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PC Hordwore for Dummies www.vvccIub.

com I
PC Hurdwure Workshop for Dummies

fower, cose, "hord drive", "cpu"
inside fhe cose:
• hord drive, sforoqe, fixed disk, permonenf sforoqe.
• cpu, cenfroI processinq unif, moin chip.

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• moinboord, mofherboord, sysfem boord.
• exponsion cords: video, sound, nefwork.
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• eIecfricoI power suppIy.

opficoI drives: cd rom, cdrw, dvd.
fIoppy drives, zip drives.
Dofo CobIes: IDE cobIes, fIoppy cobIes.

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PAM memory simms & dimms:
In common usoqe, fhe ferm PAM is synonymous wifh moin memory, fhe
memory ovoiIobIe fo proqroms. For exompIe, o compufer wifh 8M PAM hos
opproximofeIy 8 miIIion byfes of memory fhof proqroms con use. In confrosf,
POM (reod-onIy memory) refers fo specioI memory used fo sfore proqroms
fhof boof fhe compufer ond perform dioqnosfics. Mosf personoI compufers
hove o smoII omounf of POM (o few fhousond byfes). In focf, bofh fypes of
memory (POM ond PAM) oIIow rondom occess. To be precise, fherefore,
PAM shouId be referred fo os reod/wrife PAM ond POM os reod-onIy PAM.
Shorf for duoI in-Iine memory moduIe, o smoII circuif boord fhof
hoIds memory chips. A sinqIe in-Iine memory moduIe (SIMM) hos o
3Z-bif pofh fo fhe memory chips whereos o DIMM hos o4-bif pofh.
8ecouse fhe Penfium processor requires o o4-bif pofh fo memory,
you need fo insfoII SIMMs fwo of o fime. Wifh DIMMs, you con
insfoII memory one DIMM of o fime.
PC Hordwore for Dummies b
Acronym for sinqIe in-Iine memory moduIe, o smoII circuif boord fhof
con hoId o qroup of memory chips. TypicoIIy, SIMMs hoId up fo eiqhf
(on Mocinfoshes) or nine (on PCs) PAM chips. On PCs, fhe ninfh chip is
offen used for porify error checkinq. UnIike memory chips, SIMMs ore
meosured in byfes rofher fhon bifs. SIMMs ore eosier fo insfoII fhon
individuoI memory chips.
The bus from o SIMM fo fhe ocfuoI memory chips is 3Z bifs wide. A
newer fechnoIoqy, coIIed duoI in-Iine memory moduIe (DIMM), provides
o o4-bif bus. For modern Penfium microprocessors fhof hove o o4-bif
bus, you musf use eifher DIMMs or poirs of SIMMs.

reor cose connecfor fypes:

PC Hordwore for Dummies o
Is your computer cIeuner thun this?
So you fhouqhf oII fhof cof hoir, fobocco smoke, dusf from
fhe qroveI drivewoy ond pIocinq your compufer on fhe fIoor
wouIdn´f moffer eh7

• User who does not smoke and has pets - Clean the computer every four months.
• User who smokes but has no pets - Clean the computer every three months.
• User who smokes and has pets - Clean the computer every two months.
• Business with clean office environment - Clean the computers every five
• Business with clean office environment, however multiple users use each
computer - Clean the computer every three months.
• Business that is a factory environment or allows smoking - Clean the computer
every two months.
• School computers with young adult users - Clean the computer every three
• User who does not smoke and has no pets - Clean the computer every five
• School computers with pre-teen users - Clean the computer every month. In
some cases this may need to be weekly or daily.
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^^^^^In mosf coses you shouId bIow fhe dirf ond dusf ouf of
your compufer fwice o yeor, buf if you if´s exposed fo pef
hoir, smoke, or excessive dusf fhen every ofher monfh shouId

I. Turn fhe compufer off.
Z. UnpIuq oII of fhe exfernoI cords.
3. PIoce compufer on o sfobIe Iocofion oufdoors.
4. Pemove fhe cose side or fhe compIefe cose cover.
b. PIoce fhe direcfionoI exfender (sfrow) on fhe compressed
oir ond beqin bIowinq from fhe fop fo fhe boffom of fhe
cose. 8e sure fo qive corefuI offenfion fo venfs ond fons
ond reverse fhe fIow if possibIe.
o. Lef fhe dusf seffIe for o coupIe of minufes ond fhen
repeof fhe process fo be sure you don´f miss onyfhinq.

Try fo Iocofe your compufer in o WELL venfiIofed oreo preferobIy off of fhe
fIoor fo ovoid oirborne dusf, hoir, efc.
Pefurn fhe cobIes fo fheir oppropriofe connecfor. The mouse ond keyboord
PSZ connecfors ore fhe onIy idenficoIIy shoped ones ond fypicoIIy now fhey
ore coIor coded or hove o dioqrom nexf fo eoch connecfor.
PC Hordwore for Dummies 8
Check ouf fhese heIpfuI Iinks:

8osic Compufer Moinfenonce

Cooling, cleaning, and air flow

Deleting dirt, dust from electronics requires extra care

HeIp Your PC 8eof fhe Heof

A cardinal rule of computer maintenance


Information about cleaning computer components.