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EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK
SUB.CODE YEAR : EC1015 : IV SUB.NAME : SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SEMESTER

UNIT-I

PART-A (2 Marks)

1. What are the major regions are classified the world for frequency planning? 2. How many broadcasting services provided in satellite? 3. What is meant by distance insensitive? 4. List out the coverage area for INTELSAT? 6. State Keplers first law.

7. State Keplers second law. 9. Define apogee and perigee. 10. Define prograde orbit and retrograde orbit. 11. Define ascending node and descending node. 12. Explain right ascension of ascending node. 13. Define true anomaly and mean anomaly. 14. What is meant by argument of perigee? 15. List out the keplerian elements. 16. What are the quantities involved for determination of look angles? 17. Define sidereal time.

8. State Keplers third law.

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5. What are the classify the Domsats in terms of power?

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OVERVIEW OF SATELLITE SYSTEMS, ORBITS AND LAUNCHING METHODS

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EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION

PART-B 1. (a) Explain about frequency allocations for satellite services. (b) Explain about U.S Domsats. present. 3. What is meant by polar orbiting and explain in details. artificial satellites orbiting the earth. earths equatorial plane. observers horizon plane. (10) (6) (16 ) (16)

2. Discuss briefly the development of INTELSAT starting from the 1960s through the

4. State Keplers three laws of planetary motion. Illustrate in each case their relevance to (16) 5. Explain in detail about geocentric-equatorial coordinate system which is based on the

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(16)

6. Explain in detail about topocentric-horizon coordinate system which is based on the (16) (16) 7. Explain in detail about various measure of time.

GEOSTATINARY ORBIT AND SPACE SEGMENT

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

What are the three conditions are required for an orbit to be geostationary? Find height of geostationary orbit based on aE and aGSO. What is meant by look angles how to classify it. Define elevation angle. Define azimuth angle. What are the three pieces of information needed to determine the look angles for the

geostationary orbit? What is meant by polar mount antenna? Define geosynchronous. What is meant by the geostationary orbit? How do the geostationary orbit and a geosynchronous orbit differ? Why satellites to carry batteries in addition to solar-cell arrays? What is meant by satellite attitude? Define the terms roll, pitch and yaw.

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UNIT-II

PART-A ( 2 Marks)

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EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. What is meant by the term despun antenna? Define nutation dampers. Define momentum bias and reaction wheel. Describe the east-west and north-south station keeping maneuvers required in satellite station keeping. What is meant by thermal control and why this is necessary in a satellite? What are the functions carried out in TT&C? What is meant by transponder? What is meant by redundant receiver? What is meant by frequency reuse?

Define attenuators and explain its classification. satellite. Why TWTAs widely used? What is meant by slow wave structure? List out the advantages are TWT.

Describe the function of the input demultiplexer used aboard a communication

Define saturation and compression point. Define input back off.

What is meant by intermodulation distortion? Define diplexer and orthocoupler.

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1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Explain in detail about antenna look angles and the polar mount antenna. Explain about Earth eclipse of satellite and sun transit outage. Explain about launching orbits.

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PART-B

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(16 ) (16) (16) (16) (16 ) (16) (16) (16) (16 )

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control.

Explain what is meant by satellite attitude, and briefly describe two forms of attitude

Draw the block diagram of TT&C and explain each and individual blocks. a communication satellite. Explain about wideband receiver and advanced Tiros-N spacecraft. Describe briefly the antenna subsystem and Anik-E. Explain in detail about thermal control and Morelos.

Describe briefly the most common type of high-power amplifying device used aboard

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EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION

UNIT-III
EARTH SEGMENT AND SPACE LINK

PART-A ( 2 Marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. What is meant by DBS service? How does differ from the home reception of satellite TV signals in the C band? What is meant by polarization interleaving? What is meant by master broadcast quality signals? What are the difference between DBS TV and conventional TV? feeder cable.

Why the LNA in a satellite receiving system is placed at the antenna end of the What is meant by single carrier per channel?

In most satellite TV receivers the first IF band is converted to a second, fixed IF. Why is this second frequency conversion required? List out the comparison between MATV and CATV. Define EIRP. Define receiver feeder losses. What is meant by the term redundant earth station?

What is meant by antenna pointing loss?

Write the equation for clear-sky losses and explain each term. What is meant by noise power spectral density? What is meant by intermodulation noise? How to broadly classify the antenna noise and explain. What is meant by antenna noise temperature? What is meant by amplifier noise temperature? What is meant by system noise temperature? What is meant by noise factor? Write the equation for system noise temperature. Define saturation flux density. Define apparent absorber temperature. Define quantum efficiency and responsivity. What is meant by excess noise factor?

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EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION PART-B

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Describe and compare the MATV and CATV systems. How to classify the system noise temperature and explain in detail about all. Explain about uplink satellite circuit. Explain about downlink satellite circuit. Describe briefly about the rains effects. Explain about inter-satellite link. home TV systems

(16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16)

Write the relevant expression and explain in detail about transmission losses. (16)

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With the aid of a block schematic, briefly describe the functioning of the receive only (16)

UNIT-IV

PART-A ( 2Marks)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Distinguish between preassigned and demand assigned traffic in relation to a satellite communications network. What is meant by thin route service? access?

What is meant by centrally controlled random access and distributed control random Explain the word spade. Define the term power-limited and bandwidth limited operation. What is meant by demand assignment signaling and switching? What are the advantages of TDMA over FDMA? Define the term burst and frame. Define burst rate and average bit rate. What do you meant by guard time? Explain carrier and bit-timing recovery. Explain burst code word. Define the term preamble and postamble. What is meant by burst position acquisition and burst position synchronization? What is meant by adaptive open loop timing? Explain the term lookback.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

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What is meant by single access?

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SATELLITE ACCESS

EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. Define the terms miss probability and probability of false alarm. Define satellite channel and satellite channels. What is meant by digital speech interpolation and digital Noninterpolated? What is meant by telephone load activity factor and digital speech interpolation? What is meant by spread spectrum multiple access? What is meant by direct sequence spread spectrum? Define maximal sequence? List out the advantages of CDMA over FDMA and TDMA. Define throughput efficiency. PART-B List out the advantages of CDMA in terms of VSAT.

1.

Explain what is meant by single access in relation to a satellite communications network. Give an example of the type of traffic route where single access would be used. (16) (16)

2. 3. 4. 5.

Explain in detail about FDMA, and show how this differs from FDM. preassigned SCPC network.

Explain what the abbreviation SCPC stands for. Explain in detail the operation of a (16) (16 ) Explain in detail the operation of the spade system of demand assignment. What is the function of the function of the common signaling channel? transmission bit rate is related to the input bit rate. Describe the general operating principles of a TDMA network. Show how the (16 ) Explain the need for reference burst and preamble and postamble in a TDMA (16) (16)

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Explain in detail about network synchronization with neat sketch.

Define and explain the terms carrier recovery, traffic data, frame efficiency and channel capacity. (16 )

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Discuss briefly how demand assignment and preassignment may be implemented in TDMA network. What are the advantages of TDMA over FDMA in this respect? (16)

10. 11.

Explain in detail about speech interpolation and prediction. Explain in detail about satellite switched TDMA.

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EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION 8. 9. Describe briefly about on board signal processing for FDMA/TDM operation. Describe in your own words how signal acquisition and tracking are achieved in a DS/SS system. And also derive the expression for maximal sequence. 10. (16 ) Explain in the principle behind spectrum spreading and dispreading and how this is used to minimize interference in a CDMA system. And also determine the throughput efficiency of the system. (16 )

UNIT-V

DIRECT BROADCAST SATELLITE SERVICES

PART-A ( 2Marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

What do you mean by direct broadcasting satellite services? Define DTH. Expand the term RARC and ISO/IEC.

How many MPEG standards available now. What is meant by chroma sub sampling? What is meant by spatial frequency? Draw the diagram of MPEG-2 sub sampling. What is meant by masking in the context of audio compression? Define temporal masking and frequency masking? Expand the terms MPEG, ITU, AVC and CCIR? What is meant by fidelity range extension? Define ideal parabolic surface in terms of rms.

14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

What is meant by microsat?

List out the modes of operation in Radarsat-2. What is meant by earth-centered, earth-fixed coordinate system? What does the term dilution of precision refer to? What does the term position dilution of precision factor of refer to? Define GPS time. Expand the terms GSM, GPS, orbcomm, GCC, NCC, GES, and OSC.

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EC1015-SATELLITE COMMUNICATION PART-B

1. 2. 3.

Describe briefly the video compression process used in MPEG-2. Explain about indoor and outdoor unit of home receiver. digital television.

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Explain about frequencies and polarization, transponder capacity and bit rates for Explain in detail about satellite mobile services. find widest application. and why the Radarsat follows such on orbit.

4. 5.

Describe the operation of typical VSAT system. State briefly where VSAT systems (16) Describe the main features of Radarsat. Explain what is meant by dawn to dusk orbit

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Explain why a minimum of four satellites must be visible at an earth location utilizing the GPS system for position determination. What does the term dilution of precision refer to? (16 ) Describe the main features and services offered by the orbcomm satellite system. How do these services offered by geostationary satellites and terrestrial cellular systems? (16 )

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