# ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial_Xiaoguang Yang

1. Introduction of FEA and Abaqus
Preface: Abaqus like a large building with many rooms. It is not necessary to be familiar with all the rooms for Abaqus users. The things you should know are your target room and the way to access it. It is hoped that the two days Abaqus training can provide you the entrance and the map of the large building. 1.1 Seven Questions Q1: What is FEA? FEA is the abbreviation of Finite Element Analysis. Generally, engineering analysis can be classified into two types: Classic method and Numerical method. FEA is a numerical method for solving partial differential equation as well as integral equations generated from complex structure. It starts the analysis by dividing the interested object into a number of non-uniform regions (finite elements) that are connected to associated nodes as shown in Fig.1.

Figure 1 Discrete element For each typical element, there exit dependent variables at the nodes such as displacement. An interpolation function is defined relative to the values of the dependent variables at the nodes associated with the element. K e U e  e     F 
K e  is the elementary stiffness matrix, which is determined by geometry, material

property and element property. U e  is the elementary displacement vector, which describe the motion of nodes under force. F e  is the elementary force vector, which describe the force applied on element. The functions of all the elements are assembled into global matrix equation (governing algebraic equations) to represent the object we study as shown in Fig.2. K  F  U   

Tip: Google example using FEA. structural. It is an advanced engineering tool that is used in design as an alternative of experimental testing. . FEA is a popular method for mechanical. You still can study and use Abaqus even though you don’know t FEA theory or know a little. biomedical. In your further study. the governing algebraic equations can be solved for the dependent variable at each node. The strain and stress can be calculated based on the displacement of nodes associated with the element. Tip: In this training. civil. you can also solve your problem about Abaqus using Abaqus documentation. we will study how to use Abaqus rather than FEA. it is not necessary. For example Wheel tooth Q3: Is it necessary to know the background theory (FEA) before learning Abaqus? No. Q2: What can FEA do? At present. Tip: The theory about finite element analysis can be found in any FEA or FEM books from the University library or internet.ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial_Xiaoguang Yang Figure 2 Assembly of global matrix After applying boundary condition. and related engineering applications.

During the training. And it helps new Abaqus users be familiar with the software as soon as possible and speed up their research.bear. forced response. Q5: Can Abaqus provide the solution you need? Abaqus can provide muti-discipline solution across a number of areas such as Aerospace. you can learn the basic skills using Abaqus/CAE including modelling. submitting job and visualizing results.ac. Life sciences.com/ Q6: What is the objective of this training? Under the support of Birmingham Environment for Academic Research (BEAR) training strategy. Meanwhile. Abaqus/Explicit-is a finite element analysis product that is particularly well-suited to simulate brief transient dynamic events such as consumer electronics drop testing. training tutorial and workshops from http://www.shtml .simulia. etc. it also provides a space to know the people from Abaqus group in the University. diagnose and visualize advanced ABAQUS analysis. Consumer goods. You can also get the opportunity to attend the Abaqus forum in the campus. Tip: You can find the relevant information.shtml Q7: What kind of support can you get from University for FEA and Abaqus? You can use University’high performance cluster (bluebear) to solve your complex s Abaqus model.fea. Easy-to-use environment make it simple to learn for new users. Energy. et al. Tip: Further details to http://www. fatigue and lifetime estimation. Abaqus/Standard-employs solution technology ideal for static and low-speed dynamic events where highly accurate stress solutions are critically important. Tip: more information from http://www. the training of Abaqus & Finite Element Analysis (FEA) will be held in campus in the coming year. Automotive.bham. edit. automotive crashworthiness and ballistic impact.uk/index.ac.uk/index. meshing. et al. Architecture. Meanwhile. It can provide the solutions about stress and strain.ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial_Xiaoguang Yang Q4: What is Abaqus? Abaqus is one of the most famous FEA commercial software in the world. natural frequencies and mode shape. monitor. This training aims to encourage more students to take advantage of the University facilities. Generally. You can join in the Abaqus group held by Bluebear. the Abaqus FEA Product Suite include Abaqus/CAE-with ABAQUS/CAE you can quickly and efficiently create.bham. plastically and nonlinear material. some useful tips and sample workshops will assist you pick up Abaqus/CAE as soon as possible.

which assist the users to get a better understand of the results. As you move from module to module. et al. monitoring. and generates an output database. connected at discrete nodes.3. Postprocessing: in this step. on nodes. Solution/Analysis: in this step.2 General Finite element analysis procedure General Finite Element Analysis Procedure includes the following three steps which also construct the main framework of available FEA software.ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial_Xiaoguang Yang 1. . 1. Preprocessing: in this step. ABAQUS/CAE is divided into modules. 2. consistent interface for creating. the postprocessing provides a visualization environment for users to display the solutions in colored contours or other approaches. 3. defining the geometry. sends information to Abaqus/CAE to allow you to monitor the progress of the job. submitting. and evaluating results from Abaqus/Standard and Abaqus/Explicit simulations. you build the model from which Abaqus/CAE generates an input file that you submit to the ABAQUS/Standard or ABAQUS/Explicit analysis product. for example. and generating a mesh. defining material properties. after preprocessing of FEA. the user constructed model is divided (meshed) into a number of discrete subregions or "elements". stress. the finite element model is submitted to the solver as input in finite element code. the finite element model should be ready for being submitted to the solution. The analysis product performs the analysis. where each module defines a logical aspect of the modeling process. 1. A series of linear or nonlinear equations will be solved to generate numerical output of displacement. you use the Visualization module of ABAQUS/CAE to read the output database and view the results of your analysis The interface of Abaqus/CAE is shown in Fig.3 Interface of Abaqus/CAE Abaqus/CAE is a complete ABAQUS environment that provides a simple. In one word.. Finally. Certain boundary conditions are applied to some of the nodes in displacement or load.