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What is Shot peening ?
Shot peening is a cold working process used to
produce a compressive residual stress layer and modify mechanical properties of metals. It entails impacting a surface with shot (round metallic, glass, or ceramic particles) with force sufficient to create plastic deformation. It is similar to sandblasting, except that it operates by the mechanism of plasticity rather than abrasion: each particle functions as a ball-peen hammer. In practice, this means that less material is removed by the process, and less dust created.
Shot Peening Media In this time has 5 Media of shot peening that used in markets. There are Cut wire shot Cut wire shot heat treatment Steel shot Ceramic shot Fine particle shot .
The resulting wire is then rounded to remove the sharp edges. It has many shape such as Cylindrical. . Rounded .Cut wire shot Cut wire shot is created by cutting drawn steel wire to lengths approximately the same size as the width of the wire. Spherical.
Ability to achieve the highest intensity. and hardness.Cut wire shot (Cont. Disadvantages High material cost Limited sizes . shape. More durable (longer life) than cast steel. Easiest to maintain spherical particles. and ceramic shot. Available in carbon steel and stainless steel. Produces uniform results due to its consistency in size.) Advantages Tends to wear down into smaller diameter rather than fracture into particles with sharp edges. glass.
Disadvantages It has prepared difficult more than cut wire shot.Cut wire shot heat treatment It is created like cut wire shot but bring it to heat treatment before used. . High material cost and Limited sizes. Advantages It has advantages same cut wire shot but it has more durable (longer life) than cut wire shot.
etc. . then heat treating and sieving the resulting material. Such as Cast steel beads. Hi-Carbon steel beads.Steel shot Steel shot are created by atomizing molten steel. Stainless steel beads.
) Advantages More durable (longer life) than glass and ceramic shot Available in carbon steel and stainless steel Ability to achieve the highest intensity Easiest to maintain spherical particles Disadvantages More difficult than cut wire shot to maintain spherical particles Less durable than cut wire shot High material cost .Steel shot (Cont.
there are Glass shot Zirshot Glass shot Zirshot .Ceramic shot In this days have 2 type that used.
Advantages Available in wide range of sizes Low cost material Inert material. Environmentally friendly Disadvantages More difficult than steel media to maintain spherical particles Less durable than steel and ceramic media .Glass shot Glass shot is created by atomizing molten soda lime. then sieving the resulting material. will not cause ferrous contamination or leave residue on work piece .
weak consumption rate . Smooth surface : not abrasive Round shape : high peening ability Chemically inert : no contamination High mechanical strength and hardness level : high impact efficiency.Zirshot Zirshot is ceramic shot that have compound between ZrO2 . SiO2 and Al3O2 Advantages Density in the middle of the range between glass and steel : process versatility.
) . High impact strength versus glass beads and steel beads Zirshot (Cont.
They produce no dust and keep their initail size. and they become aggressive. After 10 cycles. shape. generating dust. hardness and smoothness. but not wearing. only glass dust is remaining. Steel shot is wearing and breaking according to its hardness. . Ceramic beads are breaking into pieces. this dust is sticking to the beads. hardness and smoothness.) Glass beads explode generate dust which is sticking to the beads. shape. Hardness.Zirshot (Cont. In the meantime.
) Disadvantages High material cost Can not distort close-tolerance parts.Zirshot (Cont.  .
.Fine Particle Shot Peening (FPSP) Fine particle shot peening is fine. which can be metallic. FPSP improves fatigue strength and stress corrosion fracture resistance. Like conventional shot peening. ceramic or glass. The typical hardness of FPSP media. is 750-1000 HV. Its greatest additional benefit is that it produces a very smooth surface finish. The machine used in the process is a modified pneumatic shot peening system. powder like spherical media (20-200 µm in diameter) thrown against metal surfaces at speeds of more than 100 m/sec.
Has substantial research and quality controls to enhance its value.Fine Particle Shot Peening (Cont. Creates a pebbly surface that is advantageous in certain applications. Well-known process that is relatively inexpensive to implement. Media and equipment are readily available. Shot peening disadvantages Pebbly surface finish isn’t suitable for all applications Can distort close-tolerance parts .) Shot peening advantages Greatly improves strength and fatigue resistance.
) Fine particle shot peening advantages Improves surface hardness and wear resistance Ultra-smooth surface is ideal for bearings. Media can be difficult to use and few equipment and media manufacturers are experienced with it. Limited depth of compression might make it unsuitable for some applications.S. .seals. and Europe.Fine Particle Shot Peening (Cont. or close-tolerance areas Will not distort close-tolerance parts Will not damage soft or fragile parts Fine particle shot peening disadvantages Limited availability in U.
T. They have licensed this technology to over 130 companies and 80% of these are Japanese auto and auto part manufacturers.) In present Fuji Kihan Company and Fuji Seisakusyo Company have patented a fine particle peening process that they market to the Japanese automotive. Oguri with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries presented According to the abstract : . Inoue. It has several papers for research and development FPSP such as “Fatigue Property Enhancement by Fine Particle Shot Peening for Aircraft Aluminum Parts” by A. Sekigawa and K. Japan also has a FPSP Society.Fine Particle Shot Peening (Cont.
) Fatigue life of conventional shot peened aluminum parts was increased by several times. FPSP can improve fatigue life more than shot peening. which shows fatigue crack initiates from small flaws and laps on the surface created by shot peening.Fine Particle Shot Peening (Cont. which shows the high compressive residual stress at very near the surface and the lessroughened surface prevents crack initiation from the surface. The compressive residual stress on FPSP surface covered adequately with uniform dimples is higher than that on shot-peened surface. . while that of FPSP aluminum was increased by more than 10 times compared with that of asmachined. Fracture surface observation revealed that the fatigue crack of FPSP samples originate at the subsurface layer.
Fine Particle Shot Peening (Cont.) Life Cycle / cycle S-N Data (63 μ in finish) .
R.Reference Gillespie.Premier shot company.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shot_peening http://www. Kathy Levy . Special Application Review: Fine Particle Shot Peening. Page 4-6 http://en.Its Effect on Process Consistency and Resultant Improvement in Fatique Charateristics.D.com/Services/ShotPeeningMedia.Cleveland.com/ . Shot peening media.zirpro.org/group-Abrasive-Tools/544157/Ceramic-shot-peeningsurface-treatment.51ev.USA.Ohio.aspx http://szhlda.indmetfin. The Shot Peener Winter 2010.html http://www.