Assigned by: PRACHI MANJREKAR 1 Asian market

ASIAN MARKET In a global economy, there are plenty of opportunities to invest outside of North America and Europe. Asia, in particular, offers a host of opportunities. Also, it is home to robust financial markets representing trillions of dollars. Any market that large is bound to offer some interesting investment opportunities. (Emerging markets like India are fast becoming engines for future growth. Find out how to get in on the ground floor. The regions of Asia are divided into developed and developing economies.

A branch of economics that focuses on improving the economies of developing countries. Development economics considers how to promote economic growth in such countries by improving factors like health, education, working conditions, domestic and international policies and market conditions. It examines both macroeconomic and microeconomic factors relating to the structure of a developing economy and how that economy can create effective domestic and international growth INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Development economics seeks to determine how poor countries can be transformed into prosperous ones. Strategies for transforming a developing economy tend to be unique, because the social and political background of countries can vary dramatically. Some prominent development economists include Jeffrey Sachs, Hernando de Soto Polar, and Nobel laureates Simon Kuznets, Amartya Sen and Joseph Stieglitz. The highly developed countries include Japan and the four countries often referred to as the Asian Tigers - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan. Major players among the other powerhouses include Russia, China, India and Malaysia. These other nations are major economic forces, but academics often debate whether or not they can be classified as "developed". Malaysia, for example, is a major source of scientific innovations, yet fails to be fully recognized as a developed nation. ASIA'S DEVELOPMENT Historically, while the Asian markets have had stock exchanges for more than 100 years, they did not rise to prominence until after World War II. Japan set the pace with protectionist policies, and a strong central-government-led development effort that turned the country into an exporting powerhouse. In time, its neighbors soon took notice of the trend. A host of other nations, including Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, India and China, began a period of rapid industrialization in the early 1960s that continued through the 21st Century. These nations entered the global marketplace by exporting mass-produced products and then, over time, many of them evolved their efforts to enter the high-tech arena. With the injection of large amounts of foreign investment capital, the Asian Tiger economies grew substantially between the late 1980s and early- to mid-1990s. Cross-industry growth continued until 1997 when Asia was struck with the financial crisis. The main cause of the Asian financial crisis was the collapse of the Thai baht which was ineffectively pegged to the U.S. dollar, as Thailand accumulated an excessive debt burden. Although many other regions such as China were less affected, Asia's economic growth

S. For example. The wide variety of financial products available through retail banks is also more common in developed countries outside Asia. Asian markets are less likely to do the same type of capital restructuring that is common in America. These funds run the gamut from regional to country specific. Bond markets. these economies have recovered. The operating differences and regulatory differences all serve as reminders of the need for investors to conduct research and give careful consideration to any investment before adding it to their portfolios. there are numerous mutual funds and Asia-specific exchange-traded funds (ETFs) available. exciting region. China. Since the late 1990s. DIFFERENT THAN WESTERN DEVELOPED MARKETS Asian financial markets. dollars. For investors who prefer to delegate research and trading responsibilities to professional money managers. (Brazil is well positioned for future growth. Putting a portion of your portfolio in Asia can help fill your portfolio's allocation to international investments. Gross domestic product is rising in these nations and so are the investment opportunities.Assigned by: PRACHI MANJREKAR 2 Asian market experienced major setbacks. and investors are taking notice. with leveraged buyouts and similar maneuvers being exceptions rather than the rule. biotechnology and aerospace research fields. Regulatory reforms in Asian financial markets also lag Western markets. foreign firms listed on the New York Stock Exchange as ADRs give investors the opportunity to put their money into such internationally known brands as Honda (NYSE:HMC). South Korea is one of the world leaders in the robotics. Indonesia and Malaysia are exporting powerhouses. Double-digit stock market returns have left Western markets in the dust over the past decade. Asian Flavor for Your Portfolio At the end of 2010. as the country has become a technology powerhouse. particularly within developing economies. are still generally less mature and less regulated than markets in America or Europe. index trackers to sector-specific stock selectors and offer an inexpensive and easy way to benefit from diversification and professional management. American Depository Receipts (ADRs) provided an excellent way to buy shares in a foreign company while realizing any dividends and capital gains in U. Thailand. For those who prefer the do-it-yourself method. China and India are following suite. the Asian economies were still booming. and luckily for investors. Investing is Asia provide access to a significant portion of the world's stock markets in a fastgrowing. OPPORTUNITY: HOW INVESTORS CAN GET IN The development of Asia and the cross-border flow of capital globally present a host of opportunities for investors.S. . With a high emphasis on education. as bank financing is much more common than financing via the issuance of corporate debt. and political factors can play a role. it also has a very liberal investing climate. in particular. ADRs are negotiable certificates issued by a U. bank representing a specified number of shares (or one share) in a foreign stock that is traded on a U. Mitsubishi (NYSE:MTU) and Sony (NYSE:SNE). Hitachi (NYSE:HIT).S. South Korea. Korea is a prime example of a country that emerged from the turmoil to become a dominant player in international markets. particularly in less developed economies where government intervention can be heavy. are often underdeveloped. as they work their way through the same development process. exchange. On the equity side.

88 -112.650.33 0.68 3106.60 5.107.85 -75.16 1.89 -0.55 .81 3.76 -0.Assigned by: PRACHI MANJREKAR 3 Asian market Indices Country Date Index Net Change Change % Hang Seng Straits Times KOSPI Nasdaq DJIA S&P 500 Nikkei 225 FTSE 100 CAC 40 DAX Hong Kong Singapore South Korea United States United States United States Japan United Kingdom France Germany 20-Jul-11 20-Jul-11 20-Jul-11 19-Jul-11 19-Jul-11 19-Jul-11 19-Jul-11 18-Jul-11 18-Jul-11 18-Jul-11 22005.51 2.71 7.04 -1.44 10022.33 -0.26 2.55 -2.47 0.34 -1.11 12.69 -94.70 -90.132.81 1.752.57 -10.20 6.765.92 -24.77 0.305.385.