Sagittarius 30: The Pope

T h e w o r d p op e de sc e n d s f r o m t h e I n d o - E u r op e a n ( I E ) r o o t p ap a w h i c h i s “ a c hi l d ’ s w o r d f o r ‘ f a t h e r ’ , a l i n g u i st i c n e a r - un i v e r s a l f o un d i n many languages.”1 Paronyms include

p a pp u s ( a m o d i fi e d c a l y x , c o m p os e d
o f s c a l e s, b r i s t le s , o r f e a t h e r li k e h a i r s , i n p l a n t s o f t h e c o m p o si t e f a m i l y , s u c h a s t he d a n d e l i o n a n d t he t h i s t le ) a n d pa pa ( f a t h e r ) . TH EMES : T he u n d e r l y i n g t h e m e he r e i s o n e o f t h e F ATHE R- F IGU RE . T h e w o r d ‘ f a t h e r ’ i t s e l f d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I E r o o t p et er - w h i ch m e a n s “ f a t he r . ”
2

I t s p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e w o r d s p a dre ,

p a te r, p a te rn a l, p at ri c i an , p at ri m o n y, p a t ron , p e re, e xp a t ri a te , go o m b a h ( a c o mp a n i o n o r
a s s o c i a t e , e s p e c i a l ly a n o l d e r f r i e n d w h o a c t s a s a p a t r o n , p r o t e ct o r , o r a d v i s e r ) , p e rpe tra t e, pa t ri o t,

a l l o p at ri c, e up a t rid ( a m e mb e r o f t he h e r e d i t a r y a ri s t o cr a c y o f a n c i e n t
A t h e n s) , p at ri a rc h, a n d s ym p at ri c. No t a b l y, s e v e ra l o f t h e s e p a r o n y m s r e f e r t o f a t h e r s a n d f a t h e r - f i g u r e s i n b o t h se c u l a r a n d r e l i g i o u s se n se s. F o r e x a mp l e , t h e w o r d p a dre i s u se d a s “ a f o r m o f a d d r e ss f o r a p r i e s t i n I t a l y , S p a i n , P o rt u g a l , a n d L a t i n A m e r i c a . ” I n f o r m a l l y i t ca n r e f e r t o a m i l i t a r y c h a p l a i n . In B r i t a i n , t he t e r m r e f e r s t o a p a r s o n . 3 A n o t h e r p a r o n y m o f ‘ f a t h e r ’ i s pa t e r , a c h i e f l y B r i t i s h w o r d f o r f a t h e r . Y e t a n o t h e r p a r on y m i s t h e w o r d p at ri a rc h w h i c h h a s a m u l t i t u d e o f r e le v a n t m e a n i n g s , a s s h o wn b e l o w :
 A man who rules a family, clan, or trib e

1 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 62 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 67 3 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/padre Starling Hunter © 2011 1

  

    

Bible: One of the antediluvian progenitors of the human race, from Adam to Noah. Roman Catholic Churc h. A bishop who holds the highest episcopal rank after the pope Eastern Orthodox Churc h. Any one of the bishops of the sees of Constantinople, Antioch, Alexandria, Moscow, and Jerusalem who has authority over other bishop s Judaism. The head of the Sanhedrin in Syrian Palestin e Mormon Church. A high dignitary of the priesthood empowered to invoke blessings One who is regarded as the founder or original head of an enterprise, organization, or traditio n A very old, venerable man; an elde r The oldest member of a group4

T h e l a s t fe w d e f i n i t i o n s re f e r t o o l d e r m e n a n d t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g s t a t u s t h a t i t e n t a i l s . R e c a l l t ha t on e o f t h e p a r o n y m s o f P o pe i s t h e w o r d

p a pp u s w h i c h i s L a t i n f o r ‘ o l d m a n ’ a n d f i g u r a t i v e l y r e f e rs t o t he
c o n d i t i on o f b e i n g “ d o w n o n ce r t a i n se e d s . ” 5

4 http://education.yahoo.com/referenc e/dictionary/entry/patriarch 5 http://www.thefreedictionary.com/pappus Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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