You are on page 1of 9

The following is a glossary of commonly used Islamic terms and their translations and meanings in English.

It is incomplete right now and I will continue editing it soon InshaaAllaah.

An ( - )The Call to Prayer

The An is one of the most recognisable and apparent symbols of Islm. Prior to every one of the 5 daily prayers the muain (see muain) makes this call to prayer to inform the believers that the time for prayer has come. This An is made either from the inside or the outide of the masjid or also from atop of the minaret. The wording of the An is as follows in Arabic (with transcription and English translation below each line): Arabic Allhu Akbar (x4) English God is greater (than all things) Ash-hadu al-l ilha ill-Allh (x2) I testify that there is no god but Allh Ash-hadu anna Muhammad-rasl-ullh (x2) I testify that Muhammad is Allhs Messenger Hayya alas-Solh (x2) Hasten towards the Prayer Hayya al al-falh (x2) Hasten towards Success Allhu Akbar-ullhu Akbar (x2) God is greater (than all things) L ilha ill-Allh There is no god but Allh

Ajb ( - )Strange/Amazing Akh ( )Brother

Akh is the Arabic term for brother. This may be used for ones brother in family, or also for ones brother in Islm. Akh means my brother and is commonly used as a term of endearment when addressing another Muslim. (See also Ukht) A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. (Narrated in Sahh al-Bukhr)

Al- ( )The

Al is a prefix to Arabic words which acts as the definite article. It works in the same way as the English word the except that it becomes part of the word rather than a seperate word. As such it is usually represented when transcribing into English as being part of the word or joined by a hyphen to the word. The Arabic word for the moon would be Al-Qamr or alternatively Alqamr. The prefix Al changes according the the letters before and after it due to the rules of the Arabic language. The most noticeable change is when the second letter changes by borrowing the sound of the letter following it. This happens when the word Al is followed by what are called the Sun Letters, these are half of the letters of the Arabic alphabet, the other half are called Moon Letters. The reason for this naming is an example of the way the rule works. When the word Al is followed by the word shams (sun) it becomes Ash-Shams, however as shown above, when it is followed by qamr (moon) it stays as Al-Qamr. Due to this rule you will find words such as An-Nabi, At-Tawbah, Ad-Dar, As-Salam where the letter l in Al is replaced by the letter following it. The following letters are known as the Moon Letters and the Al- does not change: (which correspond to the following in Latin script b j h kh ` gh q k l m n w y) And the following are the Sun Letters and the Al- changes according to the letter following it: (which correspond to the following in Latin script t th d r z s sh s d t dh n)

Al-khirah ( )The Hereafter/The Afterlife

This may be Jannah (Paradise) or the Nr (Hellfire) depending on ones Judgment from Allh.

lim ( )A scholar

lim literally means One who knows and is referred to as such for their knowledge in Islmic fields. It comes from the word ilm (knowledge). The plural form of the word is Ulam

Al-amdulillh ( ) Praise be to God

All the praises and thanks be to Allh (God), the Lord of the lamn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). [Al-Ftihah 1:2]

Allh ( )God

'Allah' written in Arabic script Allh is the name of God in the Arabic language. The word is a contraction of the Arabic term al-ilh which means the (one) god. Allh is the term used by all Arabic speakers to refer to God irrespective of their religion, so Jews and Christians alike also use the name Allh to refer to God when speaking in Arabic.

Allhu Akbar ( ) God is greater

The phrase Allhu Akbar in Arabic uses the comparative from of the word kabr ( )which means great. The literal translation means God is greater, however the sentence may seem to be incomplete as it doesnt state which object it is that Allh is being compared to (usually a sentence would continue Allhu akbar min.. Allh is greater than.., this however implies that Allh is greater than all things, no matter what they may be. As such the word akbar takes on the role of the superlative, and may be translated as greatest and as such Allhu Akbar can mean God/Allh is the greatest. The phrase is referred to in Arabic as the Takbr.

Allh ul-Mustan ( ) God (alone) is the one whom is sought for help Aqd - ( - )Covenant Aqdah ( )Creed/Core belief

Link - What is Aqeedah?

Astaghfirullh ( ) I Ask forgiveness of Allh

This is a phrase often used by Muslims, it is essentially a du (see Du) by which a Muslim asks forgiveness of God. This phrase is an example of istighfr.

yah ( *)Verse

yah is usually used to refer to a verse from the Qurn, however it may mean any verse in general. yah may also mean a sign (from God) and is used in the Qurn in this context.

The plural of yah is yt *An alternate Arabic spelling is

Azza wa Jall ( ) Barakah ( - )Blessing Bayah ( - )Pledge of Allegiance

The bayah is a pledge of allegiance given to a leader. This pledge was given by the sabah to the Prophet Muammad, and later to the Righteous Khalifas. This pledge necesitates that those giving the pledge will obey and follow the one whom the pledge is made to. Indeed, God was pleased with the believers when they gave their Bayah to you (O Muammad) under the tree, He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down As-Saknah (calmness and tranquillity) upon them, and He rewarded them with a near victory. [Qur'n 48:18] Link - To whom should bayah (allegiance) be given? Ad-Dajjl ( ) The Antichrist/False Messiah Links Who is the Dajjaal, Various Fatwa related to the Dajjl Daf ( )Weak Daf may refer to a physical weakness though in Islamic texts it is used to refer to a narration or report that is lacking in its verifiable authenticity. A weak Hadith for example may be a Hadith that has been narrated by an untrustworthy narrator, or it may be unverifiable and therefore may be classed as weak by the scholars of Hadith. A weak Hadith may not necessarily mean that it is incorrect or fabricated, but rather that it cannot be verified to be authentic due to any number of issues. Dr ( - )Home/Abode Dawah ( )Proselytism/Inviting to Islm ikr ( - )Remembrance Dn ( )Religion The word Dn most closely corresponds to the English word religion. Islam for example is considered as a religion in English and a Dn in Arabic, the same with Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism etc. The word Dn however also can be used to describe other groups which are nonfaith based. Communism for example can be referred to as a Dn, so could atheism. Many

translators like to describe a Dn as a way of life, any system which a person follows or bases their actions upon. The word Dn also means judgment as is used in the term Yawm ud-Dn, the Day of Judgment. This alternate meaning also helps to understand better the first meaning of religion/way of life. Any system a person devises, even if done by ones self to judge the way they think or act can be a Dn. In the semetic languages the word dn (or the verb D-N) can also mean Law. The Hebrew name Daniel is comprised of 2 words Dani El, translated as My Judge is God, so we see that the concept of dn means that one would be judged by certain laws which they should follow. Those laws whatsoever they may be become the persons Dn. Du ( - )Supplication/Prayer Du is worship. (Sa al-Jmi #3407) Ad-Duny ( )The World Fatw ( )Ruling Fiqh ( )Jurispredence Gharb ( )Strange Al-Ghayb ( - )The Unseen Ghbah ( )Backbiting adth ( )ajj ( )Pilgrimage. all ( )Permissible. aqq ( )Truth. arm ( )Impermissible. aram ( )Sanctuary ijb ( )Islamic clothing regulations ikmah ( )Wisdom.

Ibdah ( )Worship/Servitude Ibls ( )Satan mn ( )Faith/Belief Injl ( )The Gospel of Jesus Inn lillhi wa inn ilayhi rjin ( ) Verily, to Allh we belong, and to Him we return Those who, when afflicted with calamity, say: Verily! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return (Al-Baqarah 2:156) Ilm ( )Knowledge md ( )Column/Pillar In sh Allh (- ) If God has willed Islm ( ) Islam Istighfr Seeking forgiveness Jamah ( - )Congregation Janzah ( )Funeral Jannah ( )Paradise Jayyid ( )Good Jazkum Allhu Khayran ( ) May Allah reward you with good Jihd ( )Jihad Jinn ( )Demon/Evil spirit. Jumuah ( - )Friday Literally it means the day of gathering. Unlike the other days of the week which are named for their numerical order, Friday is named after the congregational prayer (Slt ul-Jumuah) which occurs on this day and is compulsory for all male Muslims to attend.

Juz ( )Portion (of the Qurn) Khalfah ( )Caliph Kufr ( )Disbelief L awla wa L Quwwata Ill Billh ( ) L ilha ill-Allh ( ) There is no god but Allh Madnah ( )City Mahab ( )School of Islamic jurispredence Makkah ( - )Makkah (Mecca) Malikah ( )Angels Muain (( )see An) Musbah ( )Catastrophe Mus-af ( )Manuscript/Book Nab ( )Prophet An-Nr ( - )Hell/Hellfire An-Nr literally means The Fire and as such refers to the fire of Hell. Nik ( )Marriage Niyyah ( )Intention Qabr ( )Grave Al-Quds ( )Jerusalem Al-Quds literally means The Holy (city). Jerusalem was the home of many of the Prophets of Islm (such as Moses and Jesus). Jerusalem is viewed by many as being the 3rd holiest city in the world, after Makkah and Madinah. Al-Quds is also referred to as Bayt al-Maqdis or Bayt al-Muqaddas, both of which refer to the city as being the house of holiness. These are synonomous with variant names for the city in Hebrew HaKodesh and Beit HaMikdash Qurn ( )Quran/Koran Rad Allhu Anhu ( ) May Allah be pleased with him/Allah is pleased with him

Rasm ( )Orthography Rasl ( )Messenger Rib ( - )Interest/Usury Rukn ( - )Pillar Sadaqah ( )Charity Saabh ( )Companions of the Prophet Muammad Sa ( )Authentic As-Salaf us-Sli ( ) The Righteous Predecessors Slh ( )Prayer Salm ( )Peace As-Salmu Alaykum ( ) May Peace be upon you Wa Alaykum as-Salm () wa Rahmatullhi wa Baraktuhu Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam - May the Blessings and Peace of God be upon him Sawm ( )Fasting Shahdah ( )Testimony/Declaration Sharah ( )Islamic Law Shaykh ( )Sheikh Shaytn ( )Satan/Devil Shirk ( )Polytheism Sihr ( )Witchcraft/Sorcery Subn Allh ( ) Glory be to God Subnahu wa Tala ( ) Glorious and Exalted is He

Srah ( )Chapter (of the Qurn) Tablgh ( )Conveying Takbr ( )The utterance of Allhu Akbar When one says this it is known as the Takbr. A single utterance of it alone is referred to as a Takbrah ( .)The initial takbr of the prayer is referred to as the Takbrat ul-Irm (.) Taqld ( )Imitation Taqwa ( )Piety Tawd ( )Monotheism Tawrh ( )Torah Tayyib ( )Good/Pure Ukht ( )Sister Ummah ( )Nation Umrah ( )Lesser Pilgrimage Urf ( )Custom Usl ( )Foundations Al-Wal wal-Bar ( ) Allegiance and Disavowal Wal ( )Protector Waqf ( )Endowment Wud ( )Ablution Yawm al-Qiymah ( ) The Day of Resurrection Zabr ( )Psalms Zin ( )Fornication/Adultery