Role of physics to health sciences or how physics related to health sciences
How physics related to health sciences Physics covers sound and light waves, the science behind sonograms, CAT scans, MRI's, and x-rays for starters. Then there understands the science of nuclear medicine and that also falls in the physics category. Understanding forces, and how they act on a human body, electricity, and even simple gravity, go far in understanding the potential and actual injuries people suffer from accidents. Nursing is more than just working with the here and now of the patient, it's also understanding how you got there, and where you can expect to go in future. It may not be useful everyday, but it will be comforting to patients if you can explain the science behind the tests. Otherwise, you will look like an uneducated person and won't inspire much confidence in your patients. Public Interest in Physics • Physics is one of the most difficult subjects taught in schools. A number of students are even more daunted with its use of mathematics. In a study done in UK from 1985 to 2006, it was found that there was 41 percent decrease in the number of entries to A-level examinations in sciences. This decreasing trend is similar in other countries. Despite this trend, physics remains an integral part of the educational system. It is through physics that new methodologies were developed that helped improve the quality of life, including things such as automobiles and modern construction.

Importance of Physics in the Current Society • Society's reliance on technology represents the importance of physics in daily life. Many aspects of modern society would not have been possible without the important scientific discoveries made in the past. These discoveries became the foundation on which current technologies were developed. Discoveries such as magnetism, electricity, conductors and others made modern conveniences, such as television, computers, and phones and other business and home technologies possible. Modern means of transportation, such as aircraft and telecommunications, have drawn people across the world closer together --- all relying on concepts in physics.

Importance of Physics in Meeting Future Energy Requirements • In 1999 during the World Conference on Science (WCS), the UNESCO-Physics Action Council considered physics an important factor in developing solutions to both energy and environmental problems. Physics seeks to find alternative solutions to the energy crisis experienced by both first world and developing nations. As physics help the fields of engineering, bio-chemistry and computer science, professionals and scientists develop new ways of harnessing preexisting energy sources and utilizing new ones.

Importance of Physics in Economic Development • In the United Nations Millennium Summit held in 2000, it was recognized that physics and the sciences will play a crucial role in attaining sustainable development. Physics helps in maintaining and developing stable economic growth since it offers new technological advances in the fields of engineering, computer science and even biomedical studies. These fields play a crucial role on the economic aspect of countries and finding new and better ways to produce and develop products in these fields can help boost a country's economy. Similarly, the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) asserted that physics will generate the necessary knowledge that will lead in the development of engines to drive the world's economies.

In Rwanda, the education ministry was mandated to develop the country's scientific and technical knowhow. Medical physics and information technology benefited the country by developing a national nutrition program and an epidemic surveillance system. Physics and engineering helped rural areas gain safe drinking water through gravimetric techniques, irrigation techniques and rainwater harvesting.

2. Define physics

chemical phenomena are sufficiently varied and complex that chemistry is usually regarded as a separate discipline. Chemistry draws on many fields of physics. codified in the 19th century by Maxwell's equations. Theories of physics are generally expressed as mathematical relations. Physics is a major branch of science.astronomy. the fax. . electricity. Chemistry. radiation. Physics may be loosely divided into classical physics and modern physics. • Mechanics -. • electromagnetism. particularly quantum mechanics. biology. • and the strong nuclear force. Physics is the science of Nature in the broadest sense. encompasses them. which was first adequately described by Isaac Newton. It is concerned with the most fundamental aspects of matter and energy and how they interact. Physics recognises four fundamental forces of nature: • gravitation. which binds together atomic nuclei and is 1012 times stronger than the weak nuclear force. Physics also is essential to the applied science and engineering that has given us the supersonic jet. • the weak nuclear force. and forces. charge. which are referred to as physical phenomena.heat.the study of the relationships between heat and other forms of energy • Electricity and Magnetism. live satellite transmission. matter and energy can't be destroyed. and astronomy deals with the physics of the stars and outer space. gravity . Physicists study the properties and forms of matter and energy . Chemists use this knowledge to guide them in their work in studying all existing chemical compounds and in making new ones. Chemistry is the science of molecules and the chemical compounds that they form in bulk. Modern physics relates to the laws of symmetry and conservation. light.the study of sound • Optics -. Physics is closely related to the other natural sciences and.Physics is the scientific study of matter and energy and how they interact with each other. Physicists study the behaviour and interactions of matter and energy. Modern physics has discovered how atoms are made up of smaller particles and how these particles interact to build atoms into molecules and larger objects of matter. as studied in biology. biophysics and biochemistry. in a sense.chemistry. Physics deals with matter on scales ranging from sub-atomic particles (i. like all scientific theories.the study of motion and the forces that cause it • Acoustics -. deals with the interaction of atoms to form molecules. momentum.e.e. This energy can take the form of motion. Well-established theories are often referred to asphysical laws or laws of physics. electricity and magnetism. and the laws that these forces obey .g. just about anything. motion. they are ultimately provisional. such as those pertaining to energy. The fundamental concepts of physics underlie all basic science -. thermodynamics and electromagnetism. Physics is the study of matter. They try to understand the forces that act in theuniverse. and nuclearenergy. only changed from one to the other (a conservation law).the study of light • Thermodynamics -. for example. the particles that make up the atom and the particles that make up those particles) to stars and even entire galaxies. However. . concerned with the fundamental components of the universe. honestly. and geology. and parity. the laser. the forces they exert on one another. and the results produced by these forces. however. light. they follow the same types of laws as the simpler particles traditionally studied by a physicist. energy. Even living systems are made up of fundamental particles and. and the chips of a computer. . Much of modern geology is largely a study of the physics of the earth and is known as geophysics. Classical physics includes the traditional branches that were fairly well developed before the beginning of the 20th cent. which is responsible for the decay of some subatomic particles.

insofar as they interact with other bodies in the solar system.given the positions.but which have been repeatedly confirmed by experiment. Both of these areas involve concepts which are highly counter-intuitive . whereas physicists are concerned with the general properties of all matter. the study of stars. while chemistry deals with the properties and reactions of molecules -. Astronomy is the science of the entire universe including the Earth's gross physical properties. critical testing and review. • quantum mechanics. • Einstein's theories of relativity (special and general). ordinary.defying common sense . and the interstellar medium has become increasingly important. as well as on atoms. Other changes in the form of matter. On the very small scale. and thereby helped to establish the fundamental principles of classical (pre-20th-century) physics. especially those based on thetheory of relativity. masses. such as its momentum and rotation. the science of the motion of planets and other solid objects within the solar system. and ordering by general principles. Applied science is the search for practical uses of scientific knowledge. rather than the continuous. matter. This view has changed dramatically due to major developments in the early part of the 20th century. those which occur when oxygen and hydrogen combine into water. and energy are no longer valid. the Theory of Relativity is concerned with the description of phenomena that take place in a frame of reference that is in motion with respect to an observer. developed during the 19th century and is closely connected with the determination of the chemical composition of those bodies. astronomers were concerned mainly with theSun. and for rapidly moving objects.which depend on energy. Newton's mechanics dominated physics for two centuries. and velocities of all objects in the universe.The laws of motion were codified in the 17th century by Isaac Newton. Moon. then their future behaviour could. thus. Astrophysics. are usually considered to be part of chemistry rather than physics. and can loosely be described as a 'clockwork' view of the universe . Give the 2 division of natural sciences There are several ways of broadly categorizing the sciences. especially heat. there is a strong link between physics and chemistry.Celestial mechanics. the study of the physical properties of celestial bodies. such as. planets. which grew in part from Maxwell's work. Quantum Mechanics is concerned with the discrete. position and momentum. 3. time. was the first proving ground for Newton's laws of motion. and comets. in principle. to study changes in physical form that take place.g. Changes of state due to heat are studied in the branch of physics called thermodynamics. which introduced the notion of uncertainty in the simultaneous observations of certain quantities. Modern physics is concerned with the structure and behaviour of individual atoms and their components. and with the complementary aspects of particles and waves in the description of such phenomena. During the last two centuries. e. and two major theories of modern physics present a different picture of these concepts from that of classical physics. for example. In the 20th century physics and astronomy have become more intimately linked through cosmological theories. technology is the application of applied science. The distinction between physics and chemistry is somewhat arbitrary since ideas from physics are routinely used in chemistry. . nebulas. be predicted to arbitrary precision using Newtonian mechanics.galaxies. Pure science is systematic study of natural or physical phenomena by observation and experiment. for example. Chemists are more interested in the specific properties of different elements and compounds.g. who provided a physical explanation of the motions of celestial bodies. commonsense notions of space. Until the 18th century. e. nature of many phenomena at the atomic and subatomic level. when a liquid freezes and becomes a solid. Physics was extended in the 19th century.

mass and charge.Exact sciences are those which typically require precise measurements. such as physics. computers and home appliances etc. creating theories that are tested against observations. Advances can be the result of research by teams of specialists representing different sciences. It is an experimental science.. However. there are interconnections and cross-fertilizations. have been created as a result. The major physical sciences are physics. . both pure and applied. such as biochemistry. with a goal of understanding how the universe behaves and it is about this that those involved often do get genuinely excited. advances in physics often translate to the technological sector and therefore have commercial benefits. advances in the understanding of electromagnetism have led to the widespread use of electrically driven devices like televisions. Several interdisciplinary sciences. Scope of physics Physics is the science of matter and its motion. force. the main biological sciences are botany and zoology. astronomy. chemistry. and to a lesser degree. and advances in thermodynamics led to the development of motorised transport. Descriptive sciences are those which are more oriented towards classification and description. These interrelationships are often responsible for much of the progress today in several specialized fields of research. both of which can be subdivided. Broadly speaking. 4. For example. as well as space and time using concepts such as energy. such as biology and paleontology. but rather. The sciences aren't distinct and independent from each other. such as molecular and genetics. physics is the scientific analysis of nature itself. The pure natural sciences are typically divided into the physical sciences and the biological sciences. chemistry. and geology.

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