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[11:161] - When years are substituted for inches, the passages of the Great Pyramid become a prophetic calendar. [11:161] - The start of the Great Pyramid's construction was 2623 B.C. [11:160] - The only markings in the pyramid are in the Descending Passage at 482 PI inches from the pyramid face. This represents the last year the Pole Star was aligned with the passage, 2141 B.C. [83:225] - The start of the construction of the Great Pyramid is recorded at 2523 B.C. via a scribed mark on the wall of the descending passage perpendicular to the floor of the passage. All other stone joints in the passage are vertical to the horizon. [39:85] - The start of the construction of the Great Pyramid is recorded at circa 2170 B.C. via a scribed mark on the wall of the descending passage. [11:160] - 1170 PI (years) from the construction start date to the point where the Ascending Passage meets the Descending Passage. [11:161] - 1485 PI (years) from junction of Ascending/Descending passage to start of the Grand Gallery. [11:165] - 1881-1/3 PI (years) in length of Grand Gallery. [14:43] - The ancient Hebrews used units of measure that were the same length as the pyramid inch and Sacred Cubit. [14:35] - Red Granite appears in the pyramid apparently to mark special events in conjunction with prophetic events related to the Jews. [11:159] - The red granite is fairly rare and identical with that of Mt. Horeb {Mt. Sinai}, the mountain on which Moses is said to have received the Ten Commandments. [14:36] - The empty coffer in the King's Chamber is made of red granite. [4:251] - A portion of the floor in the Antechamber to the King's Chamber is red granite and corresponds to the "unit dimension" of the King's Chamber. [14:64] - A red granite stone, triangular in shape, appears on a false door at the intersection of the Ascending and Descending passages. This corresponds to the prophecy year of circa 1486 B.C. (Hebrews depart Egypt under Moses) [14:37] - The cubic capacity of the coffer = same as Ark of Covenant made by Moses {Exodus 25} [70:272] - The Ark of the Covenant was 2.5 x 1.5 x 1.5 Sacred Cubits. Guessing the thickness of the sides as 1.8 PI gives a volume of 71,282 cubic pyramid inches vs. the volume of the coffer of 71250 cubic pyramid inches. [14:20] - The pyramid inch and sacred cubit are found as raised images on a red granite plaque at the entrance to the Antechamber of King's room. [14:34] - The length of the diagonals of the floor of the Antechamber are 666 PI. {Revelation 13, mark of the Beast} [14:76] - There were 144,000 casing stones {Revelation 7, servants of God given seals during the apocalypse}

[83:225] - Birth of Adam, 4128.25 B.C. [11:161] - Exodus of Israelites from Egypt, 1453 B.C. {junction of Ascending & Descending passages} [83:226] - Birth of Jesus, Sept. 29, 2 B.C. {intersection of Queen's Chamber floor level with Ascending Passage} [4:160] - Birth of Jesus, about autumnal equinox, 2 B.C. [83:226] - Baptism of Jesus, Oct. 14, 29 A.D. [36,161] - Baptism of Jesus, Oct. 5, 29 A.D. [83:226] - Crucifixion of Jesus, April 3, 33 A.D. {beginning of Grand Gallery} [11:161] - Start of WWI, 1914 A.D. {end of Grand Gallery}

**SYMBOLISM AND COINCIDENCES OF THE GREAT PYRAMID
**

by Tim G. Hunkler [click HERE for info on contacting me] last revised: 07-Jul-2004 This web topic presents a summary of the various geometric, geophysical, astronomical, numerical, and prophetic interpretations made by explorers, authors, and visitors to the Great Pyramid over the last 200+ years. These interpretations run the range of believability from topics such as the Great Pyramid having been used as a sundial, to the calculation of the speed of light, to the prediction of the exact dates of the birth of Adam, the Exodus, and the birth, baptism, and crucifixion of Jesus. Let me state my personal belief that I tend to agree with a number of pyramid and pyramidology authors who say that if you look at the sum total of all of the possible symbolisms encoded in the Great Pyramid, and that even if only 10% of this information was truly intended (and you pick any 10% subset), then even this 10% is beyond a coincidence! Therefore, to achieve the simultaneous design goals which seem to be encoded by the Great Pyramid, would require the ability to modify the size and shape of the earth, the position of planets, and even the solar system. In short, this would require divine powers and therefore the existence of the Great Pyramid implies that God exists. Having said this, this is about all the personal opinion of mine you'll find on this web page. The remaining information is not my own, but merely the collection of pieces of information from the works of others who I hope I have fairly credited. The collection of this data has been a multi-year project. I hope you find some value in this information collection. NOTE 1: In the text that follows references are denoted as [nn:pp] where "nn" is a document number as listed on my web page Pyramid Book References and "pp" is the page from that reference. NOTE 2: {green text in curly braces are my editors notes, comments, and calculations}

FOREWORD In 1977 I first became interested in the Great Pyramid while writing a high school english paper on the subject. At that time, "pyramid power" was a brief fad. My research with materials available at that time convinced me that the Great Pyramid was not a pharaoh's tomb. The seed was planted and lay dormant until mid 1994 when my interest was rekindled listening to a radio talk show featuring John Zajac [11:]. Since that time I have once again picked up the investigation by additional reading. This

whose discovery is credited to Sir Isaac Newton in the 1600's The topic of construction and dimensions is admittedly somewhat boring as it deals with lengths and widths and other such measures. and pyramids excites the imagination of youth. and the Pythagorean Theorem The next topic is geophysical and astronomical relations and this is where I think you might start to agree that there are just too many relations presented to be "coincidence".document is my attempt at a collection of symbolisms that others have found encoded within the shape. written language. Phi. the "Pyramid Inch". haunted houses. The earth was considered flat. And finally. and the modern calendar did not exist Following the geophysical and astronomical relations is the numerical relations. had no plumbing. a list of book references. The intrigue of finding a secret room still remains for me The topic of geometric relations is next and here is where things start to get interesting. schooling. based on the lengths of the various chambers and a translation of one pyramid inch to one year. The sun and stars were thought to revolve around the earth. Math capabilities consisted mostly of adding and subtracting. Here I have collected physical and astronomical measures from modern day scientific sources. when most cultures of the world were living in mud or stone structures. Namely. it is a necessary foundation for the later topics which use this data to reveal the various symbolisms The topic of secret rooms is presented mainly because it is one of my personal favorites. and orientation of the Great Pyramid and it's inner chambers The first topic deals with the custom units of measure that are typically used when discussing the Great Pyramid. It is helpful to keep in mind that the Great Pyramid was constructed over 4000 years ago. Multiple geometric properties are referenced including Pi. The final section is reference constants. This is by far a topic which can be of much controversy. a few diagrams. or medicine. More exists on this topic than I have presented here and I have only begun to scratch the surface with this collection. The miscellaneous section is where I have collected some related tidbits of information concerning Egyptian culture and historical aspects. location. You can compare these modern day numbers with those presented or calculated elsewhere in the text using pyramid symbolisms. Further investigation is possible and numerous references are provided in case you are interested. This adds more data to the argument that the design and construction was not an accident or coincidence The next section deals with prophecies. and a few book reviews relating to the general Great Pyramid topic. Secret rooms in castles. dimensions. However. QUICK-LINK TOPIC INDEX: • • • • • • • Custom Units of Measure Construction and Dimensions Secret Rooms Geometric Relations Geophysical and Astronomical Relations Numerical Relations Prophecies .

Use of the pyramid inch is attributed to Sir Isaac Newton. inch = 1..0010846752 British inches [4:164] [11:151] . Some think it is a tomb. [14:2] . [14:6] .All of the courses of masonry in the King's Chamber have 23 or more stones.399978 mm. Some think it is a Bible in stone with prophecies buld into the scheme of its internal passages. Some have thought the Pyramid was an astronomic and astrological observatory.. some apparently think it is an outhouse.The pyramid inch "PI" = 1.The Pyramid Pint is 28. Some believe it is an altar of Guild built through direct Divine Revelation. . Some say it was a temple of initiation. Some think it was built by beings from outer space..400508001 mm and the British inch = 25. Some think it records the mathematics and science of a civilization which vanished. Some have thought it functioned as the equivalent of a theodolite for surveyers in ancient times. and a barometric pressure of 30.0011 present inches. which has only 7 (5.. Some thought they were heathen idols wich should be destroyed.001081 American inch = 1.7). [11:150] .. Another thought the pyramids were Joseph's granaries.The pyramid cubit or "Sacred Cubit" = 25 pyramid inches. I think the final line of the quote is both funny and accurate. [14:1] .. [4:257] . [4:255] ...7 times that of water at 68 degrees F. I think the statement below by William Fix in his book "Pyramid Odyssey" best sums up what we know about the Great Pyramid: . And today. who discovered that many of the measurements of the pyramid would be in whole numbers if this unit were used.The mean density of the earth is about 5.7) cubic pyramid inches of water. Some hold that it was an instrument of science. CUSTOM UNITS OF MEASURE [11:149] ... and to this I will add that some believe the Pyramid is the best tourist attraction and cash cow they could ask for. judging by the uses to which it has been put. [4:255] .. Some think it performed as a giant sundial. One early investigator came away convinced it was the remains of a huge volcano.. Some think it was a mammoth public works project which consolidated the position of the pharaoh and the unity of the nation.• Miscellaneous • Reference Constants • Reference Sources BEST QUOTE In all my years of reading. and 1.7 -> 5.00106 British inch.The American inch = 25. except the 5th course. or pyramid.The sacred Jewish.00 PI of mercury..5 (5 * 5.. Some think it is a huge water pump.men are capable of perceiving the Pyramid in an astonishing number of ways. Others have thought it was filled with fabulous treasures. and in all the books I have studied.The English inch was originally the same as the pyramid inch during the time of Queen Elizabeth. Some believe the Pyramid captures powerfule cosmic energies.

{(25 x 25 x 25 cubic PI / 1 cubic pyramid cubit) * (Pyramid Ton / 2500 x 5 cubic PI) = 1.In 1986 a study was conducted in which mortar samples were collected for carbon-14 dating. [14:75] . [11:161] .25 Pyramid Tons.. {mile = 5280 ft. British nautical mile = 6080 ft.000 stone blocks weighing from 2-30 tons each with some weighing as much as 70 tons.In video footage of the robotic exploration of the northern shaft of the Queen's Chamber two small objects are visible: a metallic hook and a small baton of wood.The Pyramid Mile is 2917.6418 ft. {(12500 cubic PI) * (1.The pyramid is the most comprehensively surveyed building in the world.C.A Pyramid Pint weighs one Pyramid Pound. [4:257] .} CONSTRUCTION AND DIMENSIONS [18:xiii] To date. . a flat topped mountain. according to star alignment data for the 4 air shafts of the King and Queen's chambers.A cubic pyramid cubit of average density earth matter weighs 1.{conflicts with [5:20]} [5:20] .300. all of which are located on the West Bank of the Nile. [11:150] .C.C.The Great Pyramid is at the northern edge of the Giza plateau and close to the cliff there. [70:68] . [4:257] .The pyramid is estimated to have 2.C.003246507 cu inch / cubic PI) * (90. Other regions near the Great Pyramid could not have supported the immense weight of the structure. [14:60] .25 Pyramid Ton / cubic Cubit} [4:257] .4333 kg} [4:257] .The coffer in the King's Chamber has a volume equal to 1 Pyramid Ton.A Pyramid Ton is 2500 Pyramid Pints or 2500 x 5 cubic pyramid inches of average density earth matter.The Pyramid Pound is 5 cubic pyramid inches of earth matter of average density.Computer calculations estimate 590. [18:245] . a figure which is some 400-500 years older than dates accepted by the majority of egyptologists. and 2869 B. [14:40] . archaeologists have located 98 pyramids in Egypt. [117:116] . [14:70] .[4:257] .The pyramid was built in 2623 B. Two samples were tested at the Southern Methodist University in Dallas and thirteen samples were tested in labs in Zurich using an accelerator.C.At the time the pyramid was built there was no written language (only hieroglyphics). in essence. 68 degrees Fahrenheit.46356+ cubits or 6084. [4:116] .The Giza Plateau has a fairly level granite bedrock base.The Great Pyramid has been dated as circa 2770 B.620464 gram / cu inch) * (1 kg / 1000 grams) = 1136.712 stone blocks used in construction. The resulting dates give an age of somewhere between 3809 B.There is so much stone mass in the pyramid that the interior temperature is constant and equals the average temperature of the earth. Retrieval of the wool would be invaluable for additional carbon dating.The pyramid was built circa 2450 B.. [68:35] . [117:306] . Much of the rubble and debris from construction was dumped over the cliff and actually acts to strengthen the cliff from crumbling due to the tremendous weight and closeness of the Great Pyramid. None on East side.

[14:25] . [18:71] .256+ pyramid cubits.[11:143] . {conflicts with [4:10]} . [14:79] . [14:76] .4 pyramid inches or 365. long by 5 ft. [14:74] . Using 10 work crews per side of the pyramid.63629+ pyramid inches. about 100 inches thick and weighing about 15 tons each with nearly perfect right angles for all six sides. deep and weighed 15 tons. each work crew would need to place 2 blocks per day. It is stronger than the stone and still holding up today.6 PI from ground or the length of the Antechamber x 10.Computer calculations indicated 40.The capstone of the pyramid is thought to have always been absent. The reference point known as the "mean socket level".6 acres with each side greater than 5 acres in area. A soft limestone either pure or nummulitic was used for the bulk of the core blocks and a hard white limestone for the mantle. The vertical distance between the highest and lowest is 17 inches. Click to see a diagram [4:5] . [11:139] . [4:10] . all highly polished and flat to an accuracy of 1/100th of an inch.000 casing stones.The length of a base is 9131 PI from corner to corner in a straight line. and an intentional gap of about 2/100ths of an inch for mortar. [4:5] . Hard limestone becomes more polished with age. [11:151] . [5:52] . [4:5] .Assuming 590. Another 335 pyramid inches higher is the geometric apex formed by the corner edges of the projected mantle. The height of the 35th course = 1162.The four corner sockets are at different heights. or base level.The length of the perimeter at the sidereal socket level is 36525.The length of a base side at the base socket level is 9131 pyramid inches or 365.The mortar used is of an unknown origin.201 complete courses of masonry remain with remnants of 2 more at the summit. [4:9] . high by 6 ft.712 blocks and a build time of 20 years an average of 81 blocks per day would need to be placed.The average casing stone on the lowest level was 5 ft. is generally used as the reference for height and perimeter measurements.C.The cornerstone foundations of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing with heat expansion and earthquakes.The outer mantle was composed of 144. [70:151] . [14:78] . since no mention of its absence was recorded by the historian Diodorus Siculus.745 casing stones were used averaging 40 tons each before the face angle was cut.The "sidereal socket level" is the mean of just the SW and SE socket heights.The base of the pyramid covers 13.The 35th course of stones is roughly 50 inches tall. also [11:146] [5:52] .The length of a base side at sidereal socket level is 9131.Two types of limestone were used for construction.24 pyramid cubits. nearly twice the height of the previous courses. [4:7] . It has been analyzed and it's chemical composition is known but it can't be reproduced.The capstone is thought to have been intact about 100 B.The casing stones weighing as much as 20 tons were placed with an accuracy of 5/1000ths of an inch. The top surface is 5478 pyramid inches above the mean socket level. [4:5] .

161 sq. [4:96] .min.3.The volume of the pyramid is: V = 1/3 base area x height = 161. 9. Red pyramid at Dashur} [18:310] .2 (deg. {(5813.[4:22] . [0:4] . for example Bent Pyramid of Sneferu (Khufu's father). edge to base = 41:59:50.3 acres or 83.The length of the Great Pyramid's corner edges are 8688.524 PI in width.The height of the pyramid without the capstone is 5496 PI. and 36. [11:151] .000 cubic PI = 10.46451 PI. [4:11] .197 PI in height.The 5 angles of the Great Pyramid are: edge to edge of face at apex = 76:17:13.2355653763+ PI. The ratio of any corresponding pyramid dimension over the capstone dimension. [4:7] . [11:151] .00 PI.4 acres or 33.The slant face height of the Great Pyramid's sides are 7391.98 PI.The dimensions of the Descending Passage are 4535 PI in length.5. calculated from perimeter of base (sidereal socket level) divided by 2 Pi.30 degrees.The perfect formula height of the pyramid including the missing apex is 5813.5 sec or about 26.The capstone is thought to have been an exact replica of the large pyramid on a scale of 1 to sqrt(Pi)/100.03+ pyramid inches and about 6-1/2 cubits on a side.The angle of the Descending Passage is 26 deg. edge to diagonal edge at apex = 96:3:0.817. [14:63] .The area of the base covers 13. and then only under the proper lighting conditions.The height of the pyramid to the missing apex formed by extending the sides is 5813 PI. . {conflicts with [4:9]} Click for larger picture [14:28] .559. [14:46] .The length of the Grand Gallery is 1881. 18 min. per 100 ft.The height to the missing apex is 5812.The passages are straight to within 0.The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave.375.3 cubic pyramid cubits. The face to base angle is the angle of the casing stones.828. [14:62] .The length of the Ascending passage from the junction of the Descending Passage to the Grand Gallery is 1543.The area of each face covers 5. [18:65] . [0:2] . Descending Passage. [11:161] .4.41 PI.5985600+ PI. dihedral or face to face parallel to base = 112:25:39. face to base = 51:51:14. [0:3] . The effect is not visible from the ground or from a distance but only from the air.The Great Pyramid is the only pyramid to have chambers above ground level. [4:97] .Click on pic for full size [4:162] . [18:310] .0.2355653 PI)/3 * 9131 PI * 9131 PI} [0:1] . and its width just above the ramp stones is 82. {not true.The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8 sided pyramid.339.The estimated height of the capstone is about 103.743. the only pyramid to have been built this way.72 PI.013 in.sec). PI. 41. when multiplied by the square root of Pi equals 100.610 sq PI.

The length of the horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber is 1521. [70:140] . [70:119] . Hollowing out of the interior would require tubular drills of the same material applied with a tremendous vertical force. 149.243 PI. respectively. weighing some 20 tons.Dimensions of the King's Chamber in PI: 413 L x 206 W x 228 H {conflicts with [36:266]} [4:266] . exterior length (at top) = 89. side and end thickness = 5. [11:157] . [11:159] . Swivel doors were found in only two other pyramids: Khufu's father and grandfather.Dimensions of the King's Chamer in PI: 412.The Queen's Chamber has a gabled roof and the King's Chamber a flat roof. but when closed.200 cubic PI. interior depth = 34. [102:12] .6836336+ PI. exterior height = 41.Antechamber to King's Chamber: 116.388 PI.3147946+ PI. the floor is rough and unfinished.44644 PI high [4:255] . The height of the walls is then 235.The granite coffer in the King's Chamber is too big to fit through the passages and so it must have been put in place during construction. [18:110] . [18:110] . [39:68] . Sneferu and Huni.31136 PI.The Great Pyramid had a swivel door entrance at one time. Many believe the room to have been abandoned as the intended pharaoh's burial room as the King's Chamber was completed.Height of King's Chamber is 230.89837429 PI. exterior length (at bottom) 89. The horizontal passage is also rough and unfinished. was so well balanced that it could be opened by pushing out from the inside with only minimal force.26471 PI length (103. It was long a custom for Egyptians to bury their women in rooms with gabled roofs but to bury men in rooms with flat ceilings. [4:221] . long set with teeth of sapphires.94438003 PI.03292 PI is granite). [4:12] .99349900 PI.67063162 PI.The casing stones for the Great Pyramid were cut in quarries from Tura and Masara located on the east bank of the Nile on outskirts of Cairo. was so perfect a fit that it could scarcely be detected and there was not enough crack or crevice around the edges to gain a grasp from the outside.243 H [14:39] . [42:65] .The coffer was sawed out of a block of solid granite. The horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber still bears faint red ocher construction lines along its entire 150 foot length.It is reported that when the pyramid was first broken into that the swivel door. interior width = 26. [4:97] .963.Coffer measurements: volume = 71250 cubic PI.132 x x 230. .The volume of the Queen's Chamber is 9.[11:165] . [18:72] . exterior width = 38.6578860 PI.The lowest course of blocks in the King's Chamber appears 5 PI shorter than the rest because the floor is raised above the base of the walls. This would have required bronze saws 8-9 ft.8141353+ PI.Although the walls of the Queen's Chamber are of finished stone.21316892. [70:111] . bottom thickness = 6.There are 100 blocks making up the walls of the King's Chamber in 5 courses.Grand Gallery is 28 feet high by 1881-1/3 PI long.The name "Queen's Chamber" is considered a misnomer by Egyptologists since no queens have ever been found in pharaoh's pyramids.Microscopic analysis of the coffer reveals that it was made with a fixed point drill that used hard jewel bits and a drilling force of 2 tons. [4:94] . interior length = 77.

SECRET ROOMS click on thumbnail for the large shot . [18:82] .0. The Great Pyramid could have functioned as a stellar observatory during its construction. a small two pronged hook made out of some metal. The reasons give are many.There are no hieroglyphics or writings in the Great Pyramid. The cross section of these shafts are sometimes oval. Vyse's diary for that day described a thorough examination of the relieving rooms but no mention of the hieroglyphics and quarry marks. These were sent to England a short time later and were lost until 1993. And finally. was missing. Waynmon Dixon was opening the shafts of the Queen's chamber. They are 7 inches high. [117:112] . about 49 feet above the base and 24 feet east of the central axis of the north face. [4:258] . taking into account the different type and quantities of stone as well as the hollow chambers is 0."Quarry Marks" exist in the relieving chambers above the King's Chamber.367. Click for a diagram [68:45] . including one mark which is reported to indicate Khufu.There are 36 ceiling stones in the roof of the Grand Gallery. but the main ones are: These marks appear only in the 4 relieving chambers opend by Vyse and not in the original relieving chamber opened by Davison in 1765. and 5 inches up from the 3rd overlapping corbel. however. which originally stopped 5 inches short of the final block in the walls of the Queen's Chamber. The wood. 1 inch deep. In the northern shaft. One source suggests that these quarry marks were faked by Howard Vyse in 1837. The marks were mentioned only the next day.Taking average earth density as 1.4078994+ times that of the average earth density (taken as 1. mistakes were made. he found three items: a rough stone sphere.The original entrance was located on the north face. [70:302] . The Queen's Chamber has 2 which stopped just short of the walls of the chamber and which do not penetrate completely to the exterior. the granite of the King's Chamber is 0. Click to see a diagram [14:58] . and sometimes rectangular. [102:154] .Of all the pyramids.The Grand Gallery contains two grooves. the pharaoh under whose reign the Great Pyramid was built.[102:9] . [4:258] . when Vyse returned with witnesses. about 5 inches in diameter which connect to the exterior. the average density of the core limestone blocks is 0. They run the entire length of the gallery.479. in the marks bearing Khufu's name. sometimes domed. the limestone casing blocks is 0.0).The estimate for the average density of the pyramid as a whole. and a fine piece of cedar wood some 12" long with some strange notches cut into it.Each of the ceiling stones in the Grand Gallery were individually removable. [117:102] . The only symbols are some graphics on the wall of the Room of Chaos. The King's Chamber has 2. There are problems with the hieroglyphics in that they are a mixture of styles and syntax/usage from differing time periods of Egypt. when they were re-located in storage in the British Museum.In 1872.412. only the Great Pyramid has "air shafts". one in the east wall and one in the west wall. Those same mistakes occur in the only two hieroglyphics references that would have been available to Vyse at that time.

which is typically used in pyramids only for lining chambers. They were not permitted to dig or tunnel for further investigation. [117:117] . See a diagram [18:104] . This type of indicator can also be found at the junction of the descending and ascending passageways.In 1988 a Japanese team lead by Professor Yoshimura detected a cavity off the Queen's Chamber passageway very near to where the French team drilled in 1986. Three potential cavities were identified in the area of the Sphinx. See a diagram [14:72] . The team has not been allowed to return to complete the project. A second structures was detected on the western side of the passageway about 6 meters before the entrance to the chamber. Egyptian authorities intervened and halted the project. Professor Jean Kerisal was part of a team conducting ground penetrating radar and microgravimetric measurements in the Pit and horizontal passage connecting the bottom of the descending passage. [117:50] . [18:276] . [18:105] . possibly due to the denser granite walls.In 1986 a French team using microgravimeter equipment detected small hidden cavities behind the west wall of the horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber.5-3. They also identified a cavity behind the western part of the northern wall of the Queen's Chamber. . No further investigation has been done.In 1987 a Japenese team used an electromagnetic wave method to search for cavities in the Great Pyramid.4 meters and at least 5 meters deep very close to the western wall of the passage. Here the joints are larger than normal and covered by mortar. [18:103] . The joints are very precise and this is the only stone in the foundation perimeter not at a right angle to normal construction. [88:101] . They were permitted to bore a 1" diameter hole and found a cavity filled with sand.5 meters beneath and extending for 2.Sixty-five meters up the southern shaft of the Queen's Chamber is a miniature portcullis slab discovered by a robotic camera in 1993. Soundings seem to indicate a vertical shaft 1.In October of 1992.About 70 feet along the north side of the Great Pyramid from the northeast corner is a 4x10 ft stone sunk into the foundation at an angle. a passage leading to a subterranean area beneath the Sphinx was rediscovered.It has long been believed that the Sphinx had subterranean tunnels leading to each of the three major pyramids. Results in the Pit were not conclusive but were extremely promising in the horizontal chamber. It is very likely an entrance. This could be either a natural chamber in the limestone or a completely separate passageway system. GEOMETRIC RELATIONS [14:57] . They identified no cavities within the King's chamber. Further investigation is expected in February of 1995. In October. one broken.The cavities in the horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber correspond to two floor stones in this passageway with joints perpendicular to the rest of the joints in the floor stones.[68:173] . They also detected a large cavity behind the NW wall of the Queen's Chamber and a sign of a tunnel outside of the pyramid. A structure was detected under the floor of the horizontal passage. 1994. They identified a cavity under the horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber about 1. which appeared to run underneath the structure.The information symbolized within the Great Pyramid is repeated multiple times. The Egyptian government has refused requests for further exploration.In the King's Chamber all of the stone joints are very tight except in the lower left-hand corner of the west wall. This area of the shaft is lined with Tura limestone. This is a strong indication of an opening to another chamber or passage. Attached are two copper fittings.4 x 1.0 meters in depth. It would have been covered by the mantle but is now accessible since the mantle is gone.

Value of Pi: The perimeter of the base divided by twice the height = Pi to 5 decimal places {9131*4/5813*2 = 3. the stone over the entrance is the only stone in the walls that is two courses high.1.13.Value of Phi: .There is evidence that the Egyptians had worked out a relationship between Pi and Phi of: Pi = 6/5ths of (Phi)**2. It represents a 3-4-5 Pythagorean relationship by its measure of 124"L x 93"H x 155" diagonal.3 seconds.C..The Pythagorean relationship represented by a 3-4-5 right triangle is displayed in the dimensions of the King's Chamber. The inset forms a rectangle of 80. [18:194] . [11:143] .244+ PI.8.6181818.12)*2 / 412.2.The relationship of Pi between the circumference and diameter of a circle was thought to have been first reported in 300 B.The ratio of the diagonal of the pyramid's base to it's height = 20:9 [14:14] .3. It's polished surfaces would have reflected light like a beacon.[14:13] ...141579+} [18:126] . This provided the complimentary squaring of a circle and circling of a square.618). The perimeter of this rectangle is the same as the height of the King's Chamber {230. [70:109] .The top of the coffer has an inset to hold the lid.12 = 3. The key to this relationship is knowledge of the value of Pi and designing the angle of the pyramid to be exactly 51 degrees. [4:263] .C.34..The slope of the angle of the pyramid's corners are in the ratio of 9:10 [14:16] .In the King's Chamber. by the Greek mathematician Archimedes. Phi is another transcendental number like Pi which has no exact value (approximate value = 1.Value of Pi: The perimeter of the north or south wall of the King's Chamber divided by the length of the wall = Pi {(230. [18:102] . the length is 412".949+ PI by 34.).The coffer's mean length is the same as the width of the King's Chamber minus the length of the antechamber. [4:265] .With the mantle in place. The east wall diagonal is 309".. .The length of the King's Chamber in pyramid inches used as the diameter of a circle produces a circle with area equal to the area of the base of the pyramid if that area is expressed in Sacred Cubits. [14:18] .5. which was not generally publicized until 1200 A. The unique properties of Phi are that phi +1 = phi squared and also 1 + 1/phi = phi.38+5. the Pythagorean relation was not identified until 497 B. GEOPHYSICAL AND ASTRONOMICAL RELATIONS [11:151] .D.21. [4:266] .The ratio of the apothem (face slant height) to half a base side = Phi (1. and 14. [14:24] . [18:126] . then the circumference of this circle is the same as the perimeter of the base. [18:102] .The length of the Antechamber to the King's Chamber = 1/50th the height of the pyramid. The Phi ratio is the basis for the Fibonacci sequence 1.0+412.However.If the height of the pyramid is taken as the radius of a circle. [70:140] . the Great Pyramid could be seen from the mountains in Israel and probably the moon as well.The information encoded into the Great Pyramid is repeated multiple times. and the long central diagonal is 515".The coffer's interior volume is 1/2 of it's exterior volume.14} [18:126] .The external height of the coffer is 1/10th the length of the King's Chamber.388 PI}. 51 minutes.

236826733. SM = 29.5985600 / 51. = 10 * Pi * SM .26471 PI * 3. and 0.Synodical Month: The "unit dimension" for the Queen's Chamber is 92.Sidereal Year: The length of a base side at sidereal socket level is 365.Aligned True North: The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error.256+ pyramid cubits. or 365.6.14159 = 365.The ratio of the lengths of the Grand Gallery to the Ascending Passage is 1/10th the ratio of the day's in the Bible's prophetic year (360) to the days in the moon's synodical month.D.236826702. one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.73077 = 10*3. [14:71] .Synodical Month: . and 31 degrees. {accurate to 6 digits} [4:251] . {9131/25 = 365. The number of days in the moon's synodical month can be found from: 10 * U.5305882= 1.1 * (360/SM).[14:59] .5305882 days = 29days. 9 minutes.{1881. {(1881.242 [4:96] .5985600 / 1521. the same to 8 digits} [4:97] .Tropical Year: . it casts no shadow at noon during the spring equinox.Tropical Year: The ratio of the lengths of the Grand Gallery to the solid diagonal of the King's Chamber times 100 equals the number of days in a tropical year.0 seconds east longitude. [4:5] . {921.53059357+. accurate to 9 digits} [4:97] . The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth.With the original surrounding courtyards and temples in place. accurate to 5 digits} [14:17] . 58 minutes.The length of the antechamber of the King's Chamber times Pi = length of a sidereal year { 116. 44min. the pyramid was used as a sundial.Tropical Year: .The pyramid is located at 29 degrees.Center of Land Mass: The Great Pyramid is located at the center of the land mass of the earth.The perimeter of the base divided by 100 = 365. 365.242. [14:9] .24. [4:111] .516461) * 100 = 365. it's latitude. [4:114] .Synodical Month: Ten times the ratio of the lengths of the Grand Gallery to the Horizontal Passage equals the ratio of a tropical year to a synodical month. SM = 29.5985600 / 1543.The pyramid was used to indicate solstices and equinoxes.173077+ PI.6. accurate to 5 digits} [14:3] .Tropical Year or Calendar Year: The length of a base side is 9131 pyramid inches measured at the mean socket level.242200.06 seconds north latitude. the number of days in a year. accurate to 8 digits} [4:222] Sidereal Year: .31136) = 1.The length of the granite portion of the floor of the antechamber to the King's Chamber times 2*sqrt(Pi) = 365. [102:122] .14159*SM .46451 = 0. {accurate to 6 digits} [4:94] .24 pyramid cubits. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the pyramid was probably exactly aligned at one time. which is the number of days in a year.Mean Earth Temperature: The average temperature of Egypt equals the average temperature of earth = avg.Tropical Year: The length of the Antechamber used as the diameter of a circle produces a circumference of 365. {9131 PI * 4 / 100.76 sec. {10 * (1881. 51. temperature of Queen's Chamber = 68 degrees Fahrenheit. 12hrs.25636 days. accurate to 8 digits} .2422 / 29.Marks Spring Equinox: Due to the angle of the sides of the pyramid vs. [14:72] . accurate to 8 digits} [4:5] . where SM is the days and 6 represents "man's" number.24. 2.

848. which is the polar radius of the earth to within 11 mi.Speed of Earth around the Sun: . 50 = unvarying temp of Queen's Chamber. The perimeter of the base * 43200 = 24. [14:47] .45378502 PI* 10**8 = 427.816. then 1000 = temp of red hot iron.Precession of the Equinoxes: The sum of the pyramid's two base diagonals in PI = length of the Precession of the Equinoxes (~25827 years) [14:22] . {5813.2355653 * 10**9 * (1 mi / 63291.5 * 2 * Pi = 25827} [102:113] .[14:11] .38] Equatorial Circumference of the Earch: The Pyramid embodies a scale ratio of 1/43200. [11:153] Radius of the Earth: The curvature designed into the faces of the pyramid exactly matches the radius of the earth. [14:23] .235565376 pyramid inches x 10**9 = 91.5 cubic pyramid inches of earth of average density has the same mass as 1/(50x50) of the coffer's volume of water at a temperature that is 1/5th the difference between freezing and boiling. 4000 = temp that iron liquifies. Given this.000 tons.500 mi} [14:12] . { 270. This is also the height of the pyramid. which is much thicker than any of the other courses. The height * 43200 = 3938.38] . distance to sun. [11:153] Average Land Height: The average height of land above sea level for the earth is 5449 inches.848. or Astronomical Unit.734. Nice round numbers.Sun's Radius: Twice the perimeter of the bottom of the granite coffer times 10**8 is the sun's mean radius.865 miles } [4:267] . {215.001081 in / 1 PI) * (1 ft / 12 in) * (1 mi/ 5280 ft) = 3950 miles } [117. [14:27] Mass of the Earth: The weight of the pyramid is estimated at 5.316 miles} [14:19] . gives a figure for the precession of the equinoxes.5 PI.The pyramid inch times 10**8 = the speed of the earth around the sun. [14:21] . Which is the radius of a circle whose circumference = the precession of the equinoxes.5118e10 PI = 238. 250 = boiling point of water.Mean Distance to Moon: ] The length of the Jubilee passage times 7 times 10**7 is the mean distance to the moon.58 PI) = 91. Multiplied by 10**8 gives a reasonable estimate of the earth's mass. { 5813.973053 PI * 7 * 10**7 = 1. {4110.The pyramid suggests a temperature system: 0 = freezing point of water.Mean Distance to the Sun: Half of the length of the diagonal of the base times 10**6 = average distance to the sun [4:7] .955. [117. and 5000 = temp of white heat and temp that platinum fuses.94 miles. circa 2600 B.685 miles.C.Precession of the Equinoxes: The perimeter of the 35th course of blocks.Mean Distance to the Sun: The height of the pyramid times 10**9 = avg.Precession of the Equinoxes: The distance from the ceiling of the King's Chamber to the apex of the pyramid = 4110.Earth's Polar Radius: The Pyramid embodies a scale ratio of 1/43200. [39:45] . which is within 170 miles of the equatorial circumference of the earth.Mean Distance to Sun: The height of the pyramid times 10**9 represents the mean radius of the earth's orbit around the sun.9 miles} [4:106] .Earth's Polar Radius: The Sacred Cubit times 10**7 = polar radius of the earth (distance from North Pole to earth's center) {25 PI * 10**7 * (1. .

00 sec) pointed to the star Ursa Minor.30 degrees} [4:19] .848. known and the transit time of light for this same distance the velocity of light can be found. circa 2170-2144 B. [68:172] .2355653 103. and Menkaura for the belt of Orion. Polaris in Greek means "Satan".400 B. a line extending from the apex pointed to the star Alcyone. in about 2004 A. It is measured as an angle of tilt and is 20.1/3 of a degree.The Constant of Aberration of Light: .C.C. [4:17] . Horeb} (Ten Commandments).5 miles/sec } [4:26] . Sirius was associated with the Egyptian goddess Isis and is also part of a unique ceremony practiced by the African Dogon tribe.North Star Pointer: The Descending Passage pointed to the pole star Alpha Draconis.Pyramids mirror Orion Constellation: The pyramid positions on the ground are a reflection of the positions of the stars in the constellation Orion circa 10.36116 seconds = 8 minutes. [14:66] .A line drawn on a map from the apex of the pyramid to Bethlehem = angle of the Ascending Passage and crosses the Red Sea at the most likely point that the Israelites crossed when departing Egypt (Parting of the Red Sea).2608+ .5 degrees. circa 2450 B.0369176) / 10**6 = .The telescope adjustment due to the speed of the earth as it moves through space when viewing stars. { 91. 28 min. [68:172] . 00 sec) pointed to the star Alpha Draconis. 00 min. No other star aligned with this shaft during that Epoch.The 344 ft.The Light Equation: The height of the Great Pyramid.9 miles / 493.The Velocity of Light: With distance of one A. it would reflect sunlight at an angle of about 26.C. Polaris.U. {the descending passing has an angle of about 26.D. [14:49] . The next alignment will be with the North Star. Alpha Draconis has not been in alignment for thousands of years. circa 2450 B.C. length of the Descending Passage provides an angle of view of only +/.169.The southern shaft in the King's Chamber (45 deg. [68:172] .0057101986+ days = 493.The northern shaft in the King's Chamber (32 deg. Khafra. [11:159] . the pyramid of Nebka at Abu Rawash corresponds to the star Saiph. [68:124] . No other star has aligned with the passage since then. circa 2450 B. the pyramid at Zawat al Aryan corresponds to the star Bellatrix.36+ seconds = 186. { (5813. Five of the 7 brightest stars have pyramid equivalents: The 3 great pyramids of Khufu. The only two missing star positions are for Betelgeuse and Rigel.[39:90] .Pyramid as a crystal: If the pyramid were a clear crystal or glass prism. [14:48] .A line drawn on a map south from the apex of the pyramid at the angle of the Ascending Passage crosses Mount Sinai {Mt.816.C. [68:172] . 00 sec) pointed to the star Sirius.36 seconds } [14:45] . circa 2450 B. Our solar system is thought by some to revolve around this star along with other solar systems much like the planets revolve around our sun. This was the North Star at that point in time.On midnight of the autumnal equinox in the year of the Great Pyramid's completion.The southern shaft in the Queen's Chamber (39 deg. minus the height of the capstone represents one millionth the time it takes light to travel the mean radius of the earth's orbit around the sun (1 astronomical unit) using 1 pyramid inch equals 24 hours (mean solar day). 00 min. 00 sec) pointed to the star Al Nitak (Zeta Orionis) in the constellation Orion. 13. 30 min. The Orion constellation was associated with the Egyptian god Osiris.C.The northern shaft in the Queen's Chamber (39 deg.

72 * 1.823. a number which appears multiple times in the pyramid. 5 minutes. [4:258] .The first four digits of DF (286.3 cubic cubits * 0. The mass converted to pyramid tons = 4217607.96 seconds of arc} NUMERICAL RELATIONS [39:46] .3 cubic cubits * 0. the number of steps up to the entrance of the pyramid.339.217.0. {10. Since the mean density of the earth was defined as 1.seconds of arc.Jesus's public ministry lasted 918 days.76 * 8 = 286. [14:52] .010 pyramid tons.1 PI higher than the ceiling of the Ascending Passage.The ceiling of the Grand Gallery is 286.99 x 10**24 kg [4:275] .((89.The Sun's Parallax: The size of the earth as viewed from the Sun and expressed as an angle and generally taken to be 1/2 the diameter at the equator (Solar Equatorial Parallax) is 8.272. (153 * 6) [14:53] . the Displacement Factor (DF) [14:30] .26 pyramid inches. meaning ten.76 *8 = 286.823.76 PI east of the vertical axis of the pyramid. The difference in width between the upper Grand Gallery and Ascending Passage as measured from an axial line through the center is 20.If the 17 steps up to the entrance were continued to the peak there would be 153 steps.4078994 earth density = 4.339.1022.848.017202100 radians = 3 degrees. minus one ten-billionth the bottom perimeter of the Coffer.The difference between the distance of a straight line from corner to corner of the base and the curved line of the concave face is 286.9008091 seconds of arc using 91.497.Gaussian Constant of Gravitation (k): The reciprocal of the distance between the Coffer and the north or south wall of the King's Chamber.1022) add up to 17.25 = 5. [14:29] .The center axis of the Great Step is located 35.Earth's Mass: Mass of the pyramid = volume * density = 10.The Grand Gallery is 153 feet long. 35.The number of fish caught by Jesus's disciples was 153.08 [14:33] . 46.272 x 10*21 pyramid tons = 5. .The perimeter of the base formed by the platform of the missing capstone = 2861 PI [14:32] . [14:31] .{(1/58. {John 21} [14:54] . "the division of ten". The distance between the mean socket level and the height of the leveled bedrock is 8.9008 PI.76 PI deep. and "met".Earth's Volume: The product of the pyramid's volume and density times 10**15 equals the ratio of volume to density of the earth.817 miles as the mean distance to the sun and 3963.The sum of the digits from 1 to 17 = 153.13235 PI) .21760772 x 10**21 cubic cubits = 259. then the mass of the earth is 10**15 times the mass in pyramid tons = 5.The square base has a small depression halfway along each side of 35.67063162 PI)*2 / 10**10) = 0.4078994 * 10**15 = 4.93 x 10**9 cubic miles} [4:266] .08 SEVENTEEN and 153 [14:50] . [4:30] . 35. [14:55] .4914 miles as the equatorial radius. [14:51] .6578860+38.The word "pyramid" is from the Coptic "pyr" meaning division.

The Jubilee passage is 1/7th the length of the horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber.There are 5 sides to a pyramid and 5 corners.The coffer's interior volume is 50*50*50 cubic pyramid inches times 5.7 is mean earth density) SEVENS The number 7 figures prominently in the Book of Revelation. [39:45] .7.The floor of the King's Chamber is 5x5 courses higher than the Queen's Chamber.The King's Chamber is 5x10 times the volume of the coffer. the top is 5x5 inches across.There are 5x5 pyramid inches in a Sacred Cubit. it is corbelled with 5 stories.The floor of the Queen's Chamber is on the 25th (5x5) course of blocks. [39:45] . [39:45] . [39:45] .If we use a "unit dimension" for the King's Chamber of 103.The King's Chamber has 5 chambers above it. which is the length of the granite portion of the floor in the Antechamber to the King's Chamber measured north to south and also the theoretical height of the missing capstone.The Queen's Chamber is a 7 sided room (gable roof is 2 sides) [39:88] . 1945. high. [39:45] .The Grand Gallery has 7 overlapping courses forming its sides.The center seam of the floor in the King's Chamber corresponds to March 4-5. [39:88] . and the inner edge is 5x5 inches from the perpendicular center of the wall containing the niche. [39:88] .The King's Chamber has 5 courses of stone in each of it's 4 walls. divided by 10. [39:88] . (5. [39:45] .03 PI.The niche in the wall of the Queen's Chamber is 5x3 ft. SIMPSON PROPORTIONS OF KING's CHAMBER [4:12] .The coffer in the King's Chamber has 5 solid sides. The bombing of Hiroshima occurred 153 days later.The volume of the peaked area of the Queen's Chamber above the walls is 1/7th the volume of the rest of the chamber from the floor to a level equal to the ceiling of the passageway which enters the chamber. then the dimensions of the King's Chamber exhibit some interesting relationships: measure width height length UD * 2 UD * 4 whose square is 4 16 UD * 223607 5 . [39:45] .[14:56] .The height of the Grand Gallery is 7 times the average height of the other passages.5 cubic pyramid inches of earth of average density has the same mass as 1/(50x50) of the coffer's volume of water at a temperature that is 1/5th the difference between freezing and boiling. FIVES [39:45] . [39:45] . and a total of 5x5x4 total stones in it's walls. [39:88] . [39:45] . [39:45] .

then the dimensions of the Queen's Chamber exhibit some interesting relationships: height = UD * 2 whose square is: 4 width = UD * 2.2360679+ whose square is: 5 length = UD * 2. [11:161] . via a scribed mark on the wall of the descending passage perpendicular to the floor of the passage. [39:85] .1881-1/3 PI (years) in length of Grand Gallery.3166247 whose square is: 11 solid diagonal = UD * 3.end diagnonal floor diagonal side diagonal UD * 3 UD * 4. [11:160] .6457513+ whose square is: 7 PROPHECIES [11:161] .One third of UD = the depth of the coffer.If we use a "unit dimension" for the Queen's Chamber of 92.C.C. This represents the last year the Pole Star was aligned with the passage. [4:92] . [83:225] .The only markings in the pyramid are in the Descending Passage at 482 PI inches from the pyramid face.The start of the construction of the Great Pyramid is recorded at circa 2170 B.The start of the construction of the Great Pyramid is recorded at 2523 B.C.8729833+ whose square is: 15 -----------------------------------------------------sum of squares of all 7 dimensions = 60 gable height = UD * 2.4494897+ whose square is: 6 end diagonal = UD * 3 whose square is: 9 floor diagonal = UD * 3. [70:184] .The start of the Great Pyramid's construction was 2623 B. [11:160] .472 UD * 4.The square of UD divided by 2 Pi = the height of the coffer squared.173077+ PI. .The ancient Hebrews used units of measure that were the same length as the pyramid inch and Sacred Cubit.1485 PI (years) from junction of Ascending/Descending passage to start of the Grand Gallery. 2141 B. [70:184] .1170 PI (years) from the construction start date to the point where the Ascending Passage meets the Descending Passage. [11:161] . All other stone joints in the passage are vertical to the horizon. via a scribed mark on the wall of the descending passage.The square of UD = the area of the four external sides of the coffer.C. [11:165] .1622776+ whose square is: 10 side diagonal = UD * 3.When years are substituted for inches. [70:184] . the passages of the Great Pyramid become a prophetic calendar. [14:43] .583 9 20 21 25 100 solid diagnonal UD * 5 sum of squares .

This iron could prove that the Iron Age of Egypt.5 Sacred Cubits.106] .Red Granite appears in the pyramid apparently to mark special events in conjunction with prophetic events related to the Jews. 29 A. working for Howard Vyse. 5. mark of the Beast} [14:76] . 1837. [117. [14:64] . {Revelation 13. triangular in shape. Guessing the thickness of the sides as 1.The red granite is fairly rare and identical with that of Mt.C. 2 B. Sinai}. the volume of the coffer of 71250 cubic pyramid inches.C. appears on a false door at the intersection of the Ascending and Descending passages.25 B.Baptism of Jesus. an "Iron Plate" was found wedged between some inter stone joints. [11:161] .Baptism of Jesus. [14:20] .The empty coffer in the King's Chamber is made of red granite. Horeb {Mt. The results reported by the metallurgical experts were that the metal was iron. was clearing the exit point for the southern airshaft of the King's Chamber where it exited at the 102nd course.5 x 1. [83:226] .C.8 PI gives a volume of 71. the mountain on which Moses is said to have received the Ten Commandments.000 casing stones {Revelation 7.Birth of Adam.A portion of the floor in the Antechamber to the King's Chamber is red granite and corresponds to the "unit dimension" of the King's Chamber. [14:34] . 2 B. Oct.101] . not of meteoric orgin.The length of the diagonals of the floor of the Antechamber are 666 PI. 29. 1453 B. Oct.Birth of Jesus.Start of WWI. {beginning of Grand Gallery} [11:161] .The cubic capacity of the coffer = same as Ark of Covenant made by Moses {Exodus 25} [70:272] .Crucifixion of Jesus. [4:251] .Birth of Jesus.The Ark of the Covenant was 2. J. could actually predate that time by 2000 years! This iron plate is now in the British Museum. 1914 A.There were 144. This corresponds to the prophecy year of circa 1486 B.C. (Hebrews depart Egypt under Moses) [14:37] . 4128.Exodus of Israelites from Egypt.Optical and chemical tests were finally performed some 108 years later in 1989 on the iron plate.[14:35] . [36. April 3.D. {end of Grand Gallery} MISCELLANEOUS [117.C. currently placed at no earlier than 650 B. [11:159] .D. about autumnal equinox. Sept.161] . 29 A. {junction of Ascending & Descending passages} [83:226] . The plate was roughly 12" x 4" and 1/8" thick.A red granite stone.282 cubic pyramid inches vs. that was formed by smelting at between 1000 and 1100 degrees Centrigrade. R. There were traces . {intersection of Queen's Chamber floor level with Ascending Passage} [4:160] .D.The pyramid inch and sacred cubit are found as raised images on a red granite plaque at the entrance to the Antechamber of King's room.On May 26th. 14. 33 A.5 x 1. servants of God given seals during the apocalypse} [83:225] . [14:36] .C. Hill. [83:226] .D. After removing two outer tiers of stone.

[11:167] .Egypt was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 B.The first recorded forced entry into the Great Pyramid was by the Arab Abdullah Al Manun. Chephren (Khafra). only the partial remains of 8 pharaohs have ever been found. [70:100] .Initially. would suggest that the iron plate had indeed been in place since the Pyramid was built. a small 3" high ivory statuette. [68:15] .The pyramid is the only remaining structure of the 7 wonders of the ancient world.C. the report concluded. those that entered the 2nd chamber were turned black by a powder which existed only in that chamber.The pyramids of Giza are among the oldest man-made structures in existence. and only 23 sarcophagi have been found. [83:90] . treasure. [18:23] . [14:69] . in 820 A. and for their cruelty and oppression. mummy flesh was ground into powder and used in Europe as medicinal aids. Mycerinos (Menkaura). [70:100] .D.The word "pharaoh" is from the Hebrew interpretation of the Egyptian "per aa". [14:5] . He was the first pharaoh of the IVth dynasty.The word "pyramid" is composed of the Greek words "pyra" meaning fire.Between 1300-1700 A. also known as Cheops. [18:23] . originally meaning "the great house". [14:68] .No Pharaoh's body. The evidence. [68:13] . The people were exasperated against them by reason of the burden of the construction work. [14:10] .Mummy powder has also been used for artist paints. caliph of Baghdad. 2789-2716 B. [83:87] . . as if it had at one time been gold plated.C. [11:157] .Khufu and Cephren are reported to have commanded friends to bury them in an obscure place.Another report is that Khufu was buried in an underground tomb which was flooded by the spring Nile. light.C.Forty-two pharaohs built pyramids.D. It was analyzed and determined to be the dust from the cast off shells and skins of insects. Mummies have always come from mastabas or tombs in the Valley of the Kings.No mummy has ever been found in a pyramid in Egypt. [18:269] . or treasure chamber was ever found in the Great Pyramid. and moonlight and was probably used as to aid Nile river navigation at night. and threatened to tear their bodies to pieces after their deaths.The Greek (Egyptian) names of the pharaohs who ruled during the construction of the 3 great pyramids are: Cheops (Khufu). or visible. to the southeast of the Great Pyramid. [18:61] . after the 5 chambers above the King's Chamber were opened.The pharaoh Khufu reigned for 23 years from 2789 to 2767 B.of gold on one face of the plate. Such a tomb exists approximatley 1000 ft. [83:91] . and the word "midos" meaning measures.There is only one known statue of Khufu.Mummy wrappings were at one time used to make paper and burned in fireplaces by poor Egyptians.Of the nearly 100 pyramids built by 42 pharaohs. [18:71] . [68:13] Cleopatra was the last pharaonic ruler of Egypt before it fell to Rome in 30 B.C.The polished surfaces of the original mantle reflected heat. [83:91] . sunlight. [102:63] . The great pyramid was built during the reign of Khufu.

ISBN 0-07-045251-2 Aberration of Light = 20.98 x 10**24 kg .496 seconds of arc Average Days in Calendar Year = 365. 24860 miles at poles Mean Distance to Moon = 238.937.960 +/.879 x 10**12 mi Mass of the Earth = 5.Pharaoh's had 5 different names. inch Mean Earth Equatorial Radius = 6378.247 mi Mean Earth Velocity = 66.In ancient Egypt. 1982.586 x 10**21 tons Mean Distance from Sun = 149.[18:17] .900 mi Moon Sidereal Month = 27.53 g / cu.600 mi/hr Mean Earth Density = 5. Most of the structures were mastabas built to entomb the pharaoh's family. the use of the stone coffer in the King's Chamber for burial would have required the engraving of the deceased's name.870. 1966. Some were tombs for queen's and princesses.597. they were buried separately.65 miles Mean Sun Radius = 6.775 km = 3956. and history on the inside and out.5305882 days Precession of Equinox = 25.According to burial custom.000 meters = 92. D.96 miles Mean Earth Polar Radius = 6356.975 x 10**24 kg = 6.In nearly all of the pyramids and tombs.282 mi/sec from: Physics.32166 days Velocity of Light = 186.37 x 10**6 m = 3960 miles Mass of earth = 5. [18:25] . [14:41] . REFERENCE CONSTANTS from: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Astronomy.857 mi Mean Diameter of Moon = 2159 mi Mean Diameter of Earth = 7926 miles at equator Mean Distance from Sun = 92.. titles.620464 grams / cu. Moon Synodical Month = 29.2425 days (400 year leap-year cycle) Light Year = 5.160 km = 3969. Resnick. [18:271] .25636 days Tropical Year = 365. 1993. it was a general practice that the burial chamber was oriented slightly west of the north/south center line of the pyramid. Gale Carnegie Library Mean Circumference of Moon = 6790 mi Mean Circumference of Earth = 24902 miles at equator.200 mi. and the priestly class.Most pyramids were accompanied by smaller satellite pyramids usually built to the south and east of the main pyramid. Mean Distance to Moon = 238. ISBN 0-471-34524-5 Mean Radius of Earth = 6.800 years (approx) Sidereal Year = 365.470 mi.001 x 10**5 km = 432. Halliday & R.24220 days Velocity of Light = 186. members of royalty. deeds. [70:108] .291 mi/sec from: Science and Technology Desk Reference. Pharaoh's wives were never buried with them in pyramids or tombs.955. cm = 90.

OH [5:] . ISBN 0-06067211-0 [68:] .The Authorship and Message of the Great Pyramid. 1990. ISBN 089345-029-4 [83:] . Celsius) = 1.C. Hunkler.Density of water (@ 20 deg.The Message of the Sphinx. [4:] .Pyramid Prophecies. Max Toth. John Zajac. Lepre. no rights reserved. 1988. E. 1973.Back in Time 3104 B..The Orion Mystery: Unlocking the Secrets of the Pyramids. Joseph A. REFERENCE SOURCES: [0:] . 1891.Derived by editor from numbers and standard geometric formulas presented elsewhere in this text. Earth Volume = 4/3 * Pi * (3963. ISBN 0-517-70503-6 Go to my Pyramid Books reference list Go to selected book reviews of Pyramid Books Compiled 1994-2001 by Tim G.65) / 2 = 3963. ISBN 0-914732-00-5 [18:] .The Delicate Balance. R. W. S. Copy freely with due credit to the author.14159 26535 89793 23846+ Derived Values from Reference Constants: Mean Earth Radius = (3969.305 mi)**3 = 260. ISBN 0-910311-57-9 [14:] .Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid. Taseos. ISBN 0-89281-203-6 [88:] .00 x 10**3 kg/ cu. Peter Tompkins. Seiss. 1978. J. Gray. Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval. mi. C. send comments to Tim Hunkler [click HERE for info on contacting me] .P. 1974.772 x 10**9 cubic miles. Steinmann & Co. ISBN 09626053-0-1 [11:] .305 mi)**2 = 197. ISBN 185417-051-1 [102:] . meter Pi = 3. Gilbert.The Great Pyramid: A Miracle in Stone. 1953.The Egyptian Pyramids: A Comprehensive & Illustrated Reference. G.Dramatic Prophecies of the Great Pyramid. Bauval & A. Rodolfo Benavides. 1996. Flinders Petrie.305 miles Earth Surface Area = 4 * Pi * (3963.The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh. ISBN 0-06-0906316 [117:] . ISBN 0-89950-461-2 [39:] . 1994. Piazzi Smyth.389.96 + 3956. 1990.M.Secrets of the Great Pyramid. Julian T.867 sq. ISBN 0-517-59903-1 [70:] . 1885. 1989. to the Great Pyramid.

-.If you found this compilation thought provoking. I'd like to hear from you. entertaining.Tim . or even confusing.

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