TAMIL CINEMA Tamil cinema (also known as Cinema of Tamil Nadu, the Tamil film industry or the Chennai

film industry) is the film industry based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, dedicated to the production of films in the Tamil language. It is based in Chennai's Kodambakkam district, where several South Indian film production companies are headquartered. Tamil cinema is known for being India's second largest film industry in terms of films produced, revenue and worldwide distribution,[1] with audiences mainly including people from the four southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andra Pradesh, and Karnataka. Silent films were produced in Chennai since 1917 and the era of talkies dawned in 1931 with the film Kalidas.[2] By the end of the 1930s, the legislature of the State of Madras passed the Entertainment Tax Act of 1939.[3] Tamil cinema later had a profound effect on other filmmaking industries of India, establishing Chennai as a secondary hub for Telugu cinema, Malayalam cinema, Kannada cinema, and Hindi cinema. The industry also inspired filmmaking in Tamil diaspora populations in other countries, such as Sri Lankan Tamil cinema and Canadian Tamil cinema.[6] Film studios in Chennai are bound by legislation, such as the Cinematography Film Rules of 1948,[7] the Cinematography Act of 1952,[8] and the Copyright Act of 1957.[9] Influences Tamil cinema has been impacted by many factors, due to which it has become the second largest film industry of India. The main impacts of the early cinema were the cultural influences of the country. The Tamil language, ancient than the Sanskrit, was the medium in which many plays and stories were written since the ages as early as the Cholas. They were highly stylized and nature of the spectacle was one which could attract the people. Along with this, music and dance were one of the main entertainment sources.

Crew Actors M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar was considered to be first most influential actor of South Indian cinema.[37] P. U. Chinnappa, another popular actor in Tamil cinema was slotted second only to Bhagavathar, died suddenly in 1952.[38] M. G. Ramachandran became a prominent actor in the mid 1950s and continued to be a popular actor till the late 1970s before stepping into politics.[39] On the other hand, Sivaji Ganesan, the media-built rival of Ramachandran, was considered to be one of the finest method actors in India of his time.[40][41]. Kamal Haasan and Rajinikanth have been the biggest brands in Tamil Cinema for over twenty five years despite the arrival of the next 3 generations of actors.

K. B. Sundarambal, a popular carnatic singer made her film debut with Nandanar in 1935 was considered to be one of the finest actresses of her time. She was paid a renumeration of INR1 lakh (highest pay for a movie star in Tamil back then; amount not adjusted for inflation)for acting in her debut film

R. Viswanath. garnered National recognition for their work in Telugu films directed by K. The legacy was followed by their sons. Thotakura Somaraju and Saluri Koteswara Rao. "Rakkamma Kaiya Thattu" from the film Thalapathi. Mahadevan and Illayaraja. V. V. A. popularly known as Raj-Koti duo were one among the few pioneers after Illayaraja. Box office The Telugu film industry accounts for 1% of the gross domestic product of Andhra Pradesh. is the Telugu film industry in India. More than 50 Telugu films so far have been remade or dubbed into other Indian languages (see List of films remade or dubbed from the Telugu language). holds Guinness World Record for acting in the most films in the same language. T. Raju were eminent for their contribution to Telugu classical's. Duryodhana. Film actors N. Rahman has worked as a key board player for the duo Raj-Koti and Ramesh Naidu in the early 90's[40] Music composers from other regions. Rahman received international recognition. scored by Ilaiyaraaja was voted by people from 155 countries as fourth in the world's top 10 most popular songs of all time.[7] Veteran actor Akkineni Nageswara Rao was the first person to come to Hyderabad and build a studio. held in Jakarta for the film Narthanasala in 1963. T.[43] These two composers also hold the record of having won the most number of awards for Best Music Director from the National Film Awards. Rahman has won two Academy Awards for his work in the British film. Rama Rao's political realm. About 245 Telugu films were produced in 2006. and Krishna — in the 1977 film Daana Veera Soora Karna Chittor V. The Telugu language film industry is known for being one of the three largest in terms of no. Renowned music composer A.[8] To date. like K. R. more than 11. Rajeswara Rao and T.of films produced yearly in India. also referred to as Telugu Cinema or Tollywood. Film music S. V. Rama Rao played three pivotal roles — Karna. The Telugu film industry is one of the three largest film producers in India. Slumdog Millionaire.The industry holds the Guinness World Record for the largest film production facility in the world.567 films have been made.[47] . [46] TELUGU CINEMA The Cinema of Andhra Pradesh. Ranga Rao is one of the first Indian actors of the time to receive international award at Indonesian Film Festival. Industry The Telugu film industry has completely shifted its base from Chennai to Hyderabad in the early 1990's during N. Nagaiah was considered to be one among the most influential actors of South Indian cinema.[36] S.[44][45] In the 2003 BBC International poll. which he named Annapurna Studios.Musicians Music composers such as Ilaiyaraaja and A. to inculcate western music genre in south Indian cinema. R. His debut film Roja was the only Indian film to feature in Time magazine's "10 Best Soundtracks" of all time. a Telugu actor.[4] Brahmanandam.

Sati Sulochana. 1930s 1931 saw the emergence of talking pictures in the regional languages of South India with the release of Tamil film Kalidas.[5] appeared in theatres.[1][2] encompasses movies made in the Indian state of Karnataka based in Bangalore. Raghupathi Venkaiah Award Life time achievement Awards for contribution to Indian cinema 1. sometimes colloquially ನ referred to as Sandalwood and as Chandanavana (Kannada: ಚಂದನವನ) in Kannada. Australia. Tamil. and Malayalam movies. N. A total of 650 cinema theatres in Karnataka gives great scope for the cinema industry.There is a fair amount of dispersion among the Indian film industries. It was difficult. Many Tamil films are dubbed into Telugu on release. . Both Sati Sulochana and Bhakta Dhruva were major successes. Many successful Telugu films have been remade by the Hindi and Tamil film industries. Most of the movies are made in Kannada. most filming. followed by Bhakta Dhruva (aka Dhruva Kumar). B. NTR National Award 2. Germany. sound recording. The industry also remakes a few Hindi. to find financial backing for new film projects in the region. as well. Nandi Awards Life time achievement Award for contribution to Telugu cinema 1. In 1934.[3] A handful of the movies are released in the USA.[48] State Awards 1. with a handful of them in Konkani or Tulu. thus. But prospective filmmakers in Karnataka were handicapped by the lack of studios and technical crews. Sati Sulochana was shot in Kolhapur at the Chatrapathi studio. Nagi Reddy Chakrapani National Award Cinema of Karnataka The cinema of Karnataka (Kannada: ಕನಡ ಸನಮ).[4] Efforts to further expand its market have met with some success. and post-production was done in Madras (now Chennai). the first Kannada talkie. UK and other countries. Today more than 100 films are made every year. very few movies in Kannada were released during the early years of Indian sound cinema. Reddy National Award 3.

Ratna. Dr. S. Ilaiyaraaja. Actors who have done playback . B. But this decade also saw the emergence of talented artists like Puneet Rajkumar (Rajkumar's third son). Aindrita Ray. S. P. Vani Jayaram. Radhika Pandit. Prema and Bhavana (who gave a dynamic and offbeat performance in the single-actor movie Shanti) led the female brigade for off-beat films. Akanksha Badami. Rakshita. Dr. Pallavi. Diganth and Vijay. Swarnalatha. Ganesh. G. K. Harikrishna. Venkata Swamy. Udit Narayan. Nikita Thukral and Sanjana established themselves in this decade. Sreenivas. Sudeep.2000s The Kannada film industry managed to generate several blockbusters in the first decade of the new millennium. Vijaya Bhaskar. Female P. G. C. T.Rajkumar. Upendra Kumar. Manjula Gururaj. Sujatha[disambiguation needed ]. Chaya. Anup Seelin. Vijay Prakash. S. Nanditha. Ranga Rao. the duo Rajan-Nagendra. Yesudas. R. Harikrishna. Chitra. It suffered heavy losses with the demise of superstars like Dr. Pooja Gandhi. Lingappa. Raghu Dixit. Mano Murthy. P. Eswari . K.Sunitha. Sunidhi Chauhan. Chaitra. Sonu Nigam. Young actresses like Ramya. Gurukiran. M. Aswath. K. Chandrika. Anuradha Sriram. Director Upendra turned into an actor and acted in several hit films. Film music Music directors who have made their mark in Kannada films include R. Darshan Tugudeep (son of actor Toogudeepa Sreenivas). Sathyam. K. Ashwath and Vajramuni. Rekha Vedavyas. Priyadarshini. Jennifer Kotwal. Shuba Poonja. M. S. Lakshmi. Playback singers in Kannada films include: Male Ghantasala. Shreya Ghoshal. Balasubrahmanyam. Venkatesh. Thomas Rathnam. Susheela. R. Kunal Ganjawala. Badri.Rajkumar. Archana Udupa. Rajesh Krishnan.Vishnuvardhan. Janaki. Sharmila Mandre. L. Malgudi Shubha. Hamsalekha. Mahalakshmi Iyer. Meera Jasmine. B. Priyamani. Matured actresses like Tara. J. Chetan. Tippu. Hemanth.

GowriShankar (Om). B. Raja Ram (Bandhana). S. V.Dr.Vishnuvardhan. . D. V. S. Dr. Ghatashradha). Bhaskar (Bannada Vesha. Ramachandra (Rishya Shringa.Rajkumar. Sudeep. C. Ganesh. Puneet Rajkumar. Cinematographers Important Kannada cinematographers include: B. Madhusudhan (Daari Tapida Maga). Nagamandala). Shivarajkumar. G. Upendra.

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