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GROUNDWATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

Background Existing
Groundwater Use
General Theory
In BANDUNG
Associated
Issues Recommendation
Problem

Background
General Information Population Local Economic Condition
Ø Bandung River basin is one of the biggest Trade 31.91%
river basins on the Java Island 10,000 Bandung Industry 30.85%
Ø Bandung Basin covers four administrative 9,000
8,000
City Transportation 11.64%
areas : Bandung Regency. Sumedang 7,000 Service 10.79%
Regency, Bandung City, and Cimahi City 6,000
Industry 53.66%
Ø The main river : Citarum River 5,000
Bandung
4,000 Trade 17.41%
Total area is 2,340.88 km 2 Regency
3,000
Agriculture 9.53%
Main source of drinking water, agriculture 2,000
1,000 Industry 68.08%
and fisheries -
2003 2008 2013 2018 2025 Trade 15.19%
Cimahi
Electric & Water
4.28%
Population projection of Bandung Metropolitan: supply
Agriculture 33.56%
Trade 26.19%
Sumedang
Industry 16.91%

Cimahi City
Sumedang Regency
Service 10.51%

The main local economic activities of Bandung


General theory
Metropolitan Area:
Bandung Regency
• Using integrated water resources management between groundwater basin and river
Bandung City basin to manage groundwater resources
• Decentralization, empowering local government to manage groundwater resources
• Enacting the law and regulation of groundwater extraction, preservation and
protection
Map of Bandung Basin Densely populated BMA
• Shifting the role and function of government from provider to enabler of water supply
• Changing the pattern of development and management water resources from
Government centrist to Private-Public Participation
• Changing the government service from bureaucratic-normative to responsive-flexible
Water Potency, Demand and Use
• Changing the government policy from top-down to bottom up
Ø Water potency of Bandung River basin
- Surface water : 1.71 billion m3
- Spring water : 87.86 million m 3
- Ground water : 79.60 million m 3
Ø In 2005, water used by industrial sector was 234
million m3
Ø Industries demand : increasing 10% per years
Ø Population projection of Bandung Metropolitan area in
2025 is 9.7 million people
Ø The population need of water in 2025 is 706 million m 3

Textile industry in Bandung Hydrological Cycle

Existing groundwater use Associated problem


1. Water table depletion 2. Land subsidence 3. Deterioration groundwater
Wet industry domination
Lack of infrastructure (textiles)
There is no specific quality
institution providing raw
for supplying surface
water for industry
water from WSE

The Increase of
groundwater demand Groundwater
Using groundwater inexpensive than other
source water sources

The speed of groundwater depletion


INDUSTRY DOMESTIC (1995-
(1995-2004)
• Land subsidence was most Based on laboratory test in 2005,
- Mid-
Mid-level aquifer : 0.12 to 8.76 m/ year various location in the Bandung basin
severe in industrial area:
- Deep-
Deep-level aquifer : 1.44 to 12.48 m/year
reached 24 cm/year revealed that 78% from 50 samples
• It results from the increase did not meet the standard and 70%
industrial activities & settlements exceeded the fecal coliform (bacteria)
standard
• Figure : Numbers for boreholes
vs abstraction period 1900-2004
• The tendency of increasing
groundwater demand
Issues
• Figure : Percentage dependency on • Figure : Projection of groundwater
groundwater use in industry abstraction for domestic use (1993-
activities 2000)
• Average Groundwater use : 52.07%. • Continue to increase
• Continue to increase

Decentralization Issue in Groundwater Management:


· Following the decentralizations policy of the Indonesian

Recommendation

Referrence:
· Danaryanto, H. et al. 2004. Groundwater Management in Indonesia. Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources.

Eri Hatinlahiry (1623338) . Tetty Meutia (1671197) . Fitriani (1624598) . Yosep M Holis(1623257). Dini Danial S (1623249) . Akhdiyat Purbo N (1624628)
Faculty of Spatial Sciences, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
2007