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What makes a war

Backstage of the American attack
against Iraq in 1991

Part of the material for the course “Models and Natural

Resources Management 1”, Milan Technical University.
The expenses for the Gulf war
40 billion US dollars

or 42 billion euros
But who paid for this?
Instinctively we say that the $ 40 billion,
was paid by the USA
This is partially true: indeed…

25% of the expenses 75% of the expenses was paid

was paid by the USA by the Arab countries,
(10 billion$) specifically by Kuwait and
Saudi Arabia (30 billion $)
Where did they find this money?
The oil price before the war was approx. 15$
per barrel...
…but with the Gulf war, it rose to 42 $ per barrel,
generating an EXTRA profit of about 60 billion $

Who did this profit go to?

In the Arab countries the “fifty – fifty” law is valid: 50%
to the state and 50% to the multinational that controls
the oil deposit. This gives us…
Where did they find this money?
Net profit from the increase in the
price of oil: 60 billion $

30 billion $ to the 30 billion $ to the

governments of the Arab
oil companies states (Kuwait + Saudi
Who owns the oil companies?

In the Middle East, the extraction and trading of oil is in the

hands of the 7 Sister (Shell, Tamoil, Esso…), all of which are
American, and 5 are state owned.

30 billion $

Approx. 21 billion $ to Approx. 9 billion$ to

the American State the American private
Let’s make some calculations…
Expenses of Profit from the Profit or loss
war increase in the
oil prices
30$ 30 $
Arab Nations 0
billion billion
USA 10$ 21 $ Profit 11 $
GOVERNMENT billion billion billion
USA Private 9$ Profit $ 9 billion
Sector billion
Now all is clear… USA have made a profit of 20$
billion from the war! It had nothing to do with “Free
Kuwait”… they were only after the “cheese” !
But this is not over yet…
Finally, who paid the ’91 war against Iraq?

Those who use the oil…

…which means
But this is not over yet…

1. So, the USA, have made a total profit of...

$ 11 billion from the $ 49 billion from

oil the weapons!!!
But this is not over yet…
2. Where did the $ 40 billion spent for the war go?

To the war industry, all of which just happens to be almost


Last thoughts

Now it is easy to assume that the Gulf war in 1991,

happened for financial reasons only, and not for
some “humanitarian reason” or for the “right to

But now it is easy to understand two other events:

the reason behind the war in Afghanistan and the new war
against Iraq
Last thoughts
The war in Afghanistan had as a main target the installation of
a pawn government that would agree with the construction
of a pipe line (American owned), of 2.500 km length that
would run across its territory.
This strategically important pipe line, has as unique alternative,
the construction of another one, of 5.500 km lenght, much more
costly to construct and maintain, due to the taxes that would be
imposed to the USA by the countries through which it would run.

It is much easier to reduce to dust a country already

tormented by 30 years of war and turn it into your annex, with
the possibility of constructing and managing the shortest
pipe line without any trouble at all.
Last thoughts
To understand why Bush jr. wants to attack Iraq again,
we must know that the main supplier of oil in the
Middle East is Saudi Arabia.
The rupture of their relationship cannot be mended, because
Saudi Arabia is one of the countries involved in the Bin Laden,
terrorist movement and because the International Public
Opinion is against this country due to their lack of respect of the
Human rights.

So, the Bush administration has a goal: to find an alternative oil

supplier except for Saudi Arabia in the Middle East.
Last thoughts
The easiest way, of course, is a war in Iraq and the installation of
a pawn government under USA guidance. The answer that
spontaneously comes to mind is “Why Iraq?”
For 3 simple reasons:

 It is a country that cannot defend itself (poverty due to the embargo is killing
300.000 babies/year due to malnutrition).
 Iraq offers an easy excuse (the presence of non-existent weapons of mass
destruction, that can be only produced with high technology which Iraq does
not have) to justify the attack to the International community that knows
nothing about oil deposits.
 Until now, Iraq does not have the support of a powerful nation, that would be
in the position to withstand the American threat.
Last thoughts
On top of this, in the last 3 years, a social revolution has taken
place in Venezuela, due to the terrible living conditions.

Venezuela is the greatest oil supplier for the USA.

The Bush administration had to find an alternative to Saudi Arabia
and Venezuela.
What can we do?
Inform as many people as you can about the true
reasons behind this war. An ignorant person is easy
to control. A person thinking logically can resist!

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