Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for MBA Degree Program of Uttar Pradesh Technical University, Lucknow

Institute Guide:

Submitted by:-

Mr. Rajeev Bhandari Lecturer IIMS (BAREILLY)

Yashwant Kumar Tiwari Roll.No.1032070036 IIEM-Sec„c‟


The successful completion of this project was a unique experience for me because by visiting many place and interacting various person, I achieved a better knowledge about sales. The experience which I gained by doing this project was essential at this

turning point of my career this project is being submitted which content detailed analysis of the research under taken by me.

The research provides an opportunity to the student to devote his/her skills knowledge and competencies required during the technical session.

The research is on the topic “STUDY ON THE COLD DRINK MARKET IN VARANASI

Acknowledgement It was a great opportunity for me to work with Sify technology Ltd. all those who have kept our spirits surging and helped delivering our best. . Rajeev Bhandari who helped us out at every critical situation that we faced in our project and gave me his valuable advice to solve the problems. I am extremely grateful to all those who have shared their expertise and knowledge with me and without whom the completion of this project would have been virtually impossible. pioneers in the field of broad band Industry. I am indebted to all staff of Sify Ltd for their valuable support and cooperation during the entire tenure of this project. Firstly. I thank our faculty guide Mr. Not to forget.. I would like to thank our Company Guide Mr. He gave us invaluable inputs during our endeavor to complete this project. ARVIND KUMAR RAI who has been a constant source of inspiration for us during the completion of this project.

SUMMER TRAINING COMPLETION CERTIFICATE TO WHOMSOEVER IT MAY CONCERN This is to certify that Mr. Yashwant Kumar Tiwari has successfully completed his summer training of eight weeks from“20th JULY 11 to 4st AUGUST 11” under my guidance. He has submitted a copy of his project report entitled “STUDY ON THE COLD DRINK MARKET IN VARANASI REGION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PEPSI” and has given a presentation on the report. Name of Executive supervising summer trainer:- Signature:- .

6.no Page No. 2. 12. 10. 9.CONTENT S. 8. 7. Details of Document 1. 11. 5. 12. Introduction of PEPSI Company Profiles Objective Need of the study Research Methodology Data analysis and Interpretation Finding Limitations Suggestions Conclusion Bibliography Annexure 8-15 16-55 60-62 63-65 66-76 77-86 87-88 89-90 91-92 93-94 95 96-97 . 4.



INTRODUCTION In this chapter various accepts of study are going to be discussed. TATA and VOLTAS. But recently in 1990 it re-entered the Indian market. . PEPSI Bottlers and Producers of soft drinks buy concentrate and sell at fixed price and add a margin rationally for its products. PEPSI was in India from 1956-61 and left the country. To which area of management that study belongs to and various concepts that are related the area of study. The present outcomes under marketing and deals in the specific with the distribution network and its management. as its products were not acceptable by the Indian customers. where by PEPSI FOODS LIMITED was entered into a joint venture with PEPSI INTERNATIONAL.

Company overview .

In India it is Pepsi. The soft drinks market till early 1990‟s was in hands of domestic players like Coke. lemon and oranges are carbonated drinks while mango dinks comes under noncarbonated category. by then central government) in 1993. Cock is the leader in carbonated drinks market.2 INDUSTRY PROFILE Non alcoholic soft drink beverage market can be divided into fruit drink and soft drink. market share of the company and many other factors would be discussed here. Pepsi has been targeting the youth and the sales have been doing well by sticking to this youth segment. The total industry profiles the soft drinks industry globally and in our country. Soft drinks can be further divided into carbonated and non carbonated drinks. Cock re-entered (after they were thrown out in 1977. Worldwide. Cola. Thumps Up. but with the opening up of economy and coming of MNC players Pepsi and Cock the market has totally under their control. which scores over cock but this difference is fast decreasing. Colas. 2. lemon and oranges are carbonated drinks while mango drinks come under non-carbonated drinks. Cock on the other hand struggled initially in establishing itself in the . Pepsi entered Indian market in 1991. The profile of the company with respect to its operation number of franchises. an over of all the major accepts related to the study is discussed.INTRODUCTION In this chapter. Limca etc.

Thumps Up. cam be divide into 4 categories based on the type of flavour available. Diet Pepsi etc. The segmentation on the basis of place of consumption divides the market into three parts: 1. Soft drinks are available in glass bottles. on-permise-80% of the consumption of soft drinks is on premise i. Fountains also dispense thin in disposable containers.market. At-home the rest 20% of the market compromise of the soft drink purchased for consumption at home. aluminum cans and PET bottles for home consumption. non-cola segment.e. The brands that fall in this category are Pepsi. cinemas etc. cola. SEGMENTATION: The soft drink market can be segmented on the basis of place of consumption and on the basis of type of products. restaurants. namely  Orange  Cloudy lime  Clear lime  Mango . 2. 1. cola products account nearly 62% of the total soft drinks market. 2. which constitutes 36%. The market can also be segmented on the basis of types of products into Cola products and non-cola products. railway stations. In a span of 7 years of its operations in the country it changed its CEO four times they seem to have started understanding the pulse of Indian consumers.

Clear Lime this segment of the market witnessed good growth initially with all. rest of the market is in hands of smaller brands like Crush (earlier Cadbury Schweppes and now of Coca Cola). and Mirinda Orange of Pepsi Co. IV. Sprite of Coca-Cola and Canada Dry( earlier of Cadbury Schweppes and now of Coca Cola). Cloudy Lime flavour constitutes 14% of the market and is largely dominated by Limca of Coca Cola and Miranda Lemon of Pepsi Co. . Gold Spot etc. The brands available in this segment are 7 Up . Most of these are either merging with two big players (Coca Cola and Pepsi) or they command a very small –less than 3% of the total market in their respective areas. But now the growth in the segment has slowed down.Mango flavour segment constitutes 2% of the total soft drinks market and it directly competes with mango based fruit drinks like Fruity. Mountain dew of Pepsi. There is very thin line of difference between the clear and cloudy lime. The most obvious feature is that clear lime has to be bottled in green bottles as sunlight harms the drink and changes the taste. There are some small local brands at city or regional levels. The leading brands in this segment are: Maaza of Coca Cola and Slice of Pepsi. The segment constitutes 3% of the total soft drinks market. II. the players launching their brands in the segment. Orange flavour based soft drinks constitutes around 17% of the market. The segment is largely dominated by national brands like Fanta of Coca-cola Co.I. III.

. Growth Promotional Activities in Soft Drink Industry: The government has adopted liberalized for the soft drinks trade to give the industry a boost and promote the Indian brand internationally. This accounts for a large part of the sales. etc.Soft Drink Production Area: The market preference is highly regional based.P. Orange flavoured drinks are popular in southern states. Sodas too are sold largely in southern states besides the Bars.  Brand awareness plays a crucial rule in purchase decisions. Buying Behavior in Soft Drink Industry:  Soft drinks come under the category of products on impulse. good quality and low cost.. while Cola drinks have main market in metro cities and northern states of U. Although the import and manufacture of international brands like Pepsi and Cock is enhanced in India the local brands being stabilized by advertisements. Western markets have preference towards mango-flavoured drinks. Punjab.  Consumers purchase soft drinks primarily quench thirst therefore people traveling and not having access to hygienic water reach out for soft drink. This attitude of impulse buying is slowly changing to occasion-led buying and also to some extent consumption through home refrigeration particularly in urban areas.  The market is slowly moving from non alcoholic carbonated drinks to fruit based drinks and also to plain bottled water due to lower price and ready availability.. Haryana.

Growth promotional activities in soft drink industry: The government has adopted liberalization for the soft drink trade to give industry a boost and promote the Indian Brand internationally. as all the products taste the same. lower-middle. .The local brands are being stabilized by advertisements. Buying Behavior of soft drink industry:  Soft drinks come under the category of products on impulse. Availability in the chilled from also plays a crucial role in purchase decisions. lower. But brand loyalty is high in the case of kids and people in the age group of 20-30 years. the main consumer of this market are people in the age group of 30 and below. This has made both the companies to push its sales and to increase its retail distribution by offering Visi cooler to retailers. This attitude of impulse buying is slowly changing to occasion-led buying and also to some extent consumption through home refrigeration particularly in urban areas.  Product differentiation is very low. Although the import and manufacture of international brands like Pepsi and Coke is enhanced in India . good quality and low cost. upper-middle class people do 91% of the total consumption of soft drinks in the country.  Why there is no aversion to consumption of soft drinks buys any age group.  According to NCAER survey.

This has made both the companies to push its sales and to increase its retail distribution by offering Visi coolers to retailers  Why is there no aversion to consumption of soft drinks to any age group. But brand loyalty is high in the case of kids and people in the age group of 20-30 years  According to NCAER survey.  Product differentiation is very low. Coca Coal. lower-middle ands upper-middle class people do 91% of the total consumption of soft drinks in the country. Limca. reentered India 16 years later in 1993. Coca Cola acquired a major chunk of soft drink market by buying out local brands Thumps up.   Brand awareness plays a vital role in purchase decisions. Availability in the chilled form also plays a crucial role in purchase decisions. which would up its operations during the introduction of the FERA regime. The market is slowly moving from alcoholic carbonated drinks to fruit based drinks and also plain bottled water due to lower price and ready availability. the main consumers of this market are people in the age group of 30 and below. Coca Cola has also acquired Cadbury Schweppes soft drink brands Crush. lower. Major Players in Soft drinks Industries The two global majors Pepsi and Coca Cola dominate the soft drink market in India. as all the products taste the same. Maaza and Gold spot from Pearl beverages.  Consumers purchase soft drinks particularly to quench thirst and therefore on travel not having access to hygienic water reaches out for soft drinks. Canada Dry and .

While distributors get the margin of Rs 8-9 per crate (1 crate is equal to 24 bottles) at 3-4% of MRP.Sport Cola in early 1999 and now recently in Oct. Coca Cola. They usually sell the product in which they get maximum benefit. But as for the loyalty for the brands in each segment is concerned. The retailers are not happy with this. retailers are given margin of 10-12 % of MRP. Orange or Lemon.It acquires distribution rights of these brands from IFB Agro Ltd .2008 . the companies try to offer them higher margins. it drives sales. future trend and the consumer behavior patterns.  As consumers are not very brand loyal where the purchase of the soft drink purchase is concerned. The findings of the survey are as follows. it is not very significant. Shares Reports On Retailers In Soft Dink Industry: A Survey was conducted to study the retailer‟s view of the present market. For this. as the cost of refrigeration very high for soft drinks to overcome this problem the companies are offering Visi coolers schemes to their main retailers .  43% of the retailers surveyed told that in the soft drink industry advertising is the key component.  Retailers started that the consumers are loyal to the particular segment of the soft drink i. While 32% stated promotional schemes and 20%brand loyalty as the reason.e. Pepsi stated a couple of years before Coca Cola manufactures came up with their own market share figures and claimed to have increased their share. the retailer purchase becomes a critical issue.


Pepsi Company‟s over all missions is to increase the value of their share holder‟s investment. they believe that their commercial success depends up on offering quality and value to their consumers and providing products that are safe, whole some and economically efficient and environmentally sound. Providing a fair return to their investors, while adhering to the highest standards of integrity.


Pepsi Co Inc. was founded by Donald M. Kendall, President and chief executive officer of Pepsi –Cola and Herman W. Lay, Chairman& Chief executive of FRITO-LAY through the merger of two companies in the year 1965.


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Pepsi-Cola company Pepsi-Cola(formulate in 1898) Diet Pepsi(1964) Mountain Dew (introduced by T.P corporation 1984) Frito-Lay Inc brand chips Lays brand potato chips

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Cheetos brand chew flavoured snacks Ruffles brand potato chips & Rold Gold brand pretzels Pepsi Company Inc. is among the most successful consumer products company in the world with: 1998 revenues of over $22 billion &1, 51,000 employees. Pepsi company‟s brand names are among the best known & most respected in the world .Some of the Pepsi Company‟s brand names are 100 years old. FRITO-LAY Company is the world‟s largest manufacturer and distributor of snack chip and Tropicana products Inc. is the world‟s largest marketer and producer of branded juices. Pepsi Company‟s success is the result of     Superior Products. High Stands of Performances Distinctive Competitive strategies. High integrity of its work force


Calets Bradham, New Beru and Mc.Druggist who first formulated Pepsi coal founded Pepsi Company‟s beverage business at the turn of the century. Brand Pepsi and other Pepsi-cola products including Diet Pepsi one, Mountain Dew, Slice and mug brands account for nearly 1/3 rd of the total soft drink in United States.

Outside U.S Pepsi Cola Company‟s soft operations include the business of 7up international. Pepsi-cola beverages are available in about 170 countries. Key Pepsi-cola international market includes Argentina, Brazil, china, India, Mexico, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Thailand, and the United Kingdom. Pepsi-cola provides advertising, marketing sales and promotion support to the Pepsicola bottles. New advertising and existing promotions keep Pepsi-cola young. The company manufacture and sales of the soft drinks are concentrated to the Pepsi-cola bottles.   In 1996, Pepsi entered Japan and Eastern Europe. In 1967, PepsiCo. Stock splits two-for one.

In 1986, North America van lines (NAVL), a premier transportation company Pepsi co, and renamed a strong contribution to the Pepsi unit it has divided in 1984.

In 1969 in bold modern Pepsi cola packing which was using red, white and blue were introduced. FRITO-LAY introduced fungus brand onion flavoured snacks. In 1970 Pepsi introduces the industry‟s first two litter bottles. Pepsi is the first company to respond to consumer preference with light weight, recyclable, plastic bottles. In 1971 Andral E. Pearson was appointed as president of PepsiCo, a position he held until his retirement in 1984.in 1972 don Kendall announced agreement making Pepsi cola the first foreign product sold in U.S.S.R. Pepsi co is given exclusive rights to import Stolichnaya Russian vodka in the U.S. In 1973 and 1974 Pepsi-cola became the first American consumer product to produce made and sold in former Soviet Union.

making PepsiCo. 1986 Pepsi company board of directors visit the peoples public of china to make the opening the Pepsi second plant in china. Pepsi-cola became the single largest selling soft drink brands sold in U.S super markets. In 1989. Pepsi signs the largest commercial trade agreement in history with the Soviet Union expecting sales in the . slice and diet slice. In 1982 Pepsi free and diet Pepsi free. In 1976 PepsiCo adopts code of worldwide business conduct.Y PepsiCo reached 85 billion marks in sales. Pepsi company was recognized as one of the most admired corporation by the fortune magazine‟s top 10 for the two successive years. In 1977 PepsiCo shares spilt up three for one. with destructive lemon taste. The cola were takes “one giant spilt for mankind” when a Pepsi “space can” is successfully tested a brand the span shuttle.In 1975 Pepsi Lite. In 1984 diet Pepsi is reformulated with 100% neutral sweet. In 1987 and 1979 the opening of PepsiCo research and technological center in Vallah N. In the 1900. is introduced as an alternative to traditional diet colas. one of the most advanced companies in the area of employee‟s health and fitness. Pepsi Company introduce share power stock option program for all employees becoming the first large corporation tool award stock options through virtually all full time employees. Inauguration of the first Pepsi cola operations in china: In 1983 The Bottler Hall of Fame was established to recognize the achievement and dedication of international bottlers. the first major brands caffeine free colas were introduced. The first major soft drinks sirucsare added in Mexico. In 1981 PepsiCo fitness center was completed. Pepsi was formed to focus on the overseas development of restaurants.

Each business is also committed to responsible use of resources required in manufacturing their products. purchased an equity position in the carts of Coloreds Inc. Their biggest environment challenge is packaging generated by their products.com SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF PEPSICOLA COMPANY: As a consumer products company. re-use and reduce packaging wherever possible. It was sold in 1955. Pepsi Company does not have the major environmental problems of heavy industry. for the third year in also. To meet both consumer demand and safe guard the environment. . Pepsi co.Pepsi. In 1991 Pepsi company named one of the fortune magazine‟s top most admired corporations. Packaging is important to public and a critical component of the distribution system is to deliver products to consumers and commercial establishment. Pepsi re-entered the Indian market in collaboration with Punjab Agro industries Corporation (PAIC). 1993 Pepsi Cola began the distribution of Lipton‟s line of ready to drinks teas nationwide. in 1996 Pepsi started its website WWW.USSR to double by the end of the century. they recycle. the leading manufacturer and marketer of mobile merchandising equipment.


K. in 1992.) Often new flavours are to be added to the product line of cool drinks to prevent a competitor...Dowell‟s soda and Bagpiper soda. It produced these drinks under franchise agreements but company could not exist in the market due to stiff competition from pearl products.Last year it was changed to Pearl Beverages was taken by the Pearl Group. KMBC purchased the premises in1990 in the auction by APSFC. C. Initially. Pepsi has given the franchise of Visakhapatnam region to Pearl Beverages which belongs to Pearl Group with Head quarters at Delhi and Mr. Campa-cola Soft Drinks has originally owned the premises since 1980 at Madhurawada. To establish a relation with retailers it is desirable to sell more than one flavor of cool drinks.Ltd.ABOUT PEPSI INDIA COMPANY Franchise (pearl Bottling Pvt. To decrease the security seasonal products are added to the resources available so as to lessen its risks. After the insolvency of campa-cola. Jaipuria as the chairman and the Managing Director of the group. Pepsi Foods Ltd. declared Krishna Mohan Beverages and Constructions as franchise. it used to produce Mc. Description and Launch of products Brand name Pepsi Flavour Cola Date April-1992 .

Pepsi cola was in India from 1956 to 1961. it left this country. Pepsi foods Ltd. international of US(which is holding 40% of the equity)and Tata concerns Voltas and the Punjab Ago industries Corporation (each of which have as round 25% of the equity). as its products were not found acceptable to the Indian market. Joint venture between Pepsi Co.Mirinda 7 Up Mirinda Lime Soda Orange Clear Lemon Cloudy Lemon Soda April-1992 April-1992 April-1992 April-1992 Pepsi Pepsi Dite 7 Up Mirinda(o) Mirinda(L) Slice Evervess soda Coca-cola Cock Dite Sprite Fanta Limca Maaza Kinleys Pepsi market share: Pepsi : 47% Coca-cola : 53% Pepsi foods (Pvt.has 25%of its output reserved for beverages with a 50% export commitment fo9r fruit and .) Ltd.

is known for the development and introduction of world-class brands & products. Two thirds of this however has gone into food processing. The company‟s technical inputs enabled the farmer to achieve a yield of 35 to 50 tones a hector against the average of was after discontinuing teems.200 hectors under tomato cultivation covering 183 villages and 319 farmers. It receives the stock from Cuttack. According to Pepsi officials the project guarantees that for every American dollar the company takes out of India. Ltd. it will bring five back. The Pepsi‟s foods processing unit directly supervised 1. Beverages and Restaurants. Their portfolio is organized into three core business. KMBC Pvt. which consists of snacks. . Srikakulam. international‟s direct investments in India so far amounts to Rs. Has was the bottle for five districts Vizag. Vizianagaram. PRODUCT PROFILE The Pepsi Co. They started concentrated factory in Punjab. They encourage consumer to explore their wide range of brands.vegetable products. and East Godavari & West Godavari. Pepsi Co. Pepsi products are constantly changing themselves to develop new products. This company named as Pepsi Foods Ltd. Pepsi foods are exporting fruits and vegetables to UK etc.165 corer.

However. which are arranged in the plant according to the sequence of operation. canteen expenses and transportation expenses etc Plant layout: the machine and equipment have been imported from Germany. salaries. any company has to invest its capital in fixed assets and floating assets and also in meeting the daily requirements of the company. The reasons for choosing the product layout are: .  To sell soft drinks at fixed prices. the ratio of investment of capital in fixed and floating assets differ. All the operations are carried on a continuous movement.Main objectives: The objectives of the company set out in memorandum of association and franchise agreements are as follows:  To manufacturing soft drinks by concentrating supplied by Pepsi Foods.  To market and advertise within specified areas for Pepsi products. Wages. depending on the nature of business and product being offered by the company. Working Capital: It means capital required for daily management of the company eg. financial structure: To start and operate business.

 The inventory position filled bottles of different flavors. The brands are all standardized products. The total floor space required by the machine is less than other types of plant layouts. Since the company follows continuous operation movement. There is continuous supply of material. Production Schedule: The production schedule is fixed by taking into consideration. 4. the cost of material handling goes low.  The present or current market demand.1. 2. The company has to produce enough bottles of soft drinks at a speed to keep in space with the disappearance of soft drinks form shelves of the retailer. The demand for the product brands is reasonable stable. 3.000 bottles per day. The installed production capacity is 400 bottles per minutes i. During off-season the plant runs one shift. Plant Capacity: The company installed latest up to date automatic plant conforming to plant layout. 24. The plant also is having 100 bottles per 1-leter line. .  The availability of empty bottles. The volume of production is adequate for the reasonable utilization of equipment.e.

filling the bottles of each branded flavors. Samples are checked every ten minutes of production time by the chemist for its quality and hygiene condition.The production schedule for each brand is fixed daily. At the end of the production schedule. The chemical analysis is also made for flavors. gas content and sugar percentages. Moreover. The appearance. daily all the equipment floor and wet patches are cleaned with bleaching powder or some other solution. as the bottles move out. agency of the company also lifts sample form the market at the random for quality checkup at any time to make sure that the quality is maintained to the exact standard of the parent company. takes great care to maintain the quality control of the products in their factory. the production is suspended and the correcting measures are taken so as to set right the bottling process irregularities. This has an advantage in manufacturing the branded product is one at a time. Ltd. The standards of hygiene maintained inside the production shops are commendable. smell and taste of the products are also checked. The Bottles are visually examined for impurities continuously. . Quality control Pearl Beverages Pvt. Further. If any defects are noticed. samples from each batch are dispatched to the affiliated parent agency company in each week for quality checkup.

Needs both for stability on one hand and change on the other hand. The M.  Size of the work unit.  Specialization of activities.  Coordination of activities. . an organization structure means adopting a change or it can be a source of resistance to change. and is assisted by a team of well-qualified & experience senior management personnel. The meaning signifies an institution or function as group and the second meaning refers to the process of organizing the way of work which is arranged and allocated among members often organization so that the goal of the organization can be achieved efficiently. The organizing involves balancing the companies. Mr. Ruchirans Jaipuria is athe head of the organization and administration.  Centralization and decentralization of deviation making.  Standardization of activities. There are mainly five elements of organization structure. The company is managed by able director.D.Organization Structure and management: The word organization has two common meanings.




OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY In view of intensifying competition in soft drink market. it is imperative that a brand keeps a constant.  To know the problems of retailers and to offer the suggestion for improving in sales.  To measure the satisfaction level of consumer in the market  To analyze the market demand of pepsi in varanasi  To gather knowledge regarding scheme adopted by various soft drink  To know the problems of retailers regarding the trade schemes and consumer offers. It is in view of this fact has the present study has been taken up for “PEPSI”.  To identify the retailers opinion towards Pepsi products. which on them market and response properly and promptly to the dynamics of the market. .


Secondly the behavior of the retailer is very much influenced by the additional benefits he is getting for selling the products having. technological. visage is a representative of soft drink market which is highly promoting with a lot of potential which is at to be tapped. Considered the key role of the retailer in present day market as an attempt was made to study the impact of company‟s schemes of offering coolers to the retailers. Study is conducted considering the following accepts: Firstly. Thirdly to understand the market condition of the soft drinks in the present scenario and the competition level in the market.NEED OF THE STUDY In modern days. economic and social changes being faced by the today companies. market plays a vital role in rapidly changing industrial scenario. The order to known the changes in the field of marketing it are necessary to conduct market survey. The marketing decline is under going reappraisal in the light of vast goals. .

 A study on impact of visit coolers sales of Pepsi also be taken up.  There is chance to know whether the Pepsi and Cock are doing the right thing regarding the sales promotion.  The same study can be conducted in other areas under bottling unit to generalize the finding for entire area under it. Further study can be done in the following ways.SCOPE OF THE STUDY There is lot of scope for the further study in the project. product quality.  We can make a study on Pepsi and Cock companies‟ efficiency in their promotion activities. discounts and advertising. .


 Observe the patterns of the scripts. .RESEARCH METHODOLOGY INTRODUCTION Research Methodology refers to search of knowledge . The word research methodology comes from the word “advance learner „s as a careful investigation or inquiry especially through for example some author have to gain new knowledge. dictionary meaning of research research for new facts in my branch of knowledge define research methodology as systematized effort Methodology of the project starts with –  In the first phase we are trained and they teach us different things about market.one can also define research methodology as a scientific and systematic search for required information on a specific topic.  They provide leads and after that we make calls.  Get the knowledge of technical as well as fundamental methods.  Maintaining dairy of clients and contacting them at regular basis.  After that they conduct a mock viva.  Then after that we have to provide details of product and convince them.  Then we have to visit them and get the formed filled from them. in this they ask about the real life problem faced by the customers.

data collection method and selection of subjects. The most usual reason for using this approach is that you have no other choice. focus groups. it cannot tell us "how often" or "how many. Research is exploratory when you use no earlier model as a basis of your study. exploratory research often concludes that a perceived problem does not actually exist. You then have to begin with a rather vague impression of what you should study.Exploratory Research: Exploratory research is a type of research conducted because a problem has not been clearly defined. projective methods. or all available models come from wrong contexts. or qualitative approaches such as informal discussions with consumers. Exploratory research helps determine the best research design. but there perhaps is none. The results of exploratory research are not usually useful for decision making by them. management or competitors. and it is also impossible to make a detailed work plan in advance. case studies or pilot studies. Normally you would like to take an earlier theory as a support. and more formal approaches through in-depth interviews. Exploratory research means that hardly anything is known about the matter at the outset of the project. "how" and "when" something occurs." Exploratory research is not typically generalizable to the population at large. but they can provide significant insight into a given situation. . Exploratory research often relies on secondary research such as reviewing available literature and/or data. Although indication as to the results of qualitative research can give some the "why". Given its fundamental nature. employees.

in qualitative analysis of empirical findings. This model can be. Details differing from one individual to another at random are omitted or pushed aside so that the general lines of the data can be discerned more easily.In any case the analysis starts from separate cases and aspires to create one or a few general models. and focuses on those structures (invariance‟s) that are common to all or most of the cases. causality. . generalization means arranging the material so that it disengages from single persons. Some tools for this work are comparison and classification. development or evolution. into concepts. for example. It will seldom be possible to divide exploratory study into such clear phases as is common in the case that the object has been studied earlier. According to Alasuutari (1993 p. occurrences etc. Simplification continues by finding the relationships between separate observations or cases. Abstraction means that you translate the empirical observations. the material is inspected from the theoretical point of view of the study project.Analysis in exploratory research is essentially abstraction and generalization. you can distinguish two phases but these two overlap: · Simplification of observations · Interpretation of results (or "solving the enigma") In the simplification phase. and only the points relevant from this angle are noted. measurements etc. -. or a conscious action to attain an outcome which is typical in normative research.22). The goal is to find the general rule or model that is valid in all or most of the observations.

Usually you first have to formulate a tentative pattern for the assumed structure in the observations and then you can ask the computer to estimate how well the data corresponds to the model. It is often said that "data teach the researcher". it becomes necessary to collect data that is appropriate. time and other resources at the disposal of the researcher. The purpose of descriptive exploratory research is to extract a structure from the source material which in the best case can be formed as a rule that governs all the observations and is not known earlier (per the definition of exploratory study). because even the most sophisticated computerized analysis methods cannot automatically uncover which type of structure is concealed in data."Solving the enigma" does not always mean answering exactly those questions that were asked at the outset of the project. Sometimes the most interesting questions are found at the end of the research. Finding the unknown structure may need some creative innovation. Tools for Analysis. . when the researcher has become an expert on the subject. and hence. Primary data collection: In dealing with real life problem it is often found that data at hand are inadequate. cf. There are several ways of collecting the appropriate data which differ considerably in context of money costs. METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION In the project work Primary data secondary data (both) sources of data has been used .1.

Through Tele-Calling:-Information was also taken through telephone calls. 2. these two terms have different meanings. The first type is a primary source which is the initial material that is collected during the research process. large surveys. magazine. A primary source is a book or set of archival records.The data collection for this study was done in the following manner: Through personal interviews:-A rigid procedure was followed and we were seeking answers to many pre-conceived questions through personal interviews. In sociology primary data is data you have collected yourself and secondary data is data you have gathered from primary sources to create new research. Primary data is a reliable way to collect data because the researcher will know where it came from and how it was collected and analyzed . journals)In research.Primary data can be collected either through experiment or through survey. interviews. direct observations. secondary data is data collected and possibly processed by people other than the researcher in question. as well as logs (objective data sources). books. In terms of historical research. Primary data is the data that the researcher is collecting themselves using methods such as surveys. (Internet.Information to find out the investment potential and goal was found out through questionnaires. A secondary source is a summary of a book or set of records. Secondary sources of data: In the secondary sources of data is used. Through questionnaire: . Common sources of secondary data for social science include censuses. Secondary data analysis: There are two different types of sources that need to be established in order to conduct a good analysis. and organizational records.

and combining the information from the primary source with additional information. Data from experimental studies may also be used. Secondary sources take the role of analyzing. memoirs. Sources of secondary data: Sources of secondary data may be classified into qualitative and quantitative. market research. thousands of large scale datasets are at the click of a mouse for secondary data analyst. to data collected by any social researcher. Common sources of secondary data are social science surveys and data from government agencies. Examples of qualitative sources are biographies. Today. The data collected is most often collected via survey research methods. newspapers. etc. It is simply the analysis of preexisting data in a different way or to answer a different question than originally intended. the Bureau of Labor Statistics and various other agencies. census. Secondary data analysis utilizes the data that was collected by someone else in order to further a study that you are interested in completing. Social scientists have the opportunity to explore massive amounts of secondary data. Globally. survey).g. explaining.. with the aid of our internet capabilities. Quantitative sources include published statistics (e.since they did it themselves. including the Bureau of the Census. Secondary sources on the other hand are sources that are based upon the data that was collected from the primary source. These sources can arrive from the data arranged by governmental and private organizations. data archives. etc. . Secondary data analysis is commonly known as second-hand analysis. there are many sources available. Secondary data analysis is a growing research tool in our modern day society.

In terms of the final to create an outline of what product will look like consisting of all the types of data to be used along with a list of sources that were used to compile the research. To evaluate the data a researcher must carefully examine the secondary data they are considering to ensure that it meets their needs and purpose of study. use caution and pay attention to whether it is a reliable data source online and check when the last update was. Verify the data Locating the data can be easily done with the advancements of searching sources online. An important thing to remember when defining your plan is to ensure that you have established what kind of data you plan on using for your research and the exact goal. However. Locate the data 2. The person must look at the population and what the sample strategy and . Evaluate the data 3. Establishing what type of research design using secondary data for research it helps is an important component. people need to be aware of the details when searching online since pages can be out of date or poorly put together.Collecting. and analyzing secondary data:The Design and Purpose of Research Secondary data analysis consists of collecting data that was compiled through research by another person and using that data to get a better understanding of a concept. reviewing. A good way to begin your research using secondary data that you are collecting to further support your concept is to clearly define the goals of your research and the design that you anticipate using. In order to use secondary data three steps must be completed: 1. Therefore.

. Determining the Types of Data and Information Needed to Conduct Analysis Data and information collection for secondary data analysis will depend entirely upon the subject that is central to the focal point of the study. and finally find out the: date of the publication. the Census). The purpose of conducting secondary data analysis is to further develop an improved understanding of the subject matter at hand. this advantage is not without difficulty as the individual must be able to judge the quality of the data or information that has been gathered. Some important types of data and information that should be collected and summarized include demographic information. the intended audience. how it was coded and edited. It is also important to look at when the data was collected. the data must be verified to ensure good quality material to be used in new research. consider if the document is a primary or secondary source. Determine the Quality of Sources of Data In secondary data analysis. However.type were. Finally.e. and social science surveys. along with the operational definitions of measures that were used. most individuals who do not have much experience in research training or technical expertise can be trained accordingly. attempt to discover the credentials of the source(s) or author(s) of the information. how it was collected. There is also the possibility of reanalyzing data that was collected in experimental studies or data collected with qualitative measures that can be applied in secondary data analysis. These key tips will assist you in assessing the quality of the data: Determine the original purpose of the data collection. and coverage of the report or document. verify that the source well-referenced. information gathered by government agencies (i. The most important component is to ensure that the information and data being collected needs to relate to the subject of study.

provides exposure to technical skills. which would be a simulation of real work environment. requires you to undergo the rigor of professional environment. deadlines. During OJT we are required to undertake assignment\jobs along with the day-to-day function of the company. of an origination. and pressure etc. This will help to gain a deeper understanding of the work. It is an attempt to bridge the gap between the academic institution and the corporate world. it provides an opportunity for us to satisfy our inquisitiveness about corporate.The data which was collected from a sample of population was assumed to be representing entire population was interested .Demographic factor like age. both in form and in substance. income and educational background was used for the classification purpose . It help in marketing more accurate generalization From the data available . both at the assistance and execution level. During OJT. STRATEGY – . On The Job Training On the job training is an important component of our training. and helps us to acquire social skills by being in constant interaction with the professionals of other organizations. culture.RESEARCH DESIGN For the proper analysis of data simple quantitative technique such as percentage were used. In the process.

3. The required information is derived from that interpretation and analysis. This analysis part contains tables and pie charts. They are given below: CLUSTER Cluster-1 SAMPLE SIZE 130 AREA Srikakulam . I did survey in 300 outlets in 3 various areas.· Tele-calling · Personal appointments · Making arrangements for the requirements The main part of the report i. Analysis part is covered in this chapter. Because of that reason this chapter is very important in the entire study of the project. Without this interpretation we can conclude the total survey and also can not understand the position of any company and the opinion of the customers regarding the company. We can come to a conclusion from the final information from this chapter.e. After conducting the survey I interpreted the total collected information using a structured questionnaire.2 DETAILS OF THE AREA SURVEY CONDUCTED Details of the survey conducted: The total data collected in three areas in Srikakulam district of total of 300 retail outlets.

I personally went to every outlet and asked the total details of which are in the questionnaire and filled those things.Cluster-2 Cluster-3 90 80 Amadalavalasa Narasannapeta I started my survey first at Srikakulam on 4/02/09 and my study completed on 18/02/09 with Amadalavalasa. Some of the retailers denied giving the details and I waited there with patience and collected all the data. In my survey I learned a lot and collected the useful information and also got good experience in the market field and came to know many things which are not in our books through this survey. I almost covered all the retail outlets which are situated in these areas and collected the correct information. .


.66% with Coco Cola & 63.16.66% 63.1) What are the product in which you deal ? Option Pepsi Coca Cola Both 20% 16.34% in both of products.34% Percentage 6 5 19 No . of respondent Percentage 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Pepsi Coca Cola Both Percentage Interpretation: The study shows that Retailer deal in 20% with Pepsi .

20% Sprite & 10% of Mountain Dew.34% Coco Cola.66% 33.00% 20. 33.00% Interpretation: The study shows that According to Retailer the consumer choose 36. of respondent Percentage Mountain dew Sprite Percentage Coca Cola Pepsi 0.00% 10.66% Pepsi.00% 40.2) What is the consumer’s 1st choice? Option Pepsi Coca Cola Sprite Mountain dew 36.00% 30.34% 20% 10% Percentage 11 10 6 3 No . .

34% are satisfied & 13. of respondent Percentage Extremely Satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Interpretation: The study shows that 33.33% 10 16 4 No .33% of Retailer are not satisfied with Pepsi.53.34% 53. .34% of Retailer extremely satisfied.34% 13.3) How much you are satisfied with Pepsi/its brand? Option Extremely Satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Percentage 33.

00% 60.33% moderate & 20% low in Varanasi Region.00% 0. .33% 20% Percentage 20 4 6 No .00% High Moderate Low Percentage Interpretation: The study shows that According to Retailer the demand of Pepsi is 66.4) What is the demand of Pepsi in market of Varanasi ? Option High Moderate Low 66.13.00% 40.00% 10.00% 30.00% 50.66% 13.00% 20.66% high . of respondent Percentage 70.

5) Are you satisfied with the trade scheme of Pepsi ? Option Yes No 70% 30% Percentage 21 9 No . of respondent Percentage Yes No Interpretation: The study shows that 70% of Retailer says Yes & 30% says No in the case of satisfaction with scheme & offer provide by the company. .

66% 26.66% Retailer sometime face problem with Pepsi soft drinks.66% Percentage 5 8 17 No . of respondent Percentage Yes No Sometimes Interpretation: The study shows that 16.66% have no problem & 56.66% 56.6) Do you face any problem with Pepsi soft drink? Option Yes No Sometimes 16. .66% of Retailer face problem. 26.

13.66% of 7up. 16.33% 30% Percentage 12 5 4 9 No . . of respondent Percentage 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Pepsi 7up Mirinda Slice Percentage Interpretation: The study shows that Most of the Retailer sale 40% of Pepsi.7) Sale of which product line of Pepsi Co is high? Option Pepsi 7up Mirinda Slice 40% 16.66% 13.33% of Mirinda & 30% of slice.

of respondent Percentage Scheme & Offer’s On time delivery Percentage Profit Price 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Interpretation: The study shows that 20% of Retailer are influenced by price.33% 36. .30% by profit.8) What are the factors that influence you in selling Pepsi ? Option Price Profit On time delivery Scheme & Offer’s 20% 30% 13.67% Percentage 6 9 4 11 No .33% by on time delivery & rest with Scheme & offer‟s. 13.

of respondent Percentage Cane Family Pack 1 liter 200 ml Interpretation: The study shows that according to Retailer 16. 33. .33% preferred family pack 23.66% of consumer prefered cane .33% preferred 1 liter & 26.33% 26.33% 23.66% 33.66% preferred 200 ml .9) According to you which size of Pepsi preferred by consumer’s? Option Cane Family Pack 1 liter 200 ml 16.66% Percentage 5 10 7 8 No .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- FINDINGS The finding of the study are: 1) Large number of retailer deal in both the product i. .e pepsi & coca cola.10) Would you like to give suggestion to Pepsi for improvement ? Ans.


The results may not suit for all the seasons  Personal basis may be existing as the dealer of varied nature elicits the information .LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY The present study is subject to the following limitations:  The sample size is not universal . some part of other cities remained uncovered  Unavailability of some information due of lack of awareness of retailers  Time and expenses were major constraints  The study of the soft drink industry which is known to be seasonally fluctuating on e percent study does not take into account seasonal fluctuations.








: QUESTIONNAIRE RETAILER IDENTIFICATION Name of the retailer -------------------------------------- Address of the retailer -------------------------------------- Year of establishing the retailer --------------------------- 1) What are the product in which you deal ? .