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CoVer March 2011. v. cultural and social sustainability in architecture and landscape architecture. 03 /11 Canadian arChiteCt 5 . Palladio at Work exhibition at the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Mon treal. 31 rePort Tye S. 36 CaLendar Neighbourhood Maverick exhibition at Ar chitecture at York Quay Centre in To ron to. Jenny McMinn. phoTo by ed WhiTe. Samantha Lynch wins the Canada Council for the Arts Prix de Rome in Architecture for Emerging Practitioners. teXt sean ruThen 9 neWs Beautifully sculptural warming huts by various architects provide delight in wintry Winnipeg. one of several nodes along The neW canada line TransiT developMenT linking The MunicipaliTies of vancouver and richMond in briTish coluMbia. 33 BooKs Three exciting new publications evidence the advances being made in environmental. 38 BaCKPaGe Brendan Cormier suggests revisiting the original plan for Harbour City to revitalize the fading glory of Ontario Place. Farrow and Sharon VanderKaay discuss the vital importance of bringing healthy design to the suburbs.Contents Michael boland MarTin Tessler nic lehoux 16 Canada Line despiTe The harsh realiTies of value engineering. The aMbiTious neW canada line offers The ciTizens of vancouver and richMond a Much needed public TransiT sysTeM WiTh criTical linkages froM The airporT To various nodes ThroughouT The TWo ciTies. courTesy zeidler parTnership 27 teChniCaL A detailed examination of some strategies to achieve zero-energy consumption in buildings is undertaken by Mark Bessoudo.03 The NaTioNal Review of DesigN aND PRacTice/ The JouRNal of RecoRD of The Raic The WaTerfronT sTaTion by via archiTecTure inc.56 n.. Ian Theaker and Doug Webber.
but our Prime Minister’s goal of incarcerating more citizens is certainly benefiting several architectural firms who design correctional facilities—a building type that has suddenly emerged as a growth industry. MRAIC douGLas MaCLeod.viEwpoint LuCas oLenIuk/GetstoCk. OAA.CoM Web site www. the contents of this publication may not be reproduced either in part or in full without the consent of the copyright owner. According to Ed McIsaac. toronto. then why isn’t the government commissioning architects to design innovative. ny 14304. a leading Canadian information company with interests in daily and community newspapers and business-tobusiness information services. MarCo PoLo. Periodicals Postage Paid at niagara falls. of Glacier bIG holdings Company Ltd. Canadian architect. hoping to nearly double the number of jail cells in Canada over the next five years. FRAIC AssociAtEEditor LesLIe Jen. If you do not wish your contact information to be made available.CoM AbovE huMan warehousInG In aCtIon: Pre-fabrICated JaIL ModuLes shIPPed by raIL froM the us are readIed for the new MIMICo CorreCtIonaL Centre In toronto. niagara falls. suite 800. It seems that even Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) doesn’t believe that more prisons are beneficial to society.95 plus applicable taxes for one year. In early January. AADIpl. then why are we spending billions on more jail cells? Furthermore. noting that.CanadIanarChIteCt.” If the CSC recognizes that traditional prisons aren’t working. and improving programs that integrate crime prevention with individuals suffering from mental health disorders will help our society become safer. toronto. Postmaster: please forward forms 29b and 67b to 12 Concorde Place. the editors have made every reasonable effort to provide accurate and authoritative information. on Canada M3C 4J2 member of the canadian business press member of the audit bureau of circulations publications mail agreement #40069240 issn 1923-3353 (online) issn 0008-2872 (print) We acknoWledge the financial support of the government of canada through the canada periodical fund (cpf) for our publishing activities. if the CSC is looking at shifting away from “24-hour housing” (i. we will remain complicit in denying a segment of the population who are prone to criminal behaviour with a chance to become productive and accepted members of society.95 us per year. enhancing access to education and training for Aboriginals. please contact us via one of the following methods: telephone 1-800-668-2374 facsimile 416-442-2191 e-mail privacyofficer@businessinformationgroup. suite 800.500 new beds. Fiftyeight percent of Canadians prefer a government that places an emphasis on crime prevention while 36 percent want greater enforcement. an increase from the $4. OAA regina bernard fLaMan. and if building prisons seems to be a low priority for most Canadians. taxpayer dollars are simply being diverted away from community supervision and support programs that prevent crime more effectively and more cheaply than new prison construction. ny 143045709. AAA Winnipeg herbert enns.. us postmaster: send address changes to Canadian architect. all rights reserved. 3539 production JessICa Jubb grAphicdEsign sue wILLIaMson vicEprEsidEntofcAnAdiAnpublishing aLex PaPanou prEsidEntofbusinEssinforMAtiongroup bruCe CreIGhton hEAdofficE 12 ConCorde PLaCe. an organization devoted to criminal justice reform. usa: $103. This is in contrast to the Environics Institute’s Focus Canada 2010 report released last October which discovered that justice was the second6 cAnAdiAnArchitEct 03/11 last of 21 priorities for the average Canadian. $85. Director of Policy for the John Howard Society of Canada. Should architects accept Canada’s approach to prisonmaking. niagara falls. on Canada M3C 4J2.coM E ditor Ian ChodIkoff. on Canada M3C 4J2. At present. MRAIC herbert enns. Responding to RFPs for bleak and obsolete approaches to prisons will only stymie the advance of the justice system in Canada. the reduced importance of the correctional facility in the future will result from the realization that corrections should be a contributing and integral component of the community. Po box 1118. “there is no doubt that we are headed on a very expensive journey down a path that experience tells us will neither reduce our crime rate nor make us safer. . the federal government is eager to spend billions of dollars on introducing harsher sentencing programs and expanding our correctional facilities. business Information Group. toronto. several studies and reports appear to contradict the policies of our federal government such as one report which acknowledges “the shortcomings of incarceration and an appreciation of the benefits of community involvement to the eventual return of the offender to society. With such a fragile economy. toronto. On the CSC website. or $861 million by 2012-13. from time to time we make our subscription list available to select companies and organizations whose product or service may interest you.000 new jail cells will carry an increased operating budget of $5 billion a year by 2015-16.. 12 Concorde Place.ca mail Privacy officer. a div. subscription rates Canada: $53.” Despite many advocates and experts calling for discretionary sentencing and increased funding for effective crime-prevention programs. return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation dept. suIte 800. This is in addition to the previously announced $601 million to create 2. community-based facilities to rehabilitate certain types of offenders? Such buildings would surely reduce the need for warehousing humans. usPs #009-192. jail cells). includes taxes): $34. MRAIC EditoriAlAdvisors John MCMInn. all other foreign: $123. ny. us office of publication: 2424 niagara falls blvd. the federal government pledged $150 million to add 634 “beds” to existing jails. on M3C 4J2 telephone 416-510-6845 facsimile 416-510-5140 e-mail edItors@CanadIanarChIteCt. suite 800. OAA. OAQ. “Whereas incarceration was born out of an effort by the state to distance itself from the punishment of the day (corporal punishment). does it really make sense to spend $9. 3543 custoMErsErvicE MaLkIt Chana 416-442-5600 ext.97 for one year. Most experts agree that these new policies will not reduce crime in our communities. and the operating costs per individual in these types of facilities would be much lower than typical correctional facilities. FRAIC contributingEditors GavIn affLeCk. MAA. students (prepaid with student Id..CoM Canadian architect is published monthly by bIG Magazines LP. Canadian architects designing prisons will be pleased to learn that the federal corrections budget will increase by 36 percent.5 billion annually by 2015-16 on Canada’s corrections systems. Printed in Canada. Price per single copy: $6.95 plus applicable taxes for two years (hst – #809751274rt0001). MAA vancouver adeLe weder publishEr toM arkeLL 416-510-6806 AssociAtEpublishEr GreG PaLIouras 416-510-6808 circulAtionMAnAgEr beata oLeChnowICz 416-442-5600 ext. or can we advocate for an alternative course of action through preferred methods of crime prevention and rehabilitation? A 2010 report issued by the Parliamentary Budget Officer estimates that our government’s desire to build 4.95. but they assume no liability for the accuracy or completeness of the text. 12 Concorde Place. SAA montreal davId theodore calgary davId a.” If architects continue to design outmoded correctional facilities.95 us for one year. Ian ChodIkoff ichodikoff@cAnAdiAnArchitEct. The CSC website also indicates a willingness to look at new options.e. With 15 crime-related bills either before the Senate or recently passed. nCARb rEgionAlcorrEspondEnts halifax ChrIstIne MaCy. down. although it is questionable whether they are willing to pay for it.4 billion spent in 2009-10? Alternatively. an Angus Reid poll recently discovered that 65 percent of Canadians believe in tougher sentencing. or its fitness for any particular purpose. why don’t we address the critical social issues affecting those most likely to be sentenced? Strengthening the discretionary judicial system for at-risk youth.
You and nora. Green Building Council member organizations grow to 15. You and your challenges. What was once a quiet evolution has become a revolutionary force. water. we’ve evolved with you. it starts with you. 1978 Earth Day brings awareness to Earth’s need for continual care. Your desire for sustainable design has helped redefine the meaning of green. 1988 1. Your concern for the environment continues to create new standards for designing in harmony with nature. indoor air quality.000 communities in America initiate curbside recycling.000. 1998 EPA launches voluntary programs for energy.S.1968 Social environmental movements take hold. waste and smart growth. it is why we continually explore ways to blend the best of technology with greener thinking. Since we began making nora® rubber flooring over 50 years ago. 2008 U. WHO SHapeS tHe future Of green deSign? You do.com/us/green34 follow us: @noraflooring . 800-332-nOra www.nora. You and your world.
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five new huts were unveiled as part of the 2011 “Art and Architecture Competition on Ice. by Tel Aviv architects Noa Biran and Roy Talmon. The winning designs. led by Professor Lancelot Coar. co-creator of the competition. toba. The huts were completed at the Forks and along the popular skating and walking trail on the frozen Assiniboine and Red Rivers in early February. while Ha(y)ven is a 60-foot tower made of hay bales. and feature three competition winners from a pool of 130 submissions from countries as far away as Serbia.” says Winnipeg architect Peter Hargraves. AndiscomprisedofsixbeAutifullysculpturAlAndflexibleplyWoodshellsgrouped together“inAschool”toofferprotectionfromtheelements.. Ha(y)ven by a New York team of architects led by Tri Nguyen. The Woodpile hut involves a metal 03/11canadian architect 9 bArbArAedie . The three winners selected from the competition are: Under the Covers by Philadephia architect Robert B. The two other designs solicited from outside the competition are Jellyfish by Patkau Architects of Vancouver.” The idea of the warming huts was borne from a desire to encourage outdoor activity and enjoyment in Winnipeg’s extreme winter climate. and Woodpile. Spain and Portugal. and Cocoon. a student submission from the University of Mani- aBOVe WhilenotselectedfromtheArtAndArchitecturecompetitiononice. were all “compelling. creating a landmark on the Assiniboine River.pAtkAu Architects’JellyfishWAsAninvitedsubmissiontotheWinnipegWArminghutsproject. Under the Covers is a conceptual design that derives from the idea of splitting and peeling pre-existing fabric. Trempe Jr. while difficult for the jury to choose.news PrOJects Popular warming huts offer beauty. Following a similar project last winter on Winnipeg’s river trail. wonder and protection in wintry winnipeg.
and the temporal connection between these two elements. She will visit recently built projects in Western Europe. Michener Fellowship and the American Institute of Architects Henry Adams Medal. 60 Richmond was con ceived as a solid mass that was carved into to create openings and terraces at various levels. The winners of the ArchDaily Building of the Year Awards have been announced. The client program—a housing co-op for hospitality workers that is economical to build and maintain—was a key inspiration for the design which incorporates social spaces dedicated to food and its production. transform and be understood over time. Lynch will intern with Fat Koehl Architekten in Berlin. and select a number of them for documentation. she obtained a Master of Architecture from the University of Manitoba.ca/news/releases/2011/ rc129415658724456321. In 2009. she spent two months researching in Italy and France with the support of the Bill Allen Travel Scholarship. www. Lynch will use the award to design and build cameras to study the relationship between human activity. selected from hundreds of projects around the globe. and Teeple Architects’ 60 Richmond Street East Housing Co-operative took the top prize in the Housing category. While in Europe. The prizewinner is given the opportunity to visit significant architectural sites abroad. Raised in the Muskoka region of Ontario. the deconstructed volume creates interlocking 10canadian architect03/11 Canadian Architect Half Page Ad (text as outlines). 60 Richmond Street East was completed in March of 2010.com/v2011. With this study. These five new huts will be joined by four huts from last year’s event that were reconstructed for 2011. Focused on the influence of temporal engagement as an active architectural presence. It won the Ontario Association of Architects Design Excellence Award (2010) and the Canadian Architect Award of Excellence (2007). and the 11-storey. Organic waste generated by the kitchens serves as compost for the garden. Germany. The kitchen garden is irrigated by stormwater from the roofs. Samantha Lynch studied fine art at the University of Ottawa before leaving Ontario to travel and work across the country.000 Prix de Rome is awarded to a recent graduate of one of Canada’s 11 accredited schools of architecture who demonstrates outstanding potential. Lynch’s thesis work was driven by a fascination with the way in which architecture can unfold. The result is a small-scale. the architectural dimension. onto which river water is sprayed and frozen.indd 1 3/9/11 11:39:12 AM . The six flexible conical Jellyfish huts made of plywood are grouped together in a “school” to offer protection from the elements. Following her time at the CCA. She is also a recipient of the Mel P. and a flexible membrane defines Cocoon. Lynch was named a member of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Honour Roll. Gusts of wind causing the structure to shiver evoke the sensation of being in the water. In 2009.” The resident-owned and -operated restaurant and training kitchen on the ground floor is supplied with vegetables. and to intern at an architecture firm of international stature.frame that contains stacked firewood to be used for the campfire inside. The $34. 85-unit mixed-use building is among the first new housing co-ops to be built in Toronto in recent years. fruits and herbs grown on the sixth-floor terrace. but nevertheless full-cycle ecosystem described as “urban permaculture.warminghuts. She presently lives in Winnipeg and works at DIN Projects. Lynch hopes to contribute to the conversation on the impact of architecture on the human condition. creating a stiffened carapace. In 2010. Lynch received the Power Corporation of Canada Award and was given the opportunity to carry out a research project and residency at the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) in Montreal.htm teeple architects’ 60 richmond street east housing co-operative wins archdaily Building of the Year award.canadacouncil.html awards samantha Lynch wins the canada council for the arts Prix de rome in architecture for emerging Practitioners. University of Manitoba graduate Samantha Lynch is the winner of the Canada Council for the Arts Prix de Rome in Architecture for Emerging Practitioners. www.
Wendell Burnette. the highest architectural honour presented to an individual in Canada. Peter Stutchbury. Tom Kundig. New York).mlsarchitects. making and community. Internationally renowned Canadian architect Douglas Cardinal has bestowed his entire collection from 1984 onwards of drawings. Richard Kroeker. Says Stephen Fai. Brigitte Shim and Patricia Patkau. Registration for the full conference is $2. members of this virtual school will congregate on the Ghost site as speakers for a conference on the theme of “Ideas in Things. where the collection is now housed. Ghost 13 international architecture conference: ideas in things. Other projects that Cardinal has worked on in his career include the Edmonton Space Science Centre which has since been renovated and rebranded as the Telus World of Science. the First Nations University (Saskatchewan) and Oneida Casino Children’s and Elders’ Center (Verona.and contrasting spaces stepping out and back from the street. A book and a film will document the conference. Rick Joy.abetlaminati. Cardinal was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada.” Cardinal. Francis Kéré. 2011. www. the Grande Prairie Regional College. a department head of the archives and research collections at MacOdrum Library. Germany. plans.” The collection includes valuable assets such as plans for the Canadian Museum of Civilization. 3D models and other information to Carleton University.ca/ghost/apply/ 800.” says Patti Harper. Marlon Blackwell. a reduced carbon footprint is further achieved with a low-maintenance green roof and rainwater collection for the terrace gardens. Having received LEED Gold certification. is famous for his commitment to excellence and unique creative vision.com . Quebec. the Leighton Artist Colony at the Banff Centre. Unlimited selection what’s new douglas cardinal awards collection to carleton University. It has been a meeting place for an international school of architects who share a commitment to landscape. “This collection will not only be valuable to the Azrieli School of Architecture and Urbanism but also Aboriginal studies. the Museum of the American Indian (Washington. Mary’s Church in Red Deer.” Speakers include: Kenneth Frampton.228. “I chose Carleton because of its outstanding school of architecture. which won the UN award as UNESCO’s Best Sustainable Community in 1998 and was featured as the “Village of the Future” in Expo 2000 in Hanover. its commitment to the arts and humanities. “I am assured the collection will be properly preserved and my body of work will be able to be utilized by future generations of architects. Deborah Berke. St. and Oujé-Bougoumou Village. Andrew Freear. Oujé-Bougomou. Participation is limited to 200 registrants. Ted Flato. Equally important to the history of architecture is the role he played in the development and application of digital technologies for the practice of architecture. and has been the research laboratory for MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects since 1994. Dan Rockhill. From June 14-17.” says Cardinal. He is renowned for developing a classic. Alberta. commerce. the Provincial Building in Ponoka. The Ghost Lab is held every summer on architect Brian MacKay-Lyons’s farm located on the coast of Nova Scotia. public history. a professor of architecture: “His undulating forms and voluptuous spaces are immediately recognizable. Juhani Pallasmaa.2238 www. who is an officer of the Order of Canada. and particularly the exemplary professional and dedicated staff serving the Archives Department. DC). These architects will embrace both the academy and practice through a commitment to place while resisting the numbing effects of a globalized culture.500 and sessions are eligible for continuing education credits. political science and heritage conservation at Carleton. organic approach to architecture and was designated a world master of contemporary architecture by the International Academy of Architecture. Vincent James. files. In 1999. Alberta.
MRAIC (Saskatchewan/Manitoba) Leslie Klein. PP/FRAIC Regional Directors Wayne De Angelis. More exposure of awards such as these will help us in our mission to improve the built environment in Canada. MRAIC Director Representing Intern Architects W. 2011 Board Members President Stuart Howard. New Incentive for Newly Licensed Architects Architects licensed in the past year are eligible for one discounted year of full membership at $190. We believe that awards are very important and that is the reason they remain part of Architecture Canada | RAIC’s core programs...org to make payments via credit card.org. or to claim a discounted year of membership. Detailed descriptions and images can be found at www. because. MRAIC 2nd Vice-President and Treasurer Paul E.org Masthead photo: Language TechnoLogies ReseaRch cenTRe aT univeRsiTy of Quebec in ouTaouais | Menkès shooneR Dagenais LeTouRneux aRchiTecTs / foRTin coRRiveau saLvaiL aRchiTecTuRe + Design | PhoTo: MicheL bRuneLLe . Dhar. This is a savings of $157.50. Every city in Canada has a particular building that represents its character and every one of those buildings was championed by an architect.1 winTeR 2010/2011 Recognizing Excellence: Proof that Architecture Matters . Architecture Canada | RAIC President thanked the Governor General for taking the time to recognize excellence in Architecture in Canada during the presentation ceremony at Rideau Hall..issue 33. FRAIC (Ontario Southwest) Allan Teramura. Such recognition is evidence of the profession of architecture’s place in Canada and a physical statement that Architecture Matters. The recipients were announced in April 2010.raic. MRAIC (British Columbia/Yukon) Wayne Guy. 2011 his Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston. or by mail or fax. For more information. © 2011 Office of the Secretary to the Governor General of Canada Charles Olfert. they also serve as a means of communicating and educating architects about their colleagues’ work and the publication and dissemination of that information helps others outside the profession understand what we do. Angie Sauvé – asauve@ raic. FRAIC.raic. FRAIC Executive Director Jim McKee Editor Sylvie Powell Architecture Canada | RAIC 330-55 Murray St. The following is an excerpt. FRAIC (Alberta/NWT) MCpl Dany Veillette. Ottawa ON K1N 5M3 Tel.: 613-241-3600 Fax: 613-241-5750 E-mail: info@raic. org. FRAIC Council of Canadian University Schools of Architecture (CCUSA) Kendra Schank Smith. FRAIC (Atlantic) Chancellor of College of Fellows Alexander Rankin. FRAIC Immediate Past President Ranjit (Randy) K. Stuart Howard. Recognition such as that which comes with these medals. Frank.50 off the regular member rate of $347. Membership Renewal Season Has Begun Be sure to renew to keep enjoying the many benefits of Architecture Canada | RAIC membership. it creates the beautiful living environments that lift the spirit and are a source of joy. Rideau Hall.org. as is evidenced through these awards. We hope awards and events such as today’s ceremony help illustrate to those beyond our profession the importance that architecture makes to our day-to-day lives and to our Canadian culture. please contact the membership coordinator Angie Sauvé – asauve@raic.. helps to strengthen Canadians’ appreciation of architecture and helps its value to society grow. Governor General of Canada. FRAIC 1st Vice-President and President-Elect David Craddock.raic. What is unfortunate is that not many Canadians can link those names to that building.. Any questions about renewals can be directed to membership coordinator. presented the 2010 Governor General’s Medals in Architecture to recipients during a ceremony at Rideau Hall. www. FIRAC (Quebec) Paul E. Frank. Not only do awards inspire architects to excellence. Steve Boulton. MRAIC Editorial Liaison Ralph Wiesbrock. Members can log in to the members section at https://members. MRAIC (Ontario North and East/Nunavut) Jean-Pierre Pelletier. 31.org On Jan.
MRAIC (Saskatchewan/Manitoba) Leslie Klein. la publication et la diffusion des projets primés permettent au grand public de comprendre ce que nous faisons.nu M éR o 3 3 . En outre. FRAIC Président sortant de charge Ranjit (Randy) K. gouverneur général du Canada. MRAIC Conseiller représentant les stagiaires W. Frank.. Nous espérons qu’une cérémonie comme celle-ci et que les prix qui y sont décernés sauront convaincre la population de l’importance de l’architecture dans nos vies quotidiennes et dans la culture de notre pays.. son Excellence le très honorable David Johnston. sources de joie et d’inspiration. MRAIC Deuxième vice-président et trésorier Paul E. bureau 330 Ottawa (Ontario) K1N 5M3 Tél.raic. www. la preuve que l’architecture a son importance . a remis les Médailles du Gouverneur général en architecture aux lauréats de 2010 lors d’une cérémonie tenue à Rideau Hall. MRAIC (Est et Nord de l’Ontario/Nunavut) Jean-Pierre Pelletier. FRAIC (Sud et Ouest de l’Ontario) Allan Teramura. peu de Canadiens connaissent le nom de ces architectes. Malheureusement. FRAIC (Alberta/T. car. comme le démontrent les bâtiments primés.50 $ à Architecture Canada | IRAC. Angie Sauvé – asauve@raic. Pour en savoir davantage ou pour demander votre adhésion à tarif réduit.raic. MRAIC Conseiller à la rédaction Ralph Wiesbrock. Cette reconnaissance révèle la place de l’architecture au Canada et prouve que l’architecture a son im- portance .org photo en CartouChe de titre : cenTRe De RecheRche en TechnoLogies LangagièRes De L’univeRsiTé Du Québec en ouTaouais | Menkès shooneR Dagenais LeTouRneux aRchiTecTes / foRTin coRRiveau saLvaiL aRchiTecTuRe + Design | PhoTo : MicheL bRuneLLe . La saison du renouvellement bat son plein ! N’oubliez pas de renouveler votre adhésion à Architecture Canada | IRAC pour continuer à profiter de ses nombreux avantages. FRAIC. FRAIC Directeur général Jim McKee Rédactrice en chef Sylvie Powell Architecture Canada | IRAC 55. Dhar. Frank. veuillez communiquer avec la coordonnatrice aux adhésions. comme celle dont témoignent ces médailles. FRAIC (Atlantique) Chancelier du Collège des fellows Alexander Rankin. MRAIC (Colombie-Britannique/Yukon) Wayne Guy. : 613-241-5750 Courriel : info@raic. Angie Sauvé – asauve@raic. rue Murray.) Charles Olfert. La couverture médiatique de prix aussi prestigieux que les médailles décernées aujourd’hui nous aide à réaliser notre mission d’améliorer l’environnement bâti au Canada. président d’Architecture Canada | IRAC a remercié le gouverneur général de cet hommage à l’excellence en architecture. Les noms des lauréats avaient été dévoilés en avril 2010. Chaque ville du Canada s’enorgueillit d’un bâtiment emblématique et chacun de ces bâtiments est l’œuvre d’un architecte. 1 hiveR 2010/2011 Hommage à l’excellence.org. Pour toute question concernant le renouvellement. veuillez communiquer avec la coordonnatrice aux adhésions. Steve Boulton.org CplC Dany Veillette. FRAIC Premier vice-président et président élu David Craddock. Leur cotisation s’établit ainsi à 190 $. FIRAC (Québec) Paul E. Rabais sur les droits d’adhésion des nouveaux architectes Les architectes admis auprès d’un ordre provincial ou territorial dans le courant de la dernière année sont admissibles à un rabais de 157. elle crée des cadres de vie agréables. PP/FRAIC Administrateurs régionaux Wayne De Angelis.org.org pour effectuer votre paiement par carte de crédit ou encore par la poste ou par télécopieur. La reconnaissance. : 613-241-3600 Téléc.50 $ sur les droits d’adhésion annuels de 347.. Rideau Hall.-O. FRAIC Conseil canadien des écoles universitaires d’architecture (CCÉUA) Kendra Schank Smith. Voici un extrait de son allocution. Les programmes de prix sont un volet fondamental des activités d’Architecture Canada | IRAC. permet à la population canadienne de mieux apprécier l’architecture et de mieux saisir la valeur qu’elle apporte à la société.raic.. Stuart Howard. Vous n’avez qu’à ouvrir une session à https://members.org. Conseil d’administration de 2011 Président Stuart Howard. Les descriptions et les images des projets récompensés sont affichées sur le site suivant : www. car nous croyons fermement qu’ils incitent les architectes à l’excellence tout en leur faisant mieux connaître les réalisations de leurs collègues. © 2011 Bureau du secrétaire du gouverneur général du Canada Le 31 janvier dernier.N.
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and frames a new vista to the iconic 1152 Mainland warehouse. It updates the Bill Curtis Plaza which serves as the entry to this new Vancouver neighbourhood. replacing the brick and heavy timber pavilion that used to be there. And then there’s Broadway-City Hall. with glass clerestories to maximize natural daylight. It’s clear that these new urban typologies are a sign of the times. much like the iconic Dal Grauer substation on Burrard Street in downtown Vancouver was in the 1950s. and has already reached the capacity ridership anticipated for five years hence. located as it is at the periphery of Vancouver’s outer suburbs. echoing the old structures lining the river when the Eburne sawmill was in full production—tall.Making tracks the recently coMpleted 16-station canada line that links downtown VancouVer to the city’s airport is a welcoMe addition to the public transit systeM in the region. it imitates the movement of logs on conveyor belts and log plumes. kasian. PBk arChiTeCTs teXt sean ruThen Glowing in Vancouver’s western winter light. sTanTeC arChiTeCTure. Now seems as good a time as any to assess its efficacy from a transit . It will soon be the site of a new and already controversial TOD (Transit-Oriented Development) in the area. on a gritty industrial edge across from a busy arterial. One of five stations VIA Architecture designed for the Canada Line. utilitarian sheds where the lumber was cut. This is just one of many ideas they used to develop each station’s unique theme. and the grain elevators were in the 1920s for Swiss architect Le Corbusier. the new station with a swooping wood soffit standing kitty corner from the Canada Line’s first official 16 canadian architect 03/11 TOD by Busby Perkins + Will (complete with a green wall and LEED Gold rating). the area’s signature showpiece with its storey-high serif numbering. which connects the cities of Vancouver and Richmond with the Vancouver International Airport. VIA Architecture’s Yaletown station. Eighteen months have now passed since the inaugural run of the new Canada Line. VanCouVer and riChmond. BriTish CoLumBia architects Via arChiTeCTure. BusBy Perkins+ WiLL. one of the first along the new Canada Line. idiosyncratically sited between the trains emerging from underground then propelled over the Fraser River. the new Canada Line station at Marine Drive stands as a beacon for urban renewal. imitates the language of the loading docks that are Yaletown’s hallmark. The architect’s intent at the Marine Drive station is a poetic metaphor of the logging industry. WaLTer FranCL arChiTeCTure. proJect The Canada Line. diaLoG.
With such a unifying effect. That being said. the City of Vancouver is presently hearing a rezoning application for the post-industrial parcel adjacent to the Marine Line station. it may be a while before these new towers pop up on the city’s most southern slopes above the Fraser River. As the architect’s rendering of the site on the developer’s marketing billboard has changed three times now. While his Sea Island station is primarily intended for those working at the Air Canada terminal and offices. Many have spoken about its overwhelming success since it was introduced shortly before the Vancouver Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. one oF The more exPressiVe sTruCTures aLonG The neW and WeLL-used Canada Line. but stops at their respective City Halls. However. PCI Development and Busby Perkins + Will’s proposal for almost 900. much has been said about the negative side effects of its construction. there are numerous opportunities to create new communities along the nodes. rider’s perspective and to evaluate its overall success as a new urban intervention in the city’s streetscapes. downtown Vancouver is now only a 15-minute train ride from the airport.000 square feet1 next to the Canada Line station is ambitious to say the least. with community leaders asking for a new Official Community Plan (OCP) for the area. the outcome of which remains to be seen. a ’70s concrete frame highrise which is the shorter sibling of the Granville Square tower downtown. The Canada Line not only connects the two cities of Vancouver and Richmond. during which time an unprecedented 40% of the population left their cars at home to use public transit. the Templeton station 03/11 canadian architect 17 . as explained by architect Walter Francl. which resulted in the tearing up of a prominent Vancouver neighbourhood’s public thoroughfare and other accom- panying negative consequences. Future density was also a factor in the planning of the airport stations.miChaeL eLkan aboVe The inTerseCTinG CurViLinear rooF PLanes oF The TemPLeTon sTaTion in riChmond. Consequently. The view of the north arm of the Fraser River is mediocre—the only building currently this height in Marpole is Airport Square. the attraction here is to add density at the Marine Drive node. moreover. It comprises two new towers—262 and 377 feet respectively—on a richly layered podium containing the requisite drug store and/or grocery store.
The GLass. which is also a means to access a nearby bus loop. Francl describes this particular station as the more kinetic one of the two he completed. It is certainly for this same reason that Kerrisdale residents vehemently opposed it going through their neighbourhood. Wood and sTeeL CanoPy aT The oakridGe–41sT sTaTion uTiLizes a simiLar exPression To many oTher sTaTions on The neW LrT sysTem. combine to make the longest automated train system in the world 18 canadian architect 03/11 (a similar system in Dubai will shortly surpass the one in Vancouver). the curving canopy running parallel to the Canada Line is influenced by the decelerating and accelerating action of the trains. the Sea Island station runs perpendicular to the tracks.2 kilometres of rail. It seems that everyone loves the idea of commuter trains. In total. The enTranCe To The LanGara-49Th sTaTion ConVeys an arChiTeCTure ThaT sPeaks oF eFFiCienCy. with a glazed bridge crossing the busy roadway below. though in a somewhat muted fashion. but like a new kind of TOD-inspired NIMBYism. the offices of Busby Perkins + Will. Stantec (Broadway and Olympic Village). And with the possibility of a new hotel with midrise office buildings set to create a new community adjacent. which would have had the same effect there that it does on Cambie Village. This fact and many like it are courtesy of Vancouver writer Noam Dolgin. He remembers the original plans to run the line up Ontario Street.BoB maTheson BoB maTheson is a signpost of further development to the south. seven local firms contributed to the design of the 16 stations: in addition to Busby and Francl. when added to the existing SkyTrain lines in Metro Vancouver and its environs. demarcated by a gateway on its south elevation. Without a doubt. the Canada Line continues the legacy of stations as public art. despite there being an existing rail corridor there that could have been utilized. this new station is an example of architecture in the landscape. no one wants them running through their backyards. In contrast. Omicron (Storage and Maintenance Build- BoB maTheson . but it may not remain so for very long. In the 10 years since the Millennium Line. DIALOG (King Edward. Walter Francl Architect and others are as architecturally evocative as the celebrated stations of the Millennium Line. Oakridge and Langara). saFeTy and ease oF mainTenanCe. whose Canada Line Adventures is an indispensable companion to the new rail system. The exPosed ConCreTe aT The same sTaTion mainTains a heiGhT and massinG CommensuraTe WiTh The sTaTion’s suBurBan ConTexT. which. the five stations in Richmond by clockwise FroM aboVe leFt usinG a sTandardized maTeriaL PaLeTTe. The history of the Canada Line is perhaps as long as its 19.
requiring a combination of financiers in both the public and private realms. the $1. If you give people a viable alternative to get to work. Even more recently. and 44% of those same people are still continuing to use the trains. SNC Lavalin will also operate and maintain the Canada Line for 35 years as InTransit—along with Translink ($354 million). as the Line sought green strategies to make its mechanical systems more passive. Yet recently released statistics reveal that SkyTrain and Canada Line ridership rose during the Winter Olympic Games.right desiGned By diaLoG. provincial ($435 million). The kinG edWard sTaTion has raPidLy BeCome a Busy inTermodaL surFaCe huB. It is quite astonishing that one can now arrive at the airport and within 15 minutes be walking through Gastown. this environmental consciousness extended to LEED. ing). ironically in the same area that launched a lawsuit against the Line due to the adverse effects of its construction on their businesses. an act of vandalism saw the disappearance of a large public sculpture from the King Edward station. and all three tiers of government—federal ($450 million). using a ventilation system relying less on forced air and HVAC. a record-breaking snowfall closed down the Fraser River crossing between the Bridgeport and Marine Drive stations. Marine Drive. Yaletown. and municipal ($29 million). bringing us closer to a new paradigm where Jan Gehl’s “Copenhagenization” combines effortlessly with an efficient public transit system. which means more foot traffic than before to those businesses. the age-old love affair with the automobile may perhaps begin to disintegrate. carbon taxes and high gas prices. The question is at what cost is this acceptable? Such an urban experiment would not have been possible without closing the streets during the Games. With VIA Architecture given the responsibility of master-planning the line and working with the municipalities to locate the stations. the Line has not been without its share of controversy: this past December. City Centre and Waterfront stations) contributed their efforts. Kasian (Vancouver International Airport). architects and municipalities. and the coordination between urban planners. Additionally. There is also the option to stop at a casino and Vancouver’s only two shopping malls along the way. the Vancouver Airport Authority ($300 million). particularly when they are already exhausted by traffic jams. The project’s undertaking was vast. In the 18 months of its operation.92 billion needed to build the Canada Line came partly from SNC Lavalin ($200 million)—VIA had worked with them previously on a train line in Malaysia. and VIA Architecture (Bridgeport. They also saved 400 trees along Cambie Street in the course of excavating king edward section 0 5M langara section 0 5M oakridge station section 0 5M 03/11 canadian architect 19 BoB maTheson .
transit stations are a challenging building type to fulfill a LEED checklist. By using energyefficient lighting in all its stations. from the materials used. where the station’s pres- . No. All speak of the frequently unfortunate outcome of combining good intentions with the ubiquitous process of value engineering. BC Hydro gave the project Power Smart approval for its power consumption. but neither were they meant to be decorated sheds like the cookie-cutter Expo Line stations. the platforms themselves are quite small—40 metres long compared to the more generous 80-metre platforms used in the Millennium Line. Fraser River. as the drill moved under the city and its population.ed WhiTe yaletown long section 0 10M yaletown cross-section 0 10M the cut-and-cover trench. and the “cover”—the most sumptuous example of this being Hector Guimard’s Art Nouveau métro entrance in Paris. removing the excavated dirt and positioning the curving concrete panels—all visible to passengers on the train. to their lifecycle costing. With three to four small tube steel chairs interspersed about each platform. Grouped into six families—Downtown. So what then are we to make of the stations themselves? Graham McGarva. These “covers” are also typical of the subways in New York and Toronto. along with the Spartan wall and floor finishes. the pavilion. and Airport—the stations can be classified as one of three station typologies: architecture in the landscape. Cambie Boulevard. But all seven architecture firms demonstrated innovative green strategies for each station. The boring technology used for the Canada Line project was itself nothing short of miraculous. 3 Road. principal of VIA Architecture—the planners and architects of the Millennium and Canada Lines—says the stations on the Canada Line were never intended to be as prominent as those in the Millennium Line. As the Line’s builder—Montrealbased SNC Lavalin—pointed out. The use of one-floor elevators and single escalators at each station is also value engineering writ large. Cambie North. The current experi20 canadian architect 03/11 ence of riding the train under Cambie Street provides an opportunity to witness the tunnel’s form as a consequence of budgetary constraints. as the square cut-and-cover changes to the round bore tunnels.
and that this is simply a budgetary restriction. variations of themes comprised of previously set parameters. simiLar To The oTher sTaTions. 21 03/11 canadian architect BoB maTheson BoB maTheson ed WhiTe . As an example. and while much of the design was edited. ence on the street is no more than a set of stairs descending into the underground station proper. VIA Architecture’s office was involved in the planning and realization of 1986 Expo Line.opposite The enTranCe To The yaLeToWn sTaTion is suCCessFuL in aChieVinG an undersTaTed PresenCe in This Busy area oF The CiTy. The maTeriaL exPression oF The BroadWay sTaTion is VirTuaLLy VandaL-ProoF. community input. and as such McGarva believes it is most likely to be similar to the Canada Line in its architectural expression: “It won’t be as adven- BoB maTheson clockwise FroM top The VanCouVer CiTy CenTre sTaTion aT The GranViLLe and WesT GeorGia inTerseCTion. The sTaTions’ inTeriors FoLLoW a simPLiFied maTeriaL exPression inTended To maximize LiGhT and saFeTy. the Evergreen Line is set to be the fourth line to traverse the Lower Mainland. and the ability to share the stations with the larger architectural community in Metro Vancouver—the laudable results of which include the iconic Brentwood Station. leaving them to focus on the layouts. The process requires the delicate juggling of urban planning. a legacy that the firm has continued with their three Canada Line stations along No. They are also responsible for such notable Vancouver architecture as the Roundhouse Community Centre and the glass pavilion for the historic Engine 374 steam locomotive. all of which corresponds to the escalators that have been used in all the stations (except for two stations which required longer escalators due to their increased depth underground). financial partnering.3 Road in Richmond. Founded in 1984. who is presently running their Seattle office. As for the interiors of the underground stations. The GenTLy sWooPinG CurVe oF The BroadWay sTaTion’s rooF reinForCes The Grade ChanGe aT sTreeT LeVeL. and architecture. Adding another escalator would require purchasing considerably more real estate at grade. The typical stations on the Canada Line are careful exercises in restraint. or are intentionally kept sparse since they may be torn up in the future to either expand or maintain the station. McGarva also stated that a “one escalator up” policy has been typical of all the SkyTrain stations. There is then perhaps no one that understands the complexity of realizing a project of this nature more than McGarva. the 2000 Millennium Line. the essence of the Line still remains—its utilitas. as well as the design for the new Evergreen Line. I was equally impressed when he told me about their positive experience on the Millennium Line. Looking to the future. with each corresponding to the station’s unique theme. McGarva admits that the Canada Line was a “tight ship” in regards to its budget. the depth of the platform below grade is equal to the length of two sets of stairs with a landing. The unfortunate reality is that many of these designs are now either covered by advertising. and partner Alan Hart. the material palette was more or less set.
and is now the most used line of the three.” Whether the stations are built remains to be seen. partly through necessity. Consequently. I honestly can’t call how it’s going to come out. which was then value-engineered to pure utility. That it is loved is undeniable. sea isLand sTaTion is an imPorTanT GaTeWay sTaTion en rouTe To VanCouVer’s airPorT. demonstrated by the long queues on opening day. As a humourous aside. niC Lehoux miChaeL eLkan turous as the Millennium Line. The oLymPiC ViLLaGe sTaTion is a VaLuaBLe TransPorTaTion LiFeLine For The neiGhBourhood. PuBLiC arT GraCes The PLaza in FronT oF The marine driVe sTaTion.marTin TessLer miChaeL eLkan clockwise FroM top The sea isLand sTaTion is inTended LarGeLy For air Canada emPLoyees. The level of complexity remains the same. lying on its side. ‘Don’t worry about all that. This 22 canadian architect 03/11 was the decision made with the Expo Line 25 years ago. As an Olympic volunteer myself working in the evenings. top to bottoM . Maybe some standards will change and some new people will come in and say we need up and down escalators. It’s like trying to get on a ride at Disneyland.’ ” “As for the Evergreen Line. McGarva described building the Yaletown station as the equivalent of constructing a 200-foot highrise underground. but [also] because it broke the thing open in the way each station announced itself with an exclamation point. a WaVy CeiLinG aT The WaTerFronT sTaTion’s PLaTForm LeVeL is one oF The WaTer-Themed eLemenTs ThaT surViVed The ProjeCT’s CosT-CuTTinG measures. BusBy Perkins+WiLL’s hiGhCeiLinGed enTranCe To aBerdeen sTaTion in riChmond ProTeCTs CommuTers From Wind and rain. or lining up to view the Olympic medals during the Games. it has been a success from a functional standpoint. SkyTrain before that was not that popular in the public imagination. with an increasingly standardized assemblage of parts and parameters to be coordinated. and so you have to buy 17 more properties. its aesthetic is the result of the urgency to get the most efficient design—universal and straightforward—for the greatest good. niC Lehoux opposite right. It was a culture and a branding— Millennium Line was a brand. The Canada Line is more like. which took an explicit mandate. Regardless of the Canada Line’s construction woes. we’re just stations. an examPLe oF The Canada Line’s PuBLiC arT ComPonenT is insTaLLed in FronT oF The oLymPiC ViLLaGe sTaTion. and it was a big decision as it’s not just a couple thousand dollars for another escalator— it’s so many more metres of property that moves the alignment. and it is now. I often rode home at midnight when it The Busy doWnToWn WaTerFronT sTaTion emerGes aT sTreeT LeVeL WiTh a simPLe GLass enCLosure.
systeM Map ed WhiTe aboVe a VieW oF BridGePorT sTaTion iLLusTraTes a TyPiCaL aPProaCh To aBoVe-Grade desiGn aLonG The Canada Line. Marine driVe south cross-section 0 5M 03/11 canadian architect 23 ed WhiTe ed WhiTe ed WhiTe .
3 road. Sean Ruthen is a Vancouver-based architect and writer. PrOJect vancouver city centre station architect via architecture (Prime)/PBk architects (collaBorating) strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. PrOJect oakridge–41st avenue station architect dialog (formerly hotson Bakker Boniface haden) strUctUraL glotman simPson consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. LandscaPe sharPe & diamond landscaPe architecture inc. ca 1 See http://vancouver. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. demonstrating that if you build it. will always represent the Canada Line and makes taking the train a pleasurable experience in Metro Vancouver and its surroundings.htm for more information.martin tessler PrOJect Waterfront station architects via architecture. PrOJect sea island centre station architect Walter francl architecture strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL mcW consultants ltd. eLectricaL genivar PrOJect yaletoWn roundhouse station architect via architecture strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. martin tessler was full of friendly people talking and laughing— positive energy that. eLectricaL genivar LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. PrOJect marine drive station architect via architecture (Prime)/PBk architects (collaBorating) strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL genivar LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. propelling minimalism into a new architectural expression. LandscaPe sharPe & diamond landscaPe architecture inc. PrOJect BroadWay–city hall station architect stantec strUctUraL rJc consulting engineers MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. people will ride it. eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. PrOJect yvr–airPort station architect kasian strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL/eLectricaL mcW consultants ltd. the at-grade Plaza Beneath aBerdeen station along no. richmond’s asian-themed shoPPing malls are visiBle Behind aBerdeen station. eLectricaL aPPlied engineering solutions ltd. to me. LandscaPe sharPe & diamond landscaPe architecture inc. tOP tO BOttOM BusBy Perkins+Will’s three stations in richmond feature roof enclosures that gently lift at the edges to enhance commuters’ vieWs toWard the city Beyond. aBundant glazing Provides WindBreaks and clear sightlines to ensure Passenger safety./stantec consulting ltd. PrOJect langara–49th avenue station architect dialog (formerly hotson Bakker Boniface haden architects) strUctUraL glotman simPson consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. with SkyTrain usage overall jumping 54%. 24 canadian architect 03/11 . PrOJect temPleton station architect Walter francl architecture strUctUraL fast + ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL mcW consultants ltd. PrOJect olymPic village station architect stantec strUctUraL rJc consulting engineers MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. the 16 new stations are celebrating what design details they can. And despite their austere utilitas. PrOJect lansdoWne station architect BusBy Perkins+Will strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. hyWel Jones architect (renovations to existing station comPlex) strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc.6 million people used the system per day during the Olympics.ca/commsvcs/planning/rezoning/ martin tessler applications/8430cambie/index. martin tessler aBOVe. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. A remarkable 1. PrOJect king edWard station architect dialog (formerly hotson Bakker Boniface haden) strUctUraL glotman simPson consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. PrOJect richmond–Brighouse station architect BusBy Perkins+Will strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. PrOJect BridgePort station architect via architecture (Prime)/PBk architects (collaBorating) strUctUraL/MechanicaL/eLectricaL genivar PrOJect aBerdeen station architect BusBy Perkins+Will strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd.
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an average LEED Goldor Platinum-certified commercial building in North America has a median EUI of 162 ekWh/y/ m2. In fact. it may be impractical to achieve without “scale jumping”—using energy resources beyond the individual building’s site. depending on the actions of occupants and operators). LEED-certified buildings perform better than the market (though even well-designed buildings can be poor performers.illusTraTedbyTwonewcanadianbuildings wiThambiTiousenvironmenTalgoals. with no need to verify actual performance. EUI is typically expressed in “equivalent kilowatt hours per year per unit of gross floor area” (ekWh/y/m2). However. recently funded a study to evaluate the measured energy performance of LEED-certified buildings. the most ambitious energy targets in the Canadian market 03/11canadian architect 27 busbyperkins+will . the US Green Building Council (USGBC) aBoVe scheduledforoccupancyinThe summerof2011. we expect these to be some of the top energy performers in the country. While the study has generated much debate. or as a maximum “energy use intensity” (EUI). energy consumption targets in canada Building energy consumption targets are increas- ingly used and discussed by building professionals in Canada. Being LEED’s top rating.1 According to this study (conducted by the New Buildings Institute). these two buildings also show that net-zero energy is a very difficult target for larger buildings. we believe that the general conclusions are sound: that on average. In Canada.busbyperkins+will’s cenTreforinTeracTiveresearchforsusTainabiliTyaTubcisacandidaTeforlivingbuildingchallengecerTificaTion. and this metric is increasingly seen as a more credible measure of performance than a relative percent savings value. and are typically expressed as either a percent savings (as compared to a “reference building”). etc.Jennymcminn.ian Theakeranddougwebber There is growing awareness and interest in “netzero” energy buildings. and recently a lawsuit (based on questions regarding the statistical rigour of the analysis). But what does it take for a large and intensively used building to achieve net-zero energy? Can it be achieved? The Centre for Green Cities at the Evergreen Brick Works in Toronto and the Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver share several key design strategies that enable the buildings to approach net-zero energy performance within their own site boundaries. controversy. the energy performance of LEED-NC certified buildings is sometimes questioned since the NC rating system rewards projects based on predicted performance. district heating.technical approaching net-Zero energy ThisarTiclediscussessomeofThesTraTegies usedandchallengesfacedinmovingTo zero-energyconsumpTionbuildings. electricity. To respond to this level of doubt in the market.). which is a relative target. alongwiThachievingneT-zeroenergy andwaTerconsumpTion. There are now more than a dozen LEED-NC Platinum-certified buildings in Canada. teXt markbessoudo. However. This is 60 percent better than Natural Resources Canada’s estimate for an average Canadian office building. LEED is the most widely used rating system for new green buildings in North America. Although LEED is the most common. an absolute target (often “normalized” for differences such as weather and occupancy). EUI refers to the total amount of energy a building consumes from all sources in a year (natural gas.
Through careful design of the building envelope. Each metric illuminates different issues—impacting the demands on an individual project.”2 Net-Zero Energy Cost: annual revenues from energy sales to utilities by the building owner for energy exported to the grid are equal to or greater than the utility bills paid. trusses. with partial occupancy as of December 2010. a workspace for themselves and other social entrepreneurs. The long face of the heritage building was oriented along the north-south axis. which requires a certified project to generate 100% of its energy needs through renewable energy generation (base on one year’s measured data). “Source” energy refers to the primary energy required to generate and deliver the energy consumed at the site. and fan-driven “chimneys” were included to drive natural ventilation and nighttime air-purge cooling strategies. posing challenges to the design team with respect to passive solar strategies. These measures are predicted to reduce ventilation heating loads by 42%. evergreen at the Brick Works in toronto top Thebrickworks’chimneyhasbecomeaniconforTheredevelopmenT. which was seen to consume as much energy as envelope losses. integrating existing brick walls. When completed. movable external shades that control solar gains and act as one of many media for art.diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs Unless stated otherwise. This is of particular importance to electricity. a skating rink. in the details it becomes more complex. Heating is decoupled from ventilation. zero seems like a simple and easy-to-understand target.super-insulaTedexTeriorcladding. and columns. Improvement strategies include a windowto-wall ratio of 23%. The Centre for Green Cities was built upon an existing heritage building. 2 to 3 units of energy are consumed at the generating station for every unit of site energy consumed by a building. and a glycol run-around loop for sensible energy. Ventilation energy conservation strategies included a high-performance heat recovery system with a desiccant wheel for latent energy. when 28canadian architect03/11 accounting for upstream inefficiencies.Theoriginal shellofThered-brickbuildingwasmainTainedTosupporTanew. with a focus on energy efficiency.1– 1999.sTeampipesare TrappedinalayerofconcreTeToprovideThermalcomforTforThousandsofvisiTors. This appreciation led them to target LEED Canada-NC Platinum certification. CO2 sensors and enthalpycontrolled ventilation are predicted to further reduce fan loads by over 25%. wind.9 W/m2K). net-Zero energy Buildings Unlike EUI or percent energy savings. coupled with three solar. since. Given the focus on bringing nature to the city. At the heart of this development is the Evergreen Centre for Green Cities. The construction of the Centre is largely complete. the 16-hectare site will include a complex of revitalized historical buildings and industrial structures. and canals that will help manage the Don River waters when in flood.” Their project known as the Brick Works involves transforming an abandoned 19th-century quarry and brick factory into an environmental community centre in the heart of Toronto’s ravine system.aBoVeThefarmers’markeThasnewhydronicflooring. centre for green cities. several large exhibition halls. high insulation—R-35 walls and R-50 roof. rather diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs . ponds. Net-Zero Carbon: the building produces at least as much energy as it uses with each energy type factored by their respective “grid” supply carbon intensity. on average. which will reflect their appreciation for environmental issues. a farmers’ market. However. heat is provided by an in-floor radiant system on the ground floor and radiators around the perimeter of interior spaces. and high-performance window systems (USI 0. Net-Zero Source Energy: the building produces at least as much energy as it uses in a year. Evergreen’s mission is to “bring communities and nature together for the benefit of both. this article uses “site energy” as the metric. The windows have wire mesh. There are at least four common definitions of net-zero energy: Net-Zero Site Energy: the building produces at least as much energy as it uses in a year within its own site boundaries. Operable windows. The design team also focused on the energy consumed through ventilation. nature trails. are included in the International Living Building Institute’s Living Building Challenge. increasing the porosity of the building was important. the design reduces annual heating and cooling energy by almost 50% relative to ASHRAE 90.
000-square-metre PV array needed for netzero energy.500 ekWh/year back to preheat outdoor (ventilation) air. 90 kW are planned for the roof of an adjacent industrial building. which combines teaching. simulation and daylighting research laboratories and engagement theatre. Through energy-conserving design alone. natural daylighting. worked for over a decade to gain provincial and federal funding. Careful spacing and selection of high-efficiency fixtures. Scheduled for occupancy in July 2011. and businesses such as BC Hydro. Two of Evergreen’s objectives were to create a great visitor experience. and avoiding the Living Building Challenge’s “Red List” of toxic materials. John Robinson. Through a combination of art. with upper clerestory sections to admit natural light deep into interiors. water conservation and rainwater harvesting. Controlling the building’s embodied energy and operating GHG emissions is leading the project to becoming Canada’s first GHG-negative building. and the BC design community will benefit from its policy. a vegetated brise-soleil will shade the atrium in the summer months while admitting winter sun for heating and lighting. Haworth. To further reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Evergreen has committed to purchasing Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) from Bullfrog Power for 100% of the building’s annual electricity consumption. views and passive cooling when conditions permit. In the interim.than through the ventilation system. Evergreen considered several renewable energy options. The system is expected to serve the adjacent building as well as CIRS. returning roughly 603. Windows include lower vision sections with shades to control solar loads and glare. goals include net-zero energy and net-zero water consumption. and solar energy collection. the preferred renewable energy option included a biomass boiler and a solar/cogeneration cooling system. The office building’s roof alone is not large enough for the anticipated 5. with a lighting power density of 6. radiant heating. graduate students and partners. research and campus operations. Executive Director of this initiative. the International Centre for Sustainable Cities.naTural venTilaTionchimneysallowThisbuildingTobreaTheallyearlongwhile TakingadvanTageoffreeenergy. geoexchange heating and cooling. As a candidate for Living Building Challenge certification. by including a heat pump system that recovers waste heat from an adjacent building’s laboratory exhaust system.500-square-metre CIRS building includes many elements now commonly seen in many green buildings: drought-resistant native landscaping. 64% better than ASHRAE 90. The UBC campus setting eased passive design to optimize natural energy capture by allowing some flexibility in massing and footprint. CIRS’s mechanical design takes advantage of an opportunity presented by its campus setting. daylighting opportunities while minimizing heat loss. centre for interactive research for Sustainability. What sets the CIRS building apart from other high-performance buildings are its ambitious performance goals. green roofs. Evergreen is exploring partnership opportunities to fund a 110 Kw (peak) photovoltaic system at the Brick Works site. reduce lighting energy by over 50% relative to ASHRAE 90. The Athena Institute’s EcoCalculator pointed to the use of salvaged wood damaged by the pine beetle to help sequester roughly 600 tonnes of carbon dioxide. Stantec and Honeywell. The result is anticipated to reduce natural gas use by UBC’s district energy system for a net energy surplus and reduce almost 03/11canadian architect 29 diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs . which allowed an overall window-to-wall ratio of 48%.1—1999. Its Building Monitoring and Assessment Lab will gather and publish operational performance of the project’s green features. These strategies yielded a predicted building EUI of 71 ekWh/y/m2. Massing and envelope efforts were matched by attention to conditioning outdoor air. CIRS will provide lecture spaces and offices for staff. Load reduction and passive opportunities were also major influences on the envelope design: balancing opaque and glazed areas maximized top. among others. non-governmental organizations such as the David Suzuki Foundation.1— 1999 and eligible for all 10 LEED Canada-NC EAc1 energy points—and provided a positive return on investment. During design development. supported from the start by Busby Perkins + Will. and data from a comprehensive measurement and verification system. the building’s $37-million construction budget reflects the University’s commitment to understanding how sustainability can be implemented in real life. large glazing areas were placed on the south-east and south-west elevations to provide solar heating. and the rigour of the approach to achieve them. displacement ventilation. the Centre for Green Cities is anticipated to be one the most efficient office buildings in Canada. Collaborators now include governments and research agencies. The envelope includes high levels of insulation (R-30 in walls and R-60 in roofs). leFt to righthighlyinsulaTedwallsand roofsonThecenTreforgreenciTies aTThebrickworkswillhelpmakeThis proJecTaleedplaTinumbuilding. the intent is for this building itself to be a change agent. and to cause behavioural change. taking advantage of revenues from Ontario government’s feed-in tariff (FIT) program. University of British columbia in Vancouver diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs The University of British Columbia’s Centre for Interactive Research for Sustainability (CIRS) is intended to be the home of UBC’s Sustainability Initiative.5 W/m2. storytelling. the 5. with daylight and occupancy controls. the design’s massing strategy evolved from a simple cubic form with a narrow internal atrium to a Ushape of narrow floor plates that provide more natural daylighting.
These resources may be either on the building itself. As envelope losses. than to try and achieve net-zero energy in each individual building. if they are still immature. 1 s 1 olarThermalpanelsorienTed forwinTerheaTing 2sTorageTanks 3biomassboiler 4ahu 5perimeTerradiaTors 6hydronicfloorheaTing 1 1 4 3 1shadingdevice 2buildingoverhang 3operablewindows 4cleresTorywindows 5solarchimney 6insulaTedglazing 6 1 1 1 5 6 6 2 3 4 5 5 2 4 5 1 3 3 5 3 6 2 2 2 2 1 6 6 3 natUral Ventilation Strategy cooling Strategy heating Strategy 30canadian architect03/11 . 4.asillusTraTedinThesecross- secTions. prevailing winds). passive solar). Energy conservation efforts have to address all energy uses aggressively. and local energy resources—particularly nearby sources of waste heat. the Living Building Challenge introduced the idea of “scale jumping. In addition. many Living Building Challenge projects use waste energy or renewable energy generated at a larger scale than the individual building site. commissioning. access to winds and solar gains can greatly help smaller buildings or those with generous sites approach a net-zero target.150 tonnes of carbon dioxide-equivalent emissions annually for both buildings together. Conditioning of outdoor air is largely done with recovery of waste heat. so too should their energy targets respond to and take advantage of the larger energy context. almost three-quarters of domestic water heating is provided by 40kW of solar thermal collectors on the roof. Both CIRS and Brickworks went to great lengths to reduce energy consumption for heating. Halsall has provided green building consulting on over 400 projects including new and existing buildings and communities. A multi-storey building in a dense urban environment will likely be shaded by adjacent buildings and have a relatively small unobstructed roof or wall area for solar collection. CIRS’s building footprint was not large enough to be totally self-sufficient in energy consumption with the program it aims to satisfy. Similarly. and lighting energy are reduced. looking Beyond the Building Site: Scale Jumping light that falls on its footprint. To approach net-zero energy performance. community or larger scales. 2. construction schedules. 3. Together.. the infrastructure serving the building.g. and programmatic and financial constraints greatly affect whether and how a building can become self-sufficient in energy terms. and both had great success with careful massing. Even with extraordinary conservation efforts. However. the constraints of the site. and no energy use can be neglected to reduce energy consumption to the point where renewable energy supplies are likely to be sufficient. Understand the site context by identifying opportunities and constraints presented by the microclimate (e. cooling and ventilation. Net-zero site energy at the building scale is not always the best solution. the less likely it will be able to meet its energy needs exclusively from the sun1 olarThermalpanelsorienTed s forsummercooling 2sTorageTanks 3absorpTionchiller 4ahu 5 oolairdeliveredThrough c raisedaccessfloor 6 oolairdeliveredThrough c hollowconcreTeplanksTo ceilingdiffusers Definition. High energy performance starts with reducing energy consumption. and building porosity to optimize passive effects (e. to help create systems that efficiently recover waste heat or passively temper incoming fresh air. cooling and lighting through appropriate massing. daylighting. Evergreen’s Centre for Green Cities program was an adaptive reuse of an existing heritage building. controls.g. compared to the energy needs of the floor area required to meet its functional program. supplemented by heat pumps. National Energy Renewable Laboratory (NREL). there simply wasn’t enough roof to collect enough solar energy to meet its needs over the course of a typical year. June 2006. However. conditioning outdoor air for ventilation grows in importance—but its slice of the energy pie is often masked. a 25 kW (peak) solar photovoltaic array is integrated with roof clerestory skylights and is expected to provide almost 10% of the building’s annual electrical energy. Just as buildings and their programs do not sit in social and economic isolation. As a national leader. technical and financial—need to be in place and aligned to optimize an energy strategy to its full potential. cladding. and capital and operating budgets. summertime shading. The needs of the building program.” The Challenge recognizes that it may be more valuable for larger buildings to share or generate energy resources at the block. which limited its available roof area and constrained its orientation. 2 Torcellini et al. or may need to draw on a larger area than the building footprint occupies. 2008. Conditioning of outdoor air (ventilation) is a large issue for highly efficient buildings.. Ian Theaker and Doug Webber are members of Halsall Associates’ Green Planning and Design team. Jenny McMinn. As a result. BeloWvariousenergy-efficienTsTraTegies wereusedforThecenTreforgreen ciTies. Meet energy loads efficiently through careful design of electrical and mechanical systems and equipment. larger buildings often don’t have sufficient site space to capture renewable resources to meet their needs. including availability of solar or waste energy resources. Mark Bessoudo. Reduce energy loads for heating. on the path towards net-Zero energy Buildings: the design process The design process for both CIRS and Brick Works followed four basic steps: 1. the better to contribute to overall environmental performance. the larger the building. Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the New Buildings Institute. Advanced technologies can challenge budgets and schedules. These load reductions and efficient systems minimized the amount of energy needed. envelope and systems design. Massing for daylighting. they offer several lessons: Creating a net-zero energy building is not easy. Generate and supply energy from renewable resources such as solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal to meet the remaining energy needs. All the right conditions—physical. New technologies at the “bleeding edge” can offer great promise for energy efficiency or harvesting renewable resources. Both design teams made impressive efforts to identify and assess how all design elements could improve energy performance. neighbourhood. Acknowledging that energy-generating strategies at a larger scale than the individual building may be a better use of limited fiscal and design resources. Designers would benefit greatly if simulation reports highlight energy consumed by heating. and measurement and verification. solar path. ca 1 Energy Performance of LEED® for New Construction Buildings. cooling and moving outdoor air. they can have major impacts on the design process. internal loads. natural ventilation. both the CIRS and Brick Works design teams were required to look beyond their individual site footprints.
AIA. Chair of the School of Health at UCLA and former Director of the US National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.thesedisruptiveforcesare providiNgarchitectswithafreshopportuNitytobeleadersiNthequesttocreatea healthiersociety. suburban renewal eyesores may echo the infamous failed urban renewal projects of the past. LEED-certified buildings and sustainable site design. Richard J. Dunham-Jones says that the challenge as this movement gains momentum is to raise public expectations for design quality. Otherwise. “If designers and public health professionals work together. how to cultivate demand for healthy design Generations of architects who expressed a desire to “educate the public” regarding aesthetic values have had mixed success in creating design quality champions.to 34-year-old Canadians have more than doubled since 1978-79. This adds up to a marketdriven demand for repurposing and retrofitting underperforming retail. Intensified “Eco-Towns” and “Creative Hubs” comprised of arts centres. energydraining design in the suburbs have played out pretty much as feared. More than 80 examples of such suburban transformations are presented in Retrofitting Suburbia by Ellen Dunham-Jones. including losses in productivity. publicly owned streets. Preventable medical conditions.7 million by 2020. such as 80% of cardiovascular disease occurrences.” says Dr. Associate Professor of Architecture and Urban Design at the City College of New York/CUNY. Their case studies include a former 100-acre mall in Lakewood. tyes. Dismal places that discourage physical and mental activity are increasingly recognized as contributing to a public health crisis with a human face and economic price tag that can no longer be ignored. But there is an alternative way of 03/11canadian architect 31 . more liveable suburban communities. The number of children considered obese and overweight has climbed from 15% to 26% during that same period. Colorado that has been redeveloped over a 10-year period into 23 walkable urban blocks. car-centric environments are widely seen as a major factor in making chronic diseases the plague of this century. Soaring energy costs.3 million in 2000 to 3. while Baby Boomers want to age in places that feature walkable. This example has inspired eight of the 13 area malls to move forward with plans for applying urban design principles to their suburban settings. big box farms and nursing homes are beginning to appear and spawn ideas for innovative conversions. diverse and vibrant neighbourhoods.report Bringing healthy design to the suBurBs NormsofsuburbaNlifethathaveledtoalarmiNgiNcreasesiNillNessarebeiNgshakeN byreceNtecoNomicshockwavesaNdshiftiNgdemographics. Long commutes are shunned by Generation Y. A 2009 report commissioned by the Canadian Diabetes Association predicted that the number of Canadians living with diabetes linked to overweight would grow from 1. educational facilities. libraries. place an estimated extra burden of $24 billion on the Canadian medical system annually. and June Williamson. Director of the architecture program at the Georgia Institute of Technology. we can help treat and prevent chronic diseases with ‘built environment therapy. Jackson. Alienating. teXt aBoVe avastparkiNglotoutsideofbigboxretailestablishmeNtsoNlyeNcouragesourcar-ceNtricsociety.farrowaNdsharoNvaNderkaay More than 50 years of dire warnings concerning the long-term effects of dehumanizing. Obesity rates for 25. resource conservation efforts and evolving lifestyle choices are driving demand for healthier. big box stores and office parks. parking lots. “We are now medicalizing the problems people are experiencing with their environment.’” a shift in the Market There is some encouraging light on the horizons of those sickly strip malls and acres of asphalt.
. universal accessibility to public buildings. where Sharon VanderKaay is the Director of Knowledge Development. Green design. These conventions of the past add up to the unsustainable. fake historical villages. However our experience indicates that engaged citizens can learn to be appalled by poor-quality design. Nature: Does the design make connections with the natural world? 2. we also experience the consequences of educational models that focus on teaching at the expense of learning. intellectual path to enlightening clients regarding gaps in aesthetics. ca Tye S. but we cannot rely on our medical system to solve the deeper causes of ill health. or Vital Signs.” Farrow Partnership’s blog at http://farrowpartnership. obesity is growing at an alarming rate in contrast to the rare condition it was only 50 years ago. for example. Vitality: Does it convey a sense of energy and stimulate social interaction? 5. but now people have become sensitized to the associated health consequences. it is necessary to think together about the many advantages of healthy design and how design quality can be achieved most economically. the public may have turned a blind eye to these sights. As the overwhelming cost of managing chronic diseases continues to set off calls for drastic solutions. Unhealthy weight must be understood as the symptom of a larger complex problem that has roots in the life-sapping design of our cities.wordpress. Farrow is a Senior Partner at Farrow Partnership Architects. and “angry” citizens with pervasive anxiety and depression. To help develop broad-based support for design quality. pill-popping.g. At one time. schools and hospitals. as well as careless abuse of the natural and built environment. office buildings. question-based dialogue regarding personally meaningful criteria is the most effective way to build appreciation for new ideas. and banning smoking are three examples of how entrenched attitudes can change when external forces shift and decision-makers see why it is in their personal interest to support a movement.increasing the demand for better design: research on how adults learn indicates that active.” 1. These common terms are easier for non-architects to relate to than academic-oriented architectural lingo such as “mixed use” or “sense of place.streetscapeswith NarrowsidewalksaNdwidearterials discouragepedestriaNactivitywhile promotiNgacar-domiNaNtbuilt eNviroNmeNt. walkable and liveable may still be oppressively dreary or disorienting (e. to change the minds of developers and others who have traditionally invested in pathogenic places. Such emotional reactions are based on deeply held beliefs rather than shallow “buy in” and therefore can be very powerful motivators for action. Legacy: Are we creating a design that is beyond “sustainable” in terms of advancing long-term health and prosperity? 32canadian architect03/11 go for gut reactions Projects that are considered technically sustainable. Authenticity: Does the design convey locally inspired character? 3. Getting serious about making dramatic reductions in health-care spending will entail more than imposing austerity measures on our hospitals and renaming disease-treating medical facilities “health centres. our visual literacy conversations with clients and the general public are grounded by this fundamental question: Does the design create health or erode health? We further illuminate our ultimate test of creating health in terms of five dimensions. Architects have tended to pursue a didactic.com/ which includes a video of Tye’s pitch for healthier design at the Mayo Clinic’s Transform 2010 symposium. In our view. unsustainable medical systems. we can radically reduce unnecessary costs while enhancing long-term prosperity. citizens need to ask why. All around us we can see how industrial-era thinking has led to dysfunctional financial practices. illness-coping society we face today. Prevention has become the mantra of every health-care organization today. They both discuss the design process and how innovation happens on “The Nature of Innovation. it is critical for decisionmakers to develop an emotional reaction to unhealthy design that is on par with their visceral reaction when they see a mother smoking near her child or when they encounter a polluted river.” If we look upstream beyond managing chronic illness to participate in a health-creation society. Variety: Does the design provide visual interest and support diverse activities? 4. suburbs. In essence.. lead the Quest for a health-creation society aBoVe byaNymeasure. monotonous sheds).
Books reVieWed BY BREndAnCoRMiERAndiAnChodikoff Body heat: the story of the Woodward’s redevelopment EditedbyRobertEnright. 2010. such a complex group of public and private interests have succeeded in turning around one of Canada’s poorest postal codes with a large-scale urban project intended as a catalyst for change— the recently completed Woodward’s mixed-use redevelopment in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. Project contributions are equally stimulating. which was eventually completed in 2010. the Woodward’s flagship store on Hastings Street finally closed its doors in 1993. art and theatre facilities for Simon Fraser University. Woodward’s was “the perfect storm of architectural capacity. the publication aims to document overlooked issues at the intersection of architecture. and Mason White discusses an alternative reading of architecture as a “productive surface. Guided by architect Gregory Henriquez of Henriquez Partners Architects. sealing the fate of its Downtown Eastside urban context which had already been deteriorating for several years. told through an insightful collection of 23 essays documenting one of the most socially and culturally sensitive Canadian urban redevelopment projects in recent memory. and 536 market condos. Economic and social problems manifested by drug use. a choice that seems to ride the current zeitgeist of architectural speculation and popular interest in food production methods.” First opened in 1903. Natalie de Vries of MVRDV reflects on her firm’s past farming projects. a crane operator.Vancouver:Blueimprint. environment and digital culture. a richly illustrated account of the redevelopment process leading toward its realization. making it an essential read for anyone looking to probe the limits of architectural-agricultural speculation. By 2007. combines and sequence—each is concluded by a member of the editorial board with an essay tying that theme into a greater historic architectural context. The story has been brought to life with Body Heat: The Story of the Woodward’s Redevelopment. demands. prostitu- tion.” Maya Przybylski’s essay is especially illuminating as it places into proper context the full significance of Stewart Brand’s Whole Earth Catalog. Hilberseimer and Branzi. Divided into six themes—seeding. By 2004. along with Henriquez Partners Architects. the site was purchased by a developer in 1995 who immediately sold the attached parking garage to the City and made a failed attempt to build 400 market condos. political will. Bc It demands a great deal of effort.Barcelona:ACTAR. Westbank Projects Corporation and Petersen Investment Group. shops. allotments. This marked the beginning of a series of events that coincided with the creation of the Woodward’s Cooperative Housing Society. client commitment and—unquestionably—historical moment. The closing interview with Gregory Henriquez reinforces the role of his practice as a facilitator and negotiator for achieving socially responsible architecture. Other voices represented include municipal leaders. Charles Waldheim looks back on three seminal urban-agrarian visions by Wright. hybrids. housing experts. and Craig England debuts his farm-planning tool FoodMatrix. were selected to redevelop the block. The book’s odd title is derived from an expression used by Henriquez at the outset of his involvement in the project. designers and academics. As architect and educator Chris Macdonald describes it. Ryan Lingard puts forth a beautiful piece waxing poetic on the evolution of a poplar farm in Oregon. Bracket [on Farming] EditedbyMasonWhiteandMayaPrzybylski. Body Heat’s collection of interviews and photo essays include many of the individuals involved in the project—from developer Ian Gillespie to Kevan Losch. a simple series of flash cards which describe different crop yields. construction began on the one-millionsquare-foot redevelopment comprising 200 units of low-cost housing. Robert Enright 03/11canadian architect 33 . inputs and outputs. more failed real estate proposals and further protests. social activists. Bracket is a new yearly publication put together by Archinect and InfraNet Lab and published by Actar. After the defunct department store’s imposing building was abandoned. heart and soul from a diverse range of people to improve a neighbourhood. municipal and federal government offices. Neeraj Bhatia and others present an adjustment strategy for the typical Chinese urban village. homelessness and declining commercial activity was increasingly prevalent in the area. Bracket [On Farming] is thorough. yield. community support. Composed of a diverse and changing editorial board coupled with globally sourced contributions from architects. diverse and insightful. The inaugural issue’s theme is farming. and consultants who dedicated countless hours to the project.2010.
00 CHUCK EASTMAN • PAUL TEICHOLZ • RAFAEL SACKS • KATHLEEN LISTON Available wherever books are sold and online. and offers guidelines for assessment. essays by Bruce Kuwabara.” This book is a rare document that gives a voice to countless individuals responsible for bringing new life to an old neighbourhood. ic Completely Updated to Current Practice and Technology. ic Grounded: the Work of Phillips Farevaag smallenberg EditedbykeltyMckinnon. The first issue that comes to mind is the realization that relatively few landscape architecture firms consistently produce highly designed and technically complex projects in Canada compared to the number of architecture firms practicing today. 978-0-470-54137-1 | Cloth | April 2011 | 632 pages | $102. To deepen the understanding of the complementarities and commonalities. business process discussion of each of the major professional groups in AECO. As for the discussions relating to landscape urbanism. most architects tend to look skyward at the many high-rise developments in Vancouver over the past two decades. educators. adoption. please visit www. and students to engage in discussions about the many issues with respect to implementing and transitioning to BIM. contractors and sub-contractors. Other contributors. and Grounded clearly illustrates this point. Their work critically defines the historical and cultural characteristics of place. There are several issues which become apparent when reading Grounded. Kelty McKinnon. going to the bank or drugstore. SECOND EDITION BIM Handbook A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners. such as Richmond City Hall and the restoration of the Vimy Memorial in France. Langara College and the forthcoming Cates Park/ Whey-ah-Wichen Park illustrates a far more complex relationship between cultural and climatic aspects of the West Coast and Vancouver’s urbanity than what many architects in BC often fail to achieve.wiley. watching a film. Rafael Sacks. out and through both public and private spaces taking into account such considerations as shade. It includes real world case studies identifying both the benefits and successes of BIM. and use. the eye is only able to perceive either figure or ground at any one time.Vancouver:Blueimprint. and Contractors BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners. For more Wiley architecture titles. Engineers. hanging out.000 people a day doing any number of unexceptional things: attending classes. Body Heat is a narrative of conventional urban life. Engineers. The BIM Handbook combines in-depth technical background. the skill sets of landscape architects are considerably different than those of architects. PFS exemplifies what it means to engage with the city while understanding its formal and ecological components. yet PFS’s work on Coal Harbour. Studying the variety of public landscapes that PFS has completed over its nearly 20-year history is astounding. an overview of the work of Vancouver-based Phillips Farevaag Smallenberg (PFS). provide words of wisdom from an esteemed peer and mentor respectively. Designers. such as Michael Van Valkenburgh and Douglas Paterson. Managers. Designers. A second issue that surfaces in the book is the way in which PFS’s work represents a highly unassuming yet effective response to both Vancouverism and landscape urbanism—“coined terms” whose continued mention in the design profession and popular press in recent years has grown tiresome. When it comes to Vancouverism. Clearly. Kathleen Liston The BIM Handbook presents the technology and processes behind BIM to aid architects. The firm’s own approach to landscape urbanism moves people in. shopping. To wit: Toronto’s Sherbourne Park.explains Henriquez’s view that “body heat” is “5. one of this country’s most highly recognized landscape architecture firms. One occludes the other. Paul Teicholz.ca/architecture 34canadian architect03/11 . 2010. architecture and landscape architecture need each other to flourish. landscape is illegible—its spatial qualities dependent on its circumscription. construction and facility owners (AECO). and study questions for professionals. never simultaneously. As demonstrated by Rubin’s vase (the famous double image of a black vase and two white faces). seating and the precise deployment of trees and plantings necessary for order and layering. Grounded editor and senior landscape architect at PFS explains: “Without architecture. As simple a lesson as it might seem. it is a story of living and working in a neighbourhood. and Contractors Second Edition Chuck Eastman. engineers.” Indeed. Managers. Learning about and appreciating these differences through the work of PFS and their collaborators is extremely enlightening. Ken Greenberg and Julian Smith demonstrate the respect and collegiality amongst colleagues who have worked with PFS.
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mcgill. partners: archi tecture in Los Angeles takes place at 6:00pm in Room G10 of the MacdonaldHarrington Building at McGill University. www. a new nonprofit contempor ary art exhibition centre housed in a restored historic building in Lon don. www. Marcelo Spina of Patterns Architecture in Los Angeles speaks at 7:00pm at the Uptown Stage and Screen in Calgary. Suite 800. Toronto. www. Rather like painting. 2011 This lecture takes place at 6:30pm in Room 100 of the Math ematics Building at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.takes place at the Gladstone Hotel Café in Toronto. 2011 New Yorkbased David Owen. www. engages in a conversation with Margaret Zeidler.com March 28. www. and Derek Lee of the PWL Partnership. founder and president of Urbanspace Property Group in Toronto. 2011 As part of the Bult haupsponsored lecture series. princi pal of Atelier Hitoshi Abe in Sendai/ Los Angeles and chair of the UCLA Department of Architecture and Urban Design.ca FormoreinFormationabout these. in Toronto delivers this lecture at 6:30pm at the Daniels Faculty of Architecture.canadianarchitect. 2011 Celebrate spring with fresh handmade Cana dian collections by 450 artisans and designers at the One of a Kind Spring Show.daniels. 2011 As part of Carleton University’s Forum Lecture Series. New Types Environmental Design. Craig Dykers of Snøhetta delivers a lecture at 6:00pm at the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa. Landscape and Design at the University of Toronto. One of a Kind Spring Show March 21. date O Cheque (payable to Canadian Architect) O Visa O AMEX O MC No Name on card O Yes! I would like to subscribe/renew to Canadian Architect O 1 year $53.pleasevisit www.95 (+GST/HST/QST) O 2 years $85.andadditionallistingsoFCanadianandinternationalevents. Low-Energy Landscapes: Teaching and Learning with Low-Energy Buildings and Landscapes March 29. and reveals her re worked remnants of industrial wool felt from her studio production into this series of quilts.oneofakindshow. 2011 This lecture by Wes Jones of jones. 2011 Hitoshi Abe. www.gladstonehotel.utoronto. E-mail Signature Title Prov. delivers this lecture at 6:00pm at UBC Robson Square in Vancouver. Ste phen Teeple of Teeple Architects Inc.ca/bulthaup_ spring_2011_lecture_series Craig Dykers lecture Ten.evds.95 (+GST/HST/QST) O 1 year U. Wes Jones: SouperGreen March 23. the artist arranges the pieces in relation to one another. the founding director of Raven Row.ucalgary.ca/architecture/lectures/ March 30-April 3.95 (US funds) Type of business: O Professional Engineers O Registered Architect O Interior Designer O Student of Architecture/Design O Specification Writer O Landscape Architect O Developer/Builder O Architectural Technologist O Graduate/Intern/Arch/Arch Asst O Other (please specify) ______________________________ To order on-line go to www. taking place at the Direct Energy Centre in Toronto.S.canadianarchitect. delivers this lecture at 8:00pm at the Playhouse Theatre in Vancouver. making choices of form and colour.prefix. Jo Wright of Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios.com Name Company Address City Tel.com Marcelo Spina lecture April 7. staff writer at The New Yorker and author of Green Metropolis. and features Patrick Bellew of Atelier April 7.com Why Manhattan is the Greenest City in North America Stephen Teeple: Recent Works March 22. 2011 As part of the Design Matters lecture series hosted by the University of Calgary’s Faculty of 12 Concorde Place.com 03/11CANADIAN ARCHITECT 37 . Alex Sains bury.95 (US funds) O 1 year International $123. 2011 Taking place at 7:30pm at the Prefix Institute of Contem porary Art in Toronto. $103. Nick Sully and Alec Smith of SHAPE Architecture. over the course of building the whole.canadianarchitect. Fax Postal code Date Exp.com Inquiries at email@example.com Alex Sainsbury and Margaret Zeidler in conversation March 17. ON M3C 4J2 Subscribe/Renew Today! Please mail or fax your order to 416-510-6875 www.
and an emphasis on dense downtown living. has seen a substantial drop in annual attendance over the last decade. in consultation with Jane Jacobs. Harbour City was a master plan commissioned by the provincial government and designed by Craig. loCated west of toronto’s downtown.000 residents. And so a look at Harbour City is particularly illuminating. she lauded the project as “probably the most important advance in planning for cities that has been made this century. It was ironically shelved by some of Jacobs’s most fervent supporters. the development contains several urban design elements that are still used today. Not surprisingly. and that it would increase pollution in the lake. Its failure has meant that the waterfront area around Ontario Place has remained without a significant residential base. Both cities are explicitly referenced in the plan documents. creating a water city similar to Venice or Amsterdam. The vision for the plan consisted of dig- ging up parts of the island and filling in sections of the lake to form a series of canals and bays. ontario plaCe opened and remains tHe only portion of tHe sCHeme tHat was ever built. an open-air forum and a marina. the world’s first IMAX theatre. with the closing of the Island Airport nowhere in sight. Modernist anachronisms aside. issued a Request for Information to gather innovative ideas to re-energize the waterfront around Ontario Place. many people have suggested looking to the past to better understand the architectural zeitgeist that influenced its development. the development was a chance to put into practice many of the principles that Jane Jacobs had laid out in her book. an agency of the Ministry of Tourism and Culture. including the fine-grained mixture of building footprints. However. text photo brendan Cormier Zeidler partnersHip arCHiteCts This summer. including Mayor David Crombie and Councillor John Sewell because of growing public concern that the development would necessitate the construction of the Spadina Expressway. In thinking about the future of Ontario 38 canadian architect 03/11 Place. The plan was also intended to be fully integrated with public transit. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. It represented a strategy to repurpose the island airport adjacent to Ontario Place by turning it into a new waterfront community of 60. Hans Blumenfeld and others. In fact. Reacting to concerns about high-rise development at the time. we will never be able to fully judge the plan’s merits because it was never realized.000 people. Harbour City was an expression of the Province’s vision to have Torontonians living by the lake. ca Brendan Cormier is part of the Toronto-based research and design collective called the Department of Unusual Certainties. the plan proposed to be a horizontal groundscraper—a low-rise development that people could travel across using horizontal elevators. Some have suggested that a residential strategy might be what Ontario Place needs to regain its former glory. in 1971. Harbour City was initially ConCeived as a 735-aCre Community Housing 60. waterways and Canals providing a range of Housing and serviCes. the opportunity for a coordinated vision such as Harbour City may be lost. The iconic Toronto waterfront park. Traffic was strictly separated from pedestrian activity and buildings were planned to straddle the street. which opened in 1971. the Ontario Place Corporation.” Unfortunately. consists of a five-pod pavilion. perhaps contributing to the development’s attendance problems. . Zeidler & Strong. clever parking solutions.backpage harbour city revisited LeFt Harbour City was designed as a City of islands.
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