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ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS

Ganesh Kumar.M

HCLT Confidential

Agenda

VIISTA
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FUSE

A safety device that protects an electric circuit from becoming overloaded.

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FUSE
Fuse - is a type of over current protection device. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows, which interrupts the circuit in which it is connected. Short circuit, overload or device failure is often the reason for excessive current A fuse interrupts excessive current (blows) so that further damage by overheating or fire is prevented.

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MINIATURE CIRCUIT BREAKER (MCB)

An automatic switch that stops the flow of electric current in a suddenly overloaded or otherwise abnormally stressed electric circuit

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MINIATURE CIRCUIT BREAKER (MCB)

when excessive current develops, a circuit breaker opens to protect equipment . These abnormal currents are usually the result of short circuits created by lightning, accidents, deterioration of equipment. A protective device that opens a circuit upon sensing a current overload. Unlike a fuse, it can be reset.

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MCB WORKING
Able to protect the wiring and the loads of electrical circuits. MCBs are a Thermal-Magnetic type circuit breaker. Thermal part loads (motors, heaters, power supplies, etc.) will be protected from short circuits by its magnetic parts.

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MCB APPLN

These are manufactured for fault level of up to 10KA. Only with operating current range of 0.5 to 63 Amps. Available types are single, double and three pole version. Mainly used for control voltage protection. Machine Lighting. Cooling unit.

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MCB TRIPPING

Type B devices are generally suitable for domestic applications. They may also be used in light commercial applications where switching surges are low or non-existent. Type C devices are the normal choice for commercial and industrial applications where fluorescent lighting, motors etc. are in use. Type D devices have more limited applications, normally in industrial use where high inrush currents may be expected. Examples include large battery charging systems, winding motors, transformers, X-ray machines and some types of discharge lighting. Type B devices are designed to trip at fault currents of 3-5 times rated current (In). For example a 10A device will trip at 30-50A. Type C devices are designed to trip at 5-10 times In (50-100A for a 10A device). Type D devices are designed to trip at 10-20 times In (100-200A for a 10A device).
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Curve Graph

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MOULDED CASE CIRCUIT BREAKER (MCCB)

An automatic switch that stops the flow of electric current in a suddenly overloaded or otherwise abnormally stressed electric circuit for high SC production.

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MCCB (Mould case circuit breakers)

MCCBs are Moulded case Circuit breakers, with protection facilities of over current, earth fault. They are manufactured for fault levels of 16KA to 50KA and operating current range of 25A to 630Amps. They are used for application related with larger power flow requirement. In machines it is used for main supply connection.

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MOTOR PROTECTION CIRCUIT BREAKER (MPCB)

An automatic switch that stops the flow of electric current in a suddenly overloaded or Short circuit protection.

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MPCB (MOTOR PROTECTION CIRCUIT BREAKER)


Motor Protection Circuit Breakers may provide the following protective and control functions. Disconnect for Motor Branch Circuit Branch-Circuit, Short-Circuit Protection (Magnetic Protection) Overload Protection (Thermal Protection) High Current Limiting High Switching Capacity Current Range 0.1630 A

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Relay

A relay is an electrically operated switch.

TYPES OF RELAY: Latching relay. Solid state relay. Over load protection relay.

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Relay Operation
Electrical device such that current flowing through it in one circuit can switch on and off a current in a second circuit. Many relays use an electromagnet to operate a switching mechanism mechanically. A relay is used to isolate one electrical circuit from another. It allows a low current control circuit to make or break an electrically isolated high current circuit path. Normally-open (NO) contacts connect the circuit when the relay is activated; the circuit is disconnected when the relay is inactive. Normally-closed (NC) contacts disconnect the circuit when the relay is activated; the circuit is connected when the relay is inactive
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CONTACTOR

A contactor is an electrically controlled switch used for switching a power circuit, similar to a relay except with higher current ratings.

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CONTACTOR

A contactor is controlled by a circuit which has a much lower power level than the switched circuit Unlike a circuit breaker, a contactor is not intended to interrupt a short circuit current. A type of relay that can handle the high power required to directly control an electric motor is called a contactor. Contactors typically have multiple contacts, and those contacts are usually normally-open, so that power to the load is shut off when the coil is de-energized. The most common industrial use for contactors is the control of electric motors.

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PUSH BUTTONS

Actuating any function in the machine can be done by Push Buttons.

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PUSH BUTTON
It is a simple switch mechanism for controlling some aspect of a machine or a process. Buttons are typically made out of hard material, usually plastic or metal Pushbuttons are often color-coded to associate them with their function so that the operator will not push the wrong button in error. Commonly used colors are RED for stopping the machine or process and GREEN for starting the machine or process. Secured operations can be done by Key Switch.

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EMO Switch
Emergency Machine Off.

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EMO Switch

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CONNECTORS & CRIMPS

Connector is an Electro-Mechanical device for joining Electrical Circuits as an interface using a mechanical assembly.

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D-Sub CONNECTORS
A D-sub contains two or more parallel rows of pins or sockets usually surrounded by a D-shaped metal shield that provides mechanical support . The part containing pin contacts is called the male connector or plug, while that containing socket contacts is called the female connector or socket .

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D-Sub CONNECTORS Appln


Communications Ports (RS-232 serial communications ) Network Ports. (Ethernet, network interface cards, ) Computer Video Port. (VGA Adapters) Game Controller Port.

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CPC CONNECTORS
Circular Plastic Connectors (CPC). Lightweight, all-plastic connectors and metal-shell versions available. CPC connectors are UL 94V-0 rated stabilized, heat resistant, selfextinguishing thermoplastic material . Operating temperature range: -55C - 105C Unique contact pattern for each position size helps prevent accidental mating with other position sizes

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CABLES

A device for connecting electrical devices together.

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CABLES
Cable Basics Conductor is a material which contains movable electric charges. Of the metals commonly used for conductors, copper has a high conductivity. Silver is more conductive, but due to cost it is not practical in most cases. Aluminum has been used as a conductor in housing applications for cost reasons. Electrical Wires are either solid or stranded Conductors. "Solid Conductors" are exactly that, one solid Wire. "Stranded Conductors" consist of a Wire made of a number of smaller Wire strands wrapped around each other. The choice between solid or stranded depends on the need for flexibility in handling and working with the Wire. Smaller electrical Wire Sizes are generally made of solid Conductors; while Wires larger than Number 6 AWG are generally stranded.

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CABLES
Insulation separates conductors electrically and physically within a cable. The jacket physically protects the internal components of a cable, improves the cables appearance and provides flame redundancy.
Protects from the environment

Drain Wire Metallic conductor frequently used in contact with foil-type signal-cable shielding to provide a low-resistance ground return at any point along the shield. Twisted pair cabling is a type of wiring in which two conductors (the forward and return conductors of a single circuit) are twisted together for the purposes of canceling out electromagnetic interference (EMI) from external sources; for instance, electromagnetic radiation from unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cables, and crosstalk between neighboring pairs.

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AMERICAN WIRE GAUGE(AWG)


American wire gauge (AWG) is a standardized wire gauge system used predominantly in the United States and Canada for the diameters of round, solid, nonferrous, electrically conducting wire. The cross-sectional area of each gauge is an important factor for determining its current-carrying capacity

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AWG TABLE

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SHRINK TUBING

Shrink tubing - is a sleeve ordinarily made of nylon or polyolefin, which shrinks in diameter when heated.

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Heat Shrink Tubing


Its diameter and thickness can vary. Heat shrink tubing is rated by its expansion ratio, a comparative of the differences in expansion and recovery rate. Heat shrink is used to insulate wires offering abrasion resistance and environmental protection for stranded and solid wire conductors, connections, joints and terminals in electrical engineering. To protect wires or small parts from minor abrasion, and to create cable entry seals. Common shrink ratio is 2:1, while high-grade polyolefin heat shrink is available in 3:1 Heat shrink tubing is available in a variety of colors to allow easier color coding of wires and connections
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Heat Shrink Tubing

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SHIELDING

Shielding - Contains electrical energy so that the signal on the cable does not radiate and interfere with signals in other nearby cables and circuitry.

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SHIELDING
It is the process of reducing the electromagnetic field in a space by blocking the field with barriers made of conductive and/or magnetic materials . Shielding is typically applied
1) to enclosures to isolate electrical devices from the 'outside world' and 2) to cables to isolate wires from the environment through which the cable runs

The cable shielding and its termination must provide a lowimpedance path to ground. . A shielded cable that is not grounded does not work effectively. Make sure the equipment that the cable is connected is properly grounded.
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SHIELDING
Protects the signal from external interference.
Shielding materialsMetallic foil Braid French braid Spiral (serve) Semi-conductive

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GROUNDING

Ground or Earth may be the reference point in an electrical circuit from which other voltages are measured

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GROUNDING
In mains powered equipment, exposed metal parts are connected to ground to prevent contact with a dangerous voltage if electrical insulation fails. An electrical ground system should have an appropriate currentcarrying capability in order to serve as an adequate zero-voltage reference level. Signal Ground is a reference point from which that signal is measured. Chassis ground is the box or frame in which a circuit is built.

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TERMINALS

A device for joining electrical circuits together

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TERMINALS
A terminal is the point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides a point of connection to external circuits . A screw terminal is a type of electrical connector where a wire is clamped down to metal by a screw .

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BusBar

A device used for Making Multi- Connection

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BusBar
In electrical power distribution, a busbar is a thick strip of copper or aluminum that conducts electricity within a switchboard, distribution board, substation or other electrical apparatus. Busbars are used to carry very large currents, or to distribute current to multiple devices within switchgear or equipment. Busbars are typically either flat strips or hollow tubes as these shapes allow heat to dissipate more efficiently due to their high surface area to crosssectional area ratio.

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PD overview

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