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ISO/TC 44/SC 10/WG 8 N 29 Supersedes N 26R


Date: 2011-09-14

ISO/dTR 14745
ISO/TC 44/SC 10/WG 8 Secretariat: SFS

Welding Post weld heat treatment parameters for steels


Soudage Lignes directrices concernant les exigences de qualit relatives au traitement thermique en soudage et techniques connexes

Warning This document is not an ISO International Standard. It is distributed for review and comment. It is subject to change without notice and may not be referred to as an International Standard. Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Document type: International Standard Document subtype: Document stage: (40) Enquiry Document language: E /opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch6208/76257551.doc STD Version 2.2

ISO/NP 14745

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ISO/NP 14745

Contents
Foreword................................................................................................................................................iv 1 2 3 Scope..................................................................................................................................................1 Normative references........................................................................................................................2 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................2 5 General information..........................................................................................................................3 6 Heat treatment conditions.................................................................................................................3 7 Application of PWHT.........................................................................................................................9 8 Dissimilar ferritic joints...................................................................................................................10

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ISO/NP 14745

Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO/TR 14745 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 44, Welding and allied processes, Subcommittee SC 10, and by Technical Committee CEN/TC 121, Welding in collaboration. Requests for official interpretations of technical aspects of this International Standard should be directed to the Secretariat of ISO/TC 44/SC 10 via your national standards body; a listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org.

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DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD

ISO/NP 14745

Welding Post weld heat treatment parameters for steels


1 Scope

This Technical Report provides recommendations for post weld heat treatment (PWHT) of steels with recommendations for holding temperatures and holding times for different materials and material thicknesses. These recommendations are limited to stress relieving and independent of type of product or location. The recommendations do not supersede any guidance from the material supplier specifications, e. g. thermomechanically treated fine-grain steels. This Technical Report does not specify when PWHT is required. Such requirements are given in product standards, material specifications or material data sheets.

ISO 2007 All rights reserved

ISO/NP 14745

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. ISO 17663, Quality requirements for heat treatment in connection with welding and allied processes EN 10052, Vocabulary of heat treatment terms for ferrous products ISO/TR 15608, Welding Guidelines for a metallic materials grouping system

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 10052 and the following apply. 3.1 cooling rate variation in temperature as a function of time during cooling [ISO 4885] 3.2 heating rate variation in temperature as a function of time during heating [ISO 4885] 3.3 holding temperature temperature in which the product or component is kept in order to achieve specified properties
NOTE 1 The holding temperature depends on the type of heat treatment, type of material and material thickness. NOTE 2 Normally the holding temperature is expressed as a temperature range.

3.4 holding time time the product or component is kept in the holding temperature
NOTE 1 The holding time starts when the temperature in all measuring points has reached the minimum value of the range of the holding temperature and stops when one of the measuring points falls below that temperature. NOTE 2 The holding time depends on the type of heat treatment, material and material thickness.

4 e NT QT P

Symbols and abbreviations material thickness, in mm normalized and tempered quenched and tempered Hollomon-Jaffe Parameter post weld heat treatment

PWHT

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ISO/NP 14745
R
NOTE

inner radius
Alternative symbols may be used in other standards

General information

PWHT shall be performed in accordance with a written heat treatment procedure specification which includes the essential parameters for the heat treatment process. Equipment used for the heat treatment shall be suitable according to ISO 17663. It shall permit the temperature control of the component with adequate accuracy and uniformity especially for materials having a small temperature range. The heat treatment of products or components shall be recorded by the manufacturer indicating the holding temperature, holding time, the heating- and cooling-rate. Heat treatment as per Table 1 particularity in the upper range of holding temperature and/or holding time may unduly impair the physical properties, e. g. yield strength, tensile strength and toughness of the material. The additional effect of multiple heating cycles should be considered. This effect is explained and published as Hollomon-Jaffe Parameter P as given in equation (1): P = Ts (20 + lg t)10- 3 where Ts t is the holding temperature, in Kelvin; is the holding time, in hours. (1)

A higher PWHT temperature than tempering temperature for NT- and QT-materials could impair the mechanical properties of the material.

Heat treatment conditions

Post weld heat treatment, with the exception of those materials mentioned in clause 8, shall be applied to steels in accordance with Table 1 on completion of welding. If PWHT of materials, not listed in Table 1, is considered necessary, the PWHT holding time and holding temperature shall take into account recommendations from the material manufacturer as well as the welding consumable manufacturer to achieve the required material properties.
NOTE PWHT may be carried out on steels of thickness lower than specified by Table 1. Such instances will include products intended for service with media liable to cause stress corrosion cracking or prevention of brittle fracture.

Where welded joints are connecting parts different in thickness, the thickness to be used in applying the requirements for post weld heat treatment shall be: a) for butt welds the thicker of the two parts; b) for butt welded set-on nozzles the thickness of the nozzle c) for fillet welded set-on nozzles the thickness of the weld; d) for set-through nozzles the thickness of the shell; e) for set-in nozzles the thickness of the weld; f) for fillet welded attachments the thickness of the weld.

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ISO/NP 14745
When additional welds or weld repairs have been made after post weld heat treatment, a further heat treatment is normally carried out. The thickness to be used in defining the holding time required at temperature shall be the thickness of the weld applied after the PWHT. In Table 1 a Pcrit-value is introduced. This parameter, a critical Hollomon-Jaffe value, shall not be exceeded without proving the mechanical properties. Table 1 Post weld heat treatment parameters for steel Material Group ISO/TR 15608 1.1 Steels with ReH 275 MPa Material Holding temperature (C) (mm) 1) 550-600 e 35 1) 35 < e 90 e > 90 1.2 Steels with 275 MPa < ReH 360 MPa

Material thickness e

Holding time (min)

Pcrit
(see Clause 6)

30 e5 40 + 0,5e

17,5

delivery condition M delivery condition QT delivery condition N (except 16Mo3) 16Mo3, 18MnMo4-5, 18Mo5

530-580 550-600 2) 550-600 550-620 530-580 530-580


4)

17,3 17,5 e 35 1) 35 < e 90 e > 90 30 e5 40 + 0,5e 17,5 17,5 17,3 17,3

1.3 2.1 2.2 3.1

Normalized fine grain steels with ReH > 360 MPa Thermomechanically treated fine grain steels with 360 MPa< ReH 460 MPa Thermomechanically treated fine grain steels with ReH > 460 MPa Quenched and tempered steels with ReH > 360 690 MPa

15NiCuMoNb5-6-4 +NT or +QT 20MnMoNi4-5 3) 360 MPa < ReH 500 MPa1) 500 MPa < ReH 690 MPa

580-620 2)

e 15

30 2e 120

17,5 17,5 -

550-620 2) 15 < e 60 530-580 2) e > 60


4)

3.2 4.1

Quenched and tempered steels with ReH > 690 MPa Low vanadium alloyed Cr-Mo-(Ni) steels with Mo 0,7 % and V 0,1 % and Cr 0,3 % and Ni 0,7%

4)

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ISO/NP 14745
Material Group ISO/TR 15608

Material

Holding temperature (C)

Material thickness e (mm) 1)

Holding time (min)

Pcrit
(see Clause 6)

18MnMoNi5-5

580-640 2)

e 15 3) 15 < e 60 e > 60

30 2e 120

15MnCrMoNiV5-3

4)

4.2

Low vanadium alloyed Cr-Mo-(Ni) steels with Mo 0,7 % and V 0,1 % and Cr 0,7 % and Ni 1,5% 15NiCuMoNb5-6-4 550620 e 20 20 < e 35 35 < e 90 e > 90 30 60 e, min. 60 40 + e

5.1

Cr-Mo-steels with 0,75 % < Cr 1,5 % and Mo 0,7 % and free of V 1)


25CrMo4, 26CrMo4-2 13CrMoSi5-5 620680 2)

5)

e 15 15 < e 60

30 2e 60 + e

18,7

13CrMo4-5 All others

630-700 620680 7)

e > 60

18,5

5.2

Cr-Mo-steels with 1,5 % < Cr 3,5 % and 0,7% < Mo 1,2 % and free of V 6)

10CrMo9-10, 11CrMo9-10 8)

670-730 660-720 2)

e 15 15 < e 60

30 2e 60 + e 2,4e 225 + 0,6e

19,2

e > 60

12CrMo9-10

660-720 2) 9)

e 125 e > 125

19,3

5.3

Cr-Mo-steels with 3,5 % < Cr 7 % and 0,4 % < Mo 0,7 % and free of V

X11CrMo5, X12CrMo5

680-750

e 15

30

19,5

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ISO/NP 14745
Material Group ISO/TR 15608

Material

Holding temperature (C)

Material thickness e (mm) 1)

Holding time (min)

Pcrit
(see Clause 6)

X16CrMo5-1

700-750

15 < e 60 e > 60

2e 60 + e 30 2,5e 90 + e 90 + e, min. 180

5.4

Cr-Mo-steels with 7 % Cr 10 % and 0,7 % < Mo 1,2 % and free of V

740-780

e 12 12 < e 60 e > 60

6.1

High vanadium Cr-Mo-(Ni) with 0,3 % < Cr 0,75 % and Mo 0,7 % and V 0,35 %

680-730

all

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ISO/NP 14745
Material Group ISO/TR 15608 6.2 High vanadium Cr-Mo-(Ni) with 0,75 % < Cr 3,5 % and 0,7 % < Mo 1,2 % and V 0,35 %

Material

Holding temperature (C)

Material thickness e (mm) 1)

Holding time (min)

Pcrit
(see Clause 6)

12CrMoV12-10 13CrMoV9-10

e 125 690710 2) e > 125


4)

2,4e 19,4 225 + 0,6e

6.3 6.4

High vanadium Cr-Mo-(Ni) with 3,5 % < Cr 7,0 % and Mo 0,7 % and 0,45 % < V 0,55 % High vanadium Cr-Mo-(Ni) with 7,0% < Cr 10 % and 0,7 % < Mo 1,2 %

X10CrMoVNb9-1

730770 10)

e 30 30 < e 60 e > 60

60 120 2e 2e, min 60 30 2,5e 90 + e

20,5

X10CrWMoVNb9-2 X20CrMoV11-1 X20CrMoNiV 11-1 X20CrMoV12-1

740770 10) 730770 10)

all e 12 12 < e 60 e > 60

7.2

Martensitic stainless steels with C 0,35 % and 10,5 % Cr 30%

X3CrNi13-4

530570

all

240

8.1 8.2 9.1 9.2

Austenitic stainless steels with Cr 19 % Generally not applicable 4) Austenitic stainless steels with Cr > 19 % Ni alloyed steels with Ni 3,0 % Ni alloyed steels with 3,0 % < Ni 8,0 % 2) 11) 530580 e 35 1) 35 < e 90 e > 90 30 e5 40 + 0,5e -

9.3 10.1 10.2

Ni alloyed steels with 8,0 % < Ni 10 % Austenitic ferritic stainless steels with Cr 24 %

5)

Generally not applicable 4) Austenitic ferritic stainless steels with Cr > 24 %

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ISO/NP 14745
Note
1)

Text For thickness 35 mm post weld heat treatment is normally only necessary in special cases (e.g. to reduce the danger of stress corrosion cracking or hydrogen-induced cracking (sour gas)). Higher temperatures may be applied subject to conditions given in application standards. For thickness 15 mm PWHT is optional. If PWHT is considered necessary, the PWHT holding time and holding temperature shall take into account recommendations from the material manufacturer as well as the welding consumable manufacturer to achieve the required material properties. Normally welded with austenitic filler metal; in view of possible carbon diffusion PWHT should be avoided. According to EN 13480-4 no post weld heat treatment is required if all the following conditions are fulfilled: tubes with outside diameter 114,3 mm; nominal wall thickness 7,1 mm minimum pre-heating temperature 200 C

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

According to EN 13445-4 no post weld heat treatment is required if all the following conditions are fulfilled: tubes with nominal diameter < 120 mm; nominal wall thickness < 13 mm

8)

According to EN 13445-4 no post weld heat treatment required if all the following conditions are fulfilled: tubes with nominal diameter < 120 mm nominal wall thickness < 13 mm design temperature > 480 C

9)

In case of intermediate stress relieving (ISR): 630650C Intermediate cooling of the weld below the Mf temperature (typically 90-100 C) shall take place before PWHT to ensure full transformation into martensite. After the welding of the 3,5 % Ni steels with a thickness over 35 mm, it is permitted to weld, without new heat treatment, components that are not subject to pressure provided the following conditions are met: the weld dimensions (weld thickness or corner joint throat) are less or equal to 12 mm; a preheat temperature of minimum 100C is applied during the welding operation.

10)

11)

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ISO/NP 14745 7 Application of PWHT

7.1 General PWHT can be applied with a furnace or with local heating. Reference should be made to ISO 17663 for the methods of application.. The PWHT temperatures and times shall be in accordance with Table 1. Materials other than those listed in Table 1 shall be heat treated according to the specification of the material manufacturer. 7.2 Heating and cooling

During the heating and cooling periods, for temperatures up to 500 C variation in temperature throughout the product or component shall not exceed 150 C within 4 500 mm and the temperature gradient shall be gradual. Above 500 C, this variation shall not exceed 100 C. During the heating and holding periods, the furnace atmosphere shall be controlled so as to avoid excessive oxidation of the surface of the product or component. There shall be no direct impingement of flame on the product or component. When the product or component has attained a uniform holding temperature (see Table 1) this temperature shall be held for the period specified in Table 1. 7.3 Heating in a furnace

In the case of furnace PWHT, the temperature of the furnace at the time when the product or component is placed in or taken out of the furnace shall not exceed: 400 C for products or components of not complicated shape or e < 60 mm thickness; 300 C for products or components of complicated shape or e 60 mm thickness.

The rate for heating or cooling of the product or component shall not exceed the following: for thickness e 25 mm: for thickness 25 mm < e 100 mm: for thickness e > 100 mm : 220 K/h; (5 500/e) K/h; 55 K/h.

The temperature specified shall be the actual temperature of any part of the product or zone being heat treated.

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ISO/NP 14745 8 Dissimilar ferritic joints


8.1 General

Where a product is manufactured from dissimilar ferritic steels special consideration with respect to the influence on the mechanical properties shall be given to the post weld heat treatment. 8.2 Holding temperature

If the maximum temperature in Table 1 required of one material in the dissimilar combination is equal to or greater than the minimum of the second, e.g. 16Mo3 to 13CrMo4-5, then PWHT for the material with the highest temperature in Table 1 shall be carried out, but as close to the minimum temperature as practical. In this respect the time shall be measured when the lowest reading thermocouple reaches a temperature 10 C below the minimum specified in Table 1 (without the need for requalification of the welding procedure). Consideration shall be given to the effect of this higher temperature and possibly longer time on the mechanical properties of the second material in accordance with the requirements stated in application standards. When the maximum temperature allowed in Table 1 of one material in the dissimilar combination is lower than the minimum temperature allowed for the second, e.g. 13CrMo4-5 to X11CrMo9-1 then one of the following routes shall be followed: a) PWHT the combination in accordance with the requirements for the material requiring the highest temperature according to Table 1 and carry out a simulated treatment on the other material to determine suitable mechanical properties for design. This shall include the effect of PWHT on impact values and microstructure in addition to strength; b) redesign the combination to include a transition material that overlaps the temperature range.

EXAMPLE First weld X11CrMo9-1 to 10CrMo9-10 and PWHT at (730 to 750) C, then later weld 10CrMo9-10 to 13CrMo4-5 and PWHT at (670 to 690) C.

c)

Weld overlay the joint preparations with stainless steel or high nickel weld metal;

PWHT each component separately after welding at the appropriate time and temperature for each material in the combination. Weld the component/material combination of the weld overlay joints using stainless/high nickel weld and do not carry out further PWHT. 8.3 Dissimilar parts

Where a weld is between a structural part and a pressure part the PWHT should be as for the pressure part.

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