43. The decisions of the United States Supreme Court in Schenck v. United States (1919) and Korematsu v.

United States (1944) show that civil liberties are 1. considered more important than 3. affected by state laws military goals 2. not guaranteed to immigrants 4. limited in certain situations

44. Base your answer on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies. "Korematsu was not excluded from the military area because of hostility to him or his race. He was excluded because we are at war with the Japanese Empire, because the ... authorities feared an invasion of our West Coast and felt constrained to take proper security measures." --Justice Hugo Black Korematsu v. United States, 1944 Which generalization is supported by this quotation? 1. Individual rights need to be 3. Individual rights can be restricted maintained in national emergencies. under certain circumstances. 2. The Supreme Court lacks the 4. Only the Supreme Court can alter power to block presidential actions the constitutional rights of American taken during wartime. citizens.

45. The United States Supreme Court decision in Korematsu v. United States (1944) concerned 1. restricting freedom of the press 3. limiting civil liberties during wartime 2. the president's right to use atomic 4. the right of women to serve in weapons military combat

46. In the 1944 case Korematsu v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that wartime conditions justified the

1. use of women in military combat 2. ban against strikes by workers

3. limitations placed on civil liberties 4. reduction in the powers of the president

47. Which wartime policy toward Japanese Americans was upheld by the Supreme Court in its 1944 ruling in Korematsu v. United States? 1. deportation to Japan 3. denial of voting rights 2. mandatory military service 4. confinement in internment camps

48. The rulings of the supreme Court in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857), Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), and Korematsu v. United States (1944) all demonstrated that the Supreme Court has 1. continued to extend voting rights to 3. sometimes failed to protect the minorities rights of minorities 2. protected itself from internal 4. often imposed restrictions on free dissent speech during wartime

49. The decision of the Supreme Court in Korematsu v.United States (1944) upheld the power of the president during wartime to 1. ban terrorists from entering the 3. stop mistreatment of resident legal country aliens 2. limit a group's civil liberties 4. deport persons who work for enemy nations

50. In Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court said that the removal of Japanese Americans from their homes was constitutional because

1. most Japanese Americans were not United States citizens 2. many Japanese Americans refused to serve in the United States Armed Forces

3. this type of action was necessary during a national emergency 4. there was strong evidence of significant Japanese sabotage on the West Coast