Pew Global Attitudes Balance of Power U.S. Image Report FINAL July 13 2011 | International Politics | Israel

WEDNESDAY, JULY 13, 2011, 9PM EDT

U.S. Favorability Ratings Remain Positive

China Seen Overtaking U.S. as Global Superpower
23-Nation Pew Global Attitudes Survey

Pew Global Attitudes Project: Andrew Kohut, President, Pew Research Center Richard Wike, Associate Director Juliana Menasce Horowitz, Senior Researcher Jacob Poushter, Research Analyst Cathy Barker, Research Assistant Pew Research Center: James Bell, Director of International Survey Research, Pew Research Center Elizabeth Mueller Gross, Vice President, Pew Research Center For Media Inquiries Contact: Richard Wike Vidya Krishnamurthy 202.419.4372 http://pewglobal.org

July 13, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE

Overview: China Seen Overtaking U.S. as Global

Superpower
About the Project Roadmap to the Report Chapter 1: The Global Balance of Power Chapter 2: Views of the U.S. and American Foreign Policy Chapter 3: Global Opinion of President Barack Obama Chapter 4: Views of China Chapter 5: Economic Issues Chapter 6: Views of Iran Chapter 7: Ratings of World Leaders Chapter 8: Rating Countries and Institutions Survey Methods Survey Topline
Copyright © 2011 Pew Research Center www.pewresearch.org

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U.S. Favorability Ratings Remain Positive

China Seen Overtaking U.S. as Global Superpower
In most regions of the world, opinion of the United States continues to be more favorable than it was in the Bush years, but U.S. image now faces a new challenge: doubts about America’s superpower status. In 15 of 22 nations, the balance of opinion is that China either will replace or already has replaced the United States as the world’s leading superpower. This view is especially widespread in Western Europe, where at least six-in-ten in France (72%), Spain (67%), Britain (65%) and Germany (61%) see China overtaking the U.S. Majorities in Pakistan, the Palestinian territories, Mexico and China itself also foresee China supplanting the U.S. as the world’s dominant power. In most countries for which there are trends, the view that China will overtake the U.S. has increased substantially over the past two years, including by 10 or more percentage points in Spain, France, Pakistan, Britain, Jordan, Israel, Poland and Germany. Among Americans, the percentage saying that China will eventually overshadow or has already overshadowed the U.S. has increased from 33% in 2009 to 46% in 2011. Will China Replace U.S. as World’s Leading Superpower?
Has Will Total has Will already eventually or will never replaced replace replace replace U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. % % % % U.S. France Spain Britain Germany Poland Russia Lithuania Ukraine Turkey Palest. ter. Jordan Israel Lebanon China Pakistan Japan Indonesia India Mexico Brazil Kenya 12 23 14 11 11 21 15 11 14 15 17 17 15 15 6 10 12 8 13 19 10 7 34 49 53 54 50 26 30 29 23 21 37 30 32 24 57 47 25 25 19 34 27 37 46 72 67 65 61 47 45 40 37 36 54 47 47 39 63 57 37 33 32 53 37 44 45 28 30 26 34 31 30 40 36 41 38 45 44 54 17 10 60 46 17 31 47 43

Not asked in Egypt. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q28.

At least some of this changed view of the global balance of power may reflect the fact that the U.S. is increasingly seen as trailing China economically. This is especially the case in Western Europe, where the percentage naming China as the top economic power has increased by double digits in Spain, Germany, Britain and France since 2009.

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S. as the world’s dominant economic power.S. Meanwhile. fewer are convinced that China is the world’s leading economic power. those who name the U. following the death of Osama bin Laden. global opinion is more consistently negative when it comes to the prospect of China equaling the U. 2011.S. is the world’s dominant economic power. the prevailing view in Japan and India is that it would not be in their country’s interest if China were to equal the U. Image in Pakistan Falls No Further Following bin Laden Killing. those who believe the U. only in Pakistan. Jordan. 2 .S. those who see China as the world’s leading economic power believe this is a bad thing. by an almost 2-to-1 margin the Chinese still believe the U. majorities across Western and Eastern Europe.S. Besides the Chinese themselves. militarily. conducted March 18 to May 15. tend to think it is good that America is still the top global economy.S.pewglobal. Germany. By contrast.S. the Palestinian territories and Kenya do majorities see an upside to China matching the U. is still the world’s leading economy tend to see this as a negative.. in the U. In developing countries those who believe China has already overtaken the U. In the Middle East. More Western Europeans Convinced China Is World’s Leading Economy Name China as world’s leading economic power 2009 % Spain Germany Britain France 22 28 34 35 2010 % 34 51 44 47 2011 % 49 48 47 47 09-11 Change +27 +20 +13 +12 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q26. and Latin America still name the U. and in Turkey and Israel.” June 21. Notably. For more information. Compared with reaction to China’s economic rise.S. A survey was also conducted in Pakistan prior to bin Laden’s death. in China. Spain and Japan. These are among the key findings from a survey by the Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project.1 The survey also finds that.org In other parts of the globe. see ”U.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. in terms of military power. militarily. interviews were concluded in April 2011. Asia. Meanwhile. France.S. while in Jordan and Lebanon more see China in this role. share this view. Majorities or pluralities in Eastern Europe. 1 Throughout this report results for Pakistan are from interviews conducted in May 2011. Palestinians and Israelis agree that America continues to sit atop the global economy. economically generally view this as a positive development.S. In all other countries.

where at least six-in-ten in France. receives high marks in Western Europe. Views of the U. is also consistently favorable across Eastern Europe.S. opinion of America remains favorable.S. at least in part. Department of State. is 60% among the 23 countries surveyed. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. U.S. Kenya.S.S.S. opposition to the war in Afghanistan and U.S. Germany and Britain rate the U. image Kenya 94 80 ---87 -90 94 continues to suffer among 1999/2000 survey trends provided by the U. efforts to fight terrorism. Israel. positively. See the Survey predominantly Muslim Methods section for more information. Spain. the country’s Shia community has overwhelmingly negative views of America.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. of Indonesia.S. as well as in Japan. while Lebanese Sunnis and Christians are more positive. with the exception PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3a. ter.org U. opinion of the U.S. Image Largely Favorable Despite the view in many countries that China either has or will surpass the U. Survey results are based on national samples except in China. Favorability Rating 1999/ 2000 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 U. in the Muslim world reflect. as the leading superpower. the Palestinian territories. is split. The U. where a majority expresses positive views of the U.pewglobal. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico % -83 62 78 50 -86 37 70 52 -------75 77 23 -68 % -75 62 60 --79 61 80 30 -25 36 ----61 72 10 -64 % -70 42 45 38 --37 -15 -1 27 0 78 --15 -13 --% 83 55 43 42 41 -62 52 -23 -21 42 --42 -38 -23 --% 76 56 39 37 23 --43 -12 30 15 ---47 -30 63 27 --% 80 51 39 30 34 -61 41 54 9 21 20 47 13 78 34 -29 61 15 -56 % 84 53 42 31 33 -68 46 -12 22 19 51 --41 -37 50 19 -47 % 88 69 75 64 58 -67 44 -14 27 25 55 15 71 47 -63 59 16 -69 % 85 65 73 63 61 -74 57 -17 17 21 52 --58 -59 66 17 62 56 % 79 61 75 62 64 73 70 56 60 10 20 13 49 18 72 44 41 54 85 12 62 52 83 As in years past. Opinion of the U. Brazil and Mexico. countries.S.S. few in predominantly Muslim 3 . In Lebanon. Jordan. Moreover.S. reflecting a religious and sectarian divide. Pakistan and Turkey view America favorably. One-in-five or fewer in Egypt. on balance. The median percentage offering a positive assessment of the U.S. U.S.

the only exceptions are Spain. anti-terrorism efforts. NATO troops U.org countries say the U. Majorities in Eastern Europe also support the U. France (32%) and Spain (19%) say the U. France 41 58 71 29 Germany 41 58 67 30 American-led effort to combat terrorism. Interestingly. two-thirds PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q52 & Q62. Pakistan and Turkey say the U. in Germany. 4 . In Western Europe. although last year more (76%) held this view.S. Japan and Kenya. fewer than half in Britain (40%). India.pewglobal.S.S. takes the interests of countries like theirs into account when making foreign policy decisions. However. takes the interests of other countries into account when making foreign policy decisions.-led fight against terrorism.S. Fewer than a quarter in Lebanon. Spain 51 44 58 38 About seven-in-ten in France (71%). Egypt.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.S. Elsewhere.S. Majorities or pluralities in nearly every country Western European Views on surveyed say the U.-led effort Israel. Brazil and Kenya describe the U.. 59% in Britain and 58% in Spain back U. India. Only in Germany does a majority feel otherwise. in many parts of the Britain 41 51 59 32 world.S.S. as multilateral in its approach to foreign policy. Jordan. a third or less believe America acts multilaterally. where more in Afghanistan to fight terrorism say troops should remain in that country until Keep Remove troops troops Favor Oppose the situation is stabilized than say they should % % % % be removed. takes a multilateral approach to foreign policy. a majority of Chinese (57%) credit America with considering the interests of other nations. In Eastern Europe. Japan. U. there is strong support for the broader. and NATO should Afghanistan and Anti-Terrorism remove their troops from Afghanistan as soon Efforts as possible. majorities in Israel. as do most in Israel and Kenya.S.

Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 85 65 73 63 61 -74 57 -17 17 21 52 --58 -59 66 17 62 56 94 2011 % 79 61 75 62 64 73 70 56 60 10 20 13 49 18 72 44 41 54 85 12 62 52 83 Change -6 -4 +2 -1 +3 --4 -1 --7 +3 -8 -3 ---14 --5 +19 -5 0 -4 -11 China Favorability 2010 % 49 46 41 30 47 -46 60 -20 52 53 56 --97 -58 26 85 52 39 86 2011 % 51 59 51 34 55 52 51 63 63 18 57 44 59 62 49 95 25 67 34 82 49 39 71 Change +2 +13 +10 +4 +8 -+5 +3 --2 +5 -9 +3 ---2 -+9 +8 -3 -3 0 -15 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3a & Q3c.S. where the number expressing a positive view of the U. has fallen 14 points – from 58% in 2010 to 44% today.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest.org U. Jordan (8 points). more than eight-in- 5 . eight points lower than the median percentage offering a positive assessment of the U.S. image. Japan. Views of U. generally receives more favorable marks than China: the median percentage rating China favorably is 52%. In Japan. the U. However.S. including the four Western European countries surveyed.S. and China U.S. roughly two-thirds (66%) held a favorable view of America.S. opinion of the U.pewglobal. the number of people expressing positive views of China has grown in a number of countries. A year ago. has declined in most countries for which there are trends. Egypt and Poland. Favorability 2010 % U.S. Poland (4 points) and Britain (4 points).S. Turkey (7 points). ter. Pakistan (5 points). However. China’s image has also improved in Indonesia. by contrast. meanwhile. Compared with last year. has improved dramatically. Opinion of China has worsened substantially in only two countries surveyed: Kenya (down 15 percentage points from last year) and Jordan (9 points lower than in 2010). U. Indonesia (5 points). Viewed More Favorably Than China Across the nations surveyed. the largest downward shift has occurred in China. favorable views of America are lower in Kenya (11 percentage points).S. today. Mexico (4 points).

S.S. Roughly seven-in-ten in Turkey (73%) and Pakistan (68%) say the same.S. the U. German Chancellor Angela Merkel is next most trusted. majorities in the Palestinian territories (84%). president continues to inspire more confidence than any of the other world leaders tested in the survey. at least in Europe and Israel. For example. Obama is viewed most positively in Western Europe. Indonesia and Poland. has done a great deal to assist their country in responding to this dual disaster. Majorities across Western Europe endorse the German leader’s handling of world affairs. in nearly every nation surveyed majorities or pluralities disapprove of Obama’s handling of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. image.org ten (85%) assess the U.S. At least two-thirds in Kenya. where solid majorities say they have confidence in the U. president’s policies.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Confidence in Obama A lot/ Some % U. favorably.S. Egypt (64%) and Lebanon (57%) lack confidence in the president. This huge boost in U.pewglobal. president to do the right thing when it comes to world affairs. with 62% saying they have confidence in Obama to do the right thing in world affairs. Many also 6 . In fact. this is also the case in Israel. In the Arab world. Jordan (68%). Obama receives his most negative ratings among predominantly Muslim countries. Germany France Britain Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Israel Lebanon Egypt Jordan Palest. As is the case with the overall U. Views of Obama Assessments of President Obama track fairly closely with overall U. in Russia and Ukraine she is more trusted than Obama. ter. image is attributable in part to America’s role in helping Japan respond to the devastating earthquake and tsunami that struck the island nation’s northeast coast in March.S. A majority (57%) of Japanese say the U.S. ratings.S. Broad trust in Obama’s leadership does not mean foreign publics necessarily agree with the U. as do most in Eastern Europe.S. Indonesians are the exception. Overall. Japan and Lithuania also express confidence in Obama. Japan Indonesia India China Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 61 88 84 75 67 68 52 41 37 12 49 43 35 28 14 81 62 48 44 8 63 38 86 Not much/ None % 38 12 15 22 32 23 32 43 42 73 51 57 64 68 84 13 35 11 33 68 31 54 10 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48a. as do smaller majorities in Brazil.

S. Reactions to China’s Growing Power Across the globe.. where at least seven-in-ten How China’s Growing Power Affects Your Country Growing military power Good Bad thing thing % % U. Brazil and Lithuania also approve of how the U. with the highest approval (68%) found in Germany. In general. publics in most surveyed nations react less favorably. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q63 & Q64. while reactions to the way he has dealt with the recent calls for political change in the Middle East are mixed. agree that China’s economic growth benefits their country. Japan.pewglobal. Large numbers in Kenya. with just 29% describing an expanding Chinese economy as a good thing and 40% saying it is a bad thing for their country. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. where majorities in the Arab countries surveyed. Majorities or pluralities in all but four of the nations surveyed say China’s increasing military might is a bad thing for their country. ter. Israel India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 11 13 16 12 12 11 13 12 12 9 28 24 62 19 22 44 7 72 29 26 62 79 71 83 79 74 62 68 74 57 66 52 57 29 66 50 36 87 5 51 55 29 Growing economy Good Bad thing thing % % 37 53 41 46 52 47 32 37 37 13 65 57 66 53 29 62 57 79 53 39 85 53 32 59 50 40 27 46 41 33 64 28 29 24 30 40 25 35 5 30 43 12 Not asked in Egypt. as well as Israel.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Positive assessments of China’s growing economy are most widespread in the Middle East. Within Asia. Western Europe and Russia. Britain. only Indians offer negative views. endorse Obama’s approach to economic issues.org disapprove of Obama’s handling of Iran and Afghanistan. Indonesia.S. Pakistan. When China’s emerging power is framed in military terms. Obama receives his highest marks for his handling of global economic problems. Brazil and Spain also say China’s growing economy is good for their country. president is dealing with the challenges facing the global economy. 7 .S. public reactions to China’s growing economy are far more positive than opinions about the country’s growing military power. for example. Indonesia. Japan. Majorities across Western Europe. This is especially the case in Japan. the U. Most in Kenya.

people say their country’s economy is in bad shape and express dissatisfaction with the way things are going in their country.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. few expect economic conditions to improve in the next year. ter. Indonesians. dissatisfaction with the country’s direction is at its highest level (83%) since 2003. emerging economic powerhouses. following the democratic uprising earlier this year.org have negative views of China’s growing military power. concur with this view. In the U. where roughly nine-in-ten say they are displeased with the way things are going in their country. and whether China will supplant America as the dominant superpower..S. Among these exceptions are China. Moreover. levels of overall satisfaction are linked to assessments of the economy.S. In most of the nations surveyed. Brazil. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 21 32 25 43 15 14 30 32 9 48 65 44 11 13 39 85 51 36 25 6 52 22 19 18 15 17 67 10 9 26 29 6 49 34 33 13 35 54 88 56 38 10 12 54 30 26 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q2 & Q4. France. Britain and Spain. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. In contrast. or China is the world’s leading economic power. In Egypt. Economic Concerns Opinions as to whether the U. eight-in-ten or more 8 . are taking shape against a backdrop of widespread uncertainty about the future and unhappiness with economic conditions at home. by a slim margin (44% to 36%). Few Upbeat About Country Direction or Economy Satisfied Good with current country economic direction situation % % U. likely reflecting renewed optimism about the country’s future. For example. regionally and globally. in Spain. Frustration is especially intense in Pakistan. there is substantial satisfaction with the country’s direction (65%). Only in a handful of countries do more than half express satisfaction with their country’s direction. too. and India – all dynamic. but large majorities across the globe are also dissatisfied. as do 62% of Kenyans and Palestinians.S. the number of Americans who think their country is headed in the wrong direction has swelled from 62% to 73% over the past year.pewglobal. about seven-in-ten Pakistanis (72%) see China’s growing military might as a good thing for their country. Meanwhile. In many instances.

pewglobal.S. only about a third of the public describes either price increases or unemployment as very big problems. Overwhelming majorities in Pakistan. In Spain. In Western Europe and the U. unemployment weighs more heavily than rising prices on the minds of average citizens.. and majorities in these countries see rising prices and a lack of jobs as very big problems. with nearly nine-inten describing the domestic economy as good. most place the primary blame on government. for instance. India and Indonesia describe price increases as a major problem. To a greater degree than others. Despite economic concerns. Kenya. Also of Note: • Among those who describe the economic situation in their country as bad. rather than individuals themselves for unemployment in their country. Inflation and a lack of job opportunities are also seen as less urgent issues among Chinese and German respondents. while smaller majorities in India. In Germany. Britain and the U. people tend to blame outside forces.. Lebanon. • 9 . roughly seven-in-ten or more attribute unemployment to forces beyond the control of individuals. Western Europeans fault banks and other financial institutions for economic troubles at home.S.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. 37% say a lack of jobs is a major concern. publics in all regions express substantial support for growing international trade and business ties with other countries. In Germany. The Chinese public is the most upbeat about economic conditions. while about half are worried about inflation. Israel and Brazil favorably assess the economic situation in their country. with as many as 75% of those who say the economy is bad in Britain and Spain taking this view. No fewer than twothirds in each country say increased international trade is very or somewhat good for their country. Worldwide. two-thirds echo this view. Inflation worries are especially pronounced outside the industrialized West.org offer a negative assessment of the national economy. In China. the Palestinian territories.

org • The United Nations generally receives positive marks among the 23 nations surveyed. Jordan (64%) and Turkey (61%). In most predominantly Muslim countries there is widespread opposition to Iran acquiring nuclear weapons. Only in Pakistan does a majority (61%) support Iran’s nuclear ambitions. the Palestinian territories (67%). opinion of the international body is negative in Israel (69%).pewglobal.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. although significant numbers of Palestinians (38%) and Lebanese (34%) back Iran’s acquisition of a nuclear arsenal. However. • 10 .

terrorism. globalization. members of the team include Mary McIntosh. All of the project’s reports and commentaries are available at www. journalists.S. The Pew Global Attitudes Project is principally funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts. a nonpartisan “fact tank” in Washington. regional and academic experts.419. The Pew Global Attitudes Project team regularly consults with survey and policy experts. and policymakers whose expertise provides tremendous guidance in shaping the surveys. The project is directed by Andrew Kohut.org.263 6. Spring 2011 23 Publics* 29. Albright. and Michael Dimock. president of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The data are also made available on our website within two years of publication. the Albright Stonebridge Group. The Pew Global Attitudes Project is co-chaired by former U. currently principal. Jacob Poushter. Additional * Includes the Palestinian territories. For further information. and democracy. and Jodie T.710 Spring 2007 47 Publics* 45. and Cathy Barker. currently partner.org 11 . analyses.4400 / rwike@pewresearch. Findings from the project are also analyzed in America Against the World: How We Are Different and Why We Are Disliked by Andrew Kohut and Bruce Stokes. Secretary of State Madeleine K. attitudes. Juliana Menasce Horowitz.056 5.948 7. Pew Global Attitudes Project 202. please contact: Richard Wike Associate Director. and trends shaping America and the world. Bryan Cave LLP.717 include Richard Wike. Allen. the Pew Global Attitudes Project has released numerous major reports.766 16. Since its inception in 2001.pewglobal.790 Survey Research James Bell and Vice President Elizabeth Mueller Gross. and by former Senator John C.397 contributors to the project include Pew Research Fall 2009 14 Nations 14. and other releases.S. president of the Pew Research Center.About the Pew Global Attitudes Project The Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project conducts public opinion surveys around the world on a broad array of subjects ranging from people’s assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. and American foreign policy.760 Center staff members Director of International Spring 2010 22 Nations 24. Danforth.765 17. published by Times Books.100 Carroll Doherty. on topics including attitudes toward the U. as well as Neha Sahgal. A paperback edition of the book was released in May 2007. Other Spring 2009 25 Publics* 26. Pew Global Attitudes Project Public Opinion Surveys Survey Summer 2002 November 2002 March 2003 May 2003 March 2004 May 2005 Spring 2006 Sample 44 Nations 6 Nations 9 Nations 21 Publics* 9 Nations 17 Nations 15 Nations Interviews 38.239 Pew Global Attitudes Project team members Spring 2008 24 Nations 24.520 15. that provides information on the issues. DC.

Roadmap to the Report The first chapter explores the global balance of power. Chapter 6 examines views toward Iran while Chapter 7 looks at ratings of major world leaders. Chapter 4 looks at attitudes toward China. The second chapter examines international attitudes toward the United States and its people. Explore the database online at: www. unemployment. can be found at the end of the report. including views toward national conditions. Finally. cooperation with the U. including reactions to the rise of China as a potential superpower.S. including the 23 nations in the current survey. such as anti-terrorism efforts and the war in Afghanistan. A summary of the survey’s methodology. The next chapter focuses on views about U. The database includes findings from this report. and views of specific policies. Pew Global Attitudes Interactive: Key Indicators Database With the release of this report. Data can be searched by question. the Pew Global Attitudes Project is also updating its Key Indicators Database. and trade. and evaluations of its status as a rising economic and military power. its president. Chapter 8 focuses on rating major countries and institutions across the globe. table or chart formats. followed by complete topline results. as well as findings from previous Pew Global Attitudes reports.S. This interactive database allows users to explore public opinion trends from countries surveyed by the Pew Global Attitudes Project since 2002.. by topic or by country – and results can be displayed in map. including views on American foreign policy.org/database 12 .pewglobal. Chapter 5 explores economic issues. President Barack Obama and his policies. inflation.

a More Upbeat Mood in Turkey PM Erdogan Gets High Marks for Foreign Policy June 1.S. Image Obama’s Challenge in the Muslim World May 2.S. 2011 Japanese Resilient.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Applauded for Relief Efforts May 17. End of Treaty With Israel Sought 13 . 2011 Arab Spring Fails to Improve U.org Previously Released Reports from Spring 2011 Pew Global Attitudes Project Survey June 21.S. 2011 Egyptians Embrace Revolt Leaders. 2011 On Eve of Elections. 2011 Osama bin Laden Largely Discredited Among Muslim Publics in Recent Years April 25. Image in Pakistan Falls No Further Following bin Laden Killing Support for Campaign Against Extremists Wanes June 7. Wins No Friends.pewglobal.S. 2011 U. Religious Parties and Military. As Well U. but See Economic Challenges Ahead U.

the median percentage saying China will never replace the U. In particular. is currently the top economic power. many in Western Europe and elsewhere react negatively to the idea of China as a military superpower. the view that China occupies the top position is much more prevalent now than it was in 2009.1. Has already or will eventually replace U. is popular.S.S. More Say China Has or Will Replace U. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q28.S.S.S. The Global Balance of Power Many around the world believe the global balance of power is shifting. Western Europeans increasingly see China as the economic frontrunner – and they generally consider this a negative development.S. However. majorities or pluralities say China either will replace or already has replaced the United States as the world’s leading superpower. is still the world’s largest national economy. However. Will never replace U. as well as in nations where anti-Americanism runs high. Majorities in most of the nations surveyed say it would be a bad thing if China became as powerful militarily as the U. Looking just at the 18 countries surveyed in both 2009 and 2011.S. this view is not shared everywhere – for instance. fell from 44% to 36%. the median percentage saying China will replace or already has supplanted the U. In 15 of 22 nations. 14 . In addition to concerns about China’s economic prominence. Of course. as the world’s dominant power increased from 40% in 2009 to 47% two years later. the U. 44 40 47 36 2009 2011 Median % across 18 countries surveyed in 2009 and 2011. and majorities or pluralities in 15 of 22 countries say the U. And it has become considerably more common across much of the globe over the last two years. This view is widespread in many nations where the U.S.S. Meanwhile. more than six-in-ten Palestinians and at least seven-in-ten Pakistanis and Jordanians would welcome a world where China’s military strength matched America’s.

Adding together those who think China either will or already has overtaken the U. Similarly.S. although more than one-in-five hold this opinion in France (23%) and Poland (21%).S. and this view has become much more common since 2009. as the leading global superpower. ter.S. a majority (53%) of Mexicans now see China supplanting their neighbor to the north. However. 15 . as does a majority of Palestinians (54%). produces solid majorities in Western Europe. Most Japanese (60%) and a plurality of Indonesians (46%) think China will never replace the U. has also grown significantly.S.pewglobal.S. will never be replaced by China. Not all of China’s Asian neighbors believe it will assume the top spot. Spain France Britain Germany Poland Russia Lithuania Ukraine Turkey Jordan Israel Palest.S. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q28. Currently. over the last two years. More Say China Has or Will Replace U. The percentage of Pakistanis who believe China will replace or has already replaced the U. 47% in both countries express this view.S. Lebanon Pakistan Indonesia Japan China India Mexico Brazil Kenya Not asked in Egypt. a 47%-plurality of Brazilians says the U. 2009 % 33 48 55 49 51 36 41 --29 34 35 50 36 40 31 35 67 -47 -40 2011 % 46 67 72 65 61 47 45 40 37 36 47 47 54 39 57 33 37 63 32 53 37 44 Change +13 +19 +17 +16 +10 +11 +4 --+7 +13 +12 +4 +3 +17 +2 +2 -4 -+6 -+4 U.org Will China Become the Leading Power? Relatively few people in the countries polled believe China has already replaced the U.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.S. rising from 40% to 57%.S. % Will or has already replaced U. up from 36% in 2009) and Russians (45%) think China has or will become the leading superpower. however. Jordanians and Israelis have become much more likely to see China in the leading role. In the Middle East. But large numbers in many countries believe China will eventually supplant the U. up from 48% two years ago. Two-thirds in Spain think China will or already has become the dominant power. Similar increases have taken place in France (+17 percentage points) and Britain (+16 points). Nearly half of Poles (47%.

the Palestinian territories (55%). a strong 63%-majority believes their country already has or will become the leading global power. Roughly half in the four Western European nations surveyed name China as the top economic power. Republicans. Kenya (62%).S. The economically advanced nations of the west see this issue differently. Leading Economic Power Named as the world’s leading economic power U.S. Republicans (48% never) and Democrats (46%) are slightly more likely than independents (40%) to say China will never replace the U. rather than the U. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 38 33 42 22 37 58 43 40 40 68 34 31 55 50 50 38 41 55 47 53 65 62 China Japan % 43 47 47 48 49 18 30 26 22 13 44 37 28 35 26 14 26 33 30 16 15 20 % 6 5 5 6 6 8 5 10 12 3 17 6 7 7 1 6 18 3 4 9 6 7 EU % 6 7 6 21 7 6 9 8 10 4 4 16 7 3 8 3 5 6 0 5 5 2 Other/DK % 6 7 0 4 2 10 13 17 16 12 2 10 4 5 15 40 9 4 19 16 9 9 Not asked in Egypt. Japan (55%).S. with slightly more than four-in-ten Democrats. % U. while 45% say this will never happen. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q26. is still widely seen as the global economic leader. Mexico (65%). as the world’s leading economy. as well as in China (50%).Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.S. and there are essentially no partisan differences on this issue. although this is down slightly from 67% in 2009. A 43%-plurality of Americans think China already holds the top position.org In China itself. The Economic Balance of Power Even though many consider China an emerging superpower.S. ter.S. and independents placing China in the top spot. Jordanians and Lebanese also tend to name China.pewglobal. 16 .. Lithuania (58%). Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. the U. Germany is the only country where more than one-in-five believe the European Union is the world’s major economic power. however.. Half or more hold this view in Turkey (68%). The American public is divided on this issue: 46% think China has or will overtake the U. Brazil (53%) and Israel (50%).

S. The percentage naming China as the top economic power has more than doubled in Spain and has risen by 20 percentage points in Germany. Russians (23% in 2010. The percentage naming the U. The shift since 2009 has been especially large in Western Europe. since 2009. Shift in Economic Balance of Power China U. Meanwhile. The Chinese themselves are now less likely to believe their own country occupies the top spot (36% in 2010. as the world's leading economic power across 16 nations surveyed in 2009. and Mexicans (53% in 2010. has declined from 47% to 42%. 26% in 2011). although 18% express this view in Indonesia and 17% in Jordan. Overall. 47 41 35 26 32 42 2009 2010 2011 Median % naming China and the U. however. Japanese (40% in 2010. 2010. 17 . 65% in 2011) have become more likely to name the U. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q26. Western Europeans Increasingly Name China as Top Economy Britain Germany 51 47 44 35 34 28 22 2009 2010 2011 34 France Spain 49 48 47 47 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q26. there have been relatively few notable changes on this question since last year.pewglobal. 55% in 2011). In 2010. a quarter of Russians placed Japan in the top position.S.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. although the Spanish have become significantly more likely to name China as the leading economy (34% in 2010. 40% in 2011). and 2011.S.org There is no country in which at least 20% name Japan as the leading economic power. but only 10% do so now. Big changes have taken place. the median percentage naming China as the world’s leading economic power has risen from 26% in 2009 to 32% today.S. 49% in 2011). Looking at the 16 nations surveyed in each of the last three years.

in France and Spain. ter. tend to believe America’s status as the top economy is a bad thing. those who name the U. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q26. those who name China Say Good Bad Say Good Bad U. 34 2 4 37 see this in negative terms. generally think it is good that America occupies the top spot. generally see American economic power in a negative light. Who is World’s Leading Economic Power? Views about Chinese economic power are more …and it is?* …and it is?* mixed. Japanese respondents who name China as the top power generally see this as a negative development. 33 47 Britain 14 14 16 20 France 42 22 37 58 43 40 40 68 34 31 27 10 17 33 27 10 16 6 13 16 17 36 15 23 24 38 6 32 34 52 15 9 13 3 4 12 7 52 13 9 36 5 21 11 11 10 35 18 22 6 47 48 49 18 30 26 22 13 44 37 28 35 26 14 26 33 30 16 15 20 14 12 14 7 9 10 9 3 24 26 21 14 23 5 19 9 28 10 8 18 31 30 26 4 14 6 5 8 12 6 6 14 1 7 6 19 0 4 6 1 Throughout Western Europe. the Palestinian territories.S.org Views About American and Chinese Economic Power Generally. In 12 countries. American economic might is viewed positively. Pakistan and China – where those who name the U. as the leading economy tend to say this is a good thing. In 15 countries.S. 18 .pewglobal. The pattern is reversed in Pakistan and the Palestinian territories: Those who say China is the leader tend to say this is good. believe it is good that America is the economic leader. while those who name the U. Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. Not asked in Egypt. Similarly. while in 9 countries they tend to 38 43 U. while those who name the U. 55 50 Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 50 38 41 55 47 53 65 62 * Based on total sample.S. In contrast.S.S.S. those who see China as the top economic power tend to believe this is a bad thing. while in Britain and Germany views on this are divided. those who name the U. There are only four nations – Turkey. Q27US & Q27CHI.S. Neither/DK not shown.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. thing thing China thing thing as the leading economy on balance think this is % % % % % % a good thing.

Lebanon Israel China Pakistan Indonesia India Japan Mexico Brazil Kenya Not asked in Egypt. as does an overwhelming majority in China itself (84%).Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.S. up steeply from just 29% in 2005. majorities or pluralities embrace the idea of China matching America’s military strength.? Bad thing Good thing U. where a 54%-majority says it would be bad if China became America’s military equal.pewglobal.org China as a Military Superpower In most of the nations surveyed. Israel and all four Western European countries surveyed. Japan. ter. France Spain Britain Germany Ukraine Russia Lithuania Poland Turkey Jordan Palest.S. as do more than six-inten in NATO members Poland and Lithuania. However. Most Kenyans (61%) think it would be good if China rivaled the U..S. The exception is Turkey.S. militarily. Majorities or pluralities in 15 of 22 nations say this would be a bad thing.S. 85 83 79 72 89 8 17 14 13 6 47 20 57 19 64 12 69 12 54 17 28 36 70 6 5 31 44 87 54 53 30 20 70 62 43 17 84 73 47 23 7 31 30 61 19 . at least sevenin-ten hold this view. there is little enthusiasm for China becoming as militarily powerful as the U. in five of the six predominantly Muslim nations where this question was asked. In the U. Would It Be Good or Bad if China Became as Powerful Militarily as the U. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q29.

S. acts unilaterally in world affairs. Only in seven countries do majorities say the U. and NATO troops should remove troops from Afghanistan as soon as possible. Only in Poland and Kenya is there a desire for more cooperation with the U. many say their countries cooperate too much with the U.S.S. Jordan Japan Indonesia China India Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3a. government too much. and favorable ratings are particularly high in Europe. people in most countries say they are satisfied with the amount of cooperation.S. Favorability Unfavorable Favorable France Spain Germany Britain Lithuania Poland Ukraine Russia Turkey Israel Lebanon Egypt Palest. views of the United States continue to be overwhelmingly negative. while there is support for U. in Japan is undoubtedly driven in part by highly positive reactions to American relief efforts following the March 11th earthquake and tsunami in that country.. opinions of the U. For the most part. or the about the right amount. if at all. considers the interests of countries like theirs when making foreign policy decisions. 20 . while the Japanese give the U. In most Muslim nations. In most predominantly Muslim countries. The rise in favorable views of the U. this is also a common opinion in Britain and Mexico. However. Views of the U. America’s image is far more negative than it was in 2010 in China. not enough.2. however. have changed little. however. a cornerstone of these efforts.S. ter.S.S. and American Foreign Policy America’s image remains positive in most of the nations surveyed. The survey also finds that. U.S.S. 26 29 35 28 20 19 30 34 77 28 49 79 80 84 14 40 46 10 73 28 41 11 75 64 62 61 73 70 60 56 10 72 49 20 18 13 85 54 44 41 12 62 52 83 When asked whether their governments cooperate with the U.-led efforts to fight terrorism in many parts of the world. the war in Afghanistan. remains unpopular.S. considerably higher marks. In most countries. in most countries for which trends are available.S. there is a perception that the U.S. Majorities or pluralities in 17 of 22 countries believe the U.

In Europe. on balance.) U. America’s image is most positive in Japan. 57% in Japan say the U.S. was decidedly positive. 61% in Britain. Currently. see “Japanese Resilient. is more negative than it was in 2010. 49% of Indians do not offer an opinion. have improved markedly since last year. (For more on Japanese views of the effect of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.S. ter.S.S. About four-in-ten (41%) offer a favorable assessment while just 10% have a negative view of the U.S. Lithuania (73%) and Poland (70%) give the U. however.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Chinese opinion of the U. has done a great deal to assist their country with the impact of the twin disasters. 2011.S.. where more than eight-in-ten (85%) have a favorable view of the U. at least seven-in-ten in France (75%). Image Remains Largely Positive In the Obama Years Majorities in 14 of 23 countries have a very or somewhat favorable opinion of the United States.pewglobal. with 58% offering a favorable assessment and 37% giving the U.” released June 1. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 69 75 64 58 -67 44 -14 27 25 55 15 71 47 -63 59 16 -69 90 2010 % 65 73 63 61 -74 57 -17 17 21 52 --58 -59 66 17 62 56 94 2011 % 61 75 62 64 73 70 56 60 10 20 13 49 18 72 44 41 54 85 12 62 52 83 10-11 Change -4 +2 -1 +3 --4 -1 --7 +3 -8 -3 ---14 --5 +19 -5 0 -4 -11 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3a. Favorable ratings for the U. favorability rating is. Chinese respondents are nearly evenly split. The U. This improvement is due at least in part to American relief efforts following the earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March.org U. Favorability Rating 2009 % Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. but See Economic Challenges Ahead.S.S. 64% in Spain.S.S. when 66% of Japanese expressed a positive view. in China. 60% in Ukraine and 56% in Russia also express positive opinions.S. positive in India. high marks. A year ago. a negative rating. In contrast. the image of the U.S. 62% in Germany. 44% have a favorable view and 46% have an unfavorable opinion of the U. 21 .

Image. Ratings are also largely positive in Brazil. high marks..S. 64% in Spain and 63% in Russia also express positive opinions of Americans. including at least eight-in-ten in Japan (87%) and Kenya (81%).” released May 17. 41% have an unfavorable view. 22 . where about six-in-ten (62%) offer a favorable assessment of the U. Japan Indonesia India China Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3b. Only about one-in-ten in Turkey (10%) and Pakistan (12%) have a favorable opinion of the U.. 2011. where 54% have a favorable view. including religious and sectarian divisions in Lebanon. Majorities in Israel (75%). Opinions of the U.S. (For a more detailed analysis of America’s image in predominantly Muslim countries. 18% in the Palestinian territories and 20% in Egypt offer positive assessments.S.S. The U. 68% in Ukraine. and Lebanon. where about half (49%) give the U. Attitudes toward Americans are also overwhelmingly positive in Europe.S. receives its most negative ratings in the predominantly Muslim countries surveyed. Seven-in-ten in Germany.) Views of the American People Unfavorable Favorable France Britain Germany Spain Poland Lithuania Ukraine Russia Turkey 21 16 24 27 15 19 22 25 74 23 35 61 59 74 10 38 14 47 68 30 52 14 78 73 70 64 74 73 68 63 12 75 62 37 36 24 87 52 49 42 12 58 42 81 Rating the American People The American people continue to receive positive ratings in most of the countries surveyed.S.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. A slim majority (52%) of Mexicans also express positive opinions of the U. as was the case during George W. Nearly eight-in-ten (78%) in France and about threequarters in Poland (74%). 13% in Jordan. Majorities in 14 of 22 countries say they have a favorable opinion of Americans. are more positive in Indonesia. Lebanon (62%).pewglobal. see “Arab Spring Fails to Improve U. although fewer now have a favorable opinion than did so a year ago. high marks.S.org Kenyans continue to give the U. About eight-in-ten (83%) Kenyans give the U.S. a positive evaluation. compared with 94% in 2010.S. ter. Bush’s presidency. Britain (73%) and Lithuania (73%) view the American people favorably. Brazil (58%) and Indonesia (52%) give Israel Lebanon Jordan Egypt Palest.

not too much. or not at all?” *In the U. In the other Western European countries surveyed. results for the Palestinian territories are not shown. Germans are more likely than they were a year ago to say the U. How Much Does the U. Unilateralism The perception that the U. considers other countries’ interests. Only in Kenya (74%). In five of the seven predominantly Muslim countries surveyed. 24% of Palestinians. U. to what extent do you think the United States takes into account the interests of countries like (survey country) – a great deal. India (57%). Germany (56%). fewer than half currently say the U.S. “In making international policy decisions. China (57%). 47% said that was the case in 2010. in India. takes a multilateral approach. This is especially the case in Turkey and Pakistan. Japan (51%) and Brazil (51%) do majorities say the U.S.pewglobal. however.S. 23 .Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Consider Your Country’s Interests? % Great deal/Fair amount 2002 % U. takes a multilateral approach. a fair amount. not too much.S. or not at all?” PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q51 & Q51US. Four-in-ten British say the U.* Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 75 44 21 52 --29 21 29 17 -28 20 ---41 35 23 -42 53 2003 % 73 44 14 32 22 --22 -9 -19 18 73 --25 -23 ---2004 % 70 36 14 29 ---20 -14 -16 ------18 ---2005 % 67 32 18 38 19 -13 21 -13 -17 35 -52 -59 -39 ---2007 % 59 24 11 27 17 -31 19 28 14 24 23 34 74 44 -45 35 21 -47 67 2009 % 79 43 34 54 19 -34 31 -15 20 16 21 70 61 -44 36 22 -48 74 2010 % 76 35 29 47 20 -38 30 -9 15 26 19 -76 -50 31 19 56 33 75 2011 % 76 40 32 56 19 9 33 23 15 17 21 23 23 67 57 57 43 51 20 51 49 74 Due to an administrative error.S. few express positive opinions of the American people. the question asks: “In making international policy decisions.S. to what extent do you think the United States takes into account the interests of other countries around the world – a great deal. Israel (67%).S. 36% of Egyptians and 37% of Jordanians hold a positive view.S. a fair amount. where only 12% have a favorable opinion of Americans. does not take the interests of other countries into account when making foreign policy decisions remains widespread.org Americans favorable ratings. a 49%-plurality shares this view. considers their interests. although this opinion is now more common in Britain than it was in 2010.S.

virtually unchanged from 2010. about a quarter (23%) in Russia and one-third in Poland share this view. considers the interests of other countries around the world a great deal or a fair amount.S. considers the interests of countries like theirs when making foreign policy decisions.pewglobal.S. 28% said the U. 43% believe the U. Eastern Europeans also give the U. low ratings on this issue. Russians and Poles were more likely to say the U.S. compared with 76% in 2010. Pakistan (20%) and Turkey (17%) say the U. Jordan (23%).S. respectively). fewer than a quarter in Lebanon (23%).S. The opinion that the U. when just 31% said that was the case. About a third (32%) in France and just 19% in Spain share this view. Just 9% of Lithuanians and 15% of Ukrainians say the U. acts multilaterally when making foreign policy decisions is also far less widespread in China. About three-quarters (76%) say the U. in Ukraine. and this is especially true in Lithuania and Ukraine.S.S. takes into account the interests of other countries.org compared with 35% a year ago. does not consider the interests of other countries when making foreign policy decisions. In the predominantly Muslim countries surveyed. but about half (49%) say the U. receives more positive marks in Indonesia. considered their interests in 2007. took a multilateral approach a year ago (30% and 38%. 57% say the U.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. 24 .S.S. Americans offer a much different assessment of their country’s approach to foreign policy than any other public surveyed. considers the interests of other countries than they were a year ago. The U. Japanese respondents are much more likely to say the U. takes their interests into account.S.S. In contrast. Egypt (21%).S. when the question was last asked in that country. takes a multilateral approach.

S.org Cooperation With the U. more say their government cooperates too much than say it cooperates about the right amount or too little. While a 45%-plurality in Due to an administrative error. About seven-in-ten (72%) in Germany. In six countries. pluralities in Russia (45%) and Lithuania (42%) say their countries cooperate about the right amount.S. Majorities or pluralities in 11 of 21 nations are satisfied with the amount of cooperation between their countries and the U. 44% say their country cooperates too much with their neighbor to the north.S. the same number express satisfaction with the amount of cooperation between their country and the U.S.pewglobal. government. cooperate with the U.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. results for the Palestinian territories are not shown. 9% say their country cooperates too much with the U. Too much % Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan 45 19 16 15 7 9 17 9 26 39 57 54 31 11 22 19 32 52 Not enough % 10 16 11 23 38 45 23 35 26 24 16 18 23 28 26 18 11 11 About the right amount % 40 65 72 59 42 34 45 35 32 31 22 25 41 36 14 54 53 16 DK % 5 0 2 3 12 13 16 22 15 6 6 3 5 26 38 9 4 21 Brazil 23 25 40 12 Opinions about cooperation with the U. Only in Poland and Kenya would pluralities like to see more cooperation with the U.S.S. Poland believes their government does not PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q30. a 45%-plurality believes their country cooperates too much with the U.S. 25 .S. 65% in France and 59% in Spain say their governments cooperate about the right amount with the U.S. In Britain. In Ukraine. are Mexico 44 25 27 3 more mixed across the Eastern European Kenya 30 44 21 4 countries surveyed. while about a quarter say Mexico does not cooperate enough (25%) or that it cooperates about the right amount (27%) with the U.S. as say Ukraine does not cooperate enough (35% each). government. another 40% are satisfied with the amount of cooperation between the two countries and 10% say the British government does not cooperate enough with the U.S. In Mexico.. Government Cooperation With the U. however.S. enough.

Ukraine (55%) and Japan 61 ---26 40 42 42 42 Pakistan 20 16 16 22 30 13 24 19 16 Russia (53%) express Brazil -------62 57 support for the American Mexico 52 ----31 56 43 47 anti-terrorism campaign.S.S. as do Jordan 13 2 12 13 16 18 11 12 9 about six-in-ten in Britain Lebanon 38 30 -31 -34 31 30 35 Israel -85 ---78 80 -72 (59%) and Spain (58%).-led efforts to fight terrorism in 2010. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland 89 69 75 70 --81 % -63 60 60 63 --% 81 63 50 55 ---% 76 51 51 50 26 -61 % 73 49 42 47 19 --% 70 38 43 42 21 -52 % 81 64 74 68 59 -66 % 78 58 67 59 56 -70 % 80 59 71 67 58 61 60 About seven-in-ten (71%) in Russia 73 51 73 55 52 50 54 70 53 Ukraine 86 ----51 --55 France and two-thirds in Turkey 30 22 37 17 14 9 24 19 14 Germany say they favor U.S.-led Efforts to Fight Terrorism % Who favor U. and in Israel. a majority (54%) is satisfied with the amount of cooperation between their country and the U. however.S. results for the Palestinian territories are not shown. Views of U. This is especially the case in Kenya.org Majorities in Jordan (57%). where 72% share this view. a year ago. 26 . where the same number say there is too much cooperation with the U.S. Lebanon (54%) and Pakistan (52%) and a plurality (39%) in Egypt believe their countries cooperate too much with the U. Anti-Terrorism Efforts Majorities in 14 of 22 countries support U. about the right amount. as say there is not enough (26% each).-led efforts to fight terrorism 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 % U. Poland Indonesia 30 23 -50 39 32 59 67 55 (60%).S.pewglobal. majorities in China India --------52 Lithuania (61%). Poland do so compared with PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q52. where about threequarters (77%) favor American anti-terrorism policies. In ----19 26 50 41 23 Eastern Europe.-led efforts to fight terrorism. 32% say their country cooperates with the U. In Indonesia.S.S. but Kenya 85 ----73 80 75 77 far fewer in Russia and Due to an administrative error.S. seven-in-ten Russians and Poles said they favored U.S. U. Egypt ----10 26 19 18 21 anti-terrorism efforts.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.S. Views are more mixed in Turkey.

about seven-in-ten in Indonesia (71%). 14% in Turkey and 16% in Pakistan say they favor American efforts to fight terrorism.org Support for American anti-terrorism efforts has also declined considerably in China. Nearly nine-in-ten (87%) Jordanians and at least three-quarters of Egyptians (78%) and Turks (75%) say troops should leave Afghanistan as soon as possible. in 2010. Majorities or pluralities in 17 of 22 countries believe U. Japan. Just 9% in Jordan. efforts to combat terrorism.S.pewglobal. and NATO troops should be withdrawn from Afghanistan as soon as possible.S. In 2010. War in Afghanistan The war in Afghanistan remains unpopular in most of the countries surveyed.S.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.S. Chinese respondents are also overwhelmingly in favor of troop withdrawal. Israel. 65% say U. and NATO troops should be removed as soon as possible. Publics in the predominantly Muslim countries surveyed continue to give the U. results for the Palestinian territories are not show.S. and NATO Troops from Afghanistan Remove troops Keep troops U. Currently. Only in Kenya. about a quarter (23%) favor and 60% oppose U. two-thirds of Indonesians favored U. Support for the war is especially low in predominantly Muslim countries. 21% in Egypt and 35% in Lebanon share this view. Spain and India do more say that these troops should remain in Afghanistan until the situation is stabilized than say troops should be removed.-led anti-terrorism campaign low marks. Spain Britain France Germany Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Israel Lebanon Egypt Jordan Japan India Indonesia China Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 52 44 51 58 58 50 53 59 64 75 28 71 78 87 40 19 71 65 69 46 53 26 41 51 41 41 41 32 31 16 13 6 57 22 11 9 44 34 12 9 8 41 25 62 Due to an administrative error. Indonesia is the only Muslim country surveyed where a majority (55%) expresses support for these efforts. with 41% expressing support and 40% saying they opposed these efforts. 27 .-led efforts to fight terrorism. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q62.S. while just 9% believe these troops Keep or Remove U. Chinese respondents were nearly evenly split.S. Lebanon (71%) and Pakistan (69%) share this view.

fewer in Spain said troops should stay in Afghanistan than said they should be removed (43% vs. 51% now say troops should leave Afghanistan and 41% believe U. A survey by the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. by the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press.S. support for the war is now more widespread than it was in 2010. Troops from Afghanistan. and NATO should remove their troops as soon as possible. finds even more support for troop withdrawal.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.S. French opinion was more mixed. see “Record Number Favors Removing U. more Americans say the U. In Spain. with 52% saying troops should be withdrawn and 47% expressing support for keeping them in Afghanistan. where support for the war rebounded somewhat between fall 2009 and spring 2010. (For a more detailed analysis of Americans’ opinions about the war in Afghanistan. while 41% favor keeping troops there.S.org should stay in Afghanistan.pewglobal. In France and Britain. 45% wanted troops to leave Afghanistan while about half (49%) favored keeping them there. and NATO should remove its troops from Afghanistan as soon as possible than say military troops should remain in that country until the situation has stabilized (52% vs.S. Nearly six-in-ten (58%) Germans favor troop withdrawal. 49%). conducted just days before Obama’s speech announcing his policy for drawing down U.” released June 21. About half (51%) of Spanish respondents believe troops should remain in Afghanistan until the situation is stabilized. however. A year ago. and NATO troops should stay in that country. unchanged from a year ago. and NATO should remove troops from Afghanistan as soon as possible. In Britain. in 2010. while 39% say they should stay in that country. Nearly six-in-ten (58%) in France say the U. For the first time since 2007. 41%). forces in Afghanistan.) 28 . 2011. 56% say troops should be removed from Afghanistan as soon as possible.S. when the Pew Research Center first asked this question. 44% say the U.S. a year ago. the balance of opinion is once again on the side of troop withdrawal.

As has been the case since he took office. Global Opinion of President Barack Obama Views of Obama Confidence % Approve Economic problems Calls for political change Iran Afghanistan Israeli/Palestinian conflict 29 28 25 43 39 49 U. Nearly nine-in-ten (88%) Germans say they have at least some confidence in the U.S. President Barack Obama remains popular in most parts of the world. Publics in predominantly Muslim nations. international policies lag overall confidence in PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48a & Q79a-e. Solid majorities among both publics disapprove of how he is dealing with their conflict. Japan. the U. as do 84% in France. By comparison. Poland. 29 . 75% in Britain and 67% in Spain. although Indonesia is a major exception. however. 61% of Americans have confidence in Obama. and the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. And the American president has managed to create a consensus between Israelis and Palestinians. continue to offer negative ratings of Obama. president. and this is especially true in Western Europe. Obama receives low marks for his handling of the situation in Afghanistan.S. Iran. More than half in Lithuania. Confidence in Obama President Obama receives some of his most positive ratings in Western Europe. It is of note that Obama gets better grades for dealing with the global economy in most nations surveyed than he does in the U. president to do the right thing in world affairs. Assessments of the way Obama has dealt with the recent calls for political change in the Middle East and global economic problems are somewhat more positive. In particular. where large majorities express at least some confidence in the American president to do the right thing in world affairs. Brazil.S. Median % across the 23 countries surveyed who express at least some confidence in Obama and who approve of his opinions of how Obama handles specific handling of various issues. Indonesia and Kenya also give Obama high marks.S.3.

while 43% do not. with 43% expressing confidence in Obama and the same percentage saying they lacked confidence in him. Ratings of Obama have also declined since 2010 in Turkey (11 points percentage points). president. 2011. while slightly more (42%) say they have little or no confidence. and the U. see “Arab Spring Fails to Improve U. Indonesia (62%) and Poland (52%). president. Lithuania (68%).) Mexicans also give Obama negative ratings. General Confidence in Obama U. In Russia. Kenya (9 points). while 54% say they have little or no confidence in the U. Germany France Britain Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Israel Lebanon Egypt Jordan Palest. Britain (9 points).S. but a majority (57%) in that country say they have little or no confidence in him. 28% in Jordan and 35% in Egypt share this view. Brazil (63%). Pluralities in India (48%) and China (44%) share this view. Japan (81%).pewglobal. ter. as well as in Russia and Ukraine. where 43% express at least some confidence. in the Palestinian territories and Israel. 38% have confidence in him when it comes to world affairs. Poland (8 points).S. Image. Mexicans were evenly split.” released May 17. confidence in 30 . (4 points). About half (49%) of Israelis have at least some confidence in Obama when it comes to world affairs and about the same percentage (51%) has little or no confidence in the U. In 2010. China (8 points). publics in Brazil 31 63 predominantly Muslim countries give Obama Mexico 54 38 decidedly negative ratings.S. Japan Indonesia India China Pakistan No confidence Confidence 38 61 12 15 22 32 23 32 43 42 73 51 57 64 68 84 88 84 75 67 68 52 41 37 12 49 43 35 28 14 13 81 35 62 11 48 33 44 68 8 With the exception of Indonesians.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. about four-in-ten (41%) express confidence in Obama. 12% in Turkey and 14% in the PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48a. Among Ukrainians.S. Opinions of Obama are more mixed in Israel. Just 8% in 10 Kenya 86 Pakistan.S. Palestinian territories have confidence in the American president to do the right thing in international affairs. Indonesia (5 points). Opinions of Obama are somewhat more positive in Lebanon.org Majorities also express confidence in Obama in Kenya (86%). (For a more detailed analysis of views of Obama in predominantly Muslim countries. 37% give Obama positive ratings.

Tunisia. since 2009. where U. 45% of Egyptians and 41% of Lebanese approve of Obama’s handling of calls for political change. Confidence in Obama is up 7 percentage points in Brazil. ter.org Obama has dropped 9 and 7 percentage points. In Japan. Kenya 94 95 86 Bahrain and Libya. General Confidence in Obama 2009 % 74 86 91 93 72 -62 37 -33 42 31 46 23 56 62 -71 85 13 2010 % 65 84 87 90 69 -60 41 -23 33 26 43 --52 -67 76 8 2011 % 61 75 84 88 67 68 52 41 37 12 35 28 43 14 49 44 48 62 81 8 Change 10-11 -4 -9 -3 -2 -2 --8 0 --11 +2 +2 0 ---8 --5 +5 0 +7 -5 -9 U. 2 The survey was conducted after the start of NATO-led airstrikes in Libya and before Obama’s May 19 speech on Middle East policy. confidence in Obama is up 5 points.S. efforts to assist with the impact of the March earthquake and tsunami have been widely recognized. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. when Palestinians and Israelis were last included in the Pew Global Attitudes survey. respectively.pewglobal. including about seven-in-ten in France (70%) and Germany (69%) and at least six-in-ten in Kenya (64%) and Spain (63%). more Brazilians and Japanese express confidence in Obama than did so a year ago. In contrast.2 Majorities or pluralities in PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48a. where majorities or pluralities are critical of his performance. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Obama’s Handling of Middle East Protests and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Obama receives relatively positive ratings for -56 63 Brazil his handling of the recent calls for political Mexico 55 43 38 change in countries such as Egypt. many in these countries approve of the way Obama has handled the uprisings.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Still. Views of Obama’s handling of the recent protests in the Middle East are most negative in the Muslim countries surveyed. 10 of the 23 countries surveyed approve of the way Obama has dealt with the uprisings. while 52% in each country disapprove. 31 . This is especially the case in Egypt and Lebanon. a country the American president visited in March 2011.S.

org In contrast. In the Middle Eastern countries surveyed.pewglobal.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. This is especially the case in the Palestinian territories and Jordan. Elsewhere in the Middle East. 45% and 34%. Jordan (82%) and Egypt (82%) disapprove of Obama’s handling of this issue. but majorities among both publics (84% and 64%. 68% in Egypt and Turkey. Criticism of Iran and Afghanistan Policies Opinions of the way Obama is dealing with Iran are largely negative across the world. respectively). 48% and 44%. disapprove. Spain. respectively. as does a plurality (42%) in Britain. respectively) disapprove of the way Obama is dealing with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. majorities disapprove of Obama’s performance on this issue (58% and 54%. and Britain. France. In Spain and France. Germans are nearly evenly divided. Obama’s Handling of… Calls for political change in Middle East Approve U. 32 . respectively. Disapproval of Obama’s performance has increased since last year in France. Only in Kenya do more than half (51%) approve of Obama’s performance on this issue. ter. Obama receives some of his most negative ratings for his handling of the IsraeliPalestinian conflict. gave the American president low marks for his handling of the conflict in 2010.S. 47%. 61% in Israel and 55% in Lebanon share this view. at least eight-inten in Lebanon (85%). 45% approve and 42% disapprove of his handling of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. respectively). Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya % 44 50 70 69 63 40 47 13 19 8 45 31 41 33 38 14 14 30 48 3 39 29 64 Disapp % 39 28 29 26 26 32 27 54 42 65 52 65 52 63 50 46 19 49 30 43 38 48 16 IsraeliPalestinian conflict Approve % 35 32 45 45 32 25 31 9 14 6 15 17 12 13 29 14 11 26 34 4 26 24 51 Disapp % 45 42 54 42 58 43 36 57 42 68 82 82 85 84 64 48 23 57 47 46 54 54 24 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q79d & Q79e. Palestinians are more critical than Israelis. where 80% and 77%. majorities are critical of Obama’s handling of Iran. Germany and Kenya are the only countries surveyed where a clear majority or plurality approves of Obama’s handling of Iran (53%.

3 Opinions are mixed in the U. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. Indonesia. Obama’s Handling of… Iran Approve % U. ter.S. forces in Afghanistan.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.. This is Mexico 22 56 24 Kenya 44 31 57 particularly the case in Kenya. Indonesia and Pakistan. 13 points in Indonesia and 11 points in Russia). In Spain. Germans (49% and 46%) and Spanish (46% and 44%) are also nearly evenly divided.S. Israel China India Indonesia Japan 41 39 53 48 45 29 35 9 11 5 27 21 40 16 29 14 11 23 41 Disapp % 45 36 45 42 43 42 35 60 49 68 68 77 55 80 61 52 23 56 40 Afghanistan Approve % 45 44 50 49 46 37 38 11 15 5 18 12 23 15 33 17 17 28 43 Disapp % 45 39 49 46 44 41 39 61 51 70 76 87 71 81 53 52 22 56 37 55 43 57 26 Approval of Obama’s handling of Iran has Pakistan 5 52 5 declined over the past year in 7 of 18 countries 31 48 38 Brazil for which trends are available. and the French (50% approve and 49% disapprove). Japan and Poland. When asked about Obama’s handling of the situation in Afghanistan. Britain.org Majorities in the other two predominantly Muslim countries surveyed. also disapprove of the way Obama is dealing with Iran (56% and 52%. where the percentage approving of the president’s performance on this issue is down by double digits (14 percentage points in Kenya and Poland. 3 The survey was conducted prior to Obama’s June 22 speech announcing his policy for drawing down U. 56% in Mexico and 52% in China share this view. In the U.S and Western Europe. 41% of Americans approve and 45% disapprove of the president’s performance.pewglobal. Six-in-ten in Russia. just 11% of Ukrainians and 31% of Brazilians approve of Obama’s performance on Iran. 45% approve and 43% disapprove of the way Obama is dealing with Iran. the same percentage of Poles approves as disapproves (35%). Poland. the same number of Americans approves as disapproves of Obama’s handling of Afghanistan (45% each). In Britain. 33 . only in Kenya does a majority (57%) give the president high marks. as well as in Spain. respectively). and Russia.S. somewhat more approve (44%) than disapprove (39%) of the way Obama is dealing with the situation in Afghanistan. as do about half in Ukraine (49%) and Brazil (48%). PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q79b & Q79c. views of Obama’s handling of Iran are more mixed. For example.

In contrast. Kenya president is dealing with this issue. In Western Europe. Germany France Britain Spain Lithuania Poland Ukraine Russia Turkey Israel Lebanon Palest. about two-thirds (68%) approve of the president’s performance. 71% in Lebanon and 70% in Turkey. as well as narrower majorities in Indonesia (56%) and Pakistan (55%) express similar views.S. views of Obama’s handling of Afghanistan are especially negative in predominantly Muslim countries. Jordan Egypt Japan Indonesia India China Pakistan 49 24 40 27 38 19 26 25 36 62 43 53 66 76 73 15 26 13 38 51 22 42 8 40 68 59 52 52 60 48 39 32 11 44 43 30 21 20 69 65 36 35 11 62 41 78 Six-in-ten Lithuanians offer support for Obama’s handling of global economic Brazil problems. ter. president is dealing with global economic problems. By comparison.org As is the case with other key policies in the Muslim world.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. 34 . Nearly nine-inten (87%) Jordanians and at least three-quarters in the Palestinian territories (81%) and Egypt (76%) disapprove of the way Obama is dealing with the situation in Afghanistan.S.pewglobal. more in Russia disapprove (36%) than approve (32%) of Obama’s performance. Mostly Good Grades on Global Economy Majorities or pluralities in 12 of 23 countries surveyed approve of the way the U. About half (48%) in Poland and Mexico 39% in Ukraine approve of the way the U. Obama’s Handling of Global Economic Problems Disapprove Approve U. Germans express the most support for Obama’s handling of economic problems. Kenyans are particularly supportive. respectively) disapprove. four-in-ten Americans approve and about half (49%) disapprove of the way Obama is dealing with global economic problems.S. Nearly six-in-ten (59%) in France and narrower majorities in Britain and Spain (52% each) share this view. nearly eight-in-ten (78%) approve of Obama’s handling of the world economy. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q79a. about a quarter in each country (26% and 25%.

Only in Indonesia does a majority (65%) approve of Obama’s handling of global economic problems. publics in the predominantly Muslim countries surveyed are critical of the way Obama is dealing with the world economy. 53% in Lebanon and 51% in Pakistan. In Israel. Mexico and China. as do 36% in India. 26% of Indonesians disapprove.pewglobal. 35 . 13% of Indians disapprove and 51% do not offer an opinion. In contrast. And in China. At least seven-in-ten in Jordan (76%) and Egypt (73%) disapprove of Obama’s performance. 35% approve and 38% disapprove.org For the most part. About four-in-ten (41%) Mexicans give Obama high marks for his handling of global economic problems. as do 66% in the Palestinian territories.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. while about the same number (42%) are critical of the president. 44% approve and 43% disapprove of the way Obama is handling this issue. Views of Obama’s performance on the global economy are mixed in Israel. 62% in Turkey. 69% in Japan and 62% in Brazil approve of the way Obama is dealing with economic problems.

improving over the past year.S. Fewer publics appear troubled by China’s economic growth. Views of China Unfavorable U. and a majority of Japanese have a negative opinion of their neighbor to the west.4. half or more in Britain (59%). European publics. opinion is mixed: majorities in Pakistan and Indonesia are favorably inclined toward China. too. Similar assessments prevail across Eastern Europe. Opinion of Chinese President Hu Jintao varies similarly among Asian publics. with roughly half (51%) expressing a favorable opinion of this Asian giant. In Asia. In only four countries do majorities express negative views of this emerging Asian power. with European views. majorities or pluralities have a very or somewhat positive opinion of China. reservations about China’s growing power persist. American attitudes toward China. however. in particular. are more favorably inclined toward China than they were last year. Spain (55%) and France (51%) view China favorably. lean toward the positive. Currently. The prevailing view in more than half the surveyed nations is that China’s expanding economy benefits their own country. especially with regard to China’s military prowess. Britain Spain France Germany Ukraine Russia Lithuania Poland Turkey 36 26 39 49 59 23 25 36 32 66 36 37 39 46 52 3 28 61 35 37 46 21 Favorable 51 59 55 51 34 63 63 52 51 18 62 59 57 49 44 82 67 34 25 49 39 71 China’s Image In 16 of 22 nations. where the percentage holding a positive opinion of China ranges from 51% in Poland to 63% each in Russia and Ukraine. Palest. Inside and outside Asia. In most countries. in particular. majorities or pluralities view China’s increasing military might as a bad thing for their country. ter. while Indians tend to be uncertain about the region’s other growing economic powerhouse. Views of China China’s overall image is positive in most of the nations surveyed. Lebanon Egypt Israel Jordan Pakistan Indonesia Japan India Brazil Mexico Kenya PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3c. 36 .

with 52% expressing an unfavorable opinion of China. 82% of Pakistanis have a favorable opinion of their neighbor.S. meanwhile. Israelis. favorable opinion of China has risen over the past year.. and is up dramatically since 2009 in the Palestinian territories (+19 points). likely reflecting the fact that an overwhelming number of people in Pakistan (87%) see China as a partner. only Jordanians are PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3c. ter. Lebanon India --(59%) and Egypt (57%) Indonesia 68 73 Japan 55 -express positive views of Pakistan -79 China. In Jordan. the proportion of people who hold a favorable opinion of China is up four percentage points. Further east. positive views of China have retreated 9 percentage points over the past year. 10 points in France.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Palest. (For more on Pakistani views of China and the U. compared with nearly six-inten (59%) who hold an unfavorable view. Mexico --46% unfavorable). Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon -------71 -----43 65 58 46 57 -37 60 -40 -43 66 52 65 60 56 45 --63 -33 63 49 ----62 27 69 ---42 49 47 34 39 -39 60 64 25 65 46 46 46 45 -65 29 79 -43 81 39 47 28 26 31 -33 60 -24 59 44 50 ---58 14 76 -38 -50 52 41 29 40 -43 58 -16 52 50 53 43 56 -59 26 84 -39 73 49 46 41 30 47 -46 60 -20 52 53 56 ---58 26 85 52 39 86 51 59 51 34 55 52 51 63 63 18 57 44 59 62 49 25 67 34 82 49 39 71 +2 +13 +10 +4 +8 -+5 +3 --2 +5 -9 +3 ---+9 +8 -3 -3 0 -15 In the Middle East. and 5 points in Poland. Brazil --are divided (49% favorable.org Within Europe. Germans stand out for their predominantly negative views of China. Opinion of China has ticked up slightly in Egypt (+5 percentage points) in the last year. Even in Germany. Among Western European countries. --majorities in the Palestinian Israel --territories (62%).pewglobal. Positive views have increased 13 percentage points in Britain. China Favorability Trends 10-11 2002 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Change % % % % % % % % U. rather than an enemy. 37 . Only about a third (34%) have a favorable opinion of China. In the Kenya --region.S. while also sliding 7 points in Israel since 2009. 8 points in Spain. mostly skeptical.

while just slightly fewer say they either lack confidence in him (30%) or are unsure (31%). 2011. In keeping with their positive overall view of China. Indonesians. however. although a large percentage (40%) do not offer a definite opinion. with six-in-ten saying they have at least some confidence in the Chinese leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs. although this is a substantial decline from 2010.) In Africa. just a quarter trust Hu to do the right thing in world affairs.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. In Japan. While a majority (67%) of Indonesians are favorably inclined toward China. 38 . publics are somewhat more circumspect: 49% of Brazilians say they have a favorable opinion of China. 2011. meanwhile are ambivalent: Roughly four-in-ten (38%) say they have confidence in Hu. among Mexicans there has been a 15 percentage point increase in the number who have an unfavorable opinion of China. not only in Indonesia (+9 percentage points) but in Japan as well (+8 points). when 86% expressed a favorable opinion of Asia’s rising power. but See Economic Challenges Ahead. while just 39% of Mexicans say the same. most Kenyans (71%) are positively inclined toward China.” released June 21. assessments of China are mixed. 35% unfavorable). the image of China’s President Hu Jintao varies greatly. The latter increase is likely due to China offering aid to victims of the earthquake and tsunami that struck the northeast coast of Japan in March. Pakistanis express the greatest trust in Hu. see “Japanese Resilient. while two-thirds lack confidence in the Chinese president.” released June 1. Among Indians. Notably. a nearly equal number of Japanese (61%) take a dim view of their regional rival. only 13% have confidence in Hu. Indians tend to be wary of China (25% favorable vs.org see “U. Little Confidence in President Hu in Asia Among the Asian publics asked. Opinion in Brazil is little changed from last year.pewglobal.S. compared with 26% who lack confidence. (For more on Japanese views of the effect of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.) Elsewhere in Asia. and fully 62% who do not know. Image in Pakistan Falls No Further Following bin Laden Killing. opinion of China has improved over the past year. In Latin America.

Germany (79%). Spain (74%) and Britain (71%) believe China’s growing military might is a negative development. although the number describing this as a bad thing has increased in Turkey (+8 percentage points). publics tend to see China’s growing military might as a bad thing. Meanwhile across Eastern Europe.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. In only three of 21 countries do majorities believe a militarily more powerful China is a good thing for their country. including 66% of Israelis. majorities ranging from 57% in Ukraine to 74% in Russia describe an increasingly potent Chinese military as bad for their country. Israel India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 11 13 16 12 12 11 13 12 12 9 28 24 62 19 22 44 7 72 29 26 62 79 71 83 79 74 62 68 74 57 66 52 57 29 66 50 36 87 5 51 55 29 Growing economy Good Bad thing thing % % 37 53 41 46 52 47 32 37 37 13 65 57 66 53 29 62 57 79 53 39 85 53 32 59 50 40 27 46 41 33 64 28 29 24 30 40 25 35 5 30 43 12 Not asked in Egypt.S. too. A majority of 39 .pewglobal. nearly two-thirds (66%) react negatively to China’s increasing military prowess.org Views of China’s Military and Economic Power Even in countries where overall opinions of China are favorable. with half or more in most nations describing a growing Chinese economy as beneficial to their country. 57% of Lebanese and 52% of Jordanians. By contrast. In the Middle East. And in Turkey. reactions toward China’s growing military power have held fairly steady since last year. Across these countries. Spain (+8 points) and Germany (+7 points). In Western Europe. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q63 & Q64. fail to see an upside to a more powerful Chinese military. Upward of seven-in-ten in France (83%). ter. A large majority of Americans (79%). How China’s Growing Power Affects Your Country Growing military power Good Bad thing thing % % U. many people express reservations about China’s growing military prowess. concern about China’s expanding economic reach is less widespread. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. The prospect of the Chinese government modernizing and strengthening its military forces is unwelcome in most regions of the world. publics are in strong agreement on this point.

With the exception of Britain and Spain. Russia (37%). Compared with a year ago. up 11 points from a year ago.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. with 85% believing China’s growing economic might is a good thing for their country. while roughly four-in-ten or fewer in France (41%). reactions to the country’s expanding economic influence are generally more favorable. 44% of Indonesians see this as a good thing for their country. Jordan (65%). Ukraine (37%) or Poland (32%) concur. Indonesia (62%) and even Japan (57%) agree. In Africa. both the Mexican and Brazilian publics tend to see an expanding Chinese military as a bad thing. Only Indians appear skeptical: just 29% say China’s increasing economic reach is a good thing for their country. where slight majorities (53% and 52%. France and Germany. Western European publics are considerably more optimistic about the benefits of an expanding Chinese economy. In Latin America. In Britain. the number who see China’s economic growth as a positive is up 9 percentage points in each country. an identical percentage of Kenyans (62%) agree with this assessment. Elsewhere in Asia. 51% see it as a negative. however. with fully 72% saying this is a good thing for their country. Overall. Lebanon (57%) and Israel (53%) believe an expanding Chinese economy is beneficial to their country. At least half in the Palestinian territories (66%). up 9 percentage points from last year. consider a more militarily powerful China to be a positive development. In contrast to views of China’s military power. Just under half in Lithuania (47%) and More Positive About Germany (46%) see an upside to China’s growing economic China’s Growing Economy power. in Brazil. respectively) welcome China’s rising economic influence. Sentiment among the Middle Eastern publics surveyed also tends to be positive. Kenyans are the most upbeat. majorities in Pakistan (79%).org Palestinians (62%). Meanwhile. In Mexico. Pakistanis are the most welcoming of China’s growing military power. an even % Good thing 2010 2011 Change % % Britain France Germany Spain 44 32 37 36 53 41 46 52 +9 +9 +9 +16 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q63. however. 40 . 55% hold this view. Europeans tend to be circumspect about a more powerful Western Europeans Chinese economy. Few Indians (22%) or Japanese (7%) express enthusiasm for a more militarily potent China.pewglobal. In Asia. while 40% say it is a bad thing and about a third (32%) offer no definite opinion.

Turks are the most skeptical about the impact of China’s growing economy – just 13% say this is a good thing. Notably. 41 .S.org more dramatic shift has occurred in Spain. where the percentage saying China’s growing economy is a good thing has increased from 36% to 52% since 2010. in all three countries the percentage who say China’s expanding economy is a bad thing has ticked up – 9 percentage points each in Mexico and Brazil. More Brazilians (53%) believe their country benefits from China’s development as an economic power. and 6 points in the U. In the Western Hemisphere.pewglobal.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. down slightly from last year. less than half of Mexicans (39%) and Americans (37%) see a growing Chinese economy as a positive. Across the nations surveyed.

most publics continue to blame their own government. with majorities worldwide describing the expansion of international trade and business ties as a good thing. The few exceptions to this pattern include publics in China. Large majorities elsewhere also express 42 . Dissatisfaction is most intense in Pakistan. despite economic concerns. When asked who is to blame for people not having jobs. In most of the nations surveyed. In nearly all nations. where roughly nine-in-ten (92%) say they are displeased with the way things are going. Germany Britain France Spain Russia Poland Lithuania Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Israel Palest. Dissatisfied 73 Satisfied 21 54 43 61 32 75 25 83 15 60 32 66 30 81 14 9 87 49 34 54 56 85 87 10 47 61 72 92 46 76 81 48 65 44 39 13 11 85 51 36 25 6 52 22 19 Yet. ter. Despite signs that some countries are recovering from the Great Recession of 20082009.5.S. majorities in most countries fault outside forces rather than the unemployed themselves. Israel and Germany do publics characterize inflation and job shortages as less pressing issues. Only in China. Most Unhappy With Country Direction Majorities in 18 of 23 surveyed countries are unhappy with their country’s direction. Brazil and India. economic times remain tough for many around the world. Economic Issues Satisfaction With Country Direction U. for their country’s current economic problems. Lebanon China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q2. people are dissatisfied with the way things are going in their country and downbeat about their national economy. rather than banks or the United States. people describe rising prices and a lack of job opportunities as very big problems. public support for economic globalization appears strong. Although opinion is divided as to whether economic conditions will improve over the coming year.

where discontent has swelled from 62% in 2010 to 73% today.. In the past year. compared with 47% a year ago. Only in China (85%).S.) 43 . The 37-point jump in satisfaction compared with last year is most likely linked to renewed optimism.pewglobal. (For a more detailed analysis of Egyptians’ views about their country’s direction.org discontent. including the U. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya % 55 64 67 66 --87 71 89 93 -78 92 --33 -92 86 39 -79 90 % -49 56 73 52 --64 -79 -56 84 92 71 --85 -67 ---% 55 58 68 78 ---69 -58 -30 -------41 ---% 57 51 71 73 44 -82 71 -55 -30 59 --19 -64 -39 ---% 65 58 80 67 46 --62 -56 42 44 ---13 -73 72 58 ---% 71 66 78 66 45 -74 56 88 58 51 42 92 91 79 12 -77 71 57 -66 54 % 70 65 71 63 43 -47 43 -75 57 47 92 --11 -68 74 73 -68 -% 61 76 73 54 77 90* 67 65 88* 75 67 52 87 91 72 9 -58 73 89 -78 90 % 62 63 74 59 76 -47 59 -60 69 64 86 --9 -56 76 84 49 79 82 % 73 61 75 54 83 81 66 60 87 49 34 54 87 85 56 10 47 61 72 92 46 76 81 * Data from Fall 2009 survey. ter.” released April 25. the Palestinian territories (85%). Religious Parties and Military. Pakistanis and Spaniards. including in Lebanon (87%). Dissatisfaction has also intensified in several other countries.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. 2011. Dissatisfaction With Country Direction 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 U. Spain (83%) and Kenya (81%). Ukraine (87%). in Spain. are less happy than last year. the most dramatic increase in dissatisfaction has occurred in Poland. A year ago. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q2. too. just 28% of Egyptians were happy with the direction their country was headed. Egypt (65%). where 66% are now unhappy with the country’s direction. see “Egyptians Embrace Revolt Leaders.S. In fact. following the popular uprising that unseated Hosni Mubarak in February. The Chinese public has been consistently upbeat since 2005. As Well. Brazil (52%) and India (51%) do more than half express satisfaction with the way things are going in their country. Red box indicates a double-digit change in dissatisfaction between 2010 and 2011. dissatisfaction with the country’s direction is at its highest level (83%) since 2002. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. Egyptians have not.

Besides Germany. France. Current Economic Situation Bad China Germany India Brazil Israel Turkey Indonesia Palest.S. The number of Germans who are upbeat about the economic situation in their country rose 16 percentage points between 2009 and 2010 and another 23 points in the past year. Britain. less than half describe the economic situation in their country as good. with 34% describing the economic situation in their 44 . Turks. The Chinese public is the most positive.S. economic assessments have also grown more positive in several other nations. too. the Palestinian territories (+18 points from 2009) and Turkey (+15 points from 2010). France and Spain. and Britain compared with a year ago. confidence in the economy has yet to return to pre-2008 levels. are more upbeat than they were in 2010. Britain. compared with 48% who say it is bad. meanwhile. Lithuania.pewglobal.. Spain. Israel (54%) and Brazil (54%) favorably assess the economic situation in their country.S. and Ukraine.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.. are evenly split on the issue: 49% say the national economy is good. and has even declined slightly in the U.S. ter.org Economic Recovery Still Distant In 18 of 23 nations. twothirds echo this view. Egypt Jordan Mexico Russia Poland Kenya U. with nearly nine-in-ten (88%) describing the domestic economy as good. one-in-ten or fewer are upbeat about the economy. In Japan. Meanwhile. In the U. while over half in India (56%). Egyptians. in the U. public 6 Ukraine 92 assessments of the economy have rebounded to a greater degree in Germany than in the U. or other Western European countries. France Britain Lebanon Pakistan Japan Spain 8 32 42 45 46 48 61 64 64 68 68 65 71 75 80 83 Good 88 67 56 54 54 49 38 35 34 33 30 29 26 26 18 17 85 15 85 13 85 12 88 89 10 10 9 Lithuania 90 Following the global downturn. In Germany. Lebanon and Pakistan fewer than one-in-five offer a positive assessment of the national economy. Only in a handful of countries do majorities say the economic situation in their country is good. while still far more pessimistic than they were four years earlier.S. including Israel (+22 percentage points from 2009). PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q4.

pewglobal. Germany France Spain Britain Lithuania Ukraine Russia Poland Turkey Israel Palest. However. 53% of Poles described the economic situation in their country as good. with most anticipating economic circumstances will either remain the same or worsen. Across the globe. just 26% hold this view. Brazil and India are the most upbeat about economic change. today. ter. However. Egypt Jordan Lebanon Japan China Pakistan Indonesia India Mexico Brazil Kenya 46 27 45 -65 -10 13 7 14 ---33 5 6 52 49 15 -31 -7 2007 % 50 63 30 65 69 -19 38 36 46 46 10 53 44 9 28 82 59 23 -51 -60 2008 % 20 53 19 35 30 --52 52 21 --44 39 10 13 82 41 20 -36 --2009 % 17 28 14 13 11 3 5 20 29 24 32 17 27 33 11 10 88 22 48 -30 -19 2010 % 24 44 13 13 20 --33 53 34 --20 30 13 12 91 18 50 -24 62 43 10-11 2011 Change % % 18 67 17 10 15 9 6 29 26 49 54 35 34 33 13 10 88 12 38 56 30 54 26 -6 +23 +4 -3 -5 +6* +1* -4 -27 +15 +22* +18* +14 +3 0 -2 -3 -6 -12 -+6 -8 -17 Uncertain Future * Change is from Spring 2009 to 2011 in the Palestinian territories and Israel. more than actual changes on the ground. majorities or pluralities believe the next 12 months will usher in better economic conditions.org country as good. in the remaining nations. more than eight-in-ten (84%) believe the economic situation in their country will improve over the next 12 months.S. A year ago. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q4. Poland has witnessed the largest decline in economic confidence among the nations surveyed. National Economic Situation % Good 2002 % U. opinion varies as to whether economic conditions will improve in the near term. Double-digit declines have also taken place since last year in Kenya (-17 percentage points) and Indonesia (-12 points). compared with 20% the previous year. Since 2008. strong majorities of Chinese have consistently predicted better economic times ahead. Change is from Fall 2009 in Lithuania and Ukraine. 45 .Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. In 10 of 23 countries. Publics in the emerging economies of China. prevailing views are less optimistic. Egyptians’ improved opinion of the economy may reflect hopes for the future. In China.

just a Britain 31 26 quarter foresaw better economic times. Lithuania 21 43 The prevailing view among Indonesians (47%). Japan 17 31 Lithuanians (43%) and Germans (42%) is that 45 Poland 15 economic conditions will remain the same over Ukraine 15 36 the next 12 months.S. the Palestinian Germany 38 42 territories (39%) and Jordan (34%) also Indonesia 37 47 predict improved economic circumstances in Israel 36 44 the coming year. 39 31 Turkey (44%). Some of the most pessimistic publics are found in Pakistan (60% worsen). 48 45 44 42 19 18 25 60 56 Remain the same Worsen 84 79 19 26 29 31 31 31 29 20 12 18 33 43 35 18 47 31 52 52 32 44 10 2 14 7 16 17 22 Pluralities in Mexico (48%). Turkish attitudes have 34 32 Jordan brightened considerably – a year ago.pewglobal. pluralities 60 Pakistan 13 15 anticipate that the economic situation in their PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q5.org Almost as many Brazilians (79%) as Chinese anticipate economic improvements over the next 12 months. Kenya (45%). Palest. France (52%) and Japan (52%). By 30 34 Spain contrast. 46 . Will the Economic Situation… Improve China Brazil India Egypt Mexico Kenya Turkey U. confidence in the economy’s future Russia 28 46 has fallen 14 points among Americans. 25 26 Lebanon dropping from 56% in spring 2010. Elsewhere. (42%).S. the U. In Egypt. ter. just 25% expressed confidence that better economic conditions would emerge in the near term. country will actually worsen in the coming year. Israelis (44%). a majority (56%) is confident that the national economy will improve in the coming year. Poles (45%).Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. 32 France 17 Russians (46%). This is a huge shift in the Egyptian public’s outlook – in 2010. A substantial majority of Indians (60%) share this sense of optimism.

ter. Fingerpointing at banks and other financial institutions is most prevalent in Western Europe. France (65%) and Lithuania (60%) fault banks and related institutions for economic problems. more people continue to find fault with themselves. economies is especially popular among “Who is most to blame for (survey country’s) current economic problems? Is it…” & “Who is second most to blame Europeans who report bad economic times at for (survey country’s) current economic problems?” home. Pakistan. In general. Israel China India Indonesia Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 70 68 71 65 87 86 77 86 87 70 85 78 90 62 91 93 90 89 93 95 75 65 68 75 60 37 27 27 21 59 31 22 39 43 17 31 16 31 30 21 9 8 9 12 4 7 12 7 32 39 19 51 6 20 4 6 29 5 20 2 9 34 21 12 11 22 4 5 14 8 3 22 2 7 4 2 1 1 1 1 18 21 18 26 16 19 24 30 21 15 45 24 35 16 48 49 33 58 34 49 Asked only of people who said economy was “bad” in Q4. France and Spain also fault their government.pewglobal. Who’s to Blame for Current Economic Problems? Banks. Lithuania.. Spain PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q6 & Q7.S. Only in the Palestinian territories do as many as half of those 47 . three-quarters or more who think economic conditions are bad point to government as either the primary or secondary reason. as it was last year. Ukraine and Russia. Roughly two-thirds or more in Britain. Our financial gov’t institutions U. In countries where majorities say the economic situation is poor. (75%). Majorities in Britain (75%).org Blame for Economic Troubles Among those who describe economic conditions in their country as bad. most believe their own government is at fault – continuing a pattern seen in 2010. relatively few people hold the U. Indonesia. The idea that banks and other financial Not asked in Egypt or Japan. respectively). In Spain. Total adds to more than 100% because of multiple institutions are to blame for struggling responses. responsible for the economic misfortunes of their country.S. Mexico. the percentage holding banks responsible has increased 9 percentage points from 2010. rather than the U. when it comes to bad economic times at home. EU Ourselves % % % % % Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. Poland. while it has held steady in Britain and slipped in France and Germany (down 5 and 9 points. the predominant view is that the national government is to blame.S. Germany (68%). Jordan.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. In general. In places as far-ranging as Lebanon.

including overwhelming majorities in Pakistan (97%). PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q13 & Q13b. but overall. is culpable for their country’s economic troubles. Kenya (93%). respectively) describe rising prices as a very big problem. there has been a 10-point increase in the number of people holding themselves responsible for their country’s economic troubles. is actually down in 6 of 15 nations. do substantially more people point to the U. the Palestinian territories (83%) and Indonesia (81%). Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest.S. Smaller numbers blame the U. In most cases. for example. half or more also say a lack of job opportunities is a very big problem. in Jordan (39%). Turkey. 24% in 2010). most people say rising prices are a very big problem. How Big of a Problem Is… % Very big problem Rising prices % U. more tend to fault themselves rather than the U. while just one-in-five or fewer in the other surveyed nations say the U. for which there are comparable data from 2010. Fewer elsewhere share this view. as the cause of their country’s economic problems (32% today vs. and Lebanon (45%) blame themselves for the bad economic situation in their country. worries about job shortages significantly trump apprehensions about price increases.S.S. Israel China India Indonesia Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 57 55 70 32 60 86 66 62 76 66 58 64 89 83 47 49 83 81 97 79 74 93 Lack of jobs % 71 71 80 33 86 88 56 59 75 73 56 62 89 85 43 37 75 68 95 74 70 93 Many Worried About Prices and Jobs Rising prices and a lack of job opportunities are significant concerns in nearly all the countries surveyed. The percentage blaming the U.S. (51%).S. 48 . Indonesia (49%).S. Kenya (49%). Lithuania (86%). roughly eight-in-ten (83% and 79%. In several Western nations. In only one country. worries about inflation and jobs track relatively closely. In 19 0f 22 nations. Turkey (32%) and Pakistan (29%). Lebanon (89%). India (48%). however. In India and Brazil.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. compared with last year. In the same countries where majorities see rising prices as a pressing issue.pewglobal. In Germany the percentage has risen 8 percentage points and in Russia 7 points.org describing their economy as poor point the finger at the U. Roughly half or more in Brazil (58%). large numbers worry about inflation. Not asked in Japan. In Kenya. Even in some countries where publics are generally content. Inflation worries are closely coupled with concerns about unemployment. ter.S.

Only a few publics appear relatively unworried about inflation and unemployment. while in Israel slightly less than half see prices (47%) or a shortage of jobs (43%) as huge problems. Kenya (80%). Across regions. including in Western countries such as Germany (25%). More among the French also think jobs. publics in the surveyed nations hesitate to place the blame on the jobless themselves. the Palestinian territories (76%) and Lithuania (75%). rather than prices.S. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q60. Is Unemployment Due to Personal Fault or Outside Forces? U. (77%). (22%) and the U. far more blame forces outside the control of the unemployed for their jobless status. more in Spain. than say the same about rising prices.org By wide margins. When asked separately why unemployed people in their country are without jobs. France (88%). In about half of the surveyed countries. a quarter or less place the blame on the jobless themselves. and Britain say a lack of jobs is a very big problem. Britain. In Germany about a third describe rising prices (32%) and a lack of jobs (33%) as very big problems.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Germany Britain France Spain Russia Poland Ukraine Lithuania Turkey Israel Lebanon Jordan Palest. the U. less than half say it is the fault of unemployed people that they are without work. Outside forces Own fault 77 18 70 69 88 91 64 60 73 75 61 46 69 62 76 47 36 52 70 60 63 80 25 22 12 6 31 26 21 18 32 47 30 26 22 46 45 32 16 35 34 19 49 . (18%). although by a smaller margin (10 points).S. People in Israel (47%).S. somewhat more than a third (37%) say unemployment is a major concern. This view is most widespread in Spain (91%).S. compared with nearly half (49%) who are anxious about price increases. ter. the U.pewglobal. In China. are a very big concern. Indonesia India China Pakistan Mexico Brazil Kenya Not asked in Egypt or Japan. Across the globe. Indonesia (46%) and India (45%) place the greatest responsibility on individuals for being unemployed.

In the other for the Country? nations surveyed. just 14% of Brazilians and 18% of Americans think increased trade and business ties with other nations are very good for their country. publics in the nations surveyed see increased international trade and business ties as a good thing. Majorities in all parts of the globe say growing international trade and business ties is a good thing for their country. Israel (95%). PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q19.org International Trade Still Favored Despite widespread feelings of economic malaise. Spain and Kenya – all countries where large majorities are unhappy with both their country’s direction Are Trade and Business Ties Good and the domestic economy. just a quarter believe international trade is very good for their country. Lebanon 50 47 97 96 95 95 91 91 89 87 83 83 83 34 34 25 40 50 54 46 41 18 49 35 67 40 29 24 31 82 82 81 81 80 79 78 77 76 67 33 44 64 39 33 33 27 48 48 56 14 48 50 50 56 Spain 58 44 40 58 47 25 51 55 38 While overall views of international trade are positive across regions. Germany (95%). Roughly half in Lebanon (50%). Spain (96%).Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. By contrast. U. Kenya (58%) and Pakistan (56%) majorities say trade is very good for their country. Ukraine Mexico Poland Jordan Palest. no less than two-thirds Very good Somewhat good endorse expanded trade and business ties with NET other countries. Roughly nine-in-ten or more share this view in Lebanon (97%).S. up slightly from 2010. Israel Germany Kenya Lithuania China Britain Russia Indonesia France Turkey India Pakistan Brazil In China. Lithuania (91%) and China (89%). The percentage describing trade as very good jumped 25 percentage points in Spain between 2010 and 2011. Public enthusiasm for trade is especially notable in Lebanon.pewglobal. In Spain (58%). However. and specific worries about inflation and unemployment. 50 . India (48%) and Lithuania (47%) concur. Kenya (91%). Turkey (48%). the intensity of support varies by country. ter. not everywhere do people feel as strongly about the benefits of such ties.

and in some predominantly Muslim countries. and concerns about Iran’s nuclear program have increased this year in Jordan and the Palestinian territories. 51 . Britain France Spain Germany Russia Ukraine Poland Lithuania Turkey Palest. although Lebanese views are sharply divided along religious and sectarian lines. Majorities in Turkey. Lebanon Jordan Egypt Israel Pakistan Indonesia China Japan India Mexico Brazil Kenya 67 58 78 82 86 35 38 56 65 62 49 59 72 75 92 8 26 54 57 29 58 61 57 19 23 21 11 9 42 38 24 16 24 49 39 23 22 6 71 58 29 20 17 21 20 27 In most of the predominantly Muslim nations PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3d. higher numbers express negative views of the Islamic Republic this year than in previous years. Jordan. Not surprisingly. Israelis overwhelmingly oppose a nuclear-armed Iran.6. Lebanon and the Palestinian territories lack confidence in him to do the right thing in world affairs. Spain (82%). Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad continues to receive largely negative reviews in Muslim nations. including more than three-in-four in Germany (86%). ter. Egypt. polled. in Pakistan and Indonesia.S. including most of those surveyed in Egypt. and France (78%). and Lebanon. opinions of Ahmadinejad are on balance positive. there is considerable opposition to the acquisition of nuclear weapons by Iran. Only in Pakistan does a majority express support for Iran’s nuclear ambitions. Views of Iran Opinions of Iran remain largely unfavorable across much of the world. Iran’s Image Largely Negative Majorities in the United States and Western Europe express negative views of Iran. Majorities or pluralities in 17 of 23 countries express an unfavorable opinion of Iran. Few Express Positive View of Iran Unfavorable Favorable U. However. Jordan.

About half (49%) of Jordanians expressed a positive view of Iran in 2006. views are divided. A smaller majority in Britain (58%) shares this opinion. 52 . where roughly half (49%) have a favorable view of Iran. while just 12% of Sunni Muslims assign a favorable rating to the largely Shia Islamic Republic.pewglobal. Views of Iran are more mixed across Eastern Europe. A majority of Egyptians had a favorable view of Iran in 2006 (59%). while the same percentage have a negative opinion. while Ukrainians are evenly divided. although among Israel’s minority Arab community. Majorities express a negative opinion in Poland (56%) and Lithuania (65%).Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Opinions are evenly divided in the Palestinian territories. Iran receives mostly negative marks in four of the seven predominantly Muslim nations polled: Egypt. but currently only 22% hold this view. with 45% expressing a positive and 44% a negative opinion. Pakistan (71%) and Indonesia (58%) are the only countries where majorities express favorable opinions of the Islamic Republic. Jordan. Roughly nine-in-ten Israelis (92%) have an unfavorable opinion of Iran. A similar decline has taken place in Jordan.S. however. Sharply Divided Views of Iran in Lebanon Fav % Lebanon Christian Sunni Shia 39 26 12 84 Unfav % 59 72 84 16 DK % 2 2 3 0 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3d. Favorable Views of Iran Becoming Less Common in Egypt and Jordan % Favorable Egypt 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2006 30 49 59 48 46 41 33 23 22 Jordan 46 35 37 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3d. roughly one-in-four Lebanese Christians (26%) have a positive view. Lebanese Shia Muslims.org and two-thirds in the U. however just 23% now express this opinion. Both Egyptians and Jordanians have become increasingly negative in their views of Iran over the last few years. In Lebanon. (67%). down from 33% last year. voice overwhelmingly positive views of Iran – 84% have a favorable opinion. Russians. have a favorable view of Iran. Turkey and Lebanon. on balance.

Nearly three-in-ten Egyptians (28%) expressed confidence in him last year. ratings for Ahmadinejad have fallen significantly since last year in Egypt and Jordan. Ahmadinejad receives his most favorable reviews in Indonesia and Pakistan. ter. Roughly half of Indonesians (48%) have a lot or some confidence in him. Confidence in Ahmadinejad A lot/ Some % Indonesia Palest. 53 . public opinion in Lebanon about Ahmadinejad remains divided along sectarian and religious lines. compared with just 18% today. Among Jordanians. 40% express confidence. confidence in Ahmadinejad declined from 32% to 23%. he gets positive ratings. In Pakistan. Jordan.org Views of Iran’s Leader Majorities in five of the seven predominantly Muslim nations surveyed – Egypt. compared with only 18% of Christians and just 9% of Sunnis. This view is shared by 73% of Israeli Arabs. Nearly nine-in-ten (86%) Shia Muslims have confidence in the Iranian president. and fully 44% offer no opinion. Israelis give the Iranian president his worst ratings – overall. while 28% lack confidence. Lebanon. Turkey and the Palestinian territories – express little or no confidence in Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. 16% lack confidence. Moreover.pewglobal. 95% of Israelis say they have not too much or no confidence that Ahmadinejad will do the right thing in world affairs. As is the case with overall ratings for Iran. Pakistan Lebanon Christian Sunni Shia Jordan Turkey Egypt Israel 48 40 40 35 18 9 86 23 21 18 2 Not much/ None % 28 57 16 63 81 90 14 75 61 80 95 DK % 24 2 44 1 1 1 0 3 18 1 2 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48f. where on balance.

Egyptians (63%) and Turks (65%) oppose the idea of a nucleararmed Iran. Among the country’s Arab community.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Fully 93% of Israelis oppose Iran acquiring nuclear weapons. Support for Iran’s nuclear program stands at 78% among the Shia community. 58% oppose this idea.org Opposition to Iran’s Nuclear Program In nearly every predominantly Muslim country polled there is widespread opposition to Iran acquiring nuclear weapons. Lebanon Christian Sunni Shia Egypt Indonesia Jordan Turkey Israel 61 38 34 23 6 78 26 25 22 20 4 Oppose % 11 55 64 74 91 21 63 57 70 65 93 DK % 28 7 3 3 3 1 11 18 8 14 3 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q83. More than six-inten Lebanese (64%). ter. while 25% favor a nuclear-armed Iran and 17% give no opinion.pewglobal. 54 . Lebanese public opinion once again reflects wide sectarian and religious differences. Iran Acquiring Nuclear Weapons Favor % Pakistan Palest. Only in Pakistan does a majority of respondents (61%) support Iran’s nuclear ambitions. compared with just 23% of Christians and 6% of Sunnis.

Confidence in World Leaders Obama U. Meanwhile. As in previous surveys.S.S. Merkel and Medvedev not asked in Egypt and Japan. Q48d & Q48h. publics continue to express more confidence in U. and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is valued for his foreign policy leadership in India. Q48b. 55 . French President Nicolas Sarkozy and Russian President Dmitri Medvedev are generally less popular than Merkel in Western Europe. but not well-known in the rest of the world. 14 Japan Indonesia India China Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 81 62 48 44 8 63 38 86 Percentage expressing at least some confidence in _________ regarding world affairs. Germany France Britain Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine 61 88 84 75 67 68 52 41 37 Merkel 46 69 80 64 69 64 51 47 49 4 57 35 N/A 23 25 N/A 23 13 30 6 23 16 41 Sarkozy 45 44 48 44 41 38 35 34 30 1 40 51 25 27 31 48 22 17 26 5 22 12 40 Medvedev 31 42 32 35 17 38 24 70 58 7 27 38 N/A 14 22 N/A 24 25 40 6 17 15 41 Turkey 12 Israel 49 Lebanon 43 Egypt 35 Jordan 28 Palest.7. ter. but inspires far less confidence in neighboring China and Pakistan. Ratings of World Leaders In most parts of the world. but also virtually unknown in many other countries surveyed. German Chancellor Angela Merkel is popular in European countries. Saudi King Abdullah is well-regarded in most of the predominantly Muslim nations surveyed. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48a. President Barack Obama than in key European leaders tested in the survey.

a slim majority (51%) have at least some confidence in the chancellor. This contrasts with 2009. (46%) and Kenya (41%) have confidence in the German leader. Pluralities in Ukraine (49%). In Poland. Jordan (67%).S. In Britain. 48% not confident). France Germany Spain Britain Lithuania Poland Ukraine Russia Turkey Israel Lebanon Palest.S. where a 57%-majority expresses a lot or some confidence in her to do the right thing regarding world affairs. where over six-in-ten (64%) have a favorable view. majorities or pluralities in 11 of the 21 countries where the question was asked express at least some confidence in the German leader. Elsewhere in the Middle East. and Lebanon (60%) having not much or no confidence in the German leader to do the right thing in world affairs.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. although nearly three-in-ten in all four nations do not offer an opinion. Eight-in-ten French express at least some confidence in the German chancellor to do the right thing in international affairs. Merkel maintains her strongest support in Israel. 64% voice confidence in Merkel. Confidence in Merkel is highest in France where. Support for Merkel is also high in her home country and in Spain (69% each). PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48d. Jordan China Indonesia India Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 46 80 69 69 64 64 51 49 47 4 57 35 25 23 30 23 13 6 23 16 41 25 21 31 28 20 23 36 20 25 77 37 60 71 67 36 36 21 36 50 44 34 29 0 0 3 17 13 13 30 28 18 5 4 4 10 33 41 66 59 27 41 26 Not asked in Egypt or Japan. 56 . Opinions of Merkel are also positive in Lithuania. She is also more popular in France than French President Sarkozy. Overall.org Confidence in Merkel Majorities in all six European Union member states polled have confidence in German Chancellor Angela Merkel to do the right thing regarding world affairs. she is even more popular than she is at home. negative views of Chancellor Merkel are more pervasive. as was the case last year. Russia (47%).pewglobal. up 12 percentage points since 2010. ter. the U. when Israeli views of Merkel were divided (48% confident vs. Outside of Europe. This represents a significant increase in Spanish support for the German leader. up from six-in-ten in 2010 and roughly half (51%) in 2009. Merkel is even more unpopular in Confidence in German Chancellor Merkel Not A lot/ much/ Some None DK % % % U. with majorities in the Palestinian territories (71%). down from the 58% voicing such support in 2010.

where more than three-quarters (77%) voice little or no confidence in her. Around four-inten in Britain (44%).S. And majorities or pluralities in only four of the 23 countries surveyed voice at least some confidence in the French president to do the right thing in international affairs. Confidence in the German leader has declined in China less than a year after a wellpublicized visit by Merkel to bolster trade ties. a striking 17 percentage point decline from the 52%-majority saying the same in 2010. France Britain Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Lebanon Israel Palest. Nevertheless. 57 . many offer no opinion about Merkel. In Poland. Japanese opinion of President Sarkozy is up sharply (+11 percentage points) from 2010 when less than four-in-ten (37%) had at least some confidence in France’s president. President Sarkozy garners the most confidence in his home country. the U.pewglobal. ter. there is no European nation. Spain (41%) and Lithuania (38%) express confidence in President Sarkozy regarding international affairs. Among the EU nations surveyed. and Kenya (40%) have confidence in the French leader. while 52% express not much or no confidence. where a majority has confidence in the French leader. Confidence in Sarkozy As in previous surveys. opinions are closely divided – about half (48%) have confidence in their leader when it comes to doing the right thing in global affairs. Germany (44%). Pluralities in India (66%). In fact. European Union publics express far less confidence in French President Nicolas Sarkozy than in German Chancellor Merkel. Jordan Egypt Japan China Indonesia India Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 45 48 44 44 41 38 35 34 30 1 51 40 31 27 25 48 26 22 17 5 22 12 40 32 52 44 55 56 45 49 38 36 80 48 55 67 70 71 37 41 39 18 31 55 46 34 23 0 12 2 2 17 17 28 34 18 1 5 2 4 4 14 32 39 65 63 23 42 26 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48h. Pakistan (59%) and Indonesia (41%) said they could not assess her ability to handle world affairs.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Confidence in French President Sarkozy Not A lot/ much/ Some None DK % % % U. down 10 percentage points since 2010. (45%).S. only 35% have confidence. Only three-in-ten Chinese express confidence in the German leader.org Turkey. Elsewhere. including France. Pluralities in Japan (48%).

ter. a majority of Lebanese have confidence in Sarkozy. Elsewhere in Europe. and Israel (55%) have not much or no confidence in Sarkozy when it comes to global affairs. Jordan China India Indonesia Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 31 42 35 32 17 70 58 38 24 7 38 27 22 14 40 25 24 6 17 15 41 47 55 44 69 73 24 27 52 64 74 58 69 75 76 31 15 44 45 57 50 34 21 2 21 0 10 6 15 11 12 20 4 4 3 9 29 61 32 50 27 35 26 Views of Medvedev Confidence in Russian President Dmitri Medvedev to do the right thing in world affairs is relatively low across the countries surveyed. A similar number of Brazilians (23%) do not offer an opinion. In Brazil. As in previous years. Confidence in Russian President Medvedev Not A lot/ much/ Some None DK % % % U. with the exceptions of his home country and neighboring Ukraine. Even larger proportions in India (65%). Majorities in Egypt (71%). with eight-in-ten voicing little or no confidence in him.pewglobal. Russian views toward Prime Minister (and former president) Vladimir Putin are also largely positive: threequarters have at least some confidence in Putin to do the right thing regarding world affairs. negative views of the French president are more prevalent. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48b. hardly any Turks (1%) express confidence in the French president. Jordan (70%). Elsewhere in the Middle East. majorities or pluralities in all six EU member states surveyed express not too much or no confidence in Medvedev. while 58% of Ukrainians have a lot or some confidence in the Russian president regarding international affairs. Meanwhile. Mexico (42%) and Indonesia (39%) express no view of the French leader. 58 . Seven-in-ten Russians have confidence in their president. Pakistan (63%).S. albeit a slim one (51%).org As was the case in previous surveys. Confidence in Medvedev has declined significantly in Poland (-12 percentage points) and Germany (-8 percentage points) since last year. only about two-in-ten (22%) have confidence in President Sarkozy. just 19% lack confidence in their prime minister.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. the Palestinian territories (67%). Germany Britain France Spain Russia Ukraine Lithuania Poland Turkey Lebanon Israel Palest. Not asked in Egypt or Japan. down 9 percentage points from 2010.

with fewer than one-in-ten (7%) currently saying they have a lot or some confidence in the Russian president to do the right thing in the world. a slim plurality (40%) expresses confidence in the Russian president. opinion of the Russian leader is negative. ter. a Sunni Muslim ruling predominantly Sunni Saudi Arabia. Egypt (78%). In Latin America. with nearly six-in-ten Brazilians (57%) and half of Mexicans saying they lack confidence in Medvedev. 37 62 expressing confidence in the Saudi king and 54% saying they have not too much or no Lebanon 54 44 confidence.pewglobal. In Russia’s largest neighbor. PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48l. However. China. with 44% Palest. many in India (61%) and Pakistan (50%) do not express an opinion of Medvedev. Elsewhere in Asia.org Similarly negative views of Medvedev are widespread across the Middle East. Turks have consistently expressed little confidence in President Medvedev. with about three-in-ten having little or no confidence (31%) or not offering an opinion (29%). while more than six-in-ten Sunni Muslims (61%) voice confidence in the Saudi leader to do the right thing regarding 59 . Over six-in ten in Jordan (87%). with significant majorities in Jordan (76%). split Israel 90 7 sharply along religious and sectarian lines.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Indonesia (63%) and the Palestinian territories (62%) have a lot or some confidence in the Saudi leader. and Lebanon (58%) lacking confidence in the Russian leader. Confidence in Saudi King Abdullah Not too much/ A lot/Some No confidence confidence Jordan Egypt Pakistan Indonesia 13 20 5 20 87 78 72 63 Views are more mixed in Lebanon. Pakistan (72%). the Palestinian territories (75%). Israel (69%). opinions about King Turkey 66 13 Abdullah. Views of Saudi King Abdullah Majorities in five of the seven predominantly Muslim publics surveyed have at least some confidence in Saudi King Abdullah to do the right thing regarding international affairs. Only 23% of Lebanese Shia Muslims have confidence in him.

while 51% lack confidence. only 7% say they have a lot or some confidence in the king. views of Singh are negative in neighboring Pakistan and China.org international affairs. Outside of mainland Asia. In Israel. However. nearly two-thirds (66%) voice little or no confidence. Lebanese Christians are almost evenly divided. where 69% and 42% respectively express a lack of confidence in the Indian Prime Minister. The Saudi king is less well-regarded in Turkey.pewglobal.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Confidence in Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh A lot/Some confidence Not too much/No confidence DK/Refused India Japan Indonesia China Pakistan 7 37 33 24 80 24 30 42 69 8 12 39 37 34 25 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q48o. an overwhelming majority (80%) express confidence in Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s ability to handle world affairs. 48% express confidence. 60 . Views of Singh In his home country. with nine-in-ten saying they lack confidence in his ability to do the right thing regarding world affairs. nearly four-in-ten in Japan (39%) and Indonesia (37%) do not offer an opinion of the Indian leader. where about one-in-ten (13%) say they have confidence in Abdullah.

while ratings for the EU remain generally positive. Russia gets mixed reviews among its European neighbors. although there are a few countries where these organizations are seen in a negative light. Americans offer positive assessments of their former Cold War rival. join the EU have met with resistance from PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3f & Q3j. Across the 23 nations surveyed. an almost equal number of Palestinians (67%) also give the UN an unfavorable rating. Rating Countries and Institutions Views of the UN and EU Favorable 54 Overall. a median percentage of 54% offer a favorable opinion of the UN. However.8. Unfavorable 51 35 28 UN EU And in Turkey – a country whose ambitions to Median % across all 23 nations surveyed in 2011. The most negative ratings for Russia are found in Israel. Jordan. the EU is not alone in this regard – the other nations and organizations tested also receive some of their lowest ratings in Turkey. However. Turkey is the only NATO member state surveyed in which a majority has a negative opinion of the military alliance. On balance. And. and the Palestinian territories. both the United Nations and European Union receive largely positive ratings. and it receives especially low ratings in key Arab nations such as Egypt. some European leaders – just 23% give the organization a favorable rating. where roughly seven-in-ten (69%) express an unfavorable opinion. receiving its highest marks in Ukraine and its lowest ratings in Poland. a median of 51% express a positive view of the EU. 61 . Israelis also give the UN its lowest rating – again. about seven-in-ten (69%) express a negative view. its image has declined since last year. with a potential UN Security Council debate over Palestinian statehood looming. However. Also.

Favorable 61 76 73 73 66 72 66 54 54 23 65 54 35 31 28 79 61 37 28 21 52 44 86 28 23 18 21 29 16 16 26 20 61 34 44 64 67 69 12 27 43 15 33 30 31 8 Positive assessments of the UN have become more common in Japan over the last year. UN Favorability Unfavorable U.) Favorable ratings for the UN have become notably less common since 2009 in China (-18 percentage points). Germany.S.org The United Nations Overall. The UN gets especially positive reviews in Kenya (86%) and Indonesia (79%). Britain. Mexico (-14). This may be tied in part to assistance provided by the UN following the devastating March 11 earthquake and tsunami. Poland and Lithuania.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Roughly six-in-ten Americans express a favorable view. although there are significant partisan differences on this issue – 71% of Democrats give the organization a positive rating. most Lebanese (65%) and Egyptians (54%) express a positive opinion of the organization. Israel Indonesia Japan China India Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3j. However.” released June 1. ter. as do 67% of Palestinians and 64% of Jordanians. the UN receives positive ratings in the nations polled – majorities or pluralities in 16 of 23 countries express a positive view of the organization. Pakistan (-7). see “Japanese Resilient. 62 . Roughly half of those surveyed in Japan (49%) say the UN provided either a great deal or a fair amount of assistance to Japan following the tragedy. (For more on Japanese views regarding international assistance. but See Economic Challenges Ahead. jumping from 45% to 61%. Jordan (-9).pewglobal. 2011. and Israel (-4). Roughly seven-in-ten Israelis (69%) assign an unfavorable rating. The most negative ratings are found in the Middle East. Spain. France Britain Germany Spain Poland Lithuania Russia Ukraine Turkey Lebanon Egypt Jordan Palest. At least 66% have a favorable opinion of the UN in France. It gets particularly high marks among EU member states. compared with 58% of independents and 51% of Republicans.

Poland (74%). 63 . while enthusiasm is somewhat more muted in Britain (51% favorable. 2011. and France (63%) have a positive opinion of the organization. the overall image of the EU has declined somewhat over the last year.* Israel* Jordan Lebanon Egypt Pakistan Japan Indonesia China India Brazil Mexico Kenya 57 62 49 64 77 69 81 --28 37 56 29 61 42 8 73 58 47 -55 42 80 55 66 51 63 72 64 74 78 72 23 36 51 23 55 35 9 71 45 32 23 47 33 67 -2 +4 +2 -1 -5 -5 -7 ---5 -1 -5 -6 -6 -7 +1 -2 -13 -15 --8 -9 -13 * Data from 2009 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3f. A slim majority (52%) still wants their country to become a member. ter. see “On Eve of Elections. a More Upbeat Mood in Turkey. 41% unfavorable). The organization gets its highest ratings among independents (63% favorable). with favorable ratings dropping in 13 of the 20 countries where trends from 2010 are available. 64% say they have an unfavorable opinion of the organization. Solid majorities in Lithuania (78%). Spain (72%). and Kenya (-13). when roughly two-thirds (68%) held this view. while 22% express an unfavorable view and 23% offer no opinion.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. While its ratings are still generally positive. And in Turkey. (For more on Turkish views regarding the EU. Germany Britain France Spain Russia Poland Lithuania Ukraine Turkey Palest. Indonesia (-13).org The European Union The EU continues to receive largely positive ratings. especially among the EU members states included in the survey. As negotiations regarding Turkey’s ascension into the EU have stalled in recent years. but support is down considerably from 2005.S. The organization gets its lowest ratings in parts of the Muslim world.” released June 7. and Egypt (62%) express a negative view of the EU. Turks have become less enthusiastic about eventual EU membership. A slim majority (55%) of Americans express a positive view of the EU. followed by Democrats (55%) and Republicans (46%). Germany (66%).) Declining Ratings for the EU % Favorable 2010 2011 Change % % % U. The decline has been especially notable in China (-15 percentage points). Majorities in the Arab nations of Jordan (71%).pewglobal. the Palestinian territories (63%).

64 . Germany receives strongly positive ratings. Russia Ukraine Turkey PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3l. while 64% give a negative assessment. Germans themselves are actually a little less likely to see their country in a favorable light – 73% express a positive opinion. Britain (63%). In Turkey – the only predominantly Muslim country in the military alliance – only 18% have a positive opinion of NATO.S. Germany Across the European nations surveyed. Lithuania (65%). Favorable 72 70 65 63 62 60 54 37 34 18 13 30 19 17 32 33 24 43 41 64 In the two non-member states where this question was asked –the former Soviet republics Russia and Ukraine – opinions about NATO are on balance negative. as does a 54%majority of Americans.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Britain (78%). Spain (62%). France (70%). More than three-quarters express a favorable opinion of Germany in fellow EU members France (90%). Germany gets similarly high ratings in Russia and Ukraine (78% favorable in both countries). however.org NATO Opinions of NATO continue to be largely positive among the organization’s member states. Views of Germany Unfavorable Favorable France Spain Lithuania Britain Russia Ukraine Poland Germany 10 12 11 10 12 10 19 26 90 85 82 78 78 78 76 73 PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3k. Spain (85%).pewglobal. Lithuania (82%). At least six-in-ten give NATO a favorable rating in Poland (72%). Views of NATO Unfavorable Poland France Lithuania Britain Spain Germany U. and Germany (60%). There is one clear exception to this pattern. Only 37% of Russians and 34% of Ukrainians give it a positive rating. and Poland (76%).

and Egypt. And in Poland. the Palestinian territories. just 35% have a positive view. France Britain Germany Spain Ukraine Lithuania Poland Turkey Lebanon Egypt Palest. including favorable ratings from both ethnic Russians (94%) and ethnic Ukrainians (82%). Israelis offer the most negative assessments of Russia among the nations surveyed – just 29% have a favorable opinion. Lithuania.S.org Opinions about Germany have basically held steady over the last year. a former Eastern bloc nation. Russia receives its most positive reviews in Ukraine (84% favorable).pewglobal. Germany and Spain. In the other former Soviet republic surveyed. while the British are on balance positive (50% favorable. The exception to this pattern is Lebanon – a slim 53%-majority of Lebanese say they have a positive opinion of Russia. Jordan Israel China Indonesia India Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya 32 48 31 49 45 11 42 53 67 43 62 62 63 69 37 44 20 62 42 47 48 45 Favorable 49 53 50 47 46 84 53 35 18 53 35 34 31 29 47 35 31 28 15 33 23 34 Attitudes toward Russia tend to be negative in PEW RESEARCH CENTER Q3e. down from 45% last year. a much smaller majority (53%) assigns a positive rating. while roughly seven-in-ten (69%) express an unfavorable view of Russia. Americans are also on balance favorably disposed toward Russia. opinions are fairly evenly divided in France.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Russia Favorability Unfavorable U. 31% unfavorable). By far. Russia Majorities or pluralities express a favorable view of Russia in 8 of 22 countries. especially in Jordan. ter. Among Western European nations. although favorable ratings are up by seven percentage points in Spain and six points in Britain. with 49% offering a positive view and 32% a negative one. where more than six-in-ten have an unfavorable view. 65 . the predominantly Muslim nations surveyed.

however. 62% unfavorable). a 47%-plurality holds a positive view of Russia. In neighboring China.org Ratings are also generally negative in Japan (28% favorable.pewglobal. 66 .Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.

002 Field dates March 25 – April 14 March 22 – April 13 March 21 – April 5 March 21 – April 11 March 22 .S.5 ±4.5 ±4.April 5 March 23 – April 7 March 21 – April 15 March 21 – April 4 March 22 – April 7 March 21 – April 12 March 24 – April 7 March 21 – April 7 March 21 – April 7 March 22 – April 12 March 22 – April 5 March 18 – April 6 March 26 – April 23 March 23 – April 6 April 8 – April 27.0 ±4. May 13 – May 24 May 8 – May 15 March 19 – April 5 March 22 – April 7 March 24 – April 5 Mode Telephone Telephone Telephone Telephone Telephone Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Telephone Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Face-to-face Note: For more comprehensive information on the methodology of this study.000 750 750 1.5 ±4.251 802 800 1.001 1.0 ±4.5 ±4.0 ±2.0 ±4. ter.0 ±4.0 ±3.0 ±5. see the “Methods in Detail” section.5 ±3. points) ±4.0 ±4.029 1. Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest.000 1.000 1.0 ±4.0 ±4.000 1.001 1.000 1.5 ±3.5 ±4.0 Country U.5 ±4.000 825 907 3.000 700 1.308 4.5 ±4.000 1. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Brazil Mexico Kenya Sample size 1.Methodological Appendix Margin of Error (pct.000 1.004 1. 67 .0 ±4.5 ±4.5 ±3.

000 — about 2%) Face-to-face adults 18 plus Portuguese March 19 – April 5. 2011 802 ±4.Methods in Detail About the 2011 Pew Global Attitudes Survey Results for the survey are based on telephone and face-to-face interviews conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Country: Sample design: Brazil Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Brazil’s five regions and proportional to population size and urban/rural population (excluding municipalities with a population below 5. one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling and other random effects is plus or minus the margin of error.5 percentage points Telephone households (including cell phone only households) Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: 68 .5 percentage points Adult population Britain Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of all telephone households (roughly 99% of all British households) Telephone adults 18 plus English March 22 – April 13. see below. In addition to sampling error. one should bear in mind that question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of opinion polls. 2011 1. For results based on the full sample in a given country. Survey results are based on national samples except in China. For further details on sample designs. The descriptions below show the margin of sampling error based on all interviews conducted in that country.000 ±3.

Pulandian. Tengzhou. Harbin. Harbin. The sample represents roughly 57% of the adult population. Beijing. The cities sampled were Beijing.org Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: China4 Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by China’s three regionaleconomic zones (which include all provinces except Tibet. Chishui. Gujiao. Taiyuan. Nanchang. Linan. Guizhou. 4 Data were purchased from Horizon Research Consultancy Group based on their self-sponsored survey “Chinese People View the World. Anhui. Jiangsu. Xuanwei. Shandong.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Nanjing. Chongqing. Qinghai. Guangdong.” 69 . Hefei. Guangzhou. Hefei. Qujing. Twelve cities. Guangdong. Guangzhou. Face-to-face adults 18 plus Chinese (Mandarin. Jiangxi. The towns covered were Jiangyin. Shanxi. Two or three villages near each of these towns were sampled. Zaozhuang.5 percentage points Disproportionately urban (the sample is 66% urban. Jiangxi. Xinji. Conghua. Shanxi. Shanghai. Wuxi. Shanghai. Tongcheng. east. Shandong. Yunnan. Shijiangzhuang. Jiangsu. Liaoning. Kunming. Chongqing. Leping. 2011 3. Shangzhi. Zhejiang. and west China. Guiyang. Zunyi. Dalian. Heilongjiang. China’s population is 47% urban).308 ±2. and Zhejiang dialects) March 18 – April 6. Hangzhou. Hebei. Guizhou.pewglobal. Anqing. Yunnan. towns and villages were sampled covering central. Jingdezhen. Xinjiang. Hebei. Taiyuan. and Xining. Hong Kong and Macao) with disproportional sampling of the urban population.

2011 1.0 percentage points Adult population France Random Digit Dial (RDD) sample representative of all telephone households (roughly 99% of all French households) with quotas for gender.org Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Egypt Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by governorates (excluding Frontier governorates for security reasons—about 2% of the population) proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Arabic March 24 – April 7.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.5 percentage points Telephone households (excluding cell phone only households — between 5% and 10%) Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: 70 . 2011 1. 2011 1.001 ±4.5 percentage points Telephone households (including cell phone only households) Germany Random Last Two Digit Dial (RL(2)D) probability sample representative of roughly 95% of the German population proportional to population size Telephone adults 18 plus German March 21 – April 11. age and occupation and proportional to region size and urban/rural population Telephone adults 18 plus French March 21 – April 5.pewglobal.000 ±4.004 ±3.

2011 1. Telugu. Oriya. 2011 4. Jharkhand. and Karnataka in the South—with disproportional sampling of the urban population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Hindi. Bihar.pewglobal.029 ±3. Sample covers roughly 86% of the adult population. Indonesia Multi-stage cluster sample representative of roughly 88% of the population (excluding Papua and remote areas or provinces with small populations) proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Indonesian March 23 – April 6. Rajasthan. Tamil Nadu. and Punjab in the North.5 percentage points Sample is disproportionately urban. English March 26 – April 23.000 ±4. and Orissa in the East.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. Marathi. but data are weighted to reflect the actual urban/rural distribution in India. Tamil. Andhra Pradesh. West Bengal. Gujarat. and Madhya Pradesh in the West.0 percentage points Adult population (excludes 12% of population) Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: 71 . Kannad. Bengali. Gujarati.org Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: India Multi-stage cluster sample in 14 states and all four regions – Uttar Pradesh. Delhi. Maharashtra.

Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www. households with no telephones – about 5%.pewglobal.0 percentage points Adult population Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: 72 . 381 Arabs. 2011 1.4% of the population living in areas most affected by the earthquake) Telephone adults 18 plus Japanese April 8 .5 percentage points Telephone households (excluding cell phone only households – less than 5%.4%) Jordan Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by region and Jordan’s 12 governorates and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Arabic March 21 – April 7. and the population living in areas most affected by the earthquake – 5. 2011 700 ±4.April 27. May 13 – May 24. 22 others) ±5. Arabic March 22 – April 5.org Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Israel Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Israel’s six districts proportional to population size and urban/rural population with an oversample of Arabs Face-to-face adults 18 plus Hebrew. 2011 907 (504 Jews.000 ±4.0 percentage points Adult population Japan Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of all landline telephone households stratified by region and population size (excluding 5.

5 percentage points Adult population Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: 73 . 2011 1. Somali March 24 .pewglobal. which border Israel and are inaccessible to outsiders) and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Arabic March 21 – April 7.0 percentage points Adult population Lebanon Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Lebanon’s seven major regions (excluding a small area in Beirut controlled by a militia group and a few villages in the south Lebanon.000 ±4.002 ±4. 2011 1.org Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Kenya Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by all eight regions and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Swahili.April 5.0 percentage points Adult population Lithuania Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Lithuania’s 10 counties and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Lithuanian March 23 – April 7. English. 2011 750 ±4.Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.

Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.pewglobal.org

Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design:

Mexico Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Mexico’s geographical regions and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Spanish March 22 – April 7, 2011 800 ±4.5 percentage points Adult population Pakistan Multi-stage cluster sample of all four provinces stratified by province (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, GilgitBaltistan, Azad Jammu and Kashmir were excluded for security reasons as were areas of instability in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa [formerly the North-West Frontier Province] and Baluchistan – roughly 15% of the population) with disproportional sampling of the urban population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Urdu, Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Hindko, Brahavi May 8 – May 15, 2011 1,251 ±4.0 percentage points Sample is disproportionately urban, but data are weighted to reflect the actual urban/rural distribution in Pakistan. Sample covers roughly 85% of the adult population. Palestinian territories Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by 17 districts in Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Arabic March 22 – April 12, 2011 825 ±4.0 percentage points Adult population

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

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Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project – www.pewglobal.org

Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design

Poland Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Poland’s 16 provinces and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Polish March 21 – April 15, 2011 750 ±4.5 percentage points Adult population Russia Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Russia’s eight regions (excluding a few remote areas in the northern and eastern parts of the country and Chechnya) and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Russian March 21 – April 4, 2011 1,000 ±4.0 percentage points Adult population Spain Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of telephone households (about 99% of Spanish households) stratified by region and proportional to population size Telephone adults 18 plus Spanish/Castilian March 22 – April 5, 2011 1,000 ±3.5 percentage points Telephone households (including cell phone only households)

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

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Country: Sample design:

Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative: Country: Sample design: Mode: Languages: Fieldwork dates: Sample size: Margin of Error: Representative:

Turkey Multi-stage cluster sample in all 26 regions (based on geographical location and level of development [NUTS 2]) and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Turkish March 21 – April 12, 2011 1,000 ±4.0 percentage points Adult population Ukraine Multi-stage cluster sample stratified by Ukraine’s four regions and proportional to population size and urban/rural population Face-to-face adults 18 plus Russian, Ukrainian March 22 – April 7, 2011 1,000 ±4.0 percentage points Adult population United States Random Digit Dial (RDD) probability sample representative of all telephone households in the continental U.S. stratified by county Telephone adults 18 plus English March 25 – April 14, 2011 1,001 ±4.0 percentage points Telephone households in continental U.S. (including cell phone only households)

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Not all questions included in the Spring 2011 survey are presented in this topline. because they are based on unrounded numbers. 2011 Release Methodological notes: • Survey results are based on national samples except in China. while 2011 results are nationally representative. Omitted questions have either been previously released or will be released in future reports.Pew Global Attitudes Project 2011 Spring Survey Topline Results July 13. The topline “total” columns show 100%. 2011 survey in Pakistan was fielded before the death of Osama bin Laden (April 10 – April 26). For further details on sample designs. see Survey Methods section. Previous trends from India are not shown because those results were based on disproportionately urban samples of the population. Spring. totals may add to more than 100%. numbers may differ slightly from those published prior to 2007. percentages may not total 100%. Due to rounding. Since 2010. the samples have been nationally representative. while the Late Spring. the samples have been nationally representative. • • • • • • • 77 . Since 2007. When multiple responses are allowed. As a result. 2011 survey was conducted afterwards (May 8 – May 15). Since 2006. Trends from Egypt in 2002 are not shown because those results were based on a disproportionately urban sample of the population. Trends from Brazil prior to 2010 are not shown because those results were based on disproportionately urban samples of the population. the Global Attitudes Project has used an automated process to generate toplines.

2003 March. 2005 March. 2010 Fall. 2005 March. 2003 Summer. 2010 Fall. 2004 May. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2008 Spring. 2006 May. 2008 Spring. 2002 Britain Spring. 2002 France Spring. 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2004 May. 2006 May. 2009 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer. are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? Satisfied United States Spring.Q2 Overall. 2009 Spring. 2004 Summer. 2002 Germany Spring. 2005 March. 2002 21 30 30 36 23 25 29 39 39 41 32 31 29 21 30 30 35 44 38 46 30 32 25 26 32 27 29 22 20 28 32 44 31 32 43 39 48 43 34 33 29 25 20 25 18 31 Dissatisfied 73 62 64 61 70 71 65 57 55 55 61 63 64 76 65 66 58 51 58 49 63 64 75 74 67 73 71 78 80 71 68 56 67 67 54 59 50 54 63 66 67 73 78 73 79 66 DK/Refused 6 8 7 3 6 4 6 5 6 4 7 7 7 4 5 4 6 5 4 5 6 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 2 2 3 3 2 5 2 2 2 3 3 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 78 . 2011 Spring. 2004 May. 2003 March. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 March.

2011 Spring. 2003 Lithuania Spring. 2007 Summer. 2003 Summer. 2010 Fall.Q2 Overall. 2006 May. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Fall. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 15 22 21 21 50 51 50 51 45 41 14 7 30 47 36 20 42 18 13 7 9 32 34 34 27 54 36 32 23 26 27 35 20 9 7 9 9 48 38 22 21 39 40 41 40 19 18 4 Dissatisfied 83 76 75 77 43 45 46 44 52 47 81 90 66 47 59 67 47 74 82 89 87 60 59 60 65 43 56 62 71 69 64 58 71 87 88 88 89 49 60 75 75 58 56 55 58 79 81 93 DK/Refused 2 2 3 2 7 4 4 5 3 12 5 3 4 6 5 12 11 8 5 4 4 8 7 6 9 4 9 7 6 5 9 6 9 5 4 3 3 3 2 3 4 3 4 4 2 2 2 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 79 . 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2004 May. 2010 Fall. 2011 Fall. 2002 Turkey Spring. are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? Satisfied Spain Spring. 2003 Summer. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2003 March. 2003 Summer. 2008 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2003 March. 2007 May. 2005 March. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 May. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 March. 2003 March. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 May. 2006 May. 2006 May. 2009 Poland Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2002 Ukraine Spring. 2007 Spring. 2002 Russia Spring.

2002 65 28 31 40 47 55 44 35 46 49 56 53 69 59 42 21 11 11 11 6 6 40 14 7 13 8 5 6 39 25 18 27 85 87 87 86 83 81 72 48 Dissatisfied 34 69 67 57 51 42 54 64 52 47 42 44 30 30 56 78 87 86 87 92 92 59 84 92 85 91 91 92 56 72 79 71 10 9 9 11 12 13 19 33 DK/Refused 2 3 2 4 2 2 3 1 2 4 2 3 1 11 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 3 1 4 2 5 3 3 3 5 4 4 3 5 6 10 19 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 80 . 2005 March. 2003 Summer. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 China Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2005 May. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 May. 2011 Spring. 2003 Israel Spring. 2002 Lebanon Spring. 2004 May. Spring. 2007 Spring.Q2 Overall. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2006 Jordan Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 May. 2006 May. 2009 Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2002 Palest. 2007 May. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? Satisfied Egypt Spring.

2006 Summer.Q2 Overall. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 May. 2002 Brazil Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 May. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2002 51 36 41 40 30 22 26 35 15 7 25 20 25 23 22 27 12 6 9 14 9 25 39 35 57 54 29 49 52 50 22 19 20 30 30 16 19 17 9 45 8 Dissatisfied 47 61 56 58 68 77 73 64 85 92 72 76 73 74 71 72 86 92 89 84 89 73 57 58 39 41 67 39 46 49 76 79 78 68 66 79 81 82 90 54 90 DK/Refused 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 2 3 7 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 4 7 4 5 4 12 3 2 2 2 3 2 3 6 0 1 1 1 1 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 81 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2002 Japan Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2006 May. 2005 March. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring. 2007 Summer. 2002 Kenya Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? Satisfied India Indonesia Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2009 Spring.

2005 March. 2003 Summer. 2008 Spring. 2006 May. 2002 France Spring. 2003 Summer. 2007 Spring. 2002 Germany Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2007 Spring. 2003 Lithuania Spring. 2003 Summer. 2005 March. 2003 March. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Britain Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2004 May. 2010 Spring. 2004 May. 2006 May. 2006 May. 2003 March. 2004 May. somewhat favorable. 2005 March. 2003 March. 2008 Spring. 2003 March.Q3a Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2011 45 48 52 53 47 49 50 12 14 13 8 9 11 13 15 18 14 27 7 5 8 4 5 2 3 6 8 6 8 4 5 4 3 2 2 4 3 6 4 9 14 8 7 2 2 4 14 8 3 12 Somewhat favorable 34 37 36 31 33 27 33 49 51 56 45 42 45 42 43 52 34 48 68 68 67 38 34 37 40 31 34 25 54 58 58 60 28 28 35 38 35 39 21 51 50 53 51 31 32 19 27 30 11 61 Somewhat unfavorable 10 8 6 8 12 10 10 22 18 14 25 29 20 27 24 14 24 12 22 21 20 39 44 43 42 42 38 45 26 32 31 26 53 47 46 44 49 42 41 31 22 23 22 33 32 37 34 29 35 18 Very unfavorable 7 3 3 6 6 7 4 6 6 6 12 13 13 11 10 12 16 4 4 5 5 18 16 17 15 20 19 22 8 3 4 7 13 19 14 10 10 12 30 4 7 5 6 22 28 36 16 26 39 2 DK/Refused 4 4 2 3 2 6 3 12 10 10 10 7 11 7 8 5 11 9 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 5 3 1 4 4 6 11 14 12 6 5 9 6 12 7 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 82 . 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2005 May. The United States Very favorable United States Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 Spain Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: a. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring.

2010 Spring. The United States Very favorable Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2006 May. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2002 Ukraine Spring. 2003 Summer.Q3a Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2002 Lebanon Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2003 March. 2006 Jordan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 May. 2009 Spring. 2007 May. 2003 Summer. 2004 May. 2002 Turkey Spring. 2003 Summer. 2005 March. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2002 Russia Spring. 2005 March. 2007 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: a. 2002 Egypt Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 May. 2008 Spring. 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2003 March. 2011 7 14 7 6 12 11 9 14 13 9 6 12 8 9 9 9 11 4 8 10 10 30 2 2 2 4 2 2 4 6 2 3 6 9 4 12 10 7 5 5 7 7 5 8 6 9 2 0 6 18 Somewhat favorable 63 60 60 62 49 51 41 65 43 48 38 34 33 34 43 37 26 24 53 50 44 50 8 15 12 8 7 10 19 24 13 9 24 11 13 15 12 14 25 8 14 18 14 12 9 12 3 1 19 31 Somewhat unfavorable 16 17 18 20 25 18 33 10 26 26 33 28 32 28 31 29 32 43 27 23 19 14 15 15 12 7 8 9 13 18 15 17 13 30 34 31 35 32 33 35 34 30 31 26 30 21 26 16 18 14 Very unfavorable 3 2 6 4 6 5 11 1 8 7 11 20 16 19 9 15 23 25 6 7 20 5 62 59 57 70 75 67 54 45 68 67 41 49 48 39 40 46 36 49 45 44 48 52 55 59 67 83 57 35 DK/Refused 10 6 9 8 9 14 7 10 10 10 12 7 11 10 8 11 8 4 7 10 7 2 13 9 16 11 8 12 10 7 3 5 16 1 1 3 4 2 1 3 1 1 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 83 . 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2007 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 March. 2006 May. 2010 Spring. 2007 Summer.

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. ter. 2008 Spring. 2006 May. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2005 May. 2006 May. 2003 Israel Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: a. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 May. 2009 Spring. 2003 China Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. The United States Very favorable Lebanon Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring.Q3a Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2007 May. 2011 Spring. 2002 14 15 18 16 22 8 9 2 2 4 0 14 26 29 32 7 9 6 5 2 9 5 19 13 8 13 7 4 7 6 2 5 26 7 6 4 8 8 13 2 1 3 3 6 4 7 6 4 3 2 Somewhat favorable 38 40 33 31 20 19 27 16 13 9 0 58 45 49 46 37 49 41 36 32 38 37 22 41 51 50 30 25 23 32 13 56 59 59 53 46 53 55 59 10 10 14 13 13 11 20 17 17 10 8 Somewhat unfavorable 14 14 19 24 18 23 21 31 16 16 13 23 19 15 12 34 30 38 37 47 37 40 7 30 28 26 37 41 42 40 35 27 13 28 34 41 33 29 23 11 10 13 14 11 14 14 12 10 10 11 Very unfavorable 33 31 30 28 40 48 38 49 66 70 85 5 7 5 8 12 7 8 11 10 6 13 3 10 6 4 16 25 25 17 48 9 1 4 3 7 3 6 3 62 65 55 54 52 54 42 48 50 71 58 DK/Refused 0 0 1 1 0 2 6 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 10 5 7 11 8 10 5 49 6 6 8 10 5 4 5 1 3 1 2 3 2 3 3 2 16 14 16 16 17 16 17 18 18 6 20 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 84 . 2007 May. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 India Indonesia Spring. somewhat favorable. 2007 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2006 Summer. 2004 May. 2002 Palest. 2005 May. 2011 Spring. 2002 Japan Spring. 2010 Spring.

2011 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: a. 2002 Kenya Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring.Q3a Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2002 10 7 6 13 15 13 10 15 54 71 68 43 45 Somewhat favorable 52 55 46 43 54 34 46 49 29 23 22 44 35 Somewhat unfavorable 22 24 32 21 18 25 26 15 7 2 2 8 10 Very unfavorable 6 5 9 14 9 19 15 10 4 1 1 3 5 DK/Refused 11 8 7 9 5 9 3 10 5 3 5 3 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 85 . The United States Very favorable Brazil Spring. 2007 Summer. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring.

2002 France Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: b. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2008 Spring.Q3b Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2003 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2006 May. 2005 March. 2003 Summer. 2002 Spain Spring. 2006 May. 2008 Spring. 2006 May. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2004 May. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2005 Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 Germany Spring. 2010 Spring. 2004 May. 2005 March. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2004 May. 2011 Spring. Americans Very favorable United States Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2008 52 45 52 50 46 53 49 18 19 17 13 16 20 18 20 27 24 8 6 8 7 7 5 5 5 13 10 8 7 4 7 10 5 9 9 15 12 15 8 5 2 6 4 16 11 10 9 15 7 8 Somewhat favorable 35 41 38 38 40 32 39 55 54 56 57 54 49 52 52 53 58 70 66 67 57 54 60 59 48 45 61 62 61 60 48 53 61 57 59 52 58 49 51 47 39 40 33 40 36 63 65 65 65 62 Somewhat unfavorable 7 8 7 7 10 6 8 12 11 12 14 16 16 18 14 9 8 18 23 21 26 31 27 29 30 29 21 23 23 22 29 26 22 20 20 23 20 20 20 21 24 27 33 22 25 17 13 13 16 18 Very unfavorable 3 3 1 2 2 3 1 4 3 3 5 4 5 4 5 5 3 3 4 5 10 8 8 7 13 13 5 1 2 5 5 7 4 4 5 7 3 7 5 4 15 18 18 8 16 2 2 2 4 3 DK/Refused 3 3 2 3 2 6 2 12 12 11 11 10 10 8 9 5 8 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 3 1 3 6 7 9 11 5 7 11 6 4 7 9 17 23 19 10 11 15 13 8 11 5 9 8 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 86 . 2005 May. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring.

2010 Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 May. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 Jordan Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Summer. Americans Very favorable Poland Spring. 2006 May. 2003 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2002 Turkey Spring. 2005 March. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2002 Ukraine Spring. 2002 11 13 12 13 11 9 12 8 11 10 13 17 9 14 14 36 1 2 2 3 1 2 4 6 5 6 10 7 13 11 7 8 9 12 10 9 6 3 9 4 3 21 24 21 23 21 25 32 21 14 Somewhat favorable 52 55 65 50 53 48 45 46 46 51 51 48 58 54 53 48 11 14 12 10 12 15 19 26 27 26 26 32 27 20 24 28 28 32 29 27 30 36 25 17 15 33 38 45 46 53 44 34 41 33 Somewhat unfavorable 22 14 11 19 21 23 22 26 23 23 17 18 21 17 16 11 21 18 13 11 14 14 17 21 17 12 30 32 32 30 27 30 30 28 26 35 32 31 27 40 36 17 9 12 14 10 14 18 21 22 Very unfavorable 4 3 1 6 5 8 12 8 11 6 8 7 3 5 11 4 53 52 52 59 63 55 46 33 43 38 29 27 28 35 40 33 31 26 34 28 30 30 39 33 46 29 26 22 17 16 17 14 17 24 DK/Refused 11 16 11 11 10 12 9 11 10 11 11 10 9 10 7 2 14 15 21 17 10 14 14 15 8 18 5 3 1 5 2 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 0 6 0 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 7 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 87 . 2005 March. 2002 Egypt Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2005 Summer. 2005 March. 2004 May. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2003 Summer. 2006 May. 2003 Summer. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 May. 2007 May. 2004 May. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: b. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Lebanon Spring. 2002 Russia Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2007 Spring.Q3b Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2007 May.

2009 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2007 Spring. 2007 May. ter. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2007 May. 2010 Spring. 2003 Israel Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2006 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 May. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2004 May. somewhat favorable. 2002 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: b. 2003 China Spring. Americans Very favorable Palest. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. Spring. 2008 Spring. 2006 May. 2002 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring.Q3b Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 India Indonesia Spring. 2007 2 1 4 0 17 27 26 30 6 10 4 5 3 6 5 20 9 5 7 7 4 6 8 6 5 23 8 9 5 11 16 10 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 5 8 3 7 5 4 10 11 9 10 Somewhat favorable 22 19 17 6 58 47 49 48 36 51 38 33 35 44 38 29 43 50 47 38 38 30 38 50 60 64 67 61 60 64 66 63 10 10 15 17 16 15 22 17 20 30 14 51 55 38 39 46 35 42 Somewhat unfavorable 34 21 25 24 16 16 19 12 33 27 41 38 44 34 38 9 29 31 31 32 39 42 37 31 25 10 18 23 27 18 13 22 13 16 21 18 17 18 18 14 13 11 12 24 26 36 26 26 27 30 Very unfavorable 40 56 50 68 7 7 3 5 14 7 9 12 9 5 11 5 9 6 5 12 13 18 9 11 8 0 3 2 3 1 3 2 55 53 40 39 39 42 34 41 34 40 50 6 4 16 13 10 19 12 DK/Refused 2 3 4 2 2 3 2 5 11 5 7 12 9 12 8 37 9 8 10 11 6 5 8 2 3 3 4 4 4 5 2 4 20 19 20 22 24 21 20 22 27 11 22 11 9 7 13 7 11 6 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 88 . 2005 March. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring. 2008 Spring.

somewhat favorable. 2011 Spring. 2002 11 46 63 63 40 45 Somewhat favorable 45 35 28 24 46 34 Somewhat unfavorable 19 10 5 5 8 8 Very unfavorable 13 4 1 2 3 7 DK/Refused 12 5 3 5 2 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 89 . 2010 Spring. 2002 Spring. Americans Very favorable Mexico Kenya Summer.Q3b Please tell me if you have a very favorable. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: b. 2007 Summer. 2009 Spring.

2006 May. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: c. 2006 May. 2006 May. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 Germany Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 Russia Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.Q3c Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2005 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 May. 2007 Spring. China Very favorable United States Spring. 2005 Spain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2005 France Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2007 May. 2006 May. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2002 12 10 9 9 8 12 9 12 8 8 7 7 10 13 7 6 6 3 4 7 6 3 2 2 2 5 6 5 18 7 5 3 4 5 18 3 5 8 3 1 4 5 14 12 9 10 9 14 11 12 Somewhat favorable 39 39 41 30 34 40 34 47 38 44 40 42 55 52 44 35 35 25 43 53 52 31 28 27 24 29 50 41 37 40 35 28 35 40 39 49 46 38 40 32 35 32 49 48 49 50 51 49 49 59 Somewhat unfavorable 22 24 25 26 25 19 22 20 26 22 24 21 11 13 33 35 38 39 38 29 29 48 46 50 45 42 28 33 24 30 33 33 30 26 16 32 25 33 31 39 34 25 19 23 24 24 21 20 23 16 Very unfavorable 14 12 13 16 14 10 13 6 9 7 12 6 3 3 16 24 22 33 13 12 13 11 15 13 23 12 5 4 15 8 8 23 13 12 5 4 7 8 10 15 8 9 6 6 5 6 5 7 6 2 DK/Refused 12 14 13 19 18 19 22 16 19 18 17 25 20 18 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 7 8 8 6 12 10 16 5 15 19 13 17 18 23 13 17 12 17 13 19 30 11 11 12 10 13 10 12 11 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 90 . 2008 Spring. 2005 Britain Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring.

2009 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2007 May. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 Palest. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Summer. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2008 Spring. China Very favorable Ukraine Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2007 China Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. ter. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: c. 2009 Spring. 2006 May. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q3c Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Egypt Spring. 2006 Jordan Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 India Indonesia Spring. 2006 May. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2002 8 13 2 3 3 6 4 7 9 19 15 20 22 26 20 13 18 15 9 7 8 6 14 13 9 12 13 19 9 6 6 11 14 7 64 64 62 60 53 58 53 6 11 5 8 6 5 11 16 4 Somewhat favorable 55 51 16 17 13 18 21 26 31 38 37 32 37 39 43 31 35 35 35 39 41 37 45 43 44 38 33 47 53 37 40 38 42 38 31 33 33 35 40 36 35 19 56 53 51 52 60 51 57 64 Somewhat unfavorable 20 15 22 16 12 11 17 12 15 27 30 29 21 25 20 34 36 32 36 35 36 35 24 28 29 18 19 21 22 21 24 36 25 35 3 2 5 2 6 4 8 16 23 33 30 28 26 28 23 24 Very unfavorable 3 3 44 45 45 39 36 32 24 12 13 19 8 6 12 18 10 18 16 14 10 18 13 14 14 24 29 7 14 29 19 10 12 10 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 19 5 4 4 6 4 3 2 6 DK/Refused 14 18 17 19 27 26 22 24 22 4 5 0 12 4 6 3 2 1 4 6 5 5 3 2 4 8 6 6 2 8 11 5 8 9 1 0 0 2 2 2 2 40 6 6 8 8 5 6 2 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 91 . 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2010 Spring. 2005 Lebanon Spring.

China Very favorable Japan Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. somewhat favorable. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: c. 2009 Spring. 2006 Summer. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 2 2 2 1 3 3 8 58 60 61 57 54 57 47 56 7 6 3 8 9 8 10 31 53 40 40 Somewhat favorable 32 24 24 13 26 24 47 24 25 24 27 22 22 22 23 42 46 36 31 30 30 33 40 33 33 41 Somewhat unfavorable 45 49 50 50 51 49 35 1 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 27 28 35 21 26 23 28 14 8 9 12 Very unfavorable 16 20 19 34 16 22 7 2 2 1 1 5 4 3 2 10 6 11 10 17 15 13 7 2 5 3 DK/Refused 4 4 5 2 4 1 3 15 11 12 13 16 15 23 17 15 14 16 30 18 24 15 8 4 13 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 92 . 2005 Brazil Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring. 2010 Spring.Q3c Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.

2007 Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 Britain Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. Iran Very favorable United States Spring. 2007 Russia Spring. 2006 France Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2006 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: d. 2009 Spring. 2006 Germany Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring.Q3d Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 Ukraine Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 3 3 1 4 5 2 8 4 2 4 3 2 3 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 1 2 1 3 2 1 1 1 3 0 1 4 1 0 2 9 7 5 6 6 10 4 7 6 5 4 6 5 Somewhat favorable 16 15 10 17 15 12 17 19 20 25 30 22 31 18 17 21 17 13 21 8 8 10 11 8 11 8 11 13 10 14 19 16 23 22 19 16 15 33 29 33 34 31 33 34 31 18 21 15 18 23 Somewhat unfavorable 28 29 25 28 27 26 26 32 33 33 30 33 24 37 37 44 45 41 47 48 49 55 53 45 50 39 48 46 36 40 34 51 41 42 42 46 43 27 30 28 29 33 29 31 29 25 15 12 11 18 Very unfavorable 39 38 52 35 37 45 31 26 25 19 16 24 15 41 44 32 37 43 30 38 37 27 29 40 32 43 25 24 41 32 32 14 15 20 19 22 25 8 15 7 10 7 9 7 13 37 43 46 45 38 DK/Refused 14 15 12 15 16 14 18 19 19 19 22 19 28 1 0 1 0 1 0 5 6 7 6 5 6 7 13 15 13 13 11 19 20 12 18 15 15 24 20 26 22 23 20 25 20 15 16 23 20 16 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 93 . 2008 Spring. 2006 Spain Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. somewhat favorable.

Q3d Please tell me if you have a very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: d. Iran Very favorable Turkey Spring, 2006 Summer, 2002 Egypt Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Jordan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Lebanon Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Palest. ter. Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Israel Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 China Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 India Indonesia Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Japan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Pakistan Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 18 5 3 5 7 9 6 13 3 11 5 10 8 12 25 23 23 19 17 7 12 17 1 2 1 3 3 2 2 2 2 3 11 7 8 8 8 22 1 1 1 1 1 3 33 35 35 33 39 38 Somewhat favorable 35 17 19 28 28 37 42 46 20 26 25 31 38 37 14 16 12 15 19 42 37 38 5 5 4 26 24 23 22 24 24 14 47 55 47 45 56 55 19 11 15 16 13 20 38 38 37 41 28 30 Somewhat unfavorable 15 17 38 34 25 34 39 30 35 34 24 29 32 33 12 13 8 10 14 30 19 17 11 25 16 41 47 47 42 46 40 15 22 22 23 21 17 13 44 53 48 51 46 53 5 5 6 4 7 4 Very unfavorable 20 44 37 32 37 20 11 9 37 29 42 27 21 18 47 47 54 56 50 19 29 22 81 64 77 13 13 10 11 9 8 14 4 4 4 6 3 2 13 22 19 19 24 15 3 5 3 4 5 6 DK/Refused 12 17 2 1 4 1 1 1 5 1 4 4 1 1 2 1 3 1 1 2 3 6 2 4 3 18 14 17 23 19 26 54 16 13 17 20 16 7 24 13 17 12 15 8 22 18 19 18 21 21 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

94

Q3d Please tell me if you have a very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: d. Iran Very favorable Pakistan Brazil Spring, 2006 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Mexico Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Kenya Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 41 2 1 2 1 3 2 6 7 15 10 13 Somewhat favorable 31 18 17 19 15 17 11 18 20 31 26 25 Somewhat unfavorable 6 40 46 38 27 27 24 33 30 31 23 33 Very unfavorable 4 21 19 20 19 23 32 25 27 13 19 23 DK/Refused 18 20 16 21 38 30 32 17 17 10 22 6 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

95

Q3e Please tell me if you have a very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: e. Russia Very favorable United States Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Britain Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 France Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Germany Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Spain Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Lithuania Poland Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Russia Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Ukraine Spring, 2011 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Turkey Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Egypt Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Jordan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Lebanon Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Palest. ter. Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 8 7 7 4 7 6 5 4 4 3 2 2 2 3 2 2 10 4 3 3 7 3 6 2 4 41 43 40 47 35 39 60 3 1 2 1 4 6 7 9 5 6 8 10 14 12 13 13 3 3 Somewhat favorable 41 42 36 40 43 40 40 43 49 48 41 33 45 47 40 32 36 36 33 32 46 32 39 31 30 43 44 47 42 49 42 27 15 15 11 16 31 34 41 37 26 31 34 38 39 43 44 35 31 30 Somewhat unfavorable 22 24 27 24 24 26 26 26 37 37 42 48 42 38 41 52 31 35 35 37 34 41 35 40 39 9 7 8 7 9 13 9 23 17 14 16 38 33 29 26 39 38 36 31 25 25 27 22 42 27 Very unfavorable 10 8 12 11 7 6 7 5 11 12 14 17 7 7 10 10 14 9 9 12 8 12 11 16 19 2 2 2 1 2 3 3 44 48 49 48 24 25 23 24 24 20 22 18 18 15 11 25 20 31 DK/Refused 19 19 18 21 19 22 21 23 0 0 1 0 5 5 7 4 10 16 20 17 5 11 7 10 8 5 4 3 4 4 3 1 16 18 24 18 3 2 0 4 7 5 1 3 5 4 6 5 4 9 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

96

2009 Spring. Russia Very favorable Palest. 2011 Spring. 2007 Japan Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2011 Spring. 2007 4 3 6 5 5 5 5 5 13 4 2 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 4 2 1 1 4 6 5 8 16 10 17 Somewhat favorable 26 26 25 24 42 44 41 49 18 31 36 29 33 27 29 22 20 14 9 9 9 14 31 37 22 21 23 33 26 31 25 40 Somewhat unfavorable 32 38 38 41 26 32 35 27 12 31 35 33 36 48 48 50 50 12 15 16 17 18 33 34 32 18 22 25 26 31 21 26 Very unfavorable 27 31 27 25 11 8 8 5 8 13 9 8 5 14 12 18 17 30 31 35 37 24 14 9 16 13 14 11 19 11 18 9 DK/Refused 11 2 4 5 16 11 12 14 49 21 19 28 23 10 10 9 11 42 43 40 36 40 21 19 29 45 36 26 20 11 25 8 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 97 . 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Pakistan Late Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 China Spring. 2009 Spring. Israel Spring. ter. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Kenya Spring. 2007 Brazil Spring. 2007 India Indonesia Spring. 2009 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: e. 2010 Spring.Q3e Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring.

2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2004 Ukraine Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2007 March. 2010 Spring. 2004 Germany Spring. 2007 Jordan Spring. 2009 Spring. 2004 France Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Russia Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 15 13 14 9 7 13 13 9 8 10 13 14 13 12 9 12 8 11 8 12 13 23 15 15 16 11 14 21 15 23 15 19 16 15 11 17 21 5 4 4 5 22 9 10 14 19 5 11 10 8 Somewhat favorable 40 44 42 38 32 40 38 40 42 42 41 49 51 50 53 57 58 51 57 56 45 49 62 62 64 67 60 60 62 60 49 50 53 47 51 55 56 18 24 18 22 36 26 32 32 33 18 18 16 18 Somewhat unfavorable 16 14 15 15 17 10 22 21 21 21 21 26 28 28 27 22 27 28 26 24 33 17 15 14 12 14 16 12 12 10 14 12 13 15 13 11 8 19 12 9 14 15 29 30 26 30 32 30 37 40 Very unfavorable 6 6 8 7 9 4 19 21 18 16 15 11 9 9 11 9 5 7 6 6 6 7 3 2 3 1 3 2 3 1 5 3 4 3 5 3 3 45 45 50 44 20 33 25 24 14 39 37 35 30 DK/Refused 23 23 22 30 35 33 8 10 10 10 9 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 3 2 3 3 4 6 5 7 7 5 7 7 17 16 15 20 21 14 12 14 14 20 15 7 3 2 5 4 5 5 3 4 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 98 . 2007 March. 2007 March. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 Egypt Spring. 2004 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2004 Spain Spring. 2007 March. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Britain Spring. somewhat favorable. 2009 Spring.Q3f Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Lithuania Poland Spring. The European Union Very favorable United States Spring. 2007 March. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: f. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 March. 2009 Spring.

2010 Spring. Spring. 2011 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2007 Japan Spring. 2007 China Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. The European Union Very favorable Jordan Lebanon March. 2004 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 3 17 18 20 21 5 6 7 7 14 9 5 6 4 4 4 7 7 8 7 10 10 7 6 1 1 1 1 3 3 5 3 4 13 10 10 26 49 36 37 Somewhat favorable 14 38 43 46 38 31 31 25 44 42 40 27 41 35 36 19 38 51 42 48 61 63 58 55 8 5 7 8 11 16 42 52 29 29 31 40 41 31 26 45 Somewhat unfavorable 44 21 19 18 18 34 24 28 34 26 27 32 29 34 33 11 24 22 17 19 16 13 19 22 10 10 11 10 18 11 23 23 24 14 16 18 11 9 12 9 Very unfavorable 31 22 19 16 15 29 33 32 12 14 17 15 10 10 7 6 11 6 6 3 1 3 2 5 35 36 34 36 22 22 9 4 15 6 8 9 6 3 6 3 DK/Refused 10 2 2 1 8 2 6 8 3 5 6 20 15 16 20 60 20 15 27 22 12 11 13 12 47 48 46 46 46 48 21 17 27 38 35 23 16 7 21 6 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 . 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2004 Brazil Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Palest. 2011 Spring. 2007 March. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: f. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 India Indonesia Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2007 Pakistan Late Spring. 2011 Spring. ter.Q3f Please tell me if you have a very favorable.

2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2004 Germany Spring. 2006 March.Q3j Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2004 France Spring. 2009 Spring. 2004 Ukraine Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 Lithuania Poland Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: j. 2007 Spring. 2011 19 18 9 15 14 21 17 11 16 22 14 9 9 10 10 9 6 8 13 21 22 8 10 11 4 14 10 15 11 10 12 11 13 7 15 5 3 3 5 13 17 15 8 11 11 13 10 6 6 20 Somewhat favorable 42 43 39 36 41 52 50 47 49 52 62 65 57 62 57 64 59 56 55 50 44 53 53 49 62 58 62 53 43 46 46 38 47 47 48 18 15 20 24 38 37 41 36 38 24 31 22 24 15 45 Somewhat unfavorable 16 16 23 19 20 14 15 23 15 14 18 20 26 20 24 19 23 27 21 20 19 20 18 22 14 14 10 16 20 17 19 20 13 15 14 21 11 18 19 16 26 23 30 27 33 23 31 33 26 18 Very unfavorable 12 13 16 19 15 4 7 8 8 4 5 6 7 8 6 2 4 4 4 3 10 4 9 8 2 2 2 5 6 6 5 9 5 5 8 40 46 39 32 19 18 21 25 24 31 34 35 36 47 16 DK/Refused 11 10 13 11 11 10 12 10 11 7 0 0 0 0 3 6 7 5 7 6 5 14 10 10 19 13 16 11 20 21 18 22 21 26 15 16 26 20 20 14 2 0 1 0 1 0 2 1 6 1 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 . somewhat favorable. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 March. 2006 March. 2009 Spring. 2006 March. 2006 Jordan Spring. 2004 Lebanon Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 March. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Russia Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. The United Nations Very favorable United States Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 March. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 Egypt Spring. 2006 March. 2004 Spain Spring. 2007 Spring. 2004 Britain Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2006 India Indonesia Spring. 2006 March. 2011 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: j. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 Japan Spring. ter. 2009 Spring. 2007 China Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Palest. 2011 Spring.Q3j Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 Pakistan Late Spring. 2004 Brazil Mexico Spring. somewhat favorable. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. The United Nations Very favorable Lebanon Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Kenya Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 30 32 3 4 4 4 5 7 5 10 6 7 9 26 24 25 30 10 5 5 8 3 4 5 4 18 9 5 8 20 17 57 48 51 Somewhat favorable 32 30 28 26 23 24 27 31 32 45 46 45 19 53 55 56 48 51 40 36 48 18 18 23 13 24 26 47 36 38 40 29 28 37 Somewhat unfavorable 18 24 43 24 23 39 34 34 27 25 29 22 10 9 8 10 16 25 33 33 31 12 14 16 18 11 10 20 20 15 19 5 6 6 Very unfavorable 20 13 24 43 46 30 31 24 16 7 4 3 5 3 1 1 2 2 7 7 5 21 18 15 19 11 17 10 11 5 10 3 4 3 DK/Refused 0 2 2 3 4 2 3 5 19 13 15 22 56 10 12 8 4 13 15 19 7 45 46 42 46 36 38 18 25 23 15 6 14 3 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 101 . 2011 Spring.

2005 Spain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q3k Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 Germany Spring. 2006 May. 2002 Russia Spring. 2002 France Spring. somewhat favorable. 2006 May. 2007 Spring. 2007 May. Germany Very favorable Britain Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2005 Summer. 2005 Ukraine Spring. 2005 Summer. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: k. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2005 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2005 Summer. 2007 22 19 14 20 18 18 26 21 21 20 18 13 15 12 17 12 10 34 18 11 14 27 10 11 16 9 11 15 20 22 22 22 21 15 21 Somewhat favorable 56 53 60 54 57 50 64 70 69 69 71 75 58 64 56 53 54 51 60 65 58 50 72 65 62 58 53 61 58 53 55 55 58 63 58 Somewhat unfavorable 7 8 8 9 10 12 7 7 7 8 8 6 23 19 21 25 28 8 9 12 11 8 10 16 16 19 19 13 9 10 10 10 10 8 7 Very unfavorable 3 4 4 3 2 4 3 2 3 3 4 1 3 5 6 8 6 4 1 3 4 2 1 3 2 5 4 2 3 2 2 4 3 2 3 DK/Refused 12 16 13 14 13 16 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 1 2 1 4 12 8 13 14 7 6 4 9 13 8 10 12 12 9 8 12 12 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 102 .

2010 Fall. 2011 Spring. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: l. 2009 Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2011 Spring. 2009 France Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2007 Ukraine Spring. 2009 Spain Spring. 2010 Fall. that is. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Very favorable United States Spring. 2009 Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. NATO. 2009 Spring. 2009 Lithuania Spring. 2010 Fall.Q3l Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2009 Spring. somewhat favorable. 2007 Russia Spring. 2010 Fall. 2010 Fall. 2011 14 13 11 17 18 22 10 6 12 6 7 14 15 6 7 4 9 12 18 17 15 9 8 4 5 4 10 7 2 Somewhat favorable 40 41 42 46 42 41 60 62 59 54 50 59 47 47 49 61 50 60 59 58 57 28 32 20 25 30 21 27 16 Somewhat unfavorable 17 15 14 12 12 11 23 24 20 29 27 18 21 23 20 17 14 11 9 8 13 26 26 36 28 23 24 24 21 Very unfavorable 7 6 10 5 5 6 7 7 7 4 6 4 11 5 8 2 5 2 1 2 4 17 14 22 20 18 27 30 43 DK/Refused 22 25 23 20 24 21 1 2 1 7 9 4 6 19 15 16 22 14 13 15 11 19 20 18 22 25 17 12 17 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 103 . 2011 Spring. 2009 Germany Spring. 2011 Fall. 2011 Spring. 2011 Fall. 2010 Fall.

2011 Spring. 2002 2 4 2 2 2 79 6 3 7 9 7 6 5 7 8 2 2 4 7 9 1 Somewhat favorable 25 28 27 27 31 12 55 61 56 65 52 56 55 44 57 12 9 16 20 24 5 Somewhat unfavorable 32 32 38 45 38 4 19 19 20 13 20 22 26 30 26 18 17 18 20 18 9 Very unfavorable 21 19 12 12 5 1 3 3 2 2 3 5 4 5 2 57 65 52 37 32 71 DK/Refused 19 18 20 15 24 5 16 13 16 11 18 12 10 14 7 11 7 10 15 17 14 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 104 . 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. India Very favorable China Spring. 2006 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. somewhat favorable. somewhat unfavorable or very unfavorable opinion of: q. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q3q Please tell me if you have a very favorable. 2006 Pakistan Late Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2006 Summer.

2010 Fall. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Germany Spring. 2010 Fall. how would you describe the current economic situation in (survey country) . 2002 1 1 1 2 2 9 4 1 2 2 1 2 13 8 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 9 2 1 1 4 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 0 0 1 5 2 2 3 0 0 Somewhat good 17 23 19 15 18 41 42 14 18 14 10 28 56 57 17 12 15 14 19 29 44 58 42 27 27 49 55 26 9 12 11 12 34 56 9 3 25 48 36 27 49 36 7 Somewhat bad 38 41 44 42 41 32 39 45 40 45 38 47 20 24 52 56 60 58 61 53 47 27 47 58 54 39 25 55 27 40 43 38 43 29 58 50 49 36 47 50 36 48 40 Very bad 42 34 34 41 36 16 13 40 39 38 49 20 8 8 31 31 24 27 20 17 6 5 8 12 16 7 11 16 62 48 45 47 19 5 32 43 22 8 12 15 6 13 51 DK/Refused 1 1 2 1 3 3 2 1 1 2 2 2 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 0 0 1 2 3 1 1 2 3 3 3 6 6 3 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 105 . somewhat bad or very bad? Very good United States Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Spain Spring. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 France Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2002 Britain Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2007 Lithuania Spring. 2008 Spring.Q4 Now thinking about our economic situation. 2009 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2011 Fall. 2008 Spring. 2010 Fall. somewhat good. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Summer.is it very good. 2008 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2009 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring.

Q4 Now thinking about our economic situation, how would you describe the current economic situation in (survey country) - is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad? Very good Russia Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Fall, 2009 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Ukraine Spring, 2011 Fall, 2009 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Turkey Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Egypt Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Jordan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Lebanon Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Palest. ter. Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Israel Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 China Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 5 3 3 2 5 3 0 1 2 3 0 12 3 2 4 9 2 6 2 3 10 13 9 5 3 8 12 6 2 1 1 1 2 0 7 1 2 7 7 5 19 19 19 5 16 3 Somewhat good 24 30 25 18 47 35 13 5 3 16 10 37 31 22 17 37 12 28 18 24 34 40 24 25 30 31 32 27 11 12 10 9 7 5 28 16 8 47 25 41 69 72 69 77 66 49 Somewhat bad 46 49 50 55 37 45 57 36 32 46 41 23 29 37 27 29 15 36 47 29 29 23 41 43 44 44 41 49 35 34 36 38 32 25 38 24 22 32 45 40 8 7 9 13 13 37 Very bad 19 16 18 21 6 11 26 56 59 29 47 25 36 35 47 22 70 28 33 44 25 23 27 26 23 16 13 18 50 52 54 52 54 70 26 59 68 14 23 13 0 0 1 1 1 10 DK/Refused 6 4 4 5 4 6 4 2 3 6 1 3 1 3 4 3 2 2 0 0 2 2 0 1 0 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 3 2 2 4 4 1 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

106

Q4 Now thinking about our economic situation, how would you describe the current economic situation in (survey country) - is it very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad? Very good India Indonesia Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Japan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Pakistan Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Brazil Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Mexico Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 Kenya Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Summer, 2002 22 3 9 4 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 4 4 3 2 8 20 8 3 4 4 2 5 6 7 3 5 7 5 7 0 Somewhat good 34 35 41 44 19 21 15 9 11 9 12 27 6 8 10 15 20 33 39 41 51 58 26 22 25 30 44 28 21 36 14 53 7 Somewhat bad 22 43 41 41 44 52 53 46 49 47 57 54 42 20 23 20 24 21 20 16 32 29 40 37 36 35 29 36 20 26 21 27 26 Very bad 21 18 9 9 35 25 32 42 39 43 28 17 51 65 60 58 50 35 12 20 13 7 28 38 33 27 18 30 55 30 59 12 66 DK/Refused 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 2 0 3 3 4 4 4 9 14 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 3 0 1 0 1 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

107

Q5 And over the next 12 months do you expect the economic situation in our country to improve a lot, improve a little, remain the same, worsen a little or worsen a lot? Improve a lot United States Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 Britain Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 France Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 Germany Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 Spain Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Lithuania Poland Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 Russia Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 Ukraine Spring, 2011 Summer, 2002 Turkey Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 Egypt Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Jordan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 Lebanon Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Summer, 2002 7 13 11 7 9 3 6 6 2 5 1 1 2 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 3 1 4 0 6 3 5 8 1 1 1 14 5 3 2 3 22 3 3 1 12 10 4 5 6 7 2 2 2 1 Improve a little 35 43 48 27 39 28 41 38 12 22 16 21 25 18 29 35 45 42 29 37 27 40 36 17 20 14 32 19 33 12 22 36 27 34 21 14 23 30 20 24 12 18 34 22 23 14 22 19 27 14 25 18 22 22 22 13 Remain the same 25 20 16 24 28 26 27 30 28 39 32 34 29 34 36 42 31 25 39 39 34 30 28 33 43 45 49 47 44 51 46 42 36 39 53 36 59 18 29 18 17 22 26 35 32 35 32 30 38 34 40 26 26 25 22 23 Worsen a little 18 12 13 26 17 25 13 15 37 24 30 27 28 33 23 17 15 19 23 17 21 19 21 36 19 20 10 22 10 19 12 8 15 10 13 20 9 21 18 30 29 22 13 22 32 31 24 24 22 25 21 26 29 26 32 22 Worsen a lot 13 9 10 13 5 18 7 8 18 7 22 16 15 13 6 3 5 8 6 4 14 7 9 7 12 12 2 5 2 11 6 3 7 3 5 24 5 10 22 17 26 27 4 16 9 19 9 11 8 21 7 21 19 21 18 36 DK/Refused 1 2 2 4 2 1 5 3 2 3 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 3 5 4 8 5 6 7 7 9 7 9 6 7 5 3 8 6 8 14 8 2 4 1 2 1 6 1 1 2 2 2 6 4 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

108

2010 Spring. 2009 Spring.Q5 And over the next 12 months do you expect the economic situation in our country to improve a lot. 2009 China Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2002 6 4 6 11 22 22 24 32 4 19 7 13 10 4 6 1 0 1 0 0 2 3 5 4 14 7 50 36 13 12 19 12 11 13 13 7 4 Improve a little 33 29 30 35 62 65 58 53 32 41 30 43 44 23 35 16 14 17 5 11 11 14 14 19 39 33 29 39 35 35 42 30 33 32 44 19 30 Remain the same 31 27 44 28 10 10 11 9 53 19 47 37 38 42 46 31 52 53 47 63 15 16 20 28 18 18 14 17 29 25 24 35 29 19 19 21 28 Worsen a little 6 15 12 16 2 1 4 2 6 8 9 5 3 18 9 36 25 21 38 21 18 19 19 19 8 6 5 3 13 16 9 16 12 13 10 21 13 Worsen a lot 23 19 6 8 0 0 0 0 1 8 3 1 0 6 2 16 8 8 10 5 42 36 31 16 8 5 2 1 9 10 5 5 8 18 9 27 10 DK/Refused 2 6 1 2 4 1 2 3 3 6 3 1 5 7 2 1 1 1 0 0 10 12 11 14 12 30 0 3 1 3 2 2 6 4 5 5 15 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 109 . 2010 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Summer. improve a little. 2011 Spring. remain the same. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Summer. 2008 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. worsen a little or worsen a lot? Improve a lot Palest. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring. 2008 Summer. Spring. 2008 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2008 Summer. 2002 India Indonesia Spring. ter. 2002 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Israel Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 Japan Spring.

2011 Spring. ter. 2010 Kenya Spring. 2010 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2010 Germany Spring.. 2011 Spring. 2010 Lebanon Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China Spring. 2010 Jordan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 France Spring. 2010 Palest. 2010 Russia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 37 43 39 36 49 28 41 47 72 75 73 68 58 77 71 68 52 55 68 71 57 77 52 45 80 82 87 66 68 79 79 78 65 57 78 73 87 84 Banks and other major financial institutions 46 41 38 37 31 47 41 31 16 8 8 6 15 4 3 3 26 22 12 9 10 11 13 7 5 4 4 6 4 3 2 2 5 7 4 4 2 3 None of the above (DO NOT READ) 4 1 0 0 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 3 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 2 2 3 0 1 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 3 1 1 2 1 The United States 3 4 2 8 2 7 3 4 1 2 2 4 9 2 9 6 17 17 6 3 19 0 11 26 2 2 0 1 5 6 8 7 1 2 5 7 1 1 The European Union 3 2 11 12 7 7 3 3 3 4 4 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 0 0 6 1 2 6 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 The (survey country) public 5 6 9 8 6 5 9 8 3 3 5 4 4 7 8 8 3 2 10 12 7 6 2 3 9 8 7 19 15 6 6 6 26 23 9 11 8 7 DK/Refused 3 3 0 0 3 5 1 4 4 6 6 14 11 6 5 10 0 1 3 3 0 4 17 10 2 4 2 6 6 5 4 6 4 8 3 5 1 3 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N 860 601 832 644 273 378 892 659 673 533 333 648 641 920 494 662 675 689 857 853 527 463 300 259 1495 619 490 634 619 1049 1605 1616 342 358 550 973 744 566 110 . 2011 Spring. 2010 Spain Spring. Our government [In China: Chinese government] Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2011 Spring.. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Pakistan Late Spring.Q6 ASK IF THE ECONOMIC SITUATION IS SOMEWHAT BAD OR VERY BAD IN Q4: Who is most to blame for (survey country's) current economic problems? Is it. 2011 Spring. 2010 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 India Indonesia Spring.

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Germany Spring. 2011 Spring.Q7 ASK IF ANSWER GIVEN IN Q6: Who is second most to blame for (survey country's) current economic problems? Is it. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. Our government [In China: Chinese government] Britain France Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.. 2011 Spring. Israel China Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Brazil Spring. 2010 Pakistan Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 36 26 30 27 24 33 24 20 16 12 11 11 16 9 16 12 17 21 18 18 21 14 12 7 10 12 9 11 14 12 25 26 15 16 9 10 Banks and other major financial institutions 31 36 27 33 38 31 34 37 47 31 31 25 34 26 18 17 34 32 19 15 12 30 37 31 12 28 23 14 10 12 27 22 27 26 20 20 None of the above (DO NOT READ) 3 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 3 4 6 4 3 4 0 8 7 3 4 6 1 5 2 2 3 4 7 4 5 8 5 3 2 2 19 17 The United States 7 13 7 12 7 14 9 9 3 5 5 9 13 6 25 21 22 23 14 15 32 6 10 19 2 5 7 24 26 21 4 4 16 19 2 5 The European Union 6 8 23 15 15 11 9 8 8 19 19 3 3 3 11 10 6 4 2 2 17 1 6 15 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 The (survey country) public 14 13 12 11 12 5 18 17 14 17 18 24 14 26 14 21 12 16 36 32 17 31 17 9 40 44 39 29 24 28 34 36 25 23 43 34 DK/Refused 2 3 0 1 3 3 2 5 9 13 11 24 17 25 16 12 1 2 6 13 0 13 15 17 30 5 14 17 19 17 4 9 13 12 6 12 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N 796 577 827 643 258 363 870 617 634 497 308 544 561 844 465 586 675 680 818 817 523 428 231 225 1462 588 479 977 1519 1516 332 318 528 919 724 539 111 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Lebanon Palest. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Ukraine Turkey Jordan Spring..

2011 Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Pakistan Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Palest. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 70 68 68 63 71 60 65 66 87 86 84 77 72 86 87 79 70 77 85 88 78 90 62 51 91 93 95 90 93 89 89 80 93 88 95 93 Banks and other major financial institutions 75 76 65 70 68 77 75 66 60 37 37 27 45 27 21 18 59 53 31 23 22 39 43 35 17 31 26 16 11 13 31 26 30 29 21 22 None of the above (DO NOT READ) 7 2 1 1 3 2 4 6 5 4 6 5 4 7 0 9 7 3 5 7 1 7 4 5 3 5 7 4 5 9 5 5 3 3 20 18 The United States 9 17 8 20 9 20 12 13 4 7 6 12 20 7 32 24 39 39 19 18 51 6 20 42 4 6 7 29 33 26 5 5 20 25 2 5 The European Union 9 10 34 27 21 17 12 11 11 22 22 4 4 5 14 12 8 5 3 2 22 2 7 19 4 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 3 The (survey country) public 18 18 21 18 18 10 26 24 16 19 22 24 17 30 21 26 15 18 45 43 24 35 16 11 48 49 45 33 29 32 58 55 34 32 49 39 DK/Refused 5 6 1 1 6 7 3 9 13 18 16 35 26 29 20 21 1 3 8 15 1 16 29 25 31 8 16 21 22 22 8 16 15 16 7 15 Total 193 196 199 200 195 195 198 194 194 193 193 184 188 192 195 189 200 199 196 195 199 194 181 187 198 195 198 194 196 193 196 190 196 194 197 195 112 . 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.Q6/Q7 COMBINED Our government [In China: Chinese government] Britain France Germany Spain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Late Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Brazil Mexico Spring.

a moderately big problem. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Pakistan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q13 Do you think rising prices is a very big problem. 2011 57 55 70 32 60 86 66 62 76 66 58 64 89 83 47 49 83 81 97 97 79 74 93 Moderately big problem 31 34 28 41 32 12 27 30 19 21 28 34 10 13 49 44 15 17 1 2 16 23 6 Small problem 8 8 2 25 5 1 5 5 4 7 8 2 1 3 3 6 1 2 0 0 4 2 1 Not a problem at all 2 2 0 3 2 0 1 1 1 5 6 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 DK/Refused 2 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 113 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Late Spring. a small problem or not a problem at all in our country? Very big problem United States Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest.

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. a moderately big problem. 2011 Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. a small problem or not a problem at all in our country? Very big problem United States Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. ter. Israel China India Indonesia Pakistan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q13b Do you think a lack of job opportunities is a very big problem. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 71 71 80 33 86 88 56 59 75 73 56 62 89 85 43 37 75 68 95 95 74 70 93 Moderately big problem 22 22 17 38 12 10 35 31 21 19 28 33 10 12 48 48 20 28 3 3 15 26 6 Small problem 4 5 2 24 2 1 6 6 3 5 9 4 1 2 6 12 4 2 1 1 6 3 1 Not a problem at all 2 1 1 5 0 0 1 2 1 2 6 1 0 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 4 1 0 DK/Refused 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 114 .

2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Spain Spring. 2007 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2002 Britain Spring. 2009 Spring.do you think it is a very good thing. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 France Spring. 2007 Summer. 2010 Spring. 2002 Germany Spring. 2011 Spring.Q19 What do you think about the growing trade and business ties between (survey country) and other countries . somewhat good. 2007 Summer. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. somewhat bad or a very bad thing for our country? Very good United States Spring. 2007 18 17 16 15 14 21 39 32 29 28 28 32 27 23 28 30 22 32 40 33 32 30 30 37 58 33 35 21 35 Somewhat good 49 49 49 38 45 57 48 52 53 49 50 55 56 56 55 52 56 56 55 57 53 57 55 54 38 57 54 68 47 Somewhat bad 19 19 20 26 21 14 7 8 11 13 13 7 12 15 13 14 16 8 4 7 12 10 8 7 2 7 6 6 6 Very bad 10 8 10 15 15 4 2 3 3 4 2 2 4 5 4 4 5 3 0 1 2 2 5 1 1 2 2 2 2 DK/Refused 4 7 5 6 5 4 3 4 4 6 7 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 9 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 115 . 2010 Spring.

2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 47 24 21 22 19 21 17 33 33 24 28 30 26 40 48 31 48 50 30 34 41 54 31 31 21 24 28 15 50 46 46 41 42 29 41 44 35 44 47 47 25 20 26 19 38 32 48 33 29 Somewhat good 44 54 63 59 66 56 61 50 53 56 53 52 62 40 43 62 34 33 34 33 32 29 46 40 39 41 44 37 47 47 44 44 39 54 35 36 34 51 41 43 64 73 67 68 53 58 34 50 53 Somewhat bad 5 11 10 10 9 12 12 8 7 11 11 10 5 11 4 5 8 5 13 9 11 6 16 18 28 25 20 37 1 5 9 7 10 12 14 12 17 3 6 5 3 3 3 6 4 2 6 9 12 Very bad 1 1 1 2 1 3 3 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 1 2 6 9 11 2 6 6 9 11 8 5 11 1 2 0 4 5 3 8 6 9 1 3 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 DK/Refused 3 10 5 6 5 7 7 6 5 7 5 6 4 6 4 1 8 6 15 13 15 6 1 2 2 3 3 0 1 0 1 3 4 3 2 1 5 2 2 4 7 4 3 6 5 6 10 5 4 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 116 . 2008 Spring. 2002 India Indonesia Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 China Spring. Spring. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2002 Ukraine Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2002 Palest. 2007 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2002 Lebanon Spring. 2007 Summer. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q19 What do you think about the growing trade and business ties between (survey country) and other countries . 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Summer.do you think it is a very good thing. 2002 Russia Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Jordan Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2010 Spring. somewhat bad or a very bad thing for our country? Very good Lithuania Poland Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. somewhat good. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. ter. 2002 Turkey Spring. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2002 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2007 Summer. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. somewhat good.Q19 What do you think about the growing trade and business ties between (survey country) and other countries . 2002 21 19 16 25 56 57 63 47 48 52 62 14 22 29 23 27 21 22 27 58 46 38 49 63 Somewhat good 58 52 55 62 25 28 23 32 30 30 16 67 65 50 48 52 48 55 51 33 44 42 44 27 Somewhat bad 14 21 20 9 3 3 3 9 5 3 1 10 8 13 13 12 19 14 9 5 7 11 4 4 Very bad 1 2 4 1 4 4 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 4 6 4 7 5 4 3 2 6 1 1 DK/Refused 5 5 6 3 12 9 9 10 15 14 20 7 5 4 10 6 5 4 8 1 1 3 2 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 117 . somewhat bad or a very bad thing for our country? Very good Indonesia Spring.do you think it is a very good thing. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring.

2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Palest. 2010 38 38 48 46 33 38 46 44 42 41 45 44 22 18 20 25 37 40 47 42 58 43 44 39 52 40 23 17 32 40 68 69 58 62 34 30 49 36 31 29 29 35 55 41 50 56 50 45 41 48 38 41 49 50 53 55 40 58 52 47 51 53 China 43 41 33 26 47 44 34 29 47 47 35 31 48 51 28 30 49 34 22 24 18 30 27 18 15 26 27 26 12 22 13 12 9 7 44 50 29 31 37 36 32 22 28 32 35 26 26 36 41 21 14 26 20 17 15 33 50 21 19 30 25 21 Japan OR 6 8 7 10 5 5 5 8 5 5 7 10 6 8 8 11 6 12 12 9 8 5 9 11 11 10 25 22 25 12 3 4 5 6 17 13 9 9 6 10 6 7 7 10 7 4 1 2 2 2 6 18 18 19 18 3 2 6 6 4 3 3 The countries of the European Union 6 6 5 10 7 8 7 10 6 7 13 14 21 19 36 31 7 8 10 20 6 9 10 15 13 8 9 12 17 10 4 5 6 8 4 6 10 18 16 13 18 20 7 13 3 9 8 6 5 9 3 5 7 4 6 6 4 7 19 0 0 1 Other (DO NOT READ) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 DK/Refused 6 7 6 7 7 5 6 5 0 0 0 1 3 4 7 3 2 6 6 5 6 9 8 12 9 11 12 15 10 9 10 8 18 16 1 1 2 5 3 4 1 3 3 3 3 3 11 11 11 19 34 7 5 8 7 3 3 6 3 18 18 17 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 118 . 2010 Spring. 2008 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Pakistan Late Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 France Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spain Spring. 2008 Jordan Spring. 2008 Japan Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 China Spring. 2008 Russia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Germany Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Israel Spring. 2008 Lebanon Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 India Indonesia Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. which ONE of the following do you think is the world's leading economic power? None/ There is no leading economic power (DO NOT READ) 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 3 3 6 0 5 4 8 3 4 1 2 4 1 1 0 1 1 7 8 14 12 1 2 0 1 3 0 0 0 5 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 4 The United States United States Spring. 2011 Spring.Q26 Today. 2008 Britain Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring.

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Late Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 44 52 53 51 65 53 55 59 62 61 66 China 26 18 16 18 15 22 16 17 20 20 13 Japan OR 2 4 9 13 6 9 8 8 7 7 6 The countries of the European Union 0 1 5 5 5 8 8 7 2 6 7 Other (DO NOT READ) 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 DK/Refused 24 24 14 13 7 6 10 8 9 6 7 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Q27US ASK IF UNITED STATES IN Q26 (Q26=1): Do you think this a good thing or a bad thing? Good thing United States Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Brazil Spring. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q26 Today. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 89 41 64 46 47 56 64 25 40 9 39 52 32 73 29 61 59 68 13 15 61 53 84 Bad thing 6 42 35 43 35 5 9 29 17 77 39 30 65 10 41 28 27 19 74 72 34 34 10 Neither (DO NOT READ) 2 10 0 6 11 35 13 35 35 3 21 15 2 12 18 5 9 11 7 6 2 4 6 DK/Refused 3 7 1 6 6 4 15 11 8 12 1 4 1 5 11 7 5 2 6 7 3 9 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N 410 324 422 220 366 441 332 401 402 680 337 301 455 427 1583 1851 422 394 581 994 435 518 619 119 . ter. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. which ONE of the following do you think is the world's leading economic power? None/ There is no leading economic power (DO NOT READ) 3 1 0 1 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 The United States Pakistan Spring. 2008 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Late Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q27CHI ASK IF CHINA IN Q26 (Q26=2): Do you think this a good thing or a bad thing? Good thing United States Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 10 33 31 26 29 40 30 38 42 27 54 70 75 38 92 39 72 26 96 92 65 55 89 Bad thing 85 43 67 63 54 21 48 24 22 63 28 16 22 39 3 48 22 59 1 4 25 40 7 Neither (DO NOT READ) 3 13 2 5 9 34 14 26 29 4 14 12 2 17 3 9 3 10 2 2 6 3 3 DK/Refused 3 11 0 6 7 5 8 12 7 6 3 3 1 5 2 3 3 5 1 1 5 2 0 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 N 425 484 474 491 485 135 237 259 218 129 436 387 229 340 837 610 259 225 361 503 142 117 204 120 . 2011 Spring.

2011 34 26 31 54 43 48 49 44 51 50 42 52 53 40 52 29 26 24 26 30 31 28 23 21 22 28 30 21 24 24 22 17 37 38 32 23 57 59 53 19 25 24 22 25 25 23 47 Has already replaced U. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 India Indonesia Spring. 2008 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2009 Spring. 12 7 5 11 6 7 23 11 15 11 9 9 14 8 5 11 21 12 12 15 10 8 14 15 7 6 17 13 15 15 14 10 17 12 15 12 6 8 5 13 8 7 5 12 10 8 10 Will never replace U. 2011 Spring. 2008 Palest. 2011 Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. as the world's leading superpower. United States Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Russia Spring.S. 2011 Spring. or China will never replace the U. 2009 Spring.S. 2009 China Spring.S. 2011 Spring. as the world's leading superpower. 2008 Spain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Germany Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Japan Spring. 2009 Spring. as the world's leading superpower? Will eventually replace U. China has already replaced the U. 2009 Spring.S. 2008 Britain Spring. 2009 Israel Spring. 2011 Spring.Q28 Which comes closest to your view . 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Pakistan Late Spring. 2008 Lithuania Poland Spring.S. 2011 Spring. Spring. 2009 Spring.S. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 France Spring. 45 57 54 26 41 36 28 43 34 34 41 35 30 44 35 40 31 44 46 30 36 45 36 41 37 38 45 56 52 54 54 56 38 41 44 56 17 20 23 17 46 51 55 60 59 67 10 DK/Refused 9 10 10 8 11 9 0 1 0 5 8 4 3 8 8 20 22 20 15 25 23 19 27 23 34 28 8 10 9 7 10 17 8 9 9 9 20 14 19 50 21 19 18 3 6 2 33 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 121 . 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Lebanon Spring. 2008 Jordan Spring.China will eventually replace the U. 2009 Spring.

S.S. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring.S. 2008 Kenya Spring.S. 2009 51 30 34 27 34 30 29 37 33 Has already replaced U. or China will never replace the U. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. Pakistan Spring. 2008 Brazil Mexico Spring. 7 19 20 47 31 33 35 43 47 DK/Refused 33 41 35 16 16 20 14 12 13 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 122 . 2011 Spring.Q28 Which comes closest to your view . 9 10 11 10 19 17 22 7 7 Will never replace U. as the world's leading superpower. as the world's leading superpower. China has already replaced the U. as the world's leading superpower? Will eventually replace U.S.China will eventually replace the U.S.

2005 Japan Pakistan Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Spring. 2011 May.? Good thing United States Spring. 2005 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2011 May. 2005 France Spring. 2005 Germany Spring. 2005 Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 May. 2011 May. 2005 Lebanon Spring. 2011 May. 2011 May. 2005 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Palest.Q29 Overall do you think it would be a good thing or a bad thing if China were to become as powerful militarily as the U. 2011 May. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Spain Spring. 2011 May. 2011 8 13 13 20 17 27 6 11 14 15 12 12 8 19 18 20 20 56 70 77 43 43 62 17 84 23 47 60 7 73 74 77 30 31 61 Bad thing 85 78 72 71 83 71 89 82 79 75 64 69 77 57 71 47 54 29 17 18 36 35 28 70 6 44 31 28 87 5 5 5 53 54 30 DK/Refused 7 9 15 9 0 2 5 7 7 11 24 19 15 23 11 32 26 15 13 5 20 23 10 13 9 33 22 12 6 23 21 17 17 15 9 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 123 . 2011 Late Spring. 2005 Russia Spring. 2011 May. 2011 May. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.S. 2011 May. ter. 2005 Jordan Spring. 2011 May. 2011 Spring.

2011 Spring. 2011 Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. not enough or about the right amount with the United States government? Too much Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q30 Does our government cooperate too much. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. results for the Palestinian territories are not shown. 2011 45 19 16 15 7 9 17 9 26 39 57 54 31 11 22 19 32 52 54 23 44 30 Not enough 10 16 11 23 38 45 23 35 26 24 16 18 23 28 26 18 11 11 13 25 25 44 About right 40 65 72 59 42 34 45 35 32 31 22 25 41 36 14 54 53 16 10 40 27 21 DK/Refused 5 0 2 3 12 13 16 22 15 6 6 3 5 26 38 9 4 21 23 12 3 4 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Due to an administrative error. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 124 . 2011 Spring.

2009 Israel Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2010 Spring.Q48a For each. 2010 Spring. 2009 China Spring.a lot of confidence. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Jordan Spring. 2010 Spring. or no confidence at all: a. 2009 France Spring. 2009 Spain Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. some confidence. not too much confidence. 2011 Spring. 2009 Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. Spring. 2009 Lebanon Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 29 34 48 28 36 43 23 25 34 37 46 56 11 16 17 9 4 10 7 15 9 7 8 1 3 5 7 4 7 4 4 7 17 16 15 1 2 10 20 8 8 13 25 14 11 14 14 15 29 Some confidence 32 31 26 47 48 43 61 62 57 51 44 37 56 53 55 59 48 50 55 26 32 30 29 11 20 28 28 29 35 24 22 24 26 27 31 13 21 39 36 36 44 49 23 48 56 57 67 61 56 Not too much confidence 19 14 13 14 7 5 10 9 5 9 6 3 25 22 15 18 26 21 16 29 28 31 30 17 16 10 26 25 18 28 28 24 32 36 32 40 18 34 27 24 25 20 7 27 24 20 12 17 8 No confidence at all 19 20 11 8 6 5 5 5 3 3 3 2 7 7 7 5 6 6 5 14 9 9 12 56 49 42 38 34 29 40 36 34 25 20 18 44 57 17 16 9 5 3 4 8 5 2 1 2 1 DK/Refused 1 1 2 3 4 4 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 2 5 9 15 12 17 16 22 23 21 15 12 15 0 9 11 3 10 11 1 0 5 2 2 0 1 23 19 15 40 4 4 7 6 5 6 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 . U. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.S. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Germany Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Egypt Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. President Barack Obama A lot of confidence United States Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Palest. 2009 India Indonesia Spring. 2009 Russia Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. some confidence. 2009 Brazil Spring.a lot of confidence. 2009 Kenya Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 2 1 1 2 22 16 7 11 15 62 78 78 Some confidence 6 9 7 11 41 40 31 32 40 24 17 16 Not too much confidence 5 8 9 7 14 15 36 23 24 6 3 4 No confidence at all 63 57 51 44 17 19 18 20 9 4 1 1 DK/Refused 24 25 32 36 6 11 8 14 11 4 1 2 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 126 . U. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. not too much confidence.Q48a For each. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.S. President Barack Obama A lot of confidence Pakistan Late Spring. or no confidence at all: a.

not too much confidence. 2010 Spring. Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2010 2 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 1 6 8 3 1 2 1 4 2 5 2 30 36 27 21 1 1 2 5 1 2 7 6 3 1 1 4 5 7 7 7 7 3 1 2 1 0 0 0 3 1 Some confidence 29 35 27 32 33 25 29 27 16 36 42 29 16 13 8 34 22 31 15 40 38 49 37 6 7 5 9 5 11 31 33 31 21 15 23 18 33 36 39 18 21 25 20 5 4 2 1 14 16 Not too much confidence 27 20 24 27 27 27 39 38 41 37 33 39 50 39 35 39 44 36 37 18 15 14 21 21 17 13 43 47 32 36 38 40 44 21 42 43 24 28 29 10 31 29 22 6 7 6 3 24 23 No confidence at all 20 15 22 17 17 22 30 31 39 18 14 24 23 25 35 13 20 16 32 6 4 4 6 53 52 51 33 35 41 22 17 18 31 51 27 31 7 5 4 5 13 9 8 39 36 34 35 33 28 DK/Refused 21 26 25 21 20 24 0 1 2 2 3 6 10 21 21 11 12 12 15 6 7 6 15 20 23 30 9 12 14 4 6 9 3 12 4 4 29 24 21 61 32 35 49 50 54 59 60 27 31 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 127 . 2009 Germany Spring. or no confidence at all: b.Q48b For each. 2009 Russia Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Pakistan Late Spring. 2009 Lebanon Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Israel Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. ter. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Palest. Russian President Dmitri Medvedev A lot of confidence United States Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Lithuania Poland Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2009 Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 France Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2009 Jordan Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. some confidence. 2009 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Brazil Spring. 2009 China Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2011 Spring. some confidence. some confidence. 2010 Spring. or no confidence at all: b. Russian President Dmitri Medvedev A lot of confidence Mexico Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2010 Spring. 2006 France Spring. German Chancellor Angela Merkel A lot of confidence United States Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. some confidence. 2010 Spring.a lot of confidence. not too much confidence. 2009 36 45 39 Some confidence 39 32 42 Not too much confidence 14 12 11 No confidence at all 5 4 3 DK/Refused 6 7 4 Total 100 100 100 Q48d For each. 2011 Spring.Q48b For each. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin A lot of confidence Russia Spring. 2009 Kenya Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. or no confidence at all: c. or no confidence at all: d. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. not too much confidence. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2008 Spring. not too much confidence. 2009 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2006 Britain Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2006 7 6 6 5 6 5 17 11 7 6 14 6 23 20 16 21 21 12 26 32 31 35 43 34 18 12 7 8 5 5 Some confidence 39 37 41 34 38 33 47 49 44 47 48 45 57 61 61 63 66 68 43 40 44 41 42 43 51 45 42 43 31 32 Not too much confidence 15 12 14 10 11 14 12 12 16 11 11 15 13 11 14 9 7 12 21 18 14 16 9 13 21 21 23 22 24 19 No confidence at all 10 10 10 10 9 10 8 9 10 9 5 11 8 8 8 6 5 7 10 9 9 8 6 9 7 11 14 11 14 19 DK/Refused 29 35 29 41 35 38 17 20 23 27 22 23 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 3 11 14 17 26 25 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 128 . 2011 Spring. 2009 1 2 3 11 15 11 Some confidence 14 9 12 30 30 25 Not too much confidence 24 16 21 21 22 20 No confidence at all 26 20 14 13 12 10 DK/Refused 35 52 50 26 21 34 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 Q48c For each. 2006 Germany Spring. 2006 Spain Spring.

2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Lebanon Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 China Spring. 2007 Russia Spring. or no confidence at all: d. 2007 Spring. 2007 India Indonesia Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q48d For each. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Pakistan Late Spring. 2011 8 5 9 4 4 5 16 11 7 14 12 9 15 8 0 0 1 0 1 1 5 1 1 2 3 8 6 5 12 11 2 1 2 14 12 5 5 7 5 2 3 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 Some confidence 56 46 49 35 41 37 31 31 33 35 32 31 34 33 4 6 6 6 9 10 18 19 13 18 23 27 25 26 22 29 23 10 9 43 36 19 25 33 31 24 28 10 22 24 20 18 29 5 2 Not too much confidence 20 27 23 31 31 28 19 18 20 20 19 18 16 22 17 18 10 8 12 6 33 28 30 32 29 25 29 30 32 21 41 20 21 20 30 28 25 26 32 23 30 13 28 25 17 20 24 7 5 No confidence at all 3 9 7 16 10 14 6 4 5 8 6 5 4 5 60 51 56 60 51 58 34 36 39 27 23 35 32 34 28 30 30 53 50 17 18 33 11 6 6 10 8 8 8 10 6 8 7 29 26 DK/Refused 13 13 12 14 14 16 28 35 34 24 31 37 30 32 18 25 27 25 27 25 10 16 18 21 22 4 8 5 6 8 4 16 17 5 5 14 33 28 25 40 31 66 41 39 55 52 40 59 66 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 129 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. German Chancellor Angela Merkel A lot of confidence Lithuania Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2007 Palest. 2006 Jordan Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. ter. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2006 Ukraine Spring. some confidence. not too much confidence. 2009 Spring.

2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. German Chancellor Angela Merkel A lot of confidence Pakistan Spring. 2009 Spring. some confidence. 2009 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2010 Mexico Spring.Q48d For each. 2007 Kenya Spring. 2007 1 0 1 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 5 15 19 14 15 Some confidence 2 2 4 5 20 21 14 10 10 9 17 26 28 22 39 Not too much confidence 6 4 6 12 21 20 22 16 19 18 21 22 20 19 23 No confidence at all 26 28 31 35 29 23 22 19 13 24 22 12 12 9 8 DK/Refused 65 66 59 46 27 33 41 53 54 46 36 26 21 36 16 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 130 . 2007 Brazil Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. or no confidence at all: d. not too much confidence. 2010 Spring.

Q48f For each, tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs - a lot of confidence, some confidence, not too much confidence, or no confidence at all: f. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad A lot of confidence Turkey Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Egypt Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Jordan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Lebanon Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Palest. ter. Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Israel Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2007 Indonesia Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 Pakistan Late Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 Spring, 2006 5 5 4 7 5 6 3 3 4 4 1 5 6 9 8 4 1 4 25 21 22 17 16 5 15 11 0 1 3 7 5 5 4 6 9 17 18 11 16 24 21 15 Some confidence 16 13 13 14 16 19 15 25 22 17 19 21 17 23 24 20 17 18 10 15 10 15 14 35 30 36 2 2 4 41 45 38 32 45 39 23 26 24 21 19 20 17 Not too much confidence 18 13 9 8 14 8 36 37 34 36 37 42 38 37 32 37 42 43 9 10 7 5 10 39 18 14 11 17 8 21 22 20 19 19 19 6 5 5 5 4 7 8 No confidence at all 43 47 50 52 42 41 44 35 40 38 35 25 37 29 36 34 36 27 54 53 61 62 59 18 33 26 84 77 80 7 6 5 5 5 4 10 10 16 12 10 14 17 DK/Refused 18 22 24 20 24 26 1 1 1 7 8 7 3 1 0 4 4 9 1 1 0 2 2 2 4 14 2 3 6 24 22 32 40 26 29 44 41 45 46 43 37 43 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

131

Q48g For each, tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs - a lot of confidence, some confidence, not too much confidence, or no confidence at all: g. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez A lot of confidence Brazil Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Mexico Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spring, 2007 3 1 1 1 1 1 4 Some confidence 13 12 10 5 8 5 13 Not too much confidence 19 18 18 15 17 11 21 No confidence at all 47 52 46 53 46 68 45 DK/Refused 17 18 25 27 28 15 17 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

132

Q48h For each, tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs - a lot of confidence, some confidence, not too much confidence, or no confidence at all: h. French President Nicolas Sarkozy A lot of confidence United States Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Britain Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 France Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Germany Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Spain Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Lithuania Poland Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Russia Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Ukraine Turkey Spring, 2011 Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Egypt Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Jordan Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Lebanon Spring, 2011 Spring, 2010 Spring, 2009 Spring, 2008 Palest. ter. Spring, 2011 Spring, 2009 Israel Spring, 2011 6 4 4 5 7 2 4 6 11 11 14 13 5 7 7 3 6 4 5 3 2 3 7 4 4 14 9 7 5 6 0 0 0 1 9 2 1 3 5 4 5 4 19 19 19 23 8 2 4 Some confidence 39 36 38 32 37 35 29 47 37 36 39 38 39 45 45 42 35 35 33 33 36 32 45 43 41 20 31 30 24 24 1 3 3 4 16 22 20 18 22 27 22 26 32 34 38 33 23 18 36 Not too much confidence 19 19 20 15 27 27 31 17 22 24 21 23 37 34 32 37 40 37 34 37 34 36 25 27 26 26 22 22 30 26 12 15 10 6 38 33 30 33 31 33 29 33 20 21 23 17 46 22 37 No confidence at all 13 13 13 15 17 21 18 13 30 29 26 26 18 10 11 14 16 17 20 19 11 13 8 10 8 12 6 8 12 10 68 56 63 68 33 37 38 34 39 30 36 30 28 25 19 23 21 50 18 DK/Refused 23 28 25 33 12 14 18 17 0 0 0 0 2 4 6 4 2 6 8 8 17 17 14 16 21 28 33 34 29 34 18 26 24 22 4 6 12 11 4 5 9 8 1 2 1 4 2 8 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

133

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. French President Nicolas Sarkozy A lot of confidence Israel China Spring. some confidence. 2011 Spring.Q48h For each. 2011 Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2009 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2008 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Pakistan Late Spring. 2008 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2010 Spring. 2008 Japan Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Brazil Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 9 5 6 4 3 4 2 1 2 1 3 2 4 2 1 0 0 0 1 4 4 1 3 3 1 15 18 16 Some confidence 33 21 30 31 21 13 20 28 21 14 45 35 30 31 4 2 3 3 4 18 27 11 11 14 11 25 29 22 Not too much confidence 32 27 27 31 22 11 28 25 17 19 33 34 35 40 8 5 7 5 5 21 20 20 18 18 19 20 19 15 No confidence at all 24 14 9 10 10 7 11 10 6 8 4 8 9 10 23 27 24 25 26 34 24 26 18 14 26 14 12 11 DK/Refused 3 32 28 24 44 65 39 36 54 57 14 21 21 17 63 65 65 66 64 23 25 42 49 52 43 26 21 36 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 134 . not too much confidence. 2010 Spring. or no confidence at all: h.

not too much confidence. 2011 Spring. 2009 Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2011 Spring. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu A lot of confidence Turkey Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2009 Jordan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q48j For each. 2009 Lebanon Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2011 Spring. 2009 Egypt Spring. 2009 Pakistan Late Spring. 2009 Palest. 2011 Spring. some confidence. 2009 0 0 1 2 2 1 0 1 7 0 14 16 1 1 0 0 0 Some confidence 1 1 2 6 4 3 0 0 12 2 49 39 11 13 1 2 1 Not too much confidence 10 8 5 9 5 4 2 3 10 3 24 24 25 22 5 6 3 No confidence at all 72 68 91 84 89 91 97 95 68 94 12 20 36 31 37 35 37 DK/Refused 18 22 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 26 33 57 57 59 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 135 . 2009 Israel Spring. or no confidence at all: j. 2011 Spring. Spring.

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 6 1 2 4 12 12 11 31 15 14 15 19 4 5 5 2 24 19 22 1 1 2 7 7 4 4 9 11 5 8 15 Some confidence 12 10 11 14 21 24 22 36 29 26 18 34 17 19 22 25 41 33 34 6 3 7 41 44 35 49 16 17 18 16 21 Not too much confidence 18 15 10 12 35 36 27 23 27 28 30 32 36 36 36 25 24 16 17 38 32 19 17 20 18 12 5 6 5 7 7 No confidence at all 43 43 51 36 30 26 41 7 27 32 36 12 41 37 34 38 10 31 25 54 62 67 6 6 3 5 13 12 16 11 11 DK/Refused 21 31 27 35 1 3 0 3 2 1 1 2 2 3 4 10 2 1 3 1 2 5 28 23 39 30 57 54 57 59 45 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 136 . 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. not too much confidence. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2007 Israel Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring.Q48k For each. Spring. some confidence. 2011 Spring. 2007 Egypt Spring. 2007 Lebanon Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Palest. 2011 Spring. 2007 Jordan Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas A lot of confidence Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Pakistan Late Spring. ter. 2010 Spring. or no confidence at all: k. 2007 Indonesia Spring.

some confidence. not too much confidence. Spring. 2011 Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2003 3 1 1 4 4 36 33 40 43 43 53 60 32 10 18 18 24 37 8 11 7 13 3 1 3 2 6 15 17 13 15 49 54 36 41 52 26 Some confidence 10 7 7 13 17 42 41 43 45 44 31 32 49 32 26 29 31 42 27 51 31 39 20 6 8 10 22 48 56 48 50 23 20 26 23 18 34 Not too much confidence 19 14 9 10 11 12 21 9 5 8 9 6 9 36 19 16 14 11 29 28 21 12 30 33 25 25 15 14 10 13 21 2 1 2 3 3 7 No confidence at all 47 47 56 38 44 8 3 8 5 5 7 3 9 21 35 35 30 9 30 9 40 31 45 57 60 55 43 6 3 2 3 3 4 6 4 5 9 DK/Refused 20 30 28 35 24 2 2 0 2 1 1 0 2 2 1 2 1 1 6 1 2 5 3 2 4 8 13 17 14 23 11 23 21 30 29 23 24 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 In 2003. 2011 Spring. or no confidence at all: l. 2007 May. 2007 May. ter.a lot of confidence. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Lebanon Spring. 2003 Palest. 2007 May. 2009 Spring. 2007 May. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Israel Spring. 2010 Spring. 2003 Pakistan Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.Q48l For each. 2009 Spring. 2003 Egypt Spring. 2009 May. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 May. 2003 Indonesia Spring. 2007 May. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Jordan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. asked about 'Saudi Crown Prince and Prime Minister Abdullah' 137 . 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. Saudi King Abdullah A lot of confidence Turkey Spring.

Q48n For each. Chinese President Hu Jintao A lot of confidence China India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 2 56 3 2 1 1 Some confidence 22 24 30 35 6 6 Not too much confidence 28 6 23 21 14 12 No confidence at all 14 2 7 3 55 59 DK/Refused 34 12 37 39 25 21 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 138 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. some confidence. some confidence. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh A lot of confidence China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Spring. 2007 Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2007 Spring.a lot of confidence. or no confidence at all: o. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. tell me how much confidence you have in each leader to do the right thing regarding world affairs . 2006 Pakistan Late Spring. or no confidence at all: n. not too much confidence. 2011 Spring. not too much confidence. 2011 Spring.a lot of confidence. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Late Spring. 2006 Japan Spring. 2007 44 3 5 2 5 1 1 1 36 40 35 Some confidence 42 10 33 40 32 24 22 25 24 23 17 Not too much confidence 6 10 22 23 25 44 41 53 3 3 3 No confidence at all 1 16 8 6 8 23 16 18 6 5 8 DK/Refused 7 62 31 29 30 8 20 4 32 30 38 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Q48o For each.

2004 May.a great deal. 2009 Spring. 2007 May. 2007 May. 2007 May. 2003 Summer. 2005 March. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q51 In making international policy decisions. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. a fair amount. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer. to what extent do you think the United States takes into account the interests of countries like (survey country) . 2002 Spain Spring. 2002 Ukraine Spring. 2003 Summer. 2007 May. 2003 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2010 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2002 Russia Spring. 2004 May. 2005 March. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2005 Summer. 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2007 May. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 France Spring. 2007 May. 2004 May. 2005 May. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. or not at all? Great deal Britain Spring. 2010 Spring. not too much. 2010 Spring. 2010 7 5 8 7 8 7 7 11 2 3 3 1 2 3 1 4 5 4 5 3 3 3 3 9 6 6 5 3 7 7 1 3 7 4 2 2 4 6 5 6 4 3 5 7 3 3 7 4 5 4 Fair amount 33 30 35 17 24 29 37 33 30 26 31 10 16 11 13 17 51 43 49 24 35 26 29 43 13 14 14 14 12 15 8 30 31 30 29 11 25 17 25 25 15 18 15 15 18 12 21 25 12 5 Not too much 44 44 44 45 44 43 39 37 49 51 52 49 51 51 44 50 36 42 34 49 44 47 42 34 53 49 47 31 29 40 47 40 40 42 38 46 39 44 45 41 41 47 43 38 45 40 38 44 30 24 Not at all 15 18 12 29 22 18 16 15 18 20 14 40 31 33 41 26 6 9 8 22 15 22 24 10 28 27 31 44 47 34 35 22 18 19 22 28 20 23 16 23 31 26 30 33 24 37 27 24 43 58 DK/Refused 2 3 2 3 2 2 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 3 1 5 3 7 4 4 9 5 3 4 10 13 12 10 9 6 8 6 7 7 9 7 8 3 11 8 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 139 . 2002 Germany Spring. 2004 May. 2002 Turkey Spring.

2005 May. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 6 5 3 5 3 6 5 2 8 12 5 7 4 8 5 1 3 7 7 3 3 6 13 5 4 21 26 24 25 14 16 11 10 12 25 7 12 10 9 13 5 12 4 2 2 3 3 7 6 4 Fair amount 9 9 10 9 6 11 16 13 12 12 18 19 12 15 12 15 16 21 16 16 18 28 22 13 16 46 44 50 48 43 60 50 34 40 32 36 38 34 36 46 20 29 47 29 34 32 32 13 12 15 Not too much 23 19 27 35 28 27 40 40 31 33 39 34 43 43 41 38 44 35 32 33 34 32 27 36 28 22 20 18 20 25 15 27 35 28 9 41 37 41 33 31 53 39 39 54 51 49 49 12 13 17 Not at all 48 56 49 44 57 47 37 45 45 41 37 38 41 32 41 39 36 36 44 47 44 33 30 45 50 10 9 6 5 6 3 4 11 10 2 8 6 7 9 4 17 10 6 12 10 9 10 44 47 39 DK/Refused 14 11 11 7 5 10 2 0 5 2 2 2 1 2 1 7 1 1 1 0 1 1 8 1 3 1 1 2 1 12 6 7 11 9 32 8 7 8 14 6 5 10 4 2 4 7 5 24 22 25 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 140 . 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2009 Spring. a fair amount. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 May. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. to what extent do you think the United States takes into account the interests of countries like (survey country) . 2005 India Indonesia Spring. 2004 May. 2002 Japan Spring. 2007 May. 2007 May. 2007 May. 2007 May. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring. 2003 Summer. 2005 March. 2002 Egypt Spring. 2007 May.a great deal. 2003 Summer. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. or not at all? Great deal Turkey Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Lebanon Spring. 2003 China Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 May. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 March. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer.Q51 In making international policy decisions. 2002 Israel Spring. not too much. 2010 Spring. 2007 Jordan Spring. 2004 May.

2005 March. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. a fair amount. 2004 May. 2011 Spring. 2002 Brazil Spring. 2007 Summer. 2003 Summer. results for the Palestinian territories are not shown.a great deal. to what extent do you think the United States takes into account the interests of other countries around the world . 2004 May. 2005 March. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring.a great deal. 2003 Summer. or not at all? Great deal United States Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2011 Spring. a fair amount. 2010 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2002 35 32 31 23 28 34 28 31 Fair amount 41 44 48 36 39 36 45 44 Not too much 19 18 15 27 23 21 19 17 Not at all 3 4 4 8 7 6 6 3 DK/Refused 2 3 3 6 3 3 2 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 141 . or not at all? Great deal Pakistan Spring. 2009 Spring. 2002 Kenya Spring. to what extent do you think the United States takes into account the interests of countries like (survey country) . 2007 May. 2009 Spring. 2007 May. Q51US In making international policy decisions. 2002 4 5 12 3 4 5 16 15 9 8 16 13 12 36 38 36 28 19 Fair amount 18 16 27 15 19 18 35 41 40 25 32 34 30 38 37 38 39 34 Not too much 15 19 20 16 22 9 25 24 27 32 32 25 25 14 18 17 21 28 Not at all 38 35 21 32 40 27 17 13 20 31 17 24 27 9 2 5 8 10 DK/Refused 26 25 20 34 15 41 7 6 3 5 4 3 6 4 4 4 5 8 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Due to an administrative error. not too much.Q51 In making international policy decisions. not too much.

-led efforts to fight terrorism. 2010 Spring. 2006 May. 2004 May. 2005 May. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 March. 2002 France Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2006 May. 2005 March. 2006 May.Q52 And which comes closer to describing your view? I favor the U.S. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2005 March. 2002 Spain Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 Germany Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 Britain Spring. 2006 May. 2004 Summer. 2004 May. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2006 May. 2007 Spring. 2004 May. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. I favor the USled efforts to fight terrorism United States Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring.-led efforts to fight terrorism. OR I oppose the U.S. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 March. 2003 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2003 80 78 81 70 73 76 81 89 59 58 64 38 49 51 63 63 69 71 67 74 43 42 51 50 60 75 67 59 68 42 47 50 55 60 70 58 56 59 21 19 26 63 I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 15 15 15 23 19 18 12 8 32 31 28 49 42 40 30 30 23 29 33 25 57 57 48 47 39 23 30 37 25 51 50 45 43 35 25 38 38 35 67 76 67 32 DK/Refused 5 6 4 7 8 6 6 3 9 11 8 13 10 9 7 7 8 0 1 1 0 1 1 3 1 2 3 4 7 7 3 5 2 5 5 4 6 6 12 5 7 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 142 .

2009 Spring. 2005 March.S. 2002 Turkey Spring. 2002 Ukraine Spring. OR I oppose the U. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2004 May. 2007 Spring. 2005 March.Q52 And which comes closer to describing your view? I favor the U. 2010 Spring. 2002 Lebanon Spring. 2007 61 60 70 66 52 61 81 53 70 54 50 52 55 73 51 73 55 51 86 14 19 24 9 14 17 37 22 30 21 18 19 26 10 9 12 11 18 16 13 12 2 13 35 30 31 34 I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 24 28 20 24 36 29 11 29 15 25 33 35 34 20 28 16 29 34 13 67 59 55 79 77 71 56 71 58 68 73 73 67 82 80 82 79 77 74 86 78 97 85 61 66 58 63 DK/Refused 15 12 10 10 12 10 9 18 15 21 17 13 11 7 21 11 16 15 2 19 22 21 12 9 12 7 7 12 11 9 7 7 8 11 7 11 6 10 1 10 1 2 5 4 11 4 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 143 . 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 Summer.-led efforts to fight terrorism.S. 2004 May.-led efforts to fight terrorism. 2006 Jordan Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 May. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2002 Russia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2002 Egypt Spring. 2009 Spring. I favor the USled efforts to fight terrorism Lithuania Poland Spring. 2009 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2010 Spring. 2005 Summer. 2009 Spring. 2004 May. 2009 Spring. 2005 March. 2011 Spring.

S. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 May. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 Summer. 2010 Mexico Spring. OR I oppose the U.Q52 And which comes closer to describing your view? I favor the U. 2002 Kenya Spring. I favor the USled efforts to fight terrorism Lebanon May. 2002 Pakistan Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2003 China Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 Israel Spring. 2007 May. 2002 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2004 May. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2003 Summer. 2003 Summer. 2005 May. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2005 May. 2005 March. 2006 India Indonesia Spring.S. 2009 Spring. 2002 Japan Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2006 May. 2009 Spring. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring.-led efforts to fight terrorism.-led efforts to fight terrorism. 2003 Summer. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 31 30 38 72 80 78 85 23 41 50 26 19 52 55 67 59 32 39 50 23 30 42 42 42 40 26 61 16 14 19 24 13 30 22 16 16 20 57 62 47 43 56 31 52 77 75 I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 65 67 56 18 14 16 13 60 40 37 55 63 20 33 23 34 56 57 42 72 64 48 50 50 47 72 32 62 65 56 56 59 50 52 60 74 45 36 29 40 45 29 61 37 17 20 DK/Refused 4 3 6 11 6 6 2 17 19 13 20 18 28 12 10 8 12 4 8 5 5 11 7 9 13 2 7 22 21 25 20 28 19 27 25 10 35 7 10 13 12 15 8 11 6 6 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 144 . 2007 Spring.

S. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2002 80 73 85 I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 15 24 12 DK/Refused 5 3 3 Total 100 100 100 Due to an administrative error.S. 2011 18 22 12 25 6 18 26 31 21 32 26 30 22 47 32 45 46 16 15 34 35 19 DK/Refused 6 9 0 5 3 6 14 5 6 8 13 1 2 7 17 20 7 15 14 4 5 1 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 145 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring.-led efforts to fight terrorism. ter. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.-led efforts to fight terrorism. 2011 Spring.Q52 And which comes closer to describing your view? I favor the U. 2007 Summer. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. in general would you say this is mostly their own fault or is it mostly because of forces outside their control? Mostly because of forces outside their control 77 69 88 70 91 75 60 64 73 61 62 69 76 46 52 36 47 70 71 63 60 80 Mostly their own fault United States Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Jordan Lebanon Palest. results for the Palestinian territories are not shown. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Late Spring. I favor the USled efforts to fight terrorism Kenya Spring. 2009 Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Pakistan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. OR I oppose the U. 2011 Spring. Q60 Thinking about people in our country who do not have a job. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2010 Fall. 2011 Spring. 2011 Fall. 2009 Spring. 2007 France Spring. 2007 Britain Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q62 Do you think the U. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2009 Spring. 2007 Germany Spring. 2009 Poland Spring. and NATO should remove their troops as soon as possible? Keep troops in Afghanistan United States Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring.S. 2007 Russia Spring.S. or do you think the U. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2010 Fall. 2007 Ukraine Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2008 Spring. 2007 41 48 50 57 50 50 41 49 38 46 48 45 41 47 38 50 46 48 41 40 42 48 43 44 51 43 38 44 34 22 32 27 31 42 24 30 24 24 16 24 15 16 14 12 13 7 11 Remove their troops 52 45 43 38 44 42 51 45 54 48 43 42 58 52 61 49 54 51 58 58 54 47 54 49 44 49 48 46 56 67 50 50 53 44 64 57 65 63 59 53 65 66 72 73 64 62 72 DK/Refused 6 7 7 5 6 7 8 6 8 7 9 13 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 3 8 5 9 13 10 10 11 18 24 16 14 12 13 11 13 25 23 20 18 14 16 22 30 17 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 146 . 2008 Spring. 2010 Fall. 2007 Lithuania Spring. 2010 Fall. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. and NATO should keep military troops in Afghanistan until the situation has stabilized. 2011 Fall. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spain Spring.

2007 Jordan Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Lebanon Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 China Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. or do you think the U. 2008 Spring. 2010 6 11 15 8 11 11 15 19 14 12 9 13 12 16 15 22 21 24 30 27 57 59 59 9 18 16 8 5 34 12 19 17 21 8 44 35 36 32 29 8 6 7 4 9 3 41 37 Remove their troops 75 67 63 72 74 78 81 70 80 82 87 81 86 76 78 71 69 68 66 70 28 27 31 65 54 70 69 80 19 71 62 66 56 80 40 53 51 60 47 69 68 65 72 72 75 46 46 DK/Refused 19 22 22 19 15 11 4 11 6 6 4 6 2 7 7 8 9 8 4 3 15 14 10 25 28 13 22 15 47 18 18 17 23 12 16 12 13 8 24 22 26 28 24 19 22 13 17 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 147 . 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring.S. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Pakistan Late Spring. 2009 Spring.S. 2007 India Indonesia Spring. 2007 Brazil Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. and NATO should remove their troops as soon as possible? Keep troops in Afghanistan Turkey Spring. 2007 Egypt Spring. 2008 Spring. and NATO should keep military troops in Afghanistan until the situation has stabilized. 2011 Spring. 2009 Spring.Q62 Do you think the U. 2010 Spring.

2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 May. 2005 Spain Spring. results for the Palestinian territories are not shown. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2005 Germany Spring. Q63 Turning to China. 2010 Spring. 2007 May. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 25 18 22 12 17 62 57 56 60 Remove their troops 53 61 51 75 70 26 25 30 36 DK/Refused 22 22 27 13 14 12 18 14 4 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Due to an administrative error. and NATO should keep military troops in Afghanistan until the situation has stabilized. 2007 May. 2008 Spring. and NATO should remove their troops as soon as possible? Keep troops in Afghanistan Mexico Spring.S. 2008 Spring. overall do you think that China's growing economy is a good thing or a bad thing for our country? Good thing United States Spring. 2010 Spring.S. 2007 May. 2011 Spring. 2005 Britain Spring. 2007 May. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 37 40 35 41 49 53 44 43 45 56 41 32 37 35 37 46 37 39 39 53 52 36 38 35 36 Bad thing 53 47 53 45 40 32 42 44 41 31 59 67 63 64 61 50 58 56 55 38 40 48 45 44 48 DK/Refused 10 13 11 13 11 15 14 14 14 13 0 1 0 1 2 3 5 5 6 9 8 16 17 21 15 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 148 . 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. or do you think the U. 2009 Spring.Q62 Do you think the U. 2011 Spring. 2005 France Spring. 2007 Kenya Spring.

2011 Spring. 2007 May. 2007 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. 2005 Russia Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2005 Ukraine Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Lebanon Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2006 May. 2007 Japan Spring. 2006 Pakistan Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2007 Palest. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 47 32 39 31 33 36 37 49 43 53 48 46 37 51 13 18 13 27 65 71 52 57 57 54 65 61 66 42 53 54 29 62 61 57 66 57 61 55 57 68 79 79 79 70 63 53 62 39 Bad thing 27 46 46 46 44 38 41 30 34 27 39 40 33 23 64 60 56 49 28 24 37 34 29 33 25 30 24 26 30 31 40 25 28 31 27 35 29 37 27 28 5 6 5 6 10 30 21 43 DK/Refused 27 22 15 23 24 26 22 21 23 20 13 14 30 26 23 22 31 24 8 5 11 9 14 13 10 8 10 32 17 15 32 13 11 12 8 8 11 8 16 4 16 16 16 24 27 17 17 19 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 149 . 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q63 Turning to China. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. overall do you think that China's growing economy is a good thing or a bad thing for our country? Good thing Lithuania Poland Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Jordan Spring.

2010 Spring. 2007 41 36 28 85 90 91 Bad thing 34 48 55 12 6 4 DK/Refused 25 16 16 4 4 5 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 150 . 2011 Spring. 2007 Kenya Spring. 2008 Spring. overall do you think that China's growing economy is a good thing or a bad thing for our country? Good thing Mexico Spring.Q63 Turning to China. 2010 Spring.

2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Lebanon Spring. 2007 Spain Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2006 Ukraine Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 France Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2011 Spring. Spring. 2007 Germany Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Jordan Spring. 2007 Russia Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Palest. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring.Q64 And overall do you think that China's growing military power is a good thing or a bad thing for our country? Good thing United States Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 11 12 8 15 13 11 9 12 16 12 12 15 12 16 8 10 12 11 7 15 11 13 17 9 8 12 14 11 12 12 12 20 9 8 11 15 28 32 33 36 24 20 17 20 62 31 19 20 Bad thing 79 79 82 68 71 74 74 66 83 87 87 84 79 72 81 77 74 66 72 58 62 68 65 74 72 74 71 77 70 76 57 48 66 58 52 53 52 56 46 43 57 59 62 67 29 24 66 55 DK/Refused 10 10 10 17 17 15 17 22 0 1 1 1 9 12 11 14 14 23 21 27 27 19 18 17 20 13 15 12 18 12 31 32 25 34 37 32 20 12 21 21 18 22 20 14 9 45 15 25 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 151 .

2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 Pakistan Late Spring. 2007 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Kenya Spring.Q64 And overall do you think that China's growing military power is a good thing or a bad thing for our country? Good thing India Indonesia Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 22 44 41 27 37 7 4 5 6 3 72 73 70 61 57 29 34 26 21 21 22 62 66 69 Bad thing 50 36 39 42 43 87 88 90 80 93 5 7 7 9 8 51 40 55 46 57 56 29 25 20 DK/Refused 28 20 20 31 20 6 8 5 14 3 23 20 23 30 35 20 25 19 33 22 22 10 9 11 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 152 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring.

2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q79a Please tell me if you approve or disapprove of the way President Barack Obama is dealing with a. ter. global economic problems Approve United States Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. 2011 Spring. 2011 Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 40 52 59 68 52 60 48 32 39 11 20 21 43 30 44 35 36 65 69 11 12 62 41 78 Disapprove 49 27 40 24 38 19 26 36 25 62 73 76 53 66 43 38 13 26 15 51 48 22 42 8 DK/Refused 11 22 1 8 10 20 26 32 36 27 7 2 5 4 13 28 51 9 16 38 40 17 17 13 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 153 . 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Spring. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2011 Spring. 2010 Britain Spring. 2010 Lebanon Spring. the situation in Afghanistan Approve United States Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2010 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Palest. 2011 Spring. 2010 Russia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Egypt Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 France Spring.Q79b Please tell me if you approve or disapprove of the way President Barack Obama is dealing with b. 2010 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2010 Germany Spring. 2010 45 51 44 52 50 55 49 46 46 44 37 38 49 11 20 15 5 5 18 15 12 13 23 22 15 33 17 25 17 28 36 43 40 5 9 6 38 33 24 22 57 66 Disapprove 45 37 39 32 49 43 46 46 44 37 41 39 33 61 45 51 70 62 76 81 87 84 71 72 81 53 52 42 22 56 53 37 38 55 52 55 43 43 57 46 26 22 DK/Refused 10 12 16 16 1 1 5 8 9 19 22 24 17 27 36 33 26 33 6 4 1 3 6 6 4 14 31 33 60 15 11 20 22 40 39 39 19 24 19 32 18 12 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 154 . 2010 Kenya Spring. 2010 Pakistan Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Jordan Spring. 2011 Spring. ter.

2010 Germany Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Palest. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2010 Japan Spring. 2010 France Spring. Iran Approve United States Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China Spring. 2010 Britain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2010 Egypt Spring. 2010 Jordan Spring. 2010 Pakistan Late Spring. ter. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Brazil Spring. 2010 Lebanon Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.Q79c Please tell me if you approve or disapprove of the way President Barack Obama is dealing with c. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Russia Spring. 2010 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 41 44 39 48 53 59 48 49 45 43 29 35 49 9 20 11 5 5 27 22 21 14 40 43 16 29 14 20 11 23 36 41 41 5 10 7 31 32 22 18 44 58 Disapprove 45 41 36 28 45 39 42 39 43 36 42 35 29 60 43 49 68 62 68 76 77 84 55 54 80 61 52 42 23 56 53 40 36 52 50 52 48 43 56 47 31 26 DK/Refused 13 15 24 24 2 1 10 12 12 21 29 30 21 31 37 40 27 33 5 2 2 2 4 3 4 10 35 38 67 20 11 19 24 43 40 40 21 25 22 36 25 16 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 155 . 2011 Spring. 2010 Spain Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2010 Japan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Britain Spring.Q79d Please tell me if you approve or disapprove of the way President Barack Obama is dealing with d. 2010 Lebanon Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spain Spring. 2010 Egypt Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Russia Spring. the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians Approve United States Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Mexico Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Ukraine Turkey Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Lithuania Poland Spring. 2010 Palest. 2010 Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 France Spring. 2010 Jordan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 35 39 32 35 45 51 45 44 32 34 25 31 44 9 15 14 6 5 15 11 17 15 12 8 13 29 14 19 11 26 36 34 32 4 6 5 26 26 24 16 51 57 Disapprove 45 41 42 34 54 47 42 40 58 45 43 36 29 57 39 42 68 66 82 88 82 84 85 90 84 64 48 41 23 57 56 47 46 46 45 51 54 49 54 48 24 25 DK/Refused 20 20 26 31 2 2 13 16 10 21 33 33 27 34 46 44 26 30 3 1 2 2 3 2 3 7 38 39 65 17 8 19 22 50 49 44 20 25 22 37 25 18 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 156 . 2010 India Indonesia Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. ter. 2010 Brazil Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Germany Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Pakistan Late Spring.

Bahrain and Libya Approve United States Britain France Germany Spain Lithuania Poland Russia Ukraine Turkey Egypt Jordan Lebanon Palest. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Brazil Mexico Kenya Spring. 2011 Spring.Q79e Please tell me if you approve or disapprove of the way President Barack Obama is dealing with e. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 44 50 70 69 63 40 47 13 19 8 45 31 41 33 38 14 14 30 48 3 5 39 29 64 Disapprove 39 28 29 26 26 32 27 54 42 65 52 65 52 63 50 46 19 49 30 43 40 38 48 16 DK/Refused 17 22 1 5 10 28 27 33 39 27 3 4 6 4 12 40 66 20 22 54 55 23 24 21 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 157 . ter. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Tunisia. 2011 Spring. the calls for political change in countries such as Egypt. 2011 Late Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. Israel China India Indonesia Japan Pakistan Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring.

2007 Palest. 2010 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2010 Spring. ter. 2006 Pakistan Late Spring. 2009 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 Jordan Spring. Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 Lebanon Spring. 2009 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Indonesia Spring. 2008 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2009 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 20 21 21 21 25 23 26 26 26 26 24 44 22 39 34 29 32 45 34 34 31 28 29 38 58 58 4 5 25 25 23 24 29 30 61 64 58 59 60 58 52 Oppose 65 63 65 67 59 61 63 66 64 61 57 42 70 53 56 61 55 42 64 64 66 69 69 55 38 24 93 91 57 60 66 58 59 59 11 13 10 16 19 13 15 DK/Refused 14 17 14 11 16 16 11 9 9 12 19 14 8 8 10 10 13 12 3 2 3 4 2 7 4 19 3 4 18 15 12 19 12 11 28 23 33 24 21 29 33 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 158 . 2009 Spring. 2007 Israel Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2007 Spring. would you favor or oppose Iran acquiring nuclear weapons? Favor Turkey Spring.Q83 Now thinking about Iran. 2011 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2010 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2008 Spring. 2011 Spring. 2006 Egypt Spring.

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