This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
David Baillie Chairman, ISO/TC 69/SC 5
ISO/TC 69/SC 5 has published 3 Technical Reports and 18 standards. 4 of these standards are presently under revision and 2 new standards are presently under development. 4 further standards are planned for the future. One of the purposes of this presentation is to gather ideas, if any, for potential new acceptance sampling standards.
ISO 2859 Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes
The ISO 2959 series presently consists of 6 parts, namely Parts 1 to 5 and Part 10.
ISO 2859 series (continued) ISO 2859-10 Introduction to the ISO 2859 series of attribute sampling standards .
double sampling and multiple sampling plans.ISO 2859 series (continued) ISO 2859-1:1999 Sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection Contains single sampling. both for percent nonconforming items and for nonconformities per 100 items Applicable to a continuing series of lots. .
ISO 2859 series (continued) ISO 2859-2:1985 Sampling plans indexed by limiting quality (LQ) for isolated lot inspection This standard is presently under revision at DIS ballot stage. .
ISO 2859 series (continued) ISO 2859-3:2005 Skip-lot sampling procedures .
ISO 2859 series (continued) ISO 2859-4:2002 Procedures for assessment of declared quality levels .
ISO 2859 series (continued) ISO 2859-5:2005 System of sequential sampling plans indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection .
.ISO 3951 series: Sampling procedures for inspection by variables The ISO 3951 series presently consists of 5 parts. namely Parts 1 to 5.
ISO 3951 series (continued) ISO 3951-1:2005 Specification for single sampling plans indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection for a single quality characteristic and a single AQL .
ISO 3951 series (continued) ISO 3951-2:2006 General specification for single sampling plans indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection of independent quality characteristics .
ISO 3951 series (continued) ISO 3951-3:2007 Double sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection .
ISO 3951 series (continued) ISO 3951-4 (under DIS ballot) Procedures for assessment of declared quality levels .
ISO 3951 series (continued) ISO 3951-5:2006 Sequential sampling plans indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for inspection by variables (known standard deviation) .
. two standards have been developed. The plans can be used for acceptance sampling or hypothesis testing. one for attributes and one for variables.Sequential sampling plans indexed by producer’s and consumer’s risk points In order to satisfy a need for sequential sampling plans having fixed maximum risks at two quality levels.
Sequential sampling plans indexed by producer’s and consumer’s risk points (continued) ISO 8422:2006 Sequential sampling plans for inspection by attributes .
Sequential sampling plans indexed by producer’s and consumer’s risk points (continued) ISO 8423:2008 Sequential sampling plans for inspection by variables for percent nonconforming (known standard deviation) .
. ISO/TC 69/SC 5 has developed and published three standards that depend strongly on such plans.Accept zero standards Because of the preference of many industries to rely on sampling plans with acceptance number zero (despite the poor ability of such plans to discriminate between good and bad quality levels when used in stand-alone mode).
Accept zero standards (continued) ISO 18414:2006 Acceptance sampling procedures by attributes ― Accept-zero sampling system based on credit principle for controlling outgoing quality Uses accept-zero plans on a continuing series in a structured way so that the average outgoing quality limit can be guaranteed. N )a 1 . Method has the advantage that large lots need never be 100% inspected. n (K N .
provides a set of accept-zero sampling systems and procedures for planning and conducting inspections to assess quality and conformance to specified requirements.Accept zero standards (continued) ISO 21247:2005 Combined accept-zero sampling systems and process control procedures for product. . Based on MIL-STD-1916.
indexed by producer’s risk quality (PRQ) and consumer’s risk quality (CRQ) Accept and reject numbers 0 and 2 at the first sample. but 1 and 2 for the combined first and second samples. .Accept zero standards (continued) ISO 28801:2002 (presently under 2nd DIS ballot) Double sampling plans by attributes with minimal sample sizes.
.Parts per million standard ISO 14560:2004 Acceptance sampling procedures by attributes ― Specified quality levels in nonconforming items per million Specifies.g. a lot) and. for quality levels expressed as nonconforming items per million items. procedures for estimating the quality level of a single entity (e. for estimating the process quality level based on evidence from several samples. when the production process is in statistical control.
ISO 14560:2004 (continued) Procedures are also specified for using this information when selecting a suitable sampling plan so as to verify that the quality level of a given lot does not exceed a stated limiting quality level (LQL). . guidance is given for presuming a process quality level in selecting a plan. For the case where no prior sample data is available.
Allocation of priorities principle standards ISO 13448 Acceptance sampling procedures based on the allocation of priorities principle (APP) Part 1 (2005): Guidelines for the APP approach Part 2 (2004): Coordinated single sampling plans for acceptance sampling by attributes Uses knowledge of the history of the process and the level of accreditation in a semi-Bayesian way to reduce the required sample sizes. .
and portable computer algorithms. tables of random numbers.Random sampling ISO 24153:2009 Random sampling and randomization procedures Defines procedures for random sampling and randomization. Several methods are provided. . including approaches based on mechanical devices.
all published in 2007: Part 1: Guide to acceptance sampling Part 2: Sampling by attributes Part 3: Sampling by variables .Technical reports (TRs) ISO/TR 8550: Guidance on the selection and usage of acceptance sampling systems for inspection of discrete items in lots consists of three Parts.
Current work • Revision of ISO 3951-1 and ISO 3951-2 to provide a better match between the OC curves for single sampling by variables and the OC curves for the corresponding single sampling attributes plans of ISO 2859-1. (New work item proposals to be made in September and October 2010) .
(The current edition only has plans for the cases where both risks are equal to either 5% or 10%.Current work (continued) • ISO 28801 revision This revision is primarily to introduce plans with a producer’s risk of 5% and a consumer’s risk of 10%.) .
.Current work (continued) • ISO 3951-4 Procedures for assessment of declared quality levels This standard will be a variables counterpart to the attributes standard ISO 2859-4. It is presently under DIS ballot.
to harmonise the attributes and variables OC curves for use in attriables sampling. (This is one reason why ISO 3951-1 and ISO 3951-2 are being revised.) .Future work Sampling by attriables This standard will accommodate the situation in acceptance sampling where a class of quality characteristics includes at least one attribute and at least one variable.
Future work (continued) Audit sampling Now that the accountancy profession acknowledges that it is better if sampling inspection were not discretionary. . it is a good opportunity for ISO to fill the need for an appropriate international standard.
Future work (continued) • ISO 3951-10 Introduction to the ISO 3951 series of attribute sampling standards A guidance document will help the user to navigate the ISO 3951 series (mirroring ISO 2859-10 for sampling by attributes). .
H.Future work (continued) Continuous sampling plans The problem of existing continuous sampling plans is that the varying inspection load is uneconomic. Methodology has been developed by Wadsworth and Wasserman for basing the sampling plans on cumulative sums. Co. GmbH.. Wadsworth. Germany. 179-196. 1987.. In Frontiers in Statistical Quality Control 3. Physica-Verlag . pp. Heidelberg. A Modified CUSUM Procedure as A Continuous Sampling Scheme. as a result of which the inspection load remains constant.. G. and Wasserman.M.
Future work (continued) Sequential sampling plans by variables for unknown process standard deviation The problem here is to devise a methodology that is capable of being standardized. .
However. the decision whether to proceed will be made as a result of an international ballot on a new work item proposal. . Success of the ballot depends on a scoring system and whether at least 5 experts offer to take part in the development of the new standard.Future work (continued) Any suggestions for future work will be seriously considered.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.