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Golf is a sport of leisure . It basically involves striking a ball as few times as possible with a set of clubs over a green course into 9, 18 or 36 holes. It excludes physical stress and allows the golfer a leisurely walk across the cushiony green subjecting him to long exposures to the fresh air and environment of the course. As a result the sport is a favorite among ladies and the old strata of society and in that sense long lasting as a hobby. Golf is an addiction. It is a passion which transcends across adolescence, youth, middle and old age. Picked up early in life, it forms an integral part of one's routine for many- many years. And yet it requires facilities which an individual can neither physically possess nor afford. Hence, it calls for a collective approach and shared ownership as members of a "club as an instrument of social interaction for all people brought together for purposes of recreation through golf at a premises for the same”. Yet this club would be
distinct from any other meant for purposes other than Golf. Even though a Golf Club may offer diverse sporting facilities it is widely different from any other sport’s club catering to tennis etc. This is owing primarily to the specific focus op Golf and demands of the sport. Even the provision for other sports in such a case remains secondary in terms of cost, design and maintenance and ancillary to the Golfing facilities. Golf Clubs,
therefore, acquire the status of a very specific subject.
Golf requires specialized equipment, large sites, high
maintenance and limited number of golfers. The restricted membership, high capital and maintenance costs have led to the segregation of Golf clubs as distinctly elite set-ups. EVOLUTION Golf courses originated and existed for some while without the need for golf pavilions. However, the popularity of the game caused golfers to formulate and observe rules and run competitions. Hence the first Golf pavilions catered to a limited number of people; providing the basic facilities of changing areas comparising lavatories, an equipment purchase area and a social area. With the steady decline of working hours in the 20th century the time available for recreation increased. More time and money is now spent on leisure and this coupled with enhanced family participation means that basic facilities would be insufficient. Golf pavilions must, therefore, cater for an extensive social side and for many sports other than golf. This would then take on the form of country clubs serving as social centres for well to do suburban residents. THE PROJECT The Kanpur Industrial Development Authority while laying down the plans for the development of Kanpur in U.P. earmarked a complete area for the purposes of a Golf Club.
The 300 acres site comprises an 18 hole golf course. The project involves the design of a club housing. 1. The Golfing facilities : Change Area Pro Shop, Snacks Bar, Caddies facilities.
These bear a relation with every inch of the Golf course and call for an integration of the whole club knitted around these facilities at the focus. 2. The Social facilitate : Lounges, Bars, Restaurants, Banquets, Cards Room, These need to account for the demands of growth and increase in numbers. 3. The Recreational facilities : Swimming, Squash, Billiards, Health club.
These must remain ancillary to the golfing requirement sand the design must ascertain that these in no way possible obstruct or hinder the primary Golfing needs. Also the additional numbers that these activities attract need to be dealt with carefully so as to avoid harm to the course. 4. The Administrative facilities : offices, Reception + Lobby Conference These must from the backbone of the club for smooth management without being unnecessarily conspicuous. The club building must be designed keeping the mind that at present it has above 2000 members (membership fees = Rs. 200 per month). This club building has an immediate context of the Golf course to sit into and must relate to the starting and ending points of any game of golf. THE CLIENT Originally the Kanpur Golf Club began with a group of connoiseurs with the course being designed and prepared by Army personnel. This club was subsequently adopted by the KIDA authorities for its recreational potentials. At present the management and set up predominantly comprises Army personnel. In terms of the specific clientele the KIDA Golf Club comes from and serves an Armed Forces' background. in addition to the flavour of
Defense Forces, the discipline of golf and the psyche of the Golfer would
influence the conceptual design. THE ISSUES The Golf Club is the only recreational area allotted for the prolific town. The development and growth of Kanpur as witnessed in the past few years and as anticipated in the future imparts a considerable prestige status to the project. Also the township of Kanpur and its need to meet the demands of urbanization and urban growth has generated a somewhat synthetic and
utilitarian environment. The Golf Club in that respect offers respite not only through its greens but also an opportunity for Architectural Prestige. This project has the potential to give to Kanpur and architectural landmark. The Golf Clubs attract a number of tourists and international delegates from Golfing nations like Japan, Korea etc. In that sense comes in the issue of National Prestige.
GOLF CLUB CASE STUDY I : DELHI GOLF CLUB
The Delhi Golf Club is the premiere Golfing club of the capital city. It is one of the oldest clubs in the country and would soon be featuring in the Guiness book for the busiest golf courses in the world. The club has for the busiest golf courses in the world. The club has a membership of over 3000. The Club was established in 1939 by the British, locating it in Lutyen's New Delhi. Its courses sprawl across 190 acres of land lying between the Zakir Hussain Marg, Golf Links, Lodhi Road and Lajpat Rai Marg. The approach to the main clubhouse lies directly off the Z.H. Marg lying adjacent to the Oberoi Hotel and Blind Relief Association on one side and Government housing across the road. The entire property of the Golf course protects in itself 80 monuments. The main club building built about 54 years ago (in 1939) was renovated in 1990-91 and another modern structure was erected for the many purposes by Architect Reena Singh. ENTRY The Club premises is entered through a set of maingates off the Zakir Husain Marg which take the visitor into the parking or to the driveway of the main clubhouse (in case of special quests). Those coming from the Nizamuddin side (i.e. those descending from the flyover) experience reasonable difficulty as the entry calls for an acute turn and conflict.
The club has a two point entry. The main formal entry to the main club building happens from the driveway. The entry for the Golfers, swimmers and administration is distinct and approached from the parking. PLANNING: The entry to the main clubhouse at the ground level takes the visitor into a foyer decorated with pictures with only a staircase going up. Upstairs one is greeted by a set of public telephone on one side and a brief foyer leading to the lounge. The entrance to the kitchen is also from this foyer. The lounge includes the reception counter and directly leads to the Bar on one side, Restaurant on the other and the Golf course beyond the lawns straight ahead. Going past the telephones, the corridor leads to set of toilets, a party room and staircase going up and down. Above on the second floor are located the ladies changes rooms, toilets, lounges, lockers and meeting room. The lockers room has a separate toilet since spikes are not permitted in the change rooms. Down below on the ground floor lie the card room and stores. The cardroom also has a direct access through a staircase and entry
from the administration, pool and Golfing sides coming down to it. The new structure, located at the informal entry point to the club houses a proshop in the front with a large store at the back.
The floor above this comprises the offices, conference and computer facilities. Directly behind lies the open air swimming pool with
seating, eating and changing facilities around it. Adjacent to this is the main Golfing block with the men's changing rooms and snack bar on the ground level and a speciality restaurant (under construction) above. Facilities : Hence we may tabulate these facilities that the club caters to as per
the location. 1. The Main Club Building : Reception + Lobby + entry foyer. Restaurant + Kitchen, Bar, Toilets, Party Room, Ladies change + Lounge, Cards Room, Stores, with open air facilities in the form of lawns overlooking the course. 2. Administrative Block : Proshop + Store, Offices, Conference Room, Computer Room 3. Golfing Block 4. 5. The Swimming Pool area The Parking : : : Snack Bar, Men's change, Restaurant. Pool, Change Rooms, Eating and Seating for over 100 cars.
Yet the club is felt to be lacking in a few facilities that might add new dimensions to it. These include:
Banquet : Though there exists a facility for Marriage parties etc. in the open air behind Proshop, an enclosed multipurpose provision is lacking & may enhance interaction with the club. Billiards : too is a game popular with the strata of society that Golf Club caters to. Lounges : especially specific areas for smokers in the vicinity of the cards rooms. Due to its absence members are seen hanging around
uncomfortably in the corridor for the sake of a smoke. Caddies facility : this at present makes do with a temporary canopy enclosing a seat and a counter. It deserves more consideration in design. Health Club : The provision may further enhance the self sufficiency of the club and privilege its members. Circulation The circulation patterns in the club are neither well defined nor well designed. These are owing either to the original and colonial design flaws or else to the later adaptations. Through the main formal entrance the member is greeted by a meagre foyer compelling him into the staircase carrying upwards and landing into a corridor from the kitchen to the toilets. The door ahead divides this corridor from the lobby and the reception thereby rendering the entry unimpressive. Beyond this point the axis from the lobby to the lawns and the greens is inviting and well maintained.
Similarly the entry from the administrative block into the clubhouse happens at the first level and carries the members down into the card room. These cards rooms are connected to the toilets and bar through a curvaceous and blind staircase. The Party room too is fucked away next to the toilets and staircase in behind the
an inconspicuous and undeservingly isolated position in terns
of circulation. The location of the ladies change rooms above these elongates the distance between them and the course. The lady golfers are made to follow a haphazard system of circulation going up and down staircases, .over carpeted or polished floors wearing Golfing spikes. Light and Ventilation The club appeared considerably well lit though it relied heavily on artificial means even during the day. The restaurant and bar overlooking the lawns on the South side basked in the ambience of the cool day light. The club on the whole has a sufficient amount of glazing. The ground floor., on the earth bermed side (i.e. the
corridor) tends to be a little dark and dingy in the absence of lighting. Also the spillover of smokers into the same, makes it a little claustrophobic. The rest of the spaces enjoy satisfactory ventilation. The ladies lounge and change rooms are desirably well lit and ventilated though the lockers room seem a bit neglected.
The administrative block enjoys generous glazing even
though it faces north. The snack bar enjoys excellent light from the south side and adequate ventilation, being semicovered.
Environment The environment of the club as a whole was quite elite, inviting and cozy at the same time maintaining a level of formality. The
decoration of the walls with little pictures and sketches give the whole place a caring touch and livened the otherwise monotonous corridors. They also lent to the spaces a very British accent. The ladies change rooms are thoughtfully designed with a little lounge, a dressing area including a relaxing couch, change rooms, toilet, lockers and a meeting room. The interior is typical of the entire club giving it a personal touch. The oriental pool and its sparkling blue water looks inviting enough for the swimmer and the non-swimmer, with its bar-becues and
cascades. The snack bar has an informal and golfing flavour about it. The whole area and the interiors resound with golf. The Delhi Golf club achieves some extremely desirable and subtle relationships in its design. Primarily the relationships of the bar and restaurant to the lobby, to the lawns and consequently to the Golf course lying on the formal axis is well achieved.
Similarly the relationship of the ladies change areas to the lounge and meeting room is extremely sensitive and exclusive. The administrative block too is well related to the club house, golf greens and entrance with unambiguous indications to a visitor. On the other hand in terms of the inter-relationships of various Golfing facilities, the club seems disastrous. The location of the ladies and men's change areas, the snack bar and the proshop in relation to the greens is totally disjointed. The general practice is that the change rooms must be located in direct contact with the greens bypassing the proshop. This is mainly due to the Golfer’s spikes. Here the ladies change, the pro-shop and the greens are separated by carpeted corridors, staircases going up and down and a path. Also the game involves long hours of standing outdoors in the sun, hence the snack bar must be in close proximity to both parts of the course (T-1 to G-9 and T-10 to G-18). This is totally absent. The swimming pool is well segregated from the rest of the club activities but lies clumsily in between the golfing facilities unnecessarily dividing them. The choice of location of the Chinese Restaurant on the first floor of the extreme block too seems questionable. Architectural Style : The Golf Club on the whole has a very British flavour expressed through the Victorian architectural style. The sloping tiled roofs, the
stone masonry, the little sketches of golfers bedecking the walls, the sofas and couches in the lounges and even the lighting fixtures reflect British parentage. The little chimney spouts of varying shapes and sizes, modern glazed windows and a collage of gable roofs create an interesting elevation. The crocking antique fans for seating around the pool emphasises the oriental edge. Among these the administrative block clearly stands out as a symbol of modernization, the present and the future. All these remain
interspersed in between the monuments dating back to the Lodhis. The Delhi Golf Club therefore reflects the co-existence and symbiosis of the past, present and future. Landscape The landscape is well designed and generously dotted with trees. The species in the lawn and at the entrance are mainly Neem, accompanied by Ashoka. The swimming pool area too has a number of bright flowered creepers beautifying the place. The lawns extending from the bar/restaurant to the
courses have a thick cover of well maintained A-quality grass potted plants and Neem trees. On the course the grass is rich and well kept. The trees are numerous and bunched into dense clusters making the atmosphere cool and conductive to play.
CASE STUDY- II : D.L.F. GOLF CLUB
D.L.F. Golf club is Situated in the D.L.F. City at Gurgaon. This city is divided in sectors. The golf club is in the 56 sector. This club is located on the side of a 60 m. Wide sector road. This club is built by D.L.F.Association.
This picture shows the entry of the golf club. There is two gates one for entry and other for exit. There are fountains infront of the gate checking room is provided between gates.
This picture shows the party area and kitchen building this area is situated building. near the main club
This picture shows the main club building of the golf course. After entering we first show the main club building. British architectural style is found in the building.. This is a three store building. Reception, pro-shops and billiards are
provided in ground floor. Bar is on the first floor cards room and QYM also provided on the first floor. Guest Room are provided on the third floor.
picture shows the practice New comer practice in
this golf course pro-shop are provided here for shoping purpose.
This picture shows the pro-shop. Which is situated at practice course. Everything related to golf is available in the pro-shop. 15
This photo shows the Badminton court and long tennis court. Long tennis court is situated between the sports complex and main cub building.
This picture shows the kit of the clubs. Kit range started from 100000.
This photo shows the swimming pool area. Swimming pool situated at the right corner of the sport complex. This is out door pool. facility is near the pool. The bar
PHOTOGRAPHS OF FAIR WAYS
This picture shows the starting point of the one fairway which is called tee.
Water fountains are
provided difference places for landscaping.
White-aged Red-laides Yellow-children.
This picture shows the green and side bunkers. Bunkers are made by sand water bodys also provided is side of fairways.
SITE LOCATION :The site is situated in residential area in kalyanpur. The site is behind I.I.T campus the site is hardly 5 km from Kanpur Commercial Center. It is 30mts drive from the Kanpur central station. The site is 3 km away from G.T.road. The total area of the site is near about 300 acore. This area comes under the K.D.A. there is 30 mts with Shivli-Kanpur Road. There is a canal on the left hand side of the site. Regarding the suitability of the site. It is away from the Hustle Bostle of the city and is easily approcable. It is best suited from the point of golf course. ABOUT CLIMATIC Climate has a dominant influence on Architecture throughout world and all through history secretes remarks about the sun which he made as the tack as 300 BC are quite well known in houses with a southern aspect of sun’s rays penetrate into the pertices in winter. But in summer the path of the sun is right over our heads and above the roofs, so that there is shade if, then. This is the best
arrangement, we should build the south side loftier to get winter sun, and north side lower to keep cut cold winds. The design and construction of human
dwellings and settlements is a region are influenced. Besides other factors. To a great extent by the climate and physical environment of the region. Climate is generally defined as the average state of weather no weather situation or weather sequence ever repeats itself exactly. The different elements of meteorological studies act simultaneously and interact with each other in a large number of ways to produce widely various climatic conditions. Climate is affected by many factors but we are interested specifically in those aspects of climatic studies which affect human comfort. They include averages, change and extremes of temperature. The temperature Humidity sky
difference between day and night temperature (Diurnal range). conditions, in coming and out going conditions (Radiations).
Rainfall and its
distribution. Air movements and special features such as trace winds. Thunder storm and hurricanes some other local factors may also influence in the design which may be such as topography of the sits, ground surface of the site and structures near the site. The prevailing climatic condition should therefore be a major factor for consideration in the design of a building to assume a reasonable degree of thermal comfort to the habitants. The task is to analyze climatic conditions and present in a form that allows him to identify features that are beneficial to the future occupants of the building.
For the process of climatic studies following steps are to be followed : Survey of climatic elements and environmental adjustments. Impact of climatic factors and evolution of each impact. Technical solution for comfort. Uninhibited areas should be placed on the west side to
baffle the impact on the sun. Compact shades are preferable yet then should be somewhat elowgated on the east-west axis. Roof should be insulated from the sun. This can be accomplished by thick insulating materials. Walls of daytime living areas should be made of heat -storing materials, East and West walls should preferably be shaded heavy masoney walls are desirable on the west and should be shaded by trees if possible. All windows, except those on the north must be shielded summer sun. White be light colours on sun exposed surfaces or use of low emissive cool colours in interiors. Buildings should be oriented on all East-West axis, lone elevations should face north and south. To reduce exposure to the sun. Buildings should be planned around small courtyards if thermal storage is required for most of the year i.e. when hot dry search is dominant. 20 from the high
Buildings should be broadly spaced for Breeze penetration as a rough guide, space between long rows of building should not be less than five times the height. Provision must be made for protection from cold or dusty hot winds. Rooms should be single banked with windows in the North or South walls to ensure air movement by ample cross-ventilation. Rooms may be double banked, but the plan should allow fee temporary cross-ventilation if wind is unreliable or site limitations restrict planning for cross-ventilation ceiling mounted fans may be considered. Openings should be medium, between 20 to 40% of the wall area. Openings in the east wall may be desirable. Where the cold season is long in the west wall openings are acceptable in moderate or cold climates. But close no circumstances in the tropics. Both external and internal walls should be massive. A heavy roof with substantial thermal capacity. Giving a time-lag of at least 8 hours The climate of this place is characterized by a hot summer and general dryness except in the south west monsoon search. The year may be divided into four seasons the period from March to about middle of June is the summer season. This is followed by the southwest monsoon season which lasts till about the end of September October and the first half of November from the post monsoon or transition period. November to February. The cold season is from about the middle of
The average annual rainfall in the place is 778.9 mm. The rainfall in the place varies from 642.3 mm. At Narwal to 884.8 mm at Kanpur. The Heaviest rainfall in 24 hrs. Recorded at any station in the place was 508.9 mm at Derapur on 1882 June 18. There is a meteorological observatory is the District at Kanpur and the records of this observatory may be taken is representative of the climatic conditions prevailling in the District in general from about the beginning of March. There is rapid rise in the temperatures. May and the early part of June constitute the hottest part of the year the mean daily temp.(max) in May is 41.7’c and the mean daily minimum 27.2’c the nights during June are warmer than in May. The heat in summer is intense and the maximum temperature on many days rises upto 45’c or more the hot day and dust lacen westerly winds, which are common is the hot season add much to the discomfort. Afternoon thunder showers which occur on a few days during the summer being welcome relief though only temperarily with the onset of the monsoon in the District after the middle of June the day temperature drops down appreciably nights continue to be warm as in summers. After October day and night temperature start decreasing. January is the coldest month. With max day temp 22.6’c and night temp at 8.6’c. During the monson season, relative humidities generally exceed 70%. There after humidities decrease. The driest part of the year is the summer season when the relative humidity is 30%.
During the monson season, and for brief spells of a day or two during the cold season when the place is affected by passing western disturbances, heavily clouded or overcast skies prevail in the rest of the year skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded. The winds are generally light with some strengthening in force during the summer and early monsoon season in the non-monsoon months winds are mostly from direction between southwest and northewest with northerlies and northwestelies predominating precominating in the afternoons. From may winds from directions between northeast and southeast begin to blow and in the southwest monsoon season winds are either from directions between southeast and northeast or between southeast and northwest. In association with depressions from bay or bengal in the monsoon season which move across the country. The district gets widespread
heavy rain and gusty winds. During the cold season western disturbances affect the weather over the district and thunderstorms, sometimes associated with hail and squall occur. During the hot seasons duststorms and thunderstorms occur on a few days. Rain during the monsoon season is opten associated with thunder for occurs occasionally during the cold season. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY KANPUR. Area Altitude Longitude - 300 sq.kms. - 120m (From mean sea level) - 26’.20’ north.
Rainfall monthly average Humidity (monsoon) Humidity (summer) – 161 mm. - 86% - 21% The factors taken into consideration are : (a) Dry bulb temperature. (b) Sollar radiation. (c) Wind direction and velocity. (d) Relative humidity. (e) Rainfall and number of rainy days. When the designer wants to access the effects of climatic conditions on the body’s heat dissipation processes he has to handle four independent variables simultaneously temperature, humidity, air movement and radiation effects which is expressed in the terms of effecting temperature as below The temperature of saturate, still air (speed-less than 0.1m/sbc or 25 feet/minute) where in the same degree of comfort is felt as in existing conditions of temperature, wind speed, humidity and radiation below than 100 w/m 2 . For the comfort the values on effective temparature scale can be taken in the range of 21 0 C to 24 0 C However, it may be exceeded to another 2 0 C or 3 0 C on either side without any serious discomfort.
Climatic Inferences : To avoid the inward flow of heat, either direct or indirect. The surface on which the sun rays fall must be protected following have to be taken into consideration. * Minimization of glare. * Maximization of solar heat entering rooms in winter. * Protection against rain and wind. * Provision of adequate ventilation at all times. Design Analysis : The main features of design and construction for buildings are : * Avoid sun pockets and radiation glare from sky, ground paving or buildings that will intensify this zone around the building. * Use of reflective devices on reefs and walls exposed to the sun both for sky and ground radiation. * In inward looking layout can benefit from microclimatic factors this allows rapid radiation of heat. * Evaporative possibilities should be utilised.
VEGETATION Vegetation yaries from lushgreen to scantily bareen land. The land in the min has thorny shruss.
Green Grass The water bodies generally have the green poktion of vegetation. SOIL CONDITION Some are man made the soil is generally sandy. The bearing capacity of soil is generally good. The water table is about 9m below groun level.
PROGRAMME OF REQUIREMENTS
The area programming has been carried out on the basis of an assumed membership of 3000 persons (the existing membership exceeds 2000). The accommodation set down illustrates a golf pavilion for a members club and a local authority course assuming a normal requirement for social facilities and serving an 18 hole course. It must be emphasized that the addition of squash, swimming and health club causes an increase in the number of users and accordingly in the lounging and dining requirements. 1. ADMINISTRATION : Reception + Entrance Manager office Chairman office + toilet General staff (Clerical) 2. PUBLIC AREA Bar + toilet (120 persons) 40 sqm Restaurant + Toilet (95 persons) 40 sqm Snack Bar (30 Golfers ) Pub (40 persons) Meeting Room + Toilet 3. RECREATIONAL FACILITIES : Cards Room with Registration Counter Billiards Room (2 table ) 1 nos. 110sqm 26.25sqm 85 sqm 1 nos. 1 nos. @1.5m 2 /person @1.9m 2 /person 185 sqm 183 sqm 70 sqm 80 sqm 108m 2 211 sqm 83 sqm 110 sqm 85 sqm
1 nos. @2.2m 2 /person 1 nos. 1 nos. 1.9m 2 /person
4. GOLF FACILITIES The golf facilities depend less on total Nos. but more on the rate at which an 18 hole course can be used e.g. 4 players can start every 6 minutes. Therefore, the changing facilities will be subject to 4 players coming in and 4 going out every 6 minutes at peak loadings. Assuming 20-25 minutes for changing it implies a maximum of 32-40 persons at any one time. Professional’s Shop + Store Counter Changing Area Lockers Caddies Facility ( Room + Caddy Master + Toilet ) Sitting Area 5. SPORTS FACILITIES Squash Courts (With Gallery for viewers ) Swimming Pool Change Room ( One each ) For ladies and gents with 5 cubicles 5 showers, 2 WBs & 3 WCs for ladies and 2 WCs and 2 Urinals for gents.) 2 nos. 40 sqm each 60 sqm 80 sqm 2 nos. 70 sqm each 140 sqm 42 sqm 100 sqm 25 sqm 455 sqm 18 sqm 75 sqm
Seating + Toilets Gents Toilet 20 sqm + Ladies Toilets 18 sqm Snacks Counter Filtration Plant ( Under services) Health Club Locker Room Total area Circulation + walls ( 40%) 196 sqm 20 sqm 2140 sqm +856 sqm 2996 sqm 32 sqm 41 sqm
ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA AND STANDARDS
SNACK BAR :
It usually restricts to light meals served at counter or taken by customer to table. Food is normally cooked within counter area but back-up preparation, wash-up and storage is required. REQUIRES : 1.50 – 2.20 sqm/person including counter and cooking. Ratio of service area to total area = 25.50% Net Kitchen area = 40 % RESTAURANT : It must have generous seating and spacing of tables. It is designed on traditional lines with kitchen separate from the dining room. REQUIRES : 1.3 –1.9 sqm/person according to type of business. BAR: It should preferably feature a fairly long bar counter supported by bar storage with ice making machine and bottle cooler. Section
may be required for service of simple meals or snacks. It must be possible to service bars without passing through public areas. REQUIRES: 1.8 – 2 sqm/persons for cocktail Lounge (comfortable) 1.3-1.7sqm/persons for general bar (some standing and on stools) – excluding counter. ( Source – Neufert’s Standards) BANQUET :
A multi purpose area provided for meetings, banquest, balls, parties and exhibition always proves to be a valuable asset. The room may have an independent access if it is. It may be divisible by movable partitions. Guest and service entry need to be segregated. REQUIRES: 1.1 – 1.3 sqm/persons for banquet style seating. 0.5 sqm/seat for furniture store. ( Source – Neufert’s Standards ) KITCHEN : Approximate space allowances for kitchen planning and including food storage, cold room, wash up, chef ’s office. REQUIRES: Main rest. Kitchen area-1.4 sqm x no. of covers. Banquet Kitchen area - 0.2 sqm x no. of covers. Approx. 50 % extra for staff toilets, changing room, canteen and other stores. BILLIARDS : Size of table (3.7 to 4m) x (1.9 to 2m) Minimum area (excl, seating) =7 x5.25sqm. Minimum space between two tables - end to end = 2.25 m - side to side = 3.2 m Flooring - Vinyl Tiles
Billiards is a quiet activity requiring silent interaction and concentration. The enclosure must exclude external light entering into it.
Billiards room must have proximity to open areas on terraces for fresh air and relaxation. Service may or may not be desirable. The table must have a canopy fitting lighting with a 100 – 150 w. tungsten filament placed centrally. The room should preferably be a/c and well ventilated.
SQUASH : Size - 9.754 X 6.4 X (5.4 to 5.8) Squash requires an additional provision for
spectators. This may be given in the form of a gallery above the entry to courts. The door must always be in the centre of the wall.
Squash is sport which generates a lot of noise. It is a sport f the young and fit. The courts may be provided with diffused light from the sun excluding any glare. Natural light must be in addition to adequate and well located artificial lights. The activity of cards, especially the games or Rummy and Bridge are exceedingly popular with the senior member of any club for their recreational potential. The cards rooms require a registration counter for the purposes of exchange of currency into counters etc.; a lounge and a pantry to serve the players. The room must be in proximity to public toilets. Within the cards room the Bridge and Rummy section must be distinct. The cards room must enjoy good ventilation and lighting (natural and artificial). Cards rooms are strictly non-smoking and adequate smoker’s
lounge. Fresh air and a panoranic view of the outside adds to the value of the cards room.
The room size of cards room depends on the sizes of tables and circulation in between (Source –Neufert’s Standards ) A table and 4 chairs require 2.4 x 2.4 sqm.. hence cards requires – 1.2 to 1.4 sqm/seat ( 4 seater for Bridge and 2-6 seater for rummy. )
LAWN TENNIS :
HEALTH CLUB : Change cubicles – size for cubicle 1/visitor = 1mx ( 1-1.2)m Gross area of changing room/cubicle = 3 – 4 sq Locker Size = 300 x 500 – 400 x 600. Ratio of total changing/clothes storage spaces per user approx. = 1.75 sq. Cubicles and clothes stand should be of timber or corrosion resistant metal with properietory panels. Sauna Bathing time - 3 x 8-12 minute sessions. Total for 1 bath = 120 minutes.
Room for cooling (with shower, hose or plunge) 2 massage points or 1 rest room/Sun. Room temperature. - Undressing = 20 - 22°C - Pre clense = 24 - 26°C - Cooling room = 18 - 20°C - Massage room = 20 - 22°C GOLF CHANGE : Men's Locker room The area requirement for this room is based upon the capacity of the course e.g. an 18 hole course will be saturated at about 120 players
(four balls every six minutes for 3 hrs) or 150 if allowance is made for every players. Therefore no more than 40-50 persons use it at any one time. Allowing 1 sqm/person, the minimum area = 50 sqm for public courses and private clubs where golf clubs are kept in the stores and out of the locker room. Within this overall area separate sitting and hanging spaces should be provided for visitors. The floor finish must be practical and resistant to spikes. Wall finish can be kept to an absolute minimum if type of lockers and layout is decided at planning stage.
Men’s toilet – The normal thumb role – 1 WC/urinal for 25 men
and /basin for 15 men. Hence a maximum of 50 players at one time require the use of these facilities at a greater rate. Hence we could double the standard i.e. 4–5 WCs 4 Urinals and 4-5 basins. Also 2 showers atleast are required. Ladies Locker Room – The number of ladies using the facilities is proportionately much smaller. The details will be similar to men's locker room though more hanging space may be required. An area of 30sqm may be enough. Ladies toilet Approximately 3-4 WCs and basins and one shower will be adequate. These must be provided together with sanitary towel disposal facility.
Basins must be vanity type with the whole area softer than the normal utilitarian type of room found in many clubs. with a resting lounge. Professional's Shop – Location is critical to enable good views over the course to be obtained , particularly of the first tee, which should be adjacent, as the professional may control starting times and collect green fees. Display space is important and long wall lengths are desirable . height to swing a club is also an asset and better still if it is linked to an under cover practice area. Office and trolley storage facilities may be incorporated in addition to storage for golfing A powder room could also be provided along
equipment. Bags will take up less space if stored horizontally but less wear occur if stored vertically. Golf Practice – Driving may be practiced in a range with netting 9!8 mm mesh) on three sides and below ceiling REQUIRES space of 6.7 x 2-4 plus surrounding same areas may be used for putting which is practiced on a roll out carpet. The area must include a storage area for mat and netting. Pitch and putt courseconsists of holes under 100 yards with 70 being the normal maximum, is the smallest provision in which the ball leaves the ground. For this reason and
because it attracts beginners and children, safety considerations must be stringent. Driving range – This is a flat descending area 250-300 yards long by 150 yards wide. Play is from a one, two or three tier platform with fixed mats and devices to tee up balls automatically. A range with associated Par 3 and/or pitch putt facilities is more successful than one providing practice alone. It could
equally be associated with a full scale 18 hole course but proximity to an urban centre is essential. It is excellent for beginners and succeeds where demands for golf is greater than membership vacancies at clubs. (All given information pertaining to Golf,) Source : Handbook of sport and Recreational Building Design Vol. III, pp 75-81
Pool Filtration Plant – Purification, flocculation and disinfection of swimming pool water requires an essential turnover period of 3 hrs. for indoor public pools. The pool water is purified by chemical flocculation of organic substances to induce coagulation followed by filtration. In asymmetrical pool outlets must be arranged in a manner to allow complete through flow. For cleaning pool floor, esp, in open air pools, remove sediment and with brushes and suction sediment pump. Generator Room. The thumb role for electrification requirement is 30 w.ft 2 of electrified area subsequently a generator room requires 1sqm per 3.33 KW.
THE INFLUENCES The various factors discussed in the previous chapters namely the nature of the project, the client, the context, the site and the program of the requirement exert .considerable and individual influence in the design of a club building of this nature. The peninsular site's adjacent to greens on three sides offers an opportunity to make the most of the pacific views. The location at the confluence of the starting and ending point of the 18 hole games is strategic, to be manifested in the relation of the Golfing facility to the course. The access road needs to be kept at a considerable distance from the club house to buffer the noise and pollution. The vehicular circulation and parking may also be condemned to this face. THE APPROACH As a golf club is inherently different owing to the primary needs of golf in terms of membership from any other club exclusiveness of
and magnitudes; and since all other activities remain ancillary to
golf, the design must interpret this. It must adequately symbolise the openness and flexibility of the greens and offer the golfer cool respite in environment and views. The first priority here is RELAXATION and COMFORT
Hence the basic zoning and circulation patterns must be unambiguous and would be best arranged around specific courts individual in their character and treatment. The distinct zones identifiable are - Public/Formal zone Service zone Main Entry Service Entry
DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS : 1. A golfer uses the course early mornings and early evenings. He follows either of the following routines 2. A golfer's caddy is fixed and carries his golf bag either from his car or from the proshop to the tee-off externally and back. 3. The snack bar is meant exclusively for the golfers and functions only at golfing hours. It serves light snacks such as sandwiches and non alcoholic beverages. It is serviced once each day. 4. The club remain closed for two hours each day (10-11 a.m. and 3-4 p.m.) for servicing and cleaning up purposes. 5. The bar serves light, snacks e.g. roasted peanuts and its store may be serviced once a day. 6. 7. Children below 16 are not allowed in the bar. The restaurants are of two types a. b. Family Restaurant - serving all types of food. Speciality Restaurant - not allowing children below 16.
8. 9. The Cards and Billiards rooms are strictly adults and no-smoking zones. The Cards room has both Bridge and Rummy sections.
10. The Reading room remains open from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. and provides the members a sufficient and comfortable reading area furnished with few books and upto date on magazines and journals. 11. The Party room and Blue Bar (for cocktail parties) are areas let out for small, elite parties. 12. The Banquet Hall is basically the club for − marriages, functions. − The new years eve and Christmas celebrations held annually. It includes sufficient facility to extend into the open in times of good weather. This areas will be serviced by the individual caterer appointed or by the club in the latter case. LIGHT AND VENTILATION : Though the club relies on air conditioning for control of the internal environment all areas in the club open outwards into their own respective spillouts. Each area (without an exception) enjoys provision for natural light and ventilation over and above the artificial means. Incidentally the primary objectives of facilitating views towards the greens unconsciously achieves natural reception parties, cocktails, angeet etc. marriage related a multipurpose enclosure to be let out by
light and ventilation too. Other areas such as services and administration too enjoy good light and ventilation due to the openness of design. CIRCULATION The circulation system and clarity in a club of this nature is the key to its success and popularity. The club as conceived has simple circulation generating visual foci, visual links and spatial clarity. The means adopted are courts or voids with circulation around them. These vary in character, purpose and scale. STRUCTURE SYSTEM The system of support of the designed club house is conceived to be simple linear comprising beams and columns. The grid chosen approximates to 5 m x 5m. The large scale of the desired areas warrants the need for such a grid. The structure goes up two floors at the heart of the club emphasizing the central court and entry. Though parts of the club occupy the first floor the club predominantly sprawls horizontally with a single floor level maintaining a humble profile. The floor to floor heights of the major and large public areas i.e. restaurant, bar lounge etc. go upto 6.5-3.5 m. The height is .cant to scale down the vastness and to enhance the interiors by hiding the structure and air-conditioning.
SERVICES Plumbing and Sanitation :- The areas to be serviced include the public toilets, kitchens, change room and landscaping. The golf course is the major consumer of water the demands for which are net through 3 tubewells. This also rules out possibilities of the water bodies lying empty and ugly due to shortage of water supply. − The sanitation of the kitchen goes into service yard. − The landscape court adjoining the administration and the restaurant camouflages the pipes from the public toilets. − The change rooms of the health club and golfers are retained on the ground for easy plumbing and sanitation. Rain Water :- The rain water from flat terraces is taken down vertically and disposed on to the greens. The sloping roofs however dispose into gutters which further run into rwps and then spill on to the greens. Electrical : The club is provided with an electrical substation and DG set These are to be located at a distance from the club house (for fire safety) and
intercepting the path of transmission. They must lie close to the road for serviceability and under supervision from the caretakers quarter. Not Central :- The public areas (i.e. restaurant, bar, lounges, cardsroom, billiards, reading room) are centrally air conditioned with the plant room lying in economical proximity to the restaurant. This plant is independent the rest of the structure to eliminate vibration and adjacent to the road for servicing.
The health club requires very specific air treatment due to humidity control in the sauna and jacuzzi and the thick air from the gym and
aerobics. As a result it is facilitated with a separate package unit. The banquet too constitutes a major load generator and is not a regular component. too is supplied through an individual area. VOLUMETRIC DISPOSITION: The club building must network a low lying and humble Hence it
character. Further the club must be disintegrated into distinct volumetric checks to add to the clarity in circulation. The volume of the clubhouse steps up from the peripheries
towards the middle, the central public areas being emphasized with maximum volume due to the additional. Floor heights/hts. The low lying single storeyed
edges flow into and merge with the greens. The volume of the these single storeys is enhanced using greater ceiling heights due to the specific requirements of
sports such as TT and Squash on the one hand and the span to height relationship for visual comfort and ventilation in the kitchen. All symmetrical in all the clubhouse retains a majestic posture,
and noticeable enough for the casual passer-by. The Banquet
block enhances this quality though its individualistic quality, distinctive in form and volume, breaking away from the regulations of the clubhouse. It needs the systematic disposition of the clubhouse a playful relief and a cocky imbalance to the severe symmetry.
ARCHITECTURAL EXPRESSION The golf clubhouse must express a humble and cozy respite for the township of Kanpur and yet make strong enough in architectural
statement. The use of a combination of materials (i.e. slate, brick and stone) and a combination of elements (i.e. sloping roofs, vertical landscaping buttresses
and glazing) o\would render to the building a sporty and playful look expressing the building a sporty and playful look expressing the purposes of the club. At the same time the expression should neither be too bizarre, shocking or bold. All the clubs studied and observed bore a common apparel of dignity, majesty and coziness. They all had distinct symmetry and emphasis on the entry. Simultaneously the traditionalistic and slightly orthodox approach of roost golfers esp. the Forces based owes to the obviety and psychological solace in the Victorian appearance, necessitated the design of the club on these lines. An interpretation of the landscape in the vertical as well as the horizontal is a major form of expression. Further each court has an expression specific to its purpose but with the underlying concept focusing the greens. The entire architectural expression revolves around the central concept of the golf course, i.e. The greens remain at the focus from all angles be it the multidestinationed landscape of the formal court of the informal attitude of the sports court.
Book : 1. Handbook of Sports and Recreational Building design Vol.3 (Outdoor Sports), Sports Council (Architectural Press, London) p. 75.
2. Bansal & Minke - The Climatic Zones of India. 3. C.B.R.I. - Climatological Data. 4. Neufert’s Standards 5. Dawes J - Design and Planning of swimming pools (Arcitectural Press, London) Unpublished Architectural Thesis: 1. Delhi Gymkhana Club - an unpublished thesis by S.C. Seth, 1974, t-596, S.P.A. Library. 2. Karnavati Sports Club - an unpublished thesis by Neeraj Kumar, 1991, T-1538, S.P.A. Library. 3. Country Club Bangalore - an unpublished thesis by J H Vats, 1990, T-1457, SPA Library.