This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Lecture 3 L t Basic Overview of Using g the FLUENT User Interface
Introduction to ANSYS FLUENT
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. Release 13.0 December 2010
Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. This will greatly speed up the simulation time.0 December 2010 . parallel image) • Alternatively a distributed parallel cluster can be set up. node simulation • The mesh is automatically partitioned. All rights reserved. nodes • Running FLUENT on a single machine with multiple cores can simply be set by selecting the ‘parallel’ option on startup (see image). and the simulation run across many* machines simultaneously * FLUENT scales well. Each one of these can be a ‘node’ for the FLUENT simulation. Customer Training Material L3-2 Release 13. and simulations using several hundred nodes are not unheard of. • It is common for modern generation computers to have several processors. and different blocks of the mesh are assigned to the different compute nodes. ANSYS. and / or several compute ‘cores’ per processor.Solver Basics Parallel Processing • FLUENT can readily be run across many processors in parallel. Inc. Inc.
Inc. • Selecting an item in the tree opens the relevant input items in the center pane. Inc. L3-3 Release 13. – – – – General Models Materials Boundary y Conditions – Solver Settings – Initialization and Calculation – Postprocessing ANSYS. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS.0 December 2010 .Solver Basics FLUENT 13 GUI Navigation Customer Training Material • The FLUENT GUI is arranged such that the tasks are generally arranged from top to bottom in the project setup tree. All rights reserved.
Inc. All rights reserved.Solver Basics Mouse Functionality Customer Training Material • Mouse button functionality depends on the chosen solver (2D / 3D) and can be configured in the solver. – Right-click on the graphics display. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. L3-4 Release 13. ANSYS. or f mouse l i i for behaviour consistent with Workbench.0 December 2010 . Display Mouse Buttons… • Default settings – 2D S l Solver • Left button translates/pans (dolly) • Middle button zooms g p • Right button selects/probes – 3D Solver • Left button rotates about 2 axes • Middle button zooms – Middle click on point in screen centers point in window • Right button selects/probes • Retrieve detailed flow field information at point with Probe enabled. •U User can choose b h between classic ‘FLUENT’ settings.
– S Some advanced d d commands are only available through the TUI. Inc. ANSYS. – q moves up one level.Solver Basics Text User Interface • Most GUI commands have a corresponding TUI command.0 December 2010 . with TUI journal scripts set to automate the loading th l di / modification / solver execution and postprocessing. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. • The TUI offers many very valuable benefits: – Journal (text) files can TUI Window be constructed to automate repetitive tasks. tasks – FLUENT can be run in batch mode. Customer Training Material – Press the Enter key to display the command set at the current level. difi ti l ti d t i – Very complex models can be set using a spreadsheet to generate the TUI commands. L3-5 Release 13. All rights reserved.
Inc. Inc.dat.0 December 2010 . Calculate another 50 iterations it 50 . L3-6 Release 13. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. • Note that the FLUENT TUI accepts abbreviations of the commands for example. Calculate 50 iterations it 50 . Write data file wd example50. Exit FLUENT exit it yes ANSYS.gz .dat.Solver Basics Sample FLUENT Journal Customer Training Material • A journal file is a text file which contains TUI commands which FLUENT will execute sequentially.gz . Write another data file wd example100. All rights reserved. p p – rcd – wcd Reads case and data files Writes case and data files Sample Journal File .gz . Read case file rc example.cas. Initialize the solution /solve/initialize/initialize-flow .
however. – By default. MKS system). Customer Training Material • When importing a mesh under Workbench. ANSYS. Inc. accessed from the top menu menu. L3-7 Release 13. – If your model was not built in meters. – Any units can be specified in the Set Units panel. FLUENT uses the SI system of units (specifically. • Any “mixed” units system can be used if desired.0 December 2010 . Inc. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS.msh). scaled – Always verify that the domain extents are correct. All rights reserved.Solver Basics Scaling the Mesh and Selecting Units • When FLUENT reads a mesh file (. meters then it must be scaled. all dimensions are assumed to be in units of meters. the mesh does not need to be scaled. the units are set to the default MKS y system.
p Customer Training Material Tet/Hybrid Mesh – Disadvantages: • Cannot be adapted or converted again. All rights reserved. • Can reduce cell count significantly. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. • User has control of the conversion process. – Generate a tetrahedral mesh then convert inside FLUENT. FLUENT – Advantages • Improved mesh quality. Inc. merge and extrude to modify the mesh. L3-8 Release 13.Solver Basics Polyhedral Mesh Conversion • A tetrahedral or hybrid grid can be converted to polyhedra in the FLUENT GUI (not in the preprocessor). • Cannot use tools such as smooth. Inc. swap.0 December 2010 . • Two conversion options are available in the Mesh menu: Mesh > Polyhedra > Convert Domain – Convert all cells in the domain (except hex cells) to polyhedra • Cannot convert adaped meshes with hanging nodes Polyhedral Mesh – Convert only highly skewed cells to polyhedra Mesh > Polyhedra > Convert Skewed Cells ANSYS.
Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. L3-9 Release 13. Inc.0 December 2010 .Solver Basics Material Properties Customer Training Material • Material properties need to be defined for all fluids and solids to be simulated • The parameters asked for will depend on the models selected for the simulation • Many common materials are already defined in the ‘FLUENT Database’ and can easily be copied over to the model Note that these y values may be either: • Constants • Functions of temperature • Other built in functions following common relationships • Defined by the user in a UDF. ANSYS.
Customer Training Material ANSYS.Solver Basics Operating Conditions • The Operating Pressure with a Reference Pressure Location sets the reference value that is used in computing gauge pressures. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. Inc. All rights reserved. • The Operating Temperature sets the reference temperature (used when computing buoyancy forces). Inc.0 December 2010 . • Specified Operating y Density sets the reference value for flows with widely varying density. L3-10 Release 13.
0 December 2010 . ANSYS. and checking for convergence • Postprocessing the results.for example velocity inlet / pressure outlet / symmetry / wall) • Solver Settings (optimising settings for speed.Solver Basics Computing the Solution • The remaining steps are covered in the subsequent lectures (and the practical workshops) Customer Training Material • Setting Boundary conditions (all outer boundaries to the fluid must be prescribed . Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. L3-11 Release 13. accuracy and stability) • I iti li ti Initialisation (initial l (i iti l values f th fl fi ld) for the flowfield) • Solving the problem. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS.
All rights reserved. Proprietary © 2009 ANSYS.Appendix : Additional notes ANSYS. Inc. Inc. 3-12 April 28. 2009 Inventory #002600 .
• Material data and source terms are assigned to cell zones. – Node coordinates – Connectivity – Zone definition Customer Training Material Cell Center Node • Similar to the way geometry is defined. Inc. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. f ll ti f d d faces or cells. defined by a collection of edges The control volumes into which the domain is discretized. Node Boundary Face Edge Cell Simple 3D mesh Release 13. the domain consists only y y of the fluid region. mesh entities obey a hierarchy: – Node – Edge – Face – Cell – Z Zone Edge intersection / grid point Boundary of a face (defined by two nodes t d The boundaries of cells. L3-13 . the domain needs to include any solid parts that are present.0 December 2010 • Boundary data is assigned to face zones. – For conjugate heat transfer or fluid-structure interaction problems.Solver Basics Mesh Information and Hierarchy • All mesh information is stored in the mesh file. A collection of nodes. edges. ANSYS. All rights reserved. Cell Face Boundary Face Cell Simple 2D Mesh • The computational domain is defined by all members of the hierarchy – For fluid flow simulation only. Inc.
Mesh > Reorder > Domain Mesh > Reorder > Zones – The bandwidth of each partition in the grid can be printed for reference. All rights reserved.0 December 2010 ANSYS. . rotate.Solver Basics Reordering and Modifying the Grid Customer Training Material • The grid can be reordered so that neighboring cells are near each other in the zones and in memory – Improves efficiency of memory access and reduces the bandwidth of the computation – Reordering can be performed for the entire domain or specific cell zones. Mesh > Reorder > Domain • The f face/cell zones can also be modified by the following operations in the / f f Grid menu: – – – – – – Separation and merge of zones Fusing of cell zones with merge of duplicate faces and nodes Translate. Inc. reflect face or cell zones Extrusion of face zones to extend the domain Replace a cell zone with another or delete it Activate and Deactivate cell zones L3-14 Release 13. Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. Inc.
Proprietary © 2010 ANSYS. Interpolation data files contain discrete data for selected field variables on p particular cell zones to be written and read into FLUENT. Inc. All rights reserved. ANSYS.0 December 2010 L3-15 . or a solution interpolated from a coarse mesh to fine mesh. Release 13. a velocity profile f For l l it fil from experimental data or previous FLUENT run at an inlet. – F example. Inc. and can be both written and read in a FLUENT session. respectively. p File > Interpolate • Similarly.Solver Basics Profile Data and Solution Data Interpolation • FLUENT allows interpolation of selected variable data on both face zones and cell zones by using profile files and data interpolation files. Customer Training Material File > Write > Profile File > Read > Profile • Profile files are data files which contain point data for selected variables on particular face zones.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.