Antoine Brien dit Breyan dit Brillant (b.

1820)
Antoine Brien was born on June 15, 1820, the son of Antoine Brayant (b. 1790) and Genevieve Grant. He married Josephte Azure, (b. 1826 at Baie St. Paul) the daughter of Antoine Azure and Charlotte Pelletier on January 9, 1849 at Pembina. Under the Pembina and Red Lake Chippewa Treaty of 1864, Antoine received scrip certificate # 490 in 1882. The couple had thirteen children: • • • • • • • • • • • • Alexandre, b. 1850, married Adelaide St. Denis, then married Helene Landry. Josephte, b. 1851, married a Lucier. Antoine, b. 1852. Theodore, b. 1854, married Marie Rose Breland. Marie Josephine, b. 1858, married Ambroise Ouelette then William Allard. Adele, b. 1859, married Joseph Ladoceur, then Edouard Sansregret. Joseph, b. 1860. Gregoire, b. 1862, married Nancy Cardinal. Jenoir, b. 1868, married Mary Anne Lucier. Isaie, b. 1871, died 1871. Marie Ste. Anne, b. 1872, died 1874 at Lebret Marie Eloise, b. 1874 at Qu’Appelle, died 1874 at Lebret.

Patrice Breland provides the following record on this buffalo hunting family: November 24, 1878: Cypress Mountains, Patrice Breland writes: The news here, although not very good, because the Buffalos (bison) are very scarce in the neighbourhood, they are plentiful on the other side of the line along the Milk River, but there is great inconvenience to go and hunt in that direction because the Americans defend it, they have made prisoners. Antoine Brillant the elder, Peter Lapierre, Alexander Brillant, Pierre Labruler, Ambroise Chartrant, Charles Demontigny and Joseph Azure, they have all been made prisoners with their families. They were arrested at Fort Belknap, they have been released after 7 or 8 days after, without being fined provided they don't return and tell folks that other prisoners will be put in gaol for two years and their horses and carts taken. I have learned that the Teton (Sioux) go hunting on the other side of the line numbering 300 men. The Teton are not numerous here. They are about 50 lodges and the Sante about 30 lodges, and the remainder of the Teton with Sitting Bull are at the Mud house on White River (Utah), I have learned that they are about 1,000 lodges. I think I will go very soon to trade with these people… .. Brilliant, Antoine [R.L. Scrip #490] · National Archives, RG 75, Entry 363, "List of Persons to Whom Scrip was Issued under Red Lake & Pembina Treaties...." Halfbreed

Scrip No. 490, Schedule B., issued September 27, 1882, under the authority of Secretarial Decision, September 18, 1882, delivered September 27, 1882 [notation: "to Secretary, August 19, 1882, LeB 100/302 and Decision of Secretary, Le Bt 18/18 17148/82"] National Archives, RG 75, Entry 364, "Treaty of April 12, 1864, Red Lake and Pembina Half-Breeds," Scrip Stubs, Number 490, dated Sept. 27th, 1882, 160 Acres, delivered Sept. 27th, 1882, issued to Antoine Brilliant, delivered to Curtis & Burdette, Sec. to Curtis & Earle, Washington, D.C., Atty for Scripee National Archives, RG 75, Entry 368, McIntyre Report [abt.1877] relating to Red Lake Halfbreed Scrip, "Report on List E": "Antoine Brilliant. Can not identify".

Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research Louis Riel Institute

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