Bujinkan History

The origins of some techniques studied in the Bujinkan are unclear.[2]

Origins
Hatsumi's claimed connection to Ninjutsu is through his teacher Takamatsu Toshitsugu. The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten (researched by a friend of Takamatsu) indicates that Takamatsu's "genealogy includes embellishments...to appear older than it actually is"[3][4]. Other researchers believe that there is no historical basis for the claims that Takamatsu had any link to a ninjitsu lineage.[5][6] It is Hatsumi's assertion that Toshitsugu was permitted to copy the Amatsu Tatara scrolls[7] which date back to 7BC[8]and contain many assorted techniques (ranging from killing by yelling, and control of weather, to fighting techniques and fortification design[9]). The Bujinkan school claims that Takamatsu's grandfather was a samurai and a direct descendant of the founder of Gyokko Ryu (and that the Gikan-ryū was passed to Takamatsu through another source)[7]. Other arts, such as Takagi Yoshin Ryu and Kukishinden Ryuwere developed by members of samurai families. Today the Bujinkan claims to incorporate techniques from the 9 traditions overseen by Hatsumi and other sources[1].

In 1843 several of the Bujinkan ryūha were mentioned in the Kakutogi no Rekishi (“The History of Fighting Arts”).[10] Although details of the ryūha were omitted, the publication states, "even though they are not mentioned in this particular periodical, there are several schools that are well-known for being ‘effective arts’ (jitsuryoku ha)." Among the schools listed in this section are Gyokko Ryū, Gikan-ryū Koppō jutsu, Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō, Kukishin Ryu, Takagi Yōshin-ryū Jūtai jutsu and Asayama Ichiden-ryū(which is not part of the Bujinkan’s nine schools but was studied by Hatsumi via Takashi Ueno).[10]

Formation of the Bujinkan Organization
The head of the Bujinkan organisation, Hatsumi, claims to be the lineage holder of several ryūha taught in the Bujinkan, which he claims were transferred to him in 1958 by his teacher Takamatsu.[11][12][13][14] From 1968 and onwards, the Bugei Ryuha Daijiten has entries bearing the name of Hatsumi below his teacher Takamatsu for the following school entries: Gyokko-ryū Kosshi jutsu, Kukishinden Ryu, Kotō-ryū Koppōjutsu, Shinden Fudō-ryū Dakentai jutsu, Takagi Yōshin-ryū Jūtai jutsu, Gikan-ryū Koppō jutsu,Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō and Kumogakure-ryū Ninpō.

Yearly themes
Since 1988 Hatsumi's teaching has focused on a particular theme each year. This typically means that a specific ryū, or a certain set of techniques from specific ryū will be taught. Hatsumi announces the years theme, or focus, each year at the Daikomyosai. Depending on what years a student has studied in Japan, they may find that their focus reflects the themes or schools taught during their time. This is one reason that there are often noticeable differences in techniques from different teachers inside the Bujinkan. Although Ninpo Taijutsu is an overall theme of the Bujinkan, 2008 marked the first time that a Ninpo Taijutsu Ryū was the focus of the year. Prior to founding the Bujinkan organization and teaching the nine Ryū collectively (with particular yearly focus), Hatsumi awarded his students rank certificates in individual Ryū. The themes thus far are: • • Theme of 2011 - Kihon Happo Theme of 2010 - Rokkon Shoujou Theme of 2009 - Mu - No theme / Talent, Heart, Capacity / Talent, Soul, Capacity Theme of 2008 - Togakure-ryū Ninpō Taijutsu Theme of 2007 - Kukishin Ryu Theme of 2006 - Shinden Fudo Ryu Theme of 2005 - Gyokko-ryū Kosshi jutsu (Bo and Tachi) Theme of 2004 - Daishou Juutai jutsu (Roppo-Kuji-no Biken) Theme of 2003 - Juppo Sessho Theme of 2002 - Jutai jutsu (Takagi Yoshin Ryu) Theme of 2001 - Kosshi jutsu (Gyokko Ryu) Theme of 2000 - Koppo jutsu (Koto Ryu) Theme of 1999 - Kukishinden Ryu Theme of 1998 - Shinden Fudo Ryu Theme of 1997 - Jojutsu Theme of 1996 - Bokken Theme of 1995 - Naginata Theme of 1994 - Yari Theme of 1993 - Rokushakubojutsu Theme of 1992 - Taijutsu Power Theme of 1991 - Sword and Jutte Theme of 1990 - Hanbo Theme of 1989 - Taijutsu and Weapons


• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • • Sainou (Ability/talent) Kokoro (Heart) Utsuwa (Capacity) Soon after this theme as was announced. though Hatsumi talked about 3 things which are important for a martial artist. it was proposed by Hatsumi that the second aspect. dakentai jutsu (strikes). while Toriuses position and timing to keep uke off-balance and vulnerable. Uke continuously seeks to regain balance and cover vulnerabilities (e. these techniques are necessary in order to progress into other techniques such as the use of tools and weapons. The basic pattern is for the receiver of the technique (uke) to initiate an attack against the person who applies the technique . Ukemi and Balance Bujinkan Taijitsu seeks to use body movement and positioning over strength in order to defeat the opponent. ground fighting). This is achieved by moving the opponent perpendicular to his or her weak line. Kokoro(Heart). as the school's training aims to develop the skills to protect ones self and others. an exposed side). All techniques in Bujinkan Taijutsu revolve around getting the opponent off balance while maintaining your own balance. He said that these things were going to become a bit of a theme for next year[15]. Daken-tai jutsu utilizes and teaches strikes. as was later stated on George Ohashi's homepage[15] . Before receiving the 9th kyu. Ukemi (受身?) refers to the act of receiving a technique. locks of the joints are all techniques of taijutsu. Throws holds. koppo jutsu (bone manipulation art). Once learned Taijutsu techniques can be applied to any situation. grappling. body arts. the Bujinkan is mostly known for teaching koshi jutsu (joint manipulation art). The Bujinkan does not adhere to any guideline or set of rules to limit action or techniques during training. is designed to open the eyes of the student to the endless possibilities and potential in all situations.[18][19][20] Roles of the Uke and the Tori Training is based primarily on two partners practicing pre-arranged forms (waza) and then advancing to unlimited variations of those forms ("Henka"). Schools The Bujinkan organization incorporates the teachings of nine martial arts lineages known as(ryūha):[16][17] • • • • • • • • • Togakure-ryū Ninpō Taijutsu (戸隠流忍法体術) Gyokko ryū Kosshi jutsu (玉虎流骨指術) Kuki Shinden Ryū Happō Bikenjutsu (九鬼神伝流八法秘剣術) Koto Ryū Koppō jutsu (虎倒流骨法術) Shinden Fudo Ryū Dakentai jutsu (神伝不動流打拳体術) Takagi Yoshin Ryū Jūtai jutsu (高木揚心流柔体術) Gikan Ryū Koppō jutsu (義鑑流骨法術) Gyokushin-ryū Ryū Ninpō (玉心流忍法) Kumogakure Ryū Ninpō (雲隠流忍法) Training Bujinkan Budō Taijutsu practice doesn't include participation in competitions or contests. Thus learning to roll and break fall effectively is key to safely training in Taijutsu. The first levels of training such as leaping. and therefore is "essential to the person". art of the body) is the system of unarmed defense.the 取り tori. The depth of training in the Bujinkan. body conditioning form the basis for taijutsu. be replaced by Tamashii (Soul).Taijutsu No focus was announced for 2009. as such many of the staple responses of a student would be inappropriate in most competitions. a student must demonstrate the ability to smoothly roll in a variety of directions without exposing the neck to injury. whereas the soul is permanent and unchanging. the imaginary line drawn between the opponents heels.g. uke will sometimes apply reversal techniques (返し技 kaeshi-waza?) to regain balance disable the Tori. through the use of techniques which often focus on the disabling (breaking) of the attacker's limbs and which can also potentially cause their death. kicks and blocks. Taijutsu Taijutsu (body art. such as joint dislocations or throws. Specifically however. which may be loosely considered to be the yearly theme. In more advanced training. proper fall techniques. and ninpo tactics and strategies (Ninjutsu). Good ukemi involves a roll or breakfall that is used to avoid pain or injury. chokes. Taijutsu is divided into subsystems.• Theme of 1988 . Ju-taijutsu which utilizes and teaches grappling and throwing techniques. . happo biken jutsu (various modern and traditional weapons). His reasoning was that the heart is in a constant state of change. the first rank. armed or unarmed.. tumbling. jutai jutsu (throwing. daken-taijutsu or the way of attacking the bones and ju-taijutsu or the relaxed body method.

[29] According to the Bujinkan. Its most prominent weapon is the lasso (nagenawa). 5. kusarigama. it is used to protect oneself from attack and not for competition purposes. The exercises promote relaxation. Safety and care is always taken seriously during training sessions. Masaaki Hatsumi is the lineage holder of Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō. naginata. The 18 disciplines are:[32] 1. Gyokushin Ryu has sutemi waza techniques. Ninpo Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō Masaaki Hatsumi demonstrating his techniques on the BBC television programMind. other techniques were used differently by the two groups. Gyokushin-ryū is considered a style of koshijutsu. there are several schools that are well-known for being ‘effective arts’ (jitsuryoku ha). which explains similarities between the two styles.[24][25][26][27][28] In 1843 Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō was mentioned in theKakutogi no Rekishi (“The History of Fighting Arts”).[30] Togakure ryu Ninjutsu Hidensho is a manuscript in the possession of Masaaki Hatsumi that is said to document Togakure-ryū. any of the techniques can result in permanent and major injuries or even death. Body & Kick Ass Moves. one must be careful to not injure their Uke (practice partner).[31].Weapons Weapons use is among the 18 disciplines taught in bujinkan: bō. allegedly founded during the Oho period (1161-1162) by one Daisuke Nishina (Togakure). explosives and pyrotechnics. The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten states that the Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō was transferred to Masaaki Hatsumi in the middle of the 20th Century by his teacher Takamatsu Toshitsugu. when practicing techniques. The document is the purported origin of the "18 skills of Ninjutsu". gunpowder. 3. Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō ("The Jeweled Heart School") is taught within the Bujinkan martial arts organization. According to the Bugei Ryuha Daijiten. Masaaki Hatsumi is the current and 21st sōke. “even though they are not mentioned in this particular periodical. hanbo.) Physical conditioning Junan taiso (junan meaning flexible) is a yogic method of stretching and breathing [21] by which the Bujinkan practitioner may develop and maintain good physical condition and well being. however there is some controversy regarding the lineage of this claim as evidenced by the Bugei Ryūha Daijiten. 508-517. Because of its nature. or "School of the Hidden Door". all major joints are rotated and stretched in a proper manner while proper breathing and concentration are practiced. 2. shuriken. Though some are used in the same way by both samurai and ninja. muscle toning. the eighteen disciplines (jūhakkei < jūhachi-kei) were first stated in the scrolls of Togakureryū 戸隠流. yari. Gyokushin-ryū was founded in the mid-16th century by Sasaki Goeman Teruyoshi. the publication states. and flexibility[22] and form a core part of all training sessions. blood circulation. [10] According to the Bujinkan martial arts organization. kayaku (the use of firearms.[23] Self Protection This martial art is largely based on combat.” Among the schools listed in this section was Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō. Seishinteki kyōyō (spiritual refinement) Taijutsu (unarmed combat) Kenjutsu (sword techniques) Bōjutsu (stick and staff techniques) Sōjutsu (spear techniques) . p. Gyokushin-ryū Ninpō is taught today in the Bujinkanorganization. jo. and is more focused on the art and techniques of espionage.[29] Togakure-ryū Main article: Togakure-ryū According to Bujinkan members Ninja Jūhakkei. who was also then-sōke of Gyokko Ryu. who learned a life view and techniques (ninjutsu) from Kagakure Doshi. This source indicates that Hatsumi's Togakure-ryu "genealogy refers to various written records and oral transmissions and there are many points/places where embellishments have been added and people appearing in the genealogy are also made older than they actually are". 4. rather than fighting. Junan taiso is a form of conditioning and preparation for the body. Ninja jūhakkei was often studied along with Bugei Jūhappan (the "18 samurai fighting art skills"). Although details of the ryūha was omitted.

The term is also used in the martial art of aikido to distinguish the unarmed fighting techniques from other (e. with 9 kyu being the lowest rank and 1 kyu being the highest. green belts. The study of Tenchijin Ryaku No Maki (The arts of Heaven Earth and Man) forms the foundations of 9th Kyu to Shodan (1st Dan) and comprises all the fundamental techniques required for advanced study after obtaining the Shodan rank.Intonjutsu (escaping and concealment) 17. while others use green for all practitioners. Kayakujutsu (pyrotechnics) 10.6. literally means "body skill" or "body art".Chōhō (espionage) 16. In the Bujinkan a person who holds the level of between 8 dan and 15 dan is often referred to as a shihan. At 4 dan (yondan).Bōryaku (tactics) 15. Chi Ryaku No Maki and Jin Ryaku No Maki are divided amongst the Dan grades but this was incorrect. though the actual color of the belt varies from place to place.especially in children's classes .Bajutsu (horsemanship) 13. After attaining the rank of Judan (tenth Dan) the further five grades up to fifteenth dan consist of advanced study in individual schools or Ryu-ha. This is the test for 5 dan. considered to be a fundamental survival skill. A shidōshi is entitled to open his own dōjō. A practitioner with the level of godan or above is entitled to apply for a teaching license (shidōshi menkyo). called wappen (ワッペン). This is called sakki.Sui-ren (water training) 14. A practitioner with the level of between 1 dan to 4 dan may become a licensed "assistant teacher" (shidōshi-ho).[citation needed] Uniforms and Rankings Kyu levels The Bujinkan Dōjō has a series of nine kyū (grades) below the level of shodan. especially since the emergence of the Ninja movie genre it was used to avoid the explicitly referring to "ninja" combat techniques. These menkyo kaiden essentially establish that the master practitioner has learned all that there is to learn about the particular lineage. Now. The practitioner's level is displayed by the color of the art's emblem. starting with mukyu("without grade") and then from kukyu (9 kyu) to ikkyu (1 kyu).Hensōjutsu (disguise and impersonation) 11. Naginatajutsu (naginata techniques) 7. both male and female Bujinkan practitioners wear green belts at most Japanese dōjō. There are four kinds of wappen (9 to 1 kyū. if backed by and acting under the supervision of a shidōshi 5th to 9thdan or a person who holds the level of 10 dan (jūdan). It was previously stated that Ten Ryaku No Maki. inscribed with the kanji "bu"(武) and "jin" (神). a few practitioners have earned menkyo kaiden "licenses of complete transmission" in individual schools. it was once customary for kyu-level men to wear green belts over a black gi and women to wear red belts over a purple gi. Historically. Kusarigamajutsu (kusarigama techniques) 8. and grade students up to the level of 4 dan. those select practitioners who have earned menkyo kaiden rarely divulge their status. however. unranked (mukyū) practitioners wear white belts.g. Unlike other Japanese martial arts. In Japan. practitioners submit to a test before the sōke to establish that they are able to sense the presence of danger and evade it. . and those with ranks of shōdan and above wear black belts. and 10 to 15 dan) sometimes augmented with up to four silver.Chi-mon (geography) The name of the discipline of Taijutsu (体術?). Dan levels There are fifteen dan grades in the Bujinkan although only ten are formally recognised. kyu grade practitioners. gold or white stars (called hoshi) above or around the emblem. Whereas the kyū/dan ranks are often made public.wear colored belts. this practice has largely been abandoned.Shinobi-iri (stealth and entering methods) 12.Tenmon (meteorology) 18. stick fighting) techniques. 1 to 4 dan. 5 to 9 dan. representing the individual ranks. In some dojos Kyū level practitioners . some countries still follow the green for men/red for women custom. In addition to the kyū/dan system. Shurikenjutsu (throwing weapons techniques) 9. In ninjutsu. Outside of Japan. such as karate and judo. sometimes even being reluctant to recognize their actual dan ranking to outsiders. the word taijutsu is often in Japan used interchangeably with jujutsu (as well as many other terms) to refer to a range of grappling skills.

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