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======================================================================== to oracle connection =================================== 1. add reference 2. oracle.dataaccess.dll 3. imports ' imports oracle.

dataaccess.client ' oracle managed provider using; // c# using oracle.dataaccess.client; // oracle managed provider 4. dim oradb as string = "data source=oradb;user id=scott;password=tiger;" ' string oradb = "data source=oradb;user id=scott;password=tiger;"; // c# you can modify the connection string to obviate the need for the tnsnames.ora file, however. simply replace the name of the alias with how it would be defined in a tnsnames.ora file. ' dim oradb as + + + string = "data source=(description=" _ "(address_list=(address=(protocol=tcp)(host=otnsrvr)(port=1521)))" _ "(connect_data=(server=dedicated)(service_name=orcl)));" _ "user id=scott;password=tiger;" "data source=(description=" // c# "(address_list=(address=(protocol=tcp)(host=otnsrvr)(port=1521)))" "(connect_data=(server=dedicated)(service_name=orcl)));" "user id=scott;password=tiger;";

string oradb = + + +

dim conn as new oracleconnection(oradb) ' oracleconnection conn = new oracleconnection(oradb); // c# notice that the connection string is associated with the connection object by being passed through the object's constructor, which is overloaded. the constructor's other overload allows the following alternative syntax: dim conn as new oracleconnection() ' conn.connectionstring = oradb oracleconnection conn = new oracleconnection(); // c# conn.connectionstring = oradb; after associating a connection string with a connection object, use the open method to make the actual connection. '; // c# we'll cover error handling later. command object

the command object is used to specify the sql command text that is executed, either a sql string or a stored procedure. similar to the connection object, it must be instantiated from its class and it has an overloaded constructor. dim sql as string = "select dname from dept where deptno = 10" ' dim cmd as new oraclecommand(sql, conn) cmd.commandtype = commandtype.text string sql = "select dname from dept where deptno = 10"; // c# oraclecommand cmd = new oraclecommand(sql, conn); cmd.commandtype = commandtype.text; using different overloads, the syntax can be structured slightly differently. the command object has methods for executing the command text. different methods are appropriate for different types of sql commands. retrieving a scalar value retrieving data from the database can be accomplished by instantiating a datareader object and using the executereader method, which returns an oracledatareader object. developers can access returned data by passing either the column name or zero-based column ordinal to the item property. another option is to use accessor type methods to return column data. dim dr as oracledatareader = cmd.executereader() ' label1.text = dr.item("dname") ' retrieve by column name label1.text = dr.item(0) ' retrieve the first column in the select list label1.text = dr.getstring(0) ' retrieve the first column in the select list c# developers must use accessor type methods for retrieving data. there are typed accessors for returning .net native data types and others for returning native oracle data types. zero-based ordinals are passed to the accessors to specify which column to return. oracledatareader dr = cmd.executereader(); // c#; label1.text = dr.getstring(0); // c# retrieve the first column in the select list =============================================== error handling try-catch-finally structured error handling is a part of .net languages. here is a relatively minimalist example of using the try-catch-finally syntax: dim conn as new oracleconnection(oradb) ' try dim cmd as new oraclecommand cmd.connection = conn cmd.commandtext = "select dname from dept where deptno = " + textbox1.text cmd.commandtype = commandtype.text if then

label1.text = dr.item("dname") ' or use dr.item(0) end if catch ex as exception ' catches any error finally conn.dispose() end try oracleconnection conn = new oracleconnection(oradb); // c# try {; oraclecommand cmd = new oraclecommand(); cmd.connection = conn; cmd.commandtext = "select dname from dept where deptno = " + textbox1.text; cmd.commandtype = commandtype.text; if ( // c# { label1.text = dr.getstring(0); }

} catch (exception ex) // catches any error {; } finally { conn.dispose(); }