Sagittarius 1: A Grand Army of the Republic campfire

T h e w o r d g r a n d de s c e n d s f r o m t he A n g l o - F r e n c h gra un t w h i c h d e s ce n d s f r o m t h e L a t i n gran di s " b i g, g r e a t , " also "full-grown.”1 T h e w o r d a r my d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( IE ) r o o t a r - w hi ch m e a n s “ t o fi t t og e t h e r . ” 2 P a r o n y ms include

a mb ry, a rm ,

a rm a da , a l a rm ,

a rm a t u re , di sa rm ,

a rm o i re ,

h a rm o n y, a rt , a rt is a n, i ne rt, i ne rt ia,
a n d a ri st o c ra t . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f t he w o r d r e p ub li c d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I E r o o t r e w h i c h m e a n s “ t o b e s t o w , e n d o w . ” P a ro n y m s i n c l u d e re ( i n r e f e re n c e t o) ,

re a l ( b e i n g o r o c c ur r i n g i n f a ct o r a ct u a l i t y ) , reb u s ( a r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f
w o r d s i n t h e f o r m o f p i c t u re s o r s y mb o l s ) , a n d re i f y ( t o r e g a r d o r t r e a t a n a b s t r a ct i o n a s i f i t h a d c on c r e t e o r m a t e r i a l e x i st e n c e ) . 3 T h e w o r d pu b li c me a n s “ p e r t a i n i n g t o t h e p e op le ” a n d d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e L a t i n

p u b l i c us a n d p o p u lu s m e a n i n g “ p e o p le . ”
T h e w o r d c a mp d e sc e n d s f r o m t h e L a t i n c a mp u s m e a n i n g “ o p e n fi e l d , l e v e l s p a c e ” , e sp e ci a l l y “ op e n sp a c e fo r m i l i t a r y e x e r c i se . ” 4 T h e t e r m w a s t r a n s f e r r e d t o n o n - m i l i t a r y se n se i n t h e m i d - 1 6 t h ce n t u ry a n d b y t h e mid-19th century also came to mean “body of adherents of a doctrine or cause.” T h e w o r d f i r e d e sce n d s f r o m t h e IE ro o t p a ewr w h i c h me a n s “ f i r e . ” 5 P a r o n y m s i n c l u d e p yre , p yro - , p yro s is , a n d rh o t i te .

1 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=grand 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 5 3 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 70 4 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=camp 5 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 61 Starling Hunter © 2011 1

TH EMES : T h r e e wo r d s a b o v e a l l r e l a t e d t o GRO UP S o r co l l e c t i on s o f p e op l e . T h e w o r d a r my m e a n s “ a la r g e b o d y o f p e op l e o r g a n i z e d a n d t r a i n e d f o r l a n d w a r f a r e ” a n d m o r e g e n e r a l l y “ a l a r g e g ro u p o f p e o p le o r g a n i z e d f o r a sp e c i f i c c a u se ” o r j u st “ a m u l t i t u d e ; a ho st . ” 6 T h e w o r d pu b li c me a n s “ t h e c o m m u n i t y o r t he p e op l e a s a w h o l e ” , “ a g r o u p o f p e op l e s ha r i n g a co m m o n i n t e r e st ” a n d “ a d m i r e r s o r f o ll o w e r s , e s p e c i a l l y o f a f a mo u s p e r s on . ” 7 F i n a l ly , t h e w o r d c amp m e a n s “ m i li t a r y s e r v i c e ; a r m y l i fe ” a n d “ a g r o u p o f p e o p l e w h o t hi n k a li k e o r s h a r e a c a u s e ; s i de . ” 8

6 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/army 7 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/public 8 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/camp Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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