Scorpio 26: Indians ma king camp

T h e p r o p e r n o u n I n di a n d o e s n o t d e s c e n d f r o m a n In d o - E u r o p e a n r o o t . A c c o r d i n g t h e O n l in e Et ym o l o gi c a l

D i c t i on a ry , t he w or d e n t e r e d E n g l i s h f r o m
t h e L a t i n In di a , b y w a y o f t h e G r e e k In di a meaning “region of the Indus River” and l a t e r u s e d t o d e s c r i b e t h e r e g i on b e h i n d i t . T h e s e t w o t e r m s d e s c e n d u l t i ma t e l y, f r o m t h e S a n s k r i t si n dhu w h i c h m e a n s “ r i v e r . ” 1 The word

ri ve r

descends

from

Indo-

E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r oo t r e i -1 w h i c h me a n s “ t o s c r a t c h, t e a r, c u t . ” 2 O t h e r d e s c e n d a n t s i n c l u d e t h e w o r d s ri m o s e , ro w, r o p e, ri ve, rif t ri f e , rip a ri an ,

ra va ge , a rri ve , ri pe, re ap, a n d rip p le .
T h e w o r d ma ke i s a d e r i v a t i v e o f t he I E r o o t ma g- w hi c h m e a n s “ t o k n e a d , f a s h i on , f i t ” a n d f r o m w hi ch a l s o d e s c e n d t he w o r d s m a gm a,

m a de , m as o n, m a ss, m a t c h, m on gre l , a n d m i n gl e. 3
T h e w o r d c a mp d e sc e n d s f r o m t h e L a t i n c a mp u s m e a n i n g “ o p e n fi e l d , l e v e l s p a c e ” , e sp e ci a l l y “ op e n sp a c e fo r m i l i t a r y e x e r c i se . ” 4 T h e t e r m w a s t r a n s f e r r e d t o n o n - m i l i t a r y se n se i n t h e m i d - 1 6 t h ce n t u ry a n d b y t h e mid-19th century also came to mean “body of adhere nts of a doctrine or cause.” TH EMES : T h e m o st o b v i o u s r e la t i on sh i p i s t h e a n t i t he s i s b e t w e e n t he m e a n i n g o f r ei -1 , t h e r o o t o f ri ve r , a n d t h e m e a n i n g o f ma g - , t he r o ot o f ma ke . T h e f o r m e r m e a n s “ t o s c r a t c h, t e a r, c u t ” w h i l e t he l a t t e r m e a n s “ t o k n e a d , fa s h i on , f i t . ” O n e s u g g e s t s d e st r u c t i o n a n d t h e ot h e r b ui l d i n g or c o n s t r u c t i o n . T h i s i s f i t t i n g c o n s i d e r i n g t h a t t he w o r d c a mp , a s a n o un ,

1 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=India 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European R oots, p. 70 3 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 50 4 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=camp Starling Hunter © 2011 1

m e a n s “ a c a b i n o r s h e l t e r o r g r o u p of s u c h b u i l d i n g s. ” K e y t h e m e s h e re m i g h t i n v o l v e REPA IR a n d REPA RAT IO N .

Starling Hunter © 2011

2

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