VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS
VSA SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING SALEM

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

Name: ………………………………........

Reg. No. : ………................ Semester: …………………

Class: ………………………………. Subject: …………………………….

Sub. Code:………………

Compiled by Ms.A.Maragathamani, Lect/ECE

Department Of ECE

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VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

Department Of ECE

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VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

INDEX
EXP. No DATE NAME OF THE EXPERIMENTS PAGE NO. MARKS STAFF SIGN.

Department Of ECE

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VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 4 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS EX. 8. 6. 3. Transistor Resistor Components BC107 Range 1 Quantity 600Ω.7KΩ. (ii)To design and construct the Current Series feedback amplifier and to obtain its frequency response curve for with and without feedback. 7.4. 4. (i) VOLTAGE SHUNT FEEDBACK AMPLIFIER APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 2. 5.NO: 1 DATE: SERIES AND SHUNT FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS AIM: (i)To design and construct the Voltage Shunt feedback amplifier and to obtain its frequency response curve for with and without feedback.No 1.4KΩ.10KΩ 1 (0-30)V 1 1 1 2 1 Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Department Of ECE 5 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: C B BC107 E CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i) Without Feedback V C C = 1 0 V R 1 R c 4 k C o R s C i B C 1 0 7 6 0 0 F G R 2 1 0 k R L 4 . 7 k C e C R O R e 0 Department Of ECE 6 .

I C ≈ I E RE = VE V .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS DESIGN: Given VCC =10V . VB = VE +VBE .R2 R1 + R2 VCE = VCC / 2. f L = 50 Hz . RS = 600 Ω. R2 =10 KΩ. RB = R1 // R2 Ci = re = 26 mV IE [ ] 1 1 . Cf = . h fe = 200 . VBE = 0. C E = 10 2π f L RE X C i = hie + (1 + h fe ) RE // RB hie = h fe * re . RC = 4 KΩ R f = 68 KΩ. I C =1mA . VB = X CE = RE / 10 .7 KΩ. VE = CC IE 10 VCC . RL = 4. X C f = R f / 10 2π f L X C i 2π f L X C f RC // RL 10 1 Co = 2π f L X C o XCo = Department Of ECE 7 .7V .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS ii) With Feedback V C C = 1 0 V R 1 R f C f R c 4 k C o 6 8 k R s C i B 6 0 0 F G R 2 1 0 k C R e e C 1 0 7 R L 4 . 7 k C R O 0 TABULATION: Department Of ECE 8 .

10KΩ 1 (0-30)V 1 1 1 Department Of ECE 9 . 3.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS With FB S. 5. Frequency (Hz) Output Gain = Voltage 20log(Vo/Vi) (Volts) (dB) Frequency (Hz) With out FB Output Voltage (Volts) Gain = 20log(Vo/Vi) (dB) (ii) CURRENT SERIES FEEDBACK AMPLIFIER APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.7KΩ. Resistor Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Range BC107 Quantity 1 600Ω. Transistor 2. 4.No.No Components 1.4.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS 6. Probe Connecting wires Bread Board - 2 1 PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: C B BC107 E CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i)Without Feedback Department Of ECE 10 . 7. 8.

7 k 6 0 0 CRO F G R 2 R e C e 0 DESIGN: Given Department Of ECE 11 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS V C C = 1 0 V R 1 1 0 k R c C o R S C i B C 1 0 7 R L 4 .

7 KΩ R1 =10 KΩ. RS = 600 Ω. IE VE = VCC 10 VE IE VB = VE +VBE hie = h fe * re . RE = VCC = VCE + I C R C +I E RE . 10 1 2π f L X CE 1 2π f L X C o Co = X C i = hie + (1 + h fe ) RE // RB RB = R1 // R2 . Ci = [ ] 1 2π f L X C i (ii) With Feedback Department Of ECE 12 .7V . XCo = RC // RL . RL = 4.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS VCC =10V . h fe = 290 . f L = 50 Hz . I C ≈ I E VCE = VCC / 2 re = 26 mV .R1 R1 + R2 CE = X CE = RE / 10 . VB = VCC . I C = 1mA . VBE = 0.

Frequenc y (Hz) Department Of ECE 13 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS V C C = 1 0 V R 1 1 0 k R c C o R S C i B C 1 0 7 R L 4 . 7 k 6 0 0 CRO F G R 2 R e 0 TABULATION: (ii) CURRENT SERIES FEEDBACK AMPLIFIER With FB Output Gain = Voltage 20log(Vo/Vi) (Volts) (dB) Vi = Volts Without FB Output Gain = Frequenc Voltage 20log(Vo/Vi) y (Hz) (Volts) (dB) S.No.

For each frequency note down the corresponding O/P voltage values. 3. Graphs are plotted as gain versus frequency for the tabulated readings. 4. 5. Apply 10V dc supply to the collector and base of transistors. Department Of ECE 14 . Repeat the same procedure for with feedback amplifier circuit.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE 1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. 2. Set the I/P voltage using Function generator and vary the frequency in desired range. 6.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS MODEL GRAPH: Y Gain (dB) Ao 0.707Ao’ 3dB With FB X f1’ f1 f2 f2’ Frequency (Hz) Department Of ECE 15 .707Ao 3dB With out FB Ao’ 0.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS RESULT Department Of ECE 16 .

Which type of FB is used in amplifiers? 3. Define desensitivity.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS VIVA: 1. What do you meant by Sampling and mixing in the context of FB amplifiers? Department Of ECE 17 . What is Feedback? What are its types? 2. 5. Give any 4 merits of negative FB? 4.

3.0. (ii) To design and construct a Colpitts oscillator circuit to generate a sine waveform.No Components 1. 6.0.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Ex. 8. 4. 5. 7. No: 2 DATE: AIM: HARTLEY AND COLPITTS OSCILLATORS (i)To design and construct a Hartley oscillator circuit to generate a sine waveform. (i) APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 9.47µF 30mH (0-30)V Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 HARTLEY OSCILLATOR Department Of ECE 18 .270KΩ 1nF.02µF. Resistor Capacitor Radio Frequency Choke Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Range BC548 390Ω.1µF. Transistor 2.

02 µ F L1 = L2 = L / 2 = ? L = L1 + L2 PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: C B BC548 E CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: Department Of ECE 19 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS DESIGN: f = 1 2π LC f = 30 KHz C = 0.

Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. Switch on the dc power supply and apply 10V as bias voltage. 0 2 u F 1 2 L 1 R e 3 9 0 CRO 2 0 0 1 PROCEDURE: 1. 3. Sine wave output is obtained and the readings are tabulated. 2. Department Of ECE 20 . 4. Graph is plotted by taking time period along X-axis and voltage along Yaxis.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS V C C = 1 1 0 V R F C 3 0 m H R 2 C i B 2 4 7 u F C 0 e . 1 u F C o 1 n C 5 4 8 7 b 0 k 2 L C 0 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 21 .

Capacitor COLPITTS OSCILLATOR Range BC107 2.02µF.1µF. 6. 4. 0. 5. Resistor 3. Transistor 2.2KΩ.2µF.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS (ii) APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 8. 10µF (0-30)V - Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Quantity 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 Department Of ECE 22 .No Components 1. 7.100KΩ 47KΩ 0.0.

2. Switch on the dc power supply and apply 12V as bias voltage. f r = 10 KHz C1 + C 2 LC 1C 2 .02 µF . Connections are given as per the circuit diagram.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. 4. 3. Graph is plotted by taking time period along X-axis and voltage along Yaxis.2 µF . C 2 = 0. Sine wave output is obtained and the readings are tabulated.L =? Department Of ECE 23 . PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: C B BC107 E DESIGN: fr = 1 2π Let C1 = 0.

2 u F 0 L 1 2 0 . 1 u F C 1 0 7 R 2 4 7 k C 1 R e 2 . 0 2 u F 0 MODEL GRAPH: TABULATION: Department Of ECE 24 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: V C C = 1 2 V R 1 R c 4 7 k C o 1 0 0 k 1 0 u F C i B 0 . 2 k C e 1 0 u F C 2 CRO 0 .

Give the frequency range of Hartley and Colpitts oscillator.What is the use of RFC? 3. 2. 2.How do Hartley differ from Colpitts oscillator? 4. RESULT: Department Of ECE 25 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS S.No Unit 1.State Barkhausen criterion. Type Hartley oscillator Colpitts oscillator Amplitude Volts Time period ms VIVA: 1.

No: 3 DATE: AIM: RC PHASE SHIFT AND WIEN BRIDGE OSCILLATORS (i)To design and construct a RC phase shift oscillator circuit to generate a sine waveform. (ii) To design and construct a Wien bridge oscillator circuit to generate a sine waveform. (i) RC PHASE SHIFT OSCILLATOR Department Of ECE 26 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Ex.

Resistor Capacitor Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Components Transistor BC107 10KΩ 10µF 47µF (0-30)V Range Quantity 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: C B BC107 E Department Of ECE 27 . 4.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 7. 2. 5. 6. 8.No 1. 3.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: V C C = 1 2 V R R 1 c C o C i B C 1 0 7 1 0 u F 1 0 u F 4 7 u F C e R 2 R e CRO R 1 0 k 0 C C C 0 R 1 0 k R 1 0 k 0 DESIGN: Department Of ECE 28 .

I E = I B + IC VCE = VCC / 2 V B = V E + V BE V E = 10 % of VCC RE = R2 = RC = fo = VE IE VB . I C = 2mA . R = 10 KΩ. 10 I B R1 = VCC − R2 10 I B VCC −VCE − I E R E IC 1 2πRC 6 + 4( RC R ) MODEL GRAPH: Model Calculation Department Of ECE 29 . β = 100 . f o = 4 KHz IB = IC β .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Given VCC = 12V .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 30 .

6KΩ.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS (ii) WIEN BRIDGE OSCILLATOR APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.No Components 1. Resistor 3. Capacitor Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Range BC107 2. 4. Transistor 2.47KΩ.2KΩ.300KΩ 4.100KΩ 1nF. 10µF (0-30)V Quantity 2 1 2 2 3 1 1 2 1 PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: Department Of ECE 31 .41KΩ. 8. 5. 7. 6.

f = 1 2πRC Let R1 = R2 = R. 2 k C e 1 0 u F 0 TABULATION: Department Of ECE 32 . 6 k C 1 0 B C 1 0 7 o u 2 F C 1 n C R O R C 1 n R 2 4 1 k R e 1 4 7 k R 4 4 1 k R e 2 2 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS C B BC107 E DESIGN: f = 15 KHz . C = 1nF C1 = C 2 = C . 6 k C 1 0 B C 1 0 7 0 1 u F R 3 1 0 0 k R c 2 4 . CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: V C C = 1 2 V R R 3 0 0 k R 1 1 0 0 k R c 1 4 .

2.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS S. Type RC phase shift oscillator Wien bridge oscillator Amplitude(Volts) Time period(ms) MODEL GRAPH: Department Of ECE 33 .No 1.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 34 .

3.Why 3 RC networks in cascaded connection are in RC phase shift oscillator? 3. Switch on the dc power supply and apply 12V as bias voltage.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. Sine wave output is obtained and the readings are tabulated. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram.Why do we call Wienbridge oscillator as lead-lag circuit oscillator? 2. 4. VIVA: 1.What are the advantages & disadvantages of RC phase shift oscillator? RESULT: Department Of ECE 35 . Graph is plotted by taking time period along X-axis and voltage along Yaxis. 2.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 36 .

3 Department Of ECE 37 .NO:4 DATE: AIM: SIMULATION OF BUTTERWORTH SECOND ORDER LOW PASS FILTER To design and construct a second order Butterworth low pass filter having upper cutoff frequency 1KHz and to create a PSpice model and simulate to determine its frequency response.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS EX. SOFTWARE REQUIRED: PSPICE OrCAD 10.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS SYMBOL: Inverting I/P 2 Non-Inverting 3 I/P 4 7 + 7 4 V O O 1 O V - S U 1 6 5 1 T 2 O / P + S PIN DIAGRAM: CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: Department Of ECE 38 .

ground terminals.3 Capture click to get the component file. 6.414 for n = 2.c input signal. 5. To create the lowpass filter circuit we require Opamp(741). Select the parts one by one and place them in the work area. Select Program OrCAD 10. C = 0. Arrange the parts and make connections using wire.Vdc . 2.86 KΩ 1 2πRC Ao = 3 −α fh = Ao = 1 + Rf Ri PROCEDURE: 1. 7.capacitors and external a.resistors. Department Of ECE 39 . α = 1.1µF .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS DESIGN: f h = 1KHz . 4. Save the circuit as file. 3. R f = 5. Click Pspice before which place the voltage marker at the i/p and o/p sides. We are using Pspice evaluation package and Vdc as input source.

Give the important features of IC 741. Differentiate active filter and passive filter. 4. RESULT Department Of ECE 40 . What is the expansion of Pspice? 2. Define cut-off frequency and bandwidth. 3. Open Pspice  create Netlist to make sure that there are no wiring errors. 9. VIVA: 1. then open Pspice  click Run  click Plot  add plot to window  Cut and paste the waveforms.K. Click Pspice New simulation profile  open analysis  setup time domain analysis  change Run to time  give O. If there is no error. 10.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS 8.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Ex.No:5 DATE: AIM: SIMULATION OF DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER To design and construct a differential amplifier in both common and differential modes and create a PSpice model to simulate in both modes. SOFTWARE REQUIRED: PSPICE OrCAD 10.3 SYMBOL: C Q2 N 22 2 2 B E Department Of ECE 41 .

7V RE=[VEE .VBE)] / IE re=26mV/IE Ad=Rc/re. IE=1mA . VBE = 0. Rc=Adre CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i)Common Mode ii) Differential Mode Department Of ECE 42 . VEE= -12V Assume Ad=150 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS DESIGN: Vcc=12v .

7. The parts attributes are changed by giving double click on the label  then enter the new value.c input signal. ground terminals. 2.resistors and external a. We are using Pspice evaluation package and Vdc as input source. Select Program OrCAD 10. Department Of ECE 43 . 3. Save the circuit as file.3 Capture click on file  new  project click to get the component file. To draw the circuit we require transistors ( 2N2222).Vdc . 6. Arrange the parts and make connections using wire.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. 5. Select the parts one by one and place them in the work area. 4.

K. Open Pspice  create Netlist to make sure that there are no wiring errors.The same procedure is repeated for differential mode of operation. Define CMRR. 2. Click Pspice New simulation profile  open analysis  setup time domain analysis  change Run to time  give O. 9.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS 8. What are the ideal characteristics of differential amplifier RESULT: Department Of ECE 44 . Give some applications of differential amplifier. 3. VIVA: 1. If there is no error. Click Pspice before which place the differential voltage marker at the o/p side and voltage marker at the input side. then open Pspice  click Run  click Plot  add plot to window  Cut and paste the waveforms. 12. 11. 10.

SOFTWARE REQUIRED: PSICE OrCAD 10.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS EX.NO:6 DATE: AIM: SIMULATIONS OF ASTABLE AND MONOSTABLE MULTIVIBRATORS To create a PSpice model and to simulate Astable and Monostable multivibrators.3 PIN DIAGRAM: Department Of ECE 45 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i)Astable Multivibrator Department Of ECE 46 .

0 1 PROCEDURE: Department Of ECE 47 . 6 k G N D 2 4 5 6 7 T R I G G R E S O E UT C O N T R T H R E S D I S C H V C C R 3 T P U T O L H O L D A R G E O/P 5 5 5 D C 1 0 . 0 1 u F 0 (ii) Monostable Multivibrator V 2 5 v 0 T r i g g e r I / P R 3 1 0 k 2 4 5 6 7 X 2 VC C 8 G N D T R I G G E R3 R E SO E U T T P U T C O N T R O L T H R E S H O L D D I S C H A R G E 5 5 5 D O/P C 3 0 . 2 k 3 . 1 uC F 2 1 0 0 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS V 1 5 v X 1 E 8 0 R 1 R 2 7 . 1 u F 0 C 1 4 u F 0 0 .

7. Arrange the parts and make connections using wire.The same procedure is repeated for monostable multivibrator.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS 1.3 Capture click on file  new  project click to get the component file. 4. Click Pspice before which place the voltage marker at the input side and output side. Select Program OrCAD 10. If there is no error. Save the circuit as file. 11.K. The parts attributes are changed by giving double click on the label  then enter the new value. Vdc. 10. 5. 6. 9. Select the parts one by one and place them in the work area. 3. Click Pspice New simulation profile  open analysis  setup time domain analysis  change Run to time  give O. Open Pspice  create Netlist to make sure that there are no wiring errors. To draw the circuit we require IC 555. RESULT: Department Of ECE 48 . 12. resistors. 8. ground terminals. then open Pspice  click Run  click Plot  add plot to window  Cut and paste the waveforms. 2. We are using Pspice evaluation package and Vdc as input source. capacitors.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 49 .

2. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 5.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS EX. 7.1µ F 220µ F (0-30)V Quantity 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 Department Of ECE 50 . 6.0. 8. 3.NO: 7 DATE: AIM: TUNED CLASS C AMPLIFIER To design and construct a tuned Class C amplifier circuit and to obtain its frequency response. Components Transistor Capacitor Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Range BC107 1nF.No 1. 4.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: C B BC107 E CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: V C C = 1 0 V 2 L C 1 n F R C i 1 1 C o 0 . 1 u F B C 1 0 7 2 2 0 u F C R O F G R 2 R e C e 2 2 0 u F 0 Department Of ECE 51 .

7V VCC 2 IC = . VCE = IB β I E = I B + IC V E = 10 % of VCC V B = V BE + V E RE = VE IE I 2 = 9I B R1 = VCC − V B I1 VB .1µF . C o = 0. C i = C e = 220 µF . V BE = 0. R2 = fr = 2π LC LetC = 1nF . β = 100 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS DESIGN: Given IC = 1mA . MODEL GRAPH: Department Of ECE 52 . f r = 80 KHz . I2 1 L =? I 1 = 10 I B . VCC = 10V .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS TABULATION: Vi = S.No Unit Frequency Hz Output Voltage Volts Volts Gain = 20log(Vo/Vi) dB Department Of ECE 53 .

3. 3. 4.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. Apply 10V dc supply to the collector and base of transistors. Graphs are plotted as gain versus frequency for the tabulated readings. 5. Give some applications of tuned Class C amplifier. What is Class C operation? 2. VIVA: 1. Define tank circuit. What is the difference b/w Class C and Class D operation? RESULT: Department Of ECE 54 . 4. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. 2. For each frequency note down the corresponding O/P voltage values. Set the I/P voltage using Function generator and vary the frequency in desired range.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 55 .

5. (i) ASTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. (iii) To design and construct a bistable multivibrator with a frequency of 2 KHz and to obtain its performance curve.No 1.NO: 8 ASTABLE. 4. (ii)To design and construct a monostable multivibrator with a pulsewidth of 0. Transistor Capacitor Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Components Range BC548 1nF (0-30)V 2 2 1 1 2 1 Quantity Department Of ECE 56 . 6. MONOSTABLE AND BISTABLE MULTIVIBRATORS DATE: AIM: (i) To design and construct an astable multivibrator and to obtain its waveform.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS EX. 7. 2.1ms using transistor. 3.

38 RC PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: C B BC548 E CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: Department Of ECE 57 . I C = 5mA . f =1.3KHz .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS DESIGN: Given VCC =10V . C =1nF R C 1 = R C 2 = RC R1 = R 2 = R C1 = C 2 = C RC = VCC IC T =1.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS V C C = 1 0 V R c 1 R C 1 n 1 F 1 R 2 C 1 n 2 F R c 2 O / P V c 1 B C 5 4 8 O / P V c 2 B C 5 4 8 0 MODEL GRAPH: Department Of ECE 58 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS O/P across C1 Vc1 (V) O/P across C2 t (ms) Vc2 (V) t (ms) VB1 (V) O/P across B1 t (ms) VB2 (V) t (ms) O/P across B2 Department Of ECE 59 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. Apply 10V dc supply to the collector and base of transistors. 5. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. 3. 2. Department Of ECE 60 . 4. Graph is drawn for timeperiod versus amplitude. O/P is taken from collector and base of each transistor. Readings are noted and tabulated.

3. 4. Components Transistor Diode Capacitor Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Range SL100 1N4007 1nF (0-30)V - Quantity 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 Department Of ECE 61 . 6. 9. 7.No 1. 8.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS (ii) APPARATUS REQUIRED: MONOSTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR S. 2. 5.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: PIN CONFIGURATION: A K SYMBOL: A 1N4007 K CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: Department Of ECE 62 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

V

C

C

= 1 2 V

R

c

1 R B C C R 2 s

R

c

2

S

L 1 0 0 R 1

S

L 1 0 0 C c C d

Trigger I/P
0
D 1 I N 4 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 1 u F

R R e

d

0

DESIGN: Given

Department Of ECE

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VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

VCC = 12V , I C = 2mA , VCE = 3V , Vre = 3V , V BE = 0.7V , h fe = 100 Ri = 1.2 KΩ, f = 2 KHz , f max = 2 KHz RC 1 = RC 2 = RC Re = V re / I E I B2 = IC , h fe RC = [VCC − (VCE + Vre ) ] / I C R B = [VCC − (Vre + V BE ) ] / I B 2

R2 = [VCC − (V BE + V re ) ] 10 I B1 R1 = Vre + V BE 9 I B1 Ri 1 , CC = 1000 2πfX CC Where τ = R2 .C S (T = 1 / f ) Take T as 0.1ms

X CC = CS = ?

f max = 1 / 2τ Rd C d = T / 10 T = 0.69 R B .C C =?

Let C d = 1nF Rd = ?

MODEL GRAPH: Trigger I/P Vin (V) t(ms) O/P across C Vo (V)

t(ms)

(iii)

Department Of ECE

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VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

(iv)

BISTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR

Department Of ECE

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6. h fe = 180 . 2.No 1.C d << T Let T = 1 / f ( f = f max / 2) Let R = 1MΩ C d = ? PIN CONFIGURATION: SYMBOL: Department Of ECE 66 . 7. I C = 2mA. 8. 3. Components Transistor Diode Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Range SL100 1N4007 (0-30)V Quantity 2 3 1 1 1 2 1 DESIGN: Given VCC = 12V .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 5. VCE ( sat ) = Vre = 3V . 4. f max = 2 KHz I B = I C / h fe Re = Vre IC RC = VCC − VCE ( sat ) + Vre / I C R1 = [VCC − (Vre + V BE ) ] / 10 I B R2 = (Vre + V BE ) / 9 I B [ ( )] τ= 1 2 f max τ = RC Where R = R1 // R2 C = ? R.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS A K A 1N4007 K CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: MODEL GRAPH: Department Of ECE 67 .

Astable MV Across C2 Across B1 Across B2 2.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS TABULATION: S.Bistable MV Across C1 Across C2 Amplitude Volts Time period ms Department Of ECE 68 .No Unit Across C1 1.Monostable Trigger I/P MV O/P Trigger I/P 3.

Apply 12V dc supply to the collector and base of transistors. 4.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. 3. Readings are noted and tabulated. Set the trigger I/P voltage using Function generator. 6. O/P is taken from collector of each transistor. Graph is drawn for timeperiod versus amplitude. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. 5. 2. Department Of ECE 69 .

What is the use of speed-up capacitor? 5. What is the difference b/w blocking oscillator and oscillator? 8. RESULT: Department Of ECE 70 . What do you mean by quasi stable state? 4.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS VIVA: 1. Give some applications of bistable multivibrator. 9. 6. Give some triggering methods of monostable multivibrator. Give some applications of astable multivibrator. What is the difference b/w oscillator and multivibrator? 2. Which type of feedback is used in multivibrators? 7. Define pulse width. 3.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 71 .

Components Capacitor Diode Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Range 0.1µ F 1N4007 - Quantity 1 1 1 1 2 1 Department Of ECE 72 . (ii) To construct biased positive and negative clipper circuits and to obtain their output waveforms. 5.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS EX.NO: 9 DATE INTEGRATOR. DIFFERENTIATOR. 6. 3. 2.No 1. 4. 7. (iii) To construct and test the clamper circuit. CLIPPERS AND CLAMPERS AIM: (i) To design and construct differentiator and integrator circuits and to obtain their output waveforms. (i) INTEGRATOR & DIFFERENTIATOR APPARATUS REQUIRED: S.

1µ F PIN CONFIGURATION: A K A SYMBOL: K 1N4007 Department Of ECE 73 . T =τ.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS DESIGN: Given f =1KH .τ = RC z Let C = 0.

Graph is drawn for time period versus amplitude. Set the i/p signal with the help of function generator. 4. 5. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. Readings are noted and tabulated. 2.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. 3. Department Of ECE 74 . O/P is taken from CRO.

1uF C R O 0 (iv) Integrator With Diode Department Of ECE 75 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i) Differentiator Without Diode C 0.1uF FG 1KHz R D 1N4007 C R O 0 (iii) Integrator Without Diode R FG 1KHz C 0.1uF FG 1KHz R C R O 0 (ii) Differentiator With Diode C 0.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS R FG 1KHz 0.1uF D 1N4007 C C R O 0 MODEL GRAPH: (i) Differentiator I/P wave form O/P wave form without Diode O/P wave form with Diode (ii) Integrator I/P wave form O/P wave form without Diode Department Of ECE 76 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS O/P wave form with Diode Department Of ECE 77 .

3.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS (ii) CLIPPER APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 4. 2.5KΩ (0-30)V - Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 PROCEDURE: 1. Components Diode Resistor Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Bread Board Range 1N4007 2. 7. Department Of ECE 78 . 2. Readings are noted and tabulated. 4. O/P is taken from CRO. Set the i/p signal with the help of function generator.No 1. 8. 6. 5. 3. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS 5. Graph is drawn for timeperiod versus amplitude. PIN CONFIGURATION: A K SYMBOL: A 1N4007 K CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i)Biased positive Clipper R D 1N4007 2.5K FG 1KHz C R O 2V 0 (ii) Biased negative Clipper R 1N4007 2.5K FG 1KHz 2V D C R O 0 Department Of ECE 79 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS MODEL GRAPH: (i)Biased positive Clipper ii)Biased negative Clipper Department Of ECE 80 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 81 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS (iii) CLAMPER APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 2. Components Diode Resistor Capacitor Function Generator Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Regulated Power Supply Probe Connecting wires Range 1N4007 10KΩ 10µ F (0-30)V Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 - Department Of ECE 82 . 8.No 1. 5. 6. 7. 4. 3.

3. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram. Graph is drawn for time period versus amplitude. 4. 5. Set the i/p signal with the help of function generator. O/P is taken from CRO. 2. PIN CONFIGURATION: A CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i) Positive Clamper K SYMBOL: A 1N4007 K Department Of ECE 83 .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Bread Board - 1 PROCEDURE: 1. Readings are noted and tabulated.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS C 10uF FG 1KHz D 1N4007 R 1 0 K C R O 0 (ii) Negative Clamper C 10uF FG 1KHz 1N4007 D R 1 0 K C R O 0 MODEL GRAPH: (i)Positive Clamper Department Of ECE 84 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS (ii) Negative Clamper Department Of ECE 85 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

TABULATION: S.No Unit Without diode 1.Differentiator With diode Without diode 2.Integrator With diode + ve clipper 3.Clipper 4.Clamper - ve Clamper ve clipper + ve Clamper Amplitude Volts Timeperiod ms

VIVA: 1.If the I/P to the differentiator is cosine wave what is the O/P? 2.What do you mean by biased clipper? 3.What are the other names of clipper & clamper. 4. If the I/P to the integrator is square wave what is the O/P? 5. If the I/P to the integrator is step signal what is the O/P?

Department Of ECE

86

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

RESULT:

Department Of ECE

87

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

Ex.No:10
DATE: AIM:

Simulation of CMOS Inverter, NAND and NOR gates

To construct a CMOS inverter, NAND and NOR gates and to create their PSPICE model to simulate them. SOFTWARE REQUIRED: PSPICE OrCAD 10.3

Department Of ECE

88

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: (i) INVERTER Department Of ECE 89 .

3 V 0 M M 1 b r e a k P V o M V 1 = 0 V 2 = 3 T D = 0 T R = 1 T F = 1 P W = P E R = .VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS V 1 3 . 3 V V 2 M n s n s 1 0 0 u s 2 0 0 u s 2 b r e a k N 0 0 (ii) NAND Department Of ECE 90 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 91 .

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS (iii) NOR Department Of ECE 92 .

Vdc.3 Capture click to get the component file. Save the circuit as file. then open Pspice  click Run  click Plot  add plot to window  Cut and paste the waveforms. 10. Select Program OrCAD 10. Click Pspice before which place the voltage marker at the i/p and o/p sides. ground terminals and external a. 2.c input signal. 5. Arrange the parts and make connections using wire. If there is no error.K. 9. Select the parts one by one and place them in the work area. 4. 3. Open Pspice  create Netlist to make sure that there are no wiring errors. Click Pspice New simulation profile  open analysis  setup time domain analysis  change Run to time  give O.VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS PROCEDURE: 1. RESULT: Department Of ECE 93 . 6. 8. The same procedure is repeated for simulation of NAND and NOR gates. PMOS. 11. 7. We are using Pspice evaluation package and Vdc as input source. To create CMOS inverter circuit we require NMOS.

VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS Department Of ECE 94 .

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