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Nkk;gl;l mZciyfs;;;; mit kpfTk; ghJfhg;ghdit; mZciyfs;

ghJfhg;gw;wit vd;W $Wgth;fs; mZtpQ;Qhdk; gw;wp VJk; mwpahjth;fs; vd;nwy;yhk; $wp tUfpd;wdh;. tp~ak; ,e;jpahtpy; ,g;gb ,Uf;f> cyfehLfs; midj;jpYk; vd;d elf;fpwJ? cyfpd; tsh;r;rpaile;j ehLfshff; fUjg;gLfpw mnkhpf;fh [g;ghd;> gpuhd;R vd midj;jpYk; ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzq;fshy; Gjpa mZciyfisj; Jtf;f kf;fs; vjph;g;Gj; njhptpj;J tUfpwhh;fs;. Vw;fdNt ,aq;fptUk; mZciyfisAk; ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf %lr; nrhy;yp tUfpwhh;fs;. Mf> ,d;W ,e;jpah re;jpf;fpw mNj khjphpahd rpf;fiyj; jhNd me;ehLfSk; re;jpf;Fk;? mth;fs; Kw;Wk; Jwe;jth;fshff; fhl;bw;F VJk; nrd;Wtpltpy;iyNa! gy;NtW cyf ehl;bdhpd; juTfisg; ghh;f;ifapy; mth;fs; ek;ikf; fhl;bYk; mjpfstpy; kpd;rhuj;ijg; gad;gLj;Jgth;fs; Mapw;Nw! ekf;Fj; njhpe;j Mw;wy; %yq;fs; jhNd mth;fSf;Fk; njhpe;jpUf;Fk;! me;ehLfspy; fhw;W> #hpaxsp Nghd;w kpd; Mw;wy; %yq;fs; ek; ehl;ilf; fhl;bYk; FiwT vd;gJ jhNd cz;ik! ,th;fs; vg;gb Mw;wy; jd;dpiwit milaKbfpwJ? ekf;F njhpahj ufrpakhd Mw;wy; jpl;lq;fs; VJk; mth;fs; itj;jpUf;fpwhh;fsh? ,g;NghJ ek; ehl;bw;Fk; Nkw;fj;jpa ehLfSf;Fk; cs;s tpj;jpahrq;fisg; ghh;f;fyhk;. mjpy; Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;Yk;gbahf mnkhpf;fhit vLj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;.

NjitNaNjitNaNjitNaNjitNa GjpaGjpaGjpaGjpa fz;Lgpbg;Gfspd;fz;Lgpbg;Gfspd;fz;Lgpbg;Gfspd;fz;Lgpbg;Gfspd; jha;jha;jha;jha; mnkhpf;fhtpy; 1970fspy; Mw;wy; gpur;ridapd; NghJ (Energy Crisis),

gadPl;lhsh;fs; fl;Lf;flq;fhky; mjpfhpf;Fk; Mw;wy; tpiyfisr; rkhspf;f Ntz;b te;jJ. mg;NghJ mZ cs;spl;l gy;NtW Mw;wy; %yq;fs;

(Energy Sources) Nrhjpj;Jg; ghh;f;fg;gl;ld. 1979y; %d;W iky; jPtpy; mZ

ciyg; NguopT epfo;e;jJ. 1980fspy; Gjpa Mw;wy; Nrkpg;G (Energy

Conservation) Kiw Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ mjpfhpj;Jte;j Mw;wy;

tpiyfis gadPl;lhsh;fs; rkhspg;gjw;F cjtpaJ! me;j Kiw jhd;

jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L Kiwfs; (Energy Efficiency)”.

mnkhpf;fmnkhpf;fmnkhpf;fmnkhpf;f Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; tpQ;Qhdpfs;>tpQ;Qhdpfs;>tpQ;Qhdpfs;>tpQ;Qhdpfs;> jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghl;Lr;gad;ghl;Lr;gad;ghl;Lr;gad;ghl;Lr;

Kiwfs;Kiwfs;Kiwfs;Kiwfs; (Energy Efficiency Measures), 1970fspy;1970fspy;1970fspy;1970fspy; Jtq;fpJtq;fpJtq;fpJtq;fp mnkhpf;fmnkhpf;fmnkhpf;fmnkhpf;f

Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; Njitiaf;Njitiaf;Njitiaf;Njitiaf; Fiwf;fFiwf;fFiwf;fFiwf;f topnra;Jtopnra;Jtopnra;Jtopnra;J te;jpUf;fpwJ.te;jpUf;fpwJ.te;jpUf;fpwJ.te;jpUf;fpwJ. xUxUxUxU lhlhlhlhyh;yh;yh;yh; Gross

Domestic Product adjusted for imports f;fhdf;fhdf;fhdf;fhd Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghL 1970fspy;1970fspy;1970fspy;1970fspy;

cs;sijg;cs;sijg;cs;sijg;cs;sijg; NghyNtNghyNtNghyNtNghyNt ,Ue;jpUe;jhy;>,Ue;jpUe;jhy;>,Ue;jpUe;jhy;>,Ue;jpUe;jhy;> mnkhpf;fhmnkhpf;fhmnkhpf;fhmnkhpf;fh 2008y;2008y;2008y;2008y; gadgadgadgad;gLj;jpa;gLj;jpa;gLj;jpa;gLj;jpa

Mw;wiyf;Mw;wiyf;Mw;wiyf;Mw;wiyf; fhl;bYk;fhl;bYk;fhl;bYk;fhl;bYk; 80808080% mjpfkhfr;mjpfkhfr;mjpfkhfr;mjpfkhfr; nrytopf;fnrytopf;fnrytopf;fnrytopf;f Ntz;bNtz;bNtz;bNtz;b ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;.,Ue;jpUf;Fk;.,Ue;jpUf;Fk;.,Ue;jpUf;Fk;.

NtWtpjj;jpy;NtWtpjj;jpy;NtWtpjj;jpy;NtWtpjj;jpy; nrhd;dhy;nrhd;dhy;nrhd;dhy;nrhd;dhy; jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghL jhdjhdjhdjhd;;;; Mw;wYf;fhdMw;wYf;fhdMw;wYf;fhdMw;wYf;fhd

vq;fs;vq;fs;vq;fs;vq;fs; Kjd;ikahdKjd;ikahdKjd;ikahdKjd;ikahd %yk%yk%yk%yk;.;.;.;. gioagioagioagioa njhopy;El;gKk;>njhopy;El;gKk;>njhopy;El;gKk;>njhopy;El;gKk;> re;ijre;ijre;ijre;ij epytuKk;epytuKk;epytuKk;epytuKk; khw;wkpy;yhJkhw;wkpy;yhJkhw;wkpy;yhJkhw;wkpy;yhJ ,Ue;jpUe;jhy;>,Ue;jpUe;jhy;>,Ue;jpUe;jhy;>,Ue;jpUe;jhy;> mjpfhpj;jpUf;ff;$bamjpfhpj;jpUf;ff;$bamjpfhpj;jpUf;ff;$bamjpfhpj;jpUf;ff;$ba Mw;Mw;Mw;Mw;wy;wy;wy;wy; gad;ghl;bd;gad;ghl;bd;gad;ghl;bd;gad;ghl;bd; 70707070

tpOf;fhl;bw;FtpOf;fhl;bw;FtpOf;fhl;bw;FtpOf;fhl;bw;F Nky;Nky;Nky;Nky; jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;gad;;ghLgad;gad;;ghL;ghL;ghL jhd;jhd;jhd;jhd; Fiwj;jJFiwj;jJFiwj;jJFiwj;jJvd;fpd;wdh;.vd;fpd;wdh;.vd;fpd;wdh;.vd;fpd;wdh;.

jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghLjhd; Mw;wYf;fhd vq;fs; Kjd;ikahd %yk; vd;fpwhh;fNs? mjhtJ mdy; kpd;> ePh; kpd;> #hparf;jp> fhw;whiy %ykhd kpd; %yq;fs; vd vy;yh tif kpd; %yq;fisf; fhl;bYk; ,e;j jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghLjhd; Mw;wYf;fhd Kjy; %yk; vd;W kpfg; ngUikahfg; giwrhw;Wfpwhh;fNs! mJ vd;d?

jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghL (Energy Efficiency)

,e;j tif Mw;wy; Nrkpg;gpd;gb, xNu Mw;wy; Nritf;F (cjhuzk;:

xU ,lj;jpypUe;J ,d;ndhU ,lj;jpw;F tz;bapy; Nghtjw;F MFk; Mw;wiy) Mw;wy; tpiuaj;ijf; Fiwg;gjw;fhd rpy khw;wq;fisr; nra;tjd; %yk; Mw;wy; nryitf; Fiwf;f KbAk;.

xU GhpjYf;fhf ,g;gbr; nrhy;y Muk;gpf;fyhk;. jhahh; jpdKk; rikj;J itj;j czit rhg;gpLk;NghJ tpiuak; nra;J te;jjjhy; ehy;th; kl;LNk rhg;gpl;L te;jdh;. mNj Neuj;jpy; jhahh; jpdKk; rikj;J itj;j czit rhg;gpLifapy; tpiuak; nra;ahj NghJ> kPjk; ,Ue;j rhg;ghL $Ljyhf xUtUf;F cztpLk; mstpw;F ,Ue;jJ. ,e;j ,U

epfo;TfspYk;, me;j ehy;tUk; rhg;gpl;l rhg;ghl;bd; msT Fiwatpy;iy.

tpiuak; nra;tijj; jtph;j;jjpdhy; xUth; $Ljyhfr; rhg;gpLk; mstpw;F rhg;ghL kpQ;RfpwJ. tpiuak; nra;J rhg;gpLtijf; fhl;bYk; tpiuak; nra;ahky; rhg;gpLk;NghJ fpilj;j xUtUf;fhd rhg;ghl;il jhahh;

m&gkhf cUthf;fpajhf (Virutal Generation) epidj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;

my;yth? ,ijNa jpwd; cUthf;fk; (Capacity Creation) vd;W nrhy;yp

miof;fpd;wdh;. Mf xNu Mw;wy; Nritia Fiwe;j Mw;wiyf; nfhz;L nra;tNj ,k;Kiw.

mjhtJ xU tz;bapy; Xhplj;jpypUe;J kw;nwhU ,lj;jpw;F

gadpg;gth;fSf;F vmsT ngl;Nuhy; MfpwJ vd;W itj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;.

,k;Kiwia Nkw;;nfhz;lhy;> tz;bapy; rpy khw;wq;fisr; nra;J mNj

egh;fs; mNj gazj;Jhuj;ij vmsitf; fhl;bYk; Fiwthd ngl;Nuhy;

nrytpy; flf;fKbAk;. ,q;F ,U ed;ikfs;. xd;W gazj;jpw;F MFk; ngl;Nuhy; nryit Fiwf;fpNwhk;. mNj Neuj;jpy; Kd;Ds;s epiyia xg;gpLk;NghJ ngl;Nuhy; mLj;j gazj;jpw;F nrytpLk; tifapy; kpr;rkhfpwJ.

,NjNghy; xU kpd;Nkhl;lhiuf; nfhz;L xU Fwpg;gpl;l Ntiyiar;

vd;W

itj;Jf;nfhs;Nthk;. ,e;j Nkhl;lhhpy; rpy khw;wq;fis nra;tjd; %yk;

mNj Ntiyia nra;tjw;F mmsT kpd;rf;jpiaf; fhl;bYk; Fiwthd

kpd;rf;jp nrythFk;. Fiwfpd;w kpd;rf;jpia fpNyhthl; vd;w myfpYk;> vt;tsT Neuk; ehk; kpd;Nkhl;lhiur; nrYj;JfpNwhNkh mij kzpNeukhf khw;wp ,uz;ilAk; ngUf;fy; fzf;F nra;jhy; ehk; vt;tsT Fiwthf kpd; Mw;wiyr; nryT nra;jpUf;fpNwhk; vd;gJ njhpatUk;. me;jstpw;F jFe;jhw;Nghy; ek; kpd; fl;lzk; FiwAk;. ehk; ,g;NghJ NgrpaJ kpd;

Mw;wiyg; (Electrical Energy my;yJ a+dpl; vd ehk; mwpNthk;) gw;wpaJ.

nra;Ak;NghJ

m

msT

kpd;rf;jp

NjitahfpwJ

ehk; Vw;nfdNt ekf;Fj; Njitg;gLk; kpd;rf;jp (Electrical Power my;yJ

vj;jid thl; / vr;.gp. vd;W mwpNthk;) Fiwtjhff; $wpNdhNk mij

gf;fj;J

tPl;Lf;fhuh;

Gjpjhf

thq;fpa

Nkhl;lhUf;F

nfhLf;fg;

gad;gLk;.

,k;Kiwiar; nray;gLj;Jtjw;Ff; $Ljyhf gz KjyPL nra;a Ntz;btUk;. $Ljyhf KjyPL nra;Ak; gzKk; 1Kjy; 3tUlq;fSf;Fs; Mw;wy; kpd;rhur; nryT Fiwtjhy; jpUk;gg; ngw;W tpLth;. Mf ,k;Kiwapy; ekf;Fk; gad;> ,t;thW xU a+dpl; kpd;rhuk; Nrkpg;gJ vd;gJ

2, 2 ½ a+dpl; kpd;rhuk; jahhpj;jjw;F <lhFk;. ,ij kpd;Jiw gw;wp

gupr;raKs;sth;fs; mwpth;. mNjNghy; jhd; ngl;Nuhy; nryTf; Fiwe;jhYk; ekf;Fk;> gpwUf;Fk;> Gtpf;Fk; ed;ik.

jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghl;;;by;gad;ghl;;;by;gad;ghl;;;by;gad;ghl;;;by; gpwgpwgpwgpw ehl;Lehl;Lehl;Lehl;L mDgtmDgtk;mDgtmDgtk;k;k;

Kd;dzp

Muha;r;rpahsh;fs;, “jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghL nghUshjhur; nropg;ig>

Mw;wy; cj;jputhj;ij> Rw;Wr;#oy; ghJfhg;ig Nkk;gLj;JfpwJ; ,JNt

Mw;wy; rpf;fypy; ,Ue;J kPs;tjw;fhd kpfr; rpwe;j topvd;W myrpg;

ghh;j;Jf; $wpdh;. mjw;fhfj; jq;fis mh;g;gzpj;Jf; nfhz;ldh;.

1980

fspNyNa

mnkhpf;f

Mw;wy;

Jiwapd;

me;j

Mw;wy; tpQ;Qhdpfs; 1980 fspNyNa jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;

gad;ghl;bd; %yk; nghUshjhur; nropg;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; mnkhpf;f rig

(American Council for Energy Efficient Economy) vd;w yhgNehf;fw;w

mikg;ig Vw;gLj;jpdh;. ngaiur; rw;W Mokhfr; rpe;jpf;fTk;!

mnkhpf;f murpd; Mw;wy; mikr;rfj;jpd; fPo; jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;

gad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghL kw;Wk;kw;Wk;kw;Wk;kw;Wk; kuGrhuhkuGrhuhkuGrhuhkuGrhuh Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; JiwJiwJiwJiw vd;w mikg;G cs;sJ. ,jpYk;,

ngahpy; cs;s thpirf; fpukk; kpf Kf;fpakhdJ. Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; rpf;fYf;fhdrpf;fYf;fhdrpf;fYf;fhdrpf;fYf;fhd

Kjd;ikahdKjd;ikahdKjd;ikahdKjd;ikahd %yk;%yk;%yk;%yk; jpjpwjpjpwwk;gl;lwk;gl;lk;gl;lk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghL jhd;;;;; gpd;dh; jhd; kuGrhuh

Mwwy;fshd #hpaxsp> fhw;W Nghd;wit. ,ijg; gy gj;jhz;Lfshf mnkhpf;f muR mwpAk;.

2009-y; mnkhpf;f mjpgh; Njh;jYf;fhd gpur;rhuj;jpd; NghJ nrdl;luhf

,Ue;j xghkh, Mw;wy; gw;wp Ngrpa ,uz;L fUj;Jf;fs; Kf;fpakhdit:

1. mZkpd;rhuk; vLf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l mZvhpnghUis (Spent

Fuel) ghJfhg;ghf fopf;f (Dispose) topapy;iy. mjdhy; ekf;F

mZciyfs; %ykhd kpd;rhuk; Ntz;lhk;!

2. ehk; ek;Kila jiutop tz;bfspd; lah;fspy; itf;fpw fhw;iw xOq;fhf itj;jhNy mnkhpf;f Njrpa mstpy; nrythFk; vhpnghUspy; xU rjtPjj;ij kpr;rg;gLj;j KbAk;.

jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;bd; %yk; nghUshjhur; nropg;ig

Vw;gLj;Jk;

mnkhpf;f rig

(American Council for Energy Efficient Economy)

jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;ilg; gw;wp gpd;tUkhW $WfpwJ:

,J gadPl;lhsh; mikg;gpypUe;J cUthfpw %ykhf (Utility System

Source) kjpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,J Gtp ntg;gk; milar; nra;Ak; thAf;fisf;

(Green House Gases) Fiwg;gNjhL gadPl;lhsh;fspd; nryitAk; Fiwf;fpwJ.

Gjpa njhopy;fs;> Ntiyf;F toptFf;fpwJ. nghUshjhuf; ftiyfs; kw;Wk; Rw;Wr; #oy; khw;wq;fspd; fhuzkhf rl;lkd;wq;fSk;> fl;Lghl;lhsh;fSk;

Kd;ndg;NghJk;

,Ue;jpuhjtifapy; Jiz nra;fpd;wdh;”.

(Regulators) jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L KiwfSf;F

,d;wsTk; mth;fs; jpl;lk; tFj;J 2020-y; jw;NghJ nrytopaf; $ba

Mw;wypy; 20% tiu Nrkpf;f KbAk; vd;fpd;wdh;.

cyfpy;cyfpy;cyfpy;cyfpy; jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghl;bd;gad;ghl;bd;gad;ghl;bd;gad;ghl;bd; Kf;fpaj;JtkKf;fpaj;Jtk;Kf;fpaj;JtkKf;fpaj;Jtk (Energy Efficiency)

ekf;F kpd;Nrkpg;G vd;why; Fz;L gy;g; khw;WtJ gw;wpj; njhpAk;. cyfpy; ngUthhpahd kpd;rhjdq;fs; Nkhl;lhh;fs;jhd;.

kpd;gStpy; (Electrical Load) kpd; Nkhl;lh;fs;jhd; Kf;fpakhd gq;F

tfpg;git. njhopw;rhiyfspy; 70%-f;Fk; Nkyhd kpd;gS ,tw;wpdhy;jhd;.

tptrhaj;jpy; fpl;lj;jl;l KOikahd kpd;gSTk; kpd;Nkhl;lh;fshy;jhd;.

vg;gbg;gl;l kpd;Nkhl;lh;fis thq;FtJ> xU gad;ghl;bw;F mjd; rf;jp vd;dthf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;> mij ve;Neuj;jpy; ,af;FtJ> mjpy; kpd;rhuj;ijj; jpwk;gl gad;gLj;j NtNwJk; topfs; cz;lh? vd;git Nghd;w gy topfis cs;slf;fpaJjhd; ,e;j jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L Kiwfs;.

Nkhl;lhh;fspy; xU rpwpa msT Nrkpg;G nra;jhNy ngUkstpyhd kpd;

rf;jpiar; Nrkpf;f KbAk;. ,ij ed;fwpe;J jhd; mnkhpf;fh, INuhg;gh

Nghd;wit kpd; Nkhl;lhh;fSf;fhd juf;fl;Lg;ghLfis fLikahf;fp> ngUkstpy; Mw;wiy Nrkpj;J tUfpd;wd. ek; ehl;by; ,Uf;Fk; Nkhl;lhh;fs; gad;gLj;Jk; kpd;rf;jpiaf; fhl;bYk; kpff; Fiwe;j msNt kpd;rf;jpia vLf;fpw Nkhl;lhh;fs; me;ehLfspy; tbtikf;fg;gLfd;wd. 1980fspy; Jtq;fp mnkhpf;fh> INuhg;ghtpy; jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghL

(Energy Efficiency) fl;lhakhf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

kpd; Mw;wy; (Electrical

Energy), ntk;ik Mw;wy; (Thermal Energy), fhw;wOj;j Njitfspd; (Air

Compressor) jzpf;if vd Ez;ikahf gy Mw;wy; jzpf;iffisr;

nra;J jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;bw;F toptFf;f KbAk;.

jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L Kiwfspy;

mnkhpf;fhtpy; State Policy, Federal Policy, Local Policy vd gy;NtW

jpl;lq;fis tFj;J cs;@h; mstpypUe;J Njrpa msTtiu jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;bw;fhd toptiffisj; Njb ,d;wsTk; eilKiwg;gLj;jp tUfpd;wdh;. mjpy; ngUk; ntw;wpailfpd;wdh;!

tPLfs;> rpWnjhopy;> tptrhak;> njhopw;rhiyfs;> tzpfk; Nghf;Ftuj;J vd;W vy;yhj; JiwfSf;Fk; jpl;lk; tFj;J nray;gl;L tUfpwhh;fs;. mnkhpf;fh;fSila neLehisa mDgtj;ijj; jq;fs; ehl;bw;Fg;

gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s jpl;lk; tFj;J rPd muR gy;yhapuk; nkfhthl; kpd; rf;jpiar; Nrkpj;Js;sJ. ,g;gb ,J gw;wpf; $wpf; nfhz;Nl Nghfyhk;!

cyf eltbf;iffs; ,t;thW ,Uf;f> ,e;jpahtpw;F jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghL gw;wpj; njhpahjh?

,e;jpahtpy;,e;jpahtpy;,e;jpahtpy;,e;jpahtpy; jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghLgad;ghL gw;wpagw;wpagw;wpagw;wpa mwpTmwpTmwpTmwpT

,e;jpahtpy; Indian Institute of Science vd;w cah;fy;tp epWtdk;

cs;sJ. mjpy; Nguhrphpauhf ,Ue;j kiwe;j Kidth.; m%y;ah nul;b kw;Wk; gpNurpy; Nghd;w gy ehLfisr; Nrh;e;j Nguhrphpah;fs; rh;tNjr

Mw;wy; Njitf;fhd Kd;Kaw;rp (International Energy Initiative) vd;w

mikg;igj; Jtf;fpdh;. ,d;Wtiu me;j mikg;G nray;gl;L tUfpwJ.

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,k;Kiwfis nrhy;ypf;nfhLf;f Kd;tUfpd;w mwpQh;fs; gy ehLfspYk; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. mth;fsplk; me;je;j ehl;by; cs;s mDgtq;fis vy;yhk; gpujkh; Nfl;Lg; ngw;wpUf;fyhNk? ek; midtUf;Fk; ,J gaDs;sjhf mike;jpUf;FNk!

mZciyf;fhd ,e;j khw;W xd;W ,Uf;fpwNj? ,dpNkyhtJ ,jw;fhd rhj;jpakhd Nrkpg;Gfisg; gw;wp njhpe;J nfhs;tjw;Fj; Njitahd juTfis vLg;gjw;F muR Kaw;rp nra;ayhkh? jpl;lq;fs; tFj;J ,k;Kiwf;fhd ,yf;Ffis itj;J mij milAkh ek; muR!

2032y; mZ ciyfs; %yk; ntspehLfisr; Nrh;e;j gd;dhl;L epWtdq;fisf; nfhz;L mZ kpd; cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; jpl;lj;ijAk; Nrh;j;J mZciyfspd; %yk; 63>000 nkfh thl; tiu kpd; rf;jp cUthf;fj; jpl;lk; vd;W $wptUfpd;wdh; mZtpQ;Qhdpfs;;. jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;bd; %yk; kpd;Nrkpg;G epr;rak; muR tiyjsj;jpy; Nghl;Ls;s

25>00025>00025>00025>000 nkfhnkfhnkfhnkfh thl;thl;thl;thl; my;y; mijf; fhl;bYk; gd;klq;F rhj;jpak; vd;gij tprakwpe;jth;fs; mwpth;!

kj;jpa kpd;rhu Mizaj;jpd; (Central Electricity Authority) mwpf;ifg;gb

2010-11y; nrythd kpd; Mw;wy; 811.11 gpy;ypad; a+dpl;Lfs;. kpd;flj;jy;

kw;Wk; gfph;khdj;jpy; (Transmission and distribution) Vw;gLfpw xUq;fpize;j

njhopy;El;g kw;Wk; tzpf kpd; ,og;Gfs; 31 rjtPjk; ,Ug;gjhf Planning

Commission nrhy;fpwJ. xUq;fpize;j njhopy;El;g kw;Wk; tzpf kpd;

,og;Gfisr; rh;tNjr cr;rtuk;ghd 15 rjtPjj;jpw;F nfhz;L te;jhy;

Fiwe;jgl;rkhf 15>417 nk.thl;il Nrkpf;fyhk;, m&gkhf cUthf;fyhk;.

mjpfgl;rkhf 26>428 nk.thl;il m&gkhf cUthf;fyhk;.

mijg; gjpide;J rjtPjj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L tu Ntz;Lk; vd;gij kj;jpa> khepy muRfs; vg;nghOJ nra;Ak;? ,e;j ,og;igf; Fiwf;f

Kbatpy;iy vd;why; Vd; mijr; nra;a Kbatpy;iy vd;W nghJkf;fSf;F tpsf;fk; mspf;f Ntz;Lk;!

tptrhaj;Jiwapy;> ,e;jpahtpy; ,aq;fptUfpd;w 200 yl;rk; gk;g; nrl;Lfspy; ngUk;ghyhdit jpwk;gl kpd;rf;jpiag; gad;gLj;Jtjpy;iy. ,tw;wpy; tUlj;jpw;F 62.1 gpy;ypad; a+dpl;Lfs; Nrkpf;f KbAk; vd;W muR tiyjsj;jpy; Nghl;Ls;sJ.

tPl;L cgNahfj;jpy;, gpwtw;wpy; ngUkstpy; Nrkpf;f KbAk;! me;j msitf; fzf;fpl murplk; rhpahd juTfs; cs;sjh? cyf ehl;by; elg;gtw;iwg; ghh;j;jhy; epr;rk; ehk; njhopy; Jiw>

tzpfj;jpy; kl;Lk; 25>000 nkfhthl;Lf;Fk; $Ljyhfr; Nrkpf;f KbAk;,

m&gkhf kpd;jpwiz cUthf;fyhk;;. xUq;fpize;j njhopy;El;g kw;Wk; tzpf kpd; ,og;Gfisr; rh;tNjr cr;rtuk;ghd 15 rjtPjj;jpw;F nfhz;L

te;jhy; Fiwe;jgl;rkhf 15>417 nk.thl;il Nrkpf;fyhk;, m&gkhf

kpd;jpwiz cUthf;fyhk;. tptrhaj;Jiw> tPl;L cgNahfk; vd Nrkpj;jhy;

63>000 nkfhthl; Nrkpg;gJ, m&gkhf kpd;jpwiz cUthf;FtJ kpf

vspNj! kpd;rhuj;Jiwapy; kl;LNk ,t;tsT Nrkpg;G> Mw;wy; Jiwapy; jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L Kiwfis mky;gLj;jpdhy; ekf;F vhpthA> ngl;Nuhy;> Bry; Nghd;wtw;wpw;F MFk; mjpfhpj;J tUk; nryTfs; FiwAk; vd;gJ njs;sj; njspT!

gd;dhl;L epWtdq;fis ek;gp ehk; gyyl;rk; Nfhb &gha; nrytpl Ntz;ba> NguopT mghaj;ij cs;slf;fpa mZ kpd;rhu cw;gj;jpia tpl

jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L Kiwfspdhy; muRf;F kpff; Fiwe;j nryNt

MFk;. kf;fs; midtUNk ,k;Kiwia tpUk;Gth;. ve;j nraiyr; nra;tjw;Fk; jilfs; rpy ,Uf;Fk;. gpujkuth;fNs! FWfpa ftiyfs; ,y;yhky; ePz;lfhy> njhiy Nehf;Fg; ghh;it Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhd;dPh;fs; my;yth!

Nkw;fj;jpa muRfs; Mw;wy; Jiwapy; cs;s gd;dhl;Lf; fk;ngdpfspd; $l;lhy;> ehl;bd; ngUe;jpus; kf;fspd; eyDf;F khwhf gy fhuzq;fisf; $wpf;nfhz;L may; ehLfisg; gilnaLj;J mq;Fs;s Ml;rpahsh;fis

gy;NtW fhuzq;fs; nrhy;yp mop;j;JtUtJk;> me;ehLfspy; kf;fs; nrhy;y nthd;dhj; Jauq;fSf;F Ml;gl;L tUtJk; ek; fz;$L.

ehk; kf;fs; rhh;e;j ey;y tp~aq;fs; vq;fpUe;J te;jhYk; ePiutpLj;Jg; ghiy cz;Zk; md;dg;;gwit NghypUf;f Ntz;Lk;!

cz;ikfs; ,t;thwpUf;f> ,J VNjh mZ ciyg; ghJfhg;G

rk;ke;jkhd gpur;ridahfTk;> kf;fs; gPjpaile;jpUf;fpwhh;fs;; mth;fspd;

mr;rj;ijg; Nghf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w thjq;fis kj;jpa muR Kd; itf;fpwJ.

mjpfhu mZtpQ;Qhdpfs;, mZ ciyia uhZtj;ijf; nfhz;NlDk;

,af;FNthk; vd;W Jbf;fpd;wdh;. mth;fs; kf;fspd;> cs;shl;rp kd;wq;fspd;> khepy muRfspd; eyd;fisAk;> czh;TfisAk; kjpahJ ,Uf;fpd;wdh;.

$lq;Fs mZciyfis ,af;fp mtw;wpypUe;J fpilf;Fk; 925 nkfhthl; kpd; rf;jpia ehq;fs; jkpofj;Jf;F mspg;gjpy; cWjpahf

cs;Nshk;; $lq;Fs mZciyfs; ,aq;fhtpl;lhy; jkpo;ehL Kd;NdwNt

KbahJ vd;nwy;yhk; kpul;liy gpujkh; tpLtJk;, gpujkh; mYtyf

mikr;rh; Kjw;nfhz;L jkpof Kjy;th; fkpl;b mikf;fhjjhy; jhd; ehq;fs; fkpl;b mikf;ftpy;iy vd;nwy;yhk; khepy muirAk;> Kjy;tiuAk; rPz;baJk;; ve;j tifapy; epahak;! ,e;jpa mZrf;jp fofj;jpd; jiyth;

ghzh;[p, njhopy;El;g tp~aq;fis vy;yhk; nrhy;yp kpul;LfpwhNu!

elg;git vy;yhtw;iwAk; ghh;f;Fk; NghJ, fy;tpawpT ngw;wth;fSf;Nf

Ngur;rk; Vw;gLfpwNj! cz;ikapy; ,e;j mZciyj;jpl;lq;fs; ek; eyDf;Fk; ek; jiyKiwapd; eyDf;fhfj;jhdh? vd;w Ngur;rk; Vw;gLfpwNj! tpgj;J Vw;gl;lnjd;why; gd;dhl;Lf; fk;ngdpfs; ifia tphpf;fg; Nghfpd;wd. thpg;gzk; ek;KilaJ jhNd nryT! Mf> mZ Mw;wy; rhpah? ngUk; nryT ,y;yhj jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghL ey;yjh?

tp~ak; ,g;gb cyfshtpa xd;whfTk;> ngUk; Nghh;fis Vw;gLj;Jfpd;w Mw;wy; rk;ge;jg;gl;l xd;whfTk;> ,Uf;f ,J VNjh mZ tpQ;Qhdpfs;> mZtpQ;Qhdk; mwpe;jth;fs;> muRfs; mikf;Fk; FOf;fs;

kl;LNk fliyAk;, mjd; Mw;wiyAk; rkhspj;J jq;fs; tho;thjhuj;ijj;

Njbf;nfhs;Sk;> ngUksT Vl;Lf; fy;tp mwpahj $lq;Fs gFjpiar; Nrh;e;j vspa kf;fSf;F njhopy;ty;Ydj;jd;ik epiwe;j nrhy;yhly;fis nfhz;L mth;fspd; tho;T> tho;thjhuk;> re;jjpfspd; eyd; gw;wp vOe;Js;s

Ngur;rj;ijAk;> ek; midtUf;Fk; vOe;Js;s re;Njfq;fisAk;,

mr;rj;ijAk; Nghf;fptpl KbAkh?

,e;j Mw;wy; gpur;rid ePz;lfhyg; gpur;ridahFk;! mJ gw;wpa jfty;fs; midj;Jk; jpul;b mjw;fhd jPh;f;fkhd jPh;T fhz Ntz;Lk;. epr;rakhf murhq;fj;jpd; xg;Gjy; thf;F%yj;jpd; gbNa Fiwe;jJ 2015y; 19>000 nkfhthl; kpd;rf;jpia njhopw;Jiwapy; kl;LNk Nrkpj;J tpl KbAk;. 2020y; 20>000 nk.th. #hpa xsp kpd;rhuj;ij jahhpf;f kj;jpa muR jpl;lkpl;Ls;sJ. mjw;fhd Ntiyfisj; jPtpukhf KLf;fptplhky; gbg;gbahf njhopw;Jiw jtph;j;j kw;w Jiwfspy; kpd;rhuk; kw;Wk; gpw Mw;wy;fisr; Nrkpg;gjpy; ftdk; nrYj;jpdhy; epr;rak; ehk; Mw;wy; jd;dpiwit mile;Jtpl KbAk;. jtpu kw;w khw;W Mw;wy; %yq;fSk; ek; ,yf;fpid vl;lf; if nfhLf;Fk;!

mijtplf; $Ljyhf> ntWk; mZtpQ;Qhd jsj;jpy; vLf;fg;gLfpd;w Kbty;y ,J! murpay;> nghUshjhuk;> ek; tho;T Kiw vd gyj;jsq;fisr; Nrh;e;Njhh; gq;Nfw;W jPh;T fhz Ntz;ba tp~ak;!

MfNtMfNtMfNtMfNt ,e;jpahtpy;,e;jpahtpy;,e;jpahtpy;,e;jpahtpy; cs;scs;scs;scs;s midj;Jmidj;Jmidj;Jmidj;J mZciyfisAk;mZciyfisAk;mZciyfisAk;mZciyfisAk; %Lk;%Lk;%Lk;%Lk; jpl;lj;ijjpl;lj;ijjpl;lj;ijjpl;lj;ij muRmuRmuRmuR cldbahfcldbahfcldbahfcldbahf mwptpf;fmwptpf;fmwptpf;fmwptpf;f Ntz;Lk;!Ntz;Lk;!Ntz;Lk;!Ntz;Lk;!

jpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;ljpwk;gl;l Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy;Mw;wy; gad;ghl;bdhy;gad;ghl;bdhy;gad;ghl;bdhy;gad;ghl;bdhy; Vw;gLk;Vw;gLk;Vw;gLk;Vw;gLk; eyd;fs;eyd;fs;eyd;fs;eyd;fs;

1.

,J fhyq;fhyj;jpw;Fk; gyd; mspg;gjhf> ,Uf;fpd;w vy;yh Mw;wYf;fhd %yq;fisf; fhl;bYk; Kjd;ikahd %ykhFk;.

2.

,J mghaq;fs; VJk; cs;slf;fhjJ.

3.

,J Neubahf kpd;epiyaq;fis epWTtij Njitaw;wjhf;fp> gjpyhf m&gkhf kpd;epiyaq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;Fr; rkkhdjhFk;.

,J kf;fs; thpg;gzj;ij tpiuak; nra;;ahky; kpd;rf;jp jpwd; fpilf;f toptFf;Fk; Kiw. Vw;fdNt cs;s kpd;epiyaq;fis itj;Nj ek; Njitfis epiwTnra;a cjTk;.

4.

,k;Kiwapd; %yk; m&gkhf kpd;jpwid cUthf;fp> Gjpa epiyaq;fisj; jtph;g;gNj kpff; Fiwe;j nrytpdk; nfhz;ljhFk;.

5.

,J Rw;Wr;#oy; rPh;Nfl;il Fiwf;f cjTk;.

6.

,k;Kiwia Nkw;nfhs;s rpy rPh; nra;Ak; eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;btuyhk;. mt;thW me;eltbf;iffSf;Fr; nrytpLk; njhif 1 Kjy; 3 tUlq;fspy; jpUk;gf; fpilj;JtpLk;. Mjd; gpwF rPh;nra;Ak; eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l rhjdj;jpd; tho;ehs; fhyk; KOf;f ekf;F fpilg;gJ yhgk; kl;LNk!

7.

,J mjpfhpj;J tUk; ek; kpd; nryT> ngl;Nuhy;> Bry;> rikay; vhpthA Nghd;wtw;wpd; nryTfis Fiwj;J mtw;wpw;fhd mjpfhpj;j nryTfspy; ,Ue;J ek;ikf; fhf;Fk;.

8.

xU A+dpl; kpd;rhuj;ij kpd; gadPl;lhsh; Nrkpj;jhy; cz;ikapy; 2 Kjy; 2 ½

a+dpl;Lfs; kpr;rkhFk;.

9.

tPLfs;> rpWnjhopy;fs;> tptrhak;> njhopw;rhiyfs;> tzpfk;>

Nghf;Ftuj;J vd;W gytw;wpYk; ,k;Kiwia Nkw;nfhz;L eyk;> njhopy;tsk; ngwKbAk;.

10.

Ntiy vd;why; rhg;l;Nth; njhopy; vd;w epiy Ngha;> midj;Jj; JiwfspYk; ek; ehl;L ,isQh;fSf;F Ntiytha;g;Gfis Vw;gLj;Jk;.

12.

,J cz;ikahfNt kf;fs; rhh;ghd nghUshjhuj;jpw;F toptif nra;Ak;.

13.

,J Gjpa Ntiyfs; Vw;gLtjhy; ntspehL> ePz;l njhiytpy; cs;s ,lq;fspy; nrd;W Ntiy ghh;f;Fk; epiyiaf; Fiwj;J cs;@h; mstpy; njhopy;fisg; ngUf;Fk;.

14.

,k;Kiwfis Nkw;nfhs;s toq;fg;gLk; fld; jhd; cj;juthjj;NjhL

jpUk;gr; nrYj;jg;gLk; fldhf ,Uf;Fk;.

cz;ikf;Fcz;ikf;Fcz;ikf;Fcz;ikf;F njhlh;gpy;yhjnjhlh;gpy;yhjnjhlh;gpy;yhjnjhlh;gpy;yhj kpd;kpd;kpd;kpd; ,yf;F,yf;F,yf;F,yf;F

,e;jpah ,g;NghJs;s 1>50>000 nk.th. kpd;rf;jp cw;gj;jpapy; ,Ue;J 2020y; 4>00>000 nk.th. vd;Wk; 2030y; 9>50>000 nk.th. cw;gj;jp nra;a Ntz;bapUg;gjhf cyfg; nghUshjhu ty;Yeh;fs; vjph;ghh;f;fpd;wdh; vd;fpwhh; tpQ;Qhdp mg;Jy; fyhk;> mth;fs;. mg;NghJ $l ,e;jpahtpy; jdpkdpj Mw;wy; gad;ghL> jw;NghJs;s mnkhpf;f jdpkdpjg; gad;ghl;il tpl 4y; 1 gq;F Fiwthfj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk; vd;fpwhh;.

,q;F jhd; Nkiy ehLfis ml;ilf; fhg;gp (aping the west) mbj;J

,yf;F eph;zapf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. jdpkdpj Mw;wy; gad;ghLjhd;> Energy

consumption per GDP jhd; kf;fs; RgPl;rk;> tho;f;ifj;juk; gw;wpa Fwp

(Index) vd;W ghh;f;fpd;w Nkw;F ehl;bdhpd; Nghf;F! ,e;j Kd;khjphp (Model)

kf;fs; rhh;gw;wjy;y. ,e;j Kd;khjphp; mJ cUthd ,lj;jpNyNa Njhy;tp

fz;LtUtij Wall Street Kw;Wifg; Nghuhl;lj;jpypUe;J ehk; mwpNthk;.

mq;NfNa 1 tpOf;fhl;bdh; trjp gilj;Njhh;> 99 tpOf;fhl;bdh; Vio kf;fs; vd;w epiy.

,e;jpahtpYk; gzf;fhuh;fSf;Fk; ViofSf;Fk; ,ilapyhd gpsT $bf;nfhz;Nl NghfpwJ. jpUney;Ntyp cs;spl jkpofg; gFjpfspd; ,isQh;fs; Kk;ig Nghd;w ngU efuq;fspy; Kil ehw;wq;fspy; rpg;by; cwq;fp vOe;J fopf;ff; $l xJf;Fg;Gwk; ,y;yhky; uapy;Ntj; jz;lthsq;fspd; Xuj;jpy; fopj;J NftykhdnjhU tho;f;if tho;e;J tUfpd;wdh;.

mjpfhpj;J tUfpw tpiythrpia kf;fs; rkhspf;f Kbahky; cs;sdh;. kpd;fl;lzk;> vhpthAf;fl;lzk;> ngl;Nuhy; fl;lzk;> fha;fwpr; nryT vd tp~khf VWk; tpiythrpia rkhspf;f Kbahky; ngUk;ghd;ik kf;fs;.

jpl;lf;FO nrhy;fpwJ khwptUk; tho;f;if Kiw (Changing lifestyle)

fhuzkhf mjpfstpy; kpd;rhuk; Njitg;gLk; vd;W. 120 Nfhb kf;fisf; nfhz;l ehl;by; 60 rjtPjj;jpw;Fk; NkyhNdhh; tUikf; Nfhl;bw;Ff; fPo;

cs;s epiyapy; Formula 1 mjptpiuTf; fhh; ge;jak; ele;J tUfpwJ;

elj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ Gjpa ,e;jpag; gzf;fhuh;fshy;. Life style khwp

,Ug;gnjd;dNth cz;ikjhd;!

Njrpa Fw;wtpay; gjpT mikg;G> ,e;jpahtpy; tptrhaj;Jiwapy; tpgj;J kw;Wk; jw;nfhiyfspd; vz;zpf;if 15>964 vd;fpwJ. 1995,y; ,Ue;J Jtq;fp (tptrhaj; jw;nfhiyfs; gjpT nra;aj; Jtq;fpaNjh mJ Kjy;) ,d;W tiu jw;nfhiy kw;wk; rhT vz;zpf;if 2>56>913 vd;fpwJ. ,J kdpj tuyhw;wpNyNa ele;jpuhj mstpyhd jw;nfhiyfs;.

nry;tr; nropg;ghd k`huh~;buhtpy; kl;Lk; 50>000 tptrhapfs; jw;nfhiy. gj;J tUlq;fshf ,k;khjphpahd Nkhrkhd rhTfSf;F me;j khepyNk Kd;Ndhb.

fle;j vl;lhz;L fhyk;> mjw;F Ke;ija vl;lhz;L fhyj;ijf;

fhl;bYk; NkhrkhdJ. 2003 10y; 1>35>756 Ngh; kuzkile;Js;sdh;. 1995-

2002y; 1>21>157 Ngh; kuzkile;Js;sdh;. mjhtJ Ke;ija 8 Mz;Lfisf; fhl;bYk; rkPgj;jpa 8 Mz;by; tptrhapfspd; jw;nfhiyr;rhT vz;zpf;if ruhrhpahf xU tUlj;jpw;F 1>825 klq;F mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. tptrhapfspd; vz;zpf;if Fiwe;J tUfpwJ.

2001 fzf;fPl;bd;gb> 1991 fzf;fPl;ilf; fhl;bYk;> ,e;jpahtpy; tptrhak; nra;Ak; Kf;fpa njhopyhsh;fs; 70 yl;rk; Ngh; Fiwe;Js;sdh;. 2011d; fzf;fPl;Lj; juTfs; ntsptutpy;iy. Mdhy; Kd;idtplf; $LjyhNdhh; tptrhak; nra;tijf; iftpl;Ls;sdh;. NtW tpjkhfr; nrhd;dhy; Nghplh; fhyj;jpy; tptrhak; nra;Nthhpd; vz;zpf;if Fiwe;J tu> tptrhapfspd; jw;nfhiyfs; mjpfhpj;J tUfpwJ.

tUlj;jpw;F 15>000j;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l tptrhapfs; tpgj;J /

jw;nfhiyapy; kbe;J tUfpd;wdh;. czTf;fhd cj;juthjk; (Food security)

rpf;fypy; cs;sJ.

Nkiy ehLfNs jq;fSila nghUshjhu Kd;khjphp kpff; FWfpa rpyUf;Nf gad;gl;L tUk; epiyapy;> kf;fs; jpus; Nghuhl;lq;fshy; jpzwp

tUfpd;wd. mth;fs; jpzwpf; nfhz;bUf;fpw Ntisapy; kd;Nkhfd; rpq;Nfh nghUshjhuj;jpy; Nkw;Fyifr; rhh;e;J epw;gjhy; mth;fisg; ghh;j;J ePq;fs; nfhQ;rk; Rjhhpf;f Ntz;Lk;; vd;W nfQ;rp epw;fpwhh;.

mg;gbg;gl;lnjhU nghUshjhu Kd;khjphpapy; ,Ue;J vOk; kpd; ,yf;Fjhd; mg;Jy;fyhk; mth;fs; itf;Fk; 2030y; 9>50>000 nk.th. vd;gJ. NghJk; ,e;j cyfg; nghUshjhu epGzh;fspd; ,yf;F vd;w Nkhrb!

jpl;lf;fkp~d; ,Nj kpd; ,yf;Ffisf; $WfpwJ. kpd;rf;jp/kpd;Mw;wy;

,yf;Ffisnay;yhk; tUlq;fisf; Fwpg;gpl;Lg; NgRk; jpl;lf;FO> ,e;j jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L tp~aj;jpy; kl;Lk; njspthff; Fwpg;gplhky; Fog;GfpwJ. ,J Vd;?

rPdh Nghd;W jpwk;gl;l Mw;wy; gad;ghl;L Kiwfis mky;gLj;j

,e;jpah jPtuk; fhl;ltpy;iy. rPdh 2005Kjy; 2010-k; Mz;bw;Fs; Energy

Intensity per GDP ia 20% Fiwg;gjhf KbntLj;Jr; nray;gLfpwJ. Vd;

,e;jpahtpy; mt;thW jPtpuk; fhl;lg;gltpy;iy?

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(financial meltdown), Mw;wy; rhh;e;j Rw;Wf;#oy; rPh;NfLk; (environmental

meltdown) Nrh;e;J elg;gJ epr;rak;!

capita

consumption

of

energy)

nfhz;L tu Ntz;Lk;

vd;w