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Hydraulic Design of Settling Basin


(1) Design conditions Design intake discharge per 1 (one) settling basin Qo = No. of sedimentation channels per 1 settling basin Ns = Design discharge per channel Q= Flushing discharge per channel Qs = Content of suspended load in the river water Rs = Minimum particle size to be settled dc = Content of suspended load with particle size of 0.3 mm or more Rc = Flushing interval Fi = Fall velocity of sediment particle Vg = Bed slope of channel i= Average velocity in cedimentation channel U= Thickness of sediment (= 0.2 to 0.25 m) D= (at a point where the minimum particle is settled completely) Thickness of partition wall tp = q= Wall angle of inlet transition against flow direction Width at beginning section of inlet transition Bo = Water depth at beginning section of inlet transition ho = Sill elevation at beginning section of inlet transition ELo = (2) Width of sedimentation channel b = Q / (h U) 2 2 2 0.5 and, b = {h + a Q /(k h )} - h where, = = 3.00 m 2.34 m say, m m3/s m/s = tc / (r i) 11/32 4 = 8.41 r dc / 10 3.00 m 3.004 2 1.502 1.802 0.01 0.3 50 14 0.04 1/ 0.20 0.25 0.30 12.0 1.500 2.069 29.250 m /s channels 3 m /s = Qo / 2 3 m /s = Q x 120 % % mm % days m/s 100 m/s m m deg. m m m
3

(= twice a month) (for dc = 0.3 mm) ( > 1/100)

( < 12.5 deg.)

b : width of channel (m) h : water depth above sediment h= 2.50 (at a point where the minimum particle is settled completely) Q : discharge in channel Q= 1.502 U : average velocity in cedimentation channel U= 0.20 a : velocity coefficient (= 1.0 to 1.2) a= 1.2 k = tc / (r i) = 0.0252 k : coefficient tc : critical tractive force tc = 0.000252 r : unit weight of water r= 1.0 dc : particle size to be settled dc = 0.03 i : bed slope of channel i= 1/

t/m t/m3 cm 100

(3) Width of settling basin B = Ns b + (Ns-1) tp where, B: b: Ns : tp : = 6.30 m b= Ns = tp = 3.00 m 2 channels 0.30 m

width of settling basin (m) width of channel no. of sedimentation channels thickness of partition wall

h=2.50m D=0.25m b=3.00m tp=0.30m b=3.00m B=6.30m

(4) Design of inlet transition Width at beginning section of inlet transition Bo = Water depth at beginning section of inlet transition ho = Sill elevation at beginning section of inlet transition ELo = Width at end section of inlet transition Bi = Length of transition Li = q= Wall angle of inlet transition against flow direction Water level difference between beginning and end sections Dh = 1.50 2.069 29.25 6.30 11.00 12.0 m m m m m deg.

=B = (Bi - Bo)/(2 tanq)

0.006 m

(see hydaulic calculation)

dimension

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Hydraulic elements of inlet transition Distance from beginning point (m) Width (m) Water depth (m) Flow area (m) Sill elevation (m) (5) Length of sedimentation channel (a) Length from sedimentation theory La = K h U / Vg = K Q / (b Vg) where,

0.000 1.500 2.069 3.103 29.250

0.500 1.718 1.806 3.103 29.512

1.500 2.155 1.440 3.103 29.878

3.000 2.809 1.105 3.103 30.213

5.500 3.900 0.796 3.103 30.520

8.000 4.991 0.622 3.103 30.693

11.000 6.300 0.493 3.103 30.820

25.03 m

La : length of channel (m) K : safety factor (= 1.5 to 2.0) K= 2.0 h : water depth above sediment h= 2.50 (at a point where the minimum particle is settled completely) b : width of channel b= 3.00 U : average velocity in cedimentation channel U= 0.20 Vg : Fall velocity of sediment particle Vg = 0.04 Q : discharge in channel Q= 1.502

m m m/s m/s m3/s

(b) Length from a detaching length of flow on gapped bed Lb = L1 + L2 + L3 where, = 35.00 m

La : length of channel (m) L1 : length of sediment terrace L1 = 12.80 m L2 : distance between downstream of terrace L2 = 19.40 m = 10 W' and a point where the minimum particle is settled completely L3 : excess length of channel (m) L3 = 2.80 m (about gap height at end of sedimentation channel) = h+D-h1-(L1+L2)i W : drop height at beginning section of channel W= 1.94 m W' : downstream height of sediment terrace W' = 1.94 m = W OK D : thickness of sediment D= 0.25 m (at a point where the minimum particle is settled completely) h : water depth above sediment h= 2.50 m (at a point where the minimum particle is settled completely) h1 : water depth above crest h1 = 0.49 m (at beginning section of sedimentation channel) (see hydraulic elements of inlet transition) i : bed slope of channel i= 1 / 100 We : step height at end section of channel We = 2.33 m

(c) Design length of sedimentation channel La = 25.03 m < Lb = 35.00 m say, L = Lb = 35.00 m

(6) Capacity of settling basin Qr = 86400 Q Rs Rc Fi Qv = b {W' L1 + D (L - L1) = where, Qr : Qv : Q: Rs : Fi : b: L: W: We : =


3 90.8 m 3 91.1 m 3

> Qr

OK

required capacity of settling basin (m ) design capacity of settling basin (m3) Design discharge per channel Ratio of suspended material flushing interval width of channel length of channel (m) drop height at beginning section of channel step height at end section of channel

Q= Rs = Fi = b= L= W= We =

1.502 0.01 14 3.00 35.00 1.94 2.33

m3/s % days m m m m

h1=0.49m W'=1.94m W=1.94m h=2.50m i=1/100 h=2.50m We=2.33m D=0.25m b=3.00m tp=0.30m b=3.00m B=6.30m

L1=12.80m

D=0.25m L2=19.40m L3=2.80m L=35.00 m

dimension

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Hydraulic Design of Flushing Conduit/Flume


(1) Design conditions Design discharge for flushing Number of sedimentation channels Flushing discharge per channel Width of sedimentation channel Bed slope of sedimentation channel Acceleration of gravity Qso = Ns = Qs = B= I= g= 3.605 2 1.803 3.000 1/100 9.8 m /s = Qo x 120 % nos. 3 m /s = Qso / Ns m/channel m/s
2 3

(2) Hydraulic calculation in the sedimentation channel at flushing time Critical water depth in the channel Flushing velocity where, Z : height of drop f : coefficient ( 0.6 to 0.7 ) Water depth in the channel Froude number (3) Transition and flushing conduit Length of transition Assumed width of flushing conduit Assumed b/B ratio where, B: width of sedimentation channel l = b= b/B = B= 3.00 m 1.49 m 0.498 3.00 m hc = V1 = Z= f= h1 = Fr1 = 0.333 4.149 1.940 0.6 0.145 3.481 m m/s m m = { Qs / ( g B ) } 1/2 = f { 2 g ( Z + 1.5 hc ) }
2 2 1/3

= Qs / ( B V1 ) = V1 / ( g h1 )
1/2

(supercritical flow)

(rectangular)

b/B ratio from equation below b/B = 0.498 = assumed b/B 2 2 2 2 1/2 b/B = 2{1+(2l /B) } / [2+(2l /B) [{1+8Fr1 /(1+(2l /B) )} -1]] Design width of flushing conduit Critical water depth in the conduit Water depth of shock wave Check h2/hc2 h2/hc2 = [[1+8Fr1 /{1+(2l /B) }]
2 2

OK

b= hc2 = h2 = h2/hc2 =
1/2

1.50 m 0.528 m 0.436 m 0.826 < 1


2 2 1/3

(rectangular) ={Q /(gb )} OK


2 2 1/3

-1] h1 / [2{Q /(g b )} ]

Bed slope of flushing conduit Backwater effect from the river Bed slope of flushing conduit Ic = In case, considering backwater effect from the river Velocity in the conduit V2 = Froude number in the conduit Fr2 = h3/h2 ratio h3 / h2 = Water depth in the conduit h3 = Required height of flushing conduit (4) Design dimensions of flushing flume H=

1 1/100 2.757 m/s 1.334 1.634 0.712 m 0.60 m

( 1 : not to be considered ) ( 2 : to be considered ) =I = Qs / (b h2 ) = V2 / ( g h2 )1/2

> hc2

OK

Discharge Internal width Internal height No. of barrels Freeboard Bo = Ho = No = Fbo = 1.50 1.00 1 0.25 m m bareels m (> H + Fbo) OK

(for Qo = 1.803 m3/s < 5.0 m3/s)

(5) Design dimensions of flushing gate and conduit Clear width Clear height Freeboard No. of gate/conduit bg = hg = Fbg = Ng = 1.50 1.00 0.25 2 m m (> H + Fbg) OK m (for Qo = 1.803 m3/s < 5.0 m3/s) sets/barrels

dimension

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(6) Flushing conduit/flume

(in case, considering backwater effect from the river) Qo = Vo = bo = ho = 1.803 1.69 1.50 0.712 m /s m/s m m
3

Flushing discharge Average velocity Width of flushing conduit Water depth Bed slope of flushing conduit/flume 2/3 1/2 Vo = Ko x Ro x Io 2/3 2 \ Io = {Vo / (Ko x Ro )} where, Roughness coefficient Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius

= Qs (about 1.5 m/s for coarse sand) =b = h3

= 0.00892 (= 1/112.1) Ko = Ao = Po = Ro = 35 2 1.068 m 2.924 m 0.365 m

= bo ho = bo + 2 ho = Ao / Po

dimension

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Hydraulic Design of Broad-crested Weir


(1) Design conditions Type of water measuring device Broad-crested weir with rounded entrance and downstream slope of 1:1 Shape of control Rectangular control 3 Design discharge Q= 1.502 m /s = Qo / 2 Crest elevation EL0 = 30.860 m Canal bed elevation upstream of weir EL1 = 28.530 m (end section of sedimentation channel) Canal bed elevation downstream of weir EL2 = 29.960 m (Bed EL at BP of main camal) Water level upstream of weir WL1 = 31.321 m (end section of sedimentation channel) (WL at BP of main camal + 0.05m) Water level downstream of weir WL2 = 31.140 m Width of crest b0 = 3.000 m = b1 Width of upstream canal b1 = 3.000 m = b (sedimentation channel) Width of downstream canal b2 = 3.000 m = b1 Upstream water depth above crest h1 = 0.461 m = WL1 - EL0 Downstream water depth above crest h2 = 0.280 m = WL2 - EL0 Upstream height of weir p1 = 2.330 m = EL0 - EL1 Downstream height of weir p2 = 0.900 m = EL0 - EL2 Acceleration of gravity (2) Hydraulic elements Critical water depth above crest Flow area above crest Flow area upstream of weir Flow area downstream of weir Velocity of upstream canal Velocity of downstream canal Velocity head of upstream canal Velocity head of downstream canal Upstream energy head above crest Downstream energy head above crest (3) Check to complete overflow in case, (2/3) H1 > H2 : Complete overflow in case, (2/3) H1 < H2 : Incomplete/submerged overflow (2/3) H1 = (4) Length and radius of crest L > 1.75 H1 + 0.2 H1 = 1.95 H1 R = 0.2 H1 where, = = 0.902 m 0.093 m say, say, 1.50 m 0.15 m 0.308 m > H2 = 0.289 m Complete overflow OK h0 = A* = A1 = A2 = v1 = v2 = hv1 = hv2 = H1 = H2 = 0.295 0.885 8.373 3.540 0.179 0.424 0.002 0.009 0.463 0.289 m 2 m m2 m2 m/s m/s m m m m = {Q / (g b0 )} = b0 h0 = b1 (h1 + p1) = b2 (h2 + p2) = Q / A1 = Q / A2 2 = v1 / (2 g) 2 = v2 / (2 g) = h1 + hv1 = h2 + hv2
2 2 1/3

g=

9.8 m/s

L : length of crest (m) R : radius at upstream face of crest (m) H1 : Upstream energy head above crest

H1 =

0.463 m

(5) Discharge above crest Q0 = Cd Cv (2/3) {(2/3) g}0.5 bc h11.5 where,


3 Q0 : discharge (m /s) Cd : discharge coefficient Cd = 0.93 + 0.10 (H1/L)

= >Q=

3 1.546 m /s 3 1.502 m /s

OK

(for 0.1 < H1/L <1.0) H1 / L = 0.31 Cd = 0.96 Cd A* / A1 = Cv = 0.10 1.005 (from Figure 2.3 of KP-04)

Cv : approach velocity coefficient

dimension

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Check of Hydraulic Design of Broad-crested Weir


Intake Water Level Intake Discharge (1) Design conditions Type of water measuring device Broad-crested weir with rounded entrance and downstream slope of 1:1 Shape of control Rectangular control 3 Design discharge Q= 1.802 m /s = Qs (per sedimentation channel) Crest elevation EL0 = 30.860 m Canal bed elevation upstream of weir EL1 = 28.530 m (end section of sedimentation channel) Canal bed elevation downstream of weir EL2 = 29.960 m (Bed EL at BP of main camal) Water level upstream of weir WL1 = 31.385 m (end section of sedimentation channel) Water level downstream of weir WL2 = 31.140 m (WL at BP of main camal + 0.05m) Width of crest b0 = 3.000 m = b1 Width of upstream canal b1 = 3.000 m = b (sedimentation channel) Width of downstream canal b2 = 3.000 m = b1 Upstream water depth above crest h1 = 0.525 m = WL1 - EL0 Downstream water depth above crest h2 = 0.280 m = WL2 - EL0 Upstream height of weir p1 = 2.330 m = EL0 - EL1 Downstream height of weir p2 = 0.900 m = EL0 - EL2 Acceleration of gravity (2) Hydraulic elements Critical water depth above crest Flow area above crest Flow area upstream of weir Flow area downstream of weir Velocity of upstream canal Velocity of downstream canal Velocity head of upstream canal Velocity head of downstream canal Upstream energy head above crest Downstream energy head above crest (3) Check to complete overflow in case, (2/3) H1 > H2 : Complete overflow in case, (2/3) H1 < H2 : Incomplete/submerged overflow (2/3) H1 = (4) Length and radius of crest L > 1.75 H1 + 0.2 H1 = 1.95 H1 R = 0.2 H1 where, = = 1.028 m 0.105 m say, say, 1.50 m 0.15 m 0.352 m > H2 = 0.293 m Complete overflow OK h0 = A* = A1 = A2 = v1 = v2 = hv1 = hv2 = H1 = H2 = 0.333 0.999 8.565 3.540 0.210 0.509 0.002 m m2 2 m m2 m/s m/s m = {Q / (g b0 )} = b0 h0 = b1 (h1 + p1) = b2 (h2 + p2) = Q / A1 = Q / A2 = v12 / (2 g) = v22 / (2 g) = h1 + hv1 = h2 + hv2
2 2 1/3

31.550 m 3 3.605 m /s

(Crest EL. ) (120% of required intake discharge)

g=

2 9.8 m/s

0.013 m 0.527 m 0.293 m

L : length of crest (m) R : radius at upstream face of crest (m) H1 : Upstream energy head above crest

H1 =

0.527 m

(5) Discharge above crest Q0 = Cd Cv (2/3) {(2/3) g}0.5 bc h11.5 where, Q0 : discharge (m /s) Cd : discharge coefficient Cd = 0.93 + 0.10 (H1/L)
3

= >Q=

3 1.889 m /s 3 1.802 m /s

OK

(for 0.1 < H1/L <1.0) H1 / L = 0.35 Cd = 0.97 Cd A* / A1 = Cv = 0.11 1.006 (from Figure 2.3 of KP-04)

Cv : approach velocity coefficient

dimension

Hydrauric Design Statement of Lanang Intake (between Inlet and End Section of Settling Basin)
Intake Water Level Intake Discharge 31.450 m 3 3.004 m /s (Crest EL. 31.550 m - 0.10 m) (100% of required intake discharge) Water Bed Depth Elevation d (m) BL (m) 6.095 2.144 2.110 2.110 2.104 2.104 2.104 2.069 0.493 0.482 2.440 2.791 25.355 hl0 = hi 31.439 0.033 3.004 0.00 3.00 Conduit (Free flow) 4 Outlet of Conduit 5 Transition 5' 16.60 72.60 3.004 11.00 3.004 2.00 3.004 0.00 3.004 35.00 3.004 0.000 31.323 0.179 0.002 31.321 28.530 30.860 (Crest elevation) 0.035 31.323 0.205 0.002 31.320 28.880 hl10 = hf10 0.003 31.358 1.039 0.055 31.302 30.820 hl9 = hse 0.006 31.361 0.967 0.048 31.313 30.820 hl8 = hsc + hf8 Outlet Flume 6 B.P. of Settling Basin 89.20 Inlet Transition 7 100.20 Inlet Crest 8 102.20 Drop at Beginning Sect. 9 102.20 Sedimentation Channel 10 137.20 (Broad crested weir) 16.60 0.00 3.004 0.033 31.367 0.968 0.048 31.319 29.250 hl7 = hge + hf7 16.60 0.00 3.004 0.000 31.400 0.952 0.046 31.354 29.250 hl6 = hf6 13.60 3.004 0.000 31.400 0.952 0.046 31.354 29.250 hl5' = hgc + hf5' 3.004 0.006 31.400 0.952 0.046 31.354 29.250 hl5 = hse 0.000 31.406 0.949 0.046 31.360 29.250 hl4 = hf4 31.406 0.949 0.046 31.360 29.250 hl2 = hsc 0.934 0.045 31.394 29.250 hl1 = hf2 + ht

Structure River 0 Inlet 1 Inlet Flume 2 Inlet of Conduit 3

Energy Energy Velocity Water Station Distance Discharge Loss Line EL. Velocity Head Level 3 L (m) Q (m /s) hl (m) EH (m) V (m/s) Vh (m) WL (m) 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 3.00 3.004 3.004 0.011 31.450 0.000 0.000 31.450

Remarks

Total

137.20 m

0.127 m

SDWL =

0.129 m

Water Level at Upstream of Broad-crested Weir 31.450 -0.129 = 31.321 m

Hydrauric Design Statement of Lanang Intake (between Inlet and End Section of Settling Basin)
Intake Water Level Intake Discharge 31.550 m 3 3.605 m /s (Crest EL. ) (120% of required intake discharge) Water Bed Depth Elevation d (m) BL (m) 6.195 2.225 2.180 2.180 2.171 2.171 2.171 2.123 0.555 0.543 2.504 2.855 25.355 hl0 = hi 31.535 0.043 3.605 0.00 3.00 Conduit (Free flow) 4 Outlet of Conduit 5 Transition 5' 16.60 72.60 3.605 11.00 3.605 2.00 3.605 0.00 3.605 35.00 3.605 0.000 31.389 0.210 0.002 31.385 28.530 30.860 (Crest elevation) 0.038 31.389 0.240 0.003 31.384 28.880 hl10 = hf10 0.003 31.427 1.106 0.062 31.363 30.820 hl9 = hse 0.009 31.430 1.031 0.054 31.375 30.820 hl8 = hsc + hf8 Outlet Flume 6 B.P. of Settling Basin 89.20 Inlet Transition 7 100.20 Inlet Crest 8 102.20 Drop at Beginning Sect. 9 102.20 Sedimentation Channel 10 137.20 (Broad crested weir) 16.60 0.00 3.605 0.045 31.439 1.132 0.065 31.373 29.250 hl7 = hge + hf7 16.60 0.00 3.605 0.000 31.484 1.107 0.063 31.421 29.250 hl6 = hf6 13.60 3.605 0.000 31.484 1.107 0.063 31.421 29.250 hl5' = hgc + hf5' 3.605 0.008 31.484 1.107 0.063 31.421 29.250 hl5 = hse 0.000 31.492 1.102 0.062 31.430 29.250 hl4 = hf4 31.492 1.102 0.062 31.430 29.250 hl2 = hsc 1.080 0.060 31.475 29.250 hl1 = hf2 + ht

Structure River 0 Inlet 1 Inlet Flume 2 Inlet of Conduit 3

Energy Energy Velocity Water Station Distance Discharge Loss Line EL. Velocity Head Level 3 L (m) Q (m /s) hl (m) EH (m) V (m/s) Vh (m) WL (m) 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 3.00 3.605 3.605 0.015 31.550 0.000 0.000 31.550

Remarks

Total

137.20 m

0.161 m

SDWL =

0.165 m

Water Level at Upstream of Broad-crested Weir 31.550 -0.165 = 31.385 m

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Hydraulic Calculation of Lanang Intake


Intake Water Level Intake Discharge 1. Design Conditions and Input Data 31.450 m (Crest EL. 31.550 m - 0.10 m) 3 3.004 m /s (100% of required intake discharge)

(1) Design discharge and no. of channels per one (1) settling basin Design intake discharge Design discharge per inlet flume channel or conduit barrel Design discharge per outlet flume channel Design discharge per sedimentation channel Design discharge per approach flume channel No. of inlet flume channel or conduit barrels No. of outlet flume channels No. of sedimentation channels No. of approach flume channels Q Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 N1 N2 N3 N4 = = = = = = = = = 3.004 3.004 3.004 1.502 3.004 1 1 2 1 m3/s m3/s/channel m3/s/barrel m3/s/channel m3/s/channel nos. nos. nos. nos.

(2) Hydraulic conditions at beginning section (river) Water level in the river NWL Bed elevation in the river Water depth in the river Velocity Roughness coefficient WL0 EL0 h0 V0 n=1/K K g = = = = = = = 31.450 25.355 6.095 0.000 0.015 65 9.8 m m m m/s = (Crest EL. 31.550 m - 0.10 m)

(Concrete) m/s2

- Acceleration of gravity

(3) Dimensions in each section Structure Bed EL. (m) Width (m) 1.500 1.500 2.770 ) 1.500 1.500 1.500 1.500 1.500 6.300 3.000 3.000 3.000 1.940 ) 3.000 2.330 ) 3.000 Length (m) 0.000 3.000 0.000 13.600 0.000 0.000 72.600 11.000 0.000 2.000 0.000 35.000 Nos. Thickness of No. of Bed slope partition wall (m) artition wall p 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.300 0.300 0.300 0.300 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1

Inlet flume 1 Beginning section 29.250 2 End section 29.250 Conduit (free flow) (Clear height 3 Beginning section 29.250 4 End section 29.250 Outlet flume 5 Beginning section 29.250 5' Transition 29.250 6 End section 29.250 Settling basin 7 Inlet transition (E.P.) 30.820 7' Inlet crest (B.P.) 30.820 8 Inlet crest (E.P.) 30.820 9 Drop at beginning section 28.880 (Gap height 10 End section of 28.530 sedimentation channel (Gap height (Broad crested weir) 30.860

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2

Level

Level

Level Level Reverse Level

0.010000

0.000

0.300

hydro-calc Q100%

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(4) Head loss factor (a) Head loss coefficient at inlet Shape of inlet square edge edge cut circular round squared round bell-mouth Coefficient fi 0.5 0.25 0.1 0.2 0.01 - 0.05 Shape of inlet : edge cut fi = 0.25

(b) Head loss factor at trashrack Item Height of trash Unit weight of wetted trash Thickness of bar Clear space between bars Inclined angle of trash rack

a ga t b q

= min. (0.1h or 0.25m) h: upstream water depth 3 = 200 kg/m = 0.01 m = 0.150 m = 90 deg.

(c) Head loss coefficient at open transition Changing condition of open transition formation rectangular to rectangular trapezoidal to trapezoidal rectangular to circular with fillet trapezoidal to rectangular with twisted wall trapezoidal to circular with twisted wall trapezoidal to rectangular with bended wall trapezoidal to circular with bended wall Transition at B.P. of outlet flume Gradual contraction coefficient fgc 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.40 Gradual enlargement coefficient fge 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.70

Formation of open transition : Rectangular to rectangular fgc = 0.10 Formation of open transition : Rectangular to rectangular fge = 0.20 Formation of open transition : Rectangular to rectangular fgc = 0.10

Inlet transition of settling basin

Outlet transition of settling basin

hydro-calc Q100%

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2. Inlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per inlet channel - No. of inlet channels Q = Q1 = N1 =
3 3.004 m /s 3 3.004 m /s/channel 1 nos.

(2) Hydraulic conditions at beginning section (river) Water level Base elevation Water depth Velocity Velocity head WL0 EL0 h0 V0 V02/ 2g = = = = = 31.450 25.355 6.095 0.000 0.000 m m m m/s m

(3) Change of water level due to inflow Dhi = hi + ( V12 / 2g - V02 / 2g ) hi = fi ( V12 / 2g - V02 / 2g ) where, hi : Head loss due to inflow fi : Head loss coefficient at inlet (a) Assumed Dhi

fi = 0.25 Dhi =

(for edge cut)

0.056 m

(b) Beginning section of inlet flume (after inflow) Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL1 b1 h1 A1 P1 R1 V1 V12/ 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.144 3.216 5.788 0.556 0.934 0.045 m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL0 - EL1 - Dhi N1 (b1 h1) N1 (b1 + 2h1) A 1 / P1 Q / A1

(c) Calculation of hi and Dhi \

hi = Dhi =

0.011 m 0.056 m = Assumed Dhi OK

(4) Water level at beginning section of inlet flume (after inflow) WL1 = (5) Length and bed slope of inlet flume - Length - Bed slope (6) Change of water level due to friction Dhf2 = hf2 + ( V22 / 2g - V12 / 2g ) hf2 = ( n Vm2 / Rm22/3 )2 L2 where, hf2 : Head loss due to friction Vm2 : Mean velocity Rm2 : Mean hydraulic radius L2 = I2 = 3.000 m Level 31.394 m = WL0 - Dhi

Vm2 = ( V1 + V2 ) / 2 Rm2 = ( R1 + R2 ) / 2

hydro-calc Q100%

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(a) Assumed Dhf2 (b) upstream section of trashrack Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head

Dhf2 =

0.001 m

EL2 b2 h2 A2 P2 R2 V2 2 V2 / 2g

= = = = = = = =

29.250 1.500 2.143 3.215 5.786 0.556 0.934 0.045

m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL1 - EL2 - Dhf2 N1 (b2 h2) N1 (b2 + 2h2) A 2 / P2 Q / A1

(c) Calculation of Dhf2

Vm2 = Rm2 = hf2 = \ Dhf2 =

0.934 m/s 0.556 m 0.001 m 0.001 m = Assumed Dhf2 OK

(7) Water level at upstream section of trashrack WL2 = (8) Change of water level due to trashrack Dht = ht + ( V2'2 / 2g - V22 / 2g ) where, ht : Head loss due to trashrack (a) Head loss due to trashrack Water depth (u/s of trash rack) Velocity Velocity head Height of trash Unit weight of wetted trash Thickness of bar Clear space between bars Inclined angle of trash rack Head loss due to trashrack (b) Assumed Dht (c) Downstream section of trashrack Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL2' b2' h2' A2' P2 ' R2' V2' V2'2/ 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.110 3.165 5.720 0.553 0.949 0.046 m m m m m m m/s m = = = = = = = EL2 b2 WL2 - EL2' - Dht N1 (b2' h2') N1 (b2' + 2h2') A 2 ' / P2 ' Q / A2 ' h2 V2 V22/ 2g a ga t b q = = = = = = = = 2.143 0.935 0.045 0.200 200 0.01 0.150 90 m m/s = Q / {N1 (h2 b2)} m m = min. (0.1h2 or 0.25m) 3 kg/m m m deg. ht = 6.69 sinq (t/b)4/3 exp(0.074 ga a/h2) V22/ 2g 31.393 m = WL1 - Dhf2

ht = Dht =

0.032 m 0.033 m

(d) Calculation of Dht

Dht =

0.033 m

= Assumed Dht

OK

(9) Water level at downstream section of trashrack WL2' = 31.360 m = WL2 - Dht

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3. Conduit (Free flow) (1) Design discharge and no. of barrels - Design discharge - Design discharge per conduit barrels - No. of conduit barrels Q = Q1 = N1 =
3 3.004 m /s 3 3.004 m /s/barrel 1 nos.

(2) Change of water level due to sudden contraction Dhsc = hsc + ( V32 / 2g - V2' 2 / 2g ) hsc = fsc V32/ 2g where, hsc : Head loss due to sudden contraction fsc : Head loss coefficient of sudden contraction (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhsc (b) Before contraction Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b2' h2' A2' P2 ' R2' V2' 2 V2' / 2g = = = = = = = 1.500 2.110 3.165 5.720 0.553 0.949 0.046 m m m m m m/s m Dhsc = 0.000 m

A3 / A2 ' 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

fsc 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.41 0.36 0.29 0.21 0.13 0.07 0.01 0.00

(c) After contraction Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL3 b3 h3 A3 P3 R3 V3 2 V3 / 2g A3 / A2 ' fsc hsc Dhsc \ = = = = = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.110 3.165 5.720 0.553 0.949 0.046 m m m m m m m/s m

Clear height hi= 2.770 m = WL2' - EL2' - Dhsc = N1 (b3 h3) = N1 (b3 + 2h3) = A 3 / P3 = Q / A3

(d) Calculation of Dhsc

1.00 0.00 0.000 m 0.000 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhsc OK

(3) Water level at beginning section of conduit WL3 = (4) Length and bed slope of conduit - Length - Bed slope L4 = I4 = 13.600 m Level 31.360 m = WL2' - Dhsc

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(5) Change of water level due to friction Dhf4 = hf4 + ( V42 / 2g - V32 / 2g ) hf4 = ( n Vm4 / Rm42/3 )2 L4 where, hf4 : Head loss due to friction Vm4 : Mean velocity Rm4 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf4 (b) Beginning section of conduit Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL3 b3 h3 A3 P3 R3 V3 2 V3 / 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.110 3.165 5.720 0.553 0.949 0.046 m m m m m m m/s m

Vm4 = ( V3 + V4 ) / 2 Rm4 = ( R3 + R4 ) / 2 Dhf4 = 0.006 m

(c) End sections of conduit Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL4 b4 h4 A4 P4 R4 V4 2 V4 / 2g Vm4 Rm4 hf4 Dhf4 = = = = = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.104 3.156 5.708 0.553 0.952 0.046 0.951 0.553 0.006 0.006 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m

= = = = =

WL3 - EL4 - Dhf4 N1 (b4 h4) N1 (b4 + 2h4) A 4 / P4 Q / A4

(d) Calculation of Dhf4 \ (6) Water level at end section of conduit

= Assumed Dhf2

OK

WL4 =

31.354 m

= WL3 - Dhf4

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4. Beginning Section of Outlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels Design discharge Design discharge per conduit barrel Design discharge per flume channel No. of conduit barrels No. of flume channels Q Q1 Q2 N1 N2 = = = = = 3.004 3.004 3.004 1 1 m3/s m3/s/barrel m3/s/channel nos. nos. A4 / A5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 fse 1.00 0.81 0.64 0.49 0.36 0.25 0.16 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.00

(2) Change of water level due to sudden enlargement Dhse = hse + ( V52 / 2g - V42 / 2g ) hse = fse V4 2/ 2g where, hse : Head loss due to sudden enlargement fse : Head loss coefficient of sudden enlargement (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhse (b) Before enlargement Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b4 h4 A4 P4 R4 V4 V42/ 2g = = = = = = = 1.500 2.104 3.156 5.708 0.553 0.952 0.046 m m m m m m/s m Dhse = 0.000 m

(c) After enlargement Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL5 b5 h5 A5 P5 R5 V5 2 V5 / 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.104 3.156 5.708 0.553 0.952 0.046 m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL4 - EL5 - Dhse N2 (b5 h5) N2 (b5 + 2h5) A 5 / P5 Q / A5

(d) Calculation of Dhse

A4 / A5 = fse = hse = \ Dhse =

1.00 0.00 0.000 m 0.000 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhse

OK

(3) Water level at beginning section of outlet flume WL5 = 31.354 m = WL4 - Dhse

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5. Transition at Beginning Section of Outlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per flume channel - No. of flume channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope L5' = I5' = 0.000 m Level Q = Q2 = N2 =
3 3.004 m /s 3 3.004 m /s/channel 1 nos.

(3) Change of water level due to gradual contraction Dhgc = hgc + hf5' + ( V5'2 / 2g - V52 / 2g ) hgc = fgc ( V5'2 / 2g - V52 / 2g ) hf5' = ( n Vm5' / Rm5'2/3 )2 L5' where, hgc : Head loss due to gradual contraction hf5' : Head loss due to friction Vm5' : Mean velocity Vm5' = ( V5 + V5' ) / 2 Rm5' : Mean hydraulic radius Rm5' = ( R5 + R5' ) / 2 fgc : Head loss coefficient of gradual contraction fgc = 0.10 (for Rectangular to rectangular) (a) Assumed Dhgc (b) End section of inlet transition Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL5' b5' h5' A5' P5 ' R5' V5' V5'2/ 2g Vm5' Rm5' hf5' hgc \ (4) Water level at end section of inlet transition WL5' = 31.354 m = WL5 - Dhgc = = = = = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.104 3.156 5.708 0.553 0.952 0.046 0.952 0.553 0.000 0.000 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m = Assumed Dhgc OK Dhgc = 0.000 m

= = = = =

WL5 - EL5' - Dhgc N2 (b5' h5') N2 (b5' + 2h5') A 5 ' / P5 ' Q / A5'

(c) Calculation of Dhgc

Dhgc =

0.000 m

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6. End Section of Outlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per flume channel - No. of flume channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope (3) Change of water level due to friction Dhf6 = hf6 + ( V62 / 2g - V5'2 / 2g ) hf6 = ( n Vm6 / Rm62/3 )2 L6 where, hf6 : Head loss due to friction Vm6 : Mean velocity Rm6 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf6 (b) End section of outlet flume Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL6 b6 h6 A6 P6 R6 V6 V62/ 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.069 3.103 5.638 0.550 0.968 0.048 m m m m m m m/s m L6 = I6 = 72.600 m Level Q = Q2 = N2 =
3 3.004 m /s 3 3.004 m /s/channel 1 nos.

Vm6 = ( V5' + V6 ) / 2 Rm6 = ( R5' + R6 ) / 2 Dhf6 = 0.035 m

= = = = =

WL5' - EL6 - Dhf6 N2 (b6 h6) N2 (b6 + 2h6) A 6 / P6 Q / A6

(c) Calculation of Dhf6

Vm6 = Rm6 = hf6 = \ Dhf6 =

0.960 m/s 0.552 m 0.033 m 0.035 m = Assumed Dhf6 OK

(4) Water level at end section of outlet flume (BP of settling basin) WL6 = 31.319 m

= WL5' - Dhf6

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7. Inlet Transition of Settling Basin (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per flume channel - No. of flume channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope L7 = I7 = 11.000 m Reverse Q = Q2 = N2 =
3 3.004 m /s 3 3.004 m /s/channel 1 nos.

(3) Change of water level due to gradual enlargement Dhge = hge + hf7 + ( V72 / 2g - V62 / 2g ) hge = fge ( V62 / 2g - V72 / 2g ) hf7 = ( n Vm7 / Rm72/3 )2 L7 where, hge : Head loss due to gradual enlargement hf7 : Head loss due to friction Vm7 : Mean velocity Vm7 = ( V6 + V7 ) / 2 Rm7 : Mean hydraulic radius Rm7 = ( R6 + R7 ) / 2 fge : Head loss coefficient of gradual enlargement fge = 0.20 (for Rectangular to rectangular) (a) Assumed Dhge (b) End section of inlet transition Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL7 b7 h7 A7 P7 R7 V7 V72/ 2g Vm7 Rm7 hf7 hge \ (4) Water level at end section of inlet transition WL7 = 31.313 m = WL6 - Dhge = = = = = = = = = = = = 30.820 6.300 0.493 3.106 7.286 0.426 0.967 0.048 0.968 0.488 0.006 0.000 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m = Assumed Dhge OK Dhge = 0.006 m

= = = = =

WL6 - EL7 - Dhge N2 (b7 h7) N2 (b7 + 2h7) A 7 / P7 Q / A7

(c) Calculation of Dhge

Dhge =

0.006 m

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8. Inlet Crest (1) Design discharge and no. of channels Design discharge Design discharge per flume channel Design discharge per crest channel No. of flume channels No. of inlet crest channels Q Q2 Q3 N2 N3 = = = = = 3.004 3.004 1.502 1 2 m3/s m3/s/channel m3/s/channel nos. nos. A7' / A 7 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 fsc 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.41 0.36 0.29 0.21 0.13 0.07 0.01 0.00

(2) Change of water level due to sudden contraction Dhsc = hsc + ( V7'2 / 2g - V7 2 / 2g ) hsc = fsc V7'2/ 2g where, hsc : Head loss due to sudden contraction fsc : Head loss coefficient of sudden contraction (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhsc (b) Before contraction Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b7 h7 A7 P7 R7 V7 V72/ 2g = = = = = = = 6.300 0.493 3.106 7.286 0.426 0.967 0.048 m m m m m m/s m Dhsc = 0.008 m

(c) After contraction Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL7' b7' h7' A7' P7 ' R7' V7' 2 V7' / 2g A7 ' / A7 fsc hsc Dhsc \ = = = = = = = = = = = = 30.820 3.000 0.485 2.910 7.940 0.366 1.032 0.054 m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL7 - EL7' - Dhsc N3 (b7' h7') N3 (b7' + 2h7') A 7 ' / P7 ' Q / A7 '

(d) Calculation of Dhsc

0.94 0.01 0.001 m 0.008 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhsc OK

(3) Water level at beginning section of inlet crest WL7' = (4) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope L8 = I8 = 2.000 m Level 31.305 m = WL7 - Dhsc

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(5) Change of water level due to friction Dhf8 = hf8 + ( V82 / 2g - V7'2 / 2g ) hf8 = ( n Vm8 / Rm82/3 )2 L8 where, hf8 : Head loss due to friction Vm8 : Mean velocity Rm8 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf8 (b) Beginning section of inlet crest Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL7' b7' h7' A7' P7 ' R7' V7' 2 V7' / 2g = = = = = = = = 30.820 3.000 0.485 2.910 7.940 0.366 1.032 0.054 m m m m m m m/s m

Vm8 = ( V7' + V8 ) / 2 Rm8 = ( R7' + R8 ) / 2 Dhf8 = 0.003 m

(c) End sections of inlet crest Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL8 b8 h8 A8 P8 R8 V8 2 V8 / 2g Vm8 Rm8 hf8 Dhf8 = = = = = = = = = = = = 30.820 3.000 0.482 2.892 7.928 0.365 1.039 0.055 1.036 0.366 0.002 0.003 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m

= = = = =

WL7' - EL8 - Dhf8 N3 (b8 h8) N3 (b8 + 2h8) A 8 / P8 Q / A8

(d) Calculation of Dhf8 \ (6) Water level at end section of inlet crest

= Assumed Dhf8

OK

WL8 =

31.302 m

= WL7' - Dhf8

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9. Drop at Beginning Section of Sedimentation Channel (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per channel - No. of sedimentation channels (2) Height and length of drop - Height of drop - Length of drop W = L9 = 1.940 m 0.000 m A8 / A9 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 fse 1.00 0.81 0.64 0.49 0.36 0.25 0.16 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.00 Q = Q3 = N3 =
3 3.004 m /s 3 1.502 m /s/channel 2 nos.

(3) Change of water level due to sudden enlargement Dhse = hse + ( V92 / 2g - V82 / 2g ) hse = fse V8 2/ 2g where, hse : Head loss due to sudden enlargement fse : Head loss coefficient of sudden enlargement (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhse (b) Before enlargement Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b8 h8 A8 P8 R8 V8 V82/ 2g = = = = = = = 3.000 0.482 2.892 7.928 0.365 1.039 0.055 m m m m m m/s m Dhse = -0.018 m (rising)

(c) After enlargement Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL9 b9 h9 A9 P9 R9 V9 V92/ 2g = = = = = = = = 28.880 3.000 2.440 14.640 15.760 0.929 0.205 0.002 m m m m m m m/s m = EL8 - W = = = = = WL8 - EL9 - Dhse N3 (b9 h9) N3 (b9 + 2h9) A 9 / P9 Q / A9

(d) Calculation of Dhse

A8 / A9 = fse = hse = \ Dhse =

0.20 0.64 0.035 m -0.018 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhse

OK

(4) Water level at beginning section of sedimentation channel WL9 = 31.320 m = WL8 - Dhse

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10. Sedimentation Channel (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per channel - No. of sedimentation channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope (3) Change of water level due to friction Dhf10 = hf10 + ( V102 / 2g - V92 / 2g ) hf10 = ( n Vm10 / Rm102/3 )2 L10 where, hf10 : Head loss due to friction Vm10 : Mean velocity Rm10 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf10 (b) End section of sedimentation channel Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL10 b10 h10 A10 P10 R10 V10 V102/ 2g = = = = = = = = 28.530 3.000 2.791 16.746 17.164 0.976 0.179 0.002 m m m m m m m/s m = EL9 - I10 L10 = = = = = WL9 - EL10 - Dhf10 N3 (b10 h10) N3 (b10 + 2h10) A10 / P10 Q / A10 L10 = 35.000 m I10 = 0.010000 Q = Q3 = N3 =
3 3.004 m /s 3 1.502 m /s/channel 2 nos.

= 1/100

Vm10 = ( V9 + V10 ) / 2 Rm10 = ( R9 + R10 ) / 2 Dhf10 = -0.001 m (rising)

(c) Calculation of Dhf10

Vm10 = Rm10 = hf10 = \ Dhf10 =

0.192 m/s 0.953 m 0.000 m -0.001 m = Assumed Dhf10 OK

(4) Water level at end section of sedimentation channel WL10 = 31.321 m = WL9 - Dhf10

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Hydraulic Calculation of Lanang Intake


Intake Water Level Intake Discharge 1. Design Conditions and Input Data 31.550 m (Crest EL. ) 3 3.605 m /s (120% of required intake discharge)

(1) Design discharge and no. of channels per one (1) settling basin Design intake discharge Design discharge per inlet flume channel or conduit barrel Design discharge per outlet flume channel Design discharge per sedimentation channel Design discharge per approach flume channel No. of inlet flume channel or conduit barrels No. of outlet flume channels No. of sedimentation channels No. of approach flume channels Qs Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 N1 N2 N3 N4 = = = = = = = = = 3.605 3.605 3.605 1.802 3.605 1 1 2 1 m3/s m3/s/channel m3/s/barrel m3/s/channel m3/s/channel nos. nos. nos. nos.

(2) Hydraulic conditions at beginning section (river) Water level in the river NWL Bed elevation in the river Water depth in the river Velocity Roughness coefficient WL0 EL0 h0 V0 n=1/K K g = = = = = = = 31.550 25.355 6.195 0.000 0.015 65 9.8 m m m m/s = (Crest EL.)

(Concrete) m/s2

- Acceleration of gravity

(3) Dimensions in each section Structure Bed EL. (m) Width (m) 1.500 1.500 2.770 ) 1.500 1.500 1.500 1.500 1.500 6.300 3.000 3.000 3.000 1.940 ) 3.000 2.330 ) 3.000 Length (m) 0.000 3.000 0.000 13.600 0.000 0.000 72.600 11.000 0.000 2.000 0.000 35.000 Nos. Thickness of No. of Bed slope partition wall (m) artition wall p 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.300 0.300 0.300 0.300 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1

Inlet flume 1 Beginning section 29.250 2 End section 29.250 Conduit (free flow) (Clear height 3 Beginning section 29.250 4 End section 29.250 Outlet flume 5 Beginning section 29.250 5' Transition 29.250 6 End section 29.250 Settling basin 7 Inlet transition (E.P.) 30.820 7' Inlet crest (B.P.) 30.820 8 Inlet crest (E.P.) 30.820 9 Drop at beginning section 28.880 (Gap height 10 End section of 28.530 sedimentation channel (Gap height (Broad crested weir) 30.860

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2

Level

Level

Level Level Reverse Level

0.010000

0.000

0.300

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(4) Head loss factor (a) Head loss coefficient at inlet Shape of inlet square edge edge cut circular round squared round bell-mouth Coefficient fi 0.5 0.25 0.1 0.2 0.01 - 0.05 Shape of inlet : edge cut fi = 0.25

(b) Head loss factor at trashrack Item Height of trash Unit weight of wetted trash Thickness of bar Clear space between bars Inclined angle of trash rack

a ga t b q

= min. (0.1h or 0.25m) h: upstream water depth 3 = 200 kg/m = 0.01 m = 0.150 m = 90 deg.

(c) Head loss coefficient at open transition Changing condition of open transition formation rectangular to rectangular trapezoidal to trapezoidal rectangular to circular with fillet trapezoidal to rectangular with twisted wall trapezoidal to circular with twisted wall trapezoidal to rectangular with bended wall trapezoidal to circular with bended wall Transition at B.P. of outlet flume Gradual contraction coefficient fgc 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.40 Gradual enlargement coefficient fge 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.70

Formation of open transition : Rectangular to rectangular fgc = 0.10 Formation of open transition : Rectangular to rectangular fge = 0.20 Formation of open transition : Rectangular to rectangular fgc = 0.10

Inlet transition of settling basin

Outlet transition of settling basin

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2. Inlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per inlet channel - No. of inlet channels Q = Q1 = N1 =
3 3.605 m /s 3 3.605 m /s/channel 1 nos.

(2) Hydraulic conditions at beginning section (river) Water level Base elevation Water depth Velocity Velocity head WL0 EL0 h0 V0 V02/ 2g = = = = = 31.550 25.355 6.195 0.000 0.000 m m m m/s m

(3) Change of water level due to inflow Dhi = hi + ( V12 / 2g - V02 / 2g ) hi = fi ( V12 / 2g - V02 / 2g ) where, hi : Head loss due to inflow fi : Head loss coefficient at inlet (a) Assumed Dhi

fi = 0.25 Dhi =

(for edge cut)

0.075 m

(b) Beginning section of inlet flume (after inflow) Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL1 b1 h1 A1 P1 R1 V1 V12/ 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.225 3.338 5.950 0.561 1.080 0.060 m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL0 - EL1 - Dhi N1 (b1 h1) N1 (b1 + 2h1) A 1 / P1 Q / A1

(c) Calculation of hi and Dhi \

hi = Dhi =

0.015 m 0.075 m = Assumed Dhi OK

(4) Water level at beginning section of inlet flume (after inflow) WL1 = (5) Length and bed slope of inlet flume - Length - Bed slope (6) Change of water level due to friction Dhf2 = hf2 + ( V22 / 2g - V12 / 2g ) hf2 = ( n Vm2 / Rm22/3 )2 L2 where, hf2 : Head loss due to friction Vm2 : Mean velocity Rm2 : Mean hydraulic radius L2 = I2 = 3.000 m Level 31.475 m = WL0 - Dhi

Vm2 = ( V1 + V2 ) / 2 Rm2 = ( R1 + R2 ) / 2

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(a) Assumed Dhf2 (b) upstream section of trashrack Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head

Dhf2 =

0.002 m

EL2 b2 h2 A2 P2 R2 V2 2 V2 / 2g

= = = = = = = =

29.250 1.500 2.223 3.335 5.946 0.561 1.081 0.060

m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL1 - EL2 - Dhf2 N1 (b2 h2) N1 (b2 + 2h2) A 2 / P2 Q / A1

(c) Calculation of Dhf2

Vm2 = Rm2 = hf2 = \ Dhf2 =

1.081 m/s 0.561 m 0.002 m 0.002 m = Assumed Dhf2 OK

(7) Water level at upstream section of trashrack WL2 = (8) Change of water level due to trashrack Dht = ht + ( V2'2 / 2g - V22 / 2g ) where, ht : Head loss due to trashrack (a) Head loss due to trashrack Water depth (u/s of trash rack) Velocity Velocity head Height of trash Unit weight of wetted trash Thickness of bar Clear space between bars Inclined angle of trash rack Head loss due to trashrack (b) Assumed Dht (c) Downstream section of trashrack Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL2' b2' h2' A2' P2 ' R2' V2' V2'2/ 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.180 3.270 5.860 0.558 1.102 0.062 m m m m m m m/s m = = = = = = = EL2 b2 WL2 - EL2' - Dht N1 (b2' h2') N1 (b2' + 2h2') A 2 ' / P2 ' Q / A2 ' h2 V2 V22/ 2g a ga t b q = = = = = = = = 2.223 1.081 0.060 0.200 200 0.01 0.150 90 m m/s = Q / {N1 (h2 b2)} m m = min. (0.1h2 or 0.25m) kg/m3 m m deg. ht = 6.69 sinq (t/b)4/3 exp(0.074 ga a/h2) V22/ 2g 31.473 m = WL1 - Dhf2

ht = Dht =

0.041 m 0.043 m

(d) Calculation of Dht

Dht =

0.043 m

= Assumed Dht

OK

(9) Water level at downstream section of trashrack WL2' = 31.430 m = WL2 - Dht

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3. Conduit (Free flow) (1) Design discharge and no. of barrels - Design discharge - Design discharge per conduit barrels - No. of conduit barrels Q = Q1 = N1 =
3 3.605 m /s 3 3.605 m /s/barrel 1 nos.

(2) Change of water level due to sudden contraction Dhsc = hsc + ( V32 / 2g - V2' 2 / 2g ) hsc = fsc V32/ 2g where, hsc : Head loss due to sudden contraction fsc : Head loss coefficient of sudden contraction (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhsc (b) Before contraction Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b2' h2' A2' P2 ' R2' V2' 2 V2' / 2g = = = = = = = 1.500 2.180 3.270 5.860 0.558 1.102 0.062 m m m m m m/s m Dhsc = 0.000 m

A3 / A2 ' 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

fsc 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.41 0.36 0.29 0.21 0.13 0.07 0.01 0.00

(c) After contraction Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL3 b3 h3 A3 P3 R3 V3 2 V3 / 2g A3 / A2 ' fsc hsc Dhsc \ = = = = = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.180 3.270 5.860 0.558 1.102 0.062 m m m m m m m/s m

Clear height hi= 2.770 m = WL2' - EL2' - Dhsc = N1 (b3 h3) = N1 (b3 + 2h3) = A 3 / P3 = Q / A3

(d) Calculation of Dhsc

1.00 0.00 0.000 m 0.000 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhsc OK

(3) Water level at beginning section of conduit WL3 = (4) Length and bed slope of conduit - Length - Bed slope L4 = I4 = 13.600 m Level 31.430 m = WL2' - Dhsc

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(5) Change of water level due to friction Dhf4 = hf4 + ( V42 / 2g - V32 / 2g ) hf4 = ( n Vm4 / Rm42/3 )2 L4 where, hf4 : Head loss due to friction Vm4 : Mean velocity Rm4 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf4 (b) Beginning section of conduit Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL3 b3 h3 A3 P3 R3 V3 2 V3 / 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.180 3.270 5.860 0.558 1.102 0.062 m m m m m m m/s m

Vm4 = ( V3 + V4 ) / 2 Rm4 = ( R3 + R4 ) / 2 Dhf4 = 0.009 m

(c) End sections of conduit Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL4 b4 h4 A4 P4 R4 V4 2 V4 / 2g Vm4 Rm4 hf4 Dhf4 = = = = = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.171 3.257 5.842 0.558 1.107 0.063 1.105 0.558 0.008 0.009 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m

= = = = =

WL3 - EL4 - Dhf4 N1 (b4 h4) N1 (b4 + 2h4) A 4 / P4 Q / A4

(d) Calculation of Dhf4 \ (6) Water level at end section of conduit

= Assumed Dhf2

OK

WL4 =

31.421 m

= WL3 - Dhf4

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4. Beginning Section of Outlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels Design discharge Design discharge per conduit barrel Design discharge per flume channel No. of conduit barrels No. of flume channels Q Q1 Q2 N1 N2 = = = = = 3.605 3.605 3.605 1 1 m3/s m3/s/barrel m3/s/channel nos. nos. A4 / A5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 fse 1.00 0.81 0.64 0.49 0.36 0.25 0.16 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.00

(2) Change of water level due to sudden enlargement Dhse = hse + ( V52 / 2g - V42 / 2g ) hse = fse V4 2/ 2g where, hse : Head loss due to sudden enlargement fse : Head loss coefficient of sudden enlargement (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhse (b) Before enlargement Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b4 h4 A4 P4 R4 V4 V42/ 2g = = = = = = = 1.500 2.171 3.257 5.842 0.558 1.107 0.063 m m m m m m/s m Dhse = 0.000 m

(c) After enlargement Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL5 b5 h5 A5 P5 R5 V5 2 V5 / 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.171 3.257 5.842 0.558 1.107 0.063 m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL4 - EL5 - Dhse N2 (b5 h5) N2 (b5 + 2h5) A 5 / P5 Q / A5

(d) Calculation of Dhse

A4 / A5 = fse = hse = \ Dhse =

1.00 0.00 0.000 m 0.000 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhse

OK

(3) Water level at beginning section of outlet flume WL5 = 5. Transition at Beginning Section of Outlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge Q =
3 3.605 m /s

31.421 m

= WL4 - Dhse

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- Design discharge per flume channel - No. of flume channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope

Q2 = N2 =

3 3.605 m /s/channel 1 nos.

L5' = I5' =

0.000 m Level

(3) Change of water level due to gradual contraction Dhgc = hgc + hf5' + ( V5'2 / 2g - V52 / 2g ) hgc = fgc ( V5'2 / 2g - V52 / 2g ) hf5' = ( n Vm5' / Rm5'2/3 )2 L5' where, hgc : Head loss due to gradual contraction hf5' : Head loss due to friction Vm5' : Mean velocity Vm5' = ( V5 + V5' ) / 2 Rm5' : Mean hydraulic radius Rm5' = ( R5 + R5' ) / 2 fgc : Head loss coefficient of gradual contraction fgc = 0.10 (for Rectangular to rectangular) (a) Assumed Dhgc (b) End section of inlet transition Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL5' b5' h5' A5' P5 ' R5' V5' V5'2/ 2g Vm5' Rm5' hf5' hgc \ (4) Water level at end section of inlet transition WL5' = 31.421 m = WL5 - Dhgc = = = = = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.171 3.257 5.842 0.558 1.107 0.063 1.107 0.558 0.000 0.000 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m = Assumed Dhgc OK Dhgc = 0.000 m

= = = = =

WL5 - EL5' - Dhgc N2 (b5' h5') N2 (b5' + 2h5') A 5 ' / P5 ' Q / A5'

(c) Calculation of Dhgc

Dhgc =

0.000 m

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6. End Section of Outlet Flume (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per flume channel - No. of flume channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope (3) Change of water level due to friction Dhf6 = hf6 + ( V62 / 2g - V5'2 / 2g ) hf6 = ( n Vm6 / Rm62/3 )2 L6 where, hf6 : Head loss due to friction Vm6 : Mean velocity Rm6 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf6 (b) End section of outlet flume Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL6 b6 h6 A6 P6 R6 V6 V62/ 2g = = = = = = = = 29.250 1.500 2.123 3.185 5.746 0.554 1.132 0.065 m m m m m m m/s m L6 = I6 = 72.600 m Level Q = Q2 = N2 =
3 3.605 m /s 3 3.605 m /s/channel 1 nos.

Vm6 = ( V5' + V6 ) / 2 Rm6 = ( R5' + R6 ) / 2 Dhf6 = 0.048 m

= = = = =

WL5' - EL6 - Dhf6 N2 (b6 h6) N2 (b6 + 2h6) A 6 / P6 Q / A6

(c) Calculation of Dhf6

Vm6 = Rm6 = hf6 = \ Dhf6 =

1.120 m/s 0.556 m 0.045 m 0.048 m = Assumed Dhf6 OK

(4) Water level at end section of outlet flume (BP of settling basin) WL6 = 31.373 m

= WL5' - Dhf6

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7. Inlet Transition of Settling Basin (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per flume channel - No. of flume channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope L7 = I7 = 11.000 m Reverse Q = Q2 = N2 =
3 3.605 m /s 3 3.605 m /s/channel 1 nos.

(3) Change of water level due to gradual enlargement Dhge = hge + hf7 + ( V72 / 2g - V62 / 2g ) hge = fge ( V62 / 2g - V72 / 2g ) hf7 = ( n Vm7 / Rm72/3 )2 L7 where, hge : Head loss due to gradual enlargement hf7 : Head loss due to friction Vm7 : Mean velocity Vm7 = ( V6 + V7 ) / 2 Rm7 : Mean hydraulic radius Rm7 = ( R6 + R7 ) / 2 fge : Head loss coefficient of gradual enlargement fge = 0.20 (for Rectangular to rectangular) (a) Assumed Dhge (b) End section of inlet transition Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL7 b7 h7 A7 P7 R7 V7 V72/ 2g Vm7 Rm7 hf7 hge \ (4) Water level at end section of inlet transition WL7 = 31.375 m = WL6 - Dhge = = = = = = = = = = = = 30.820 6.300 0.555 3.497 7.410 0.472 1.031 0.054 1.082 0.513 0.007 0.002 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m = Assumed Dhge OK Dhge = -0.002 m (rising)

= = = = =

WL6 - EL7 - Dhge N2 (b7 h7) N2 (b7 + 2h7) A 7 / P7 Q / A7

(c) Calculation of Dhge

Dhge =

-0.002 m

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8. Inlet Crest (1) Design discharge and no. of channels Design discharge Design discharge per flume channel Design discharge per crest channel No. of flume channels No. of inlet crest channels Q Q2 Q3 N2 N3 = = = = = 3.605 3.605 1.802 1 2 m3/s m3/s/channel m3/s/channel nos. nos. A7' / A 7 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 fsc 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.41 0.36 0.29 0.21 0.13 0.07 0.01 0.00

(2) Change of water level due to sudden contraction Dhsc = hsc + ( V7'2 / 2g - V7 2 / 2g ) hsc = fsc V7'2/ 2g where, hsc : Head loss due to sudden contraction fsc : Head loss coefficient of sudden contraction (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhsc (b) Before contraction Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b7 h7 A7 P7 R7 V7 V72/ 2g = = = = = = = 6.300 0.555 3.497 7.410 0.472 1.031 0.054 m m m m m m/s m Dhsc = 0.009 m

(c) After contraction Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL7' b7' h7' A7' P7 ' R7' V7' 2 V7' / 2g A7 ' / A7 fsc hsc Dhsc \ = = = = = = = = = = = = 30.820 3.000 0.546 3.276 8.184 0.400 1.100 0.062 m m m m m m m/s m

= = = = =

WL7 - EL7' - Dhsc N3 (b7' h7') N3 (b7' + 2h7') A 7 ' / P7 ' Q / A7 '

(d) Calculation of Dhsc

0.94 0.01 0.001 m 0.009 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhsc OK

(3) Water level at beginning section of inlet crest WL7' = (4) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope L8 = I8 = 2.000 m Level 31.366 m = WL7 - Dhsc

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(5) Change of water level due to friction Dhf8 = hf8 + ( V82 / 2g - V7'2 / 2g ) hf8 = ( n Vm8 / Rm82/3 )2 L8 where, hf8 : Head loss due to friction Vm8 : Mean velocity Rm8 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf8 (b) Beginning section of inlet crest Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL7' b7' h7' A7' P7 ' R7' V7' 2 V7' / 2g = = = = = = = = 30.820 3.000 0.546 3.276 8.184 0.400 1.100 0.062 m m m m m m m/s m

Vm8 = ( V7' + V8 ) / 2 Rm8 = ( R7' + R8 ) / 2 Dhf8 = 0.003 m

(c) End sections of inlet crest Base elevation Width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL8 b8 h8 A8 P8 R8 V8 2 V8 / 2g Vm8 Rm8 hf8 Dhf8 = = = = = = = = = = = = 30.820 3.000 0.543 3.258 8.172 0.399 1.106 0.062 1.103 0.400 0.002 0.003 m m m m m m m/s m m/s m m m

= = = = =

WL7' - EL8 - Dhf8 N3 (b8 h8) N3 (b8 + 2h8) A 8 / P8 Q / A8

(d) Calculation of Dhf8 \ (6) Water level at end section of inlet crest

= Assumed Dhf8

OK

WL8 =

31.363 m

= WL7' - Dhf8

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9. Drop at Beginning Section of Sedimentation Channel (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per channel - No. of sedimentation channels (2) Height and length of drop - Height of drop - Length of drop W = L9 = 1.940 m 0.000 m A8 / A9 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 fse 1.00 0.81 0.64 0.49 0.36 0.25 0.16 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.00 Q = Q3 = N3 =
3 3.605 m /s 3 1.802 m /s/channel 2 nos.

(3) Change of water level due to sudden enlargement Dhse = hse + ( V92 / 2g - V82 / 2g ) hse = fse V8 2/ 2g where, hse : Head loss due to sudden enlargement fse : Head loss coefficient of sudden enlargement (Refer to the right table) (a) Assumed Dhse (b) Before enlargement Width per channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head b8 h8 A8 P8 R8 V8 V82/ 2g = = = = = = = 3.000 0.543 3.258 8.172 0.399 1.106 0.062 m m m m m m/s m Dhse = -0.021 m (rising)

(c) After enlargement Base elevation Width of channel Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL9 b9 h9 A9 P9 R9 V9 V92/ 2g = = = = = = = = 28.880 3.000 2.504 15.024 16.016 0.938 0.240 0.003 m m m m m m m/s m = EL8 - W = = = = = WL8 - EL9 - Dhse N3 (b9 h9) N3 (b9 + 2h9) A 9 / P9 Q / A9

(d) Calculation of Dhse

A8 / A9 = fse = hse = \ Dhse =

0.22 0.61 0.038 m -0.021 m

(Refer to the table above) = Assumed Dhse

OK

(4) Water level at beginning section of sedimentation channel WL9 = 31.384 m = WL8 - Dhse

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10. Sedimentation Channel (1) Design discharge and no. of channels - Design discharge - Design discharge per channel - No. of sedimentation channels (2) Length and bed slope - Length - Bed slope (3) Change of water level due to friction Dhf10 = hf10 + ( V102 / 2g - V92 / 2g ) hf10 = ( n Vm10 / Rm102/3 )2 L10 where, hf10 : Head loss due to friction Vm10 : Mean velocity Rm10 : Mean hydraulic radius (a) Assumed Dhf10 (b) End section of sedimentation channel Bed elevation Bed width Water depth Flow area Wetted perimeter Hydraulic radius Velocity Velocity head EL10 b10 h10 A10 P10 R10 V10 V102/ 2g = = = = = = = = 28.530 3.000 2.855 17.130 17.420 0.983 0.210 0.002 m m m m m m m/s m = EL9 - I10 L10 = = = = = WL9 - EL10 - Dhf10 N3 (b10 h10) N3 (b10 + 2h10) A10 / P10 Q / A10 L10 = 35.000 m I10 = 0.010000 Q = Q3 = N3 =
3 3.605 m /s 3 1.802 m /s/channel 2 nos.

= 1/100

Vm10 = ( V9 + V10 ) / 2 Rm10 = ( R9 + R10 ) / 2 Dhf10 = -0.001 m (rising)

(c) Calculation of Dhf10

Vm10 = Rm10 = hf10 = \ Dhf10 =

0.225 m/s 0.961 m 0.000 m -0.001 m = Assumed Dhf10 OK

(4) Water level at end section of sedimentation channel WL10 = 31.385 m = WL9 - Dhf10

hydro-calc Q120%