kÕt thóc ë nh÷ng phụ ©m h÷u thanh . enjoyed D. / ʒ/. / t/ sau c¸c phô ©m v« thanh (trõ /t/): / θ /. /f/. A. Nh÷ng danh tõ kÕt thóc ë /s/. /z/. allowed D. /b/. intended 2. finished 14. vµ /dʒ/. called B. retired B. wanted B. A. A. 1.Nh÷ng danh tõ kÕt thóc ë nh÷ng ©m v« thanh Sau nh÷ng phô ©m v« thanh: ( /p/. watched b. planned B. passed C. A. escaped C. /id/ sau chØ 2 phô ©m /d/ vµ /t/ ended / ‘endid/ started/ ‘sta:tid/ II. /t∫/. A. laughed 8. faded D. needed D. /ʒ/. A. started 9. /f/. o. matched B. visited 6. galloped 7. showed D. enriched D. believed B. exhibited 4. decided . improved C. helped D. fired B. threatened D. phoned C. asked C. e. vµ /dʒ/. A. ->………………………………………………… 5. vµ cïng với những danh tõ sè nhiÒu kÕt thóc ở –(e)s ®îc ph¸t ©m lµ /z/ days /deiz/ boys /biz/ trees /tri:z/ knives /naivz/ hills /hilz/ dreams /dri:mz/ legs /legz/ ends /endz/ clothes /kləuðz/ Choose the word which has the underlined part is pronounced different from the others. studied C. A. C¸ch ph¸t ©m I. shopped D. u vµ c¸c phô ©m h÷u thanh ( trõ /d/): / ð/. /g/. washed 3. married D. used D. /p/. /dʒ/. hoped C. /t/. referred C. / t∫/. A. /v/. A. It is uncomfortable to sit in one place for so long. moved B. developed C. danced 11. C¸ch ph¸t ©m cña nh÷ng danh tõ sè nhiÒu cã quy t¾c. died 13.4. hoped B. /θ/. You are not allow to smoke here.ed ®ùoc ph¸t ©m nh sau: 1. dedicated D. /z/ vµ nh÷ng ©m giã kh¸c. washed 10. /n/. /∫/.ed Nh÷ng ®éng tõ qu¸ khø cã quy t¾c kÕt thóc lµ . và /k/) và cïng với những danh từ số nhiÒu kÕt thóc ở –(e)s ®îc ph¸t ©m lµ/s/ cups /cʌps/ cloths /klɔθs/ books /buks/ beliefs / bi‘li:fs/ plates /pleits/ 3. ->…………………………………………………. vµ nh÷ng phô ©m h÷u thanh trõ /z/. A. /l/. attended B. /m/. Sau c¸c nguyªn ©m. played 12. looked C. 1. A. wicked C. educated C. worked C. stayed D. /∫/. /z/. và cïng với nh÷ng danh tõ sè nhiÒu kÕt thóc ë –(e)s ®îc ph¸t ©m lµ /iz/ buses /‘bʌsiz/ crashes /‘kræ∫iz/ watches /‘wɔt∫iz/ quizzes / ‘kwiziz/ garages /‘gæra:∫iz/ bridge / ‘bridʒz/ 2.. A. fitted B. endangered 5. /η/ tried /traid/ clothed /kləuðd/ used /ju:zd/ failed /feild/ 2. killed B. hurried B. i. traveled C. /d/ sau nguyªn ©m a. Sau mét trong nh÷ng ©m giã: /s/. A.

uncles D. wives C. 20. explored B. species B. mosquitoes C.celebrations C. schools C. 17. individuals B.headquarters C. parents B. 19. walls A. subjects D. rained D. remembers C. Kennedys B. stays D. nephews C. A. series B. commandos B. 24.15. 18. matches D. regrets B. works (company) D. shops D. 21. houses A. 22. drinks D. meets C. 27. wondered C. means D. programs A. crossroads A. heads D. 26. babies A. sees C. knows A. laughs . churches A. legs B. bosses B. apologized A. brothers A. fingers C. lives B. barracks A. goods D. arms A. computers C. photos D. horses B. hears A. 25. 28. dreams B. chests C. wishes D. 23.