User’s Manual 11N Wireless LAN Broadband Router Model No.

: SP916GN

http://www.micronet.info

Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction................................................................................. 1 1.1 Package Contents .......................................................................................... 1 1.2 Key Features ................................................................................................. 1 1.3 Safety Information ........................................................................................ 2 1.4 System Requirements.................................................................................... 3 1.5 Specifications................................................................................................ 3 Chapter 2 Tour of Product........................................................................... 5 2.1 Front Panel .................................................................................................... 5 2.2 Back Panel..................................................................................................... 5 Chapter 3 Hardware and Network Setup.................................................... 7 3.1 Build Network Connection ........................................................................... 7 3.2 Connecting to Web-Based Management ...................................................... 8
3.2.1 IP Address Configuration .................................................................................8 3.2.2 Router’s IP Address ........................................................................................13 3.2.3 Starting Web-Based Management UI ..........................................................14

Chapter 4 Web-Based Management UI .................................................... 16 4.1 Quick Setup Wizard.................................................................................... 16 4.2 General Setup.............................................................................................. 24
4.2.1 System ..............................................................................................................24 4.2.2 WAN ..................................................................................................................27 4.2.3 LAN....................................................................................................................29 4.2.4 Wireless ............................................................................................................32 4.2.5 QoS....................................................................................................................47 4.2.6 NAT....................................................................................................................50 4.2.7 Firewall..............................................................................................................55

4.3 Status........................................................................................................... 62
4.3.1 System Information .........................................................................................62 4.3.2 Internet Connection Status ............................................................................63 4.3.3 Device Status ...................................................................................................63

4.3.4 System Log ......................................................................................................64 4.3.5 Security Log .....................................................................................................65 4.3.6 Active DHCP Client .........................................................................................66 4.3.7 Statistics............................................................................................................67

4.4 Configuration Backup and Restore............................................................. 67 4.5 Firmware Upgrade ...................................................................................... 68 4.6 System Reset ............................................................................................... 69 Chapter 5 Troubleshoot............................................................................. 70 Chapter 6 Glossary .................................................................................... 72

which uses 1T2R (1 transceiver.2 Key Features High Internet Access throughput (Up to 150Mbps) Allow multiple users to share a single Internet line Supports up to 253 users Access private LAN servers from the internet Four wired LAN ports (10/100M) and one WAN port (10/100M) 1 .Chapter 1 Introduction Micronet SP916GN. delivers next generation wireless solution of high speed and cost-efficient network. The router supports MIMO (Multi-In. The router is compliant with IEEE 802. 2 receiver) to enhance data rate and wireless coverage.1 Package Contents Prior to the installation of the device. damaged. The router allows multiple wireless devices to share the single Internet connection via xDSL or Cable connection. 11n Wireless Broadband Router. or if the unit does not work. It is a simple step for medium-sized business to migrate to efficient and high performance wireless network. the scope of the network can be easily expanded by connecting the router to a hub or switch. please verify the following items are in the package: SP916GN 11n WLAN Broadband Router Quick Installation Guide Manual CD Power Adapter Note: Contact your dealer immediately if any of the above items are missing.11 Draft-N and backward compatible with IEEE 802. Multi-Out) technology.11b/g. In addition. 1. 1.

Do not disassemble the router. DMZ. the warranty will be void. and in such cases. Virtual Servers. Do not put this router on paper. please contact the authorized dealer of purchase. are danger to small children under 3 years old. please make sure the router is firmly secured. Also. The router will become hot when being used for long time (This is normal and is not a malfunction). do not leave this router in the car in summer. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the router. If users want to place this router at high places.11b/g/Draft-N wireless LAN capability Support DHCP (Server/Client) for easy IP-address setup Advanced network and security features like: Special Applications. They may put the small parts in their nose or month and it could cause serious damage to them. Accessories of this router. Security Log and Device/Connection Status Easy to use Web-based GUI for network configuration and management purposes Remote management function allows configuration and upgrades from a remote computer (over the Internet) Auto MDI / MDI-X function for all wired Ethernet ports. Do not put this router at or near hot or humid places.Provides IEEE 802. If the router falls into water when it’s powered on. Falling from high places would damage the router and its accessories. please follow the following safety instructions: This router is designed for indoor use only.3 Safety Information In order to keep the safety of users. cloth or other flammable materials. do not use hands to pick it up. Firewall. Switch the electrical power off before doing anything. Access Control. or contact an experienced technician for help. Allow you to monitor the router’s status like: DHCP Client Log. 2 . If users found the router is not working properly. Do not pull any connected cable with force and disconnect it from the router first. otherwise warranty will be void. 1. System Log. like antenna and power supply.

PPTP) Auto MDI/MDI-X for wired Ethernet ports Supports QoS (WMM. remove the power supply or switch the electrical power off immediately.0 or above. or even see some smoke coming out from the router or power supply.If users smell something strange. WMM-PS and WMM-SA) WEP (64/128 bit) WPA.7 or above.11b/ 802.5 Specifications Standards Memory Interface Antenna MIMO Technology Transmit Power DHCP Advance Features IEEE802.11g / 802. WPA2 and WPA Radius Access Control List (MAC Addresses) Firewall (Anit-DoS) DHCP Client Log System Log Security Log Device/Connection Status Web-based Interface Remote Management Security Features Status Log Management 3 . and call authorized for help. Netscape Navigator 4. AC power socket (100 – 240V. Computer or network devices with wired or wireless network interface card. Web browsers (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.11 Draft-N Flash: 4MB SDRAM: 16MB WAN Port: 1 x Port 10/100Mbps UTP LAN Ports: 4 x Port 10/100Mbps UTP 2 x 3dBi Dipole Antenna 1T2R MIMO Technology 11b: 18dBm 11g: 15dBm 11n: 15dBm DHCP Server & Client NAT/NAPT DMZ Virtual Servers DDNS VPN Pass-Through (IPSec. Opera web browser or Safari web browser).4 System Requirements Internet connection provided by xDSL or cable modem with a RJ-45 Ethernet port. 1. 50/60Hz). 1.

CE 4 . 1A Switching Power Adapter 10-90% (Non-Condensing) 10 ~ 40°C FCC.Power Humidity Temperature Certification 12 V DC.

1 Front Panel Description Router is switched on Wireless network or WPS mode is On switched on WLAN Off Wireless network is switched off Wireless LAN activity (transferring Flashing or receiving). WAN/LAN port (Internet) is running On at 100Mbps WAN/LAN WAN/LAN port (Internet) is running Off 10/100M at 10Mbps WAN/LAN activity (transferring or Flashing receiving data) On WAN/LAN port is connected WAN/LAN Off WAN/LAN port is not connected LNK/ACT WAN/LAN activity (transferring or Flashing receiving) LED PWR Status On 2.Chapter 2 Tour of Product 2.2 Back Panel 5 .

LAN 1~4 WAN Local Area Network (LAN) ports for 1 to 4. If button Reset/WPS to reset settings than 5 seconds. Wide Area Network (WAN) for Internet connection. Press and hold this button for more than 10 seconds back to factory default.Parameter Antenna DC12V/1A Description Device contains two 3dBi dipole antennas. Power connector for connecting to power source. 6 . WPS mode will is pressed for less be initiated.

7 .1 Build Network Connection Please follow the following instruction to build the network connection between the new wireless router and other network computers and devices: Step 1.Chapter 3 Hardware and Network Setup 3. hub or PC using an Ethernet cable. Connect the 12V DC power adapter to an active outlet. Step 3. Step 2. Connect the xDSL / cable modem to the WAN port of router by Ethernet cable. router. Connect the LAN port to an active switch.

5. user’s computer must be able to get an IP address automatically (use dynamic IP address). select <Protocol> and click <Add> button. Click the Start button and select <Settings>. 8 . The Network window will appear. select <Microsoft> and <TCP/IP> then click the <OK> button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. 3. then follow instructions below to reconfigure it to ‘dynamic IP address’. In the Select Network Protocol dialog box.1 IP Address Configuration a) Windows 95/98/Me 1. If the PC is set to ‘static IP address’. go to step 6.Step 4. Windows CD may be needed to complete the installation. If TCP/IP is installed. click the <Add> button to install it. Before connecting to the router and start configuration procedures. In the Network Component Type dialog box. If TCP/IP is not installed. 4. Connect the adaptor to the 12V DC port on the back of the router.2. the next step is to setup the router with proper network parameters for the user’s network environment. 3.2 Connecting to Web-Based Management After the network connection is established. 2. Double-click on <Network> icon. then click <Control Panel>. 3. The Control Panel window will appear. Check the list of Network Components.

7. go back to the Network dialog box. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings: Bindings: Check Client for Microsoft Networks and File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks. In the Local Area Connection window. 3. double-click on <Local Area Connection> icon. IP Address: Select Obtain IP address automatically. The Control Panel window will appear. Double-click <Network and Dial-up Connections> icon. Reboot the PC. 2. Select <TCP/IP> from the list of Network Components and then click the <Properties> button. Click the <Start> button and select <Settings>. WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution. then click <Control Panel>.6. Gateway: All fields are blank. 10. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. 9 . The Local Area Connection window will appear. 9. In the Network and Dial-up Connection window. DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS. PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. After installing TCP/IP. 8. click the <Properties> button. b) Windows 2000 1.

select <Obtain an IP address automatically> and <Obtain DNS server address automatically> as shown on the following screen. 8. Select it and click the <Properties> button. 6. 10 . Check the list of Network Components. Users should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on the list. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window. Click the <Start> button and select <Settings>. Users should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on the list. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. The PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. 5. then click <Network Connections>. 7.4. The Local Area Connection window will appear. select <Obtain an IP address automatically> and <Obtain DNS server address automatically> as shown on the following screen. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window. Check the list of Network Components. 2. The Network connections window will appear. c) Windows XP 1. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. Double-click <Local Area Connection> icon. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. Select it and click the <Properties> button. 3. 4.

then click control panel. Right-click <Local Area Network>. select <Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP / IPv4)> and click <Properties>. PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. then select <Properties>. 11 .5. then click <Manage Network Connections>. 6. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. Click <View Network Status and Tasks>. Click <Start> button. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. Local Area Connection Properties window will appear. d) Windows Vista 1.

Select <Obtain an IP address automatically> and <Obtain DNS server address automatically>. 12 .2. then click <OK>.

Input ‘ipconfig’. the IP address of router is 192.2.168. 3. Please check the IP address followed by ‘Default Gateway’ (In this example.2.3.2 Router’s IP Address 1. then press ‘Enter’ key.1. please click <Start> then <Run> at the bottom lower corner of the desktop. please note that this value may be different). 2. Enter ‘cmd’ command and click <OK>. After the IP address setup is complete. 13 .

Once the login details are entered correctly. Default username is ‘admin’ and default password is ‘1234’. users can see the web management interface of this router.3. please start the web browser. Please input username and password in the field respectively. 14 . After the computer has obtained an IP address from router.3 Starting Web-Based Management UI 1.2. then press <OK> button. Input the IP address of router in the address bar and the following message should appear: 2.

15 .

1 Quick Setup Wizard The Quick Setup section is designed to get the broadband router running as quickly as possible. Users can manually assign time server address if the default time server is not functioning. In the Quick Setup. users are required to fill in only the information necessary to access the Internet. Once user clicks on the <Quick Setup Wizard> in the HOME page. 16 . tick the enable box to initiate daylight saving configuration. Select the period in which to start the daylight savings time. If users wish to use this function. The router can also take Daylight savings into account. The router will set its time based on user’s selection. Select the period in which to end the daylight savings time. the following screen will appear. Click on <NEXT> to proceed to the next page: Broadband Type. Step 1: Time Zone The Time Zone allows router to base its time on the settings configured in this section. Parameter Set Time Zone Time Server Address Enable Daylight Savings Start Daylight Savings Time End Daylight Savings Time Description Select the time zone for the country where the user resides.Chapter 4 Web-Based Management UI 4.

ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) connection. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection. Parameter Cable Modem Fixed-IP xDSL PPPoE xDSL PPTP xDSL L2TP xDSL Telstra Big Pond Description ISP will automatically provide an IP address. Click on one of the WAN type and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section. This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection. Click on <Back> to return to the previous screen. Step 2. ISP requires using a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) connection. ISP has given users an IP address already.Step 2 Broadband Type In this section users have to select one of four types of connections that it will be using to connect to broadband router WAN port to the ISP (see screen below). Some ISP’s may also require users fill in additional information such as Host Name and MAC 17 .1 Cable Modem Choose Cable Modem if ISP will automatically provide an IP address. Different ISPs require different methods of connecting to the Internet. please check with the ISP as to the type of connection it requires.

18 .address (see screen below). Type in this MAC address in this section or use the “Clone MAC Address” button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of that PC. The Host Name and MAC address section is optional and users can skip this section if the ISP does not require these settings for Internet connection.2 Fixed-IP xDSL Select Fixed-IP xDSL if the ISP has given user a specific IP address. This MAC address is the PC’s MAC address that the ISP had originally used to connect to the Internet. MAC Address Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for users to connect to the Internet. Parameter Host Name Description If the ISP requires a Host Name. otherwise leave it blank. Step 2. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. type in the host name provided by the ISP.

255.0). Parameter Username Password Service Name MTU Description Enter the username provided by the ISP for the PPPoE connection. otherwise leave it blank. Enter the password provided by the ISP for the PPPoE connection. 255. This is optional. This is optional.g. Leave it blank if users do not wish to set a maximum packet size.Parameter IP Gateway IP DNS Subnet Mask Description IP address provided by ISP. 19 . ISP’s IP address gateway. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. Step 2. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. Enter the Service name should the ISP requires it. ISP’s DNS server IP address.255. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Users can specify the maximum size of the transmission packet to the Internet.3 PPPoE xDSL Select PPPoE if the ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect to the Internet.

the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP. Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. 20 . The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router.4 PPTP xDSL Select PPTP if the ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect to the Internet. Step 2. If users select “Connect on Demand”. If users select “Manual”. This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout.Connection Type Idle Time If you select “Continuous”. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP. The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. the router will always connect to the ISP.

Leave it blank if users do not wish to set a maximum packet size.g. computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. This is optional. If the WAN line breaks down and links again.Parameter Obtain an IP address Automatically Use the following IP address IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway User ID Password PPTP Gateway Connection ID MTU BEZEQ-ISRAEL Description The ISP requires user to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the PPTP server. Connection Type Idle Time Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. 255. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. Sometimes called a Connection ID. The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. This is the ID given by ISP. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP.255. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. This is optional. Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. If users do not have a PPTP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. 21 . Enter the Password provided by the ISP for the PPTP connection. Users can specify the maximum size of the transmission packet to the Internet. This is the IP address that the ISP has given to user to establish a PPTP connection. If you select “Continuous”.255. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP. then enter that PPTP gateway IP address here. Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway Enter the Username provided by the ISP for the PPTP connection. the router will always connect to the ISP. The ISP gives user a static IP to be used to connect to the PPTP server. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. If users select “Manual”.0). This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. If the LAN has a PPTP gateway. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software. Select this item if users are using the service provided by BEZEQ in Israel. If users select “Connect on Demand”. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP.

Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway Enter the Username provided by the ISP for the L2TP connection. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. Parameter Obtain an IP address Automatically MAC Address Use the following IP address IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway User ID Password L2TP Gateway MTU Description The ISP requires user to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the L2TP server.Step 2. 255.5 L2TP Select L2TP if the ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect to the Internet. The ISP gives user a static IP to be used to connect to the L2TP server. Sometimes called a Connection ID.255. This is the IP address that the ISP has given to users to establish a L2TP connection.g. This is optional. 22 . Leave it blank if users do not wish to set a maximum packet size. then enter that L2TP gateway IP address here. Type in this MAC address in this section or use the "Clone MAC Address" button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of that PC. Enter the Password provided by the ISP for the L2TP connection. If the LAN has a L2TP gateway.0). If users do not have a L2TP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above. Users can specify the maximum size of the transmission packet to the Internet. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section.255. The ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for users to connect to the Internet.

The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. 23 . If users select “Connect on Demand”.6 Telstra Big Pond Select Telstra Big Pond if the ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect to the Internet.Connection Type Idle Time If you select “Continuous”. Parameter Username Password User Decide Login Server Manually Login Server Description Enter the username provided by the ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection. Enter the password provided by the ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software. Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. Step 2. Select if users want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login server manually. The IP address of the login server. If users select “Manual”. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. the router will always connect to the ISP. This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again.

1 Time zone and Time Auto-synchronization Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface.2.2.1. then click ‘Time Zone’. Password and Remote Management Administrator. 4. Please start the web browser and log onto router web management interface. and input the IP address or host 24 .1 System This section allows user to set the following system configuration: Time Zone.Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. then click ‘General Setup’ button on the left. and remote management settings. or click ‘General Setup’ link at the upper-right corner of web management interface. and the following message will be displayed on the web browser: Please select time zone at ‘Set time zone’ drop-down list. 4. 4. password.2 General Setup In this chapter. the user will know how to change the time zone.

1. This is very important when the wireless function is enabled. and set the duration of daylight setting. If users want to enable daylight savings setting. please check ‘Enable Function’ box.name of time server. and it’s displayed on the login prompt when accessed from web browser.2 Password Setting Default password of this router is ‘1234’. Please click ‘System’ menu on the left of web management interface.2. There’s a security risk if users don’t change the default password. 4. The following message will be displayed on your web browser: 25 . then click ‘Password Settings’. since everyone can see it.

This means if users are at home and the home IP address has been designated the Remote Management host IP address for this router (located in your company office).0.0. users can still manage this router from a specific IP address by enabling the ‘Remote Management’. 10. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.1. provided password is known. Parameter Description This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a remote site.0.g. If the Host Address is left 0. Enter the new password again for verification purposes.g.1) into your web-browser followed by port number 8080 (e. Host Address 26 . Default: no password Enter the new password. to prevent possible security risks (especially when users defined a weak password.Parameter Current Password New Password Confirmed Password Description Enter user’s current password for the remote management administrator to login to your Broadband router.1:8080). it would mean anyone can access the router’s web-based configuration from a remote location. When users want to access the web-based management from a remote site. Users also need to know the password set in the Password Setting screen in order to access the router’s web-based management.0. However. 4.2.0. it is necessary to enter the router’s WAN IP address (e. it will be necessary to reset the router to the factory default (No password) with the reset button (see router’s back panel). If users forget the password.0. or didn’t change default password).3 Remote Management This router does not allow management access from Internet.0. 10. then it will be able to configure this router remotely.

ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection.1 “PPPoE” for detail information.Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. PPPoE PPTP L2TP 27 . Follow section 4. Follow section 4.1. Users can also set advanced functions like DDNS (Dynamic DNS) via this interface. Static IP address Follow section 4.1 “PPTP” for detail information. Parameter Dynamic IP address Description ISP will automatically give user an IP address. However.2 WAN Internet connections setup can be setup by using ‘Quick Setup’ menu described in chapter 4.1 “Cable Modem” for detail information. 4. Follow section 4. ISP has given user an IP address already. ISP requires using a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) connection. users can setup WAN connections up by using WAN configuration menu. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) connection.1 “Fixed IP” for detail information.2.

If users type a Web address into the browser. such as www. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. a DNS server will find that name in its index and the matching IP address. This is optional. Click <More Configuration> at the bottom of the screen and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section. it is necessary to specify the IP address of that DNS server in this section. Users can specify a DDNS server and configure the username and password provided by the DDNS service provider. Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and convenience. Parameter Domain Name Server (DNS) Server Secondary DNS Address (optional) Description This is the DNS server IP address provided by ISP. However.router.1 DNS A Domain Name System (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web addresses.2.1 “Telstra Big Pond” for detail information.com. 4.This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection. Telstra Big Pond Follow section 4. 28 . The secondary DNS will be used should the primary DNS fail. Users can specify preferred DNS server IP address.2. If the Service Provider connects the user to the Internet with dynamic IP settings. Users can enter another DNS server’s IP address as a backup. DNS DDNS Users can specify a DNS server. it is likely that the DNS server IP address is provided automatically. if there is a DNS server that the user would rather use.

3 LAN Before all computers using wired Ethernet connection (i. and dynamic IP address (IP address of computers will be assigned by router automatically). those computers connect to this router’s LAN port 1 to 4 by Ethernet cable) can communicate with each other and access internet. 29 . Users must get an account.4. The account that the DDNS service provider assigned to user. since it will save a lot of time on setting IP addresses.2. 4. User’s static domain name that use DDNS. It’s recommended for most of computers to use dynamic IP address. password and static domain name from the DDNS service providers. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. The password set for the DDNS service account above. DHCP settings are only available when ‘DHCP Server’ in ‘LAN IP’ section is ‘Enabled’.e. TZO and other common DDNS service providers. they must have a valid IP address.2. There are two ways to assign IP addresses to computers: static IP address (set the IP address for every computer manually). Select a DDNS service provider.2 DDNS DDNS allows user to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address.2. Parameter Enable/Disable Provider Domain name Account/E-mail Password/Key Description Enable or Disable the DDNS function of this router. This router supports DynDNS.

Maximum 16 static IP addresses can be assigned here. Specify a Subnet Mask for the LAN segment. DHCP Server Lease Time IP Address Pool Domain Name Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. In the Lease Time setting. Users can select a particular IP address range for the DHCP server to issue IP addresses to LAN Clients.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled. Users can specify a Domain Name for the LAN network.Parameter IP address IP Subnet Mask 802. users can specify the time period that the DHCP lends an IP address to the LAN clients. Make sure the LAN Client is in the same subnet as this broadband router for the router to be the LAN client’s default gateway. the router will automatically give LAN clients an IP address. If 802. Users can enable or disable the DHCP server.1 Static DHCP Leases Table This function allows user to assign a static IP address to a specific computer so that it is not necessary to set the IP address for a computer.1d Spanning Tree Description This is the router’s LAN port IP address (LAN clients default gateway IP address). If the DHCP is not enabled then users will have to manually set the LAN client’s IP addresses.2. The DHCP when enabled will temporarily give the LAN clients an IP address.3. The DHCP will change the LAN client’s IP address when this time threshold period is reached. this router will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent from network loop happening in the LAN ports. 4. and still enjoy the benefit of using DHCP server. By enabling the DHCP server. 30 .

otherwise click on <Clear> to remove all characters. 31 . Input the IP address to assign to this computer or network device. Input the MAC address of the computer or network device. Click <Add> to enter the entry into the table.Parameter Enable Static DHCP Leases MAC Address IP address Description Check this box to enable this function.

11g wireless network adaptor connect to the Intranet and Internet.2.1 Basic Wireless Setting Please click ‘Wireless’ menu on the left of web management interface. It supports WEP and WPA2 encryption to enhance the security of the wireless network. 4.4 Wireless Wireless Broadband Router builds a wireless LAN and can let all PCs equipped with IEEE 802. then click ‘Basic Settings’. Parameter Enable or Disable Wireless Module Function Description Users can select to enable or disable the wireless connection of this device. and the following message will be displayed on the web browser.11b or 801.4.2. 32 .4. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.

It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802.11g and 802. The channel used by the wireless LAN. Mode: Station – Infrastructure In this mode. All devices in the same wireless LAN should use the same channel. Station.11g or 802.11b. 802. Game player.Mode: AP Parameter Mode Band ESSID Channel Number Description It allows user to set the following mode: AP.11n connection automatically. 802. Bridge or WDS mode.11n mode.11b. HDD&DVD to enable the Ethernet device be a wireless station and join to a wireless network through an access point or AP router. 33 . All the devices in the same wireless LAN should have the same ESSID. Users also can select B+G+N mode to allow the router to select among 802. This is the name of the wireless LAN. users can connect the router to Ethernet device such us TV.

11b. Here are instructions about how to connect two wireless routers together: 34 . If you are connecting the router to a computer. Bridge or WDS mode. then a “Wireless Site Survey Table” will pop up. users can connect wireless router with another. they have to associate it with a working access point. users may need to designate a specific MAC address for the router. Please enter the MAC address here.11n connection automatically. 802. All clients (wired only – AP will not accept wireless clients in this mode) of two wireless routers will think they’re on the same physical network. For some applications. When users use this wireless router as a wireless station for Ethernet network device to have wireless capability.11n mode. Click ‘Select Site Survey’ button. It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802. This is the name of the wireless LAN.11g or 802. Station.11g and 802.Parameter Mode Band ESSID Description It allows user to set the following mode: AP. Users also can select B+G+N mode to allow the router to select among 802. All the devices in the same wireless LAN should have the same ESSID. you can simply press ‘Clone Mac address’ button to fill the MAC address field with the MAC address of computer. It will list all available access points nearby.11b. Site Survey WLAN MAC Mode: AP Bridge-Point to Point In this mode. to combine two access points and expand the scope of wireless network. This function is very convenient when users need to connect two networks between two buildings. Users can select one access point in the table and it will join wireless LAN through this access point. 802.

MAC address Set Security Mode: AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point In this mode. The channel used by the wireless LAN. “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP Bridge-WDS mode”.11g and 802. and all clients (wired only – AP will not accept wireless clients in this mode) of the wireless routers will think they’re on the same physical network.11n mode. It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802.11b. 802. 35 . it is necessary to set this access point in the following modes: “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”. Bridge or WDS mode.11n connection automatically. If users want to bridge more than one network together with wireless LAN.11b. Station.11g or 802. Users have to enter the MAC addresses of other access points that join the bridging work. Click the <Set Security> button for “Security Settings” window to pop up. Users can set the security parameters used to bridge access points together when the AP is in AP Bridge modes. 802.Parameter Mode Band Channel Number Description It allows user to set the following mode: AP. All devices in the same wireless LAN should use the same channel. Users also can select B+G+N mode to allow the router to select among 802. users can connect your wireless router with at least four wireless routers to expand the scope of wireless network.

The channel used by the wireless LAN. “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP Bridge-WDS mode”. Click the <Set Security> button for “Security Settings” window to pop up. Users also can select B+G+N mode to allow the router to select among 802.11b. and every access point can still accept wireless clients. 802.11g and 802. 802.Parameter Mode Band Channel Number Description It allows user to set the following mode: AP.11n connection automatically. All devices in the same wireless LAN should use the same channel. Users can set the security parameters used to bridge access points together when the AP is in AP Bridge modes. Station. MAC address Set Security Mode: AP Bridge-WDS In this mode.11b.11g or 802. If users want to bridge more than one network together with wireless LAN. it is necessary to set this access point in the following modes: “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”.11n mode. 36 . Bridge or WDS mode. It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802. Users have to enter the MAC addresses of other access points that join the bridging work. users can expand the scope of network by combining up to four other access points together.

It can use Station function to connect to a Root AP and use AP function to service all wireless stations within its coverage. 37 .Parameter Mode Band ESSID Channel Number Description It allows user to set the following mode: AP. Bridge or WDS mode. Mode: AP Bridge – Universal Repeater In this mode. This is the name of the wireless LAN. All the devices in the same wireless LAN should have the same ESSID.11g and 802. 802. it is necessary to set this access point in the following modes: “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”. Station. The channel used by the wireless LAN. it can be Station and AP at the same time. It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802. Users also can select B+G+N mode to allow the router to select among 802. the router can act as a wireless repeater. “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP Bridge-WDS mode”. 802.11n connection automatically.11n mode. Users can set the security parameters used to bridge access points together when the AP is in AP Bridge modes. Users have to enter the MAC addresses of other access points that join the bridging work. All devices in the same wireless LAN should use the same channel.11b.11b. Click the <Set Security> button for “Security Settings” window to pop up.11g or 802. If users want to bridge more than one network together with wireless LAN. MAC address Set Security Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.

Parameter Mode Band ESSID Channel Number Associate Clients

Description
It allows user to set the following mode: AP, Station, Bridge or WDS mode. It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802.11b, 802.11g or 802.11n mode. Users also can select B+G+N mode to allow the router to select among 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n connection automatically. This is the name of the wireless LAN. All the devices in the same wireless LAN should have the same ESSID. The channel used by the wireless LAN. All devices in the same wireless LAN should use the same channel. Click <Show Active Clients> button, then an “Active Wireless Client Table” will pop up. Users can see the status of all active wireless stations that are connecting to the access point. In ‘Universal Repeater’ mode, this device can act as a station to connect to a Root AP. You should assign the SSID of the Root AP here or click <Select Site Survey> button to choose a Root AP. When users use this wireless router as a wireless station for Ethernet network device to have wireless capability, they have to associate it with a working access point. Click ‘Select Site Survey’ button, then a “Wireless Site Survey Table” will pop up. It will list all available access points nearby. Users can select one access point in the table and it will join wireless LAN through this access point.

Root AP SSID

Site Survey

38

4.2.4.2 Advanced Wireless Settings
This router provides some advanced control of wireless parameters. If users want to configure these settings, please click <Wireless> menu on the left of web management interface, and then click <Advanced Settings>. The following message will be displayed on the web browser.

Parameter Fragment Threshold

Description
"Fragment Threshold" specifies the maximum size of packet during the fragmentation of data to be transmitted. If users set this value too low, it will result in bad performance. Default: 2346. When the packet size is smaller the RTS threshold, the wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet. Default: 2347. The interval of time that this wireless router broadcast a beacon. Beacon is used to synchronize the wireless network. Default: 100. Set the DTIM period of wireless radio.

RTS Threshold

Beacon Interval

DTIM Period Data Rate
Default: 3. The “Data Rate” is the rate this access point uses to transmit data packets. The access point will use the highest possible selected transmission rate to transmit the data packets.

39

N Data Rate Preamble Type

Broadcast ESSID

CTS Protect

Tx Power

WMM

Same parameter as above but for 802.11n clients. The “Long Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN compatibility, while the “Short Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN performance. If “Broadcast ESSID” is enabled, every wireless station located within the coverage of this access point can discover this access point easily. If users are building a public wireless network, enabling this feature is recommended. Disabling “Broadcast ESSID” can provide better security. Enabling this setting will reduce the chance of radio signal collisions between 802.11b and 802.11g wireless access points. It’s recommended to set this option to ‘Auto’ or ‘Always’. Users can set the output power of wireless radio. Unless the user is using this wireless router in a really big space, it is not necessary to set output power to 100%. WMM is short for Wi-Fi Multimedia which will enhance the data transfer performance of multimedia contents when transferred over wireless network. Default: ‘Disabled’.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.

40

Larger WEP key length will provide higher level of security.4.4. if users select ’64-bit’ as key length. Select one of the four keys to encrypt the data. Only the key selected in the "Default key" will take effect. but the throughput will be lower. The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network. 41 . "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 13-digit ASCII characters as the encryption keys. WEP Only Parameter Key Length Description Users can select the WEP key length for encryption. the number of characters of key will be displayed.3 Wireless Security To set wireless security settings.Key 4 Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. which means the length of WEP key is 10 characters. "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 5-digit ASCII character as the encryption keys. 64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the "A-F". Key Format Default Key Key 1 . 128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the "A-F".2. and ‘Hex’ as key format. the message at the right of ‘Key Format’ is ‘Hex (10 characters). When users select a key format. Follow the following instructions to set wireless security settings. please click <Wireless> menu on the left of web management interface and then click <Security Settings>. For example. 64-bit or 128-bit. Default: 64-bit There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex. Fill the text box by following the rules below.

802. This mode only authenticates user by IEEE 802. Parameter RADIUS Server IP address RADIUS Server Port RADIUS Server Password Description The IP address of external RADIUS server.1x is an authentication protocol and every user must use a valid account to login before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. but it does not encrypt the data during communication.1x. This mode also uses WEP to encrypt the data during communication.1x is an authentication protocol and every user must use a valid account to login before accessing the wireless LAN. 42 .1x only IEEE 802. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.1x WEP Static key IEEE 802. The service port of the external RADIUS server. The password used by external RADIUS server. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server.802.

AES can provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security. 43 . So the encryption key is not easy to be broken by hackers.1x configurations. Users can use a pre-shared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently. WPA Pre-shared key Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard.Refer to relevant sections for WEP and 802. This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically. This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. Parameter WPA(TKIP) WPA2(AES) WPA2 Mixed Description TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security.

WPA Radius Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently. The IP address of external RADIUS server. The service port of the external RADIUS server RADIUS Server Password The password used by external RADIUS server.Pre-shared Key Format Users may select to a pass phrase (alphanumeric format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”. Description TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security. Pre-shared Key Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically. “a-f” and “0-9” range) or at least 8 character pass phrase as the pre-shared keys. Fill in the text box by following the rules below. “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the Pre-shared Key. Hex WEP: input 64-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”. AES can provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security. Parameter WPA(TKIP) WPA2(AES) WPA2 Mixed RADIUS Server IP address RADIUS Server Port Default: 1812. For example: Pass phrase: iamguest Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network. Users can use an external RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide the session key to encrypt data during communication. 44 .

45 .4. Click <Reset> will clear current selections. Click <Delete All> button to remove all MAC addresses. If users want to remove a MAC address from the "Current Access Control List ".4. select the MAC addresses to be deleted and click <Delete Selected>. Click <Clear> for both "MAC Address" and "Comment" fields to be cleared. which prevents the unauthorized MAC addresses from accessing the wireless network. Parameter Enable wireless access control Add MAC address into the list Description Allow enabling of access control for wireless connection. Click <Add> to for this wireless station to be added into the "Current Access Control List".4 Wireless Access Control This wireless router provides MAC Address Control.2. Remove MAC address from the list Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Fill in the "MAC Address" and "Comment" of the wireless station to be added.

and switch this wireless router to WPS mode too. This wireless router supports two types of WPS: Push-Button Configuration (PBC) and PIN code. it is necessary to push a specific button on the wireless client to start WPS mode. The detailed instructions are listed follow: Please click <Wireless> menu on the left of web management interface and click ‘WPS’. If users want to use PBC. or click ‘Start PBC’ button in the web configuration interface. The following message will be displayed on the web browser. If users want to use PIN code.2. Users don’t have to select encryption mode and input a long encryption passphrase every time setting up a wireless client. it is necessary to know the PIN code of wireless client and switch it to WPS mode.4.4. then provide the PIN code of the wireless client to connect to this wireless router. 46 .5 WPS Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and the wireless router. You can push Reset/WPS button of this wireless router.

uncheck it to disable WPS. like the interruption of video / audio transfer. 47 . If the wireless security (encryption) function of this wireless router is properly set. This is the WPS PIN code of this wireless router. The ‘WLAN’ led on the wireless router will be steady on when this wireless router is waiting for incoming WPS request. This code is useful when users need to build wireless connection by WPS with other WPS-enabled wireless devices. This wireless router will wait for WPS requests from wireless clients for 2 minutes.2. The wireless security authentication mode of this wireless router will be displayed here. and click <Start PIN> button. Click <Start PBC> to start Push-Button style WPS via Push Button setup procedure. Without QoS.5 QoS Quality of service provides an efficient way for computers on the network to share the Internet bandwidth with a promised quality of internet service. The ‘WLAN’ LED on the wireless router will be steady on when this wireless router is waiting for incoming WPS request. Please input the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect. Configure via Client Pin Code 4. The SSID of this wireless router will be displayed here. Therefore an unpleasing result will occur. and some applications which require guaranteed bandwidth (like video streaming and network telephone) will be affected.Parameter Enable WPS WPS Status Self PIN code SSID Authentication Mode Configure via Push Button Description Check this box to enable WPS function. users will see ‘Configured’ message. all computers and devices on the network will compete with each other to get Internet bandwidth.

5. The parameters that users leave as blank will be ignored. Click <Reset> will clear the current selections. traffic type. It can limit bandwidth consumed by packets that match this rule or guarantee bandwidth required by packets that match this rule. To remove all QoS rules from the table. Select the rule to edit and click <Edit>. Click <Apply> after editing the form and the rule will be saved. protocol.Parameter Enable/Disable QoS Add a QoS rule into the table Remove QoS rules from the table Edit a QoS rule Adjust QoS rule priority Description Allow enable or disable of QoS function. click <Delete All> button. local port range and remote port range parameters. Users can select the rule and click <Move Up> to make the priority higher. then it will enter the detail form of the QoS rule. 48 . Click <Add> to enter the form page for the QoS rule.1 Edit QoS Rule Users can assign packet classification criteria by its local IP range. 4. If users want to remove a QoS rules from the table. Click <Apply> after filling out the form and the rule will be added into the table. remote IP range. Select the rule and click <Move Down> to make the priority lower. The priority of this rule will be applied to packets that match classification criteria of this rule. select the QoS rules and click <Delete Selected>.2.

4 and 192.168.168.Parameter Rule Name Bandwidth Description The name of this rule.3 – 192.168.5.2. The two numbers are separated by a dash “-“.5.2.2.3.2. 192.168. Users can assign a single port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port number and the last port number of the range.2. Enter the remote IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply. Local IP Address Local Port Range Remote IP Address Remote Port Range 49 .2. it means 3 IP addresses: 192.3 – 192.168.2. The two numbers are separated by a dash “-“.168.3. Reserve enough bandwidth for this rule by selecting “Guarantee”. It can limit the maximum bandwidth consumed by this rule by selecting “Maximum”. for example “101-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of 50 port numbers.2. If users assign 192. 192. Enter the remote port range of the packets that this rule will apply.5. for example “100-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of 50 port numbers. If users assign 192. Users can assign a single port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port number and the last port number of the range.168. it would mean 3 IP addresses: 192.168.2.168.4 and 192.5. Users can assign the download or upload bandwidth in the unit of Kbps (1024 bit per second).168.2. Enter the local port range of the packets that this rule will apply. Enter the local IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply.

Save and exit the form. List of some popular applications is already available for easing the configuration. Select the protocol type of the packets that this rule will apply. 4. Users also can get the same result by using other parameters. Clear the content of this form. 4.1 Port Forwarding This function allows user to redirect a single port or consecutive ports of Internet IP address to the same port of the IP address on local network.6.2. so everyone can connect to Internet. Click <Save> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.6 NAT Network address translations solve the problem of sharing a single IP address to multiple computers.Traffic Type Protocol Save Reset Select the traffic type of the packets that this rule will apply. The port number(s) of Internet IP address and private IP address (the IP address on local network) must be 50 . Without NAT. all computers must be assigned with a valid Internet IP address to connect to Internet. Therefore it’s necessary to use NAT technology to share a single Internet IP address to multiple computers on local network.2.

Parameter Enable Port Forwarding Private IP Description Allow port forwarding to be enabled. “Port Range” and "Comment" of the setting and click <Add>. Fill in the "Private IP". Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. “Type”. This is the private IP of the server behind the NAT firewall. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. The description of this setting. The range of ports to be forward to the private IP.the same. described in next section. This Port Forwarding setting will be added into the "Current Port Forwarding Table". If users want to remove some Port Forwarding settings from the "Current Port Forwarding Table". Users can choose to forward “TCP” or “UDP” packets only or select “both” to forward both “TCP” and “UDP” packets. If the port number of Internet IP address and private IP address is different. Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router will be listed here. select the Port Forwarding setting and click <Delete Selected>. Users will need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Port Forwarding to work properly. Users can easily select the computer name without checking the IP address of the computer. please use ‘Virtual Server’ function. Computer Name Type Port Range Comment Add Port Forwarding into the table Remove Port Forwarding into the table Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Click <Reset> and the fields will be cleared. This is the protocol type to be forwarded. 51 .

Fill in the "Private IP". Enter the service (service/Internet application) port number from the Internet that will be redirected to the above Private IP address host in the LAN. This is the port number (of the above Private IP host) that the below Public Port number will be changed to when the packet enters the LAN (to the LAN Server/Client IP). Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ function if there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the DMZ settings. without exposing it on Internet directly. so it can setup an Internet service on the computer on local network. Select the port number protocol type (TCP. The description of this setting. Users can also build many sets of port redirection to provide many different Internet services on different local computers via a single Internet IP address. “Public Port” and "Comment" of the setting to be added and click <Add>. This is the LAN client/host IP address that the Public Port number packet will be sent. Users can easily select the computer name without checking the IP address of the computer.4. Computer Name Private Port Type Public Port Comment Add Virtual Server 52 . UDP or both). Parameter Enable Virtual Server Private IP Description Allow Virtual Server to be enabled. "Private Port".6.2 Virtual Server This function allows user to redirect a port on Internet IP address (on WAN port) to a specified port of an IP address on local network.2. "Type". If users are unsure. Then this Virtual Server setting will be added into the "Current Virtual Server Table". Click <Reset> and the fields will be cleared. then leave it to default. Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Virtual Server to work properly. Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router will be listed here.

4 UPnP Setting This function enables network auto-configuration for peer-to-peer communications. I 4.Remove Virtual Server If users want to remove some Virtual Server settings from the "Current Virtual Server Table". select the Virtual Server setting and click <Delete Selected>. 4.6. and learn information about other devices. Many network device and applications rely on UPnP function nowadays.3 Port Mapping for Special Applications Some applications require more than one connection a time and won’t work with simple NAT rules. In order to make these applications work. Network devices will be able to communicate with other devices directly. users can use this function to let these applications operate properly. Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. 53 .2. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.6.2. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection.

Parameter Description Users can enable or disable the UPnP feature. all client systems that support UPnP. The NAT Traversal function provided by UPnP can let applications that support UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites without any incompatibility problem due to the NAPT port translation. can discover this router automatically and access the Internet through this router without any configuration.5 ALG Settings Users can select applications that need “Application Layer Gateway” support.2. Enable the UPnP feature. 54 . like Windows XP. 4. UPnP Feature Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.6.

this router also provides firewall function to block malicious intruders from accessing computers on local network. These functions include inbound attack prevention.7 Firewall Besides NAT. like block URLs which have pre-defined keywords. 4.2. and the router will let that application correctly pass though the NAT gateway. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.Parameter Enable Description Users can enable “Application Layer Gateway”. 55 . and block outbound traffics.

FTP etc. 4.g.2.1 Access Control Restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services via this interface (e.7. Users can control which PC client have access to these services.Parameter Access Control URL Blocking DoS DMZ Description Access Control allows user to specify which hosts that the users can or cannot have access to certain Internet applications. The DMZ function allows user to redirect all packets going to the WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN. Internet websites. URL Blocking allows user to specify which URLs cannot be accessed by users. 56 . Access Control allows users to define the traffic type permitted in the LAN.). The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks and can log the attack activities. email.

Click <Reset> to clear the all fields. select the PC and click <Delete Selected>. If users want to remove some PC from the "MAC Filtering Table". If select <Allow> then all PCs will be denied to access Internet except for the PCs in the list below. Fill in “IP Filtering Table” to filter PC clients by IP. Fill in “Client PC MAC Address” and “Comment” of the PC that is allowed to access the Internet and click <Add>. Users can easily select the computer name without checking the IP address of the computer. Remove PC 57 . If users want to remove some PC from the "IP Filtering Table". select the PC and click <Delete Selected>. Click <Reset> to clear all selections. Click <Delete All> button to remove all PCs from the table. Click <Delete All>" button to remove all PCs from the list. Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router will be listed here.Parameter Deny Allow Computer Name Filter client PCs by IP Add PC Remove PC Filter client PC by MAC address Add PC Description If select <Deny> then all PCs will be allowed to access Internet besides the PCs in the list below. Users can click <Add> PC to add an access control rule for users by IP addresses. Check <Enable MAC Filtering> to enable MAC Filtering.

2. Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for the Access Control rule to work properly. Parameter Client PC Description Client PC IP Addresses Client PC Service Protocol Port Range Add Reset Description The description for this client PC rule. 58 . It can be assign up to five port ranges. Click <Reset> to clear all fields.Access Control – Add PC After button is clicked. The router will block clients from accessing Internet services that use these ports. the following message will be displayed on the web browser.7. 4. Users can block the clients from accessing some Internet services by checking the services to block. TCP or both protocol types to block. This allows users to select UDP.2 URL Blocking Users can block access to some websites from particular PCs by entering a full URL address or just keyword of the Web site. Enter the IP address range to apply this Access Control rule. Click <Add> to save the setting. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.

Ping of Death. To clear the selection. If users want to remove a URL keyword from the "Current URL Blocking Table".Parameter Enable URL Blocking Add URL Keyword Description Allow URL Blocking to be enabled. 59 . Click <Reset> to clear all fields.7. Users can enter the full URL address or the keyword of the web site to be blocked.2. When Internet attacks occur. including Denial of Service. just click <Reset>. the router can log the events. select the URL keyword to remove and click <Delete Selected>.3 DoS Attack Prevention The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks. Port Scan and Sync Flood. Click <Delete All> button to remove all entries. Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click <Add>. Remove URL Keyword 4.

Many kind of port scan methods are listed here. Click on this button to enter the setup of advanced settings for the DoS method. which means when this number of ‘Ping of Death’ packet is received in very short time. The router’s WAN port will not respond to any Ping requests. Protect the router from Sync Flood attack. the following message will be displayed on the web browser. Please check the box of Ping of Death. Users can also input the ‘Burst’ value. DoS – Advanced Settings When users click <Advanced Settings> button in DoS menu. minute. and input the frequency of threshold (how many packets per second. Ping of Death Discard Ping From WAN Port Scan Sync Flood 60 . please check one or more DoS attack methods to activate. Check the box to activate this DoS prevention mechanism. Parameter Description Set the threshold of when this DoS prevention mechanism will be activated. users can set the threshold of when this DoS prevention mechanism will be activated. this DoS prevention mechanism will be activated. or hour).Parameter Ping of Death Discard Ping From WAN Port Scan Sync Flood Advanced Settings Description Protections from Ping of Death attack. Protect the router from port scan. Like Ping of Death.

Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for DMZ to work properly. the router can open the client to an unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host.g. Computer Name 61 . Games) properly from behind the NAT firewall. Users can easily select the computer name without checking the IP address of the computer.4.2.g.7. whereas DMZ re-directs all packets (regardless of services) going to your WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server. If there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the DMZ setting. The difference between the virtual server and the DMZ function is that the virtual server re-directs a particular service/Internet application (e. Parameter Enable DMZ Public IP Address Client PC IP Address Description Allow the DMZ to be enabled. then Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ function. The DMZ function allows re-direct of all packets going to the WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in the LAN. websites) to a particular LAN client/server. FTP. Pull down the menu and all the computers connected to the router will be listed here. Input the IP address of a particular host in the LAN that will receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP address above. The IP address of the WAN port or any other Public IP addresses given by the user’s ISP.4 Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) If users have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.

The current firmware and hardware version numbers. Boot code Version and Runtime code Version. Any illegal attempts to access the network. Serial Number. Parameter Information Description Users can view the router’s system information such as the router’s Hardware version. and information on all DHCP client PCs currently connected to the network.4. Use the Status page to monitor following information: The connection status of the broadband router WAN/LAN interfaces.3 Status The Status section allows user to monitor the current status of the router. 62 .1 System Information The Status and Information section allows user to view the router’s system information.3. 4.

3.4. It also displays the router’s WAN port: WAN IP address.2 Internet Connection Status View the broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information.3. The Device Status displays the configuration settings where users have configured in the Quick Setup Wizard/General Setup section. Parameter Internet Connection Description This page displays whether the WAN port is connected to a Cable/DSL connection. 63 . and ISP Gateway as well as the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS being used. Subnet Mask. 4.3 Device Status View the broadband router’s current configuration settings.

3. It also shows whether the DHCP Server function has being enabled or disabled. This page displays the Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask.Parameter Device Status Description This page shows the broadband router’s current device settings. 64 .4 System Log View the operation log of the system. All important system events are logged and users can use this function to check the event log of the router. 4.

Parameter Description This page shows the current system log of the broadband router. the security log can be saved via <Save> button to a local file for further processing. It displays any illegal attempts to access the network. the system log will disappear if not saved to a local file.3. The security log can be cleared by clicking <Clear> button. At the bottom of the page. It displays any event occurred after system start up. The system log can be cleared by clicking <Clear> button. Refresh the interface to update current situation. the system log can be saved via <Save> button to a local file for further processing. At the bottom of the page. All information about network and system security is kept here. and users can use this function to check the security event log of the router.5 Security Log View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to the network. Refresh the interface to update current situation. When the system is powered down. Parameter Description This page shows the current security log of the broadband router. Security Log 65 . System Log 4. click on <Refresh> button. When the system is powered down. the security log will disappear if not saved to a local file. click on <Refresh> button.

4.3. Parameter Active DHCP Client Description This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently connected to the network. Use the <Refresh> button to get the most updated situation 66 . the MAC address and Time Expired of each LAN Client.6 Active DHCP Client View the LAN client's information that is currently linked to the broadband router's DHCP server. The “Active DHCP Client Table” displays the IP address.

Parameter Description Use the "Backup" tool to save the Broadband router current configuration to a file named "config. Alternatively. Configuration Tools 67 . 4. LAN and Wireless LAN.4. Parameter Statistics Description Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN.7 Statistics View the statistics of packets sent and received on WAN.3. Firmware Upgrade (upgrade system firmware) and Reset. LAN and Wireless LAN. Users can use the "Restore" tool to restore the saved configuration to the broadband router.4 Configuration Backup and Restore This page includes the basic configuration tools. such as Configuration Tools (save or restore configuration settings).bin" on the PC. users can use the "Restore to Factory Defaults" tool to force the Broadband router to perform a power reset and restore the original factory settings.

use the <Browse> button to find the firmware file. Alternatively. Users can also use this firmware upgrade function to add new functions to the router. Enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this page. users need to download the firmware file to the local hard disk. To upgrade the firmware of the broadband router. 68 .4. Parameter Description This tool allows user to upgrade the broadband router’s system firmware.5 Firmware Upgrade The system software used by this router is called as ‘firmware’. Just like any applications on the computer. Firmware Upgrade Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. the computer will be equipped with new function. when users replace the old application with a new one.

Parameter Description In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in some way stops functioning. Reset 69 . click on the <Apply> button. Users will be asked to confirm your decision. users can perform a reset. The reset function essentially reboots the router’s system. The settings will not be changed. Once the reset process is complete users may start using the router again. To perform the reset.4. The reset will be complete when the power light stops blinking.6 System Reset Users can reset the router’s system should any problem exist.

and check Internet connection status. 2. If all LEDs on this router are off. Try to reset the router and try again later. 3. You must use the same IP address range which router uses. but can’t use hostname. Try to use IP address instead of hostname. please check URL/Keyword filter. 5. 4. If you connect a computer to Internet directly before. Reset the device provided by your Internet service provider too. 7. Call your Internet service provider and check if there’s something wrong with their service. 6. All cords and cables should be correctly and firmly inserted to the router. 6. please check DNS setting. 3. Can’t get connected to Internet 1. contact the dealer of purchase for help. try to do that again. 2. please restore your router to factory default settings (pressing ‘reset’ button for over 10 seconds). Check PPPoE / L2TP / PPTP user ID and password again. Please check the connection of power cord and network cable of this router. but you can still use other internet services. contact your dealer of purchase for help.Chapter 5 Troubleshoot Scenario Router is not responding when I want to access it by web browser Solution 1. 2. Set your computer to obtain an IP address automatically (DHCP). I can’t locate my router by my wireless client 1. 8. and check if you can get connected to Internet with your computer directly attached to the device provided by your Internet service provider. If you did a firmware upgrade and this happens. and make sure it’s correctly powered. If you can use IP address to communicate with a remote server. if ESSID broadcast is disabled. ‘Broadcast ESSID’ set to off? All three antennas are properly secured. please check the status of A/C power adapter. if not. 5. Are you too far from your router? Please remember that you have to input ESSID on your wireless client manually. If all above solutions don’t work. If you just can’t connect to one or more website. 4. 70 . Are you using MAC or IP address filter? Try to connect the router by another computer and see if it works. 4. 7. Go to ‘Status’ -> ‘Internet Connection’ menu. 3. and see if your computer can get an IP address.

Adjust the internal clock of router. 2. other people will experience slow Internet. Try to know what computers are on your local network. If you really forget the password. and call your dealer of purchase for help. Make sure the ‘Caps Lock’ light is not illuminated. Make sure you’re connecting to the correct IP address of the router. call you Internet service provider to know if there is something wrong with their network. please disconnect the router and A/C power adapter from utility power (make sure it’s safe before you’re doing this!). 4. I can’t log onto web management interface: password is wrong Router become hot 1. The date and time of all event logs are wrong 1.File download is very slow or breaks frequently 1. 71 . Try to reset the router and see if it’s better after that. 3. If you smell something wrong or see the smoke coming out from router or A/C power adapter. 3. 1. If someone’s transferring big files. 2. This is not a malfunction. If this never happens before. Are you using QoS function? Try to disable it and try again. Password is case-sensitive. do a hard reset. 2.

Chapter 6 Glossary Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default gateway’s IP address. It consists of 2 portions: the IP network address. unique Internet computer host in an IP network. the device has to send the packet to its default gateway. DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The DNS server IP address used by the computers on the home network is the location of the DNS server assigned by the ISP. the user is sent to the proper IP address. if the destination is not on the same network. Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. An IP address consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods that identifies a single.2. 72 .168. When the device sends out an IP packet.Broadbandrouter. which allows Internet servers to have a domain name (such as www. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations. Ethernet networks are connected by special cables and hubs.1.45. and the host identifier. DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System. Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that when there is no traffic to the Internet for a pre-configured amount of time.com) and one or more IP addresses (such as 192. IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. A DNS server keeps a database of Internet servers and their respective domain names and IP addresses. ISP: Internet Service Provider. ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). Example: 192. and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps). so that when a domain name is requested. This protocol automatically gives every computer on the home network an IP address. A DSL modem uses the existing phone lines to transmit data at high speeds. DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. which will then send it out towards the destination. the connection will automatically be disconnected. The ISP Gateway Address is an IP address for the Internet router located at the ISP's office.8).34.

This process allows all of the computers on the home network to use one IP address. Ethernet and the Point-to-Point Protocol. plus 3 bytes that are often used as the product’s serial number. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a device with an Ethernet interface. MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. The home network is considered a LAN. Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network application/protocol over another. A MAC address is the hardware address of a device connected to a network. Below is a list of common applications and protocol/port numbers: Application Telnet FTP SMTP POP3 H. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). NAT: Network Address Translation. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data transmission method originally created for dial-up connections and PPPoE is for Ethernet connections.LAN: Local Area Network.323 SNMP SNMP Trap HTTP PPTP Protocol Port Number TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UCP UDP TCP TCP 23 21 25 110 1720 161 162 80 1723 5631 5632 PC Anywhere TCP PC Anywhere UDP PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. 73 . users can access the Internet from any computer on the home network without having to purchase more IP addresses from the ISP. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer). It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over Ethernet between different manufacturers.

Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided by the ISP. Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a graphical user interface that is based on the web browser.g. and thus is reliable. 74 . TCP performs proper error detection and error recovery.255. cities. 255. UDP on the other hand is not reliable. The Internet is a wide area network. UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable Datagram Protocol (UDP).Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different networks based on network layer address information such as IP addresses. Both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol). A network that connects computers located in geographically separate areas (e. different buildings. It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet. TCP/IP. Subnet Mask: A subnet mask. a network layer protocol. is a set of four numbers (e. This means the user can use the familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the device being managed.255.g. TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet. which must be assigned by InterNIC).0) configured like an IP address. countries). WAN: Wide Area Network.

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