# Title of Unit

**Quadratic Equations Characteristics and Solving
**

Mathematics Algebra II

Grade Level Time Frame

10th and 11th Grade

Curriculum Area

2 weeks

**Stage 1 Identify Desired Results
**

Content Standards:

MM2A4. Students will solve quadratic equations and inequalities in one variable. a. Solve equations graphically using appropriate technology. b. Find real and complex solutions of equations by factoring, taking square roots, and applying the quadratic formula.

Understandings

Students will understand that: y y y y Quadratic equations can be solved graphically and/or algebraically There is a reason why you have real and complex roots Quadratic equations are an essential part of the banking system within the United States and around the world. There are various important uses for quadratic equations

Related Misconceptions:

y y y

Solving quadratic equations are very difficult to accomplish. There is no way to tell if the roots of a quadratic equation is suppose to be real or complex. Quadratic equations have no relevance in real world application.

Essential Questions

How to utilize the taking square roots
Skills
Students will be able to: y y y y Solve a quadratic equation and inequality graphically. How to describe the roots to a quadratic equation How to describe the solution to a quadratic inequality How to utilize the quadratic formula. quadratic formula. Apply appropriate methods (completing the square. determinant. Solve a quadratic equation and inequality algebraically. factorization. bussing the b factoring. Calculate interest on an amount
y y y y y y
y
. completing the square. and taking square roots) to solve a quadratic equation algebraically. How to find the roots of a quadratic equation. How to utilize the quadratic formula.Real and complex roots.Overarching Questions: To what extent are quadratic equations used in real world applications? Why do complex roots exist within quadratic equations? How many possible roots can a quadratic equation have? Are there other possible ways for solving a quadratic equation?
Topical Questions: What are the methods for solving quadratic equations graphically? What are the methods for solving quadratic equations algebraically? What are the methods for solving quadratic inequalities? Are the methods for solving quadratic inequalities and quadratic equations similar? How can the solution of quadratic inequalities be described with linear inequalities?
Knowledge and Skills Knowledge
Students will know: y Key Terms . How to determine and interpret the discriminant.

The construction team has estimated that the cost of the building project is $2. The Board of Directors stated the company has committed a principle of $750.000.00% + 1% bonus matching at the end of each year. (Application) Audience: You need to convince the Board of Directors of how to proceed with financing the building project (Perspective). Product Performance and Purpose: You will need to prepare a professional presentation (Explanation) which will provide all of the necessary information for the Board of Directors to make an informed decision. StarTrust Bank: 2 Year CD: APY 3. Situation: This construction project must be completed in 2 years as the current lease on the building will expire in 2 years. The principle will be placed into a Certificate of Deposit in hopes that enough interest can be made to pay for the building project in 2 years (Empathy). The company is doing well financially and The Board of Directors has decided to construct a new office building.000.
Stage 2 Assessment Evidence Performance Task The Construction Project
Goal & Role: You are in charge of the financial team at Mipro Inc. The following are the bank rates and promotions on Certificate of Deposits(Interpretation): Discovery Bank: 2 Year CD: APY: 2. Your presentation must be in Microsoft Powerpoint and must include all performed calculations. Your job is to prepare a report detailing which bank s Certificate of Deposit. How to apply quadratic equations to real life applications. If you find that neither bank will be sufficient. if any. The following formula is used to calculate the interest on a Certificate of Deposit: Principle * (1+APY)2 = Future Amount Standards and Criteria for Success: Your presentation will be judged by 5 of your classmates
.000 for the building project and would like to not invest anymore.y
method. then you must provide what criteria the company should be looking for in a Certificate of Deposit that will be sufficient for the building project (Self-Knowledge).
of money using quadratic equations. will be most beneficial to the company. Capitol Two Bank: 2 Year CD: APY 2.76% + 20% bonus matching at the end of the 2nd year.85% + 5% bonus matching at the end of the 2nd year.

Problem Solving : The Construction Project
Teacher Name: Mr. 1 Explanation shows very limited understanding of the underlying concepts needed to solve the problem(s) OR is not written. Maxwell
Student Name: CATEGORY Mathematical Concepts
________________________________________ 4 Explanation shows complete understanding of the mathematical concepts used to solve the problem(s).chosen at random. The remaining 80% will come from the rubrics associated with the tasks. Rarely uses an effective strategy to solve problems.
Typically. Explanation is difficult to understand and is missing several components OR was not included. uses an efficient and effective strategy to solve the problem(s). 2 Explanation shows some understanding of the mathematical concepts needed to solve the problem(s).
Performance Task Rubric
Math .
Explanation
Explanation is detailed and clear.
Explanation is clear. Sometimes uses an effective strategy to solve problems. but does not do it consistently. 3 Explanation shows substantial understanding of the mathematical concepts used to solve the problem(s).
Strategy/Procedur es
Typically. uses an effective strategy to solve the problem(s). Their scores will make up 20% of the final grade in the class. but includes critical components. A successful presentation will score at minimum an 80%.
Explanation is a little difficult to understand. Any presentation with a score less than 80% will be required to repeat the presentation.
.

clear. spelling or usage that distract the reader. making it easy to understand what was done.
The work is presented in a neat and organized fashion that is usually easy to read.Neatness and Organization
Completion
The work is presented in a neat. spelling.80 = _____
4 Presentation was excellent 3 Presentation was very good 2 Presentation was satisfactory 1 Presentation was poor
Total Peer Evaluation = ____ / 20 * .
More than 75% of the steps and solutions have mathematical errors. Very Little of the formatting requirements have been satisfied
There is little use.
Mathematical Terminology and Notation
Correct terminology and notation are always used. No errors found in grammar. Required format used
Mathematical Errors
PowerPoint Presentation
Correct terminology and notation are usually used. All problems are completed. Almost all (8589%) of the steps and solutions have no mathematical errors. organized fashion that is easy to read. making it fairly easy to understand what was done. spelling or usage that distract the reader. A significant amount of errors found in grammar.20 = _____ Total Score: ______
. Most of the formatting requirements have been satisfied
Correct terminology and notation are used. A few errors found in grammar. It is hard to know what information goes together. All but one of the problems are completed. Most (75-84%) of the steps and solutions have no mathematical errors.
Required format has not been used
Total Teacher Evaluation = ___ / 28 * . All but two of the problems are completed. spelling or usage that distract the reader. but it is sometimes not easy to understand what was done. Numerous errors found in grammar.
The work is presented in an organized fashion but may be hard to read at times. or a lot of inappropriate use. Several of the problems are not completed. of terminology and notation.
The work appears sloppy and unorganized. 90-100% of the steps and solutions have no mathematical errors. or usage that distracts the reader.

Students will provide a one page written summary of each guest speaker s discussion about real life applications of quadratic equations (Perspective). covering the previous lesson. E
. work samples. W y Direct student to Video Podcast on Characteristics of Quadratic Equations Part 1 to teach students about the Vertex and Axis of Symmetry. Students will open an in-class savings account and will calculate compound interest earned using a quadratic equation (Application). W. At the conclusion of the semester. Students will complete online quiz. At the conclusion of the semester. each student will send an e-mail to next year s math teacher to discuss what they learned within the class and to find out how their knowledge will be utilized within the next class.g. observations)
y y y y y y
Students will take examinations regarding solving quadratic equations. Students will be required to work out and explain homework problems on the board during class (Explanation). tests. students will be asked to complete an evaluation tool to assess their feeling about the current math class and ability to perform adequately in the next level math class. Students will keep a journal and write about the math class during the last 5 minutes of each class. quizzes.
Student Self-Assessment and Reflection y y y y
Each examination will have a section for students to discuss their accomplishments and weaknesses on the examination.Other Evidence
(e. Students will work groups solving quadratic equations and provide explanations of solutions to the class (Explanation).
Stage 3: Plan Learning Experiences Week 1
y Begin with each student taking the Pre-Test to gain insight into current knowledge base.

E y Practice factoring method of quadratic equations. E2.webgraphing. O y Direct student to Video Podcast on Characteristics of Quadratic Equations Part 2 to teach students about the Domain and Range.com/graphit/ E y Have students practice finding the vertex and Axis of Symmetry of a quadratic equation.com/quadraticequation_quadraticformula. solving quadratic equations graphically using a worksheet. y Have students practice solving quadratic equations graphically using a worksheet. E y Give a quiz on finding axis of symmetry and Vertex. R y Follow-up: Review Axis of Symmetry and Vertex Characteristics.y Display and utilize online graphing calculator to reinforce Podcast lesson: http://www. R y Demonstrate the use of the Quadratic Equation Solver: http://www. E2. E2.com/graphit/ E y Have students practice finding the domain and range of problems. using factoring
.coolmath. E y Display and utilize online graphing calculator to reinforce Podcast lesson: http://www. W. O y Have student post solutions to characteristics of quadratic equation problems via online mechanism and have peer review sessions.com/mmts/miscellaneousMath/quadraticRealSolver/quadraticReal Solver. E-2 y Direct students to Practice Problem 1 and Practice Problem 2 Podcast for practical application of solving quadratic equations. R.O. W. E-2
Week 2
y Follow-up: Review Definition and graph of a Quadratic Equation.jsp
E
y Demonstrate the use of the The Quadratic Solver: http://zonalandeducation. y Direct students to Video Podcast on Solving Quadratic Equations.R y Give online quiz on Characteristics of Quadratic Equations.html E y Give an online quiz on solving quadratic equations algebraically. O y Conduct online tutoring session W.coolmath. E2.

. O y Have students present solutions to real world problem. R.O y Follow-up: Ask students about the process of solving linear inequalities.O y Have banker webcast with students to discuss the importance of quadratic equation within the banking system and to present real world problem to be solved by students (from Stage 2) E-2.T. E2
Week 3
y Follow-up: Review solving quadratic equations algebraically. W y Follow-up: Review solving linear inequalities. R. and graphically.and the quadratic formula methods.