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New Deal 1. President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society is similar to President Franklin D.

Roosevelt's New Deal in that both programs 1. sought ratification of the Equal 3. supported federal funding of Rights Amendment to guarantee programs for the poor equality for women 2. advocated passage of civil rights 4. approved efforts by states to reduce laws to help African Americans taxes for the middle class

13. A major result of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal was 1. a decline in the Federal deficit 3. a change in the voting rights of women 2. an expansion of the power of the 4. a reinstitution of the gold standard Federal Government for United States currency

14. During President Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term, what was the greatest obstacle to his New Deal programs? 1. decisions of the United States 3. opposition of labor unions Supreme Court, declaring some legislation unconstitutional 2. lack of support from the American 4. refusal of Congress to pass most of voters the bills favored by the President

15. During the New Deal, the federal government attempted to improve the farm economy by 1. reducing the production of 3. raising tariffs to reduce foreign agricultural goods competition 2. opening up more land for 4. lowering property taxes on homesteaders farmland

16. What is one lasting effect of the New Deal?

1. Organized labor continues to grow 3. Women have finally attained equal in size and influence economic status 2. Many government programs started 4. The Republican Party has in the 1930s continue in the 1990s continued to control the national government since the 1930s

17. The effectiveness of the New Deal in ending the Great Depression is difficult to measure because 1. President Franklin D. Roosevelt 3. the Supreme Court declared most died during his fourth term New Deal laws unconstitutional 2. United States involvement in 4. later Presidents failed to support World War II rapidly accelerated most New Deal reforms economic growth

18. Which groups were most helped by the Wagner Act and the Fair Labor Standards Act, passed during the New Deal? 1. workers and labor unions 3. large businesses and corporations 2. stockbrokers and investors 4. farmers and landowners

19. During the New Deal, the main purpose of the Agricultural Adjustment Acts was to 1. stimulate farm production to 3. produce a farm surplus for export provide food for unemployed city to foreign countries workers 2. assist farmers in relocating to 4. increase farm income by towns and cities controlling production

20. During the New Deal, the Federal Government attempted to improve conditions for farmers by

1. ending the practice of sharecropping 2. supporting the formation of farmworker unions

3. raising tariffs on farm imports 4. paying farmers to take land out of production

21. Most conservatives who opposed President Franklin D. Roosevelt's policies believed that the New Deal was 1. endangering the free enterprise 3. ignoring problems faced by rural system Americans 2. threatening national security 4. failing to enact needed social welfare reforms

22. Which aspect of the New Deal programs was most clearly a continuation of Progressive Era policies? 1. government regulation of business 3. free health care for all Americans activities 2. restoration of the cultural and tribal 4. government purchase of surplus traditions of Native American Indians farm products

23. The New Deal changed political thinking in the United States because it supported the idea that the 1. rights of workers are less important 3. government should become more than the interests of business involved in the social and economic life of the people 2. Supreme Court should have an 4. president's foreign policy is more important role to play in the economy important than his domestic policy

24. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's response to Supreme Court decisions that declared several New Deal laws unconstitutional was to

1. ask Congress to limit the Court's 3. demand the resignation of several jurisdiction justices 2. propose legislation to increase the 4. ignore the Court's rulings size of the Court

25. Which statement best illustrates a basic idea of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal? 1. Communism provides the only real 3. The United States reached its solution to economic problems. economic peak in the 1920s and is now a declining industrial power. 2. Unemployed workers should rely 4. The economy sometimes needs on the states rather than on the federal public money to encourage business government for help. activity.

26. Much of the domestic legislation of the New Deal period was based on the idea that the federal government should 1. favor big business over labor and 3. own and operate the major farming industries of the country 2. assume some responsibility for the 4. require local communities to be welfare of people responsible for social welfare programs

27. Base your answer on the accompanying cartoon and on your knowledge of social studies. The main idea of the cartoon is that the New Deal

1. threatens the Constitution and the American people 2. threatens the two-party political system

3. provides American citizens with greater political freedom 4. provides protection from foreign tyranny

28. One result of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal was that it 1. raised the national debt 3. deregulated the stock market 2. weakened labor unions 4. repealed federal antitrust laws

29. The power of labor unions increased during the New Deal mainly because 1. a new sprit of cooperation existed 3. management changed its attitude between employers and government toward organized labor 2. a shortage of skilled and unskilled 4. Federal legislator guarded labor's laborers developed right to organize and bargain collectively

30. The decline of Progressivism during World War I and of the New Deal at the start of World War II shows that

1. the problems these movements faced were effectively solved 2. domestic programs may be overshadowed by wartime priorities

3. balanced budgets are more important to the public than social reforms 4. Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt lacked the leadership to continue these movements

31. Many opponents of New Deal programs claimed that these programs violated the American tradition of 1. welfare capitalism 3. collective bargaining 2. governmental regulation of 4. individual responsibility business

32. A major long-term result of the New Deal was that 1. state governments increased their 3. the executive branch gave up much powers of taxation of its decisionmaking power to Congress 2. the government established a 4. Congress was required to balance 'safety net' to protect the poor the federal budget before instituting new programs

33. Critics charged that New Deal policies favored socialism because the federal government 1. took ownership of most major 3. increased its responsibility for the industries welfare of the economy 2. favored farmers over workers and 4. declined to prosecute business business owners monopolies

34. New Deal programs such as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) were primarily intended to help

1. farmers 2. homeowners

3. businesses 4. unemployed workers

35. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), established during the New Deal, were important because they 1. increased the supply of money in 3. attempted to restore public the economy confidence in financialinstitutions 2. guaranteed loans to failing 4. provided grants to unemployed businesses and banks workers

36. The New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the United States economy by 1. restoring the principle of a 3. encouraging greater production of balanced budget agricultural goods 2. expanding the trustbusting 4. increasing government involvement practices of Progressive Era with both business and labor presidents

37. "The age of Franklin D. Roosevelt set the agenda for the postwar era. Long after Roosevelt was gone, New Deal ideas shaped policies." Which statement best supports the idea expressed in this quotation? 1. The government continues to have 3. The Presidency has been controlled a major role in economic affairs. by the Democratic party since the New Deal. 2. The military has as many troops 4. The President continues to have today as it did in World War II. limited powers in foreign affairs.