Scorpio 16: A girl's face breaking into a smile

T h e n o u n gi rl d e s ce n d s f r o m t h e M i d d l e E n g l i s h gi rl e , me a n i n g c h i l d or girl. Definitions of girl include “a f e m a l e c hi l d ” , “ a yo u n g w o m a n ” , a n d “ a d a u g h t e r. ” 1 The word face descends from the I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( IE ) r o o t d he - w h i c h m e a n s “ t o se t , p u t . ” 2 T h e A H D E L li st s o v e r 1 5 0 d e r i v a t i v e s o f t h i s r o ot . Among them are

a f f a i r,

a f f e c ti o n,

a m p l i f y, a rt i f a ct , b e n e f it , b o u t iq ue , b o de ga , c o n di me n t, c o n f e tt i, de e m , de f e a t, de f a c e, di f f ic u l t , de f e c t, do , e f f e c t, e f f i c ie n c y, fa ç a de , f a ce , f a c t, fa c t i on , f a c t o ry, f e at , f e a t u re , f e ti s h, i n f e c ti o n, m o di fi c at i o n, o f f ic e, p e rf e ct , p ro f i t, q u a li f i c ati o n , s u f f i ci e n c y, s u rf a c e , t h e m e, a n d t h e s i s.
T h e w o r d b rok en de s c e n d s f r o m t h e IE r o o t bh re g- w h i ch m e a n s “ t o b r e a k . ” 3 A m o n g t h e I t s p a r on y m s a r e bre a c h , b ra s h ( a ma s s o r p i l e o f r u b b l e , r e f u s e , o r fr a g m e n t s, a s o f s t on e , b r u s h, o r i ce ) , b re c c i a ( r o c k c o m p o s e d o f s ha r p - a n g l e d f r a g m e n t s e m b e d d e d i n a f i n e - g r a i n e d m a t r i x ) , b ra y ( t o cr u s h a n d p o u n d t o a f i n e c o n si s t e n c y , a s i n a m o r t a r ) ,

b ri o c h e, b rac ke n, bra ke ( a d e v i c e f o r s l o w i n g o r s t op p i n g m o t i o n , a s o f a
v e h i c l e , e sp e ci a l l y b y c o n t a c t f r i ct i o n ) , b ra ke ( a t o o t he d d e v i c e f o r c r u s h i n g a n d b e a t i n g f l a x o r h e m p ) , bra ke ( a f e r n ) , b ra ke ( a n a re a o v e r g r o w n w i t h d e n s e b r u s h w o o d, b r i e r s , a n d u n d e r g r ow t h ; a t h i c k e t ) ,

f ra c t a l , f ra c t i on , f ra gi l e, f ra i l, f ra gm en t , re f ra c t, re f ra in , a n d s u f f ra ge .

1 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/girl 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 17 3 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, pp. 13 Starling Hunter © 2011 1

T h e w o r d s mi l e d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I E r o o t s mei - w h i c h me a n s “ ” t o l a u g h , s m i le . ” P a r on y m s i n c l u d e t h e wo r d s s m i rk, m a rve l, m i ra c le ,

m i ra ge , mi rro r, a dm i re , a n d c o m it y. 4
TH EMES : A s s h o w n b e l o w , a t le a st t h re e g r o u p s o f re l a t e d w o r d s a r e p r e s e n t a mo n g t h e k e y w o r d s , r o o t s , a n d d e r i v a t i v e s a b ov e . T h e un i f y i n g t h e m e s a r e I L LU SIO N , AF FECT o r EMOT ION , a n d DEF ECT .
Theme Illusion Illusion Affect Affect Affect Defect Defect Root dhesmei dhesmeismeibhregdheDerivative façade mirage fetish admiration marvel broken defective Definition a deceptive outward appearance an optical illusion caused by atmospheric conditions an excessive and irrational devotion or commitment to a particular thing an object of wonder and esteem; a marvel one that evokes surprise, admiration, or wonder; strong surprise; astonishment forcibly separated into two or more pieces; fractured marked by subnormal structure, function , intelligence, or behavior; faulty

4 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 80 Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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